49 found
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  1. Matters of Interest: The Objects of Research in Science and Technoscience. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, Sacha Loeve, Alfred Nordmann & Astrid Schwarz - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (2):365-383.
    This discussion paper proposes that a meaningful distinction between science and technoscience can be found at the level of the objects of research. Both notions intermingle in the attitudes, intentions, programs and projects of researchers and research institutions—that is, on the side of the subjects of research. But the difference between science and technoscience becomes more explicit when research results are presented in particular settings and when the objects of research are exhibited for the specific interest they hold. When an (...)
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  2. Les Vertiges de la Technoscience: Façonner le Monde Atome Par Atome.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2009 - La Découverte.
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  3.  17
    Discipline-Building in Synthetic Biology.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (2):122-129.
    Despite the multidisciplinary dimension of the kinds of research conducted under the umbrella of synthetic biology, the US-based founders of this new research area adopted a disciplinary profile to shape its institutional identity. In so doing they took inspiration from two already established fields with very different disciplinary patterns. The analogy with synthetic chemistry suggested by the term ‘synthetic biology’ is not the only model. Information technology is clearly another source of inspiration. The purpose of the paper, with its focus (...)
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  4. Self-Assembly, Self-Organization: Nanotechnology and Vitalism. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (1):31-42.
    Over the past decades, self-assembly has attracted a lot of research attention and transformed the relations between chemistry, materials science and biology. The paper explores the impact of the current interest in self-assembly techniques on the traditional debate over the nature of life. The first section describes three different research programs of self-assembly in nanotechnology in order to characterize their metaphysical implications: (1) Hybridization (using the building blocks of living systems for making devices and machines) ; (2) Biomimetics (making artifacts (...)
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  5.  44
    Nanotechnology: A New Regime for the Public in Science?Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):85-94.
    "Public engagement in science" is one of the buzzwords that, since 2000, has been used in nanotechnology programs. To what extent does public engagement disrupt the traditional relations between science and the public? This paper briefly contrasts the traditional model of science communication - the diffusionist model - that prevailed in the twentieth century and the new model - the participatory model - that tends to prevail nowadays. Then it will try to disentangle the assumptions underlying the public dialogue initiated (...)
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  6. Matière à Penser: Essais d'Histoire Et de Philosophie de la Chimie.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2008 - Presses Universitaires de Paris Ouest.
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  7.  43
    Synthetic Biology As a Replica of Synthetic Chemistry? Uses and Misuses of History.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (4):314-318.
  8.  6
    Textbooks on the Map of Science Studies.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2006 - Science & Education 15 (7-8):667-670.
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  9.  14
    Nanomachine : One Word for Three Different Paradigms.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2007 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 11 (1):71-89.
    Scientists and engineers who extensively use the term “nanomachine” are not always aware of the philosophical implications of this term. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of nanomachine through a distinction between three major paradigms of machine. After a brief presentation of two well-known paradigms - Cartesian mechanistic machines and Von Neumann's complex and uncontrolled machines – we will argue that Drexler's model was mainly Cartesian. But what about the model of his critics? We propose a (...)
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  10.  13
    A Historical Perspective on Science and Its “Others”.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):359-368.
  11.  43
    Ask Not What Philosophy Can Do for Chemistry, but What Chemistry Can Do for Philosophy.Hasok Chang, Alfred Nordmann, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent & Jonathan Simon - 2010 - Metascience 19 (3):373-383.
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  12.  17
    Materials as Machines.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2011 - In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. pp. 101--111.
  13.  18
    The Concept of Materials in Historical PerspectiveDas Konzept von Werkstoffen in Historischer Perspektive.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2011 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 19 (1):107-123.
    In diesem Beitrag lege ich dar, dass in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts das Konzept von Werkstoffen (materials) als charakteristischer ontologischer Typus eines neuen Forschungs- und Wissenschaftsstils aufkam. Das soll nicht heißen, dass Werkstoffe niemals zuvor wissenschaftlich bearbeitet worden wären. Zweifellos hatten sich zahlreiche wissenschaftliche Disziplinen mit den Eigenschaften einer ganzen Reihe von Werkstoffen befasst. Doch wurden dabei Werkstoffe nicht als generische, also alle Arten von Stoffen umfassende, Entität betrachtet.Ziel dieses Aufsatzes ist zu verstehen, wie Werkstoffe als Gattungseinheit entstanden (...)
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  14.  10
    Popular Science and Politics in Interwar France.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (3):459-471.
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  15.  13
    Atomism and Positivism: A Legend About French Chemistry.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1999 - Annals of Science 56 (1):81-94.
    The strong opposition of nineteenth-century French chemists to atomism is usually described as a national attitude due to the overarching influence of positivism in France. The explanation sounds plausible, at first glance. However, the idea that a philosophy of science acted as an obstacle to the advancement of science needs further investigation. What is meant exactly by a philosophical influence on a scientific community? In analysing the alleged influence of positivism on the chemists' community it is argued that the common (...)
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  16.  27
    The Public Image of Chemistry.Joachim Schummer & Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - unknown
    Of all the scientific disciplines chemistry seems to be particularly concerned about its public image. Indeed, popular associations with chemistry range from poisons, hazards, chemical warfare, and environmental pollution to alchemical pseudo-science, sorcery, and mad scientists. Despite repeated campaigns for convincing the public that chemistry would bring health, comfort, and welfare, chemists frequently meet with hostility in popular culture. As student enrollment numbers has been shrinking, chemistry departments have been closed in several countries. Also in humanist culture chemistry has a (...)
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  17.  12
    Public Demonstrations of Chemistry in Eighteenth Century France.Christine Lehman & Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2007 - Science & Education 16 (6):573.
  18.  7
    L’astronomie populaire, priorité philosophique et projet politique.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1991 - Revue de Synthèse 112 (1):49-59.
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  19. Le mixte, ou l'affirmation d'une identité de la chimie.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2009 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 56:117-142.
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  20. Between History and Memory: Centennial and Bicentennial Images of Lavoisier.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1996 - Isis 87 (3):481-499.
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  21.  8
    Présences scientifiques aux semaines de synthèse.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1996 - Revue de Synthèse 117 (1-2):219-230.
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  22.  49
    Materials Research in France: A Short-Lived National Initiative (1982–1994).Emanuel Bertrand & Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2011 - Minerva 49 (2):191-214.
    This paper describes the French initiative in materials research against both a national and an international background, in an attempt to disentangle the local circumstances, which prompted this governmental initiative, and to characterize the specific profile of materials research in France. In presenting a biography of the interdisciplinary program in materials research (PIRMAT), we argue that: i) the PIRMAT denotes a failure of the French science policy in materials research; ii) the leadership of the CNRS led to a specific style (...)
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  23.  6
    La chimie: Un statut toujours problématique dans la classification du savoir.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1994 - Revue de Synthèse 115 (1-2):135-148.
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  24.  3
    Chemists Without Borders.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):597-607.
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  25.  7
    Une Mythologie Révolutionnaire Dans la Chimie Française.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1983 - Annals of Science 40 (2):189-196.
    The French chemists of the nineteenth century insisted that the ‘rupture lavoisienne’ had marked the advent of a new world. In their view, Lavoisier not only overthrew the theory of phlogiston, he also established the science of chemistry. In the conceptual gap between notions of ‘revolution’ and ‘foundation’ an origin-myth was created. The cult of Lavoisier that developed can be interpreted as a projection of political interests and national pride. By coincidence, the Traité élémentaire appeared in 1789, Year One in (...)
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  26.  35
    Historiography in a Metaphysical Mode.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, Jan Golinski, Lissa L. Roberts & John McEvoy - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):41-57.
    Historiography in a metaphysical mode Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-17 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9524-6 Authors Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, CETCOPRA/Université Paris 1-Panthéon-Sorbonne, 17 Rue de la Sorbonne, 75231 Paris Cedex05, France Jan Golinski, Department of History, University of New Hampshire, 20 Academic Way, Durham, NH 03824, USA Lissa L. Roberts, Department of Science, Technology and Policy Studies (STePS), University of Twente, Postbox 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands John McEvoy, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN (...)
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  27.  11
    The Substance of Civilization: Materials and Human History From the Stone Age to the Age of Silicon. Stephen L. Sass.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1999 - Isis 90 (3):580-580.
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  28.  3
    Histoire des sciences.Stéphane Gioanni, Simone Roux, Pierre Pellegrin, Jean-Marc Rohrbasser, Catherine Goldstein, Nicolas Piqué, Philippe Drieux, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, Edouard Mehl, Monique Cottret, Alain Firode, Christelle Rabier, Cédric Crémière & François Laplanche - 2000 - Revue de Synthèse 121 (1-2):174-213.
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  29.  13
    Alan Rocke. Image and Reality: Kekulé, Kopp, and the Scientific Imagination. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Pp. 416. $45.00. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (2):329-330.
  30.  8
    Töre Frängsmyr, J. L. Heilbron and Robin E. Rider . The Quantifying Spirit in the Eighteenth Century. Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oxford: University of California Press, 1990. Pp. Vii + 411. ISBN 0-520-07022-4. $35.00. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (2):259-260.
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  31.  19
    Between Economics and Chemistry: Lavoisier's and Le Chatelier's Notions of Equilibrium.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent & Valeria Mosini - unknown
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  32.  12
    Abir-Am, Pnina and Clark A. Elliott, Eds. 2001. Commemorative Practices in Science: Historical Perspectives on the Politics of Collective Memory. Osiris, Vol. 14. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Pp. Xii+ 383. $39 (Cloth), $25 (Paper). Appel, Toby A. 2000. Shaping Biology: The National Science Foundation And. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2000 - Perspectives on Science 8 (3).
  33.  7
    D'Archimède à Einstein: Les faces cachées de l'invention scientifiquePierre ThuillierLes passions du savoir: Essais sur les dimensions culturelles de la sciencePierre Thuillier.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):673-674.
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  34.  7
    Peter J. T. Morris. The Matter Factory: A History of the Chemistry Laboratory. 416 Pp., Illus., Apps., Index. London: Reaktion Books, 2015. $45. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2016 - Isis 107 (2):384-386.
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  35.  18
    Comte and the Fortunes of Positivism.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):477-479.
    Comte and the fortunes of positivism Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9512-2 Authors Bernadette Bensaude- Vincent, Université Paris 1 et Institut universitaire de France, UFR de Philosophie, 17 rue de la Sorbonne, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  36.  9
    Textbooks on the Map of Science Studies.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2006 - Science & Education 15 (7):667-670.
  37.  4
    « La chimie n’a pas de territoire assigné ».Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2013 - Hermes 67:, [ p.].
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  38.  6
    Faidra Papanelopoulou;, Augustí Nieto‐Galan;, Enrique Perdiguero . Popularizing Science and Technology in the European Periphery, 1800–2000. Xx + 284 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2009. $114.95. [REVIEW]Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2010 - Isis 101 (3):667-668.
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  39.  5
    Histoire de l'Ecole Polytechnique. Ambroise FourcyLa République avait besoin de savants: Les débuts de l'Ecole Polytechnique: L'Ecole centrale des travaux publics et les cours révolutionnaires de l'An III. Janis Langins.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent & Thérèse Charmasson - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):144-145.
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  40.  8
    « La chimie n’a pas de territoire assigné ».Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2013 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 67 (3):, [ p.].
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  41.  1
    Histoire des Sciences.Emmanuel Poulle, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent & Goulven Laurent - 1988 - Revue de Synthèse 109 (2):355-363.
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  42. Bibliotheca Lavoisieriana: The Catalogue of the Library of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier. Marco Beretta.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):147-148.
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  43. L'originalité de Rousseau parmi les élèves de Rouelle.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1999 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 36:81-101.
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  44. Machines as “Mental Tools”.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2016 - Isis 107 (4):777-780.
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  45. Meyerson Rationaliste?Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2010 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 58:255-274.
     
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  46. Nanobots and Nanotubes: Two Alternative Biomimetic Paradigms of Nanotechnology.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2007 - In Jessica Riskin (ed.), Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life. University of Chicago Press. pp. 221--236.
     
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  47. Water and Measuring: Views on the Intellectual Itinerary of the Young Lavoisier.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 1995 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 48 (1):49-70.
     
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  48.  36
    Chemistry in the French Tradition of Philosophy of Science: Duhem, Meyerson, Metzger and Bachelard.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):627-649.
    At first glance twentieth-century philosophy of science seems virtually to ignore chemistry. However this paper argues that a focus on chemistry helped shape the French philosophical reflections about the aims and foundations of scientific methods. Despite patent philosophical disagreements between Duhem, Meyerson, Metzger and Bachelard it is possible to identify the continuity of a tradition that is rooted in their common interest for chemistry. Two distinctive features of the French tradition originated in the attention to what was going on in (...)
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  49.  20
    Meyerson Critique Ou Héritier de Comte?: Dialogue.Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (1):3-23.
    ABSTRACT Even though Émile Meyerson is rightly seen as an opponent of Comte's positivism, analyzing passages of his works with the help of his correspondence shows the ambiguity of his relation to Comte's philosophy. Drawing on Meyerson's remarks about his relation to Comte's philosophy, this article offers a new perspective on the notion of influence, which is too often perceived as passive or unassimilated reception of a stream of ideas. I argue that Meyerson treated Comte's ideas as a sort of (...)
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