Results for 'Bas Aarts'

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  1. Syntactic Gradience: The Nature of Grammatical Indeterminacy.Bas Aarts - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be defined and differentiated. Professor Aarts addresses the tension between linguistic concepts and the continuous phenomena they describe by testing and categorizing grammatical vagueness and indeterminacy. He considers to what extent gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of (...)
     
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  2. Fuzzy Grammar: A Reader.Bas Aarts, David Denison, Evelien Keizer & Gergana Popova (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book brings together classic and recent papers in the philosophical and linguistic analysis of fuzzy grammar, gradience in meaning, word classes, and syntax. Issues such as how many grains make a heap, when a puddle becomes a pond, and so forth, have occupied thinkers since Aristotle and over the last two decades been the subject of increasing interest among linguists as well as in fields such as artificial intelligence and computational linguistics. The work is designed to be of use (...)
     
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  3.  2
    Figurative Uses of the Head-Denoting Words Baş and Kafa in Turkish Idioms.Melike Baş - 2017 - Pragmatics and Cognition 24 (2):138-163.
    This study analyzes the metaphoric and metonymic nature of baş/kafa ‘head’ in Turkish idiomatic expressions from a cognitive linguistic perspective. The database for the study is composed of idioms containing the two head-denoting words baş and kafa. Idioms and their definitions are analyzed in terms of their figurative uses of abstract concepts, and the conceptual metaphors and metonymies are identified. Findings are examined under five categories: head as the representative of the person, the seat of mental faculties, the locus of (...)
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  4.  5
    Figurative Uses of the Head-Denoting Words Baş and Kafa in Turkish Idioms.Melike Baş - 2018 - Pragmatics Cognition 24 (2):138-163.
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  5.  24
    Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Aarts, Bas, David Denison, Evelyn Keizer, and Gergana Popova (Eds), Fuzzy Grammar: A Reader, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, Pp. Vii+ 526. Aronson, Ronald, Camus and Sartre: The Story of a Friendship and the Quarrel That Ended It, Chicago, Il: University of Chicago Press, 2004, Pp. X+ 291,£ 23.00, $32.50. [REVIEW]Human Knowledge - 2004 - Mind 113:451.
  6.  54
    On the Inference of Personal Authorship: Enhancing Experienced Agency by Priming Effect Information☆.Henk Aarts, Ruud Custers & Daniel M. Wegner - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):439-458.
    Three experiments examined whether the mere priming of potential action effects enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur. In a computer task, participants and the computer independently moved a rapidly moving square on a display. Participants had to press a key, thereby stopping the movement. However, the participant or the computer could have caused the square to stop on the observed position, and accordingly, the stopped position of the square could be conceived of as the potential effect (...)
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  7.  22
    Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW]Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees van Woerkum - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.
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  8.  38
    Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW]Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees Van Woerkum - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.The perceptions of the interviewed farmersare quite consistent and without exceptionpositive: according to them, (...)
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  9.  30
    When Moving Without Volition: Implied Self-Causation Enhances Binding Strength Between Involuntary Actions and Effects.Myrthel Dogge, Marloes Schaap, Ruud Custers, Daniel M. Wegner & Henk Aarts - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):501-506.
    The conscious awareness of voluntary action is associated with systematic changes in time perception: The interval between actions and outcomes is experienced as compressed in time. Although this temporal binding is thought to result from voluntary movement and provides a window to the sense of agency, recent studies challenge this idea by demonstrating binding in involuntary movement. We offer a potential account for these findings by proposing that binding between involuntary actions and effects can occur when self-causation is implied. Participants (...)
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  10.  6
    Priming Determinist Beliefs Diminishes Implicit Components of Self-Agency.Margaret T. Lynn, Paul S. Muhle-Karbe, Henk Aarts & Marcel Brass - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  11. Effects of Subliminal Priming of Self and God on Self-Attribution of Authorship for Events.Daniel Wegner, Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J. & H. Aarts - manuscript
  12.  33
    Unconscious Reward Cues Increase Invested Effort, but Do Not Change Speed–Accuracy Tradeoffs.Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):330-335.
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  13.  4
    Why Most Dieters Fail but Some Succeed: A Goal Conflict Model of Eating Behavior.Wolfgang Stroebe, Guido M. van Koningsbruggen, Esther K. Papies & Henk Aarts - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (1):110-138.
  14.  4
    A Matter of Matching: How Goals and Primes Affect Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Kirsten I. Ruys & Henk Aarts - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):954-966.
  15.  35
    Learning of Predictive Relations Between Events Depends on Attention, Not on Awareness.Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):368-378.
    It is generally assumed that storing predictive relations between two events in memory as bi-directional associations does not require conscious awareness of this relation, whereas the formation of unidirectional associations that capture the direction of the relation does. This study reports a set of experiments demonstrating that unidirectional associations can be formed even when awareness of the relation is actively prevented, if attention is “tuned” to process predictive relations. When participants engaged in predicting targets based on cues in an unrelated (...)
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  16.  22
    Evidence for the Automatic Evaluation of Self-Generated Actions.Kristien Aarts, Jan De Houwer & Gilles Pourtois - 2012 - Cognition 124 (2):117-127.
  17.  37
    Reflecting on the Action or its Outcome: Behavior Representation Level Modulates High Level Outcome Priming Effects on Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):21-32.
    Recent research suggests that one can have the feeling of being the cause of an action’s outcome, even in the absence of a prior intention to act. That is, experienced self-agency over behavior increases when outcome representations are primed outside of awareness, prior to executing the action and observing the resulting outcome. Based on the notion that behavior can be represented at different levels, we propose that priming outcome representations is more likely to augment self-agency experiences when the primed representation (...)
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  18.  8
    A Model for Communication About Longshot Treatments in the Context of Early Access to Unapproved, Investigational Drugs.Eline M. Bunnik & Nikkie Aarts - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):34-36.
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  19. The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications.Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 77-106.
  20.  7
    Uncovering Effects of Self-Control and Stimulus-Driven Action Selection on the Sense of Agency.Yuru Wang, Tom G. E. Damen & Henk Aarts - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:245-253.
  21.  15
    Prime and Probability: Causal Knowledge Affects Inferential and Predictive Effects on Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1865-1871.
    Experiences of having caused a certain outcome may arise from motor predictions based on action–outcome probabilities and causal inferences based on pre-activated outcome representations. However, when and how both indicators combine to affect such self-agency experiences is still unclear. Based on previous research on prediction and inference effects on self-agency, we propose that their contribution crucially depends on whether people have knowledge about the causal relation between actions and outcomes that is relevant to subsequent self-agency experiences. Therefore, we manipulated causal (...)
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  22.  30
    Boosting or Choking – How Conscious and Unconscious Reward Processing Modulate the Active Maintenance of Goal-Relevant Information.Claire M. Zedelius, Harm Veling & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):355-362.
    Two experiments examined similarities and differences in the effects of consciously and unconsciously perceived rewards on the active maintenance of goal-relevant information. Participants could gain high and low monetary rewards for performance on a word span task. The reward value was presented supraliminally or subliminally at different stages during the task. In Experiment 1, rewards were presented before participants processed the target words. Enhanced performance was found in response to higher rewards, regardless whether they were presented supraliminally or subliminally. In (...)
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  23. Non-Conscious Goal Pursuit and the Effortful Control of Behavior.Ran R. Hassin, Henk Aarts, Baruch Eitam, Ruud Custers & Tali Kleiman - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
  24.  4
    Increasing Reproducibility and Interpretability of Microbiota-Gut-Brain Studies on Human Neurocognition and Intermediary Microbial Metabolites.Esther Aarts & Sahar El Aidy - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    In this commentary, we point to guidelines for performing human neuroimaging studies and their reporting in microbiota-gut-brain articles. Moreover, we provide a view on interpretational issues in MGB studies, with a specific focus on gut microbiota–derived metabolites. Thus, extending the target article, we provide recommendations to the field to increase reproducibility and relevance of this type of MGB study.
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  25.  7
    Adaptive Reward Pursuit: How Effort Requirements Affect Unconscious Reward Responses and Conscious Reward Decisions.Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (4):728-742.
  26.  9
    Cortical Information Flow During Inferences of Agency.Myrthel Dogge, Dennis Hofman, Maria Boersma, H. Chris Dijkerman & Henk Aarts - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  27.  10
    There is a Fire Burning in My Heart: The Role of Causal Attribution in Affect Transfer.Masanori Oikawa, Henk Aarts & Haruka Oikawa - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):156-163.
  28.  4
    Unintentional Preparation of Motor Impulses After Incidental Perception of Need-Rewarding Objects.Harm Veling & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (6):1131-1138.
  29.  2
    Attentional Control and Inferences of Agency: Working Memory Load Differentially Modulates Goal-Based and Prime-Based Agency Experiences.Robert A. Renes, Neeltje E. M. van Haren & Henk Aarts - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:38-49.
  30.  62
    Goal-Directed Behavior.Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.) - 2012 - Psychology Press.
    This volume presents chapters from internationally renowned scholars in the area of goals and social behavior.
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  31.  2
    The Role of Intentional Strength in Shaping the Sense of Agency.Samantha Antusch, Henk Aarts & Ruud Custers - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32.  34
    Perceiving an Exclusive Cause of Affect Prevents Misattribution.Kirsten I. Ruys, Henk Aarts, Esther K. Papies, Masanori Oikawa & Haruka Oikawa - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1009-1015.
    Affect misattribution occurs when affective cues color subsequent unrelated evaluations. Research suggests that affect misattribution decreases when one is aware that affective cues are unrelated to the evaluation at hand. We propose that affect misattribution may even occur when one is aware that affective cues are irrelevant, as long as the source of these cues seems ambiguous. When source ambiguity exists, affective cues may freely influence upcoming unrelated evaluations. We examined this using an adapted affect misattribution procedure where pleasant and (...)
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  33.  23
    Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent.Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris de Ruyter & Emile Aarts - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
  34.  35
    Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent. [REVIEW]Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris Ruyter & Emile Aarts - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
    This paper describes a study of the effects of two acts of social intelligence, namely mimicry and social praise, when used by an artificial social agent. An experiment ( N = 50) is described which shows that social praise—positive feedback about the ongoing conversation—increases the perceived friendliness of a chat-robot. Mimicry—displaying matching behavior—enhances the perceived intelligence of the robot. We advice designers to incorporate both mimicry and social praise when their system needs to function as a social actor. Different ways (...)
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  35. Control, Consciousness, and Agency.Ap Dijksterhuis & Henk Aarts - 2012 - In Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.), Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press.
  36.  6
    Coût d’opportunité versus coût du maintien des potentialités écologiques : deux indicateurs économiques pour mesurer les coûts de l’érosion de la biodiversité.Harold Levrel, Julien Hay, Adeline Bas, Pascal Gastineau & Sylvain Pioch - 2012 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 20 (1):16-29.
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  37. Metaphor and Non-Metaphor: The Semantics of Adjective Noun Combinations.Jan M. G. Aarts - 1979 - Niemeyer.
  38.  22
    Non‐Associative Lambek Categorial Grammar in Polynomial Time.Erik Aarts & Kees Trautwein - 1995 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):476-484.
    We present a new axiomatization of the non-associative Lambek calculus. We prove that it takes polynomial time to reduce any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar to an equivalent context-free grammar. Since it is possible to recognize a sentence generated by a context-free grammar in polynomial time, this proves that a sentence generated by any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar can be recognized in polynomial time.
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  39.  75
    Proving Theorems of the Second Order Lambek Calculus in Polynomial Time.Erik Aarts - 1994 - Studia Logica 53 (3):373 - 387.
    In the Lambek calculus of order 2 we allow only sequents in which the depth of nesting of implications is limited to 2. We prove that the decision problem of provability in the calculus can be solved in time polynomial in the length of the sequent. A normal form for proofs of second order sequents is defined. It is shown that for every proof there is a normal form proof with the same axioms. With this normal form we can give (...)
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  40.  74
    Associations Between Psychologists' Thinking Styles and Accuracy on a Diagnostic Classification Task.Alexander A. Aarts, Cilia L. M. Witteman, Pierre M. Souren & Jos I. M. Egger - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):119-130.
    The present study investigated whether individual differences between psychologists in thinking styles are associated with accuracy in diagnostic classification. We asked novice and experienced clinicians to classify two clinical cases of clients with two co-occurring psychological disorders. No significant difference in diagnostic accuracy was found between the two groups, but when combining the data from novices and experienced psychologists accuracy was found to be negatively associated with certain decision making strategies and with a higher self-assessed ability and preference for a (...)
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  41.  17
    İlkokul Öğrencilerinin Okudukları Peri Masallarında Metinler Arası İlişkilerin İ.Özlem BAŞ - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 3):479-479.
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  42.  48
    Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands. [REVIEW]Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  43.  10
    Vaftizci Yahya'nın Yeni Bir Hayat Hik'yesi.Alphonse Mingana & Çev Mustafa Baş - 2016 - Dini Araştırmalar 19 (48).
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  44.  2
    An Examination of the Sequential Trial Effect on Experiences of Agency in the Simon Task.Yuru Wang, Tom G. E. Damen & Henk Aarts - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 66:17-25.
  45.  8
    A Novel of a Generation of Western-Admirers: Servet-I Funun Novel.Selma BAŞ - 2010 - Journal of Turkish Studies 5:313-362.
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  46.  8
    XVIII-XIX. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Gebze.Yaşar BAŞ - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 5):101-126.
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  47.  20
    Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts’ Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands.Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  48.  6
    Hekimhan Köprülü Mehmed Paşa Külliyesi.Yaşar BAŞ - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 16):13-13.
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  49. In a Word, is Not the Subliminal Self Superior to the Conscious Self?—Henri Poincare.Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 77.
     
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  50.  8
    Beware the Reward – How Conscious Processing of Rewards Impairs Active Maintenance Performance.Claire M. Zedelius, Harm Veling & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):366-367.
    Recently, we showed that conscious and unconscious rewards affect the active maintenance of goal-relevant information differently. Here, we elaborate on the mechanisms enabling the boosting or disrupting effects of consciously processed high rewards, and discuss a few methodological and theoretical implications that may be worth considering in future research on the role of reward processing in working memory performance.
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