Results for 'Behaviorism'

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  1. True Christians and Straw Behaviorists.Must Behaviorists Be Logical Behaviorists - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):163-170.
     
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  2.  25
    Behaviorism: A Conceptual Reconstruction.G. E. Zuriff - 1985 - Columbia University Press.
  3. Behaviorism at Fifty.B. F. Skinner - 1974 - New York: J. Norton Publishers.
    Each of us is uniquely subject to certain kinds of stimulation from a small part of the universe within our skins. Mentalistic psychologies insist that other kinds of events, lacking the physical dimensions of stimuli, are accessible to the owner of the skin within which they occur. One solution often regarded as behavioristic, granting the distinction between public and private events and ruling the latter out of consideration, has not been successful. A science of behavior must face the problem of (...)
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  4. Radical Behaviorism and Cultural Analysis.Kester Carrara - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book shows how the three-term contingency paradigm created by B.F. Skinner can be applied to describe and explain cultural practices phenomena produced by complex relations between behavior and environment. It updates the academic debate on the best paradigm to analyze complex social interactions, arguing that Skinner’s three-term contingency - the conceptual tool created to analyze human behavior by decomposing it in three parts: discriminative stimulus, operant response and reinforcement/punishment - is the best unit of analysis since what is selected (...)
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  5.  50
    Behaviorism.John B. Watson - 1926 - Journal of Philosophy 23 (12):331-334.
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  6.  47
    Behaviorism and Psychology.A. Roback - 1927 - New Scholasticism 1 (2):198-199.
  7. Behaviorism And Logical Positivism: A Reassessment Of The Alliance.Laurence D. Smith - 1986 - Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    ONE Introduction The history of psychology in the twentieth century is a story of the divorce and remarriage of psychology and philosophy. ...
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  8. Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Socratic Pedagogy.Peter Boghossian - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (6):713–722.
    This paper examines the relationship among behaviorism, constructivism and Socratic pedagogy. Specifically, it asks if a Socratic educator can be a constructivist or a behaviorist. In the first part of the paper, each learning theory, as it relates to the Socratic project, is explained. In the last section, the question of whether or not a Socratic teacher can subscribe to a constructivist or a behaviorist learning theory is addressed. The paper concludes by stating that while Socratic pedagogy shares some (...)
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  9. Psychologism and Behaviorism.Ned Block - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):5-43.
    Let psychologism be the doctrine that whether behavior is intelligent behavior depends on the character of the internal information processing that produces it. More specifically, I mean psychologism to involve the doctrine that two systems could have actual and potential behavior _typical_ of familiar intelligent beings, that the two systems could be exactly alike in their actual and potential behavior, and in their behavioral dispositions and capacities and counterfactual behavioral properties (i.e., what behaviors, behavioral dispositions, and behavioral capacities they would (...)
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  10. Emergent Behaviorism.Peter R. Killeen - 1984 - Behaviorism 12 (2):25-39.
    In this article I examine Skinner's objections to mentalism. I conclude that his only valid objections concern the "specious explanations" that mentalism might afford ? explanations that are incomplete, circular, or faulty in other ways. Unfortunately, the mere adoption of behavioristic terminology does not solve that problem. It camouflages the nature of "private events," while providing no protection from specious explanations. I argue that covert states and events are causally effective, and may be sufficiently different in their nature to deserve (...)
     
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  11. Behaviorism.John B. Watson - 1927 - Mind 36 (141):77-83.
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  12. Revaluing the Behaviorist Ghost in Enactivism and Embodied Cognition.Nikolai Alksnis & Jack Alan Reynolds - 2019 - Synthese 198 (6):5785-5807.
    Despite its short historical moment in the sun, behaviorism has become something akin to a theoria non grata, a position that dare not be explicitly endorsed. The reasons for this are complex, of course, and they include sociological factors which we cannot consider here, but to put it briefly: many have doubted the ambition to establish law-like relationships between mental states and behavior that dispense with any sort of mentalistic or intentional idiom, judging that explanations of intelligent behavior require (...)
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  13. Behaviorism and Psychologism: Why Block’s Argument Against Behaviorism is Unsound.Hanoch Ben-Yami - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):179-186.
    Ned Block. Psychologism and behaviorism. Philosophical Review, 90, 5-43.) argued that a behaviorist conception of intelligence is mistaken, and that the nature of an agent's internal processes is relevant for determining whether the agent has intelligence. He did that by describing a machine which lacks intelligence, yet can answer questions put to it as an intelligent person would. The nature of his machine's internal processes, he concluded, is relevant for determining that it lacks intelligence. I argue against Block that (...)
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  14.  53
    Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism: An Assessment of Marras-Sellars Dialogue.William A. Rottschaefer - 1983 - Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-534.
    Sellars’ verbal behaviorism demands that linguistic episodes be conceptual in an underivative sense and his theoretical mentalism that thoughts as postulated theoretical entities be modelled on linguistic behaviors. Marras has contended that Sellars’ own methodology requires that semantic categories be theoretical. Thus linguistic behaviors can be conceptual in only a derivative sense. Further he claims that overt linguistic behaviors cannot serve as a model for all thought because thought is primarily symbolic. I support verbal behaviorism by showing that (...)
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  15.  15
    A Behavioristic Theory of Ideas.E. C. Tolman - 1926 - Psychological Review 33 (5):352-369.
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  16.  11
    Misrepresenting Behaviorism.Marc N. Branch - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):372-373.
  17. Behaviorism and Psychology.A. Roback - 1923 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 30 (3):8-9.
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  18.  48
    From Behaviorism to Neobehaviorism.Patrick Suppes - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (3):269-285.
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  19. Behaviorist John B. Watson and the Continuity of the Species.A. W. Logue - 1978 - Behaviorism 6 (1):71-81.
     
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  20.  43
    Behaviorism and the Philosophy of the Act.Laird Addis - 1982 - Noûs 16 (3):399-420.
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act are widely believed to be inconsistent with one another. I argue that both are true, Fulfilling the requirements of scientific psychology and the phenomenology of mind, Respectively. The key to understanding their mutual consistency lies in the idea of parallelism and its corresponding requirement that all descriptive features of mental states be analyzed as properties, None as relations (to anything physical). So the intentional link itself must be a 'logical' and not a (...)
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  21. Introduction: Behaviorism.Harris Savin - 1980 - In Ned Block (ed.), Readings in Philosophy of Psychology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. pp. 1--11.
     
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  22.  73
    Sellarsian Behaviorism, Davidsonian Interpretivism, and First Person Authority. [REVIEW]Richard N. Manning - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (2):1-24.
    Roughly, behaviorist accounts of self-knowledge hold that first persons acquire knowledge of their own minds in just the same way other persons do: by means of behavioral evidence. One obvious problem for such accounts is that the fail to explain the great asymmetry between the authority of first person as opposed to other person attributions of thoughts and other mental states and events. Another is that the means of acquisition seems so different: other persons must infer my mental contents from (...)
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  23.  21
    Behaviorism, Science, and Human Nature.Terry L. Smith - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (1):41-44.
  24. Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It.John B. Watson - 1913 - Psychological Review 101 (2):248-253.
  25.  15
    Radical Behaviorism and Theoretical Entities.G. E. Zuriff - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):572.
  26. Behaviorism and the Psychology of Language: An Historical Reassessment.R. P. Powell & A. W. Still - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (1):71-89.
  27.  23
    Behaviorism at Fifty.B. F. Skinner - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):615.
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  28. Behaviorism.George Graham - 2003 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  29.  57
    Behaviorism is False.Raymond J. Nelson - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (14):417-52.
  30.  6
    Behaviorism and Fallibilism in Educational Policy and Practice.David Neil Silk - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (3):291-296.
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  31.  37
    Functional Behaviorism: Where the Pain is Does Not Matter.A. W. Logue - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):66-66.
  32. A Widely Accepted but Nonetheless Astonishingly Flimsy Argument Against Analytical Behaviorism.David L. Boyer - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (1-2):153-172.
  33.  13
    The Behavioristic Interpretation of Consciousness. I.K. S. Lashley - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (4):237-272.
  34.  62
    A Behavioristic Account of the Significant Symbol.George H. Mead - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (6):157-163.
  35.  42
    Intentional Behaviorism.Gordon R. Foxall - 2007 - Behavior and Philosophy 35:57-60.
    Foxall's incorrect claims about behavior analysis arise from a failure to understand the stance of behavior analysis. Behavior analysis is the science of behavior; it is about behavior and not about organisms. It views behavioral events as natural events to be explained by other natural events. This view extends to verbal behavior. First-person statements and third-person statements, intentional or otherwise, are instances of behavior to be explained. Behavior analysis explains them by relating them to the history of context and consequences (...)
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  36.  1
    B. F. Skinner and Behaviorism in American Culture.Laurence D. Smith & William Ray Woodward (eds.) - 1996 - Bethlehem, PA: Associated Universities Press/Lehigh.
    This book is about the eminent behavioral scientist B. F. Skinner, the American culture in which he lived and worked, and the behaviorist movement that played a leading role in American psychological and social thought during the twentieth century. From a base of research on laboratory animals in the 1930s, Skinner built a committed and influential following as well as a utopian movement for social reform. His radical ideas attracted much public attention and generated heated controversy. By the mid-1970s, he (...)
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  37.  21
    Descriptive Behaviorism Versus Cognitive Theory in Verbal Operant Conditioning.Charles D. Spielberger & L. Douglas Denike - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (4):306-326.
  38. Why Behaviorism and Anti-Representationalism Are Untenable.Markus E. Schlosser - 2020 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 41:277–292.
    It is widely thought that philosophical behaviorism is an untenable and outdated theory of mind. It is generally agreed, in particular, that the view generates a vicious circularity problem. There is a standard solution to this problem for functionalism, which utilizes the formulation of Ramsey sentences. I will show that this solution is also available for behaviorism if we allow quantification over the causal bases of behavioral dispositions. Then I will suggest that behaviorism differs from functionalism mainly (...)
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  39.  23
    True Christians and Straw Behaviorists: Remarks on Hocutt.David L. Boyer - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):163-170.
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  40. Behaviorism and Logical Positivism: A Reassessment of the Alliance. [REVIEW]Laurence Smith - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (4).
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  41.  26
    Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism.Jay Moore - 2008 - Sloan.
    Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism is intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in courses within behavior analytic curricula dealing with conceptual foundations and radical behaviorism as a philosophy. Each chapter of the text presents what radical behaviorism says about an important topic in a science of behavior, and then contrasts the radical behaviorist perspective with that of other forms of behaviorism, as well as other forms of psychology.
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  42.  16
    Mindless Behaviorism, Bodiless Cognitivism, or Primatology?E. W. Menzel - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):258-259.
  43.  48
    Physicalism, Behaviorism and Phenomena.Herbert Hochberg - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (April):93-103.
    The issue of materialism has recently been raised again. Mr. Putnam argues against philosophical behaviorism [4]. Such a position holds, as he construes it, that statements like ‘Jones is angry’ can be analyzed in solely behavioral terms. When one argues against philosophical behaviorism, he might be expected to distinguish this metaphysical position from behavior science. Putnam, however, does not make the distinction. Consequently he argues against both. I shall first state the distinction between these two different things, namely, (...)
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  44.  48
    Enactivism, Pragmatism…Behaviorism?Louise Barrett - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (3):807-818.
    Shaun Gallagher applies enactivist thinking to a staggeringly wide range of topics in philosophy of mind and cognitive science, even venturing into the realms of biological anthropology. One prominent point Gallagher makes that the holistic approach of enactivism makes it less amenable to scientific investigation than the cognitivist framework it seeks to replace, and should be seen as a “philosophy of nature” rather than a scientific research program. Gallagher also gives truth to the saying that “if you want new ideas, (...)
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  45.  5
    Beyond Behaviorism.Vicki L. Lee - 1988 - L. Erlbaum Associates.
    Beyond Behaviorism explores and contrasts means and ends psychology with conventional psychology -- that of stimuli and response. The author develops this comparison by exploring the general nature of psychological phenomena and clarifying many persistent doubts about psychology. Dr. Lee contrasts conventional psychology (stimuli and responses) involving reductionistic, organocentric, and mechanistic metatheory with alternative psychology (means and ends) that is autonomous, contextual, and evolutionary.
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  46.  21
    Behaviorism and Deconstruction: A Comment on Morse Peckham's "The Infinitude of Pluralism".M. H. Abrams - 1977 - Critical Inquiry 4 (1):181-193.
    Peckham claims that my "behavior" in dealing with the quotations in Natural Supernaturalism is the same, in methodology and validity, as the interpretative behavior of Booth's waiter. But the great bulk of the utterances in my quotations—and no less, of the utterances constituting Peckham's own essay—do not consist of orders, requests, or commands. Instead, they consist of assertions, descriptions, judgments, exclamations, approbations, condemnations, and many other kinds of speech-acts, the meanings of which are not related to my interpretative behavior, even (...)
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  47.  68
    Behaviorism, Finite Automata, and Stimulus Response Theory.Raymond J. Nelson - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.
    In this paper it is argued that certain stimulus-response learning models which are adequate to represent finite automata (acceptors) are not adequate to represent noninitial state input-output automata (transducers). This circumstance suggests the question whether or not the behavior of animals if satisfactorily modelled by automata is predictive. It is argued in partial answer that there are automata which can be explained in the sense that their transition and output functions can be described (roughly, Hempel-type covering law explanation) while their (...)
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  48. Behaviorism: A Conceptual Reconstruction.G. E. Zuriff - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (1):77-82.
     
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  49. Spartans and Behaviorists.George Graham - 1982 - Behaviorism 10 (2):137-149.
  50. Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior.Fred Keijzer - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum (...)
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