84 found
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  1.  16
    Identity and Essence.Baruch A. Brody - 1980 - Princeton University Press.
    Baruch Brody contends that the fundamental assumption on which the tradition is based is erroneous and that once this assumption is shown to be in error, all philosophical problems in this area have to be rethought. Originally published in 1980. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and (...)
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  2. The ethics of biomedical research: an international perspective.Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
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  3. Life and death decision making.Baruch A. Brody - 1988 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Integrating theory with case studies, this book examines the practical application of moral theory in clinical decision-making through 40 composite cases based on actual clinical experience. Complex, realistic, and challenging, these examples contain the multiplicity of factors faced in clinical crises, making this a superb exploration of the ways in which theory relates to actual life-or-death situations.
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  4.  22
    Readings in the philosophy of science.Baruch A. Brody - 1970 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,: Prentice-Hall.
    New edition (previously 1971) of an anthology for an undergraduate course. Comprises four parts: theories, explanation and causality, confirmation of scientific hypotheses, selected problems of particular sciences. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  5.  16
    The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective.Charles Weijer & Baruch A. Brody - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (1):47.
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  6. Why settle for anything less than good old-fashioned aristotelian essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1973 - Noûs 7 (4):351-365.
  7. Assessing empirical research in bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).
    Empirical research can aid ethical reflection in bioethics by identifying issues, by seeing how they are currently resolved, and by assessing the consequences of these current resolutions. This potential can be misused when the ethical issues in question are fundamentally non-consequentialist or when they are consequentialist but the empirical research fails to address the important consequences. An example of the former problem is some recent studies about bad consequences resulting from commercialized living kidney donor programs. These consequences could be avoided, (...)
     
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  8.  52
    Abortion and the sanctity of human life: a philosophical view.Baruch A. Brody - 1975 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
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  9.  11
    Taking Issue: Pluralism and Casuistry in Bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 2003 - Georgetown University Press.
    "When it comes to morality as it is practiced in medicine, Brody makes clear that the ethical issues are never as simple as black and white - that there are myriad factors and fine nuances that can and should challenge decision making as it is commonly practiced in difficult medical cases. In this collection, delving thoughtfully and systematically into methodology, research ethics, clinical ethics, and Jewish medical ethics, he tackles thorny life-and-death questions head-on and fearlessly. He casts a light into (...)
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  10.  54
    Readings in the philosophy of religion.Baruch A. Brody - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,: Prentice-Hall.
  11.  16
    Morality, Mortality: Death and Whom to Save from It.Baruch A. Brody & Frances Kamm - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):48.
    Book reviewed in this article: Morality, Mortality: Death and Whom to Save from It. By Frances Kamm.
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  12.  78
    Pharmacogenetics: Ethical issues and policy options.Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: regulatory oversight, confidentiality and privacy, informed consent, availability of drugs, access, and clinicians' changing responsibilities in the era of pharmacogenetic medicine. We (...)
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  13.  20
    Quality of scholarship in bioethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):161-178.
    This paper identifies four major forms of scholarship in bioethics: empirical research, the articulation of mid-level principles of bioethics, the relating of these principles to fundamental moral theories, and discussions of the bioethical implications of legal principles and health delivery policies. It develops a reflective equilibrium approach to the relation between these four forms of scholarship. It then presents, in light of this approach, criteria for quality research in each of these forms of scholarship in bioethics. Keywords: quality of scholarship, (...)
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  14. Intellectual property, state sovereignty, and biotechnology.Baruch A. Brody - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 51-73.
    The issue of biopiracy has attracted considerable attention in recent years. The Convention on Biological Diversity adopted a principle of state sovereignty over biological resources and the genetic information contained within those resources to address this issue. It is argued that this principle has not been adequately justified and that there are other solutions to the issue of biopiracy, based on different theories of justice, that deserve greater consideration. These alternatives include the common heritage of mankind principle and the global (...)
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  15.  11
    Kripke on proper names.Baruch A. Brody - 1977 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):64-69.
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  16.  68
    Kripke on proper names.Baruch A. Brody - 1979 - In A. French Peter, E. Uehling Theodore, Howard Jr & K. Wettstein (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in the Philosophy of Language. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 64-69.
    Kripke has argued that proper names, as rigid designators, cannot be equivalent in meaning to definite descriptions. in this paper, i argue that definite descriptions are sometimes used rigidly and that proper names are equivalent to definite descriptions used rigidly.
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  17.  10
    Making Informed Consent Meaningful.Baruch A. Brody - 2001 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 23 (5):1.
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  18. Conflicts among Multinational Ethical and Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions.Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda P. Wray, Carol M. Ashton, Danielle M. Wenner, Anna F. Jarman & Baruch A. Brody - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):99-121.
    There has been a growing concern over establishing norms that ensure the ethically acceptable and scientifically sound conduct of clinical trials. Among the leading norms internationally are the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki, guidelines by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, the International Conference on Harmonization's standards for industry, and the CONSORT group's reporting norms, in addition to the influential U.S. Federal Common Rule, Food and Drug Administration's body of regulations, and information sheets by the Department of (...)
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  19.  76
    Intellectual property and biotechnology: The U.s. Internal experience--part I.Baruch A. Brody - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):1-37.
    : In the development of biotechnology in the United States, many questions were raised about the appropriateness of applying to this area a traditional robust system of intellectual property rights. Despite these hesitations, the U.S. rejected suggested modifications. This was a mistake, and there is a need to develop a modified system that promotes more of the relevant ethical values.
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  20.  56
    Intellectual property and biotechnology: The U.s. Internal experience--part II.Baruch A. Brody - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):105-128.
    : Continuing the discussion begun in the March 2006 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, this paper further documents the failure of the United States to adequately consider possible modifications in the traditional robust system of intellectual property rights as applied to biotechnology. It discusses concrete suggestions for alternative disclosure requirements, for exemptions for research tools, and for improved access to clinical advances. In each of these cases, the modifications might be more responsive to the full set of (...)
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  21. Intuitions and Objective Moral Knowledge.Baruch A. Brody - 1979 - The Monist 62 (4):446-456.
    Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of philosophical discussion about such concrete moral issues as just war, distribution of food aid, euthanasia, reverse discrimination, etc. Much of this discussion implicitly assumes that there are true and false positions on these issues, valid or invalid arguments for these positions, etc. Recent years have not witnessed, however, a proliferation of philosophical defenses of these assumptions. With the decline of metaethical discussions, these assumptions have remained just assumptions rather than the conclusions of a (...)
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  22.  20
    New Perspectives on Emergency Room Research.Baruch A. Brody, J. Katz & A. Dula - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7-7.
  23.  14
    Surgical Ethics.Laurence B. McCullough, James Wilson Jones & Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This is the first textbook of surgical ethics. It is a practical, clinically comprehenive, well-organized guide to ethical issues in surgical practice, research, and education written by leading figures in surgery and bioethics. The authors cover the surgeon-patient relationship, the full range of surgical patients, surgical education and research, and surgery and managed care. Their chapters are not abstract discussions of ethical principles; rather, they connect directly with the everyday concerns of practicing surgeons.
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  24.  8
    Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind (Intro. by Baruch A. Brody).Thomas Reid & Baruch A. Brody - 1815 - Cambridge, Mass.,: M.I.T. Press. Edited by Baruch A. Brody.
  25.  18
    Do Surgical Trials Meet the Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials.Danielle M. Wenner, Baruch A. Brody, Anna Jarman, Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda Wray & Carol Ashton - 2012 - Journal of the American College of Surgeons 215 (5):722-730.
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  26.  42
    Research Ethics: International Perspectives.Baruch A. Brody - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):376.
    In recent years, bioethics has increasingly become an international area of inquiry with major contributions being made not only in North America but also in Europe and in the Pacific Rim countries. This general observation is particularly true for research ethics. Little attention has been paid, however, to this internationalization of bioethics in general and research ethics in particular, and there are few studies comparing what has emerged in the different countries.
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  27.  30
    Ethical Questions Raised by the Persistent Vegetative Patient.Baruch A. Brody - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (1):33-37.
  28.  50
    Introduction.Baruch A. Brody - 1969 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):345-346.
  29. Hume, Reid, and Kant on causality.Baruch A. Brody - 1976 - In Stephen Francis Barker & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), Thomas Reid: Critical Interpretations. University City Science Center. pp. 3-8.
  30.  41
    The president's commission: The need to be more philosophical.Baruch A. Brody - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):369-383.
    This paper argues, contrary to what has sometimes been claimed, that public commissions need to be more philosophical than they have been in analyzing crucial bioethical issues. It argues (a) that the failure of the President's Commission to develop and use even simple distinctions between life and personhood led to flaws in both its discussion of death and its discussion of persistent vegetative patients, and (b) that its treatment of access to health care fails to develop a coherent approach precisely (...)
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  31. Intellectual property and biotechnology: The european debate.Baruch A. Brody - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):69-110.
    : The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has greatly impacted European debates about the patenting of biotechnology. This essay explores the European experience, in both the European Union and the European Patent Organization. It argues that there has been great confusion surrounding these issues primarily because the Europeans have not developed a general theory about when exclusion from patentability is the best social mechanism for dealing with (...)
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  32.  8
    Bioethics: Readings & Cases.Baruch A. Brody & Hugo Tristram Engelhardt - 1987 - Prentice-Hall.
    This book is the first systematic integrated analysis of ethical issues in health care which combines an introduction to moral theory, a set of readings in health care ethics, and an extensive set of case studies.
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  33.  10
    Expanding Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest: The Views of Stakeholders.Baruch A. Brody, Cheryl Anderson, S. Van McCrary, Laurence McCullough, Robert Morgan & Nelda Wray - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (1):1.
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  34.  62
    Is there a philosophical problem about the identity of substances?Baruch A. Brody - 1971 - Philosophia 1 (1-2):43-59.
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  35.  33
    Marriage, Morality, & Sex‐Change Surgery: Four Traditions in Case Ethics.Baruch A. Brody, Richard A. Mccormick, David H. Smith & Stephen Toulmin - 1981 - Hastings Center Report 11 (4):8-13.
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  36.  21
    New Perspectives on Emergency Room Research.Baruch A. Brody - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (1):7-7.
  37.  25
    The use of halakhic material in discussions of medical ethics.Baruch A. Brody - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (3):317-328.
    In this paper questions are raised about the use of Halakhic material discussions of medical ethics. Three ways in which one might use Halakhic material in such discussions are distinguishes: (a) as a source for ideas about medical ethics which can be defended independently of their origin; (b) as a basis for mandating certain forms of behaviour for members of the Jewish faith; (c) as the basis for claims about the Jewish view on disputed topics in medical ethics. The first (...)
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  38.  13
    Index to Volume 20.Carole Bayley, Thomas Bole, Wilfried Boroch, Dieter Cassel, Baruch A. Brody, Amir Halevy, Lisa Sowle Cahill, Alberto Infante Campos & Octavi Quintana Trias - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20:689-693.
  39.  25
    Are Surgical Trials with Negative Results Being Interpreted Correctly?Baruch A. Brody, Carol M. Ashton, Dandan Liu, Youxin Xiong, Xuan Yao & Nelda P. Wray - unknown
    BACKGROUND: Many published accounts of clinical trials report no differences between the treatment arms, while being underpowered to find differences. This study determined how the authors of these reports interpreted their findings. STUDY DESIGN: We examined 54 reports of surgical trials chosen randomly from a database of 110 influential trials conducted in 2008. Seven that reported having adequate statistical power were excluded from further analysis, as were the 32 that reported significant differences between the treatment arms. We examined the remaining (...)
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  40.  5
    Beginning Philosophy.Baruch A. Brody - 1976 - Prentice-Hall.
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  41.  27
    Contents.Baruch A. Brody - 1981 - In Graeme Forbes (ed.), Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press.
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  42. Conflicts of interests and the validity of clinical trials.Baruch A. Brody - 1996 - In Roy G. Spece, David S. Shimm & Allen E. Buchanan (eds.), Conflicts of Interest in Clinical Practice and Research. Oxford University Press. pp. 407--417.
     
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  43. De re and de dicto interpretations of modal logic or a return to an aristotelean essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1972 - Philosophia 2 (1-2):117-136.
  44.  29
    Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs.Baruch A. Brody & Udo Schuklenk - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):79-81.
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  45.  71
    Freedom and responsibility in genetic testing.Baruch A. Brody - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):343-359.
    Public statements by various international groups emphasize that decisions to undergo genetic screening, either for disease-carrier status or for predisposition-to-disease status, and decisions about the use of the resulting information should be made voluntarily by the party to be screened. For example, the World Medical Association, in its Declaration on the Human Genome Project, says, “One should respect the will of persons screened and their right to decide about participation and about the use of the information obtained.” Giving this principle (...)
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  46.  10
    Four. The Theory Of Change.Baruch A. Brody - 1981 - In Graeme Forbes (ed.), Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press. pp. 71-83.
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  47.  14
    Five. The Theory Of Essentialism.Baruch A. Brody - 1981 - In Graeme Forbes (ed.), Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press. pp. 84-134.
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  48.  6
    Hardwig on Proxy Decision Making.Baruch A. Brody - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (1):66-67.
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  49.  6
    Index.Baruch A. Brody - 1981 - In Graeme Forbes (ed.), Identity and Essence. Princeton University Press. pp. 163-165.
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  50.  42
    Justice and competitive markets.Baruch A. Brody - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (1):37-50.
    This essay challenges the view that the provision of health care must take place within a competitive-free system. The author argues that, presuming that there is a requirement to meet the demands of those who cannot pay for health care, a competitive market provides a good way to deal with injustices within the health care system. The author concludes that the demands for justice are best met when indigent individuals use some portion of the funds they receive from the government (...)
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