Results for 'Beith Donald Jack'

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  1. The Birth of Sense: Generative Passivity in Merleau-Ponty's Philosophy.Donald Beith - 2018 - Ohio University Press.
    In The Birth of Sense, Don Beith proposes a new concept of generative passivity, the idea that our organic, psychological, and social activities take time to develop into sense. More than being a limit, passivity marks out the way in which organisms, persons, and interbodily systems take time in order to manifest a coherent sense. Beith situates his argument within contemporary debates about evolution, developmental biology, scientific causal explanations, psychology, postmodernism, social constructivism, and critical race theory. Drawing on (...)
     
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  2.  8
    Persistence: The Role of Partial Reinforcement in Psychotherapy.Jack R. Nation & Donald J. Woods - 1980 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 109 (2):175-207.
  3. Completeness Results for Circumscription.Donald Perlis & Jack Minker - 1986 - Artificial Intelligence 28 (1):29-42.
  4. Jack London's "to Build a Fire": How Not to Read Naturalist Fiction.Donald Pizer - 2010 - Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 218-227.
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  5. The Authority and Interpretation of the Bible.Jack B. Rogers & Donald K. McKim - 1979
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  6.  11
    The Effects of Schedules of Reinforcement and Gradual or Abrupt Increases in Reward Magnitude on Resistance to Extinction.Jack R. Nation & Donald Durst - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (6):425-427.
  7.  10
    Science at Oxford, 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University. Jack Morrell.Donald Fleming - 1999 - Isis 90 (2):388-389.
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  8.  17
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Donald Vandenberg, Robert Nicholas Berard, Erskine S. Dottin, John Dreijmanis, Mary Jim Josephs, Karen Seashore Louis, Jack L. Nelson, David Leo-Nyquist & Arthur G. Wirth - 1992 - Educational Studies 23 (3):319-367.
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    Controllability Modulates the Anticipatory Response in the Human Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex.Deborah L. Kerr, Donald G. McLaren, Robin M. Mathy & Jack B. Nitschke - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  10. Matthew: Structure, Christology, Kingdom.Jack Dean Kingsbury & Donald P. Senior - 1975
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  11.  11
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Richard LaBreque, Donald Arstine, Nathan Kravetz, William Duffy, Walter P. Krolikowski, Erwin H. Goldenstein, Daniel V. Collins, Jack Willers, Margaret K. Yaure, Gertrude Langsam, Edward B. Goellner, Lorraine Harner & Lewis E. Cloud - 1980 - Educational Studies 11 (3):310-326.
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  12.  16
    Book Reviews Section 3.Evelyn Weber, Malcolm B. Campbell, Paul R. Klohr, Virgil A. Clift, Charles M. Galloway, Donald Arstine, William C. Bailey, Maurice P. Hunt, J. Junius Johnson, Max Bailey, Eleanor Leacock, Jack Otis & Earl F. Rankin - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):44-53.
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  13.  25
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Cyril O. Houle, Douglas E. Foley, Theodore A. Koschler, Donald F. Gerdy, John R. Shea, Lawrence D. Haskew, William E. Barron, Robert J. Nash, Ruth B. Johnson, Carl R. Ashbaugh, John H. Walker, A. C. Murphy, Earl J. Mcgrath, Jack C. Willers, William E. Drake, James E. Wagener, Billy F. Cowart, William Jefferson Mathis, Samuel E. Kellams, Ira S. Steinberg, Willis H. Griffin, Eugene E. Grollmes & Allan W. Purdy - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):53-67.
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  14.  18
    Parmenidean Tendencies in the Epoché.Donald B. Kuspit - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (4):739 - 770.
    Whatever scholarly and intellectual reasons are given for the regression to the Pre-Socratics in contemporary philosophy, the regression itself is part of philosophy's effort to recover vitality and imagination spent withstanding onslaughts that sought to dispense with it, or at least reduce it to an accessory role in the service of science. Where philosophy was once handmaiden to theology, it is now pressed into the service of natural science, as a clarifier of concepts, a purifier of perception, and, in general, (...)
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  15.  3
    Ejecting Protestors, Interpellating Supporters: The Interactional Pragmatics of Expulsion at Trump’s Campaign Rallies.Jack Sidnell - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (231):1-25.
    During his campaign for president in 2016, Donald Trump repeatedly instructed his supporters and event security to remove protesters from his rallies, most often, by issuing a directive to “get them out”. These occasions, far from being a distraction from the political process, emerged as potent rituals of participation and the activity of removing protestors became a tool of interactional messaging. Specifically, activities of ejecting protestors were semiotically and discursively elaborated so as to cast them as the virtual realizations (...)
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  16. The Mind of Donald Davidson.Donald Davidson - 1989 - Netherlands: Rodopi.
  17. Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules, and the Problem of the External World.Jack Lyons - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers solutions to two persistent and I believe closely related problems in epistemology. The first problem is that of drawing a principled distinction between perception and inference: what is the difference between seeing that something is the case and merely believing it on the basis of what we do see? The second problem is that of specifying which beliefs are epistemologically basic (i.e., directly, or noninferentially, justified) and which are not. I argue that what makes a belief a (...)
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  18. The Moral Justification of Benefit/Cost Analysis: Donald C. Hubin.Donald C. Hubin - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):169-194.
    Benefit/cost analysis is a technique for evaluating programs, procedures, and actions; it is not a moral theory. There is significant controversy over the moral justification of benefit/cost analysis. When a procedure for evaluating social policy is challenged on moral grounds, defenders frequently seek a justification by construing the procedure as the practical embodiment of a correct moral theory. This has the apparent advantage of avoiding difficult empirical questions concerning such matters as the consequences of using the procedure. So, for example, (...)
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  19.  8
    The Truth of Mysticism: JACK C. CARLOYE.Jack C. Carloye - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (1):1-13.
    In spite of many claims by people who have had the kind of mystical experiences that I want to discuss, such experiences do not reveal any reality beyond the experience itself; nor does the experience itself constitute a cosmic principle such as the Godhead, Absolute, One or Chaos. These experiences are in the last analysis merely subjective experiences. I say ‘merely’ here only to deny that the experiences have any significance for the cosmologists; not to deny that the experience has (...)
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  20.  4
    A Meltzer Reader: Selections From the Writings of Donald Meltzer.Donald Meltzer - 2010 - Published for the Harris Meltzer Trust by Karnac Books.
    The book introduces to readers the scope and nature of Meltzer’s contribution, and suggests the wider social context in which he saw psychoanalysis.
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  21. The Myth of Passage.Donald C. Williams - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (15):457-472.
  22. Perception and Intuition of Evaluative Properties.Jack C. Lyons - 2018 - In Anna Bergqvist & Robert Cowan (eds.), Evaluative Perception.
    Outside of philosophy, ‘intuition’ means something like ‘knowing without knowing how you know’. Intuition in this broad sense is an important epistemological category. I distinguish intuition from perception and perception from perceptual experience, in order to discuss the distinctive psychological and epistemological status of evaluative property attributions. Although it is doubtful that we perceptually experience many evaluative properties and also somewhat unlikely that we perceive many evaluative properties, it is highly plausible that we intuit many instances of evaluative properties as (...)
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  23. An Argument Against Causal Decision Theory.Jack Spencer - 2021 - Analysis 81 (1):52-61.
    This paper develops an argument against causal decision theory. I formulate a principle of preference, which I call the Guaranteed Principle. I argue that the preferences of rational agents satisfy the Guaranteed Principle, that the preferences of agents who embody causal decision theory do not, and hence that causal decision theory is false.
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  24. Unconscious Evidence.Jack Lyons - 2016 - Philosophical Issues 26 (1):243-262.
    Can beliefs that are not consciously formulated serve as part of an agent's evidence for other beliefs? A common view says no, any belief that is psychologically immediate is also epistemically immediate. I argue that some unconscious beliefs can serve as evidence, but other unconscious beliefs cannot. Person-level beliefs can serve as evidence, but subpersonal beliefs cannot. I try to clarify the nature of the personal/subpersonal distinction and to show how my proposal illuminates various epistemological problems and provides a principled (...)
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  25.  29
    Law's Halo: DONALD H. REGAN.Donald H. Regan - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (1):15-30.
    Like many people these days, I believe there is no general moral obligation to obey the law. I shall explain why there is no such moral obligation – and I shall clarify what I mean when I say there is no moral obligation to obey the law – as we proceed. But also like many people, I am unhappy with a position that would say there was no moral obligation to obey the law and then say no more about the (...)
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  26. Exchange Between Donald Davidson and WV Quine Following Davidson's Lecture.Donald Davidson & W. V. Quine - 1994 - Theoria 60 (3):226-231.
     
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  27.  2
    Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language: An Introduction.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 1989 - Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, (...)
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  28.  74
    Hume's Difficulty: Time and Identity in the Treatise.Donald L. M. Baxter - 2008 - New York: Routledge.
    In this volume--the first, focused study of Hume on time and identity--Baxter focuses on Hume’s treatment of the concept of numerical identity, which is central to Hume's famous discussions of the external world and personal identity. Hume raises a long unappreciated, and still unresolved, difficulty with the concept of identity: how to represent something as "a medium betwixt unity and number." Superficial resemblance to Frege’s famous puzzle has kept the difficulty in the shadows. Hume’s way of addressing it makes sense (...)
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  29.  83
    The Value of Rational Nature.Donald H. Regan - 2002 - Ethics 112 (2):267-291.
  30.  9
    Paternalism: Jack Lively.Jack Lively - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:147-165.
    What I wish to do in this paper is to look at a part of John Stuart Mill's ‘one very simple principle’ for determining the limits of state intervention. This principle is, you will remember, that ‘the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant.’.
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  31. The Game of Belief.Barry Maguire & Jack Woods - 2020 - Philosophical Review 129 (2):211-249.
    It is plausible that there are epistemic reasons bearing on a distinctively epistemic standard of correctness for belief. It is also plausible that there are a range of practical reasons bearing on what to believe. These theses are often thought to be in tension with each other. Most significantly for our purposes, it is obscure how epistemic reasons and practical reasons might interact in the explanation of what one ought to believe. We draw an analogy with a similar distinction between (...)
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  32. The Authority of Formality.Jack Woods - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 13.
    Etiquette and other merely formal normative standards like legality, honor, and rules of games are taken less seriously than they should be. While these standards are not intrinsically reason-providing in the way morality is often taken to be, they also play an important role in our practical lives: we collectively treat them as important for assessing the behavior of ourselves and others and as licensing particular forms of sanction for violations. This chapter develops a novel account of the normativity of (...)
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  33.  42
    Explaining Economic Change: The Interplay Between Cognition and Institutions: Jack Knight and Douglass North.Jack Knight - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (3):211-226.
    Economic theory is built on assumptions about human behavior—assumptions embodied in rational-choice theory. Underlying these assumptions are implicit notions about how we think and learn. These implicit notions are fundamentally important to social explanation. The very plausibility of the explanations that we develop out of rational-choice theory rests crucially on the accuracy of these notions about cognition and rationality. But there is a basic problem: There is often very little relationship between the assumptions that rational-choice theorists make and the way (...)
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  34. In Defense of Adaptive Preferences.Donald W. Bruckner - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 142 (3):307 - 324.
    An adaptive preference is a preference that is regimented in response to an agent’s set of feasible options. The fabled fox in the sour grapes story undergoes an adaptive preference change. I consider adaptive preferences more broadly, to include adaptive preference formation as well. I argue that many adaptive preferences that other philosophers have cast out as irrational sour-grapes-like preferences are actually fully rational preferences worthy of pursuit. I offer a means of distinguishing rational and worthy adaptive preferences from irrational (...)
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  35. An Individual Reality, Separate From Oneself: Alienation and Sociality in Moral Theory.Jack Samuel - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    I argue that the social dimension of alienation, as discussed by Williams and Railton, has been underappreciated. The lesson typically drawn from their exchange is that moral theory poses a threat to the internal integrity of the agent, but there is a parallel risk that moral theory will implicitly construe agents as constitutively alienated from one another. I argue that a satisfying account of agency will need to make room for what I call ‘genuine ethical contact’ with others, both as (...)
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  36. Logical Partisanhood.Jack Woods - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (5):1203-1224.
    A natural suggestion and increasingly popular account of how to revise our logical beliefs treats revision of logic analogously to the revision of scientific theories. I investigate this approach and argue that simple applications of abductive methodology to logic result in revision-cycles, developing a detailed case study of an actual dispute with this property. This is problematic if we take abductive methodology to provide justification for revising our logical framework. I then generalize the case study, pointing to similarities with more (...)
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  37.  16
    Donald MacKenzie;, Judy Wajcman . The Social Shaping of Technology. Xviii + 462 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. 1985. Buckingham, U.K./Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1999. $27.95. [REVIEW]Donald deB Beaver - 2002 - Isis 93 (3):476-477.
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    The Collapse of Chaos: Discovering Simplicity in a Complex World.Jack Cohen - 1994 - Viking Press.
    Jack Cohen and Ian Stewart explore the ability of complicated rules to generate simple behaviour in nature through 'the collapse of chaos'.
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  39. Why Take Both Boxes?Jack Spencer & Ian Wells - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (1):27-48.
    The crucial premise of the standard argument for two-boxing in Newcomb's problem, a causal dominance principle, is false. We present some counterexamples. We then offer a metaethical explanation for why the counterexamples arise. Our explanation reveals a new and superior argument for two-boxing, one that eschews the causal dominance principle in favor of a principle linking rational choice to guidance and actual value maximization.
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  40. Essays on Actions and Events: Philosophical Essays Volume 1.Donald Davidson - 2001 - Clarendon Press.
    Donald Davidson has prepared a new edition of his classic 1980 collection of Essays on Actions and Events, including two additional essays. In this seminal investigation of the nature of human action, Davidson argues for an ontology which includes events along with persons and other objects. Certain events are identified and explained as actions when they are viewed as caused and rationalized by reasons; these same events, when described in physical, biological, or physiological terms, may be explained by appeal (...)
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  41. Coming in to the Foodshed.Jack Kloppenburg, John Hendrickson & G. W. Stevenson - 1996 - Agriculture and Human Values 13 (3):33-42.
    Bioregionalists have championed the utility of the concept of the watershed as an organizing framework for thought and action directed to understanding and implementing appropriate and respectful human interaction with particular pieces of land. In a creative analogue to the watershed, permaculturist Arthur Getz has recently introduced the term “foodshed” to facilitate critical thought about where our food is coming from and how it is getting to us. We find the “foodshed” to be a particularly rich and evocative metaphor; but (...)
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  42.  49
    Robert Malthus: Christian Moral Scientist, Arch-Demoralizer or Implicit Secular Utilitarian?*: Donald Winch.Donald Winch - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):239-253.
    John Maynard Keynes, in a biographical essay that is as remarkable for the insight it provides into his own thinking as for what it says about its subject, described the trajectory of Malthus's intellectual career as follows: ‘from being a caterpillar of a moral scientist and chrysalis of an historian, he could at last spread the wings of his thought and survey the world as an economist’. Malthus himself had resisted this conclusion in the introduction to his Principles of Political (...)
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  43.  81
    Biological Individuality: The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities.Jack Wilson - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    What makes a biological entity an individual? Jack Wilson shows that past philosophers have failed to explicate the conditions an entity must satisfy to be a living individual. He explores the reason for this failure and explains why we should limit ourselves to examples involving real organisms rather than thought experiments. This book explores and resolves paradoxes that arise when one applies past notions of individuality to biological examples beyond the conventional range and presents an analysis of identity and (...)
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  44.  5
    Critical Realism, Critical Discourse Analysis, and the Morphogenetic Approach.Jack Newman - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (5):433-455.
    ABSTRACT This paper contributes to the development of a critical realist approach to discourse analysis by combining aspects of ‘critical discourse analysis’ and ‘the morphogenetic/morphostatic approach’. Unlike poststructuralist discourse theory, CDA insists on the maintenance of two distinctions: between discourse and other aspects of social reality; between structure and agency. However, CDA lacks clarity on these distinctions. M/m, on the other hand, offers a coherent modelling of these distinctions that can underpin the application of CDA. The paper begins by introducing (...)
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  45. Rational monism and rational pluralism.Jack Spencer - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (6):1769-1800.
    Consequentialists often assume rational monism: the thesis that options are always made rationally permissible by the maximization of the selfsame quantity. This essay argues that consequentialists should reject rational monism and instead accept rational pluralism: the thesis that, on different occasions, options are made rationally permissible by the maximization of different quantities. The essay then develops a systematic form of rational pluralism which, unlike its rivals, is capable of handling both the Newcomb problems that challenge evidential decision theory and the (...)
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  46. A Theory of Psychological Reactance.Jack Williams Brehm - 1966 - New York: Academic Press.
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  47. Against Reflective Equilibrium for Logical Theorizing.Jack Woods - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Logic 16 (7):319.
    I distinguish two ways of developing anti-exceptionalist approaches to logical revision. The first emphasizes comparing the theoretical virtuousness of developed bodies of logical theories, such as classical and intuitionistic logic. I'll call this whole theory comparison. The second attempts local repairs to problematic bits of our logical theories, such as dropping excluded middle to deal with intuitions about vagueness. I'll call this the piecemeal approach. I then briefly discuss a problem I've developed elsewhere for comparisons of logical theories. Essentially, the (...)
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  48. Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality.Ernest Lepore & Kirk Ludwig - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig present the definitive critical exposition of the philosophical system of Donald Davidson. Davidson 's ideas had a deep and broad influence in the central areas of philosophy; he presented them in brilliant essays over four decades, but never set out explicitly the overarching scheme in which they all have their place. Lepore's and Ludwig's book will therefore be the key work, besides Davidson 's own, for understanding one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth (...)
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  49.  21
    The Merleau-Ponty Dictionary.Donald A. Landes - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961) is one of the central figures of 20th-century Continental philosophy, and his work has been hugely influential in a wide range of fields. His writings engage in the study of perception, language, politics, aesthetics, history and ontology, and represent a rich and complex network of exciting ideas. -/- The Merleau-Ponty Dictionary provides the reader and student of Merleau-Ponty with all the tools necessary to engage with this key thinker: a comprehensive A to Z that provides summaries of (...)
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  50. Able to Do the Impossible.Jack Spencer - 2017 - Mind 126 (502):466-497.
    According to a widely held principle—the poss-ability principle—an agent, S, is able to only if it is metaphysically possible for S to. I argue against the poss-ability principle by developing a novel class of counterexamples. I then argue that the consequences of rejecting the poss-ability principle are interesting and far-reaching.
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