32 found
Order:
See also
Profile: Ben Eggleston (University of Kansas)
  1. Act Utilitarianism.Ben Eggleston - 2014 - In Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 125-145.
    An overview (about 8,000 words) of act utilitarianism, covering the basic idea of the theory, historical examples, how it differs from rule utilitarianism and motive utilitarianism, supporting arguments, and standard objections. A closing section provides a brief introduction to indirect utilitarianism (i.e., a Hare- or Railton-style view distinguishing between a decision procedure and a criterion of rightness).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Mill’s Moral Standard.Ben Eggleston - 2017 - In Christopher Macleod & Dale E. Miller (eds.), A Companion to Mill. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. pp. 358-373.
    A book chapter (about 7,000 words, plus references) on the interpretation of Mill’s criterion of right and wrong, with particular attention to act utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism, and sanction utilitarianism. Along the way, major topics include Mill’s thoughts on liberalism, supererogation, the connection between wrongness and punishment, and breaking rules when doing so will produce more happiness than complying with them will.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  65
    Does Participation Matter? An Inconsistency in Parfit's Moral Mathematics: Ben Eggleston.Ben Eggleston - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):92-105.
    Consequentialists typically think that the moral quality of one's conduct depends on the difference one makes. But consequentialists may also think that even if one is not making a difference, the moral quality of one's conduct can still be affected by whether one is participating in an endeavour that does make a difference. Derek Parfit discusses this issue – the moral significance of what I call ‘participation’ – in the chapter of Reasons and Persons that he devotes to what he (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  49
    Adjudication.Ben Eggleston - 2013 - In James E. Crimmins (ed.), The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 6-8.
    A short (about 1,000 words) overview of adjudication, describing the standard view (judges should just apply the law, when possible) and two goal-oriented views: wealth maximization and the maximization of well-being – i.e., utilitarian adjudication.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Practical Equilibrium: A Way of Deciding What to Think About Morality.Ben Eggleston - 2010 - Mind 119 (475):549-584.
    Practical equilibrium, like reflective equilibrium, is a way of deciding what to think about morality. It shares with reflective equilibrium the general thesis that there is some way in which a moral theory must, in order to be acceptable, answer to one’s moral intuitions, but it differs from reflective equilibrium in its specification of exactly how a moral theory must answer to one’s intuitions. Whereas reflective equilibrium focuses on a theory’s consistency with those intuitions, practical equilibrium also gives weight to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  20
    Accounting for the Data: Intuitions in Moral Theory Selection.Ben Eggleston - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):761-774.
    Reflective equilibrium is often credited with extending the idea of accounting for the data from its familiar home in the sciences to the realm of moral philosophy. But careful consideration of the main concepts of this idea—the data to be accounted for and the kind of accounting it is appropriate to expect of a moral theory—leads to a revised understanding of the “accounting for the data” perspective as it applies to the discipline of moral theory selection. This revised understanding is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  7.  14
    John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life.Ben Eggleston, Dale E. Miller & David Weinstein (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The 'Art of Life' is John Stuart Mill's name for his account of practical reason. In this volume, eleven leading scholars elucidate this fundamental, but widely neglected, element of Mill's thought. Mill divides the Art of Life into three 'departments': 'Morality, Prudence or Policy, and Æsthetics'. In the volume's first section, Rex Martin, David Weinstein, Ben Eggleston, and Dale E. Miller investigate the relation between the departments of morality and prudence. Their papers ask whether Mill is a rule utilitarian and, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  8.  67
    Conflicts of Rules in Hooker's Rule-Consequentialism.Ben Eggleston - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):329-349.
    Just about any proponent of a rule-based theory of morality must eventually confront the question of how to resolve confl icts among the rules that the theory endorses. Is there a priority rule specifying which rules must yield to which, as in Rawls’s lexical ordering of the fi rst principle of his theory of justice over the second?3 Must the agent intuitively bal-.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9.  28
    Review of Thomas Piketty, Capital in the Twenty-First Century[REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (2):254-256.
    A review of Thomas Piketty, _Capital in the Twenty-First Century_, trans. Arthur Goldhammer (Harvard University Press, 2014), pp. viii + 685.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  89
    Review of Tim Mulgan, The Demands of Consequentialism[REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (1):123-125.
    A review of Tim Mulgan, _The Demands of Consequentialism_ (Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. vi + 313.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  80
    Review of Alan H. Goldman, Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don't[REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1):113-115.
    A review of Alan H. Goldman, _Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don’t_ (Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. xi + 210.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  32
    Rejecting The Publicity Condition: The Inevitability of Esoteric Morality.Ben Eggleston - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):29-57.
    It is often thought that some version of what is generally called the publicity condition is a reasonable requirement to impose on moral theories. In this article, after formulating and distinguishing three versions of the publicity condition, I argue that the arguments typically used to defend them are unsuccessful and, moreover, that even in its most plausible version, the publicity condition ought to be rejected as both question-begging and unreasonably demanding.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  49
    The Toxin and the Tyrant: Two Tests for Gauthier's Theory of Rationality.Ben Eggleston - 2002 - Twentieth-Century Values.
    This paper discusses David Gauthier’s attempt to refine the theory underlying constrained maximization so that it ceases to have a certain implication that he regards as objectionable. It argues that the refinement Gauthier introduces may be initially appealing, but actually does his theory more harm than good.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  49
    Rules and Their Reasons: Mill on Morality and Instrumental Rationality.Ben Eggleston - 2011 - In Ben Eggleston, Dale E. Miller & David Weinstein (eds.), John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life. Oxford University Press. pp. 71-93.
    This chapter addresses the question of what role Mill regards rules as playing in the determination of morally permissible action by drawing on his remarks about instrumentally rational action. First, overviews are provided of consequentialist theories and of the rule-worship or incoherence objection to rule-consequentialist theories. Then a summary is offered of the considerable textual evidence suggesting that Mill’s moral theory is, in fact, a rule-consequentialist one. It is argued, however, that passages in the final chapter of A System of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  7
    Introduction.Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller - 2014 - In Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-15.
    The introduction (about 6,000 words) to _The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism_, in three sections: utilitarianism’s place in recent and contemporary moral philosophy (including the opinions of critics such as Rawls and Scanlon), a brief history of the view (again, including the opinions of critics, such as Marx and Nietzsche), and an overview of the chapters of the book.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  18
    Paradox of Happiness.Ben Eggleston - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 3794-3799.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  6
    Review of L.W. Sumner, Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics[REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 1999 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 7 (2):270-272.
    A review of L. W. Sumner, _Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics_ (Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. xii + 239.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  30
    Everything is What It is, and Not Another Thing: Comments on Austin.Ben Eggleston - 2003 - Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (2):101-105.
    To specify the aspects of Austin’s position that I want to focus on, let me start by reviewing some of the things that Austin says in order to characterize ethical intuitionism. He writes, “I take an ethical intuition to be a type of synthetic a priori insight into the necessary character of reality specifically concerning that which is right and/or good” (p. 205), and he adds that he regards “ethical intuition as a source of foundationally justified belief” (p. 205). He (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  28
    Procedural Justice in Young's Inclusive Deliberative Democracy.Ben Eggleston - 2004 - Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (4):544–549.
    In her book _Inclusion and Democracy_, Iris Marion Young offers a defense of a certain model of deliberative democracy and argues that political institutions that conform to this model are just. I argue that Young gives two contradictory accounts of why such institutions are just, and I weigh the relative merits of two ways in which this contradiction can be resolved.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  26
    Reformulating Consequentialism: Railton's Normative Ethics. [REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (3):449 - 462.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  19
    Review of Martin Peterson, An Introduction to Decision Theory[REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010.
    A review of Martin Peterson, _An Introduction to Decision Theory_ (Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. x + 317.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  23
    The Problem of Rational Compliance with Rules.Ben Eggleston - 2009 - Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (1):19-32.
    The problem of rational compliance with rules is the problem of how it can be rational for an agent to follow a rule with a purely consequentialist justification in a case in which she knows that she can do more good by breaking it. This paper discusses two ways in which responses to this problem can fail to address it, using Alan Goldman’s article “The Rationality of Complying with Rules: Paradox Resolved” as a case study.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  2
    India House Utilitarianism: A First Look.Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):39-47.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  2
    Mill's Misleading Moral Mathematics.Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller - 2008 - Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):153-161.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  13
    Should Consequentialists Make Parfit's Second Mistake? A Refutation of Jackson.Ben Eggleston - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (1):1–15.
    Frank Jackson claims that consequentialists should hold the view that Derek Parfit labels the second ‘mistake in moral mathematics’, which is the view that “If some act is right or wrong because of . . . effects, the only relevant effects are the effects of this particular act.” But each of the three arguments that Jackson offers is unsound. The root of the problem is that in order to argue for the conclusion Jackson aims to establish (that consequentialists should not (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  10
    The Ineffable and the Incalculable: G. E. Moore on Ethical Expertise.Ben Eggleston - 2005 - In Lisa Rasmussen (ed.), Ethics Expertise: History, Contemporary Perspectives, and Applications. Springer. pp. 89–102.
    According to G. E. Moore, moral expertise requires abilities of several kinds: the ability to factor judgments of right and wrong into (a) judgments of good and bad and (b) judgments of cause and effect, (2) the ability to use intuition to make the requisite judgments of good and bad, and (3) the ability to use empirical investigation to make the requisite judgments of cause and effect. Moore’s conception of moral expertise is thus extremely demanding, but he supplements it with (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  1
    The Number of Preference Orderings: A Recursive Approach.Ben Eggleston - 2015 - The Mathematical Gazette 99 (544):21-32.
    This article discusses approaches to the problem of the number of preference orderings that can be constructed from a given set of alternatives. After briefly reviewing the prevalent approach to this problem, which involves determining a partitioning of the alternatives and then a permutation of the partitions, this article explains a recursive approach and shows it to have certain advantages over the partitioning one.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Bind Me to the Mast, and Not Just for a Little While: Comments on Kierland.Ben Eggleston - unknown
    In “The Desire Theory of Claim-Rights,” Brian Kierland presents an analysis of the concept of a claim-right according to which one person has a claim-right against another just in case there is a perfect correlation between (1) whether the second person has a duty owed to the first and (2) whether the first wants the second to do the act in question. I respond by suggesting that in certain cases, including a variant of the case of Ulysses and the Sirens, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  4
    Review of Henry West, An Introduction to Mill's Utilitarian Ethics[REVIEW]Ben Eggleston - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004.
    A review of Henry R. West, _An Introduction to Mill’s Utilitarian Ethics_ (Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. xii + 216.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  48
    The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism.Ben Eggleston & Dale E. Miller (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the approach to ethics based on the maximization of overall well-being, continues to have great traction in moral philosophy and political thought. This Companion offers a systematic exploration of its history, themes, and applications. First, it traces the origins and development of utilitarianism via the work of Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Henry Sidgwick, and others. The volume then explores issues in the formulation of utilitarianism, including act versus rule utilitarianism, actual versus expected consequences, and objective versus subjective theories (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Utilitarianism (by John Stuart Mill): With Related Remarks From Mill’s Other Writings.Ben Eggleston (ed.) - 2017 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    This edition of _Utilitarianism_ supplements the text of Mill’s classic essay with 58 related remarks carefully selected from Mill’s other writings, ranging from his treatise on logic to his personal correspondence. In these remarks, Mill comments on specific passages of _Utilitarianism_, elaborates on topics he handles briefly in _Utilitarianism_, and discusses additional aspects of his moral thought. Short introductory comments accompany the related remarks, and an editor’s introduction provides an overview of _Utilitarianism_ crafted specifically to enhance accessibility for first-time readers (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Moral Theory and Climate Change: Ethical Perspectives on a Warming Planet.Dale E. Miller & Ben Eggleston - 2020 - Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography