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Bernard R. Goldstein [68]Bernard Goldstein [29]
  1.  54
    Realism and Instrumentalism in Sixteenth Century Astronomy: A Reappraisal.Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1998 - Perspectives on Science 6 (3):232-258.
    : We question the claim, common since Duhem, that sixteenth century astronomy, and especially the Wittenberg interpretation of Copernicus, was instrumentalistic rather than realistic. We identify a previously unrecognized Wittenberg astronomer, Edo Hildericus (Hilderich von Varel), who presents a detailed exposition of Copernicus's cosmology that is incompatible with instrumentalism. Quotations from other sixteenth century astronomers show that knowledge of the real configuration of the heavens was unattainable practically, rather than in principle. Astronomy was limited to quia demonstrations, although demonstration propter (...)
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  2.  24
    Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  3.  24
    From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  4.  34
    Kepler's Move From Orbs to Orbits: Documenting a Revolutionary Scientific Concept.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] and models , by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. To demonstrate the claim that orbit is a revolutionary concept we pursue three (...)
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  5.  9
    Distance and Velocity in Kepler's Astronomy.Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1994 - Annals of Science 51 (1):59-73.
    We will examine Kepler's use of a relation between velocity and distance from a centre of circular motion. This relation plays an essential role, through a derivation in chapter 40 of the Astronomia Nova, in the presentation of the Area Law of planetary motion. Kepler transcends ancient and contemporary applications of the distance-velocity relation by connecting it with his metaphysical commitment to the causal role of the Sun. His second main innovation is to replace the astronomical models of his predecessors (...)
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  6.  2
    Is Seventeenth Century Physics Indebted to the Stoics?Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1984 - Centaurus 27 (2):148-164.
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  7.  8
    Commentary 01 on Goldstein 1980.Bernard R. Goldstein - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (1-2):184-188.
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  8.  18
    The Role of Rothmann in the Dissolution of the Celestial Spheres.Bernard Goldstein & Peter Barker - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Science 28 (4):385-403.
    At the end of the sixteenth century astronomers and others felt compelled to choose among different cosmologies. For Tycho Brahe, who played a central role in these debates, the intersection of the spheres of Mars and the Sun was an outstanding problem that had to be resolved before he made his choice. His ultimate solution was to eliminate celestial spheres in favour of fluid heavens, a crucial step in the abandonment of the Ptolemaic system and the demise of Aristotelian celestial (...)
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  9.  40
    The Role of Comets in the Copernican Revolution.Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1988 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (3):299-319.
  10.  26
    Unpacking "For Reasons of Symmetry": Two Categories of Symmetry Arguments.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):419-439.
  11.  7
    Ibn al-Kamm'd's Star List.Bernard R. Goldstein & JOSÉ CHABÁS - 1996 - Centaurus 38 (4):317-334.
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  12.  7
    What Keeps the Earth in Its Place? The Concept of Stability in Plato and Aristotle.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (4):305-323.
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  13.  3
    New Evidence on Abraham Zacut’s Astronomical Tables.José Chabás & Bernard Goldstein - 2018 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 72 (1):21-62.
    In astronomy Abraham Zacut is best known for the Latin version of his tables, the Almanach Perpetuum, first published in 1496, based on the original Hebrew version that he composed in 1478. These tables for Salamanca, Spain, were analyzed by the authors of this paper in 2000. We now present Zacut’s tables preserved in Latin and Hebrew manuscripts that have not been studied previously, with a concordance of his tables in different sources. Based on a hitherto unnoticed text in a (...)
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  14.  10
    A New View Of Early Greek Astronomy.Bernard Goldstein & Alan Bowen - 1983 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 74:330-340.
  15.  8
    From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science.Giora Hon & Bernard Goldstein - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  16.  27
    Astronomy and Astrology in the Works of Abraham Ibn Ezra.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1996 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6 (1):9.
    Abraham ibn Ezra the Spaniard was one of the foremost transmitters of Arabic science to the West. His astrological and astronomical works, written in Hebrew and later translated into Latin, were considered authoritative by many medieval Jewish and Christian scholars. Some of the works he translated from Arabic are no longer extant in their original form, and on occasion his treatises provide information about earlier sources that is otherwise poorly preserved, if at all. Ibn Ezra seems to be the earliest (...)
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  17.  4
    Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  18.  2
    Analysis of the Astronomical Tables for 1340 Compiled by Immanuel Ben Jacob Bonfils.José Chabás & Bernard Goldstein - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (1):71-108.
    In this paper, we analyze the astronomical tables for 1340 by Immanuel ben Jacob Bonfils who flourished 1340–1365, based on four Hebrew manuscripts. We discuss the relation of these tables principally with those of al-Battānī, Abraham Bar Ḥiyya, and Levi ben Gerson, as well as with Bonfils’s better known tables, called Six Wings. An unusual feature of this set of tables is that there are two kinds of mean motion tables, one arranged for Julian years from 1340 to 1380, months, (...)
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  19. Levi Ben Gerson's Theory of Planetary Distances.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1986 - Centaurus 29 (4):272-313.
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  20.  4
    Adding Velocities Without Exceeding the Velocity of Light: Wilhelm Wien's Algorithm and Albert Einstein's Light Postulate.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Centaurus 48 (2):89-113.
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  21.  9
    The Physical Astronomy of Levi Ben Gerson.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1997 - Perspectives on Science 5:1-30.
  22.  2
    Some Medieval Reports of Venus and Mercury Transits.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1969 - Centaurus 14 (1):49-59.
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  23.  5
    Astronomy and Astrology in the Works of Abraham ibn Ezra.Bernard Goldstein - 1996 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6 (2):9-21.
  24.  2
    On Early Hellenistic Astronomy: Timocharis and the First Callippic Calendar.Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan C. Bowen - 1989 - Centaurus 32 (3):272-293.
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  25.  47
    Towards a Philosophy of Ptolemaic Planetary Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):293-303.
  26.  4
    Astronomy and Astrology in the Works of Abraham Ibn Ezra*: BERNARD R. GOLDSTEIN.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1996 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6 (1):9-21.
    Abraham ibn Ezra the Spaniard was one of the foremost transmitters of Arabic science to the West. His astrological and astronomical works, written in Hebrew and later translated into Latin, were considered authoritative by many medieval Jewish and Christian scholars. Some of the works he translated from Arabic are no longer extant in their original form, and on occasion his treatises provide information about earlier sources that is otherwise poorly preserved, if at all. Ibn Ezra seems to be the earliest (...)
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  27.  3
    A New View of Early Greek Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan C. Bowen - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):330-340.
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  28.  1
    Theory and Observation in Medieval Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1972 - Isis 63 (1):39-47.
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  29.  6
    Maxwell’s Methodological Odyssey in Electromagnetism.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - unknown
    In addition to his scientific achievements, James Clerk Maxwell was an innovator in methodologies in physics. In fact, in his hands methodology and theory mutually inform one another, an aspect of his work that has not been properly appreciated. We examine closely from a methodological perspective Maxwell’s contributions to electromagnetism and uncover a trajectory of great interest, which we call Maxwell’s methodological odyssey. There are four principal stations along the fifteen-year trajectory of Maxwell’s published writings devoted to electromagnetism. These contributions (...)
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  30.  3
    The Arabic Version of Ptolemy's Planetary Hypotheses.G. J. Toomer & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (2):296.
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  31.  60
    Book Review:The General History of Astronomy. Vol. 2: Planetary Astronomy From the Renaissance to the Rise of Astrophysics. Part A: Tycho Brahe to Newton Rene Taton, Curtis Wilson. [REVIEW]Bernard R. Goldstein - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):698-.
  32.  37
    Science as a 'Neutral Zone' for Interreligious Cooperation.Bernard R. Goldstein - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (3):290-291.
  33. Levi Ben Gerson's Preliminary Lunar Model.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1974 - Centaurus 18 (4):275-288.
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  34. Theory and Observation in Medieval Astronomy.Bernard Goldstein - 1972 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 63:39-47.
     
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  35. Book Review. [REVIEW]Bernard Goldstein - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):323-324.
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  36. The Status of Models in Greek and Islamic Astronomy.Bernard Goldstein - 1981 - In Parviz Morewedge (ed.), Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism. Caravan Books. pp. 47--64.
     
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  37.  12
    Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory Device. Emilie Savage-Smith, Marion B. Smith.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1981 - Isis 72 (3):514-515.
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  38.  9
    Towards a Philosophy of Ptolemaic Planetary Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):293-303.
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  39.  11
    Zur Kritik der Koordinatenüberlieferung im Sternkatalog des Almagest. Ibn as-Ṣalāḥ, Paul Kunitzsch.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1978 - Isis 69 (1):118-120.
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  40.  8
    Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. Volume VI: Astronomie bis ca. 430 H. Fuat Sezgin.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1980 - Isis 71 (2):341-342.
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  41.  26
    Kepler's Move From.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1).
    : This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] (spherical shells to which the planets were attached) and models (called hypotheses at the time), by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. (...)
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  42.  3
    The Medieval Hebrew Tradition in Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):145-148.
  43. The Hebrew Astronomical Tradition: New Sources.Bernard Goldstein - 1981 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 72:237-251.
  44. The Hebrew Astronomical Tradition: New Sources.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1981 - Isis 72 (2):237-251.
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  45.  9
    Ptolemy's Almagest by Ptolemy; G. J. Toomer. [REVIEW]Bernard Goldstein - 1985 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 76:117-118.
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  46.  9
    Principles of Hindu Reckoning. [REVIEW]Bernard Goldstein - 1966 - Speculum 41 (2):341-342.
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  47.  7
    Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. Volume VII: Astrologie-Meteorologie und Verwandtes, bis ca. 430 HFuat Sezgin.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):310-311.
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  48.  5
    Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):635-660.
  49.  6
    ʿAlī Ibn Sulaymān Al-Hāshimī, the Book of the Reasons Behind Astronomical TablesAli Ibn Sulayman Al-Hashimi, the Book of the Reasons Behind Astronomical Tables.Bernard R. Goldstein, Fuad I. Haddad & E. S. Kennedy - 1984 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (2):392.
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  50.  6
    The Determination of the Coordinates of Cities: Al-Bīrūnī's Taḥdīd Al-AmākinThe Determination of the Coordinates of Cities: Al-Biruni's Tahdid Al-Amakin.Bernard R. Goldstein & Jamil Ali - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):295.
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