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    Fundamental Challenges for Autism Research: The Science–Practice Gap, Demarcating Autism and the Unsuccessful Search for the Neurobiological Basis of Autism.Berend Verhoeff - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (3):443-447.
    One of the central aims of autism research is to identify specific neurodevelopmental mechanisms that cause and explain the visible autistic signs and symptoms. In this short paper, I argue that the persistent search for autism-specific pathophysiologies has two fundamental difficulties. The first regards the growing gap between basic autism science and clinical practice. The second regards the difficulties with demarcating autism as a psychiatric condition. Instead of the unremitting search for the neurobiological basis of autism, I suggest that basic (...)
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  2.  49
    The Autism Puzzle: Challenging a Mechanistic Model on Conceptual and Historical Grounds.Berend Verhoeff - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8:17.
    Although clinicians and researchers working in the field of autism are generally not concerned with philosophical categories of kinds, a model for understanding the nature of autism is important for guiding research and clinical practice. Contemporary research in the field of autism is guided by the depiction of autism as a scientific object that can be identified with systematic neuroscientific investigation. This image of autism is compatible with a permissive account of natural kinds: the mechanistic property cluster (MPC) account of (...)
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    Two Kinds of Autism: A Comparison of Distinct Understandings of Psychiatric Disease.Berend Verhoeff - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (1):111-123.
    In this article, I argue that the history and philosophy of autism need to account for two kinds of autism. Contemporary autism research and practice is structured, directed and connected by an ‘ontological understanding of disease’. This implies that autism is understood as a disease like any other medical disease, existing independently of its particular manifestations in individual patients. In contrast, autism in the 1950s and 1960s was structured by a psychoanalytical framework and an ‘individual understanding of disease’. This implied (...)
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