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Benedikt Paul Göcke
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
  1. Panentheism and Classical Theism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - Sophia 52 (1):61-75.
    Panentheism seems to be an attractive alternative to classical theism. It is not clear, though, what exactly panentheism asserts and how it relates to classical theism. By way of clarifying the thesis of panentheism, I argue that panentheism and classical theism differ only as regards the modal status of the world. According to panentheism, the world is an intrinsic property of God – necessarily there is a world – and according to classical theism the world is an extrinsic property of (...)
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  2.  38
    Concepts of God and Models of the God–World Relation.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (2):e12402.
    There is a variety of concepts of the divine in the eastern and western theological and philosophical traditions. There is, however, not enough reflection on the logic behind concepts of God and their justification. I clarify some necessary and sufficient conditions any attempt to explicate a concept of God has to take into account. I argue that each concept of God is a cypher for a particular worldview and distinguishes three types of justification frequently used to bestow content on particular (...)
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  3.  36
    Christian Cyborgs.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (3):347-364.
    Should or shouldn’t Christians endorse the transhumanist agenda of changing human nature in ways fitting to one’s needs? To answer this question, we first have to be clear on what precisely the thesis of transhumanism entails that we are going to evaluate. Once this point is clarified, I argue that Christians can in principle fully endorse the transhumanist agenda because there is nothing in Christian faith that is in contradiction to it. In fact, given certain plausible moral assumptions, Christians should (...)
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  4. An Analytic Theologian's Stance on the Existence of God.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (2):129--146.
    The existence of God is once again the focus of vivid philosophical discussion. From the point of view of analytic theology, however, people often talk past each other when they debate about the putative existence or nonexistence of God. In the worst case, for instance, atheists deny the existence of a God, which no theists ever claimed to exist. In order to avoid confusions like this we need to be clear about the function of the term 'God' in its different (...)
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  5. Panentheism, Transhumanism, and the Problem of Evil - From Metaphysics to Ethics.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2):65-89.
    There is a close systematic relationship between panentheism, as a metaphysical theory about the relation between God and the world, and transhumanism, the ethical demand to use the means of the applied sciences to enhance both human nature and the environment. This relationship between panentheism and transhumanism provides a ‘cosmic’ solution to the problem of evil: on panentheistic premises, the history of the world is the one infinite life of God, and we are part of the one infinite divine being. (...)
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  6.  19
    There is No Panentheistic Paradigm.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (5).
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  7.  32
    Did God Do It? Metaphysical Models and Theological Hermeneutics.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2):215-231.
    I start by way of clarifying briefly the problem of special divine intervention. Once this is done, I argue that laws of nature are generalizations that derive from the dispositional behaviour of natural kinds. Based on this conception of laws of nature I provide a metaphysical model according to which God can realize acts of special divine providence by way of temporarily changing the dispositions of natural entities. I show that this model does not contradict scientific practice and is consistent (...)
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  8.  7
    A Scientific Theology? A Programmatic Account of the Problems and Prospects for Confessional and Scientific Theology.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 1 (1):53-77.
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  9. On the Importance of Karl Christian Friedrich Krause's Panentheism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - Zygon 48 (2):364-379.
    Panentheism is an often-discussed alternative to Classical theism, and almost any discussion of panentheism starts by way of acknowledging Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781–1832) as the person who coined the term.1 However, apart from this tribute, Krause's own panentheism is almost completely unknown. In what follows, I first present a brief overview of Krause's life and correct some misconceptions of his work before I turn to the core ideas of Krause's own panentheistic system of philosophy. In brief, Krause elaborates a (...)
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  10.  36
    There is No Panentheistic Paradigm.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (6).
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  11.  27
    Reply to Raphael Latester.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2014 - Sophia 53 (3):397-400.
    An important task of philosophy is to provide substantial arguments concerning the basic structure of reality and its relation to the ultimate source of everything. Sometimes, philosophers are convinced that there is an absolutely certain starting point within philosophy. More often, however, they suppose that we start with certain intuitions about empirical reality and its source. Based on these intuitions, philosophers try to develop sound arguments with an intelligible logical structure. By this very fact, they place themselves in the realm (...)
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  12.  25
    Another Reply to Raphael Lataster.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - Sophia 54 (1):99-102.
    Lataster has published another reply to my article on panentheism and classical theism. I should like to respond, first, by way of pointing out some problems in Lataster’s understanding of my argument before; second, I show that Lataster’s panentheistic counterexamples to my distinction to distinguish between classical theism and panentheism presuppose the very distinction he seeks to refute.
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  13. Alles in Gott? Zur Aktualität des Panentheismus Karl Christian Friedrich Krauses.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2012 - Verlag Friedrich Pustet.
    Karl Christian Friedrich Krause war ein bemerkenswerter Denker des Deutschen Idealismus. Seine Schriften können ohne Zweifel mit denen Hegels, Schellings und Fichtes konkurrieren. Gerade im Bereich der theoretischen Philosophie bietet das Krausesche Œuvre eine Fundgrube an Einsichten und Argumenten, die der heutigen, oftmals betont postmodernen oder atheistischen Philosophie eine dringend benötigte Kontrastfolie sein können. Sinn und Zweck der Arbeit ist es, den Panentheismus Krauses zeitgemäß darzustellen und Brückenschläge zur heutigen religionsphilosophischen Debatte aufzuzeigen.
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  14. The Many Problems of Special Divine Action.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):23--36.
    Special divine action is an integral part of the Christian worldview. In fact, the plausibility of the Christian worldview depends on and is grounded in the putative reality, and therefore possibility, of special divine action. Without special divine action, Scripture does not make sense, and without Scripture, Christianity neither. However, the possibility of special divine action is highly contested in almost every field of human enquiry. In what follows, I briefly suggest a minimal definition of special divine action and show (...)
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  15.  74
    Physicalism Quaerens Intellectum.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (4):463-468.
  16.  9
    The Existence of Evil in Christian and Naturalistic Worldviews.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Synthesis Philosophica 32 (1):5-20.
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  17. What is Physicalism?Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2009 - Ratio 22 (3):291-307.
    Although 'most contemporary analytic philosophers [endorse] a physicalist picture of the world' (A. Newen; V. Hoffmann; M. Esfeld, 'Preface to Mental Causation, Externalism and Self-Knowledge', Erkenntnis , 67 (2007), p. 147), it is unclear what exactly the physicalist thesis states. The response that physicalism is the thesis that everything is physical does not solve the problem but is a precise statement of the problem because 'the claim is hopelessly vague' (G. Hellman; F. Thompson, 'Physicalism: Ontology, Determination, and Reduction', Journal of (...)
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  18.  11
    The Territories of Science and Religion.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2016 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 3 (2):249.
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  19. After Physicalism.Benedikt Paul Göcke (ed.) - 2012 - The University of Notre Dame Press.
  20.  89
    Spirituality as a Rhetorical Precondition for Knowledge of God.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (6):1011-1016.
    In a first step I show that given a philosophically<br>warranted concept of God, arguments for<br>the existence of God are either questionbegging<br>or merely stipulative. In a second step<br>I argue that non-stipulative knowledge of God<br>and His existence is intelligible if and only if<br>there is an intellectual intuition of God. I<br>further argue that to obtain this intuition,<br>spiritual training may be necessary. Consistently<br>in this latter case, spirituality becomes a<br>conditio sine qua non in order to assess the truth<br>of theism.
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  21. Panentheism and Panpsychism: Philosophy of Religion Meets Philosophy of Mind.Godehard Brüntrup, Benedikt Paul Göcke & Ludwig Jaskolla (eds.) - 2020
     
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  22. Designobjekt Mensch.Benedikt Paul Göcke & Frank Meier-Hamidi (eds.) - 2018 - Herder.
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  23. Artificial Intelligence: Reflections in Philosophy, Theology, and the Social Sciences.Benedikt Paul Göcke & Astrid Rosenthal-von der Pütten (eds.) - 2020
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  24.  18
    A Reply to Lataster and Bilimoria’s “Panentheism: What It Is and Is Not”.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2019 - Journal of World Philosophies 4 (1):201-203.
    I summarize and critically respond to Raphael Lataster and Purushottama Bilimoria’s paper on panentheism. I show that their suggested concept of panentheism is useless for academic discourse because it refers to contradictory positions.
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  25.  41
    Did God Know It? God’s Relation to a World of Chance and Randomness.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2):233-254.
    A common type of argument against the existence of God is to argue that certain essential features associated with the existence of God are inconsistent with certain other features to be found in the actual world. for an analysis of the different ways to deploy the term “God” in philosophical and theological discourse and for an analysis of the logical form of arguments for and against the existence of God.) A recent example of this type of argument against the existence (...)
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  26. From Physicalism to Theological Idealism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2009 - In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne und Personen. ontos.
    In the first part elements and entailments of an adequate thesis of physicalism are presented. In the second part an argument against these is elaborated. Based on this argument a thesis of theological idealism is sketched.
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  27.  52
    God, Soul, and Time in Priest and Swinburne.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2008 - New Blackfriars 89 (1024):730-738.
    Contra Swinburne I argue that God cannot exist within time. There is a sufficient condition for its being now now. Because the conception of God existing within time cannot account for this condition, it has to be rejected. Based on Priest I argue that God's creative act is this: to cause the actuality of the universe within the soul.
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  28. Handelt Gott in der Welt? Neue Ansätze aus Theologie und Religionsphilosophie.Benedikt Paul Göcke & Ruben Schneider (eds.) - 2017
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  29. How to Heckle Swinburne on God and Time.Benedikt Paul Göcke, Matthias Hoesch & Peter Rohs - 2008 - In Nicola Mößner, Sebastian Schmoranzer & Christian Weidemann (eds.), Richard Swinburne. Christian Philosophy in a Modern World. ontos.
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  30. How to Kripke Brandom's Notion of Necessity.Benedikt Paul Göcke, Martin Pleitz & Hanno von Wulfen - 2008 - In Bernd Prien & David P. Schweikard (eds.), Robert Brandom. Analytic Pragmatist. ontos.
    In this paper we discuss Brandom's definition of necessity, which is part of the incompatibility sematnics he develops in his fifth John Locke Lecture. By comparing incompatibility semantics to standard Kripkean possible worlds semantics for modality, we motivate an alternative definition of necessity in Brandom's own terms. Our investigation of this alternative necessity will show that - contra to Brandom's own results - incompatibility semantics does not necessarily lead to the notion of necessity of the modal logic S5.
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  31.  12
    Holm Tetens on Panentheism: The Concept of Panentheism, Sin, and Special Divine Action.Benedikt Paul Göcke & Ludwig Jaskolla - 2017 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 59 (4):482-494.
    SummaryWe briefly clarify Tetens’s concept of God and argue that there are some problems regarding both the precise formulation of his panentheism as well as its implications for sin and special divine action.
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  32. István Aranyosi, God, Mind, and Logical Space: A Revisionary Approach to Divinity.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):264--268.
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  33.  37
    Idealismus Und Natürliche Theologie.Göcke Benedikt Paul & Wasmaier-Sailer Margit (eds.) - 2011 - Verlag Karl Alber.
    Insofern die Frage nach Gott die Mitte der Religion ist, ist die philosophische Reflexion der Rede von Gott wesentlich für das Selbstverständnis von Religion. Die natürliche Theologie als philosophisches Nachdenken über Gott nimmt somit da, wo es um Religion geht, eine zentrale Stellung ein. Dieser Sammelband fragt nach der Tragfähigkeit und Relevanz des Deutschen Idealismus für die gegenwärtige natürliche Theologie. Die Beiträge zeigen, inwieweit sich aus den Systemen Kants und der Idealisten Kriterien für eine Rede von Gott gewinnen lassen, die (...)
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  34.  1
    Karl Christian Friedrich Krause Einfluss auf Arthur Schopenhauers „Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung“.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2021 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 103 (1):148-168.
    After a brief introduction to Krause’s life and work this article investigates the impression, based of the available sources, that Krause had an important influence on Schopenhauer’s philosophy. It then provides a concise systematic analysis of central elements of Krause’s and Schopenhauer’s thinking and thereby substantiates the claim that Krause did indeed have a significant influence on the development of the philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer.
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  35.  2
    Panentheismus.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2019 - In Klaus Viertbauer & Georg Gasser (eds.), Handbuch Analytische Religionsphilosophie. Akteure – Diskurse – Perspektiven. Metzler. pp. 283-294.
    Der Begriff des Panentheismus wurde 1828 vom deutschen Philosophen Karl Christian Friedrich Krause in seinen Vorlesungen über das System der Philosophie eingeführt und bezeichnet dort die Synthese der Positionen des Theismus und des Pantheismus: Krause zufolge ist Gott als der eine unendliche und unbedingte Grund der Welt weder mit der Welt identisch noch nicht identisch mit der Welt. Stattdessen sei die Welt ein konstitutiver Teil der Existenz und des Wesens Gottes, der durch diesen Teil nicht vollständig in seiner Existenz und (...)
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  36.  86
    Priest and Nagel on Being Someone: A Refutation of Physicalism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (4):648-651.
  37.  47
    Persons: Human and Divine – Peter Van Inwagen and Dean Zimmerman.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2009 - Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):179-184.
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  38.  37
    Reviews Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action . By E. J. Lowe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, Pp. 240, £19.99. [REVIEW]Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (2):302-306.
  39. Welt - Geist - Gott.Benedikt Paul Göcke, Klaus Müller & Fana Schiefen (eds.) - 2020
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  40.  21
    Wissenschaft Ist Panentheismus.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2011 - In Göcke Benedikt Paul & Wasmaier-Sailer Margit (eds.), Idealismus und natürliche Theologie. Verlag Karl Alber.
    The paper deals with Karl Christian Friedrich Krause's (1781-1832) Panentheism and argues for an holistic philosophy of science based on idealistic premisses.
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  41. Beyond Faith and Rationality: Essays on Logic, Religion and Philosophy.Ricardo Sousa Silvestre, Benedikt Paul Göcke, Jean-Yves Beziau & Purushottama Bilimoria (eds.) - forthcoming - Berlin, Germany: Springer.
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