Results for 'Benjamin W. White'

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  1.  21
    Accuracy in Reconstructing the Arrangement of Elements Generating Kinetic Depth Displays.Benjamin W. White & Gayle E. Mueser - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (1):1.
  2.  9
    Visual and Auditory Closure.Benjamin W. White - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (4):234.
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  3.  12
    Addressing the Language Binding Problem With Dynamic Functional Connectivity During Meaningful Spoken Language Comprehension.Erin J. White, Candace Nayman, Benjamin T. Dunkley, Anne E. Keller, Taufik A. Valiante & Elizabeth W. Pang - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  4. Darwinian Evolution and Classical Liberalism: Theories in Tension.Logan Paul Gage, Bruce L. Gordon, Shawn E. Klein, Peter Lawler, Roger Masters, Angus Menuge, Michael J. White, Jay W. Richards, Timothy Sandefur, Richard Weikart, John West & Benjamin Wiker - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Darwinian Evolution and Classical Liberalism brings together a collection of new essays that examine the multifaceted ferment between Darwinian biology and classical liberalism.
     
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  5.  25
    Recent Developments in Health Law: The Bush Administration's Health Care Proposal: The Proper Establishment of a Consumer-Driven Health Care Regime.Benjamin P. Falit - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (3):632-646.
    In his State of the Union address on January 31, 2006, President George W. Bush asserted: “for all Americans, we must confront the rising cost of care, strengthen the doctor-patient relationship, and help people afford the insurance coverage they need.” Soon thereafter, the White House National Economic Council released a summary of President Bush's plans for health care reform. The Bush plan argues that increased consumer control over health care purchasing decisions will go a long way to solving America's (...)
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  6. Mind Time: The Temporal Factor in Consciousness.Benjamin W. Libet - 2004 - MIT Press.
    Over a long career, Libet has conducted experiments that have shown, in clear and concrete ways, how the brain produces conscious awareness.
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  7. Do We Have Free Will?Benjamin W. Libet - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):47-57.
    I have taken an experimental approach to this question. Freely voluntary acts are preceded by a specific electrical change in the brain that begins 550 ms before the act. Human subjects became aware of intention to act 350-400 ms after RP starts, but 200 ms. before the motor act. The volitional process is therefore initiated unconsciously. But the conscious function could still control the outcome; it can veto the act. Free will is therefore not excluded. These findings put constraints on (...)
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  8. Do We Have Free Will?Benjamin W. Libet - 2002 - In Robert H. Kane (ed.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 551--564.
    I have taken an experimental approach to this question. Freely voluntary acts are preceded by a specific electrical change in the brain that begins 550 ms before the act. Human subjects became aware of intention to act 350-400 ms after RP starts, but 200 ms. before the motor act. The volitional process is therefore initiated unconsciously. But the conscious function could still control the outcome; it can veto the act. Free will is therefore not excluded. These findings put constraints on (...)
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  9.  97
    Brain Stimulation in the Study of Neuronal Functions for Conscious Sensory Experiences.Benjamin W. Libet - 1982 - Human Neurobiology 1:235-42.
  10.  86
    The Neural Time Factor in Conscious and Unconscious Events.Benjamin W. Libet - 1993 - In G. R. Bock & James L. Marsh (eds.), Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness. (Ciba Foundation Symposium 174). pp. 174--123.
  11. The Nature of Epistemic Trust.Benjamin W. McCraw - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (4):413-430.
    This paper offers an analysis of the nature of epistemic trust. With increased philosophical attention to social epistemology in general and testimony in particular, the role for an epistemic or intellectual version of trust has loomed large in recent debates. But, too often, epistemologists talk about trust without really providing a sustained examination of the concept. After some introductory comments, I begin by addressing various components key to trust simpliciter. In particular, I examine what we might think of when we (...)
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  12. The Volitional Brain: Towards a Neuroscience of Free Will.Benjamin W. Libet, Anthony Freeman & Keith Sutherland - 1999 - Imprint Academic.
    It is widely accepted in science that the universe is a closed deterministic system in which everything can, ultimately, be explained by purely physical...
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  13. Can Conscious Experience Affect Brain Activity?Benjamin W. Libet - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (12):24-28.
    The chief goal of Velmans' article is to find a way to solve the problem of how conscious experience could have bodily effects. I shall discuss his treatment of this below. First, I would like to deal with Velmans' treatment of my own studies of volition and free will in relation to brain processes. Unconscious Initiation and Conscious Veto of Freely Voluntary Acts Velmans appropriately refers to our experimental study that found that onset of an electrically observable cerebral process preceded (...)
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  14.  47
    Neurophysiology of Consciousness: Selected Papers and New Essays.Benjamin W. Libet - 1993 - Birkhauser.
    Behav. and Brain Sci., 8, 558-566. Libet, B. (1987). 'Consciousness: Conscious, Subjective Experience.' In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience , ed. G. Adelman. ...
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  15.  79
    A Testable Theory of Mind-Brain Interaction.Benjamin W. Libet - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (1):119-26.
    The paper begins by contrasting the unitary nature of conscious experience with the demonstrable localization of neural events. Philosophers and neuroscientists have developed models to account for this paradox, but they have yet to be tested empirically. The author proposes a `Conscious Mental Field', which is produced by, but is phenomenologically distinct from, brain activity. The hypothesis is, in principle, open to experimental verification. The paper suggests appropriate surgical procedures and some of the difficulties that would need to be overcome (...)
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  16. The Rules of Thought.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa & Benjamin W. Jarvis - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Ichikawa and Jarvis offer a new rationalist theory of mental content and defend a traditional epistemology of philosophy. They argue that philosophical inquiry is continuous with non-philosophical inquiry, and can be genuinely a priori, and that intuitions do not play an important role in mental content or the a priori.
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  17. Consciousness, Free Action and the Brain: Commentary on John Searle's Article (with Reply From Searle).Benjamin W. Libet - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (8):59-65.
    Commentary on John Searle's Article John Searle presents a philosopher's view of how conscious experience and free action relate to brain function. That view demands an examination by a neuroscientist who has experimentally investigated this issue.
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  18.  14
    Do the Writing Methodologies of Greco-Roman Historians Have an Impact on Luke’s Writing Order?Benjamin W. W. Fung, Aida B. Spencer & Francois P. Viljoen - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
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  19.  56
    Faith and Trust.Benjamin W. McCraw - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 77 (2):141-158.
    This paper begins with the oft-repeated claim that having faith involves trust in God. Taking this platitude seriously requires at least two philosophical tasks. First, one must address the relevant notion of “trust” guiding the platitude. I offer a sketch of epistemic trust: arguing that epistemic trust involves several components: acceptance, communication, dependence, and confidence. The first duo concerns the epistemic element of epistemic trust and the second part delimit the fiducial aspect to epistemic trust. Second, one must also examine (...)
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  20.  35
    Retroactive Enhancement of a Skin Sensation by a Delayed Cortical Stimulus in Man: Evidence for Delay of a Conscious Sensory Experience.Benjamin W. Libet, E. W. Wright, B. Feinstein & D. K. Pearl - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):367-75.
    Sensation elicited by a skin stimulus was subjectively reported to feel stronger when followed by a stimulus to somatosensory cerebral cortex , even when C was delayed by up to 400 ms or more. This expands the potentiality for retroactive effects beyond that previously known as backward masking. It also demonstrates that the content of a sensory experience can be altered by another cerebral input introduced after the sensory signal arrives at the cortex. The long effective S-C intervals support the (...)
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  21. Belief Without Credence.J. Adam Carter, Benjamin W. Jarvis & Katherine Rubin - 2016 - Synthese 193 (8):2323-2351.
    One of the deepest ideological divides in contemporary epistemology concerns the relative importance of belief versus credence. A prominent consideration in favor of credence-based epistemology is the ease with which it appears to account for rational action. In contrast, cases with risky payoff structures threaten to break the link between rational belief and rational action. This threat poses a challenge to traditional epistemology, which maintains the theoretical prominence of belief. The core problem, we suggest, is that belief may not be (...)
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  22. Varieties of Cognitive Achievement.J. Adam Carter, Benjamin W. Jarvis & Katherine Rubin - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (6):1603-1623.
    According to robust virtue epistemology , knowledge is type-identical with a particular species of cognitive achievement. The identification itself is subject to some criticism on the grounds that it fails to account for the anti-luck features of knowledge. Although critics have largely focused on environmental luck, the fundamental philosophical problem facing RVE is that it is not clear why it should be a distinctive feature of cognitive abilities that they ordinarily produce beliefs in a way that is safe. We propose (...)
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  23.  33
    Subjective Antedating of a Sensory Experience and Mind-Brain Theories: Reply to Honderich.Benjamin W. Libet - 1985 - Journal of Theoretical Biology 114:563-70.
  24. Conscious Intention and Brain Activity.Patrick Haggard & Benjamin W. Libet - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (11):47-63.
    The problem of free will lies at the heart of modern scientific studies of consciousness. An influential series of experiments by Libet has suggested that conscious intentions arise as a result of brain activity. This contrasts with traditional concepts of free will, in which the mind controls the body. A more recent study by Haggard and Eimer has further examined the relation between intention and brain processes, concluding that conscious awareness of intention is linked to the choice or selection of (...)
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  25.  36
    Do the Models Offer Testable Proposals of Brain Functions for Conscious Experience?Benjamin W. Libet - 1998 - In H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci & S. Rossignol (eds.), Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven.
  26. Solutions to the Hard Problem of Consciousness.Benjamin W. Libet - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1):33-35.
    Solutions to the ‘hard problem’ of consciousness must accept conscious experience as a fundamental non-reducible phenomenon in nature, as Chalmers suggests. Chalmers proposes candidates for an acceptable theory, but I find basic flaws in these. Our own experimental investigations of brain processes causally involved in the development of conscious experience appear to meet Chalmers’ requirement. Even more directly, I had previously proposed a hypothetical ‘conscious mental field’ as an emergent property of appropriate neural activities, with the attributes of integrated subjective (...)
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  27.  82
    Commentary on Free Will in the Light of Neuropsychiatry.Benjamin W. Libet - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (2):95-96.
  28.  14
    Announcement.Benjamin W. Moulton, Kathleen M. Boozang & Edward J. Hutchinson - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):740-740.
  29.  86
    How to Model an Institution.John W. Mohr & Harrison C. White - 2008 - Theory and Society 37 (5):485-512.
  30.  5
    Cerebral Physiology of Conscious Experience: Experimental Studies in Human Subjects.Benjamin W. Libet - 2003 - In Naoyuki Osaka (ed.), Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins. pp. 49--57.
  31.  5
    Integrity in Action: Medical Education as a Training in Conscience.John Brewer Eberly & Benjamin W. Frush - 2019 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (3):414-433.
    Cowardice asks the question, is it safe? Expediency asks the question, is it politic? Vanity asks the question, is it popular? But conscience asks the question, is it right? And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must take it because conscience tells him it is right.Your burden is not to clear your conscience but to learn how to bear the burdens on your conscience.Since the time of (...)
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  32.  19
    Misdirected by the Gap: The Relationship Between Inattentional Blindness and Attentional Misdirection.Gustav Kuhn & Benjamin W. Tatler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):432-436.
    In several of our articles we have drawn analogies between inattentional blindness paradigms and misdirection. Memmert however, has criticized this analogy and urged for caution in assuming too much of a close relationship between these two phenomena. Here we consider the points raised by Memmert and highlight some misunderstandings and omissions in his interpretation of our work, which substantially undermine his argument. Debating the similarities and differences between aspects of misdirection and inattentional blindness is valuable and has the potential to (...)
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  33.  25
    Chaos and Algorithmic Complexity.Robert W. Batterman & Homer White - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (3):307-336.
    Our aim is to discover whether the notion of algorithmic orbit-complexity can serve to define “chaos” in a dynamical system. We begin with a mostly expository discussion of algorithmic complexity and certain results of Brudno, Pesin, and Ruelle (BRP theorems) which relate the degree of exponential instability of a dynamical system to the average algorithmic complexity of its orbits. When one speaks of predicting the behavior of a dynamical system, one usually has in mind one or more variables in the (...)
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  34. Vague Objects for Those Who Want Them.David W. Cowles & Michael J. White - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 63 (2):203 - 216.
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  35.  42
    The Problem of Evil: New Philosophical Directions.Benjamin W. McCraw & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2015 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    The Problem of Evil: New Philosophical Directions brings together a diversity of philosophical views, methods, and approaches to the much-discussed topic of evil and its bearing on religious belief. Through both general and specific examinations of the problem of evil, this book proposes new directions for philosophical thought.
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  36.  6
    13 Reid's Influence in Britain, Germany, France, and America.Benjamin W. Redekop - 2004 - In Terence Cuneo Rene van Woudenberg (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid. Cambridge University Press. pp. 313.
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  37.  18
    The Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi Edited and Translated by George Di Giovanni Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994, Xiv + 683 Pp. [REVIEW]Benjamin W. Redekop - 1997 - Dialogue 36 (4):858-.
  38. LATEST: A Model of Saccadic Decisions in Space and Time.Benjamin W. Tatler, James R. Brockmole & R. H. S. Carpenter - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (3):267-300.
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  39.  19
    Re-Presenting the Case for Representation.Benjamin W. Tatler - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):1006-1007.
    O'Regan & Noë (O&N) present the most radical departure yet from traditional approaches to visual perception. However, internal representation cannot yet be abandoned. I will discuss: (1) recent evidence for very short-term pictorial representation of each fixation; (2) the possibility of abstract representation, largely unconsidered by the authors; and (3) that sensorimotor contingency theory requires internal visual retention and comparison.
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  40. Benjamin W. Bacon, Christianity Old and New. [REVIEW]J. M. Thompson - 1914 - Hibbert Journal 13:226.
     
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  41.  11
    On Cosmic Reversibility.Benjamin W. Van Riper - 1917 - Philosophical Review 26 (4):361-377.
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  42. Constraint Partitioning in Penalty Formulations for Solving Temporal Planning Problems.Benjamin W. Wah & Yixin Chen - 2006 - Artificial Intelligence 170 (3):187-231.
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  43. Benjamin W. McCraw and Robert Arp, Eds. Philosophical Approaches to the Devil.Christopher Woznicki - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:815-818.
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  44. Winning Isnt Everything-Rats Traverse a Radial-Arm Maze Efficiently Without Food.W. Timberlake & W. White - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):495-495.
     
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  45.  33
    Laura Frances Callahan and Timothy O’Connor : Religious Faith and Intellectual Virtue: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014, 333 Pp, £45.00. [REVIEW]Benjamin W. McCraw - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 77 (3):281-285.
    Let me begin with what I take to be the two most significant features of this collection. First, it addresses an area that is woefully under-discussed: the intersection of virtue epistemology and philosophy of religion. Each is a massively influential and important field in its own right, so bringing the two into dialogue makes tremendous sense. This collection accomplishes much in this regard but also underscores the amount of work that needs to be developed. Bringing together virtue epistemology, philosophy of (...)
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  46.  28
    Philosophical Approaches to the Devil.Benjamin W. McCraw & Robert Arp (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    This collection brings together new papers addressing the philosophical challenges that the concept of a Devil presents, bringing philosophical rigor to treatments of the Devil. Contributors approach the idea of the Devil from a variety of philosophical traditions, methodologies, and styles, providing a comprehensive philosophical overview that contemplates the existence, nature, and purpose of the Devil. While some papers take a classical approach to the Devil, drawing on biblical exegesis, other contributors approach the topic of the Devil from epistemological, metaphysical, (...)
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  47.  4
    Trigger Warnings and Resilience in College Students: A Preregistered Replication and Extension.Benjamin W. Bellet, Payton J. Jones, Cynthia A. Meyersburg, Miranda M. Brenneman, Kaitlin E. Morehead & Richard J. McNally - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 26 (4):717-723.
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  48.  7
    DNA Fingerprinting and Civil Liberties.Benjamin W. Moulton - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):147-148.
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  49.  7
    Politika na okraji.W. Benjamin - unknown - Filozofia 59:3-4.
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  50.  18
    Thomas Abbt and the Formation of an Enlightened German "Public".Benjamin W. Redekop - 1997 - Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (1):81-103.
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