65 found
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  1.  70
    Realism and Instrumentalism in Sixteenth Century Astronomy: A Reappraisal.Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1998 - Perspectives on Science 6 (3):232-258.
    : We question the claim, common since Duhem, that sixteenth century astronomy, and especially the Wittenberg interpretation of Copernicus, was instrumentalistic rather than realistic. We identify a previously unrecognized Wittenberg astronomer, Edo Hildericus (Hilderich von Varel), who presents a detailed exposition of Copernicus's cosmology that is incompatible with instrumentalism. Quotations from other sixteenth century astronomers show that knowledge of the real configuration of the heavens was unattainable practically, rather than in principle. Astronomy was limited to quia demonstrations, although demonstration propter (...)
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  2.  13
    Is Seventeenth Century Physics Indebted to the Stoics?Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1984 - Centaurus 27 (2):148-164.
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  3.  46
    Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  4.  15
    Distance and Velocity in Kepler's Astronomy.Peter Barker & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1994 - Annals of Science 51 (1):59-73.
    We will examine Kepler's use of a relation between velocity and distance from a centre of circular motion. This relation plays an essential role, through a derivation in chapter 40 of the Astronomia Nova, in the presentation of the Area Law of planetary motion. Kepler transcends ancient and contemporary applications of the distance-velocity relation by connecting it with his metaphysical commitment to the causal role of the Sun. His second main innovation is to replace the astronomical models of his predecessors (...)
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  5.  7
    The Arabic Version of Ptolemy's Planetary Hypotheses.G. J. Toomer & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (2):296.
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  6.  39
    Kepler's Move From Orbs to Orbits: Documenting a Revolutionary Scientific Concept.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] and models , by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. To demonstrate the claim that orbit is a revolutionary concept we pursue three (...)
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  7.  38
    From Proportion to Balance: The Background to Symmetry in Science.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):1-21.
    We call attention to the historical fact that the meaning of symmetry in antiquity—as it appears in Vitruvius’s De architectura—is entirely different from the modern concept. This leads us to the question, what is the evidence for the changes in the meaning of the term symmetry, and what were the different meanings attached to it? We show that the meaning of the term in an aesthetic sense gradually shifted in the context of architecture before the image of the balance was (...)
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  8.  7
    A New View of Early Greek Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan C. Bowen - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):330-340.
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  9.  35
    Kepler's Move From.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1):74-111.
    : This study of the concept of orbit is intended to throw light on the nature of revolutionary concepts in science. We observe that Kepler transformed theoretical astronomy that was understood in terms of orbs [Latin: orbes] (spherical shells to which the planets were attached) and models (called hypotheses at the time), by introducing a single term, orbit [Latin: orbita], that is, the path of a planet in space resulting from the action of physical causes expressed in laws of nature. (...)
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  10.  1
    Levi Ben Gerson's Theory of Planetary Distances.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1986 - Centaurus 29 (4):272-313.
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  11.  1
    How Einstein Made Asymmetry Disappear: Symmetry and Relativity in 1905.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 59 (5):437-544.
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  12.  4
    On the Theory of Trepidation.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1965 - Centaurus 10 (4):232-247.
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  13.  3
    Some Medieval Reports of Venus and Mercury Transits.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1969 - Centaurus 14 (1):49-59.
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  14.  46
    Astronomy and Astrology in the Works of Abraham ibn Ezra*: BERNARD R. GOLDSTEIN.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1996 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6 (2):9-21.
    Abraham ibn Ezra the Spaniard was one of the foremost transmitters of Arabic science to the West. His astrological and astronomical works, written in Hebrew and later translated into Latin, were considered authoritative by many medieval Jewish and Christian scholars. Some of the works he translated from Arabic are no longer extant in their original form, and on occasion his treatises provide information about earlier sources that is otherwise poorly preserved, if at all. Ibn Ezra seems to be the earliest (...)
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  15.  30
    Unpacking "For Reasons of Symmetry": Two Categories of Symmetry Arguments.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):419-439.
    Hermann Weyl succeeded in presenting a consistent overarching analysis that accounts for symmetry in material artifacts, natural phenomena, and physical theories. Weyl showed that group theory is the underlying mathematical structure for symmetry in all three domains. But in this study Weyl did not include appeals to symmetry arguments which, for example, Einstein expressed as “for reasons of symmetry”. An argument typically takes the form of a set of premises and rules of inference that lead to a conclusion. Symmetry may (...)
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  16. Levi Ben Gerson's Preliminary Lunar Model.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1974 - Centaurus 18 (4):275-288.
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  17.  4
    The Introduction of Dated Observations and Precise Measurement in Greek Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan C. Bowen - 1991 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 43 (2):93-132.
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  18.  11
    Maxwell’s Methodological Odyssey in Electromagnetism.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - unknown
    In addition to his scientific achievements, James Clerk Maxwell was an innovator in methodologies in physics. In fact, in his hands methodology and theory mutually inform one another, an aspect of his work that has not been properly appreciated. We examine closely from a methodological perspective Maxwell’s contributions to electromagnetism and uncover a trajectory of great interest, which we call Maxwell’s methodological odyssey. There are four principal stations along the fifteen-year trajectory of Maxwell’s published writings devoted to electromagnetism. These contributions (...)
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  19.  9
    Ibn al-Kamm'd's Star List.Bernard R. Goldstein & JOSÉ CHABÁS - 1996 - Centaurus 38 (4):317-334.
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  20.  55
    The Physical Astronomy of Levi Ben Gerson.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1997 - Perspectives on Science 5 (1):1-30.
    Levi ben Gerson was a medieval astronomer who responded in an unusual way to the Ptolemaic tradition. He significantly modified Ptolemy’s lunar and planetary theories, in part by appealing to physical reasoning. Moreover, he depended on his own observations, with instruments he invented, rather than on observations he found in literary sources. As a result of his close attention to the variation in apparent planetary sizes, a subject entirely absent from the Almagest, he discovered a new phenomenon of Mars and (...)
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  21. Displaced Tables in Latin: The Tables for the Seven Planets for 1340.Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabás - 2013 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 67 (1):1-42.
    The anonymous set of astronomical tables preserved in Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 10262, is the first set of displaced tables to be found in a medieval Latin text. These tables are a reworking of the standard Alfonsine tables and yield the same results. However, the mean motions are defined differently, the presentation of the tables is unprecedented, and some new functions are introduced for computing true planetary longitudes. The absence of any instructions as well as unusual technical (...)
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  22.  1
    An Anonymous Zij in Hebrew for 1400 A.D.: A Preliminary Report.Bernard R. Goldstein - 2003 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 57 (2):151-171.
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  23.  83
    What Keeps the Earth in Its Place? The Concept of Stability in Plato and Aristotle.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (4):305-323.
  24.  2
    The Hebrew Astronomical Tradition: New Sources.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1981 - Isis 72 (2):237-251.
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  25. Star Lists in Hebrew.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1985 - Centaurus 28 (3):185-208.
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  26.  73
    In Pursuit of Conceptual Change: The Case of Legendre and Symmetry.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (4):288-293.
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  27.  3
    Ibn Al-Kammād’s Muqtabis Zij and the Astronomical Tradition of Indian Origin in the Iberian Peninsula.Bernard R. Goldstein & José Chabás - 2015 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 69 (6):577-650.
    In this paper, we analyze the astronomical tables in al-Zīj al-Muqtabis by Ibn al-Kammād, based on the Latin and Hebrew versions of the lost Arabic original, each of which is extant in a unique manuscript. We present excerpts of many tables and pay careful attention to their structure and underlying parameters. The main focus, however, is on the impact al-Muqtabis had on the astronomy that developed in the Iberian Peninsula and the Maghrib and, more generally, on the transmission and diffusion (...)
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  28.  1
    Legendre’s Revolution : The Definition of Symmetry in Solid Geometry.Bernard R. Goldstein & Giora Hon - 2005 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 59 (2):107-155.
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  29.  4
    The Medieval Hebrew Tradition in Astronomy.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):145-148.
  30.  1
    Ptolemy, Bianchini, and Copernicus: Tables for Planetary Latitudes.José Chabás & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2004 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 58 (5):453-473.
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  31.  8
    On Early Hellenistic Astronomy: Timocharis and the First Callippic Calendar.Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan C. Bowen - 1989 - Centaurus 32 (3):272-293.
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  32.  28
    New Astronomy. Johannes Kepler, William H. Donahue. [REVIEW]Bernard R. Goldstein - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (1):161-162.
  33.  1
    Planetary Distances and Sizes in an Anonymous Arabic Treatise Preserved in Bodleian Ms. Marsh 621.Bernard R. Goldstein & Noel Swerdlow - 1971 - Centaurus 15 (2):135-170.
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  34.  61
    Book Review:The General History of Astronomy. Vol. 2: Planetary Astronomy From the Renaissance to the Rise of Astrophysics. Part A: Tycho Brahe to Newton Rene Taton, Curtis Wilson. [REVIEW]Bernard R. Goldstein - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):698-.
  35.  2
    Reflections on the Practice of Physics: James Clerk Maxwell’s Methodological Odyssey in Electromagnetism.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2020 - Routledge.
    This monograph examines James Clerk Maxwell's contributions to electromagnetism to gain insight into the practice of science by focusing on scientific methodology as applied by scientists. First and foremost, this study is concerned with practices that are reflected in scientific texts and the ways scientists frame their research. The book is therefore about means and not ends.
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  36.  39
    Science as a 'Neutral Zone' for Interreligious Cooperation.Bernard R. Goldstein - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (3):290-291.
  37.  23
    Islamic Geomancy and a Thirteenth-Century Divinatory Device. Emilie Savage-Smith, Marion B. Smith.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1981 - Isis 72 (3):514-515.
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  38.  31
    Symmetry and Asymmetry in Electrodynamics From Rowland to Einstein.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):635-660.
  39.  19
    The Determination of the Coordinates of Cities: Al-Bīrūnī's Taḥdīd Al-AmākinThe Determination of the Coordinates of Cities: Al-Biruni's Tahdid Al-Amakin.Bernard R. Goldstein & Jamil Ali - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):295.
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  40.  10
    Commentary 01 on Goldstein 1980.Bernard R. Goldstein - 2008 - Centaurus 50 (1-2):184-188.
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  41.  15
    ʿAlī Ibn Sulaymān Al-Hāshimī, the Book of the Reasons Behind Astronomical TablesAli Ibn Sulayman Al-Hashimi, the Book of the Reasons Behind Astronomical Tables.Bernard R. Goldstein, Fuad I. Haddad & E. S. Kennedy - 1984 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (2):392.
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  42.  14
    The Khaṇḍakhādyaka (An Astronomical Treatise) of Brahmagupta, with the Commentary of BhaṭṭotpalaThe Khandakhadyaka (An Astronomical Treatise) of Brahmagupta, with the Commentary of Bhattotpala.Bernard R. Goldstein & Bina Chatterjee - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):323.
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  43.  2
    Levi Ben Gerson's Lunar Model.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1972 - Centaurus 16 (4):257-284.
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  44.  13
    The Astronomical Tables of Al-Khwārizmī in a Nineteenth Century Egyptian TextThe Astronomical Tables of Al-Khwarizmi in a Nineteenth Century Egyptian Text.Bernard R. Goldstein & David Pingree - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (1):96.
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  45.  13
    The Astronomical Works of Thābit B. QurraThe Astronomical Works of Thabit B. Qurra.Bernard R. Goldstein, Francis J. Carmody, Thābit B. Qurra & Thabit B. Qurra - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):247.
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  46.  13
    Zur Kritik der Koordinatenüberlieferung im Sternkatalog des Almagest. Ibn as-Ṣalāḥ, Paul Kunitzsch.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1978 - Isis 69 (1):118-120.
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  47.  15
    Notes on Contributors. [REVIEW]Xiang Chen & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2005 - Perspectives on Science 13 (1).
  48.  10
    Probability and Statistical Inference in Ancient and Medieval Jewish Literature. Nachum L. Rabinovitch.Bernard R. Goldstein - 1975 - Isis 66 (3):414-415.
  49.  9
    Ibn Al-Muthannā's Commentary on the Astronomical Tables of Al-KhwārizmīIbn Al-Muthanna's Commentary on the Astronomical Tables of Al-Khwarizmi.E. S. Kennedy & Bernard R. Goldstein - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):297.
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  50.  12
    The Festivals of Israel and Judah and the Literary History of the Pentateuch.Bernard R. Goldstein & Alan Cooper - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1):19-31.
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