Results for 'Bastian Greshake Tzovaras'

181 found
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  1.  31
    Genes wide open: Data sharing and the social gradient of genomic privacy.Tobias Haeusermann, Marta Fadda, Alessandro Blasimme, Bastian Greshake Tzovaras & Effy Vayena - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics:1-15.
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  2. Research led by participants: a new social contract for a new kind of research.Effy Vayena, Roger Brownsword, Sarah Jane Edwards, Bastian Greshake, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Navjoyt Ladher, Jonathan Montgomery, Daniel O'Connor, Onora O'Neill, Martin P. Richards, Annette Rid, Mark Sheehan, Paul Wicks & John Tasioulas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):216-219.
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  3.  9
    Equal and ashamed? Egalitarianism, anti-discrimination, and redistribution.Bastian Steuwer - forthcoming - Politics, Philosophy and Economics.
    One prominent criticism of luck egalitarianism is that it requires either shameful revelations or otherwise problematic declarations by the state toward those who have had bad brute luck. Relational egalitarianism, by contrast, is portrayed as an alternative that requires no such revelations or declarations. I argue that this is false. Relational equality requires the state to draft anti-discrimination laws for both state and private action. The ideal of relational egalitarianism requires these laws to be asymmetric, that is to allow affirmative (...)
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  4. Von Kant Zu Bastian Ein Beitrag Zum Verstèandnis des Wissenschaftlichen Konzepts von Adolf Bastian Mit Vier Kleinen Schriften von Demselben.Tapan Kumar Das Gupta & Adolf Bastian - 1990 - T.K. Das Gupta.
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  5. Aggregation, Balancing, and Respect for the Claims of Individuals.Bastian Steuwer - 2021 - Utilitas 33 (1):17-34.
    Most non-consequentialists “let the numbers count” when one can save either a lesser or greater number from equal or similar harm. But they are wary of doing so when one can save either a small number from grave harm or instead a very large number from minor harm. Limited aggregation is an approach that reconciles these two commitments. It is motivated by a powerful idea: our decision whom to save should respect each person who has a claim to our help, (...)
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  6.  77
    Contractualism, Complaints, and Risk.Bastian Steuwer - 2021 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 19 (2).
    How should contractualists assess the permissibility of risky actions? Both main views on the question, ex ante and ex post, fail to distinguish between different kinds of risk. In this article, I argue that this overlooks a third alternative that I call “objective ex ante contractualism”. Objective ex ante substitutes discounting complaints by epistemic risk in favor of discounting by objective risk. I further argue in favor of this new view. Objective ex ante contractualism provides the best model of justifiability (...)
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  7. One-by-one: moral theory for separate persons.Bastian Steuwer - 2020 - Dissertation, London School of Economics
    You and I lead different lives. While we share a society and a world, our existence is separate from one another. You and I matter individually, by ourselves. My dissertation is about this simple thought. I argue that this simple insight, the separateness of persons, tells us something fundamental about morality. My dissertation seeks to answer how the separateness of persons matters. I develop a precise view of the demands of the separateness of persons. The separateness of persons imposes both (...)
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  8.  28
    The "Scholastic" Realism of C. S. Peirce.Ralph J. Bastian - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (2):246 - 249.
  9.  9
    Philosophical Posthumanism.Bastian Muñoz Oñate - 2022 - Revista Ethika+ 6:247-250.
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  10.  46
    Limits to Aggregation and Uncertain Rescues.Bastian Steuwer - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (1):70-83.
    Limited aggregation holds that we are only sometimes, not always, permitted to aggregate. Aggregation is permissible only when the harms and benefits are relevant to one another. But how should limited aggregation be extended to cases in which we are uncertain about what will happen? In this article, I provide a challenge to ex post limited aggregation. I reconstruct a precise version of ex post limited aggregation that relies on the notion of ex post claims. However, building a theory of (...)
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  11. John Cook Wilson on the indefinability of knowledge.Guy Longworth & Simon Bastian Wimmer - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):1547-1564.
    Can knowledge be defined? We expound an argument of John Cook Wilson's that it cannot. Cook Wilson's argument connects knowing with having the power to inquire. We suggest that if he is right about that connection, then knowledge is, indeed, indefinable.
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  12. Why It Does Not Matter What Matters: Relation R, Personal Identity, and Moral Theory.Bastian Steuwer - 2020 - Philosophical Quarterly 70 (278):178-198.
    Derek Parfit famously argued that personal identity is not what matters for prudential concern about the future. Instead, he argues what matters is Relation R, a combination of psychological connectedness and continuity with any cause. This revisionary conclusion, Parfit argued, has profound implications for moral theory. It should lead us, among other things, to deny the importance of the separateness of persons as an important fact of morality. Instead, we should adopt impersonal consequentialism. In this paper, I argue that Parfit (...)
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  13.  31
    Perceived social pressure not to experience negative emotion is linked to selective attention for negative information.Brock Bastian, Madeline Lee Pe & Peter Kuppens - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (2).
    Social norms and values may be important predictors of how people engage with and regulate their negative emotional experiences. Previous research has shown that social expectancies (the perceived social pressure not to feel negative emotion (NE)) exacerbate feelings of sadness. In the current research, we examined whether social expectancies may be linked to how people process emotional information. Using a modified classical flanker task involving emotional rather than non-emotional stimuli, we found that, for those who experienced low levels of NE, (...)
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  14.  9
    Mendelssohns „alles zermalmender“ Kant.Bastian Lemitz - 2022 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 74 (2):132-144.
  15.  22
    ‘Forget me ?’ – Remembering Forget-Items Versus Un-Cued Items in Directed Forgetting.Bastian Zwissler, Sebastian Schindler, Helena Fischer, Christian Plewnia & Johanna M. Kissler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  7
    From incoherence to mirth: neuro-cognitive processing of garden-path jokes.Bastian Mayerhofer & Annekathrin Schacht - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:109298.
    In so-called garden-path jokes, an initial semantic representation is violated, and semantic revision reestablishes a coherent representation. 48 jokes were manipulated in three conditions: (i) a coherent ending, (ii) a joke ending, and (iii) a discourse-incoherent ending. A reading times study ( N = 24) and three studies with recordings of ERP and pupil changes ( N = 21, 24, and 24, respectively) supported the hypothesized cognitive processes. Jokes showed increased reading times of the final word compared to coherent endings. (...)
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  17.  23
    Hermeneutik und maschinelles Lernen. Zur rationalen (Un-)Zähmbarkeit von Textdeutung.Bastian Weiß - 2020 - Internationales Jahrbuch Für Medienphilosophie 6 (1):203-218.
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  18.  13
    Regelfolgen und Normativität: Ansätze einer transzendentalen Semantik.Bastian Reichardt - 2024 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 78 (1):48-77.
    Wittgenstein's discussion of rule-following can be considered as a part of his criticism of metaphysics: Naturalistic as well as non-naturalistic ontologies fail to present us an adequate explanation of the normative dimension of linguistic behavior. In this paper, we will reconstruct this criticism of metaphysics and show that thereby we gain an important philosophical insight: Wittgenstein's criticism implies that the normativity of language is not a phenomenon that stands in need for an explanation but rather – to the contrary – (...)
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  19. Constraints, you, and your victims.Bastian Steuwer - 2022 - Noûs 57 (4):942-957.
    Deontologists believe that it is wrong to violate a right even if this will prevent a greater number of violations of the same right. This leads to the paradox of deontology: If respecting everyone’s rights is equally important, why should we not minimize the number of rights violations? One possible answer is agent-based. This answer points out that you should not violate rights even if this will prevent someone else’s violations. In this paper, I defend a relational agent-based justification that (...)
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  20.  9
    The Relative Importance of Target and Judge Characteristics in Shaping the Moral Circle.Bastian Jaeger & Matti Wilks - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (10):e13362.
    People's treatment of others (humans, nonhuman animals, or other entities) often depends on whether they think the entity is worthy of moral concern. Recent work has begun to investigate which entities are included in a person's moral circle, examining how certain target characteristics (e.g., species category, perceived intelligence) and judge characteristics (e.g., empathy, political orientation) shape moral inclusion. However, the relative importance of target and judge characteristics in predicting moral inclusion remains unclear. When predicting whether a person will deem an (...)
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  21.  31
    Ethical and legal race‐responsive vaccine allocation.Bastian Steuwer & Nir Eyal - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (8):814-821.
    In many countries, the COVID‐19 pandemic varied starkly between different racial and ethnic groups. Before vaccines were approved, some considered assigning priority access to worse‐hit racial groups. That debate can inform rationing in future pandemics and in some of the many areas outside COVID‐19 that admit of racial health disparities. However, concerns were raised that “race‐responsive” prioritizations would be ruled unlawful for allegedly constituting wrongful discrimination. This legal argument relies on an understanding of discrimination law as demanding color‐blindness. We argue (...)
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  22.  6
    Werner Konitzer/Johanna Bach/David Palme/Jonas Balzer (Hgg.), Vermeintliche Gründe. Ethik und Ethiken im Nationalsozialismus.Bastian Klug - 2021 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 128 (2):407-409.
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  23.  18
    Kontingenz und Dezision – ein notwendiges Verhältnis?Bastian Mokosch - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Kritische Sozialtheorie Und Philosophie 4 (1-2):364-396.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialtheorie und Philosophie Jahrgang: 4 Heft: 1-2 Seiten: 364-396.
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  24.  33
    Neural Correlates of Verbal Working Memory: An fMRI Meta-Analysis.Mónica Emch, Claudia C. von Bastian & Kathrin Koch - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  25. Disagreement, Cognitive Command, and the Indexicality of Moral Truth.Bastian Reichardt - 2015 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 42 (1):7-16.
    Moral Relativism can be considered an attractive alternative to realism because relativists can make good sense of cultural and societal disagreements by seeing them as faultless. However, we can show that this advantage is made possible by systematically disagreeing with moral phenomenology. Relativists make a substantial distinction between intercultural and intracultural discourses which turns out to be incoherent. This can be shown by making use of Crispin Wright’s notion of Cognitive Command.
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  26. The contradictory simultaneity of being with others: Exploring concepts of time and community in the work of Gloria Anzaldúa.Michelle Bastian - 2011 - Feminist Review 97 (1):151-167.
    While social geographers have convincingly made the case that space is not an external constant, but rather is produced through inter-relations, anthropologists and sociologists have done much to further an understanding of time, as itself constituted through social interaction and inter-relation. Their work suggests that time is not an apolitical background to social life, but shapes how we perceive and relate to others. For those interested in exploring issues such as identity, community and difference, this suggests that attending to how (...)
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  27.  27
    Paired Publication: A Way to Lower One Barrier between Philosophical Insight and Bioethics.Bastian Steuwer, Nir Eyal & Monica Magalhães - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):33-35.
    Blumenthal-Barby et al. (2022) are right. Philosophers should pay greater attention to bioethics and bioethicists should pay greater attention to insights from philosophy. This commentary extends t...
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  28. Auferstehung im Tod: Ein 'parteiischer'Rückblick auf eine theologische Diskussion.Gisbert Greshake - 1998 - Theologie Und Philosophie 73:538-57.
     
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  29. Der Glaube an die Auferstehung der Toten. Konsequenzen für das christliche Menschenverständnis (La foi en la résurrection des morts. Ses conséquences pour la notion chrétienne de l'homme).G. Greshake - 1987 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 34 (3):491-511.
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  30. Freiheit als Gnade. Eine Skizze.Gisbert Greshake - 2004 - Gregorianum 85 (3):427-444.
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  31. ST. ERNST, Anselm von Canterbury, ISBN 978-3-402-15672-8.G. Greshake - 2011 - Theologie Und Philosophie 86 (3):449.
     
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  32.  32
    Avowals and the project of inferentialism.Bastian Reichardt - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (5):1593-1602.
    Whether there are philosophically relevant connections between the expressive role of first-personal vocabulary and self-knowledge is an on-going debate in analytical philosophy. We will take a look at this debate by considering Ludwig Wittgenstein’s distinction between the two uses of ‘I’ as object and as subject and work out a further distinction within the subject-use of ‘I’. This relates to a problem that is inherent in Robert Brandom’s inferentialist program regarding the role of first-personal vocabulary. It can be shown that (...)
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  33.  65
    Asserting Moral Sentences.Bastian Reichardt - 2014 - SATS 15 (1):1-19.
    During the last century of meta-ethical debates, moral realism was much criticized for its ontological assumptions. These assumptions arise from the semantic intuition that lies at the heart of realist theories – namely, the intuition that language represents states of affairs. This makes moral realism hardly compatible with a naturalist world view and gives rise to consider ontologically more economic approaches. Moral constructivists can explain objectivity in ethics without inheriting the realist’s ontological burden. Nevertheless, constructivists tend to ignore the semantic (...)
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  34.  14
    Criticizing Forms of Life. Weighing Wittgenstein’s Role in Political Theory.Bastian Reichardt - 2018 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie 1 (2):305-319.
    One branch of practical philosophy in whichWittgenstein’s writings might be fruitful, is political philosophy. The concept “forms of life” gives rise to a pluralistic interpretation of society. However, the question arises how societal conflicts in such a pluralistic view con be solved. We will develop a method of criticism which relies on Wittgenstein’s later work and which combines the normative demands of practical philosophy with methodological standards from ethnology and cultural anthropology.
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  35.  13
    Freges Philosophie nach Frege.Bastian Reichardt & Alexander Samans (eds.) - 2014 - Münster: mentis.
  36. Frege und die mathematische Wirklichkeit.Bastian Reichardt - 2014 - In Bastian Reichardt & Alexander Samans (eds.), Freges Philosophie nach Frege. mentis. pp. 217-238.
  37. Juventas - Zeitschrift für junge Philosophie.Bastian Reichardt & Anna-Christina Boell (eds.) - 2011 - Bernstein.
     
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  38.  16
    Kapitalismus als Rätsel? Zur Kritik der Marxʼschen Kritik der politischen Ökonomie.Bastian Ronge - 2018 - In Matthias Spekker, Anna-Sophie Schönfelder & Matthias Bohlender (eds.), »Kritik Im Handgemenge«: Die Marx'sche Gesellschaftskritik Als Politischer Einsatz. Transcript Verlag. pp. 203-220.
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  39.  3
    Simone Weil.Bastian Ronge - 2023 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 10 (2).
    Der vorliegende Aufsatz entwickelt die These, dass Arbeitsteilung ein wesentliches Medium ist, um gesellschaftliche Verachtung zu organisieren und zu mobilisieren. Er tut dies im Ausgang und im Rückgriff auf Simone Weil. Ihre Überlegungen zu Arbeit und Arbeitsteilung erlauben es, einen Brückenschlag zwischen zwei aktuellen Forschungssträngen zu schlagen, die in der Regel nebeneinanderher laufen: die sozialphilosophische Diskussion um das Verhältnis von Anerkennung und Arbeit auf der einen Seite und die Debatte zur Frage bedeutungsvoller Arbeit (meaningful work) in der Politischen Philosophie auf (...)
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  40.  44
    The Benefits of Pain.Siri Leknes & Brock Bastian - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (1):57-70.
    Pain is most often an unpleasant experience that alerts us to actual or possible tissue damage. However, insisting that pain is always bad news may hinder understanding of pain’s many facets. Despite its unpleasantness – or perhaps because of it – pain is known to enhance the perceived value of certain activities, such as punishment or endurance sports. Here, we review evidence for a series of mechanisms involved in putative benefits of pain. A byproduct of pain’s attention-grabbing quality can be (...)
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  41. Fatally Confused: Telling the time in the midst of ecological crises.Michelle Bastian - 2012 - Journal of Environmental Philosophy 9 (1):23-48.
    Focusing particularly on the role of the clock in social life, this article explores the conventions we use to “tell the time.” I argue that although clock time generally appears to be an all-encompassing tool for social coordination, it is actually failing to coordinate us with some of the most pressing ecological changes currently taking place. Utilizing philosophical approaches to performativity to explore what might be going wrong, I then draw on Derrida’s and Haraway’s understandings of social change in order (...)
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  42.  9
    Correction to: Avowals and the project of inferentialism.Bastian Reichardt - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (9):3011-3011.
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  43.  20
    Das wollende Subjekt. Annäherungen an Wittgensteins Ethik.Bastian Reichardt - 2021 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 75 (1):33-55.
    One of the basic notions of ethics is certainly the concept of the will. Although in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Wittgenstein excludes that ethical sentences can be meaningfully formulated, the conception of the will occupies a prominent position in his book. This supposed tension in the Tractatus is not accidental, but an integral part of Wittgenstein's concern to reach a new, non-philosophical approach towards ethics.
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  44.  44
    Sprache und der soziale Ort des Selbstbewusstseins.Bastian Reichardt - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 71 (1):50-69.
    Are persons rational because they are self-conscious or are they self-conscious because they are rational? Wittgenstein's remarks on the grammatical peculiarities of first-person expressions are not only a criticism of the conception of a Cartesian Ego but also give rise to systematical extensions which help to answer our question. The distinction between subject- and object-usage of ,,I” – which is made in the ,,Blue Book” – enables Wittgenstein to conceive of sentences like ,,I am in pain” as non-referential expressions. With (...)
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  45.  41
    Language facilitates introspection: Verbal mind-wandering has privileged access to consciousness.Mikaël Bastian, Sébastien Lerique, Vincent Adam, Michael S. Franklin, Jonathan W. Schooler & Jérôme Sackur - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:86-97.
  46.  29
    Conceptual Injustice.Lisa Bastian - 2024 - The Journal of Ethics 28 (2):263-286.
    In recent years, there has been significant interest in injustices that do not consist in inflicting physical or material harm on others, but operate in more subtle ways, e.g. by targeting our status as epistemic agents. In a similar fashion, this paper aims to bring to the forefront a currently overlooked kind of injustice that occurs in relation to our concepts: conceptual injustice, which is characterised by wrongful in- or exclusion from the application of a concept. The first part of (...)
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  47. Better vaguely right than precisely wrong in effective altruism: the problem of marginalism.Nicolas Côté & Bastian Steuwer - 2023 - Economics and Philosophy 39 (1):152-169.
    Effective altruism (EA) requires that when we donate to charity, we maximize the beneficial impact of our donations. While we are in broad sympathy with EA, we raise a practical problem for EA, which is that there is a crucial empirical presupposition implicit in its charity assessment methods which is false in many contexts. This is the presupposition that the magnitude of the benefits (or harms) generated by some charity vary continuously in the scale of the intervention performed. We characterize (...)
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  48.  16
    Community and Capital in Conflict: Plant Closings and Job Loss.Klaus-Peter Köpping & Adolf Bastian - 1982 - University of Queensland Press(Australia).
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  49.  15
    Fatally Confused.Michelle Bastian - 2012 - Environmental Philosophy 9 (1):23-48.
    Focusing particularly on the role of the clock in social life, this article explores the conventions we use to “tell the time.” I argue that although clock time generally appears to be an all-encompassing tool for social coordination, it is actually failing to coordinate us with some of the most pressing ecological changes currently taking place. Utilizing philosophical approaches to performativity to explore what might be going wrong, I then draw on Derrida’s and Haraway’s understandings of social change in order (...)
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  50.  5
    Bultmann's Thoughs:Demitologizationand Its Impact on the Contemporary Christianity Today.Stanley Kalalo, Antoni Bastian & David Ming - 2021 - European Journal of Theology and Philosophy 1 (6):1-4.
    Liberal theology was a characteristic that stood out in Bultmann's day. Several questions arise: Who is Rudolf Karl Bultmann? How did Bultmann and his thinking demotologi? What are Bultmann's works? How Demithologization and Its Impact on 21st Century Era Christianity? The solution is: (1) Bultman is a New Testament figure based on his form criticism. (2) The demotology says that the entire New Testament is a myth. Especially the stories about the Lord Jesus. He argued that the experiences of the (...)
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