146 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Bas C. Van Fraassen [146]Bas C. van Fraassen [1]
See also
Profile: Bas C. van Fraassen (San Francisco State University)
  1. The Scientific Image.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1980 - Oxford University Press.
    In this book van Fraassen develops an alternative to scientific realism by constructing and evaluating three mutually reinforcing theories.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   262 citations  
  2.  48
    Belief and the Will.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2010 - In Antony Eagle (ed.), Journal of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 235-256.
  3. Laws and Symmetry.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    Metaphysicians speak of laws of nature in terms of necessity and universality; scientists, in terms of symmetry and invariance. In this book van Fraassen argues that no metaphysical account of laws can succeed. He analyzes and rejects the arguments that there are laws of nature, or that we must believe there are, and argues that we should disregard the idea of law as an adequate clue to science. After exploring what this means for general epistemology, the author develops the empiricist (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   123 citations  
  4. Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
  5.  40
    The Empirical Stance.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2002 - Yale University Press.
    What is empiricism and what could it be? Bas C. van Fraassen, one of the world's foremost contributors to philosophical logic and the philosophy of science, here undertakes a fresh consideration of these questions and offers a program for renewal of the empiricist tradition. The empiricist tradition is not and could not be defined by common doctrines but embodies a certain stance in philosophy, van Fraassen says. This stance is displayed first of all in a searing recurrent critique of metaphysics, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   38 citations  
  6. Structure: Its Shadow and Substance.C. van Fraassen Bas - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):275-307.
    Structural realism as developed by John Worrall and others can claim philosophical roots as far back as the late 19th century, though the discussion at that time does not unambiguously favor the contemporary form, or even its realism. After a critical examination of some aspects of the historical background some severe critical challenges to both Worrall's and Ladyman's versions are highlighted, and an alternative empiricist structuralism proposed. Support for this empiricist version is provided in part by the different way in (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   25 citations  
  7. Belief and the Problem of Ulysses and the Sirens.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (1):7-37.
    This is surely a bit of Socrates' famous irony. He draws the analogy to explain how his friends should regard poetry as they regretfully banish it from the ideal state. But lovers were no more sensible then than they are now. The advice to banish poetry, undermined already by Plato's own delight and skill in drama, is perhaps undermined still further by this evocation of a 'sensible' lover who counts love so well lost. Yet Socrates' image is one of avowed (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   49 citations  
  8.  93
    The Perils of Perrin, in the Hands of Philosophers.C. van Fraassen Bas - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (1):5 - 24.
    The story of how Perrin’s experimental work established the reality of atoms and molecules has been a staple in (realist) philosophy of science writings (Wesley Salmon, Clark Glymour, Peter Achinstein, Penelope Maddy, …). I’ll argue that how this story is told distorts both what the work was and its significance, and draw morals for the understanding of how theories can be or fail to be empirically grounded.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  9.  47
    Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    After introducing the empiricist point of view in philosophy of science, and the concepts and methods of the semantic approach to scientific theories, van Fraassen discusses quantum theory in three stages. He first examines the question of whether and how empirical phenomena require a non-classical theory, and what sort of theory they require. He then discusses the mathematical foundations of quantum theory with special reference to developments in the modelling of interaction, composite systems, and measurement. Finally, the author broaches the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   29 citations  
  10. Structure: Its Substance and Shadow.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):275.
    On December 9, 1908 Max Planck addressed the Student Corps of the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the University of Leiden. His announced topic was _ The Unity of the Physical World-Picture _, but the real intent was a polemic against a whole bevy of famous scientists who had turned against realism in the past fifty years. The debate concerning how science represents nature, and specifically whether it represents more than solely structural aspects of the phenomena, had begun earlier in (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  11.  81
    One or Two Gentle Remarks About Hans Halvorson's Critique of the Semantic View.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (2):276-283,.
  12. Singular Terms, Truth-Value Gaps, and Free Logic.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (17):481-495.
  13. Constructive Empiricism Now.C. van Fraassen Bas - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 106 (1-2):151 - 170.
    Constructive empiricism, the view introduced in The Scientific Image, is a view of science, an answer to the question "what is science?" Arthur Fine's and Paul Teller's contributions to this symposium challenge especially two key ideas required to formulate that view, namely the observable/unobservable and acceptance/belief distinctions. I wish to thank them not only for their insightful critique but also for the support they include. For they illuminate and counter some misunderstandings of Constructive Empiricism along the way. That leaves me (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   17 citations  
  14.  28
    Theory Construction and Experiment: An Empiricist View.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:663-678.
    This paper focuses on the empiricism/realism debate. The initial portion of the paper is a short sketch of the nature of the enterprise of philosophy of science. What are taken as empiricist views on theory construction and experiment are described. The paper concludes with a simple recasting of the main points at issue in the empiricism/realism debate.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Representation: The Problem for Structuralism.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):536-547.
    What does it mean to embed the phenomena in an abstract structure? Or to represent them by doing so? The semantic view of theories runs into a severe problem if these notions are construed either naively, in a metaphysical way, or too closely on the pattern of the earlier syntactic view. Constructive empiricism and structural realism will then share those difficulties. The problem will be posed as in Reichenbach's The Theory of Relativity and A Priori Knowledge, and realist reactions will (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  16.  26
    On the Radical Incompleteness of the Manifest Image.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:335-343.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  29
    Replies to Discussion on the Empirical Stance.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 121 (2).
  18.  53
    Fine-Grained Opinion, Probability, and the Logic of Full Belief.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):349-377.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  19.  69
    Identity Over Time: Objectively, Subjectively.Bas C. van Fraassen & Isabelle Peschard - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):15-35.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  20. Conditionalization, a New Argument For.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1999 - Topoi 18 (2):93-96.
    Probabilism in epistemology does not have to be of the Bayesian variety. The probabilist represents a person''s opinion as a probability function; the Bayesian adds that rational change of opinion must take the form of conditionalizing on new evidence. I will argue that this is the correct procedure under certain special conditions. Those special conditions are important, and instantiated for example in scientific experimentation, but hardly universal. My argument will be related to the much maligned Reflection Principle (van Fraassen, 1984, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  21.  37
    On the Extension of Beth's Semantics of Physical Theories.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (3):325-339.
    A basic aim of E. Beth's work in philosophy of science was to explore the use of formal semantic methods in the analysis of physical theories. We hope to show that a general framework for Beth's semantic analysis is provided by the theory of semi-interpreted languages, introduced in a previous paper. After developing Beth's analysis of nonrelativistic physical theories in a more general form, we turn to the notion of the 'logic' of a physical theory. Here we prove a result (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   40 citations  
  22. Presupposition, Implication, and Self-Reference.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (5):136-152.
  23.  18
    Updating Probability: Tracking Statistics as Criterion.C. Van Fraassen Bas & Y. Halpern Joseph - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv027.
    For changing opinion, represented by an assignment of probabilities to propositions, the criterion proposed is motivated by the requirement that the assignment should have, and maintain, the possibility of matching in some appropriate sense statistical proportions in a population. This ‘tracking’ criterion implies limitations on policies for updating in response to a wide range of types of new input. Satisfying the criterion is shown equivalent to the principle that the prior must be a convex combination of the possible posteriors. Furthermore, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  78
    Values and the Heart's Command.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (1):5-19.
  25. `World' is Not a Count Noun.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1995 - Noûs 29 (2):139-157.
    The word "world" has in fact many ordinary uses as a count noun; I shall discuss some of them below.(2) There is however also a distinctive philosophical use found in recent ontology (in the sense in which Quine reintroduced this term in analytic philosophy, for theories about what there is). As to this philosophical use, I shall argue that there is no reason to think that it refers to anything, if indeed it is intelligible at all.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  26. Science as Representation: Flouting the Criteria.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):794-804.
    Criteria of adequacy for scientific representation of the phenomena pertain to accuracy and truth. But that representation is selective and may require distortion even in the selected parameters; this point is intimately connected with the fact that representation is intentional, and its adequacy relative to its particular purpose. Since observation and measurement are perspectival and the appearances to be saved are perspectival measurement outcomes, the question whether this “saving” is an explanatory relation provides a new focus for the realist/antirealist debate. (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  27.  34
    A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers in Probability Kinematics.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):375-379.
  28.  91
    Facts and Tautological Entailments.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (15):477-487.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   23 citations  
  29.  68
    Modeling and Measurement: The Criterion of Empirical Grounding.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):773-784.
  30.  11
    The Logic of Conditional Obligation.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1972 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):417.
  31. The Agnostic Subtly Probabilified.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1998 - Analysis 58 (3):212–220.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  32.  8
    Representational of Conditional Probabilities.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1976 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (3):417-430.
  33.  29
    Vague Expectation Value Loss.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 127 (3):483 - 491.
    Vague subjective probability may be modeled by means of a set of probability functions, so that the represented opinion has only a lower and upper bound. The standard rule of conditionalization can be straightforwardly adapted to this. But this combination has difficulties which, though well known in the technical literature, have not been given sufficient attention in probabilist or Bayesian epistemology. Specifically, updating on apparently irrelevant bits of news can be destructive of one’s explicitly prior expectations. Stability of vague subjective (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  34.  59
    The Pragmatics of Explanation.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (2):143-150.
  35. Rovelli's World.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (4):390-417.
    Carlo Rovelli’s inspiring “Relational Quantum Mechanics” serves several aims at once: it provides a new vision of what the world of quantum mechanics is like, and it offers a program to derive the theory’s formalism from a set of simple postulates pertaining to information processing. I propose here to concentrate entirely on the former, to explore the world of quantum mechanics as Rovelli depicts it. It is a fascinating world in part because of Rovelli’s reliance on the information-theory approach to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36. Putnam's Paradox: Metaphysical Realism Revamped and Evaded.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1997 - Philosophical Perspectives 11 (s11):17-42.
    Hilary Putnam's argument against metaphysical realism (commonly referred to as the "model theoretic argument") has now enjoyed two decades of discussion.(1) The text is rich and contains variously construable arguments against variously construed philosophical positions. David Lewis isolated one argument and called it "Putnam's Paradox".(2) That argument is clear and concise; so is the paradoxical conclusion it purports to demonstrate; and so is Lewis' paradox-avoiding solution. His solution involves a position I call "anti-nominalism": not only are classes real, but they (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  37. From Vicious Circle to Infinite Regress, and Back Again.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:6-29.
    The attempt to formulate a viable empiricist and non-foundationalist epistemology of science faces four problems here confronted. The first is an apparent loss of objectivity in science, in the conditions of use of models in applied science. The second derives from the theory-infection of scientific language, with an apparent loss of objective conditions of truth and reference. The third, often cited as objection to The Scientific Image, is the apparent theory-dependence of the distinction between what is and is not observable. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  38. Reply to Contessa, Ghins, and Healey.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):547-556.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  39. The Only Necessity is Verbal Necessity.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):71-85.
  40. Against Transcendental Empiricism.Bas C. van Fraassen - unknown -
    What is empiricism? There can be no authoritative answer to any such question. A historian of philosophy can at best try to call what is common to philosophers who either identified themselves, or have traditionally been identified, as empiricists. But what has set those philosophers apart from others, and especially from those whom they criticized, may not be captured in common views or doctrines. The historian may, in trying to fix the label, rely tacitly on a view of what philosophical (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  17
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1970 - Columbia University Press.
  42.  9
    Symmetry Arguments in Probability Kinematics.R. I. G. Hughes & C. van Fraassen Bas - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:851-869.
    Probability kinematics is the theory of how subjective probabilities change with time, in response to certain constraints . Rules are classified by the imposed constraints for which the rules prescribe a procedure for updating one's opinion. The first is simple conditionalization , and the second Jeffrey conditionalization . It is demonstrated by a symmetry argument that these rules are the unique admissible rules for those constraints, and moreover, that any probability kinematic rule must be equivalent to a conditionalization preceded by (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. To Save the Phenomena.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (18):623-632.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  44.  96
    Scientific Structuralism: Structuralism(s) About Science: Some Common Problems.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):45–61.
  45.  37
    Meaning Relations Among Predicates.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1967 - Noûs 1 (2):161-179.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   18 citations  
  46. On McMullin's Appreciation of Realism Concerning the Sciences.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (3):479-492.
    Constructive empiricism is indeed set squarely within a common sense realism that was foreign to much of the empiricist tradition. But I do not see this common sense realism, which I take myself to share with many scientific realists, as harboring or leading to scientific realism. That is in part because of the way I separate the opposition between empiricist and realist understanding of science from other issues that divide us in epistemology. This discussion brought to light our quite different (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. The World of Empiricism.Bas C. van Fraassen - unknown -
    Bas C. van Fraassen                          Princeton University       My topics today are the relation between science and myth, and the possibility of empiricism as an approach to life as well as to science. But philosophy is a thoroughly historical enterprise, a dialogue that continues in the present but is always almost entirely (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48. Logic and the Self: After Certain Crises in Western Thought.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 2011 - Diogenes 58 (4):21-29.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  92
    Armstrong, Cartwright, and Earman on Laws and Symmetry.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1993 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (2):431--44.
  50.  8
    Science, Probability, and the Proposition.C. van Fraassen Bas - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:339-348.
    In a traditional view of science we come to fully believe the main accepted theories . Some of the hypotheses "possible for all that science tells us" seem more likely than others: enter probability as grading the possibilities left open. Probabilism contends with this tradition. Richard Jeffrey told us never to resolve doubt but only to quantify it, and to give maximal probability only to tautologies. Despite severe difficulties, I shall argue that the traditional view is reconcilable with probabilism. I (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 146