Results for 'Bernat Castany Prado'

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  1.  4
    Sublimidad y nihilismo en la cultura del Barroco.Bernat Castany Prado - 2012 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 37 (2).
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  2.  7
    La literatura y la tradición de los ejercicios espirituales.Bernat Castany Prado - 2017 - Revista de Filosofía 42 (2):261-274.
    This paper studies the role of literature and rethorics as a tool of philosophical practice within the classical tradition of «spiritual exercises». The aim of this study is to propose new ways of thinking the relations among philosophy and literature as formative or psicagogic disciplines, as well as for stand up for the role of philosophy and literature in our society.
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  3.  26
    Sublimidad y nihilismo en la cultura del Barroco.Bernat Castany Prado - 2012 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 37 (2):91-110.
    Este trabajo estudia el concepto de “lo sublime” en la cultura barroca, con el objetivo de demostrar que, aunque no fue teorizado sistemáticamente hasta el siglo XVIII, este cobró durante el siglo XVII una centralidad y, sobre todo, un significado filosófico semejantes a los que se impondrían posteriormente y que, según veremos, está estrechamente ligado con el concepto de “nihilismo”.
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  4.  3
    Trets i afinitats dels filòsofs catalans (Problemàtica de la discontínua i recomençada filosofia catalana).Bernat Castany Magraner - 1993 - Convivium: revista de filosofía 4:115.
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  5. Death: Merely Biological? James L. Bernat Replies.J. L. Bernat - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (1):5-5.
     
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  6.  92
    The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):35-43.
    “Brain death,” the determination of human death by showing the irreversible loss of all clinical functions of the brain, has become a worldwide practice. A biophilosophical account of brain death requires four sequential tasks: agreeing on the paradigm of death, a set of preconditions that frame the discussion; determining the definition of death by making explicit the consensual concept of death; determining the criterion of death that proves the definition has been fulfilled by being both necessary and sufficient for death; (...)
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  7.  56
    How the Distinction Between "Irreversible" and "Permanent" Illuminates Circulatory-Respiratory Death Determination.J. L. Bernat - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):242-255.
    The distinction between the "permanent" (will not reverse) and "irreversible" (cannot reverse) cessation of functions is critical to understand the meaning of a determination of death using circulatory–respiratory tests. Physicians determining death test only for the permanent cessation of circulation and respiration because they know that irreversible cessation follows rapidly and inevitably once circulation no longer will restore itself spontaneously and will not be restored medically. Although most statutes of death stipulate irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions, the accepted (...)
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  8.  35
    Whither Brain Death?James L. Bernat - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):3-8.
    The publicity surrounding the recent McMath and Muñoz cases has rekindled public interest in brain death: the familiar term for human death determination by showing the irreversible cessation of clinical brain functions. The concept of brain death was developed decades ago to permit withdrawal of therapy in hopeless cases and to permit organ donation. It has become widely established medical practice, and laws permit it in all U.S. jurisdictions. Brain death has a biophilosophical justification as a standard for determining human (...)
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  9.  36
    A Defense of the Whole‐Brain Concept of Death.James L. Bernat - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (2):14-23.
  10.  9
    The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):35-43.
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  11.  16
    On Noncongruence Between the Concept and Determination of Death.James L. Bernat - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (6):25-33.
  12. The Biophilosophical Basis of Whole-Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2002 - Soc Philos Policy 19 (2):324-42.
    Notwithstanding these wise pronouncements, my project here is to characterize the biological phenomenon of death of the higher animal species, such as vertebrates. My claim is that the formulation of “whole- brain death ” provides the most congruent map for our correct understanding of the concept of death. This essay builds upon the foundation my colleagues and I have laid since 1981 to characterize the concept of death and refine when this event occurs. Although our society's well-accepted program of multiple (...)
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  13.  56
    Chronic Disorders of Consciousness.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Lancet 367 (9517):1181-1192.
  14.  21
    Are Organ Donors After Cardiac Death Really Dead?James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (2):122.
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  15.  31
    How Much of the Brain Must Die in Brain Death?James L. Bernat - 1992 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (1):21.
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  16.  6
    A Conceptual Justification for Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S19-S21.
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  17.  24
    Medical Decision Making by Patients in the Locked-in Syndrome.James L. Bernat - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (2):229-238.
    The locked-in syndrome is a state of profound paralysis with preserved awareness of self and environment who typically results from a brain stem stroke. Although patients in LIS have great difficulty communicating, their consciousness, cognition, and language usually remain intact. Medical decision-making by LIS patients is compromised, not by cognitive impairment, but by severe communication impairment. Former systems of communication that permitted LIS patients to make only “yes” or “no” responses to questions was sufficient to validate their consent for simple (...)
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  18.  47
    Unconscious Perception: A Model-Based Approach to Method and Evidence.Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):846-867.
  19.  12
    The Biophilosophical Basis of Whole-Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):324-342.
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  20.  23
    Defining Death in Theory and Practice.James L. Bernat, Charles M. Culver & Bernard Gert - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (1):5-9.
  21.  3
    Aligning the Criterion and Tests for Brain Death.James L. Bernat & Anne L. Dalle Ave - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):635-641.
    :Disturbing cases continue to be published of patients declared brain dead who later were found to have a few intact brain functions. We address the reasons for the mismatch between the whole-brain criterion and brain death tests, and suggest solutions. Many of the cases result from diagnostic errors in brain death determination. Others probably result from a tiny amount of residual blood flow to the brain despite intracranial circulatory arrest. Strategies to lessen the mismatch include improving brain death determination training (...)
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  22. The Concept and Practice of Brain Death.James L. Bernat - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  23.  16
    The Debate Over Death Determination in DCD.James L. Bernat - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (3):3-3.
  24. Starting with Foucault: An Introduction to Genealogy.C. G. Prado - 2000 - Westview Press.
    Michel Foucault had a great influence upon a wide range of disciplines, and his work has been widely interpreted and is frequently referred to, but it is often difficult for beginners to find their way into the complexities of his thought. This is especially true for readers whose background is Anglo-American or "analytic" philosophy. C. G. Prado argues in this updated introduction that the time is overdue for Anglo-American philosophers to avail themselves of what Foucault offers. In this clear (...)
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  25.  5
    Declare Death or Attempt Experimental Resuscitation?James L. Bernat - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):17-19.
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  26.  20
    On Irreversibility as a Prerequisite for Brain Death Determination.James L. Bernat - 2004 - In C. Machado & D. E. Shewmon (eds.), Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 161--167.
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  27.  32
    The Role of the Board of Directors in Disseminating Relevant Information on Greenhouse Gases.Jose-Manuel Prado-Lorenzo & Isabel-Maria Garcia-Sanchez - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (3):391 - 424.
    In today's world, the corporate image of the largest companies is closely linked to their performance in the field of corporate social responsibility and the disclosure of information on that topic, specifically, on climate change. Since the Board of Directors is the body responsible for this process, the aim of this article is to show the role that companies' Boards of Directors play in the accountability process vis-à-vis stakeholders in relation to one specific aspect which has enormous significance in environmental (...)
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  28.  5
    Determining Death in Uncontrolled DCDD Organ Donors.James L. Bernat - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):30-33.
  29.  74
    Questions Remaining About the Minimally Conscious State.James L. Bernat - 2002 - Neurology 58 (3):337-338.
  30. La Sociedad Intercultural.Rafael Blasco Castany - 2010 - Contrastes: Revista Cultural 58:33-39.
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  31.  14
    Harmonizing Standards for Death Determination in DCDD.James L. Bernat - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):10-12.
  32.  14
    Dossier: la période intermédiaire de Wittgenstein-Sous la direction de João Vergílio Gallerani Cuter et Bento Prado Neto-Introduction: la période intermédiaire de Wittgenstein.João Vergílio Gallerani Cuter Et Bento Prado Neto - 2012 - Philosophiques 39 (1):3.
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  33. A House Divided: Comparing Analytic and Continental Philosophy.C. G. Prado (ed.) - 2003 - Humanity Books.
    For more than seven decades there has been a broad gap between how philosophy is conceived and practiced. Two ill-defined but well-recognized traditions have developed—the "analytic" and "Continental" schools of philosophy. The former traces its roots to philosophers like Frege, Russell, Moore, Wittgenstein, and the logical positivists. The latter has been heavily influenced by Nietzsche, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Foucault, and Derrida, among others. The aim of this collection is to reconsider the often facile characterization of major thinkers as belonging to either (...)
     
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  34.  23
    Collective Actors Without Collective Minds: An Inferentialist Approach.Javier González de Prado Salas & Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (1):3-25.
    We present an inferentialist account of collective rationality and intentionality, according to which beliefs and other intentional states are understood in terms of the normative statuses attributed to, and undertaken by, the participants of a discursive practice—namely, their discursive or practical commitments and entitlements. Although these statuses are instituted by the performances and attitudes of the agents, they are not identified with any physical or psychological entity, process or relation. Therefore, we argue that inferentialism allows us to talk of collective (...)
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  35.  7
    Deepening Understanding of Certification Adoption and Non-Adoption of International-Supplier Ethical Standards.Andrea M. Prado & Arch G. Woodside - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (1):105-125.
    This study presents a theory of causally complex configurations of antecedent conditions influencing the adoption versus non-adoption of international supplier ethical certification-standards. Using objective measures of antecedents and outcomes, a large-scale study of exporting firms in the cut-flower industry in two South American countries supports the theory. The theory includes the following and additional propositions. No single -antecedent condition is sufficient for accurately predicting a high membership score in outcome conditions; the outcome conditions include a firm’s adoption or rejection of (...)
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  36.  20
    Searle and Foucault on Truth.C. G. Prado - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book compares John Searle and Michel Foucault's radically opposed views on truth in order to demonstrate the need for invigorating cross-fertilization between the analytic and Continental philosophical traditions. By pressing beyond familiar clichés about analytic philosophy and postmodernism, a surprising convergence of Searle and Foucault's thought on truth emerge. The analytic impression of Foucault is of a radical relativist whose views on truth entail linguistic idealism. Searle himself has contributed to this impression through his aggressive critique of postmodern thinkers, (...)
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  37.  21
    Event-Related Brain Correlates of Associative Learning Without Awareness.Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - International Journal of Psychophysiology 53 (3):217-231.
  38.  8
    Defining Death: Which Way?James L. Bernat, Charles M. Culver, Bernard Gert, Alexander M. Capron & Joanne Lynn - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (2):43.
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  39.  42
    Defeasibility and Inferential Particularism.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):80-98.
    In this paper I argue that defeasible inferences are occasion-sensitive: the inferential connections of a given claim depend on features of the circumstances surrounding the occasion of inference. More specifically, it is an occasion-sensitive matter which possible defeaters have to be considered explicitly by the premises of an inference and which possible defeaters may remain unconsidered, without making the inference enthymematic. As a result, a largely unexplored form of occasion-sensitivity arises in inferentialist theories of content that appeal to defeasible inferences.
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  40.  14
    Brain Indices of Nonconscious Associative Learning.Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, S. Bunce & H. Shevrin - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):519-544.
    Using a classical conditioning technique, this study investigated whether nonconscious associative learning could be indexed by event-related brain activity . There were three phases. In a preconditioning baseline phase, pleasant and unpleasant facial schematics were presented in awareness . A conditioning phase followed, in which stimuli were presented outside awareness , with an unpleasant face linked to an aversive shock and a pleasant face not linked to a shock. The third, postconditioning phase, involved stimulus presentations in awareness . Evidence for (...)
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  41. Unconscious Perception at the Objective Detection Threshold Exists.Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin - 2004 - Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):888-895.
     
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  42.  11
    The Boundaries of the Persistent Vegetative State.James L. Bernat - 1992 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (3):176.
  43.  21
    Extreme Betting.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2019 - Ratio 32 (1):32-41.
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  44.  3
    Philosophy and Synthetic Biology: The BrisSynBio Experiment.Darian Meacham & Miguel Prado Casanova - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (1):21-25.
    This article provides an overview of the relation between synthetic biology and philosophy as understood from within the Ethics, Philosophy and Responsible Innovation programme of BrisSynBio (a BBSRC/EPSCR Synthetic Biology Research Centre). It also introduces the special issue of NanoEthics devoted to synthetic biology and philosophy.
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  45.  10
    The Organism as a Whole in an Analysis of Death.Andrew P. Huang & James L. Bernat - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (6):712-731.
    Although death statutes permitting physicians to declare brain death are relatively uniform throughout the United States, academic debate persists over the equivalency of human death and brain death. Alan Shewmon showed that the formerly accepted integration rationale was conceptually incomplete by showing that brain-dead patients demonstrated a degree of integration. We provide a more complete rationale for the equivalency of human death and brain death by defending a deeper understanding of the organism as a whole and by using a novel (...)
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  46.  17
    Brain Indices of Nonconscious Associative Learning.Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, S. . Bunce & Shevrin . - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):519-544.
    Using a classical conditioning technique, this study investigated whether nonconscious associative learning could be indexed by event-related brain activity . There were three phases. In a preconditioning baseline phase, pleasant and unpleasant facial schematics were presented in awareness . A conditioning phase followed, in which stimuli were presented outside awareness , with an unpleasant face linked to an aversive shock and a pleasant face not linked to a shock. The third, postconditioning phase, involved stimulus presentations in awareness . Evidence for (...)
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  47.  8
    Genetic Instability is Prevented by Mrc1‐Dependent Spatio‐Temporal Separation of Replicative and Repair Activities of Homologous Recombination.Félix Prado - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (5):451-462.
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  48.  46
    Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy.C. G. Prado - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):523 – 525.
    Book Information Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy. Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy Bernard Williams , Princeton : Princeton University Press , 2002 , 328 , US$27.95 ( cloth ) By Bernard Williams. Princeton University Press. Princeton. Pp. 328. US$27.95 (cloth:).
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  49.  65
    How Reaction Time Measures Elucidate the Matching Bias and the Way Negations Are Processed.Jérôme Prado & Ira A. Noveck - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (3):309 – 328.
    Matching bias refers to the non-normative performance that occurs when elements mentioned in a rule do not correspond with those in a test item. One aim of the present work is to capture matching bias via reaction times as participants carry out truth-table evaluation tasks. Experiment 1 requires participants to verify conditional rules, and Experiment 2 to falsify them as the paradigm employs four types of conditional sentences that systematically rotate negatives in the antecedent and consequent; and presents predominantly cases (...)
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  50. Correspondence, Construction, and Realism : The Case of Searle and Foucault.C. G. Prado - 2003 - In A House Divided: Comparing Analytic and Continental Philosophy. Humanity Books.
     
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