Results for 'Bella Levitt'

307 found
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  1. Supreme Political Power in Greek Literature of the Fourth Century B.C.Bella Levitt - 1943 - Philadelphia.
     
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  2.  15
    Norman Levitt. Reviewed Work: The Undiscovered Mind: How the Human Brain Defies Replication, Medication, and Explanation by John Horgan. [REVIEW]Norman Levitt - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):346-347.
  3.  21
    Functional Equivalence of Sleep Loss and Time on Task Effects in Sustained Attention.Bella Z. Veksler & Glenn Gunzelmann - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (2):600-632.
    Research on sleep loss and vigilance both focus on declines in cognitive performance, but theoretical accounts have developed largely in parallel in these two areas. In addition, computational instantiations of theoretical accounts are rare. The current work uses computational modeling to explore whether the same mechanisms can account for the effects of both sleep loss and time on task on performance. A classic task used in the sleep deprivation literature, the Psychomotor Vigilance Test, was extended from the typical 10-min duration (...)
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  4.  14
    Marriage and Family in India.Stephan Levitt & K. M. Kapadia - 1971 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (1):161.
  5.  31
    Visual Working Memory Resources Are Best Characterized as Dynamic, Quantifiable Mnemonic Traces.Bella Z. Veksler, Rachel Boyd, Christopher W. Myers, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hansjörg Neth & Wayne D. Gray - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):83-101.
    Visual working memory is a construct hypothesized to store a small amount of accurate perceptual information that can be brought to bear on a task. Much research concerns the construct's capacity and the precision of the information stored. Two prominent theories of VWM representation have emerged: slot-based and continuous-resource mechanisms. Prior modeling work suggests that a continuous resource that varies over trials with variable capacity and a potential to make localization errors best accounts for the empirical data. Questions remain regarding (...)
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  6.  60
    Status Differentiation and the Protean Self: A Social-Cognitive Model of Unethical Behavior in Organizations. [REVIEW]Bella L. Galperin, Rebecca J. Bennett & Karl Aquino - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (3):407 - 424.
    Based on social-cognitive theory, this article proposes a model that seeks to explain why high status organizational members engage in unethical behavior. We argue that status differentiation in organizations creates social isolation which initiates activation of high status group identity and a deactivation of moral identity. We further argue that high status group identity results in insensitivity to the needs of out-group members which, in turn, results in lessened motivation to selfregulate ethical decision making. As a result of this identity (...)
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  7.  21
    A Developmental Study of the Affective Value of Tempo and Mode in Music.Simone Dalla Bella, Isabelle Peretz, Luc Rousseau & Nathalie Gosselin - 2001 - Cognition 80 (3):B1-B10.
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  8.  3
    Applying Futility in Psychiatry: A Concept Whose Time has Come.Sarah Levitt & Daniel Z. Buchman - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106654.
    Since its introduction in the 1980s, futility as a concept has held contested meaning and applications throughout medicine. There has been little discussion within the psychiatric literature about the use of futility in the care of individuals experiencing severe and persistent mental illness, despite some tacit acceptance that futility may apply in certain cases of psychiatric illness. In this paper, we explore the literature surrounding futility and argue that its connotation within medicine is to describe situations where patients believe that (...)
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  9.  11
    Karl Polanyi: A Biographical Sketch.K. Polanyi-Levitt & M. Mendell - 1987 - Télos 1987 (73):121-131.
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  10.  32
    Public Consultation in Bioethics. What's the Point of Asking the Public When They Have Neither Scientific nor Ethical Expertise?Mairi Levitt - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):15-25.
    With the rapid development of genetic research and applications in health care there is some agreement among funding and regulatory bodies that the public(s) need to be equipped to deal with the choices that the new technologies will offer them, although this does not necessarily include a role for the public in influencing their development and regulation. This paper considers the methods and purpose of public consultations in the area of genetics including large-scale surveys of opinion, consensus conferences and focus (...)
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  11.  17
    A Well Placed Trust? Public Perceptions of the Governance of DNA Databases.Mairi Levitt & Sue Weldon - 2005 - .
    Biobanks that are run on an opt-in basis depend on people having the motivation to give and to trust in those who control their samples. Yet in the UK trust in the healthcare system has been in decline and there have been a number of health-related scandals that have received widespread media and public attention. Given this background, and the previous public consultations on UK Biobank, the paper explores the way people express their trust and mistrust in the area of (...)
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  12.  29
    My Genes Made Me Do It? The Implications of Behavioural Genetics for Responsibility and Blame.Mairi Levitt & Neil Manson - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (1):33-40.
    The idea of individual responsibility for action is central to our conception of what it is to be a person. Behavioural genetic research may seem to call into question the idea of individual responsibility with possible implications for the criminal justice system. These implications will depend on the understandings of the various agencies and professional groups involved in responding to violent and anti-social behaviour, and, the result of negotiations between them over resulting practice. The paper considers two kinds of approaches (...)
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  13.  70
    The Science of the Individual: Leibniz's Ontology of Individual Substance.Stefano Di Bella - 2005 - Springer.
    In his well-known Discourse on Metaphysics , Leibniz puts individual substance at the basis of metaphysical building. In so doing, he connects himself to a venerable tradition. His theory of individual concept, however, breaks with another idea of the same tradition, that no account of the individual as such can be given. Contrary to what has been commonly accepted, Leibniz’s intuitions are not the mere result of the transcription of subject-predicate logic, nor of the uncritical persistence of some old metaphysical (...)
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  14. The Tale of Bella and Creda.Scott Sturgeon - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    Some philosophers defend the view that epistemic agents believe by lending credence. Others defend the view that such agents lend credence by believing. It can strongly appear that the disagreement between them is notational, that nothing of substance turns on whether we are agents of one sort or the other. But that is demonstrably not so. Only one of these types of epistemic agent, at most, could manifest a human-like configuration of attitudes; and it turns out that not both types (...)
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  15.  70
    Bioethics: An Export Product? Reflections on Hands-on Involvement in Exploring the “External” Validity of International Bioethical Declarations. [REVIEW]Mairi Levitt & Hub Zwart - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):367-377.
    As the technosciences, including genomics, develop into a global phenomenon, the question inevitably emerges whether and to what extent bioethics can and should become a globalised phenomenon as well. Could we somehow articulate a set of core principles or values that ought to be respected worldwide and that could serve as a universal guide or blueprint for bioethical regulations for embedding biotechnologies in various countries? This article considers one universal declaration, the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights ( 2005a (...)
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  16.  14
    Let the Consumer Decide? The Regulation of Commercial Genetic Testing.Mairi Levitt - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):398-403.
    Objectives—The development of predictive genetic tests provides a new area where consumers can gain knowledge of their health status and commercial opportunities. “Over-the-counter” or mail order genetic tests are most likely to provide information on carrier status or the risk of developing a multifactorial disease. The paper considers the social and ethical implications of individuals purchasing genetic tests and whether genetic information is different from other types of health information which individuals can obtain for themselves.Design—The discussion is illustrated by findings (...)
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  17.  23
    Risky Individuals and the Politics of Genetic Research Into Aggressiveness and Violence.Elisa Pieri & Mairi Levitt - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):509-518.
    New genetic technologies promise to generate valuable insights into the aetiology of several psychiatric conditions, as well as a wider range of human and animal behaviours. Advances in the neurosciences and the application of new brain imaging techniques offer a way of integrating DNA analysis with studies that are looking at other biological markers of behaviour. While candidate 'genes for' certain conditions, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorders, are said to be 'un-discovered' at a faster rate than they are discovered, many (...)
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  18.  9
    Public Consultation in Bioethics. What's the Point of Asking the Public When They Have Neither Scientific nor Ethical Expertise?Mairi Levitt - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):15-25.
    With the rapid development of genetic research and applications in health care there is some agreement among funding and regulatory bodies that the public need to be equipped to deal with the choices that the new technologies will offer them, although this does not necessarily include a role for the public in influencing their development and regulation. This paper considers the methods and purpose of public consultations in the area of genetics including large-scale surveys of opinion, consensus conferences and focus (...)
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  19.  17
    Let the Consumer Decide? The Regulation of Commercial Genetic Testing.D. M. Levitt - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):398-403.
    Objectives—The development of predictive genetic tests provides a new area where consumers can gain knowledge of their health status and commercial opportunities. “Over-the-counter” or mail order genetic tests are most likely to provide information on carrier status or the risk of developing a multifactorial disease. The paper considers the social and ethical implications of individuals purchasing genetic tests and whether genetic information is different from other types of health information which individuals can obtain for themselves.Design—The discussion is illustrated by findings (...)
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  20.  9
    Disorders of Pitch Production in Tone Deafness.Simone Dalla Bella, Magdalena Berkowska & Jakub Sowiński - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  21. Prometheus Bedeviled: Science and the Contradictions of Contemporary Culture.N. Levitt - 1999 - Rutgers University Press.
     
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  22.  8
    Qualitative Navigation for Mobile Robots.Tod S. Levitt & Daryl T. Lawton - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 44 (3):305-360.
  23.  4
    UK Biobank: A Model for Public Engagement?Mairi Levitt - 2005 - Genomics, Society and Policy 1 (3):78-91.
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  24.  34
    Forensic Databases: Benefits and Ethical and Social Costs.Mairi Levitt - 2007 - .
    Introduction: This article discusses ethical, legal and social issues raised by the collection, storage and use of DNA in forensic databases. Review: The largest and most inclusive forensic database in the world, the UK National DNA database, leads the worldwide trend towards greater inclusivity. The performance of the NDNAD, criteria for inclusion, legislative framework and plans for integrating forensic databases across Europe are discussed. Comparisons are drawn with UK biobank that has started collecting DNA samples linked to medical records and, (...)
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  25.  2
    Could the Organ Shortage Ever Be Met?Mairi Levitt - 2015 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 11 (1).
    The organ shortage is commonly presented as having a clear solution, increase the number of organs donated and the problem will be solved. In the light of the Northern Ireland Assembly’s consultation on moving to an opt-out organ donor register this article focusses on the social factors and complexities which impact strongly on both the supply of, and demand for, transplantable organs. Judging by the experience of other countries presumed consent systems may or may not increase donations but have not (...)
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  26.  22
    Organized Complexity in Human Affairs: The Tobacco Industry. [REVIEW]David A. Bella - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):977-999.
    How do we explain organized complexity in human affairs? The most common model explain s human organization as the outcome of rational design; order in human affairs arises from the intentions, plans, and orders of those in charge. For organizational complexity on vast scales, this model is insufficient, misleading, and potentially disastrous. An alternative model, based upon self-organization within complex systems, is developed and applied to the tobacco industry.Leaked documents and public testimony point to widespread distortion of information within the (...)
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  27. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know: Genetic Privacy and Responsibility.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The privacy concerns discussed in the 1990s in relation to the New Genetics failed to anticipate the relevant issues for individuals, families, geneticists and society. Consumers, for example, can now buy their personal genetic information and share it online. The challenges facing genetic privacy have evolved as new biotechnologies have developed, and personal privacy is increasingly challenged by the irrepressible flow of electronic data between the personal and public spheres and by surveillance for terrorism and security risks. This book considers (...)
     
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  28.  54
    Making Human Better and Making Better Humans.Mairi Levitt & Fiona K. O'Neill - 2010 - Genomics, Society and Policy 6 (1):1-14.
    The last 10 years has seen the development and deployment of new biotechnologies not just as potential treatments but also as potential enhancements. The definition and differentiation of treatment from enhancement is an ongoing clinical, ethical and social debate that ranges across a proliferating number of convergent technologies. Many of these innovations will ‘come-on-line’ as present generations of young people will be reaching adulthood and considering parenthood. This paper reports on a project that explored the possibilities for human enhancement with (...)
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  29.  95
    “Are We a Family or a Business?” History and Disjuncture in the Urban American Street Gang.Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh & Steven D. Levitt - 2000 - Theory and Society 29 (4):427-462.
  30. Medieval English Prose for Women: Selections From the Katherine Group and Ancrene Wisse.Bella Millett & Jocelyn Wogan-Browne (eds.) - 1992 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Ancrene Wisse, a guide for female recluses written in the West Midlands in the early thirteenth century, and the closely related religious works of the `Katherine Group', offer a vivid insight into the religious life of the time, and their rich and varied prose style blends Latin and native English stylistic traditions with remarkable skill and assurance. The difficulty of their language, however, has made them largely inaccessible except to experts in Middle English, and this edition is designed to (...)
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  31.  26
    The Myth of the Complete Concept: Completeness and Individuation in Kant and Leibniz.Stefano Di Bella - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 309-322.
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  32.  6
    Why Do Increased Arrest Rates Appear To Reduce Crime: Deterrence, Incapacitation, or Measurement Error?Steven D. Levitt - 1998 - Economic Inquiry 36 (3):353-372.
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  33.  6
    Moving to the Beat and Singing Are Linked in Humans.Simone Dalla Bella, Magdalena Berkowska & Jakub Sowiński - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34.  20
    Common Knowledge of the Second Kind.David Bella & Jonathan King - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):415 - 430.
    Although most of us know that human beings cannot and should not be replaced by computers, we have great difficulties saying why this is so. This paradox is largely the result of institutionalizing several fundamental misconceptions as to the nature of both trustworthy objective and moral knowledge. Unless we transcend this paradox, we run the increasing risks of becoming very good at counting without being able to say what is worth counting and why. The degree to which this is occurring (...)
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  35.  7
    Stimulus Attributes and Drive in Paired-Associate Learning.Herbert Levitt & Albert E. Goss - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (3):243.
  36. Special Section on Karl Polanyi.K. Polanyi-Levitt, M. Mendell, A. Martinelli, J. -J. Gislain & A. Salsano - 1987 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 73:121-166.
     
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  37.  7
    Theresa Levitt, The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France, 1789–1848. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp. 192. ISBN 978-0-19-954470-7. £39.95. [REVIEW]Adelheid Voskuhl - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (2):293-294.
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  38.  24
    Theories of Religious Knowledge From Kant to Jaspers.Bella K. Milmed - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (110):195 - 215.
    THE problem of religious knowledge may be stated very simply. If there is a real God, how can we find out that fact? The present discussion assumes that this is just what we must find out, if there is to be any possibility of a philosophically valid religion; for the essential element in religion is God, and consequently the essential philosophical question in regard to religion is that of the reality of God.
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  39.  8
    Differentiation of Classical Music Requires Little Learning but Rhythm.Simone Dalla Bella & Isabelle Peretz - 2005 - Cognition 96 (2):B65-B78.
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  40.  3
    The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology.C. Levitt - 1970 - Télos 1970 (6):338-343.
  41.  23
    Overcritical, Overfriendly? : A Dialogue Between a Sociologist and a Philosopher on Genetic Technology and its Applications.Mairi Levitt & Matti Häyry - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):377-383.
    Are sociologists always critical about genetics? Are philosophers always more supportive? This is the impression of many sociologists in the United Kingdom who argue that contemporary British philosophers criticise genetic technologies and applications in ways that scientists and medical doctors can deal with. They emphasise matters like informed consent, but pay less or no attention to the wider social consequences of technologies, practices and policies. Philosophers in their turn may see sociologists as irrationally hostile to science and medical practice. Some (...)
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  42. Lewis and the Theory of Truth.Bella K. Milmed - 1956 - Journal of Philosophy 53 (19):569-583.
    C i lewis, regarding himself as a pragmatist, repeatedly attempts to identify truth with verification. it is here argued, however, that a correspondence or semantic theory is required by (1) lewis's interpretation of objective judgments in terms of "possible experience" and of possible experience in terms of counterfactual conditions; (2) his distinction between the justification of knowledge and the truth of knowledge; and (3) his logical analysis of truth in terms of the extension (known or unknown) of propositions. it is (...)
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  43.  60
    Leibniz’s Theory of Conditions: A Framework for Ontological Dependence.Stefano Di Bella - 2005 - The Leibniz Review 15:67-93.
    The aim of this paper is to trace in Leibniz’s drafts the sketched outline of a conceptual framework he organized around the key concept of ‘requisite’. We are faced with the project of a semi-formal theory of conditions, whose logical skeleton can have a lot of different interpretations. In particular, it is well suited to capture some crucial relations of ontological dependence. Firstly the area of ‘mediate requisites’ is explored - where causal and temporal relations are dealt with on the (...)
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  44.  25
    Assisted Reproduction: Managing an Unruly Technology. [REVIEW]Mairi Levitt - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (1):41-49.
    Technology is “unruly” because it operates in a social context where it is shaped by institutions, organisations and individuals in ways not envisaged when it was first developed. In the UK assisted reproductive technology has developed from strictly circumscribed beginnings as a treatment for infertility within the NHS, to a service which is more often offered by commercial clinics and purchased by clients who are not necessarily infertile. The article considers the process by which assisted reproductive technology has been created (...)
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  45. Islamic Medical Ethics: What and How to Teach.Hassan Bella - 2008 - In Jonathan E. Brockopp & Thomas Eich (eds.), Muslim Medical Ethics: From Theory to Practice. University of South Carolina Press.
  46. Dewey's Treatment of Causality.Bella K. Milmed - 1957 - Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):5-19.
  47.  11
    Complementarity Rather Than Integration.Mairi Levitt - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):81-83.
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  48.  7
    Gene Week: A Novel Way of Consulting the Public.Mairi Levitt, Kate Weiner & John Goodacre - 2005 - .
    Within academic circles, the “deficit” model of public understanding of science has been subject to increasing critical scrutiny by those who favor more constructivist approaches. These suggest that “the public” can articulate sophisticated ideas about the social and ethical implications of science regardless of their level of technical knowledge. The seminal studies following constructivist approaches have generally involved small-scale qualitative investigations, which have minimized the pre-framing of issues to a greater or lesser extent. This article describes the Gene Week Project, (...)
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  49.  40
    ‘Possible Experience’ and Recent Interpretations of Kant.Bella K. Milmed - 1967 - The Monist 51 (3):442-462.
    In an attempt to extract a coherent and still relevant structure of thought from its obsolete encumbrances, some of the recent interpretations of Kant have been needlessly hampered by neglect of the important concept of ‘possible experience’. Failure to make the full use of this concept that Kant himself made has inevitably been damaging to the Kantian doctrine of phenomenal objectivity; and any version of Kant that is so damaged falls drastically short of the original. I should like, therefore, after (...)
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  50.  18
    Natural Ways Are Better: Adolescents and the 'Anti-Obesity' Gene.Mairi Levitt - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (3):305-315.
    Empirical research with young people in Finland, Germany, Spain and Britain was carried out as part of the BIOCULT project funded by the European Union. The project focused on their attitudes to biotechnology and, in particular, the formation of arguments about risk and safety. This paper looks at the responses of 14–18 year olds to a story about the so called anti-obesity gene, in the form of advice to a friend who is taking it. The majority advised against taking it (...)
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