Results for 'Baryshnikov Pavel'

757 found
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  1.  7
    Connectionist models of mind: scales and the limits of machine imitation.Pavel Baryshnikov - 2020 - Philosophical Problems of IT and Cyberspace 2 (19):42-58.
    This paper is devoted to some generalizations of explanatory potential of connectionist approaches to theoretical problems of the philosophy of mind. Are considered both strong, and weaknesses of neural network models. Connectionism has close methodological ties with modern neurosciences and neurophilosophy. And this fact strengthens its positions, in terms of empirical naturalistic approaches. However, at the same time this direction inherits weaknesses of computational approach, and in this case all system of anticomputational critical arguments becomes applicable to the connectionst models (...)
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  2.  34
    Cognitive linguistics and philosophy of mind.Pavel Baryshnikov - 2016 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 50 (4):119-134.
    This paper is aimed to analyze some grounds bridging the explanatory gap in philosophy of mind and linguistic sign theory. It's noted that the etymological ties between the notions of “consciousness", “cognition", “sign" are emphasized in the works on cognitive linguistics. This connection rises from the understanding of the symbolic nature of consciousness and the sign of semiosis as the key cognitive process. On the one hand, it is impossible to realize the communication procedures, knowledge, understanding, decisionmaking, orientation and even (...)
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  3. Information, meaning and sense Iin the linguistic process of consciousness.Pavel Baryshnikov - 2012 - Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio.
    In this article the linguistic processes of consciousness are discussed at the informational and semantic levels. The key question is devoted to the distinction between the information, meaning and sense in the physical, logico-semantic and historic levels of brain and consciousness. The principal point runs that the human linguistic process of sense producing takes the variety and indistinctness in the cultural presupposition. The modern theories of philosophy of mind relying on the theories of Soviet psychological school propose some new solutions (...)
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  4.  52
    Critics of Computationalism and semantic aspects of phenomenal consciousness.Baryshnikov Pavel - 2017 - Philosphical Probllems of IT and Cyberspace 12 (2):14-30.
    This article focuses on the methodological basis for the criticism of the computationalism and “computer metaphor” in the philosophy of cognitive sciences. We suppose that the computational paradigm is the direct consequence of the theoretical confusion of phenomenal and cognitive kinds of experience. Cognitive processes, considered as the forms of computational description, are available for computer modelling. That implies the strong position of the computer metaphor in the neuroscience. In our opinion the key problem is the vague ontological nature of (...)
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  5.  3
    Pavel Materna vzpomíná na Luboše Nového.Pavel Materna - 2017 - Studia Philosophica 64 (1):79-80.
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  6. Profesor Pavel Materna slaví životní jubileum.Pavel Materna & Rotislav Niederle - 2005 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 12 (2):176-192.
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  7.  68
    The Foundations of Frege’s Logic.Pavel Tichý - 1988 - De Gruyter.
    Chapter One: Constructions. Entities, constructions, and functions When one travels from Los Angeles to New York, going, say, by way of St. Louis, Chicago, ...
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  8.  73
    Aristotle on the Common Sense.Pavel Gregoric - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    I. The framework. 1, Aristotle's project and methods. 2, The perceptual capacity of the soul. 3, The sensory apparatus. 4, The common sense and the related capacities -- II. The terminology. 1, Overlooked occurrences of the phrase 'common sense'. 2, De anima III.1 425a27. 3, De partibus animalium IV.10 686a31. 4, De memoria et reminiscentia 1 450a10. 5, De anima III.7 431b5. 6, Conclusions on the terminology -- III. Functions of the common sense. 1, Simultaneous perception and cross-modal binding. 2, (...)
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  9. On Popper's Definitions of Verisimilitude.Pavel Tichý - 1974 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):155-160.
    2 Popper's Logical Definition of Verisimilitude. 3 Popper's Probabilistic Definition of Verisimilitude. 4 Conclusion.
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  10.  77
    Verisimilitude Revisited.Pavel Tichý - 1978 - Synthese 38 (2):175 - 196.
    The article offers a rigorous explication of the intuitive notion of verisimilitude, I.E., Of the distance of a theory from the truth. The proposal is defended against charges of material inadequacy made by popper, Niniluoto, And miller.
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  11. Aristotle’s Model of Animal Motion.Pavel Gregoric & Klaus Corcilius - 2013 - Phronesis 58 (1):52-97.
    In this paper we argue that Aristotle operates with a particular theoretical model in his explanation of animal locomotion, what we call the ‘centralized incoming and outgoing motions’ model. We show how the model accommodates more complex cases of animal motion and how it allows Aristotle to preserve the intuition that animals are self-movers, without jeopardizing his arguments for the eternity of motion and the necessary existence of one eternal unmoved mover in Physics VIII. The CIOM model helps to elucidate (...)
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  12.  94
    A Counterexample to the Stalnaker-Lewis Analysis of Counterfactuals.Pavel Tichý - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (4):271 - 273.
  13.  1
    Pavel Florensky’s Theory of Religious Antinomies.Paweł Rojek - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):515-540.
    Pavel Florensky, a Russian theologian, philosopher, and mathematician, argued that the religious discourse is essentially contradictory and put forward the idea of the logical theory of antinomies. Recently his views raised interesting discussions among logicians who consider him a forerunner of many non-classical logics. In this paper I discuss four interpretations of Florensky’s views: paraconsistent, L-contradictory, non-monotonic and rhetorical. In conclusion I argue for the integral interpretation which unites these four approaches.
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  14.  26
    Cuts, Consistency Statements and Interpretations.Pavel Pudlák - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (2):423-441.
  15. Historical progress and involution of ideals / Исторический прогресс и инволюция идеалов.Pavel Simashenkov - 2017
    My book is about the human creativity being a source of progress, and cycling of evolution caused by platitude and triviality of once high-reaching idealism. In essence the book presents an original perception of human history, based on Christian values as vital coordinates system. I hope this book will revive the interest to the Russian school of thoughts and to humanism in general.
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  16.  19
    A Multiple‐Channel Model of Task‐Dependent Ambiguity Resolution in Sentence Comprehension.Pavel Logačev & Shravan Vasishth - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (2):266-298.
    Traxler, Pickering, and Clifton found that ambiguous sentences are read faster than their unambiguous counterparts. This so-called ambiguity advantage has presented a major challenge to classical theories of human sentence comprehension because its most prominent explanation, in the form of the unrestricted race model, assumes that parsing is non-deterministic. Recently, Swets, Desmet, Clifton, and Ferreira have challenged the URM. They argue that readers strategically underspecify the representation of ambiguous sentences to save time, unless disambiguation is required by task demands. When (...)
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  17. Verisimilitude Redefined.Pavel Tichý - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (1):25-42.
    Of two false theories, One can be, Intuitively, Closer to the truth than the other. The purpose of the article is to propose a rigorous explication of this intuitive notion.
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  18.  68
    A New Theory of Subjunctive Conditionals.Pavel Tichý - 1978 - Synthese 37 (3):433 - 457.
    The article offers a rigorous truth condition for subjunctively conditional statements. The theory is framed in the system of transparent intensional logic and takes connections (especially the cause-Effect relation) as basic. Counterexamples are given to rival theories based on the notion of world similarity.
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  19.  6
    Pharmacological Neuroenhancement in the Field of Economics—Poll Results From an Online Survey.Pavel Dietz, Michael Soyka & Andreas G. Franke - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  20. Kripke on Necessity a Posteriori.Pavel Tichý - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 43 (2):225 - 241.
  21.  15
    Making History Philosophical: Kant, Maimon, and the Evolution of the Historiography of Philosophy in the Critical Period.Pavel Reichl - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (3):463-482.
    In this article I explore Maimon’s role in the evolution of Kant’s understanding of the function of the history of philosophy in philosophical enquiry. Kant is often viewed as holding an ambivalent...
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  22.  59
    Neuronal Mechanisms of Conscious Awareness.Pavel Ortinski & Kimford J. Meador - 2004 - Archives of Neurology 61 (7):1017-1020.
  23.  18
    Governance of Eco-Labels: Expert Opinion and Media Coverage.Pavel Castka & Charles J. Corbett - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (2):309-326.
    “Eco-labels” are an increasingly important form of private regulation for sustainability in areas such as carbon emissions, water consumption, ethical sourcing, or organic produce. The growing interest and popularity of eco-labels has also been coupled with growing concerns about their credibility, in part because the standard-setting and conformity assessment practices that eco-labels adopt exhibit striking differences. In this paper, we assess which assurance practices contribute to eco-labels being perceived as better governed, in the eyes of experts as well as the (...)
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  24. Lower Bounds for Resolution and Cutting Plane Proofs and Monotone Computations.Pavel Pudlák - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):981-998.
    We prove an exponential lower bound on the length of cutting plane proofs. The proof uses an extension of a lower bound for monotone circuits to circuits which compute with real numbers and use nondecreasing functions as gates. The latter result is of independent interest, since, in particular, it implies an exponential lower bound for some arithmetic circuits.
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  25.  7
    Knowing-How Under Uncertainty.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 276:41-56.
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  26. Aristotle's Notion of Experience.Pavel Gregorić & Filip Grgić - 2006 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (1):1-30.
    Aristotle's notion of experience plays an important role in his epistemology as the link between perception and memory on the one side, and higher cognitive capacities on the other side. However, Aristotle does not say much about it, and what he does say seems inconsistent. Notably, some passages suggest that it is a non-rational capacity, others that it is a rational capacity and that it provides the principles of science. This paper presents a unitary account of experience. It explains how (...)
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  27.  48
    An Approach to Intensional Analysis.Pavel Tichý - 1971 - Noûs 5 (3):273-297.
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  28.  17
    Marketing Impact on Diffusion in Social Networks.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 20:49-74.
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  29.  19
    Pavel Florensky on Space and Time.Michael Chase - 2015 - Schole 9 (1):105-118.
    An investigation of the views on space and time of the Russian polymath Pavel Florensky. After a brief account of his life, I study Florensky’s conception of time in The Meaning of Idealism, where he first confronts Einstein’s theory of special relativity, comparing it to Plato’s metaphor of the Cave and Goethe’s myth of the Mothers. Later, in his Analysis of spatiality and time, Florensky speaks of a person’s biography as a four-dimensional unity, in which the temporal coordinate is (...)
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  30.  55
    Questions, Answers, and Logic.Pavel Tichy - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):275 - 284.
  31.  39
    Rationally Functional Dependence.Pavel Naumov & Brittany Nicholls - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):603-616.
    Two different types of functional dependencies are compared: dependencies that are functional due to the laws of nature and dependencies that are functional if all involved agents behave rationally. The first type of dependencies was axiomatized by Armstrong. This article gives a formal definition of the second type of functional dependencies in terms of strategic games and describes a sound and complete axiomatization of their properties. The axiomatization is significantly different from the Armstrong’s axioms.
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  32.  40
    Incompleteness in the Finite Domain.Pavel Pudlák - 2017 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 23 (4):405-441.
    Motivated by the problem of finding finite versions of classical incompleteness theorems, we present some conjectures that go beyond NP ≠ coNP. These conjectures formally connect computational complexity with the difficulty of proving some sentences, which means that high computational complexity of a problem associated with a sentence implies that the sentence is not provable in a weak theory, or requires a long proof. Another reason for putting forward these conjectures is that some results in proof complexity seem to be (...)
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  33.  5
    Roar of a Champion: Loudness and Voice Pitch Predict Perceived Fighting Ability but Not Success in MMA Fighters.Pavel Šebesta, Vít Třebický, Jitka Fialová & Jan Havlíček - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  20
    A Lower Bound for Intuitionistic Logic.Pavel Hrubeš - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 (1):72-90.
    We give an exponential lower bound on the number of proof-lines in intuitionistic propositional logic, IL, axiomatised in the usual Frege-style fashion; i.e., we give an example of IL-tautologies A1,A2,… s.t. every IL-proof of Ai must have a number of proof-lines exponential in terms of the size of Ai. We show that the results do not apply to the system of classical logic and we obtain an exponential speed-up between classical and intuitionistic logic.
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  35.  3
    An Application of Fluid Mobility Attribute for Permeability Prognosis in the Crosswell Space with Compensation of the Reservoir Thickness Variations.Pavel Rusakov, Gennady Goloshubin, Yury Tcimbaluk & Irina Privalova - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (2):T157-T165.
    We have considered a permeability prognosis in the crosswell space within the Middle Jurassic [Formula: see text] Formation in the southern part of Western Siberia. The prognosis was based on core measurements, well log analysis, and seismic attribute calculations. We have estimated the formation permeability in the wells, calculated seismic attribute proportional to fluid mobility from the 3D seismic data, and eliminated the influence of the reservoir thickness variations. The correlation between appropriate seismic attribute values and [Formula: see text] formation (...)
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  36.  58
    Constructions.Pavel Tichy - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (4):514-534.
    The paper deals with the semantics of mathematical notation. In arithmetic, for example, the syntactic shape of a formula represents a particular way of specifying, arriving at, or constructing an arithmetical object (that is, a number, a function, or a truth value). A general definition of this sense of "construction" is proposed and compared with related notions, in particular with Frege's concept of "function" and Carnap's concept of "intensional isomorphism." It is argued that constructions constitute the proper subject matter of (...)
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  37.  18
    Skeptical Challenges to International Law.Carmen E. Pavel & David Lefkowitz - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (8):e12511.
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  38. Power, Manipulation and Control in a Community of Inquiry.Pavel Lushyn & David Kennedy - 2003 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 23 (2):103-110.
     
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  39.  45
    Indiscernibility of Identicals.Pavel Tichý - 1986 - Studia Logica 45 (3):251 - 273.
    It is well known that the manner in which a definitely descriptive term contributes to the meaning of a sentence depends on the place the term occupies in the sentence. A distinction is accordingly drawn between ordinary contexts and contexts variously termed non-referential, intensional, oblique, or opaque. The aim of the present article is to offer a general account of the phenomenon, based on transparent intensional logic. It turns out that on this approach there is no need to say (as (...)
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  40.  14
    On Lengths of Proofs in Non-Classical Logics.Pavel Hrubeš - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 157 (2-3):194-205.
    We give proofs of the effective monotone interpolation property for the system of modal logic K, and others, and the system IL of intuitionistic propositional logic. Hence we obtain exponential lower bounds on the number of proof-lines in those systems. The main results have been given in [P. Hrubeš, Lower bounds for modal logics, Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 941–958; P. Hrubeš, A lower bound for intuitionistic logic, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 72–90]; here, we give considerably simplified (...)
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  41.  48
    Intension in Terms of Turing Machines.Pavel Tichý - 1969 - Studia Logica 24 (1):7 - 25.
  42.  9
    Aleksander Iz Afrodizijade o Skupnem Čutu.Pavel Gregorić - 2017 - Filozofski Vestnik 38 (1).
    Aristotel je vpeljal pojem skupnega čuta, zaznavno zmožnost višjega reda, ki združuje in nadzoruje posamezne čute. Osnovni namen prispevka je predstaviti, kako je skupni čut in njegove funkcije razumel Aristotelov najodličnejši antični komentator Aleksander iz Afrodizijade. Avtor je pri tem pozoren na Aleksandrovo ujemanje z Aristotelom ali odmikanje od njega, opozarja pa tudi na njegove prispevke k problematiki. Drugi cilj prispevka je obravnava enega posebnega odmika, ki je prevladoval v kasnejših razlagah Aristotelovega pojma skupnega čuta, tj. analogije med skupnim čutom (...)
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  43.  63
    Existence and God.Pavel Tichy - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (8):403-420.
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  44.  2
    Together We Know How to Achieve: An Epistemic Logic of Know-How.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence 262:279-300.
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  45.  60
    The Logic of Temporal Discourse.Pavel Tichý - 1979 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (3):343 - 369.
  46.  54
    Subjunctive Conditionals: Two Parameters Vs. Three.Pavel Tichý - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 45 (2):147 - 179.
  47. Alternating Minima and Maxima, Nash Equilibria and Bounded Arithmetic.Pavel Pudlák & Neil Thapen - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (5):604-614.
  48.  65
    De Dicto and de Re.Pavel Tichý - 1978 - Philosophia 8 (1):1-16.
  49.  36
    Aristotle's Physiology of Animal Motion: On Neura and Muscles.Pavel Gregoric & Martin Kuhar - 2014 - Apeiron 47 (1):6390.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  50.  59
    The Transiency of Truth.Pavel Tichý - 1980 - Theoria 46 (2-3):165-182.
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