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Baruch Brody
Rice University
  1.  78
    The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective.Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
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  2. Life and Death Decision Making.Baruch A. Brody - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Integrating theory with case studies, this book examines the practical application of moral theory in clinical decision-making through 40 composite cases based on actual clinical experience. Complex, realistic, and challenging, these examples contain the multiplicity of factors faced in clinical crises, making this a superb exploration of the ways in which theory relates to actual life-or-death situations.
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  3. Readings in the Philosophy of Science.Baruch A. Brody - 1970 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  4. Intellectual Property, State Sovereignty, and Biotechnology.Baruch A. Brody - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 51-73.
  5. Why Settle for Anything Less Than Good Old-Fashioned Aristotelian Essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1973 - Noûs 7 (4):351-365.
  6. Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: A Philosophical View.Baruch A. Brody - 1975 - MIT Press.
     
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  7.  49
    Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options.Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: regulatory oversight, confidentiality and privacy, informed consent, availability of drugs, access, and clinicians' changing responsibilities in the era of pharmacogenetic medicine. We (...)
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  8. Conflicts Among Multinational Ethical and Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions.Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda P. Wray, Carol M. Ashton, Danielle M. Wenner, Anna F. Jarman & Baruch A. Brody - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):99-121.
    There has been a growing concern over establishing norms that ensure the ethically acceptable and scientifically sound conduct of clinical trials. Among the leading norms internationally are the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, guidelines by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, the International Conference on Harmonization's standards for industry, and the CONSORT group's reporting norms, in addition to the influential U.S. Federal Common Rule, Food and Drug Administration's body of regulations, and information sheets by the Department of (...)
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  9. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion.Baruch A. Brody - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  10. Taking Issue Pluralism and Casuistry in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 2003
     
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  11. Assessing Empirical Research in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).
    Empirical research can aid ethical reflection in bioethics by identifying issues, by seeing how they are currently resolved, and by assessing the consequences of these current resolutions. This potential can be misused when the ethical issues in question are fundamentally non-consequentialist or when they are consequentialist but the empirical research fails to address the important consequences. An example of the former problem is some recent studies about bad consequences resulting from commercialized living kidney donor programs. These consequences could be avoided, (...)
     
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  12.  58
    Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part I.Baruch A. Brody - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):1-37.
    : In the development of biotechnology in the United States, many questions were raised about the appropriateness of applying to this area a traditional robust system of intellectual property rights. Despite these hesitations, the U.S. rejected suggested modifications. This was a mistake, and there is a need to develop a modified system that promotes more of the relevant ethical values.
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  13.  50
    Kripke on Proper Names.Baruch A. Brody - 1979 - In A. French Peter, E. Uehling Theodore, Howard Jr & K. Wettstein (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 64-69.
    Kripke has argued that proper names, as rigid designators, cannot be equivalent in meaning to definite descriptions. in this paper, i argue that definite descriptions are sometimes used rigidly and that proper names are equivalent to definite descriptions used rigidly.
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  14.  88
    Intuitions and Objective Moral Knowledge.Baruch A. Brody - 1979 - The Monist 62 (4):446-456.
    Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of philosophical discussion about such concrete moral issues as just war, distribution of food aid, euthanasia, reverse discrimination, etc. Much of this discussion implicitly assumes that there are true and false positions on these issues, valid or invalid arguments for these positions, etc. Recent years have not witnessed, however, a proliferation of philosophical defenses of these assumptions. With the decline of metaethical discussions, these assumptions have remained just assumptions rather than the conclusions of a (...)
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  15.  31
    Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part II.Baruch A. Brody - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):105-128.
    : Continuing the discussion begun in the March 2006 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, this paper further documents the failure of the United States to adequately consider possible modifications in the traditional robust system of intellectual property rights as applied to biotechnology. It discusses concrete suggestions for alternative disclosure requirements, for exemptions for research tools, and for improved access to clinical advances. In each of these cases, the modifications might be more responsive to the full set of (...)
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  16.  5
    Quality of Scholarship in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):161-178.
    This paper identifies four major forms of scholarship in bioethics: empirical research, the articulation of mid-level principles of bioethics, the relating of these principles to fundamental moral theories, and discussions of the bioethical implications of legal principles and health delivery policies. It develops a reflective equilibrium approach to the relation between these four forms of scholarship. It then presents, in light of this approach, criteria for quality research in each of these forms of scholarship in bioethics. Keywords: quality of scholarship, (...)
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  17.  6
    Do Surgical Trials Meet the Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials.Danielle M. Wenner, Baruch A. Brody, Anna Jarman, Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda Wray & Carol Ashton - 2012 - Journal of the American College of Surgeons 215 (5):722-730.
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  18. Readings in the Philosophy of Religion an Analytic Approach.Baruch A. Brody - 1992
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  19.  59
    Freedom and Responsibility in Genetic Testing.Baruch A. Brody - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):343-359.
    Public statements by various international groups emphasize that decisions to undergo genetic screening, either for disease-carrier status or for predisposition-to-disease status, and decisions about the use of the resulting information should be made voluntarily by the party to be screened. For example, the World Medical Association, in its Declaration on the Human Genome Project, says, “One should respect the will of persons screened and their right to decide about participation and about the use of the information obtained.” Giving this principle (...)
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  20.  77
    Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The European Debate.Baruch A. Brody - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):69-110.
    : The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has greatly impacted European debates about the patenting of biotechnology. This essay explores the European experience, in both the European Union and the European Patent Organization. It argues that there has been great confusion surrounding these issues primarily because the Europeans have not developed a general theory about when exclusion from patentability is the best social mechanism for dealing with (...)
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  21. Hume, Reid, and Kant on Causality.Baruch A. Brody - 1976 - In Stephen Francis Barker & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), Thomas Reid: Critical Interpretations. University City Science Center. pp. 3-8.
  22.  17
    The President's Commission: The Need to Be More Philosophical.Baruch A. Brody - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):369-383.
    This paper argues, contrary to what has sometimes been claimed, that public commissions need to be more philosophical than they have been in analyzing crucial bioethical issues. It argues (a) that the failure of the President's Commission to develop and use even simple distinctions between life and personhood led to flaws in both its discussion of death and its discussion of persistent vegetative patients, and (b) that its treatment of access to health care fails to develop a coherent approach precisely (...)
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  23.  38
    Introduction.Baruch A. Brody - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):345-346.
  24.  21
    Ethical Questions Raised by the Persistent Vegetative Patient.Baruch A. Brody - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):33-37.
  25.  19
    Marriage, Morality, & Sex‐Change Surgery: Four Traditions in Case Ethics.Baruch A. Brody, Richard A. Mccormick, David H. Smith & Stephen Toulmin - 1981 - Hastings Center Report 11 (4):8-13.
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  26.  9
    New Perspectives on Emergency Room Research.Baruch A. Brody - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7-7.
  27.  1
    Kripke on Proper Names.Baruch A. Brody - 1977 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):64-69.
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  28.  95
    De Re and de Dicto Interpretations of Modal Logic or a Return to an Aristotelean Essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1972 - Philosophia 2 (1-2):117-136.
  29.  65
    Towards a Theory of Respect for Persons.Baruch A. Brody - 1982 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 31:61-76.
  30. Surgical Ethics.Laurence B. Mccullough, James W. Jones & Baruch A. Brody - 1998
     
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  31.  22
    Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs.Baruch A. Brody & Udo Schuklenk - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):79-81.
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  32.  6
    In Case of Emergency: No Need for Consent.Baruch A. Brody, J. Katz & A. Dula - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7.
  33.  7
    Research Ethics: International Perspectives.Baruch A. Brody - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):376.
    In recent years, bioethics has increasingly become an international area of inquiry with major contributions being made not only in North America but also in Europe and in the Pacific Rim countries. This general observation is particularly true for research ethics. Little attention has been paid, however, to this internationalization of bioethics in general and research ethics in particular, and there are few studies comparing what has emerged in the different countries.
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  34.  24
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Y. Bar-Hillel, Robert L. Causey, Abraham Robinson, Yaacov Choueka & Baruch A. Brody - 1974 - Philosophia 4 (1):203-221.
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  35.  5
    Index to Volume 20.Carole Bayley, Thomas Bole, Wilfried Boroch, Dieter Cassel, Baruch A. Brody, Amir Halevy, Lisa Sowle Cahill, Alberto Infante Campos & Octavi Quintana Trias - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20:689-693.
  36. RSPCA. Jonathan Balcombe has Been Associate Director for Education in the Animal Research Issues Section of the Humane Society of the United States Since 1993. He has Degrees From York University and Carleton University, Toronto, and a Doctoral Degree in Ethology From the University of Tennessee. [REVIEW]Marc Bekoffis, Bob Bermond, Lynda Birke, Bernice Bovenkerk, Baruch A. Brody & Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - In Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.), The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge.
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  37.  9
    Are Surgical Trials with Negative Results Being Interpreted Correctly?Baruch A. Brody, Carol M. Ashton, Dandan Liu, Youxin Xiong, Xuan Yao & Nelda P. Wray - unknown
    BACKGROUND: Many published accounts of clinical trials report no differences between the treatment arms, while being underpowered to find differences. This study determined how the authors of these reports interpreted their findings. STUDY DESIGN: We examined 54 reports of surgical trials chosen randomly from a database of 110 influential trials conducted in 2008. Seven that reported having adequate statistical power were excluded from further analysis, as were the 32 that reported significant differences between the treatment arms. We examined the remaining (...)
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  38. Bioethics Readings & Cases.Baruch A. Brody & H. Tristram Engelhardt - 1987
     
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  39.  10
    Contents.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - In Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press.
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  40. Conflicts of Interests and the Validity of Clinical Trials.Baruch A. Brody - 1996 - In Roy G. Spece, David S. Shimm & Allen E. Buchanan (eds.), Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Practice and Research. Oxford University Press. pp. 407--417.
     
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  41. Expanding Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest: The Views of Stakeholders.Baruch A. Brody, Cheryl Anderson, S. Van McCrary, Laurence McCullough, Robert Morgan & Nelda Wray - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (1):1.
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  42. For Further Information and/or to Register for the Seminar, Please Write or Call The Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, 1129 Wilkins Blvd., Houston, TX 77030.(713) 797-0600. [REVIEW]Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, John E. Fellers, Amir Halevy, B. Andrew Lustig, Elizabeth Heitman, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, J. Robert Nelson & Stuart Spicker - 1995 - HEC Forum 7:5.
     
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  43.  5
    Four. The Theory Of Change.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - In Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press. pp. 71-83.
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  44.  11
    Five. The Theory Of Essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - In Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press. pp. 84-134.
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  45.  4
    Hardwig on Proxy Decision Making.Baruch A. Brody - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (1):66.
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  46. Index.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - In Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press. pp. 163-165.
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  47. Identity and Essence.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - Princeton University Press.
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  48.  39
    Is There a Philosophical Problem About the Identity of Substances?Baruch A. Brody - 1971 - Philosophia 1 (1-2):43-59.
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  49.  33
    Justice and Competitive Markets.Baruch A. Brody - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (1):37-50.
    This essay challenges the view that the provision of health care must take place within a competitive-free system. The author argues that, presuming that there is a requirement to meet the demands of those who cannot pay for health care, a competitive market provides a good way to deal with injustices within the health care system. The author concludes that the demands for justice are best met when indigent individuals use some portion of the funds they receive from the government (...)
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  50.  16
    Judging Medicine. George J. Annas.Baruch A. Brody - 1989 - Ethics 99 (4):956-956.
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