Results for 'Barbro Krevers'

39 found
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  1.  2
    Dying as an Issue of Public Concern: Cultural Scripts on Palliative Care in Sweden.Axel Agren, Ann-Charlotte Nedlund, Elisabet Cedersund & Barbro Krevers - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (4):507-516.
    In Sweden, palliative care has, over the past decades, been object to policies and guidelines with focus on how to achieve “good palliative care”. The aim of this study has been to analyse how experts make sense of the development and the current state of palliative care. Departing from this aim, focus has been on identifying how personal experiences of ‘the self’ are intertwined with culturally available meta-level concepts and how experts contribute to construct new scripts on palliative care. Twelve (...)
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  2. Why Virtual Friendship is No Genuine Friendship.Barbro Fröding & Martin Peterson - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (3):201-207.
    Based on a modern reading of Aristotle’s theory of friendship, we argue that virtual friendship does not qualify as genuine friendship. By ‘virtual friendship’ we mean the type of friendship that exists on the internet, and seldom or never is combined with real life interaction. A ‘traditional friendship’ is, in contrast, the type of friendship that involves substantial real life interaction, and we claim that only this type can merit the label ‘genuine friendship’ and thus qualify as morally valuable. The (...)
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  3. Cognitive Enhancement, Virtue Ethics and the Good Life.Barbro Elisabeth Esmeralda Fröding - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (3):223-234.
    This article explores the respective roles that medical and technological cognitive enhancements, on the one hand, and the moral and epistemic virtues traditionally understood, on the other, can play in enabling us to lead the good life. It will be shown that neither the virtues nor cognitive enhancements on their own are likely to enable most people to lead the good life. While the moral and epistemic virtues quite plausibly are both necessary and sufficient for the good life in theory, (...)
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  4.  15
    Friendly AI.Barbro Fröding & Martin Peterson - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (3):207-214.
    In this paper we discuss what we believe to be one of the most important features of near-future AIs, namely their capacity to behave in a friendly manner to humans. Our analysis of what it means for an AI to behave in a friendly manner does not presuppose that proper friendships between humans and AI systems could exist. That would require reciprocity, which is beyond the reach of near-future AI systems. Rather, we defend the claim that social AIs should be (...)
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  5.  21
    The Struggle for Dignity by People with Severe Functional Disabilities.Barbro Wadensten & Gerd Ahlström - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (4):453-465.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate what strategies people with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes use in their daily life to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were carried out and subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The main finding was expressed in terms of six subthemes: trying to keep a private sphere; striving to communicate; searching for possibilities; taking the initiative; striving to gain insight; and using one's temperament. These generated (...)
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  6.  31
    Cognitive Enhancement and the Principle of Need.Barbro Fröding & Niklas Juth - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (3):231-242.
    In this article we argue that the principle of need, on some interpretations, could be used to justify the spending of publically funded health care resources on cognitive enhancement and that this also holds true for individuals whose cognitive capacities are considered normal.The increased, and to an extent, novel demands that the modern technology and information society places on the cognitive capacities of agents, e.g., regarding good and responsible decision-making, have blurred the line between treatment and enhancement. More specifically, it (...)
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  7.  41
    A Phenomenological Analysis of the Experience of Pivotal Moments in Therapy as Defined by Clients.Barbro Giorgi - 2011 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 42 (1):61-106.
    This study was concerned with the clarification of the experience of pivotal moments in therapy. By pivotal moment is understood an event within the therapeutic process that leads to enduring change experienced as an important improvement in the life-experience of the client. Retrospective descriptions of a therapeutic process were obtained from three clients in which a distinguishable chain of events could be discerned that the clients identified as a pivotal moment. The descriptive material was analyzed according to the descriptive phenomenological (...)
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  8.  24
    Why Computer Games Can Be Essential for Human Flourishing.Barbro Fröding & Martin Peterson - 2013 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 11 (2):81-91.
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  9.  31
    Ethical Values in Personal Assistance: Narratives of People with Disabilities.Barbro Wadensten & Gerd Ahlström - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (6):759-774.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of persons with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes, the focus being on their daily life in relation to the ethical principles represented in the Swedish Disability Act: autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were performed with 26 persons and thereafter subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The experiences of personal assistance were very much in accordance with the said principles, the most important factor being (...)
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  10. Virtuous Choice and Parity.Martin Peterson & Barbro Fröding - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (1):71-82.
    This article seeks to contribute to the discussion on the nature of choice in virtue theory. If several different actions are available to the virtuous agent, they are also likely to vary in their degree of virtue, at least in some situations. Yet, it is widely agreed that once an action is recognised as virtuous there is no higher level of virtue. In this paper we discuss how the virtue theorist could accommodate both these seemingly conflicting ideas. We discuss this (...)
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  11.  13
    A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Nurses' Ethical Concerns.Barbro Wadensten, Stig Wenneberg, Marit Silén, Ping Fen Tang & Gerd Ahlström - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (6):745-760.
    The aim of this study was to compare Swedish and Chinese nurses' experiences of ethical dilemmas and workplace distress in order to deepen understanding of the challenges neuroscience nurses encounter in different cultures. Qualitative interviews from two previously performed empirical studies in Sweden and China were the basis of this comparative study. Four common content areas were identified in both studies: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The themes formulated within each content area were compared and (...)
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  12.  19
    The Experience of Self-Discovery and Mental Change in Female Novice Athletes in Connection to Marathon Running.Barbro Giorgi & Alison L. Boudreau - 2010 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 41 (2):234-267.
    This article evaluates the experience of an extraordinary mental change of novice female runners that is connected to long-distance running. Two female participants were interviewed regarding their life-changing experience associated with endurance exercise. Descriptions of the lived experience from women who train for marathons were gathered and a phenomenological analysis of the data was conducted which suggests that the women underwent a mental change that improved their self-confidence and enhanced relationships with their selves and others. The six constituents that emerged (...)
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  13.  34
    Reflections on Therapeutic Practice Guided by a Husserlian Perspective.Barbro Giorgi - 2005 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 36 (2):141-194.
    In this article, there is a suggestion that the application of certain key concepts or procedures of Husserlian phenomenology can be helpful in the practice of therapy. It is well known that how a therapist is present to a client and his or her story is critical for the success of therapy. What is less clear, however, is how to address this "way of being" in therapy and what kinds of interventions are helpful to clients. In addressing some of these (...)
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  14.  35
    Bioethics in Sweden.Sven Ove Hansson & Barbro Björkman - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (3):285-293.
    Sweden is probably one of the most secularized nations in the world. Therefore religious arguments tend to play a smaller role in the public bioethical debate than in most other countries. Issues such as abortion, stem-cell research, and therapeutic cloning have been far less controversial in Sweden than elsewhere. Instead, other issues have dominated recent bioethical debates in Sweden, in particular those concerning privacy and the control over biological information about individuals.
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  15. Det Icke Förhandlingsbara: En Debattbok Mot Dödshjälp.Barbro Carlsson, Sture Gustafson & Hans Hellström (eds.) - 2011 - Veritas Förlag.
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  16. Cultural Loss and Cultural Rescue : Lilli Zickerman, Ottilia Adelborg, and the Promises of the Swedish Homecraft Movement.Barbro Klein - 2010 - In Hans Joas (ed.), The Benefit of Broad Horizons: Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science: Festschrift for Bjorn Wittrock on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Brill.
  17.  8
    Globalization and Modernization as Drivers for Tax Reform in the Socialist Market Economy.Richard Krever & Li Jin - 2010 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 11 (2):687-723.
    The unprecedented economic changes taking place in China over the past three decades have led to significant new fiscal pressures for the central and provincial governments. The relative decline of public ownership and rise of the private sector has forced governments to substitute revenues from new taxes for the funds formerly provided by public enterprises. The shift from profit distribution to tax revenues has led to a realignment of power between local governments and the central government while the growing disparity (...)
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  18.  55
    Nurses' Workplace Distress and Ethical Dilemmas in Tanzanian Health Care.Elisabeth Häggström, Ester Mbusa & Barbro Wadensten - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (4):478-491.
    The aim of this study was to describe Tanzanian nurses' meaning of and experiences with ethical dilemmas and workplace distress in different care settings. An open question guide was used and the study focused on the answers that 29 registered nurses supplied. The theme, `Tanzanian registered nurses' invisible and visible expressions about existential conditions in care', emerged from several subthemes as: suffering from (1) workplace distress; (2) ethical dilemmas; (3) trying to maintaining good quality nursing care; (4) lack of respect, (...)
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  19. A Motivational Approach to Confirmation: An Interpretation of Dysphagic Patients' Experiences.Barbro Gustafsson & Ingmar Pörn - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4).
    In this paper we articulate confirmation and disconfirmation as components in human motivation. We develop a theory of motivation on the basis of a model of human action and we explore aspects of confirmation and disconfirmation in the context of the meeting of dysphagic patients with their physicians. We distinguish four central elements in confirmation and disconfirmation and use these and the relations between them for the purpose of constructing a typology. Finally, on the basis of the results obtained we (...)
     
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  20.  49
    " The Nine-Field-Model" for Evaluation of Theoretical Constructs in Nursing: Part Two. Application of the Evaluation Model to Theory Analysis, Theory Critique and Theory Support of the SAUC Model.Barbro Gustafsson & Lars Andersson - 2001 - Theoria: Journal of Nursing Theory 10 (2):19-38.
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  21.  31
    " The Nine-Field-Model" for Evaluation of Theoretical Constructs in Nursing: Part One. Development of a New Model for Nursing Theory Evaluation and Application of This Model to Theory Description of the SAUC Model.Barbro Gustafsson & Lars Andersson - 2001 - Theoria: Journal of Nursing Theory 10 (1):10-34.
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  22.  23
    Chinese Nurses' Ethical Concerns in a Neurological Ward.Ping Fen Tang, Camilla Johansson, Barbro Wadensten, Stig Wenneberg & Gerd Ahlström - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (6):810-824.
    Our aim was to describe Chinese nurses' experiences of workplace distress and ethical dilemmas on a neurological ward. Qualitative interviews were performed with 20 nurses. On using latent content analysis, themes emerged in four content areas: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The ethical dilemmas were: (1) conflicting views on optimal treatment and nursing; (2) treatment choice meeting with financial constraints; and (3) misalignment of nursing responsibilities, competence and available resources. The patients' relatives lacked respect for (...)
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  23.  20
    Introduction.Barbro Giorgi - 2005 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 36 (2):137-140.
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  24.  6
    Bystander Passivity in Health Care and School Settings: Moral Disengagement, Moral Distress, and Opportunities for Moral Education.A. Jelmer Brüggemann, Camilla Forsberg, Gunnel Colnerud, Barbro Wijma & Robert Thornberg - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (2):199-213.
    ABSTRACTBystander passivity has received increased attention in the prevention of interpersonal harm, but it is poorly understood in many settings. In this article we explore bystander passivity in three settings based on existing literature: patient abuse in health care; bullying among schoolchildren; and oppressive treatment of students by teachers. Throughout the article we develop a theoretical approach that connects Obermann's unconcerned and guilty bystanders to theories of moral disengagement and moral distress respectively. Despite differences between the three settings, we show (...)
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  25.  19
    Different Types—Different Rights.Barbro Björkman - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):221-233.
    Drawing on a social construction theory of ownership in biological material this paper discusses which differences in biological material might motivate differences in treatment and ownership rights. The analysis covers both the perspective of the person from whom the material originates and that of the potential recipient. Seven components of bundles of rights, drawing on the analytical tradition of Tony Honoré, and their relationship to various types of biological material are investigated. To exemplify these categories the cases of a heart, (...)
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  26.  9
    On the Importance of Treating Oneself Well.Barbro Fröding - 2010 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):7-21.
    This article challenges the common assumption that the character virtues can be divided into two groups, one consisting of other-regarding virtues and oneof self-regarding virtues. On such accounts the other-regarding virtues are often said to focus on advancing the good of others, whereas the self-regarding virtuesprimarily benefit the agent herself. Here, however, it will be shown that virtues like friendship, particular justice, even temper and benevolence—traditionally seen as other-regarding—all contain strong self-regarding aspects. The central claim of the article is that (...)
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  27.  26
    Nuragic Conflicts Barbro Santillo Frizell (Ed.): Arte Militare E Architettura Nuragica: Nuragic Architecture in its Military, Territorial and Socio-Economic Context. Proceedings of the First International Colloquium on Nuragic Architecture at the Swedish Institute in Rome, 7–9 December 1989. (Skrifter Utgivna Av Svenska Institutet I Rom, 4°, 48.) Pp. 195; Numerous Illustrations. Stockholm: Paul Åström, 1991. Paper, Sw. Kr. 350. [REVIEW]David Ridgway - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (02):387-388.
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  28.  3
    Ethical Conflicts in Patient-Centred Care.Sven Ove Hansson & Barbro Fröding - forthcoming - Sage Publications: Clinical Ethics.
    Clinical Ethics, Ahead of Print. It could hardly be denied that healthcare should be patient-centred. However, some of the practices commonly described as patient-centred care may have ethically problematic consequences. This article identifies and discusses twelve ethical conflicts that may arise in the application of person-centred care. The conflicts concern e.g. privacy, autonomous decision-making, safeguarding medical quality, and maintaining professional egalitarianism as well as equality in care. Awareness of these potential conflicts can be helpful in finding the best way to (...)
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  29. The Benefit of Broad Horizons: Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science.Hans Joas & Barbro Klein (eds.) - 2010 - Brill.
    More than perhaps anybody else in the world, the Swedish social scientist Björn Wittrock has contributed - both on the intellectual and institutional level - to making a truly global science possible. This book is devoted to an appreciation of his contributions.
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  30. The Benefit of Broad Horizons: Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science. International Comparative Social Studies (24).Hans Joas & Barbro Klein (eds.) - 2010 - Brill.
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  31. What Are the Benefits of Broad Horizons?Hans Joas & Barbro Klein - 2010 - In The Benefit of Broad Horizons: Intellectual and Institutional Preconditions for a Global Social Science: Festschrift for Bjorn Wittrock on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Brill.
  32.  11
    Prevalence and Quality of Clinical Pathways in Swedish Intensive Care Units: A National Survey.Petronella Bjurling-Sjöberg, Inger Jansson, Barbro Wadensten, Gabriella Engström & Ulrika Pöder - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):48-57.
  33.  7
    Work Stress and Job Satisfaction in Hospital-Based Home Care.Barbro Beck-Friis, Peter Strang & Per-Olof Sjöden - forthcoming - Journal of Palliative Care.
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  34.  11
    Factors Affecting the Implementation Process of Clinical Pathways: A Mixed Method Study Within the Context of Swedish Intensive Care.Petronella Bjurling-Sjöberg, Barbro Wadensten, Ulrika Pöder, Lena Nordgren & Inger Jansson - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (2):255-261.
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  35.  23
    The Meaning of Illness: A Phenomenological Account of the Different Perspectives of Physician and Patient. [REVIEW]Barbro von Knorring - 1994 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 25 (2):221-223.
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  36.  42
    The Lived Experience of Early-Stage Alzheimer’s Disease: A Three-Year Longitudinal Phenomenological Case Study.Sirkka-Liisa Ekman, Petra Robinson & Barbro Giorgi - 2012 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 43 (2):216-238.
    The purpose of this study was to explore how one person experienced the early years of dementia as she was living through the pre-clinical and earlyclinical stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Interviews were held onfour occasions over a period of three years. The data were analyzed usingthe descriptive phenomenological psychological method, in which theresearcher approached the data from a caring perspective. The livedexperience of early-stage Alzheimer’s disease showed to be acomplex transitional phenomenon that involves a dynamic process of personaladjustment. The process (...)
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  37.  12
    A First Online Intervention to Increase Patients’ Perceived Ability to Act in Situations of Abuse in Health Care: Reports of a Swedish Pre-Post Study.A. Jelmer Brüggemann, Katarina Swahnberg & Barbro Wijma - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):35.
    Efforts to counteract abuse in health care, defined as patient-experienced abuse, have mainly focused on interventions among caregivers. This study is the first to test an online intervention focusing on how patients can counteract such abuse. The intervention aimed at increasing patients’ intention and perceived ability to act in future situations where they risk experiencing abuse.
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  38.  11
    Problems with “Friendly AI”.Oliver Li - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (3):543-550.
    On virtue ethical grounds, Barbro Fröding and Martin Peterson recently recommended that near-future AIs should be developed as ‘Friendly AI’. AI in social interaction with humans should be programmed such that they mimic aspects of human friendship. While it is a reasonable goal to implement AI systems interacting with humans as Friendly AI, I identify four issues that need to be addressed concerning Friendly AI with Fröding’s and Peterson’s understanding of Friendly AI as a starting point. In a first (...)
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  39.  20
    To Know the Value of Everything--A Critical Commentary on B Bjorkman and S O Hansson's "Bodily Rights and Property Rights".J. R. Karlsen - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):215-219.
    Though the authors of this commentary have deep felt doubts about the fruitfulness of Björkman and Hansson’s analysis of bodily rights, they do not doubt their capacity to develop both creative and provocative thoughtsIt is always welcoming to be confronted with thoughts that, even though one wholeheartedly disagrees with them, have the effect of stimulating one’s own reflections on matters, which without such confrontations, would have been less distinct, less critical—and we would gladly admit, less polemical. Thus it is thanks (...)
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