Results for 'Benedikt Hallgr��msson'

318 found
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  1.  6
    Asymmetry, Developmental Stability, and Evolution by Anders Pape Moller and John P. Swaddle.Benedikt Hallgr�Msson - 1999 - Complexity 4 (4):53-55.
  2. An Analytic Theologian's Stance on the Existence of God.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (2):129--146.
    The existence of God is once again the focus of vivid philosophical discussion. From the point of view of analytic theology, however, people often talk past each other when they debate about the putative existence or nonexistence of God. In the worst case, for instance, atheists deny the existence of a God, which no theists ever claimed to exist. In order to avoid confusions like this we need to be clear about the function of the term 'God' in its different (...)
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  3.  18
    Kinesthetic and Vestibular Information Modulate Alpha Activity During Spatial Navigation: A Mobile EEG Study.Benedikt V. Ehinger, Petra Fischer, Anna L. Gert, Lilli Kaufhold, Felix Weber, Gordon Pipa & Peter König - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  4. Transformationen der Kritischen Anthropologie: Für Michael Benedikt Zum 80. Geburtstag.Cornelius Zehetner, Michael Benedikt, Hermann Rauchenschwandtner & Birgit Zehetmayer (eds.) - 2010 - Löcker.
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  5.  3
    .Benedikt Eckhardt - 2016 - 4 (1):57-87.
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  6.  1
    Phimsamp: Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspsects and Mathematical Practice.Benedikt Löwe & Thomas Müller (eds.) - 2010 - College Publications.
    Philosophy of mathematics is moving in a new direction: away from a foundationalism in terms of formal logic and traditional ontology, and towards a broader range of approaches that are united by a focus on mathematical practice. The scientific research network PhiMSAMP (Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspects and Mathematical Practice) consisted of researchers from a variety of backgrounds and fields, brought together by their common interest in the shift of philosophy of mathematics towards mathematical practice. Hosted by the Rheinische Friedrich- (...)
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  7. Methodological Triangulation in Empirical Philosophy.Benedikt Löwe & Bart Van Kerkhove - 2019 - In Andrew Aberdein & Matthew Inglis (eds.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 15-37.
  8.  8
    Attention Please: No Affective Priming Effects in a Valent/Neutral-Categorisation Task.Benedikt Werner & Klaus Rothermund - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):119-132.
  9.  26
    Understanding Climate Phenomena with Data-Driven Models.Benedikt Knüsel & Christoph Baumberger - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 84:46-56.
    In climate science, climate models are one of the main tools for understanding phenomena. Here, we develop a framework to assess the fitness of a climate model for providing understanding. The framework is based on three dimensions: representational accuracy, representational depth, and graspability. We show that this framework does justice to the intuition that classical process-based climate models give understanding of phenomena. While simple climate models are characterized by a larger graspability, state-of-the-art models have a higher representational accuracy and representational (...)
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  10.  13
    Detection of Near-Threshold Sounds is Independent of EEG Phase in Common Frequency Bands.Benedikt Zoefel & Peter Heil - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  11.  39
    Generalized Algebra-Valued Models of Set Theory.Benedikt Löwe & Sourav Tarafder - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):192-205.
  12.  56
    Set-Theoretic Absoluteness and the Revision Theory of Truth.Benedikt Löwe & Philip D. Welch - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (1):21-41.
    We describe the solution of the Limit Rule Problem of Revision Theory and discuss the philosophical consequences of the fact that the truth set of Revision Theory is a complete 1/2 set.
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  13.  42
    Concepts of God and Models of the God–World Relation.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (2):e12402.
    There is a variety of concepts of the divine in the eastern and western theological and philosophical traditions. There is, however, not enough reflection on the logic behind concepts of God and their justification. I clarify some necessary and sufficient conditions any attempt to explicate a concept of God has to take into account. I argue that each concept of God is a cypher for a particular worldview and distinguishes three types of justification frequently used to bestow content on particular (...)
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  14. Panentheism and Classical Theism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - Sophia 52 (1):61-75.
    Panentheism seems to be an attractive alternative to classical theism. It is not clear, though, what exactly panentheism asserts and how it relates to classical theism. By way of clarifying the thesis of panentheism, I argue that panentheism and classical theism differ only as regards the modal status of the world. According to panentheism, the world is an intrinsic property of God – necessarily there is a world – and according to classical theism the world is an extrinsic property of (...)
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  15.  4
    The Role of High-Level Processes for Oscillatory Phase Entrainment to Speech Sound.Benedikt Zoefel & Rufin VanRullen - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  16.  41
    Applying Big Data Beyond Small Problems in Climate Research.Benedikt Knüsel, Marius Zumwald, Christoph Baumberger, Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn, Erich M. Fischer, Reto Knutti & David M. Bresch - 2019 - Nature Climate Change 9 (March 2019):196-202.
    Commercial success of big data has led to speculation that big-data-like reasoning could partly replace theory-based approaches in science. Big data typically has been applied to ‘small problems’, which are well-structured cases characterized by repeated evaluation of predictions. Here, we show that in climate research, intermediate categories exist between classical domain science and big data, and that big-data elements have also been applied without the possibility of repeated evaluation. Big-data elements can be useful for climate research beyond small problems if (...)
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  17. Data and Phenomena in Conceptual Modelling.Benedikt Löwe & Thomas Müller - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):131-148.
    The distinction between data and phenomena introduced by Bogen and Woodward (Philosophical Review 97(3):303–352, 1988) was meant to help accounting for scientific practice, especially in relation with scientific theory testing. Their article and the subsequent discussion is primarily viewed as internal to philosophy of science. We shall argue that the data/phenomena distinction can be used much more broadly in modelling processes in philosophy.
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  18.  40
    Christian Cyborgs.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (3):347-364.
    Should or shouldn’t Christians endorse the transhumanist agenda of changing human nature in ways fitting to one’s needs? To answer this question, we first have to be clear on what precisely the thesis of transhumanism entails that we are going to evaluate. Once this point is clarified, I argue that Christians can in principle fully endorse the transhumanist agenda because there is nothing in Christian faith that is in contradiction to it. In fact, given certain plausible moral assumptions, Christians should (...)
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  19. Panentheism, Transhumanism, and the Problem of Evil - From Metaphysics to Ethics.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2):65-89.
    There is a close systematic relationship between panentheism, as a metaphysical theory about the relation between God and the world, and transhumanism, the ethical demand to use the means of the applied sciences to enhance both human nature and the environment. This relationship between panentheism and transhumanism provides a ‘cosmic’ solution to the problem of evil: on panentheistic premises, the history of the world is the one infinite life of God, and we are part of the one infinite divine being. (...)
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  20.  8
    Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing and Slow Wave Sleep: A Putative Mechanism of Action.Marco Pagani, Benedikt L. Amann, Ramon Landin-Romero & Sara Carletto - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  21.  45
    Mathematical Knowledge is Context Dependent.Benedikt LÖWE & Thomas MÜLLER - 2008 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 76 (1):91-107.
    We argue that mathematical knowledge is context dependent. Our main argument is that on pain of distorting mathematical practice, one must analyse the notion of having available a proof, which supplies justification in mathematics, in a context dependent way.
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  22.  37
    There is No Panentheistic Paradigm.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (6).
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  23.  5
    Why Parthood Might Be a Four-Place Relation, and How It Behaves If It Is.Benedikt Schick, Edmund Runggaldier & Ludger Honnefelder - 2009 - In Benedikt Schick, Edmund Runggaldier & Ludger Honnefelder (eds.), Unity and Time in Metaphysics. Walter de Gruyter.
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  24.  33
    Did God Do It? Metaphysical Models and Theological Hermeneutics.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2):215-231.
    I start by way of clarifying briefly the problem of special divine intervention. Once this is done, I argue that laws of nature are generalizations that derive from the dispositional behaviour of natural kinds. Based on this conception of laws of nature I provide a metaphysical model according to which God can realize acts of special divine providence by way of temporarily changing the dispositions of natural entities. I show that this model does not contradict scientific practice and is consistent (...)
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  25.  7
    A Scientific Theology? A Programmatic Account of the Problems and Prospects for Confessional and Scientific Theology.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 1 (1):53-77.
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  26. Alles in Gott? Zur Aktualität des Panentheismus Karl Christian Friedrich Krauses.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2012 - Verlag Friedrich Pustet.
    Karl Christian Friedrich Krause war ein bemerkenswerter Denker des Deutschen Idealismus. Seine Schriften können ohne Zweifel mit denen Hegels, Schellings und Fichtes konkurrieren. Gerade im Bereich der theoretischen Philosophie bietet das Krausesche Œuvre eine Fundgrube an Einsichten und Argumenten, die der heutigen, oftmals betont postmodernen oder atheistischen Philosophie eine dringend benötigte Kontrastfolie sein können. Sinn und Zweck der Arbeit ist es, den Panentheismus Krauses zeitgemäß darzustellen und Brückenschläge zur heutigen religionsphilosophischen Debatte aufzuzeigen.
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  27. On the Importance of Karl Christian Friedrich Krause's Panentheism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - Zygon 48 (2):364-379.
    Panentheism is an often-discussed alternative to Classical theism, and almost any discussion of panentheism starts by way of acknowledging Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781–1832) as the person who coined the term.1 However, apart from this tribute, Krause's own panentheism is almost completely unknown. In what follows, I first present a brief overview of Krause's life and correct some misconceptions of his work before I turn to the core ideas of Krause's own panentheistic system of philosophy. In brief, Krause elaborates a (...)
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  28.  9
    Cardinal Spaces and Topological Representations of Bimodal Logics.Benedikt Löwe & Darko Sarenac - 2005 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (3):301-306.
    We look at bimodal logics interpreted by cartesian products of topological spaces and discuss the validity of certain bimodal formulae in products of so-called cardinal spaces. This solves an open problem of van Benthem et al.
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  29.  1
    Panentheism and Panpsychism: Philosophy of Religion Meets Philosophy of Mind.Godehard Brüntrup, Benedikt Paul Göcke & Ludwig Jaskolla (eds.) - 2020 - Mentis.
    Panpsychism has become a highly attractive position in the philosophy of mind. On panpsychism, both the physical and the mental are inseparable and fundamental features of reality. Panentheism has also become immensely popular in the philosophy of religion. Panentheism strives for a higher reconciliation of an atheistic pantheism, on which the universe itself is causa sui, and the ontological dualism of necessarily existing, eternal creator and contingent, finite creation. Historically and systematically, panpsychism and panentheism often went together as essential parts (...)
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  30.  27
    Reply to Raphael Latester.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2014 - Sophia 53 (3):397-400.
    An important task of philosophy is to provide substantial arguments concerning the basic structure of reality and its relation to the ultimate source of everything. Sometimes, philosophers are convinced that there is an absolutely certain starting point within philosophy. More often, however, they suppose that we start with certain intuitions about empirical reality and its source. Based on these intuitions, philosophers try to develop sound arguments with an intelligible logical structure. By this very fact, they place themselves in the realm (...)
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  31.  87
    Towards a New Epistemology of Mathematics.Bernd Buldt, Benedikt Löwe & Thomas Müller - 2008 - Erkenntnis 68 (3):309 - 329.
    In this introduction we discuss the motivation behind the workshop “Towards a New Epistemology of Mathematics” of which this special issue constitutes the proceedings. We elaborate on historical and empirical aspects of the desired new epistemology, connect it to the public image of mathematics, and give a summary and an introduction to the contributions to this issue.
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  32.  39
    Unity and Time in Metaphysics.Benedikt Schick, Edmund Runggaldier & Ludger Honnefelder (eds.) - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    The contributions to this collection deal with the fundamental problem of unity, which plays a decisive role in many contemporary debates (even when this role ...
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  33.  23
    Factors Impacting Market Concentration of Not-for-Profit Hospitals.Jomon A. Paul, Benedikt Quosigk & Leo MacDonald - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (2):517-535.
    We attempt to identify and evaluate the association between key characteristics of not-for-profit hospitals and market concentration, as measured by the Herfindahl–Hirschman Index, using data available from the American Hospital Association, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the Internal Revenue Service Form 990. Our goal is to provide decision support to policy makers on factors that contribute to market competitiveness, which has been linked to improvements in efficiency, costs, and access to health care. We find that contributions are (...)
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  34.  41
    Restrictiveness Relative to Notions of Interpretation.Luca Incurvati & Benedikt Löwe - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (2): 238-250.
    Maddy gave a semi-formal account of restrictiveness by defining a formal notion based on a class of interpretations and explaining how to handle false positives and false negatives. Recently, Hamkins pointed out some structural issues with Maddy's definition. We look at Maddy's formal definitions from the point of view of an abstract interpretation relation. We consider various candidates for this interpretation relation, including one that is close to Maddy's original notion, but fixes the issues raised by Hamkins. Our work brings (...)
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  35.  12
    The Modal Logic of Inner Models.Tanmay Inamdar & Benedikt Löwe - 2016 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 81 (1):225-236.
  36. After Physicalism.Benedikt Paul Göcke (ed.) - 2012 - The University of Notre Dame Press.
    Although physicalism has been the dominant position in recent work in the philosophy of mind, this dominance has not prevented a small but growing number of philosophers from arguing that physicalism is untenable for several reasons: both ontologically and epistemologically it cannot reduce mentality to the realm of the physical, and its attempts to reduce subjectivity to objectivity have thoroughly failed. The contributors to After Physicalism provide powerful alternatives to the physicalist account of the human mind from a dualistic point (...)
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  37.  25
    Another Reply to Raphael Lataster.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - Sophia 54 (1):99-102.
    Lataster has published another reply to my article on panentheism and classical theism. I should like to respond, first, by way of pointing out some problems in Lataster’s understanding of my argument before; second, I show that Lataster’s panentheistic counterexamples to my distinction to distinguish between classical theism and panentheism presuppose the very distinction he seeks to refute.
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  38.  14
    Natural Individuals and Intrinsic Properties.Benedikt Schick, Edmund Runggaldier & Ludger Honnefelder - 2009 - In Benedikt Schick, Edmund Runggaldier & Ludger Honnefelder (eds.), Unity and Time in Metaphysics. Walter de Gruyter.
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  39. The Many Problems of Special Divine Action.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):23--36.
    Special divine action is an integral part of the Christian worldview. In fact, the plausibility of the Christian worldview depends on and is grounded in the putative reality, and therefore possibility, of special divine action. Without special divine action, Scripture does not make sense, and without Scripture, Christianity neither. However, the possibility of special divine action is highly contested in almost every field of human enquiry. In what follows, I briefly suggest a minimal definition of special divine action and show (...)
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  40.  76
    Physicalism Quaerens Intellectum.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (4):463-468.
  41.  19
    There is No Panentheistic Paradigm.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (5).
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  42. What is Physicalism?Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2009 - Ratio 22 (3):291-307.
    Although 'most contemporary analytic philosophers [endorse] a physicalist picture of the world' (A. Newen; V. Hoffmann; M. Esfeld, 'Preface to Mental Causation, Externalism and Self-Knowledge', Erkenntnis , 67 (2007), p. 147), it is unclear what exactly the physicalist thesis states. The response that physicalism is the thesis that everything is physical does not solve the problem but is a precise statement of the problem because 'the claim is hopelessly vague' (G. Hellman; F. Thompson, 'Physicalism: Ontology, Determination, and Reduction', Journal of (...)
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  43.  9
    The Existence of Evil in Christian and Naturalistic Worldviews.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Synthesis Philosophica 32 (1):5-20.
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  44.  15
    An Abstract Approach to Reasoning About Games with Mistaken and Changing Beliefs.Benedikt Löwe & Eric Pacuit - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Logic 6 (5):162-181.
    We do not believe that logic is the sole answer to deep and intriguing questions about human behaviour, but we think that it might be a useful tool in simulating and understanding it to a certain degree and in specifically restricted areas of application. We do not aim to resolve the question of what rational behaviour in games with mistaken and changing beliefs is. Rather, we develop a formal and abstract framework that allows us to reason about behaviour in games (...)
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  45.  25
    Set Theory With and Without Urelements and Categories of Interpretations.Benedikt Löwe - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (1):83-91.
    We show that the theories ZF and ZFU are synonymous, answering a question of Visser.
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  46.  14
    A First Glance at Non-Restrictivenesst.Benedikt Löwe - 2001 - Philosophia Mathematica 9 (3):347-354.
    Maddy's notion of restrictiveness has many problematic aspects, one of them being that it is almost impossible to show that a theory is not restrictive. In this note the author addresses a crucial question of Martin Goldstern (Vienna) and points to some directions of future research.
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  47.  11
    The Territories of Science and Religion.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2016 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 3 (2):249.
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  48.  55
    Solovay-Type Characterizations for Forcing-Algebras.Jörg Brendle & Benedikt Löwe - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (3):1307-1323.
    We give characterizations for the sentences "Every $\Sigma^1_2$-set is measurable" and "Every $\Delta^1_2$-set is measurable" for various notions of measurability derived from well-known forcing partial orderings.
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  49.  45
    The Formal Sciences: Their Scope, Their Foundations, and Their Unity.Benedikt Löwe - 2002 - Synthese 133 (1-2):5 - 11.
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  50.  25
    Uniform Unfolding and Analytic Measurability.Benedikt Löwe - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (8):505-520.
    We generalize Solovay's unfolding technique for infinite games and use an Unfolding Theorem to give a uniform method to prove that all analytic sets are in the $\sigma$ -algebras of measurability connected with well-known forcing notions.
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