Results for 'Benedikt Römer'

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  1.  40
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  2.  89
    A Public Ownership Resolution of the Tragedy of the Commons*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):74-92.
    Imagine a society of fisherfolk, who, in the state of nature, fish on a lake of finite size. Fishing on the lake is characterized by decreasing returns to scale in labor, because the lake's finite size imply that each successive hour of fishing labor is less effective than the previous one, as the remaining fish become less dense in the lake. In the state of nature, the lake is commonly owned: each fishes as much as he pleases, and, we might (...)
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  3.  66
    Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Information: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):215-244.
    Radical and liberal theories of egalitarianism are distinguished, in large part, by the differing degrees to which they hold people responsible for their own well-being. The most liberal or individualistic theory calls for equality of opportunity. Once such “starting gate equality,” as Dworkin calls it, is guaranteed, then any final outcome is justified, provided certain rules, such as voluntary trading, are observed. At the other pole, the most radical egalitarianism calls for equality of welfare. In between these two extremes are (...)
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  4.  33
    What Walrasian Marxism Can and Cannot Do * Article Author Query * Roemer J [Google Scholar].John Roemer - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):149-156.
    In their article “Roemer's ‘General’ Theory of Exploitation is a Special Case: The Limits of Walrasian Marxism,” Devine and Dymski portray me as some sort of Walrasian automaton who believes that phenomena that are not easily modelled using the Walrasian model of perfect competition do not exist. Their criticism of my theory assumes that I was attempting to model capitalism in its entirety, a task that, I agree, I failed to do. I did not propose a theory of accumulation, or (...)
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  5.  57
    Providing Equal Educational Opportunity: Public Vs. Voucher Schools*: JOHN E. ROEMER.John E. Roemer - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):291-309.
    All advanced societies maintain a commitment to equal educational opportunity, which they claim to implement through a public school system that is charged toprovide all children with an education up to a state-enforced standard. Indeed, what public schools do, even in the best of circumstances, is to provide all children with a more or less equal exposure to educational inputs, rather than to guarantee them equal educational attainment. Children, as the schools receive them, differ markedly in their docility — due (...)
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  6.  47
    Inequality Reexamined.John Roemer & Amartya Sen - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (3):554.
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  7. A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner.John E. Roemer - 1993 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (2):146-166.
  8. A General Theory of Exploitation and Class.J. Roemer - 1985 - Critica 17 (49):71-76.
     
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  9. Analytical Marxism.John Roemer (ed.) - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    As John Roemer says in his introduction to this volume, 'During the past decade, what now appears as a new species in social theory has been forming: analytically sophisticated Marxism. Its practitioners are largely inspired by Marxian questions which they pursue with contemporary tools of logic, mathematics, and model building … These writers are, self-consciously, products of both the Marxian and non-Marxian traditions.' This volume assembles substantial and original essays, both published and unpublished, by some of the leading practitioners of (...)
     
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  10.  15
    [Book Review] Theories of Distributive Justice. [REVIEW]John E. Roemer - 2000 - Social Theory and Practice 26 (2):327-345.
  11.  35
    Egalitarian Perspectives: Essays in Philosophical Economics.John E. Roemer - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents fifteen essays, written over the past dozen years, on egalitarianism. The essays explore contemporary philosophical debates on this subject, using the tools of modern economic theory, general equilibrium theory, game theory, and the theory of mechanism design. Egalitarian Perspectives is divided into four parts: the theory of exploitation; equality of resources; bargaining theory and distributive justice; and market socialism and public ownership. The first part presents Roemer's influential reconceptualisation of the Marxian theory of exploitation as a theory (...)
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  12. If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich?John E. Roemer - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):106-112.
  13. Defending Equality of Opportunity.John E. Roemer - 2003 - The Monist 86 (2):261-282.
    The theory of equal opportunity as I have expounded it in Roemer uses a language comprising five words: objective, circumstance, type, effort, and policy. The objective is the kind of outcome or well-being or advantage for whose acquisition one wishes to equalize opportunities, in a given population. Circumstances are the set of environmental influences, beyond the individual’s control, that affect his or her chances of acquiring the objective. A type is the group of individuals in the population with a given (...)
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  14. Transformationen der Kritischen Anthropologie: Für Michael Benedikt Zum 80. Geburtstag.Cornelius Zehetner, Michael Benedikt, Hermann Rauchenschwandtner & Birgit Zehetmayer (eds.) - 2010 - Löcker.
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  15. Equality of Talent.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  16.  94
    On Several Approaches to Equality of Opportunity.John E. Roemer - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):165-200.
    The formal theory of equality of opportunity emerged as a response – a friendly amendment – to Ronald Dworkin's characterization of resource egalitarianism, as defined by the allocation that would emerge from insurance contracts arrived at behind a thin veil of ignorance. This article compares several of the prominent versions of this response, put forth in the period 1993–2008. I argue that a generalization of Roemer's proposal is the most satisfactory approach. Inherent in that generalization is an indeterminism, which reflects (...)
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  17. Should Marxists Be Interested in Exploitation?John E. Roemer - 1985 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 14 (1):30-65.
  18. An Analytic Theologian's Stance on the Existence of God.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (2):129--146.
    The existence of God is once again the focus of vivid philosophical discussion. From the point of view of analytic theology, however, people often talk past each other when they debate about the putative existence or nonexistence of God. In the worst case, for instance, atheists deny the existence of a God, which no theists ever claimed to exist. In order to avoid confusions like this we need to be clear about the function of the term 'God' in its different (...)
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  19.  21
    Free to Lose: An Introduction to Marxist Economic Philosophy.John E. Roemer - 1988 - Harvard University Press.
    Introduction Marxism is a set of ideas from which sprang particular approaches to economics, sociology, anthropology, political theory, literature, art, ...
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  20.  66
    Socialism Revised.John E. Roemer - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (3):261-315.
  21. Panentheism and Classical Theism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - Sophia 52 (1):61-75.
    Panentheism seems to be an attractive alternative to classical theism. It is not clear, though, what exactly panentheism asserts and how it relates to classical theism. By way of clarifying the thesis of panentheism, I argue that panentheism and classical theism differ only as regards the modal status of the world. According to panentheism, the world is an intrinsic property of God – necessarily there is a world – and according to classical theism the world is an extrinsic property of (...)
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  22.  8
    Attention Please: No Affective Priming Effects in a Valent/Neutral-Categorisation Task.Benedikt Werner & Klaus Rothermund - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):119-132.
  23.  68
    The Mismarriage of Bargaining Theory and Distributive Justice.John Roemer - 1986 - Ethics 97 (1):88-110.
  24. Property Relations Vs. Surplus Value in Marxian Exploitation.John E. Roemer - 1982 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 11 (4):281-313.
  25.  13
    Detection of Near-Threshold Sounds is Independent of EEG Phase in Common Frequency Bands.Benedikt Zoefel & Peter Heil - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  26.  18
    Kinesthetic and Vestibular Information Modulate Alpha Activity During Spatial Navigation: A Mobile EEG Study.Benedikt V. Ehinger, Petra Fischer, Anna L. Gert, Lilli Kaufhold, Felix Weber, Gordon Pipa & Peter König - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  27.  36
    Concepts of God and Models of the God–World Relation.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (2):e12402.
    There is a variety of concepts of the divine in the eastern and western theological and philosophical traditions. There is, however, not enough reflection on the logic behind concepts of God and their justification. I clarify some necessary and sufficient conditions any attempt to explicate a concept of God has to take into account. I argue that each concept of God is a cypher for a particular worldview and distinguishes three types of justification frequently used to bestow content on particular (...)
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  28.  89
    Ideology, Social Ethos, and the Financial Crisis.John E. Roemer - 2012 - The Journal of Ethics 16 (3):273-303.
    The crisis of 2008–2009 has been viewed primarily as a financial one, which has spilled over into the economy more generally. I want to argue that there is a much deeper crisis, of which the present one is a result. The deeper crisis is political: more specifically, it is a crisis in the ideology and social ethos of the American people. I refer to what has happened to the thinking of United States citizens since the Second World War, and the (...)
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  29. Value, Exploitation and Class.J. Roemer - 2002 - Taylor & Francis.
    John E. Roemer, one of the founders of analytical Marxism, draws on contemporary mathematical economics to put forward a refined extension of the Marxian theory of exploitation, labour value and class.
     
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  30.  36
    Egalitarianism Against the Veil of Ignorance.John E. Roemer - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):167-184.
  31.  35
    Christian Cyborgs.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (3):347-364.
    Should or shouldn’t Christians endorse the transhumanist agenda of changing human nature in ways fitting to one’s needs? To answer this question, we first have to be clear on what precisely the thesis of transhumanism entails that we are going to evaluate. Once this point is clarified, I argue that Christians can in principle fully endorse the transhumanist agenda because there is nothing in Christian faith that is in contradiction to it. In fact, given certain plausible moral assumptions, Christians should (...)
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  32.  4
    The Role of High-Level Processes for Oscillatory Phase Entrainment to Speech Sound.Benedikt Zoefel & Rufin VanRullen - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  25
    Methodological Individualism and Deductive Marxism.John E. Roemer - 1982 - Theory and Society 11 (4):513.
  34. The Many Problems of Special Divine Action.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):23--36.
    Special divine action is an integral part of the Christian worldview. In fact, the plausibility of the Christian worldview depends on and is grounded in the putative reality, and therefore possibility, of special divine action. Without special divine action, Scripture does not make sense, and without Scripture, Christianity neither. However, the possibility of special divine action is highly contested in almost every field of human enquiry. In what follows, I briefly suggest a minimal definition of special divine action and show (...)
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  35.  54
    Eclectic Distributional Ethics.John E. Roemer - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):267-281.
    Utilitarians, maximinners, prioritarians, and sufficientarians each provide examples of situations demonstrating, often apparently compellingly, that a sensible ethical observer must adopt their view and reject the others. I argue, to the contrary, that an attractive ethic is eclectic or pluralistic, in the sense of coinciding with these apparently different views in different regions of the space of social states. I reject the view that an appealing ethic can be universally maximin, prioritarian, or utilitarian. Key Words: distributive justice • utilitarianism • (...)
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  36.  35
    There is No Panentheistic Paradigm.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (6).
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  37. Egalitarianism Against the Veil of Ignorance.John E. Roemer - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):167-184.
  38. Phimsamp: Philosophy of Mathematics: Sociological Aspsects and Mathematical Practice.Benedikt Löwe & Thomas Müller (eds.) - 2010 - College Publications.
  39.  68
    Roemer's “General” Theory of Exploitation Is a Special Case: The Limits of Walrasian Marxism: James Devine And Cary Dymski.James Devine - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):235-275.
    In a series of recent writings, John Roemer has made a provocative claim: exploitation and class are merely second-order concepts within Marxian theory, because both phenomena derive directly from differential ownership of productive assets ; indeed, exploitation remains a consistent index of economic injustice only if a “property relations” conception of exploitation replaces the common “labor-value” view. In sum, property relations, not the labor exchange, the labor proces, labor values, or even capitalist accumlation should be the central concern of Marxian (...)
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  40.  32
    Did God Do It? Metaphysical Models and Theological Hermeneutics.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2):215-231.
    I start by way of clarifying briefly the problem of special divine intervention. Once this is done, I argue that laws of nature are generalizations that derive from the dispositional behaviour of natural kinds. Based on this conception of laws of nature I provide a metaphysical model according to which God can realize acts of special divine providence by way of temporarily changing the dispositions of natural entities. I show that this model does not contradict scientific practice and is consistent (...)
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  41.  7
    A Scientific Theology? A Programmatic Account of the Problems and Prospects for Confessional and Scientific Theology.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2017 - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 1 (1):53-77.
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  42.  55
    Set-Theoretic Absoluteness and the Revision Theory of Truth.Benedikt Löwe & Philip D. Welch - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (1):21-41.
    We describe the solution of the Limit Rule Problem of Revision Theory and discuss the philosophical consequences of the fact that the truth set of Revision Theory is a complete 1/2 set.
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  43. On the Importance of Karl Christian Friedrich Krause's Panentheism.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2013 - Zygon 48 (2):364-379.
    Panentheism is an often-discussed alternative to Classical theism, and almost any discussion of panentheism starts by way of acknowledging Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781–1832) as the person who coined the term.1 However, apart from this tribute, Krause's own panentheism is almost completely unknown. In what follows, I first present a brief overview of Krause's life and correct some misconceptions of his work before I turn to the core ideas of Krause's own panentheistic system of philosophy. In brief, Krause elaborates a (...)
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  44.  15
    Roemer and the First Determination of the Velocity of Light.M. Romer & I. Cohen - 1940 - Isis 31:327-379.
  45.  37
    Generalized Algebra-Valued Models of Set Theory.Benedikt Löwe & Sourav Tarafder - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):192-205.
  46.  9
    A Future for Socialism.John E. Roemer - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):462-464.
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  47.  51
    The Morality and Efficiency of Market Socialism.John E. Roemer - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):448-464.
  48.  14
    Thoughts on Arrangements of Property Rights in Productive Assets.John E. Roemer - 2013 - Analyse & Kritik 35 (1):55-63.
    State ownership, worker ownership, and household ownership are the three main forms in which productive assets can be held. I argue that worker ownership is not wise in economies with high capital-labor ratios, for it forces the worker to concentrate all her assets in one firm. I review the coupon economy that I proposed in 1994, and express reservations that it could work: greedy people would be able to circumvent its purpose of preventing the concentration of corporate wealth. Although extremely (...)
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  49.  26
    Reply to Raphael Latester.Benedikt Paul Göcke - 2014 - Sophia 53 (3):397-400.
    An important task of philosophy is to provide substantial arguments concerning the basic structure of reality and its relation to the ultimate source of everything. Sometimes, philosophers are convinced that there is an absolutely certain starting point within philosophy. More often, however, they suppose that we start with certain intuitions about empirical reality and its source. Based on these intuitions, philosophers try to develop sound arguments with an intelligible logical structure. By this very fact, they place themselves in the realm (...)
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  50. Intergenerational Equity and Sustainability.John Roemer & Kotaro Suzumura (eds.) - 2007 - Palgrave Publishers.
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