Results for 'Beagles, Agencies'

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  1.  7
    Care, Laboratory Beagles and Affective Utopia.Eva Giraud & Gregory Hollin - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (4):27-49.
    A caring approach to knowledge production has been portrayed as epistemologically radical, ethically vital and as fostering continuous responsibility between researchers and research-subjects. This article examines these arguments through focusing on the ambivalent role of care within the first large-scale experimental beagle colony, a self-professed ‘beagle utopia’ at the University of California, Davis. We argue that care was at the core of the beagle colony; the lived environment was re-shaped in response to animals ‘speaking back’ to researchers, and ‘love’ and (...)
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  2. Aid Agencies: The Epistemic Question.Keith Horton - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):29-43.
    For several decades, there has been a debate in the philosophical literature concerning whether those of us who live in developed countries are morally required to give some of our money to aid agencies. Many contributors to this debate have apparently taken it that one may simply assume that the effects of the work such agencies do are overwhelmingly positive. If one turns to the literature on such agencies that has emerged in recent decades, however, one finds (...)
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  3.  63
    CSR Rating Agencies: What is Their Global Impact?Steven Scalet & Thomas F. Kelly - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):69-88.
    In the last two decades, there has been a pronounced growth of CSR rating agencies that assess corporations based on their social and environmental performance. This article investigates the impact of CSR ratings on the behavior of individual corporations. To what extent do corporations adjust their behavior based on how they rank? Our primary finding is that being dropped from a CSR ranking appears to do little to encourage firms to acknowledge and address problems related to their social and (...)
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  4.  20
    The Credit‐Rating Agencies and the Subprime Debacle.Lawrence J. White - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2-3):389-399.
    ABSTRACT By means of the high ratings that they awarded to subprime mortgage?backed bonds, the three major rating agencies?Moody's, Standard & Poor's, and Fitch?played a central role in the current financial crisis. Without these ratings, it is doubtful that subprime mortgages would have been issued in such huge amounts, since a major reason for the subprime lending boom was investor demand for high?rated bonds?much of it generated by regulations that made such bonds mandatory for large institutional investors. And it (...)
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  5.  20
    Entangled Agencies: New Individual Practices of Human-Technology Hybridism Through Body Hacking.Bárbara Nascimento Duarte - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (3):275-285.
    This essay develops its idiosyncrasy by concentrating primarily on the trend of body hacking. The practitioners, self-defined as body hackers, self-made cyborgs or grinders, work in different ways to develop functional and physiological modifications through the contributions of technology. Their goal is to develop by themselves an empirically man-technique fusion. These dynamic “scientific” subcultures are producing astonishing innovations. From pocket-sized kits that sample human DNA, microchip implants that keep tabs on our internal organs, blood sugar levels or moods, and even (...)
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  6.  50
    Why Do Funding Agencies Favor Hypothesis Testing?Chris Haufe - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):363-374.
    Exploratory inquiry has difficulty attracting research funding because funding agencies have little sense of how to detect good science in exploratory contexts. After documenting and explaining the focus on hypothesis testing among a variety of institutions responsible for distinguishing between good and bad science, I analyze the NIH grant review process. I argue that a good explanation for the focus on hypothesis testing—at least at the level of science funding agencies—is the fact that hypothesis-driven research is relatively easy (...)
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  7.  20
    Commercial Agencies and Surrogate Motherhood: A Transaction Cost Approach.Mhairi Galbraith, Hugh V. McLachlan & J. Kim Swales - 2005 - Health Care Analysis 13 (1):11-31.
    In this paper we investigate the legal arrangements involved in UK surrogate motherhood from a transaction-cost perspective. We outline the specific forms the transaction costs take and critically comment on the way in which the UK institutional and organisational arrangements at present adversely influence transaction costs. We then focus specifically on the potential role of surrogacy agencies and look at UK and US evidence on commercial and voluntary agencies. Policy implications follow.
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  8.  4
    How Agencies Market Egg Donation on the Internet: A Qualitative Study.Jason Keehn, Eve Howell, Mark V. Sauer & Robert Klitzman - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):610-618.
    We systematically examined the content of the websites of 46 agencies that buy and sell human eggs to understand how they market themselves to both donors and recipients. We found that these websites use marketing techniques that obscure the realities of egg donation, presenting egg donation as a mutually beneficial and fulfilling experience. Sites emphasize egg donors' emotional fulfillment and address recipients' anxieties by stressing the ability to find the perfect “fit” or “match”, suiting recipients’“preferences”/“desires”, and even designing/customizing a (...)
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  9. The Ethics of Credit Rating Agencies: What Happened and the Way Forward. [REVIEW]Steven Scalet & Thomas F. Kelly - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (4):477-490.
    During the short span of a few months in 2008, 14 trillion dollars of highly rated bonds fell into junk status, surprising the global financial system and accelerating an economic decline. The result was the worst fracture of the US financial system since the Great Depression. Credit rating agencies (CRAs) in particular have come under intense scrutiny as a result of this latest disaster, both domestically and internationally, including many congressional inquiries and government investigations. Most of the public and (...)
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  10.  9
    ‘Cultural Translation’ in News Agencies? A Plea to Broaden the Definition of Translation.Lucile Davier - 2015 - Perspectives 23 (4):536-551.
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  11.  44
    Do Aid Agencies Have an Ethical Duty to Comply with Researchers? A Response to Rennie.Rony Zachariah, Vincent Janssens & Nathan Ford - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (2):78–80.
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  12. 'Information as a Condition of Justice in Financial Markets: The Regulation of Credit-Rating Agencies.Boudewijn De Bruin - 2017 - In Lisa Maria Herzog (ed.), Just Financial Markets? Finance in a Just Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 250-270.
    This chapter argues for deregulation of the credit-rating market. Credit-rating agencies are supposed to contribute to the informational needs of investors trading bonds. They provide ratings of debt issued by corporations and governments, as well as of structured debt instruments (e.g. mortgage-backed securities). As many academics, regulators, and commentators have pointed out, the ratings of structured instruments turned out to be highly inaccurate, and, as a result, they have argued for tighter regulation of the industry. This chapter shows, however, (...)
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  13.  23
    Reviewing HIV‐Related Research in Emerging Economies: The Role of Government Reviewing Agencies.Patrina Sexton, Katrina Hui, Donna Hanrahan, Mark Barnes, Jeremy Sugarman, Alex John London & Robert Klitzman - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (1):4-14.
    Little research has explored the possible effects of government institutions in emerging economies on ethical reviews of multinational research. We conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 15 researchers, Research Ethics Committees personnel, and a government agency member involved in multinational HIV Prevention Trials Network research in emerging economies. Ministries of Health or other government agencies often play pivotal roles as facilitators or barriers in the research ethics approval process. Government agency RECs reviewing protocols may face particular challenges, as they (...)
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  14.  81
    Ethical Climate Theory, Whistle-Blowing, and the Code of Silence in Police Agencies in the State of Georgia.Gary R. Rothwell & J. Norman Baldwin - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (4):341-361.
    This article reports the findings from a study that investigates the relationship between ethical climates and police whistle-blowing on five forms of misconduct in the State of Georgia. The results indicate that a friendship or team climate generally explains willingness to blow the whistle, but not the actual frequency of blowing the whistle. Instead, supervisory status, a control variable investigated in previous studies, is the most consistent predictor of both willingness to blow the whistle and frequency of blowing the whistle. (...)
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  15. Altruistic Agencies and Compassionate Consumers: Moral Framing of Transnational Surrogacy.Caitlyn Collins & Sharmila Rudrappa - 2015 - Gender and Society 29 (6):937-959.
    What makes a multimillion-dollar, transnational intimate industry possible when most people see it as exploitative? Using the newly emergent case of commercial surrogacy in India, this article extends the literature on stratified reproduction and intimate industries by examining how surrogacy persists and thrives despite its common portrayal as the “rent-a-womb industry” and “baby factory.” Using interview data with eight infertility specialists, 20 intended parents, and 70 Indian surrogate mothers, as well as blogs and media stories, we demonstrate how market actors (...)
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  16. Liminal Agencies: Literature as Moral Philosophy.Mary C. Rawlinson - 2006 - In David Rudrum (ed.), Literature and Philosophy: A Guide to Contemporary Debates. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  17. Government Agencies and Businesses Should Coordinate Efforts to Restructure the United States Defenses Against Cyber Attacks.James Starbuck & Marianna Shelbourne - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
     
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  18.  70
    The “Revolving Door” Between Regulatory Agencies and Industry: A Problem That Requires Reconceptualizing Objectivity.Zahra Meghani & Jennifer Kuzma - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (6):575-599.
    There is a “revolving door” between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good. Industry veterans might have specialized knowledge that could be useful to regulatory bodies and former government employees could help businesses become and remain compliant with regulations. But the “revolving door” also poses at least (...)
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  19.  81
    Beyond the Skin Bag: On the Moral Responsibility of Extended Agencies.F. Allan Hanson - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (1):91-99.
    The growing prominence of computers in contemporary life, often seemingly with minds of their own, invites rethinking the question of moral responsibility. If the moral responsibility for an act lies with the subject that carried it out, it follows that different concepts of the subject generate different views of moral responsibility. Some recent theorists have argued that actions are produced by composite, fluid subjects understood as extended agencies (cyborgs, actor networks). This view of the subject contrasts with methodological individualism: (...)
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  20.  41
    Ecosystem Services, Nonhuman Agencies, and Diffuse Dependence.Keith Peterson - 2012 - Environmental Philosophy 9 (2):1-19.
    This paper is a preliminary treatment of the categories of agency and dependence in the context of ecosystem services discourse. These categories are discussed in terms of critical categorial ontology in order to articulate adequately the nature of humankind’s dependence upon the nonhuman natural world, inadequately captured by ecosystem services discourse. Following Val Plumwood, this essay takes ecosystems services discourse as an example of one type of failure to discern various forms of agency as well as dependence, and it goes (...)
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  21.  5
    Buying and Selling Human Eggs: Infertility Providers’ Ethical and Other Concerns Regarding Egg Donor Agencies.Robert Klitzman - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):71.
    BackgroundEgg donor agencies are increasingly being used as part of IVF in the US, but are essentially unregulated, posing critical ethical and policy questions concerning how providers view and use them, and what the implications might be.MethodsThirty-seven in-depth interviews of approximately 1 h were conducted – with 27 IVF providers and 10 patients.ResultsClinicians vary in their views and interactions concerning egg donor agencies, ranging widely in whether and how often they use agencies. Agencies may offer egg (...)
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  22.  36
    The Ethical Agendas of Employment Agencies Towards Migrant Workers in the UK: Deciphering the Codes. [REVIEW]Chris Forde & Robert MacKenzie - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (S1):31-41.
    This article examines the connections between employment agencies, ethics and migrant workers. The article identifies three approaches adopted by agencies towards ethics and migrant workers, namely, ‘business case’, ‘minimal compliance’ and ‘social justice’ approaches. Through case studies of three agencies in the UK, the article explores the potential and limitations of each of these approaches for meeting the needs of migrant workers. The article points to the limitations of both the business case and ‘minimal compliance’ approaches, stemming (...)
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  23.  19
    Ontology, Ancestral Order and Agencies Among the Kukatja of the Australian Western Desert.Sylvie Poirier - 2004 - In J. R. Clammer, Sylvie Poirier & Eric Schwimmer (eds.), Figured Worlds: Ontological Obstacles in Intercultural Relations. University of Toronto Press. pp. 58--82.
  24.  3
    Psychosomatic Subjects and the Agencies of Addiction.Darin Weinberg - 2019 - Medical Humanities 45 (2):162-168.
    Addiction science and public policy have for some time been articulated in conformity with a broader antinomy in Western thought between biological reductionism and liberal voluntarism. Hence, mainstream debates have concerned whether and how addiction might be understood as a disease in the biomedically orthodox sense of anatomical or physiological pathology or whether and how addiction might be understood as a voluntary choice of some kind. The fact that those who staff these debates have appeared either unable or unwilling to (...)
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  25.  30
    The EU's Independent Agencies: Institutionalising Responsible European Governance?G. D. Williams - 2005 - Political Studies 53 (1):82-99.
    This paper examines the creation of independent agencies within the EU, such as the European Environment Agency and the European Central Bank. Majone and others have argued the case for European regulatory agencies. Such agencies can provide for continuity, expertise, accountability and effective authority – in short, an institutionalisation of responsibility. Against this optimism, I argue that a dilemma of institutional design naturally arises from the agencies’ situation in the EU. On the one side, we risk (...)
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  26.  9
    Agencies: A New Consensus?Gordon Brown - 2004 - In John H. Dunning & Prince of Wales (eds.), Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenges of Global Capitalism. Oxford University Press. pp. 320.
  27.  69
    Agencies, Capacities, and Anthropic Self-Selection.Milan M. Cirkovic - 2004 - In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press. pp. 27.
  28.  16
    Agencies of the Body.C. Colwell - 2000 - International Studies in Philosophy 32 (4):13-22.
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  29.  13
    Why Agencies Cannot Cope with Child Abuse.Edward W. Collins - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (2):46-46.
  30.  44
    Catholic Agencies: Making a Distinct Contribution to Australian Social Welfare Provision?Beth R. Crisp - 2010 - The Australasian Catholic Record 87 (4):440.
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  31. Productive Agencies of Feminist Theory: The Work It Does.Katie King - 2001 - Feminist Theory 2 (1):94-98.
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  32.  2
    Subscription Agencies: Fewer, Tougher, More Agile – and Beleaguered.Wim Luijendijk - 1993 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 4 (2):95-98.
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  33.  17
    Catholic Agencies in the Church: On Being Friends.Duncan MacLaren - 2010 - The Australasian Catholic Record 87 (4):395.
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  34.  14
    Physical Agencies and the Divine Persuasion.Maud Bodkin - 1945 - Philosophy 20 (76):148 - 161.
    The intention of this article is to examine the concept of the Divine persuasion as presented within the system of Dr. A. N. Whitehead. An attempt will be made to indicate the distinctive value of the concept in relation to certain relevant aspects of the religious thought of our time.
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  35.  12
    Indigenous Agencies and the Pluralism of Empire.Scott L. Pratt - 2013 - Philosophical Topics 41 (2):13-30.
    In 1914, Francis E. Leupp, former commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, presented an answer to the so-called Indian Problem that some have called pluralist. This paper examines the development of Leupp’s pluralism as part of the policies and practices of the genocide of American Indians as it was carried out in the years following the US Civil War. Rather than being a singular event in the history of US-Indian relations, I argue that Leupp’s pluralism is part of the (...)
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  36.  13
    Pregnant Agencies: Movement and Participation in Maternal–Fetal Interactions.Alejandra Martínez Quintero & Hanne De Jaegher - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  14
    National Biomedical Research Agencies: A Comparative Study of Fifteen Countries. [REVIEW]Robert P. Grant - 1966 - Minerva 4 (4):466-488.
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  38.  6
    The Integration of Research Agencies for African Agricultural Development.H. C. Pereira - 1971 - Minerva 9 (1):38-45.
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  39.  16
    From Compulsive to Persuasive Agencies: Whitehead’s Case for Entertainment.Myron Moses Jackson - 2017 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 25 (2):221-244.
    Western societies currently face the backlash of violent and militant extremisms practiced in the form of tribalistic-phobocratic politics. The battleground is set between advocates of self-centeredness and those who entertain a world-centered self. To entertain concerns what Henri Bergson calls “zones of indetermination” and assumes A. N. Whitehead’s dictum: “in the real world it is more important that a proposition be interesting than that it be true. The importance of truth is, that it adds to interest”. Cultural agencies, processes, (...)
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  40.  7
    Public Health Agencies’ Obligations and the Case of Zika.Florencia Luna - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (8):575-581.
    This article focuses on the initial reactions to the Zika epidemic by national and international public health agencies. It presents and analyzes some responses public officials made about sexual and reproductive health at the inception of the epidemic. It also describes the different challenges and obligations faced by local and international public health agencies, as these have not been clearly outlined. The article argues that these agencies have different obligations and should fulfill them despite existing obstacles. While (...)
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  41.  5
    Central Government Agencies and the Management of Vocational Educational and Training.D. M. Smith - 1986 - Educational Studies 12 (2):213-222.
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  42. A Tale of Two Agencies: Class, Political-Institutional, and Organizational Factors Affecting State Reliance on Social Science.Robin Stryker - 1990 - Politics and Society 18 (1):101-141.
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  43.  2
    Opening Up: US Agencies Release Documents on Human Radiation Experiments.J. S. Trey - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (3):288.
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  44.  10
    Paratactical Use of Algorithmic Agencies in Artistic Practice.Ebru Yetiskin - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (3):353-362.
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  45.  32
    The American Association of Advertising Agencies (4as) Standards of Practice: How Far Does This Professional Association's Code of Ethics' Influence of Reach. [REVIEW]Jeanne D. Maes, Arthur Jeffery & Tommy V. Smith - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (11):1155-1161.
    In a national survey, members of 4As agencies were contrasted with non-member agencies to determine awareness and influence of the 4As Standards of Practice, the Professional Code of Ethics for 4As members. The 4As Code was selected because the 4As represents the principle professional association of the support service industry, advertising.
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  46. The Visibility of Mission Agencies in General and USPG in Particular Among Recently Ordained Anglican Clergy: An Empirical Enquiry.Leslie J. Francis & Andrew Village - 2011 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 28 (2):129-137.
    Attitudes toward mission agencies in general, and toward the United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in particular, were assessed using two 10-item scales completed by 833 recently ordained Anglican clergy from the UK. Clergy were generally positive toward mission agencies and willing for their churches to engage with them, but more reluctant to form personal links. Most clergy felt agencies should give priority to the relief of poverty and to development needs, rather than to spreading (...)
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  47.  10
    Applying the Common Rule to Public Health Agencies: Questions and Tentative Answers About a Separate Regulatory Regime.Scott Burris, James Buehler & Zita Lazzarini - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):638-653.
  48.  17
    Institutional Work and Complicit Decoupling Across the U.S. Capital Markets: The Work of Rating Agencies.Cynthia E. Clark & Sue Newell - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):1-30.
    We focus on the core institution of the capital market and the institu­tional work of professional service firms that provide ratings on corporate issuers, initially in a bid to maintain this institution, which suffered when those involved relied solely on information from the issuers themselves. Through our analysis we identify a new type of decoupling—complicit decoupling. Complicit decoupling evolves over time, beginning with the creation of a new practice, here corporate ratings as a form of policing work, which emerges to (...)
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  49.  11
    Applying the Common Rule to Public Health Agencies: Questions and Tentative Answers About a Separate Regulatory Regime.Scott Burris, James Buehler & Zita Lazzarini - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):638-653.
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  50. Metaphysics, Religion, and Yoruba Traditional Thought.in Non-Human Agencies Belief & in an African Powers - 2002 - In P. H. Coetzee & A. P. J. Roux (eds.), Philosophy from Africa: a text with readings. Oxford University Press.
     
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