Results for 'Belief and doubt Psychology'

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  1. Scientific and Religious Belief.Paul Weingartner, Elena Klevakina-Uljanov, Gerhard Schurz & International Conference on Scientific and Religious Belief - 1994
     
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  2.  21
    From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief.Stephen Stich - 1982 - In a Woodfield (ed.), Philosophical Review. MIT Press. pp. 418-421.
  3.  33
    Universal Belief-Desire Psychology? A Dilemma for Theory Theory and Simulation Theory.Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (5):744-764.
    In this article we take issue with theory theory and simulation theory accounts of folk psychology committed to (i) the belief-desire (BD) model and (ii) the assumption of universality (AU). Recent studies cast doubt on the compatibility of these commitments because they reveal considerable cross-cultural differences in folk psychologies. We present both theory theory and simulation theory with the following dilemma: either (i) keep the BD-model as an account of the surface properties of specific explicit folk psychologies (...)
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  4. The Nature of Doubt and a New Puzzle About Belief, Doubt, and Confidence.Andrew Moon - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    In this paper, I present and defend a novel account of doubt. In Part 1, I make some preliminary observations about the nature of doubt. In Part 2, I introduce a new puzzle about the relationship between three psychological states: doubt, belief, and confidence. I present this puzzle because my account of doubt emerges as a possible solution to it. Lastly, in Part 3, I elaborate on and defend my account of doubt. Roughly, one (...)
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  5. From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief.Stephen P. Stich - 1983 - MIT Press.
  6. Belief and Well-Being: An Exploration of Indian Psyche.Sadhan Chakraborti (ed.) - 2009 - Gangchil.
  7.  54
    Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing.David Rose, Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniūnas, Emma E. Buchtel, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In-Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Florian Cova, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles Eraña Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour & Maurice Grinberg - forthcoming - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy.
    Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subjects assertion that p matches her non-verbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from nearly 6,000 people across twenty-six samples, spanning twenty-two countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we suggest that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when (...)
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  8.  32
    Brain & Belief: An Exploration of the Human Soul.John J. McGraw - 2004 - Aegis Press.
    In this intriguing book, the concept of the soul is thoroughly investigated.
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  9.  5
    Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno‐Mentalizing.Rose David, Machery Edouard, Stich Stephen, Alai Mario, Angelucci Adriano, Berniūnas Renatas, E. Buchtel Emma, Chatterjee Amita, Cheon Hyundeuk, Cho In‐Rae, Cohnitz Daniel, Cova Florian, Dranseika Vilius, Lagos Ángeles Eraña, Ghadakpour Laleh, Grinberg Maurice, Hannikainen Ivar, Hashimoto Takaaki, Horowitz Amir, Hristova Evgeniya, Jraissati Yasmina, Kadreva Veselina, Karasawa Kaori, Kim Hackjin, Kim Yeonjeong, Lee Minwoo, Mauro Carlos, Mizumoto Masaharu, Moruzzi Sebastiano, Y. Olivola Christopher, Ornelas Jorge, Osimani Barbara, Romero Carlos, Rosas Alejandro, Sangoi Massimo, Sereni Andrea, Songhorian Sarah, Sousa Paulo, Struchiner Noel, Tripodi Vera, Usui Naoki, del Mercado Alejandro Vázquez, Volpe Giorgio, A. Vosgerichian Hrag, Zhang Xueyi & Zhu Jing - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):193-203.
    Is behavioral integration a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from over 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light (...)
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  10.  12
    Thomas More and the Christian 'Superstition': A Puzzle for Hume's Psychology of Religious Belief.Rico Vitz - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3-4):223-244.
    In this paper, I examine one particular element of Hume’s psychology of religious belief. More specifically, I attempt to elucidate his account of what I call the sustaining causes of religious belief—that is, those causes that keep religious beliefs alive in modern human societies. In attempting to make some progress at clarifying this element of Hume’s psychology, I examine one particular ‘experiment’—namely, the case of Thomas More, a man who is, by Hume’s own admission, a person (...)
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  11.  62
    Belief Attribution in Science: Folk Psychology Under Theoretical Stress.J. D. Trout - 1991 - Synthese 87 (June):379-400.
    Some eliminativists have predicted that a developed neuroscience will eradicate the principles and theoretical kinds (belief, desire, etc.) implicit in our ordinary practices of mental state attribution. Prevailing defenses of common-sense psychology infer its basic integrity from its familiarity and instrumental success in everyday social commerce. Such common-sense defenses charge that eliminativist arguments are self-defeating in their folk psychological appeal to the belief that eliminativism is true. I argue that eliminativism is untouched by this simple charge of (...)
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  12.  9
    Assertion and Conditionals.Peter Carruthers & Anthony Appiah - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):566.
    This book develops in detail the simple idea that assertion is the expression of belief. In it the author puts forward a version of 'probabilistic semantics' which acknowledges that we are not perfectly rational, and which offers a significant advance in generality on theories of meaning couched in terms of truth conditions. It promises to challenge a number of entrenched and widespread views about the relations of language and mind. Part I presents a functionalist account of belief, worked (...)
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  13. Autonomous Psychology and the Belief/Desire Thesis.Stephen P. Stich - 1978 - The Monist 61 (October):573-91.
  14. Rationality, Folk Psychology, and the Belief-Opinion Distinction.Simone Gozzano - 1994 - Acta Analytica 12 (12):113-123.
    The aim of this paper is to clarify the role of the distinction between belief and opinion in the light of Dennett's intentional stance. In particular, I consider whether the distinction could be used for a defence of the stance from various criticisms. I will then apply the distinction to the so-called `paradoxes of irrationality'. In this context I will propose that we should avoid the postulation of `boundaries' or `gaps' within the mind, and will attempt to show that (...)
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  15. Pragmatic Encroachment and Belief-Desire Psychology.Jonathan Ichikawa, Benjamin Jarvis & Katherine Rubin - 2012 - Analytic Philosophy 53 (4):327-343.
    We develop a novel challenge to pragmatic encroachment. The significance of belief-desire psychology requires treating questions about what to believe as importantly prior to questions about what to do; pragmatic encroachment undermines that priority, and therefore undermines the significance of belief-desire psychology. This, we argue, is a higher cost than has been recognized by epistemologists considering embracing pragmatic encroachment.
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  16.  61
    From Cognitive Science to Folk Psychology: Computation, Mental Representation, and Belief.Terence E. Horgan - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (2):449-484.
  17. Doubt, Belief, and Knowledge.Sibajiban Bhattacharyya - 1987 - Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Allied Publishers.
     
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  18.  46
    Belief in Psychology: A Study in the Ontology of Mind.Jay L. Garfield - 1988 - MIT Press.
  19.  52
    Belief, Doubt and Reason: C. S. Peirce on Education.Donald J. Cunningham, James B. Schreiber & Connie M. Moss - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (2):177–189.
    In this paper, we explore Peirce's work for insights into a theory of learning and cognition for education. Our focus for this exploration is Peirce's paper The Fixation of Belief (FOB), originally published in 1877 in Popular Science Monthly. We begin by examining Peirce's assertion that the study of logic is essential for understanding thought and reasoning. We explicate Peirce's view of the nature of reasoning itself—the characteristic guiding principles or ‘habits of mind’ that underlie acts of inference, the (...)
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  20. In Search of Meaning: Some Thoughts on Belief, Doubt, and Well Being.A. J. Marsella - 1999 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 18 (1):41-52.
    The relationship between personal meaning, belief systems, and health and wellbeing is discussed. It is argued that our conceptions of health and wellbeing must incorporate a concern for spirituality. As information is processed via our senses in the course of human development, we gradually construct complex belief systems, including worldviews, life-philosophies, religions, mythologies, and spiritual paths. Though differing in content, these complex belief systems guide our behavior and provide us with a sense of personal meaning. However, meaning-making (...)
     
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  21. The Roots of Knowledge.Nathan Stemmer - 1983 - St. Martin's Press.
     
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  22. The Art of Self-Persuasion: The Social Explanation of False Beliefs.Raymond Boudon - 1994 - Polity.
     
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  23.  97
    Delusions and Brain Injury: The Philosophy and Psychology of Belief.Tony Stone & Andrew W. Young - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):327-64.
    Circumscribed delusional beliefs can follow brain injury. We suggest that these involve anomalous perceptual experiences created by a deficit to the person's perceptual system, and misinterpretation of these experiences due to biased reasoning. We use the Capgras delusion (the claim that one or more of one's close relatives has been replaced by an exact replica or impostor) to illustrate this argument. Our account maintains that people voicing this delusion suffer an impairment that leads to faces being perceived as drained of (...)
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  24. Studies in the Philosophy of Mind: Essays,.Harold I. Brown (ed.) - 1972 - Blackwell.
     
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  25.  9
    This Incredible Need to Believe.Julia Kristeva - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    The big question mark (in guise of a preface) -- This incredible need to believe : interview with Carmine Donzelli -- From Jesus to Mozart : Christianity's difference? -- Suffering : Lenten lectures, March 19, 2006 -- The genius of Vatholicism -- Don't be afraid of European culture.
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  26.  10
    Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and Their Histories.Wallace I. Matson - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Accessibly written, this is a book for all who are interested in the foundations of 21st century thought and who wonder where the cracks might be.
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  27. Croire N'est Pas Penser: Réflexions d'Un Psychanalyste.Bernard W. Sigg - 2010 - Golias.
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  28.  43
    On-Line False Belief Understanding ≪em Class="a-Plus-Plus"≫Qua≪/Em≫ Folk Psychology?Martin Capstick - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):27-40.
    In this paper, I address Mitchell Herschbach’s arguments against the phenomenological critics of folk psychology. Central to Herschbach’s arguments is the introduction of Michael Wheeler’s distinction between ‘on-line’ and ‘off-line’ intelligence to the debate on social understanding. Herschbach uses this distinction to describe two arguments made by the phenomenological critics. The first is that folk psychology is exclusively off-line and mentalistic. The second is that social understanding is on-line and non-mentalistic. To counter the phenomenological critics, Herschbach argues for (...)
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  29.  46
    Science, Belief, and Behaviour: Essays in Honour of R. B. Braithwaite.R. B. Braithwaite & D. H. Mellor (eds.) - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is a collection of original essays by eminent philosophers written for R. B. Braithwaite's eightieth birthday to celebrate his work and teaching. In one way or another, all the essays reflect his central concern with the impact of science on our beliefs about the world and the responses appropriate to that. Together they testify to the signal importance of his contributions in areas of philosophy bearing on this concern: the philosophy of science, especially of the statistical sciences, theories (...)
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  30. False-Belief Understanding and the Phenomenological Critics of Folk Psychology.Mitchell Herschbach - 2008 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (12):33-56.
    The dominant account of human social understanding is that we possess a 'folk psychology', that we understand and can interact with other people because we appreciate their mental states. Recently, however, philosophers from the phenomenological tradition have called into question the scope of the folk psychological account and argued for the importance of 'online', non-mentalistic forms of social understanding. In this paper I critically evaluate the arguments of these phenomenological critics, arguing that folk psychology plays a larger role (...)
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  31.  4
    Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing.Rose David, Machery Edouard, Stich Stephen, Alai Mario, Angelucci Adriano, Berniūnas Renatas, E. Buchtel Emma, Chatterjee Amita, Cheon Hyundeuk, Cho In-Rae, Cohnitz Daniel, Cova Florian, Dranseika Vilius, Lagos Ángeles Eraña, Ghadakpour Laleh, Grinberg Maurice, Hannikainen Ivar, Hashimoto Takaaki, Horowitz Amir, Hristova Evgeniya, Jraissati Yasmina, Kadreva Veselina, Karasawa Kaori, Kim Hackjin, Kim Yeonjeong, Lee Minwoo, Mauro Carlos, Mizumoto Masaharu, Moruzzi Sebastiano, Y. Olivola Christopher, Ornelas Jorge, Osimani Barbara, Romero Carlos, Rosas Alejandro, Sangoi Massimo, Sereni Andrea, Songhorian Sarah, Sousa Paulo, Struchiner Noel, Tripodi Vera, Usui Naoki, Mercado Alejandro Vázquez del, Volpe Giorgio, A. Vosgerichian Hrag, Zhang Xueyi & Zhu Jing - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):193-203.
    Is behavioral integration a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from over 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light (...)
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  32.  59
    On Diffidence: The Moral Psychology of Self-Belief.Richard Smith - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):51–62.
    The language of self‐belief, including terms like shyness and diffidence, is complex and puzzling. The idea of self‐esteem in particular, which has been given fresh currency by recent interest in ‘personalised learning’, continues to create problems. I argue first that we need a ‘thicker’ and more subtle moral psychology of self‐belief; and, secondly, that there is a radical instability in the ideas and concepts in this area, an instability to which justice needs to be done. I suggest (...)
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  33. Words About Young Minds: The Concepts of Theory, Representation, and Belief in Philosophy and Developmental Psychology.Eric Schwitzgebel - 1997 - Dissertation, University of California Berkeley
    In this dissertation, I examine three philosophically important concepts that play a foundational role in developmental psychology: theory, representation, and belief. I describe different ways in which the concepts have been understood and present reasons why a developmental psychologist, or a philosopher attuned to cognitive development, should prefer one understanding of these concepts over another.
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  34.  10
    Suspending Belief and Suspending Doubt: The Everyday and the Virtual in Practices of Factuality. [REVIEW]Nicolas J. Zaunbrecher - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (4):519-537.
    From an ethnomethodological perspective, this article describes social actors’ everyday and virtual stances in terms of their practices of provisional doubt and belief for the purpose of fact-establishment. Facts are iterated, reinforced, elaborated, and transformed via phenomenal practices configuring relations of equipment, interpretation, and method organized as “other” than, but relevant to, the everyday. Such practices in scientific research involve forms of suspended belief; in other areas they can instead involve forms of suspended doubt. As an (...)
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  35.  4
    The Role of Emotional Interpretants in Peirce’s Theory of Belief and Doubt.Jean-Marie Chevalier - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):483.
    The theory of emotional interpretant is mentioned only a few times in Peirce’s works. My hypothesis is that if Peirce did not develop this concept through and through, and reflected on it only very late in his writings, it is because it had been implicit in almost all his previous epistemological and semiotic works. The qualitative nature which defines belief and doubt makes the whole theory of inquiry rely on feelings, and is a consistent part of the characterization (...)
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  36. Thomas More and the Christian ‘Superstition’: A Puzzle for Hume’s Psychology of Religious Belief.Rico Vitz - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3/4):223-244.
    In this paper, I examine one particular element of Hume’s psychology of religious belief. More specifically, I attempt to elucidate his account of what I call the sustaining causes of religious belief—that is, those causes that keep religious beliefs alive in modern human societies. In attempting to make some progress at clarifying this element of Hume’s psychology, I examine one particular ‘experiment’— namely, the case of Thomas More, a man who is, by Hume’s own admission, a (...)
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  37.  23
    Belief in Psychology.Frank Fair - 1989 - Teaching Philosophy 12 (3):293-296.
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  38. "Belief in Psychology: A Study in the Ontology of Mind", Par Jay L. Garfield. [REVIEW]Denis Fisette - 1993 - Dialogue 32:208.
     
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  39.  3
    Belief in Psychology : A Study in the Ontology of Mind Jay L. Garfield Collection «A Bradford Book» Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1988, Xii, 168 P. [REVIEW]Denis Fisette - 1993 - Dialogue 32 (01):208-.
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  40. Belief in Psychology: A Study in the Ontology of Mind. [REVIEW]Frank Fair - 1989 - Teaching Philosophy 12 (3):293-296.
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  41. Belief in psychology. A study in the ontology of mind.Jay L. Garfield - 1991 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 181 (3):346-347.
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  42. Belief in Psychology: A Study in the Ontology of Mind.Gabriel Segal & Jay L. Garfield - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (3):463.
  43.  68
    Inside Doubt: On the Non-Identity of the Theory of Mind and Propositional Attitude Psychology[REVIEW]David Landy - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):399-414.
    Eliminative materialism is a popular view of the mind which holds that propositional attitudes, the typical units of our traditional understanding, are unsupported by modern connectionist psychology and neuroscience, and consequently that propositional attitudes are a poor scientific postulate, and do not exist. Since our traditional folk psychology employs propositional attitudes, the usual argument runs, it too represents a poor theory, and may in the future be replaced by a more successful neurologically grounded theory, resulting in a drastic (...)
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  44.  17
    Personal Agency Across Generations: Evolutionary Psychology or Religious Belief?Joseph Loizzo - 2011 - Sophia 50 (3):429-452.
    Although the authors of modern scientific psychology agreed on precious little, Freud and Jung both insisted that any complete science of psychology requires some way to explain the intergenerational inheritance of character traits or personal habits of mind and action. Yet neither they nor their heirs in contemporary philosophy, psychology or cognitive science have been able to provide a plausible conceptual framework, much less a mechanism to account for the conservation of forms of personal agency across multiple (...)
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  45.  14
    The Pragmatic Mind: Explorations in the Psychology of Belief.Mark Bauerlein - 1997 - Duke University Press.
    _The Pragmatic Mind_ is a study of the pragmatism of Emerson, James, and Peirce and its overlooked relevance for the neopragmatism of thinkers like Richard Rorty, Stanley Cavell, Stanley Fish, and Cornel West. Arguing that the "original" pragmatists are too-often cited casually and imprecisely as mere precursors to this contemporary group of American intellectuals, Mark Bauerlein explores the explicit consequences of the earlier group’s work for current debates among and around the neopragmatists. Bauerlein extracts from Emerson, James, and Peirce an (...)
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  46. Does the Scientific Study of Religion Cast Doubt on Theistic Belief?Joshua C. Thurow - 2014 - In Michael Bergmann Patrick Kain (ed.), Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press. pp. 277-294.
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  47. True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief.Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing (...)
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  48. On the Projectable Predicates of Connectionist Psychology: A Case for Belief.Paul Smolensky - 1995 - In C. Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald (eds.), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.
     
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  49. Some Reflections on Cognitive Science, Doubt, and Religious Belief.Joshua C. Thurow - 2014 - In Justin Barrett Roger Trigg (ed.), The Root of Religion. Ashgate.
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  50. William James and the ‘Willfulness’ of Belief.Alexis Dianda - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper explicates and defends some of William James' more controversial claims in ‘The Will to Believe’. After showing some of the weaknesses in standard interpretations of James' position, I turn to James' Principles of Psychology and The Varieties of Religious Experience to spell out in more detail James' account of the nature of the attitudes of belief, doubt, and disbelief and link them to an account of the subject. In so doing, the moral force of the (...)
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