Results for 'Be��ta Bo��the'

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  1.  1
    Aristotle’s Psychology.Abraham P. Bos - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 3:48-54.
    The psychology of Aristotle has never been understood in a historically correct way. A new interpretation of the De anima will be proposed in which this work can be seen as compatible with the psychology that can be reconstructed from the fragments of Aristotle's lost dialogues and the De motu animalium and other biological works and the doxographical data gathered from ancient writers besides the commentators. In De anima, II, 412b5, where psychè is defined as 'the first entelecheia of a (...)
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  2.  24
    The no correlation argument: can the morality of conscientious objection be empirically supported? the Italian case.Marco Bo, Carla Maria Zotti & Lorena Charrier - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):64.
    The legitimacy of conscientious objection to abortion continues to fuel heated debate in Italy. In two recent decisions, the European Committee for Social Rights underlined that conscientious objection places safe, legal, and accessible care and services out of reach for most Italian women and that the measures that Italy has adopted to guarantee free access to abortion services are inadequate. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Health states that current Italian legislation, if appropriately applied, accommodates both the right to conscientious objection and (...)
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  3.  15
    The No Correlation Argument: Can the Morality of Conscientious Objection Be Empirically Supported? The Italian Case.Marco Bo, Carla Maria Zotti & Lorena Charrier - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):1-6.
    Background The legitimacy of conscientious objection to abortion continues to fuel heated debate in Italy. In two recent decisions, the European Committee for Social Rights underlined that conscientious objection places safe, legal, and accessible care and services out of reach for most Italian women and that the measures that Italy has adopted to guarantee free access to abortion services are inadequate. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Health states that current Italian legislation, if appropriately applied, accommodates both the right to conscientious objection (...)
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  4.  23
    The Relationship Between Academic Achievement and the Emotional Well-Being of Elementary School Children in China: The Moderating Role of Parent-School Communication.Bo Lv, Huan Zhou, Xiaolin Guo, Chunhui Liu, Zhaomin Liu & Liang Luo - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  5. On Becoming-Being Complementarity: From the Point of View of the Yin-Yan Metaphysical Vision of the Yi-Jing's Metaphysics.Bo Mou - 2004 - Filozofia 59 (2):88-99.
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  6. The Egalitarian Fallacy: Are Group Differences Compatible with Political Liberalism?Jonathan Anomaly & Bo Winegard - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (2):433-444.
    Many people greet evidence of biologically based race and sex differences with extreme skepticism, even hostility. We argue that some of the vehemence with which many intellectuals in the West resist claims about group differences is rooted in the tacit assumption that accepting evidence for group differences in socially valued traits would undermine our reasons to treat people with respect. We call this the egalitarian fallacy. We first explain the fallacy and then give evidence that self-described liberals in the United (...)
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  7.  36
    “Chalepa Ta Kala,” “Fine Things Are Difficult”: Socrates’ Insights Into the Psychology of Teaching and Learning. [REVIEW]Avi I. Mintz - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (3):287-299.
    The proverb “chalepa ta kala” is invoked in three dialogues in the Platonic corpus: Hippias Major, Cratylus and Republic. In this paper, I argue that the context in which the proverb arises reveals Socrates’ considerable pedagogical dexterity as he uses the proverb to rebuke his interlocutor in one dialogue but to encourage his interlocutors in another. In the third, he gauges his interlocutors’ mention of the proverb to be indicative of their preparedness for a more difficult philosophical trial. What emerges (...)
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  8.  2
    The Role of Leisure Satisfaction in Serious Leisure and Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Chinese Marathon Runners.Hai Bo Tian, Ya Jun Qiu, Ye Qiang Lin, Wen Ting Zhou & Chu Yao Fan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The topics of serious leisure and subjective well-being have been discussed extensively in previous research. It is generally acknowledged that people prefer to experience deeper satisfaction and happiness through serious participation in leisure-time physical activities. However, it is essential to examine the relationship between serious leisure and subjective well-being in an urban setting as well as the mediating effect of leisure satisfaction. Data were collected from 447 recreational runners at the 2018 Wuxi International Marathon event in China. The study results (...)
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  9.  41
    On the Path Towards Thinking: Learning From Martin Heidegger and Rudolf Steiner.Bo Dahlin - 2009 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 28 (6):537-554.
    This paper is a philosophical study of the nature of thinking based on the philosophies of Martin Heidegger and Rudolf Steiner. For Heidegger, the pre-Socratic Greek philosophers exemplified genuine thinking, appreciating the meaning of Being. But this kind of philosophy was soon replaced by the onto-theological approach, in which Being was reductively objectified, and the question of the meaning of Being was forgotten. Hence, according to Heidegger, we still have to learn to think. Commentators on Heidegger point to the similarities (...)
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  10.  61
    The Enumerative Character of Tarski's Definition of Truth and its General Character in a Tarskian System.Bo Mou - 2001 - Synthese 126 (1-2):91 - 121.
    In this paper, I suggest an approach to the alleged problem with the Tarskian formal definition of truth: its enumerative character seems to make it unable to capture our pretheoretic general understanding of truth. For this purpose, after spelling out two requirements for extending an enumerative definition to new cases, I examine to what extent Tarski's Convention T provides what are needed for extending the Tarski's enumerative definition. I conclude that, though not explicitly providing what are needed, Convention T does (...)
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  11. Aristotle on the Difference Between Plants, Animals, and Human Beings and on the Elements as Instruments of the Soul (De Anima 2.4.415b18). [REVIEW]Abraham P. Bos - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):821-841.
    Why do all animals possess sense perception while plants don’t? And should the difference in quality of life between human beings and wolves be explained by supposing that wolves have degenerated souls? This paper argues that for Aristotle differences in quality of life among living beings are based on differences in the quality of their soul-principle together with the body that receives the soul. The paper proposes a new interpretation of On the Soul 2.4.415b18: “For all the natural bodies are (...)
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  12.  28
    Forget the Folk: Moral Responsibility Preservation Motives and Other Conditions for Compatibilism.Cory J. Clark, Bo M. Winegard & Roy F. Baumeister - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    For years, experimental philosophers have attempted to discern whether laypeople find free will compatible with a scientifically deterministic understanding of the universe, yet no consensus has emerged. The present work provides one potential explanation for these discrepant findings: People are strongly motivated to preserve free will and moral responsibility, and thus do not have stable, logically rigorous notions of free will. Seven studies support this hypothesis by demonstrating that a variety of logically irrelevant features influence compatibilist judgments. In Study 1, (...)
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  13. The Soul and Its Instrumental Body: A Reinterpretation of Aristotle's Philosophy of Living Nature.A. P. Bos - 2003 - Brill.
    Aristotle's definition of the soul should be interpreted as: 'the soul is the entelechy of a natural body that serves as its instrument'.
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  14.  2
    A European Identity: To the Historical Limits of a Concept.Bo Stråth - 2002 - European Journal of Social Theory 5 (4):387-401.
    The history of a European identity is the history of a concept and a discourse. A European identity is an abstraction and a fiction without essential proportions. Identity as a fiction does not undermine but rather helps to explain the power that the concept exercises. The concept since its introduction on the political agenda in 1973 has been highly ideologically loaded and in that capacity has been contested. There has been a high degree of agreement on the concept as such, (...)
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  15.  63
    The Insularity of Anglophone Philosophy: Quantitative Analyses.Eric Schwitzgebel, Linus Ta-Lun Huang, Andrew Higgins & Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera - 2018 - Philosophical Papers 47 (1):21-48.
    We present evidence that mainstream Anglophone philosophy is insular in the sense that participants in this academic tradition tend mostly to cite or interact with other participants in this academic tradition, while having little academic interaction with philosophers writing in other languages. Among our evidence: In a sample of articles from elite Anglophone philosophy journals, 97% of citations are citations of work originally written in English; 96% of members of editorial boards of elite Anglophone philosophy journals are housed in majority-Anglophone (...)
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  16. Aristotle, on the Life-Bearing Spirit : A Discussion with Plato and His Predecessors on Pneuma as the Instrumental Body of the Soul. Introduction, Translation, and Commentary by Abraham P. Bos and Rein Ferwerda.Abraham Paulus Bos & Ferwerda - 2008 - Brill.
    The work _De spiritu_ is an important but neglected work by Aristotle. It clearly shows for the first time that Aristotle assumed a special body as the ‘instrument’ of the soul. By means of this soul/body the soul forms the visible body of plants, animals and human beings.
     
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  17.  99
    The Vitality of Stupidity.René ten Bos - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (2):139 – 150.
    It is argued that the focus within organization studies on wisdom is one-sided in the sense that it ignores stupidity, wisdom's little stepbrother. Too often it is simply taken for granted that an increase in wisdom will lead to a decrease in stupidity. The problem with this assumption is that it is philosophically uninformed. Stupidity and wisdom stand in a deeply paradoxical relationship, which has been studied by philosophers at least since the Stoics. Some recent contributions to this endless debate (...)
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  18.  52
    On the Long Road to Mentalism in Children’s Spontaneous False-Belief Understanding: Are We There Yet?Jason Low & Bo Wang - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):411-428.
    We review recent anticipatory looking and violation-of-expectancy studies suggesting that infants and young preschoolers have spontaneous (implicit) understanding of mind despite their known problems until later in life on elicited (explicit) tests of false-belief reasoning. Straightforwardly differentiating spontaneous and elicited expressions of complex mental state understanding in relation to an implicit-explicit knowledge framework may be challenging; early action predictions may be based on behavior rules that are complementary to the mentalistic attributions under consideration. We discuss that the way forward for (...)
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  19.  4
    The Interactive Effect of Goal Attainment and Goal Importance on Acculturation and Well-Being.Agnes Toth-Bos, Barbara Wisse & Klara Farago - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  20.  91
    Towards Gratitude to Nature: Global Environmental Ethics for China and the World.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2017 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 12 (2):207-223.
    This paper asks what should be the basis of a global environmental ethics. As Gao Shan has argued, the environmental ethics of Western philosophers such as Holmes Rolston and Paul Taylor is based on extending the notion of intrinsic value to that of objects of nature, and as such it is not very compatible with Chinese ethics. This is related to Gao’s rejection of most—if not all—Western “rationalist” environmental ethics, a stance that I grant her for pragmatic reasons (though I (...)
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  21.  29
    The Moral Significance of Gestures.René ten Bos - 2011 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 20 (3):280-291.
    The concept of the gesture is explored in relationship with its moral significance rather than, for example, its aesthetic significance. It is argued that the concept can be used in order to make clear how morality relates to the body. This is not to suggest that gestures can be neatly defined. On the contrary, they always seem to be ambivalent and somewhat nebular. However, it will be shown that some of their significance might well be related to popular concepts such (...)
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  22. Against Disjunctive Properties: Four Armstrongian Arguments.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2020 - Philosophia 49 (1):95-106.
    This paper defends the case against (sparse) disjunctive properties by means of four Armstrongian arguments. The first of these is a logical atomist argument from truthmaking, which is, broadly speaking, ‘Armstrongian’ (Armstrong 1997). This argument is strong – although it stands or falls with the relevant notion of truthmaking, as it were. However, three arguments, which are prima facie independent of truthmaking, can be found explicitly early in Armstrong’s middle period. Two of these early arguments face a serious objection put (...)
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  23. The Rise and Decline of Character: Humoral Psychology in Ancient and Early Modern Medical Theory.Jacques Bos - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (3):29-50.
    Humoralism, the view that the human body is composed of a limited number of elementary fluids, is one of the most characteristic aspects of ancient medicine. The psychological dimension of humoral theory in the ancient world has thus far received a relatively small amount of scholarly attention. Medical psychology in the ancient world can only be correctly understood by relating it to psychological thought in other fields, such as ethics and rhetoric. The concept that ties these various domains together is (...)
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  24. And the Division of Being According to Domingo de Soto.E. P. Bos - 2000 - In I. Angelelli & P. Pérez-Ilzarbe (eds.), Medieval and Renaissance Logic in Spain. G. Olms. pp. 54--327.
     
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  25. To Be Philosophical, Even If One Will Not Be a Professional Philosopher: The Aim and Mission of Philosophy Education.Chen Bo - 2013 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (2):247-257.
  26.  10
    Impact of COVID-19 on Economic Well-Being and Quality of Life of the Vietnamese During the National Social Distancing.Bach Xuan Tran, Hien Thi Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Carl A. Latkin, Hai Quang Pham, Linh Gia Vu, Xuan Thi Thanh Le, Thao Thanh Nguyen, Quan Thi Pham, Nhung Thi Kim Ta, Quynh Thi Nguyen, Cyrus S. H. Ho & Roger C. M. Ho - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  27.  25
    Zhuangzi: Thinking Through the Inner Chapters by Wang Bo.Hans-Georg Moeller - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (3):1040-1043.
    Wang Bo’s Zhuangzi: Thinking Through the Inner Chapters is the first title of a new book series on “Contemporary Chinese Scholarship in Daoist Studies” by Three Pines Press, an independent U.S. publisher of academic literature on Daoism and scholarly translations of Daoist texts. It is also part of a larger current wave of translations of contemporary philosophical works by Chinese authors into English. In this new development, as in the case of Wang’s book, a publication is often sponsored by private (...)
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  28.  25
    Dynamics Behavior of Lumps and Interaction Solutions of a -Dimensional Partial Differential Equation.Bo Ren - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-8.
    In this paper, we study the diversity of interaction solutions of a shallow water wave equation, the generalized Hirota–Satsuma–Ito equation. Using the Hirota direct method, we establish a general theory for the diversity of interaction solutions, which can be applied to generate many important solutions, such as lumps and lump-soliton solutions. This is an interesting feature of this research. In addition, we prove this new model is integrable in Painlevé sense. Finally, the diversity of interactive wave solutions of the gHSI (...)
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  29.  27
    Search for Supersymmetry in Events with Large Missing Transverse Momentum, Jets, and at Least One Tau Lepton in 20 Fb−1of √s= 8 TeV Proton-Proton Collision Data with the ATLAS Detector. [REVIEW]A. The Atlas Collaboration, G. Aad, B. Abbott, Abdallah Jm, S. Abdel Khalek, Abdinov Ob, R. Aben, Abi Ba, Abolins Ma, Abouzeid Os, H. Abramowicz, H. Abreu, R. Abreu, Y. Abulaiti, Acharya Bs, L. Adamczyk, Adams Dl, J. Adelman, S. Adomeit, Adye Tj, T. Agatonovic-Jovin, Aguilar-Saavedra Ja, M. Agustoni, Ahlen Sp, F. Ahmadov, G. Aielli, Åkerstedt Ho, Åkesson Tpa, G. Akimoto, Akimov Av, Alberghi Gl, Albert Jb, S. Albrand, Alconada Verzini Mj, M. Aleksa, Aleksandrov In, C. Alexa, Alexander Gk, G. Alexandre, Alexopoulos Ta, M. Alhroob, G. Alimonti, L. Alio, Alison Jm, Allbrooke Bmm, Allison Lj, Allport Pp, Almond Je, A. Aloisio, A. Alonso, F. Alonso, C. Alpigiani, Altheimer Ad, B. Álvarez González, Alviggi Mg, K. Amako, Y. Amaral Coutinho, C. Amelung, D. Amidei, Amor Dos Santos Sp, Amorim As, S. Amoroso, N. Amram, G. Amundsen, C. Anastopoulos, Ancu Ls, N. Andari, Andeen Tr, Anders Cf, G. Anders, Anderson Kj, A. Andreazza, V. Andrei, Anduaga Xs, S. Angelidakis, I. Angelozzi, P. Anger, A. Angerami, F. Anghinolfi, Anisenkov Av, N. Anjos, A. Annovi, A. Antonaki, M. Antonelli & A. - unknown
    © 2014, The Author. A search for supersymmetry in events with large missing transverse momentum, jets, at least one hadronically decaying tau lepton and zero or one additional light leptons, has been performed using 20.3fb−1of proton-proton collision data at √ s= 8 TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. No excess above the Standard Model background expectation is observed in the various signal regions and 95% confidence level upper limits on the visible cross section for new (...)
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  30.  94
    Toward an Integrative Account of Social Cognition: Marrying Theory of Mind and Interactionism to Study the Interplay of Type 1 and Type 2 Processes.Vivian Bohl & Wouter van den Bos - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience:1-15.
    Traditional theory of mind (ToM) accounts for social cognition have been at the basis of most studies in the social cognitive neurosciences. However, in recent years, the need to go beyond traditional ToM accounts for understanding real life social interactions has become all the more pressing. At the same time it remains unclear whether alternative accounts, such as interactionism, can yield a sufficient description and explanation of social interactions. We argue that instead of considering ToM and interactionism as mutually exclusive (...)
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  31.  38
    Brittleness Evaluation of Resource Plays by Integrating Petrophysical and Seismic Data Analysis.Bo Zhang, Tao Zhao, Xiaochun Jin & Kurt J. Marfurt - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (2):T81-T92.
    The main considerations for well planning and hydraulic fracturing in unconventional resources plays include the amount of total organic carbon and how much hydrocarbon can be extracted. Brittleness is the direct measurement of a formation about the ability to create avenues for hydrocarbons when applying hydraulic fracturing. Brittleness can be directly estimated from laboratory stress-strain measurements, rock-elastic properties, and mineral content analysis using petrophysical analysis on well logs. However, the estimated brittleness using these methods only provides “cylinder” estimates near the (...)
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  32. A Method for Evaluation of Arguments From Analogy.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2016 - Cogency: Journal of Reasoning and Argumentation 7 (2):109-123.
    It is a common view that arguments from analogy can only be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. However, while this reflects an important insight, I propose instead a relatively simple method for their evaluation based on just (i) their general form and (ii) four core questions. One clear advantage of this proposal is that it does not depend on any substantial (and controversial) view of similarity, unlike influential current alternative methods, such as Walton’s. Following some initial clarification of the notion (...)
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  33.  20
    Plato and the MEΓIΣTA ΓENH of the Sophist: A Reinterpretation1.A. L. Peck - 1952 - Classical Quarterly 2 (1-2):32-56.
    It is important to recognize that the problem dealt with by Plato in the central part of the Sophist is one which arises from the use of certain Greek phrases, and has no necessary or direct connexion with metaphysics. We tend to obscure this fact if we use English terms such as ‘Being’, ‘Reality’, ‘Existence’, etc., in discussing the dialogue, and indeed make it almost impossible to understand what Plato is trying to do. It is the way in which die (...)
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  34. Censuring the Teutonic Philosopher? Henry More’s Ambivalent Appraisal of Jacob Böhme.Douglas Hedley - 2018 - Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism 18 (1):54-74.
    This essay examines Henry More’s engagement with Jacob Böhme and compares the sympathetic critique of Böhme with More’s much more negative evaluation of Spinoza. More directs his criticism of Böhme at the similarities between Spinoza and Böhme: their materialism and confusion of God and world. The present essay suggests, however, that the perception of shared Platonism informs More’s more favourable approach to the Silesian. The problem of what “Platonism” means in this context is thus also addressed. Böhme’s writings were valued (...)
     
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  35.  51
    Generalization by Mechanism: Thin Rationality and Ideal-Type Analysis in Case Study Research.Bo Bengtsson & Nils Hertting - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (6):707-732.
    Drawing general inferences on the basis of single-case and small- n studies is often seen as problematic. This article suggests a logic of generalization based on thinly rationalistic social mechanisms. Ideal-type mechanisms can be derived from empirical observations in one case and, based on the assumption of thin rationality, used as a generalizing bridge to other contexts with similar actor constellations. Thus, the “portability” builds on expectations about similar mechanisms operating in similar contexts. We present the general logic behind such (...)
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  36.  45
    Conscientious Objection and the Morning‐After Pill.Corrado Del Bò - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):133-145.
    abstractThe so‐called ‘morning‐after pill’ is a drug that prevents pregnancy if taken no later than 72 hours after presumably fertile sexual intercourse. This article argues against a right of conscientious objection for pharmacists with regard to dispensing this drug. Some arguments that might be advanced in support of this right will be considered and rejected. Section 2 argues that from a philosophical point of view, the most relevant question is not whether the morning‐after pill prevents implantation nor is it whether (...)
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  37.  13
    A Metaphilosophical Analysis of the Core Idea of Deflationism.Bo Mou - 2000 - Metaphilosophy 31 (3):262-286.
    In this paper, I give a metaphilosophical analysis of the core idea of deflationism by discussing some basic conceptual and methodological issues involved in the debate between deflationism and substantivism. In so doing, I argue for three positive points. First, the crux of the dispute between deflationism and substantivism is whether or not truth is substantive in its metaphysical nature and in its explanatory role in philosophical enterprises, rather than whether or not a minimal approach regarding conceptual resources is taken (...)
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  38.  2
    Research on the Human Rights and Cultural Protection of Environmentally Displaced Persons Under Rising Sea Levels.Rui Xie, Wen-Bo Li, Meng-Chun Lin & Jia-Ming di LuZhu - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-11.
    In recent years, due to factors such as rising sea levels, several island nations such as Maldives, Tuvalu, Kiribati, and the Marshall Islands are in danger of disappearing completely. When the land of an island country disappeared, the human rights protection of Environmentally Displaced Persons in the migration process and the possible loss of their unique culture, language, and lifestyle have aroused great concern. We call such Environmentally Displaced Persons as EDPs. This study selects the EDPs’ data of 241 countries (...)
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  39.  46
    An Analysis of Student Privacy Rights in the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems.Bo Brinkman - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1255-1266.
    Plagiarism detection services are a powerful tool to help encourage academic integrity. Adoption of these services has proven to be controversial due to ethical concerns about students’ rights. Central to these concerns is the fact that most such systems make permanent archives of student work to be re-used in plagiarism detection. This computerization and automation of plagiarism detection is changing the relationships of trust and responsibility between students, educators, educational institutions, and private corporations. Educators must respect student privacy rights when (...)
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  40.  27
    Exploring the Relation Between Visual Mental Imagery and Affect in the Daily Life of Previously Depressed and Never Depressed Individuals.Christien Slofstra, Maaike H. Nauta, Emily A. Holmes, Elisabeth H. Bos, Marieke Wichers, Nikolaos Batalas, Nicola S. Klein & Claudi L. H. Bockting - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1131-1138.
    ABSTRACTPreviously depressed individuals experience disturbances in affect. Affective disturbances may be related to visual mental imagery, given that imagery-based processing of emotional stimuli causes stronger affective responses than verbal processing in experimental laboratory studies. However, the role of imagery-based processing in everyday life is unknown. This study assessed mental imagery in the daily life of previously and never depressed individuals. Higher levels of visual mental imagery was hypothesised to be associated with more affective reactivity to both negatively and positively valenced (...)
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  41.  50
    Hegel, Wittgenstein, and the Dialectic of Philosophy and Anthropology.Bo Earle - 2002 - Idealistic Studies 32 (2):101-119.
    The early Hegel and late Wittgenstein alike suggest that the idealism-realism contrast is better understood as a contrast between normative and naturalistic accounts of actions. Building upon parallels between Hegel’s account of the “inverted world” and what Kripke called Wittgenstein’s “skeptical solution to the skeptical paradox,” I suggest that Wittgensteinian rule following may involve not only first personal commitments, as Lear argues, but also something like the specifically historical agency Hegel called Geist, and that, in turn, Hegel’s “Absolute” may be (...)
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  42. Social Traps and the Problem of Trust.Bo Rothstein - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    A 'social trap' is a situation where individuals, groups or organisations are unable to cooperate owing to mutual distrust and lack of social capital, even where cooperation would benefit all. Examples include civil strife, pervasive corruption, ethnic discrimination, depletion of natural resources and misuse of social insurance systems. Much has been written attempting to explain the problem, but rather less material is available on how to escape it. In this book, Bo Rothstein explores how social capital and social trust are (...)
     
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  43. Distinguishing Internal, External and Grounded Relations.Bo R. Meinertsen - 2011 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 83 (1):113-22.
    I defend an ontological distinction between three kinds of relation: internal,external and grounded relations. Even though, as we shall see, this trichotomy is basic, it is not found in influential contemporary metaphysics. Specifically, the widespread tendency, exemplified notably by David Armstrong, of not recognizing grounded relations as distinct from external relations, can be shown to be mistaken. I propose a definition of each of the three kinds of relation. Of vital importance to the parsimony of metaphysics, I also argue that (...)
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  44.  32
    ‘The Middle Kingdom on the High Seas’: On the Value Crisis of Modern Chinese Society.Bo R. Meinertsen & Cornelia Bogen - 2020 - In Truong Ngoc Nam & Tran Hai Minh (ed.), Value Education in the Context of Social Integration in Vietnam Today, Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change Series IIID, Southeast Asian Philosophical Studies, Vol. 9. Washington, DC, USA: pp. 23-36.
    Against the background of current transformation processes of Chinese society in the course of modernization and globalization, the paper argues that there is a value crisis in contemporary China. We suggest potential solutions for the educational field in order to bridge the gap between ‘incoming’ Western values and ‘internal’ traditional Chinese values. In a first step, several studies from the field of health communication are presented, including the psychology of “cold-nest” children of migrant workers, that suggest the value crisis is (...)
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  45.  66
    Axel Hägerström and His Early Version of Error Theory.Bo Petersson - 2011 - Theoria 77 (1):55-70.
    In 1910–11 Axel Hägerström introduced an emotive theory of ethics asserting moral propositions and valuations in general to be neither true nor false. However, it is less well known that he modified his theory in the following year, now making a distinction between what he called primary and secondary valuations. From 1912 onwards, he restricted his emotive theory to primary valuations only, and applied an error theory to secondary ones. According to Hägerström, secondary valuations state that objects have special value (...)
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  46.  20
    Lao Zi and the Xia Culture.Wang Bo - 1990 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 21 (4):34-69.
    The emergence of any idea must have a deep-seated social background, and at the same time there must be an intellectual source that cannot be neglected. That is to say, every idea must have as its foundation some piece of intellectual material that has been handed down by people of the past. Lao Zi once said: "All Things Under Heaven [tianxia wanwu] are born of Existence [you]; Existence [you] is born of Nonexistence [wu]." This does not mean that existence is (...)
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  47.  79
    The Debate on the Yan-Yi Relation in Chinese Philosophy: Reconstruction and Comments.Bo Chen - 2006 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (4):539-560.
    The debate on the yan-yi relation was carried out by Chinese philosophers collectively, and the principles and methods in the debate still belong to a living tradition of Chinese philosophy. From Yijing (Book of Changes), Lunyu (Analects), Laozi and Zhuangzi to Wang Bi, "yi" which cannot be expressed fully by yan (language), is not only "idea" or "meaning" in the human mind, but is also some kind of ontological existence, which is beyond yan and emblematic symbols, and unspeakable. Thus, the (...)
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  48.  55
    What Did the Ancient Chinese Philosophers Discuss?: Zhuangzi as an Example.Wang Bo - 1999 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 30 (4):28-40.
    Although I do not have any final thoughts about the present topic, it might still be valuable to identify what questions are bothering many Chinese scholars. During an academic meeting last month Professor Yu Dunkang summarized the embarrassing situation confronting the study of Chinese philosophy today, as follows: "The object remains unclear, and the value is misplaced." The phrase "the object remains unclear" means that scholars are not sure what questions need to be studied in relation to what is called (...)
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  49.  4
    A MamlUk Theologian's Commentary on Avicenna's RisAla ADHawiyya: Being a Translation of a Part of the Dar"" Al-Ta""AruD of Ibn Taymiyya, with Introduction, Annotation, and Appendices Part I.Y. J. Michot - 2003 - Journal of Islamic Studies 14 (2):149-203.
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  50.  14
    The Comparison of the Cantonese Sentence Final Particles Bo (?) and Wo (?): From the 1940s to the 1970s.Wai-Mun Leung - 2010 - Asian Culture and History 2 (2):P86.
    In the past decades, researchers of Cantonese treated the frequently used sentence-final particles (hereafter SFPs) wo3 (?, mid level tone) and bo3 (?, mid level tone) as variant forms, the former being the result of sound change from the latter (Kwok 1984, Luke 1990, Li 1995, Fang 2003). However, Leung (2010) argues that wo3 in the late 20th century performs the functions of realization, reminder, hearsay and contrast while the main function of bo3 is only to show contrast, thus they (...)
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