Results for 'Bernd Schäfer'

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  1.  2
    Psychoanalysis and the Marionette Theater: Interpretation Is Not Depreciation.Margret Schaefer - 1978 - Critical Inquiry 5 (1):177-188.
    At the end of his attack on my use of the psychoanalytic model for the interpretation of literature, Heller raises the question concerning what the task of the literary critic is or ought to be. His own "sketch of the Kleistean theme's historical ancestry and its later development," he says, seeks to deepen and enrich the reader's appreciation of Kleist's literary art, the artistry of his phrasing, the persuasiveness of his incidents, the conclusiveness of his examples." By implication he suggests (...)
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  2.  3
    Gott und die Frage nach dem Glück. Anthropologische und ethische Perspektiven.Disse Jörg & Goebel Bernd (eds.) - 2010 - Knecht.
    Alle Menschen wollen glücklich sein, das eigentliche Glück aber besteht darin, Gott zu haben, lautet ein Grundsatz der Anthropologie von Augustinus, der das abendländische Menschenbild wesentlich geprägt hat. Doch streben wirklich alle Menschen nach dem Glück als ihrem letzten Ziel? Und kann man die Frage nach dem Glück wirklich mit Gott in Verbindung bringen, Gott womöglich selbst mit dem ersehnten Glück identifizieren? Welche Rolle kommt Gott in einer Ethik des Glücks, welche Rolle in einer nicht am Glück orientierten Ethik zu? (...)
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  3.  2
    Illiberal Justice: John Rawls Vs. The American Political Tradition.David L. Schaefer - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    "Schaefer challenges John Rawls's practically sacrosanct status among scholars of political theory, law, and ethics by demonstrating how Rawls's teachings deviate from the core tradition of American constitutional liberalism toward ...
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  4.  50
    Assessing the Effectiveness of a Large Database of Emotion-Eliciting Films: A New Tool for Emotion Researchers.Alexandre Schaefer, Frédéric Nils, Xavier Sanchez & Pierre Philippot - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1153-1172.
  5.  70
    Autonomy and Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (2):123-136.
    Some have objected to human enhancement on the grounds that it violates the autonomy of the enhanced. These objections, however, overlook the interesting possibility that autonomy itself could be enhanced. How, exactly, to enhance autonomy is a difficult problem due to the numerous and diverse accounts of autonomy in the literature. Existing accounts of autonomy enhancement rely on narrow and controversial conceptions of autonomy. However, we identify one feature of autonomy common to many mainstream accounts: reasoning ability. Autonomy can then (...)
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  6.  33
    Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW]Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  7.  2
    Reducing Implicit Racial Preferences: I. A Comparative Investigation of 17 Interventions.Calvin K. Lai, Maddalena Marini, Steven A. Lehr, Carlo Cerruti, Jiyun-Elizabeth L. Shin, Jennifer A. Joy-Gaba, Arnold K. Ho, Bethany A. Teachman, Sean P. Wojcik, Spassena P. Koleva, Rebecca S. Frazier, Larisa Heiphetz, Eva E. Chen, Rhiannon N. Turner, Jonathan Haidt, Selin Kesebir, Carlee Beth Hawkins, Hillary S. Schaefer, Sandro Rubichi, Giuseppe Sartori, Christopher M. Dial, N. Sriram, Mahzarin R. Banaji & Brian A. Nosek - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1765-1785.
  8. Shareholders and Social Responsibility.Brian P. Schaefer - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):297-312.
    The article presents an analysis and critique of Milton Friedman’s argument that the social responsibility of business is merely to increase its profits. The analysis uncovers a central claim that Friedman implies, but does not explicitly defend, namely that the shareholders of a corporation have no duty to direct that corporation’s management to exercise social responsibility. An argument against this claim is then advanced by way of a convergence strategy, whereby multiple influential moral approaches are shown to align themselves against (...)
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  9. The Right to Withdraw From Research.G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):329-352.
    It is universally accepted that participants in biomedical research have the right to withdraw from participation at any time, except, perhaps, when withdrawal would constitute a threat to their health or the health of others. The right to withdraw is encoded in nearly every document on the requirements for ethical conduct of research on humans, including the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations governing all federally-funded research, the Common Rule (45 CFR 46); the Declaration of Helsinki (WMA 2008); the 2002 research (...)
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  10.  7
    Contributing to Discourse.Herbert H. Clark & Edward F. Schaefer - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (2):259-294.
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  11. A Guided Tour of Minimal Indices and Shortest Descriptions.Marcus Schaefer - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (8):521-548.
    The set of minimal indices of a Gödel numbering $\varphi$ is defined as ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi} = \{e: (\forall i < e)[\varphi_i \neq \varphi_e]\}$ . It has been known since 1972 that ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi} \equiv_{\mathrm{T}} \emptyset^{\prime \prime }$ , but beyond this ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ has remained mostly uninvestigated. This paper collects the scarce results on ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ from the literature and adds some new observations including that ${\rm MIN}_{\varphi}$ is autoreducible, but neither regressive nor (1,2)-computable. We also study several variants of (...)
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  12.  14
    Embodied Disbelief: Poststructural Feminist Atheism.Donovan O. Schaefer - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (2):371-387.
    “I quite rightly pass for an atheist,” Jacques Derrida announces in Circumfession. Grace Jantzen's suggestion that the poststructuralist critique of modernity can also be trained on atheism helps us make sense of this playfully cryptic statement: although Derrida sympathizes with the “idea” of atheism, he is wary of the modern brand of atheism, with its insistence on rationally arranging—straightening out—religion. In this paper, I will argue that poststructural feminism, with its focus on embodied epistemology, offers a way to re-explain Derrida's (...)
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  13.  4
    A Case of Right Alien Hand Syndrome Coexisting with Right-Sided Tactile Extinction.Michael Schaefer, Claudia Denke, Ivayla Apostolova, Hans-Jochen Heinze & Imke Galazky - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  14.  9
    Affect and Non-Uniform Characteristics of Predictive Processing in Musical Behaviour.Rebecca S. Schaefer, Katie Overy & Peter Nelson - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):226-227.
    The important roles of prediction and prior experience are well established in music research and fit well with Clark's concept of unified perception, cognition, and action arising from hierarchical, bidirectional predictive processing. However, in order to fully account for human musical intelligence, Clark needs to further consider the powerful and variable role of affect in relation to prediction error.
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  15.  34
    Why Adopt a Maximin Theory of Exploitation?Alan Wertheimer, Joseph Millum & G. Owen Schaefer - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):38-39.
  16.  5
    Ethical Investment of German Non-Profit Organizations - Conceptual Outline and Empirical Results.Henry Schaefer - 2004 - Business Ethics 13 (4):269-287.
  17. Procedural Versus Substantive Justice: Rawls and Nozick.David Lewis Schaefer - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):164-186.
    This paper critically assesses the “procedural” accounts of political justice set forth by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice (1971) and Robert Nozick in Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974). I argue that the areas of agreement between Rawls and Nozick are more significant than their disagreements. Even though Nozick offers trenchant criticisms of Rawls's argument for economic redistribution (the “difference principle”), Nozick's own economic libertarianism is undermined by his “principle of rectification,” which he offers as a possible ground in (...)
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  18.  7
    Plants on Red Alert: Do Insects Pay Attention?H. Martin Schaefer & Gregor Rolshausen - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (1):65-71.
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  19.  8
    Human Rights.Brian Schaefer - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (1):27-50.
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  20.  5
    Aggregation of polyQ‐Extended Proteins is Promoted by Interaction with Their Natural Coiled‐Coil Partners.Spyros Petrakis, Martin H. Schaefer, Erich E. Wanker & Miguel A. Andrade‐Navarro - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (6):503-507.
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  21.  2
    Dnmt2 Methyltransferases and Immunity: An Ancient Overlooked Connection Between Nucleotide Modification and Host Defense?Zeljko Durdevic & Matthias Schaefer - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (12):1044-1049.
  22.  67
    Reduction, Representation and Commensurability of Theories.Peter Schroeder-Heister & Frank Schaefer - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (1):130-157.
    Theories in the usual sense, as characterized by a language and a set of theorems in that language ("statement view"), are related to theories in the structuralist sense, in turn characterized by a set of potential models and a subset thereof as models ("non-statement view", J. Sneed, W. Stegmüller). It is shown that reductions of theories in the structuralist sense (that is, functions on structures) give rise to so-called "representations" of theories in the statement sense and vice versa, where representations (...)
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  23.  13
    Reevaluating the Right to Withdraw From Research Without Penalty.G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):14-16.
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  24.  29
    Making Sense of the Diversity of Ethical Decision Making in Business: An Illustration of the Indian Context.Taran Patel & Anja Schaefer - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):171-186.
    In this conceptual article, we look at the impact of culture on ethical decision making from a Douglasian Cultural Theory (CT) perspective. We aim to show how CT can be used to explain the diversity and dynamicity of ethical beliefs and behaviours found in every social system, be it a corporation, a nation or even an individual. We introduce CT in the context of ethical decision making and then use it to discuss examples of business ethics in the Indian business (...)
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  25.  14
    The Fault in Us: Ethics, Infinity, and Celestial Bodies.Donovan O. Schaefer - 2016 - Zygon 51 (3):783-796.
    Catherine Keller's Cloud of the Impossible knits together process theology and relational ontology with quantum mechanics. In quantum physics, she finds a new resource for undoing the architecture of classical metaphysics and its location of autonomous human subjects as the primary gears of ethical agency. Keller swarms theology with the quantum perspective, focusing in particular on the phenomenon of quantum entanglement, by which quantum particles are found to remain influential over each other long after they have been physically separated—what Albert (...)
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  26.  2
    Ethical Investment of German Non-Profit Organizations - Conceptual Outline and Empirical Results.Henry Schaefer - 2004 - Business Ethics: A European Review 13 (4):269-287.
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  27.  30
    Andrew Dickson White and the History of a Religious Future.Richard Schaefer - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):7-27.
    Andrew Dickson White played a pivotal role in constructing the image of a necessary, and even violent, confrontation between religion and science that persists to this day. Though scholars have long acknowledged that his position is more complex, given that White claimed to be saving religion from theology, there has been no attempt to explore what this means in light of his overwhelming attack on existing religions. This essay draws attention to how White's role as a historian was decisive in (...)
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  28.  17
    Procedural Moral Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer & Julian Savulescu - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-12.
    While philosophers are often concerned with the conditions for moral knowledge or justification, in practice something arguably less demanding is just as, if not more, important – reliably making correct moral judgments. Judges and juries should hand down fair sentences, government officials should decide on just laws, members of ethics committees should make sound recommendations, and so on. We want such agents, more often than not and as often as possible, to make the right decisions. The purpose of this paper (...)
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  29.  15
    Trade Associations and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From the UK Water and Film Industries.Anja Schaefer & Finola Kerrigan - 2008 - Business Ethics 17 (2):171–195.
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  30.  8
    Face to Face.Sonja Windhager, Dennis E. Slice, Katrin Schaefer, Elisabeth Oberzaucher, Truls Thorstensen & Karl Grammer - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (4):331-346.
    Over evolutionary time, humans have developed a selective sensitivity to features in the human face that convey information on sex, age, emotions, and intentions. This ability might not only be applied to our conspecifics nowadays, but also to other living objects (i.e., animals) and even to artificial structures, such as cars. To investigate this possibility, we asked people to report the characteristics, emotions, personality traits, and attitudes they attribute to car fronts, and we used geometric morphometrics (GM) and multivariate statistical (...)
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  31.  2
    Measuring Biology.Katrin Schaefer & Fred Bookstein - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (1):1-5.
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  32.  6
    Psychomorphospace—From Biology to Perception, and Back: Towards an Integrated Quantification of Facial Form Variation.Katrin Schaefer, Philipp Mitteroecker, Bernhard Fink & Fred L. Bookstein - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (1):98-106.
    Several disciplines share an interest in the evolutionary selection pressures that shaped human physical functioning and appearance, psyche, and behavior. The methodologies invoked from the disciplines studying these domains are often based on different rhetorics, and hence may conflict. Progress in one field is thereby hampered from effective transfer to others. Topics at the intersection of anthropometry and psychometry, such as the impact of sexual selection on the hominin face, are a typical example. Since the underlying theory explicitly places facial (...)
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  33.  7
    Bounded Immunity and Btt‐Reductions.Stephen Fenner & Marcus Schaefer - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (1):3-21.
    We define and study a new notion called k-immunity that lies between immunity and hyperimmunity in strength. Our interest in k-immunity is justified by the result that θ does not k-tt reduce to a k-immune set, which improves a previous result by Kobzev [7]. We apply the result to show that Φ′ does not btt-reduce to MIN, the set of minimal programs. Other applications include the set of Kolmogorov random strings, and retraceable and regressive sets. We also give a new (...)
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  34.  12
    Brandom’s Account of Reasoning: Nonmonotonic, But Does Not Allow Entitlement Recovery.Reiner Schaefer - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Research.
    In most everyday instances of reasoning, reasoners can gain, lose, and reacquire entitlement to (or justification for) a possible commitment (or belief) as a result of their consecutively acquiring new commitments. For example, we might initially conclude that ‘Tweety can fly’ from ‘Tweety is a bird,’ but later have to reject this conclusion as a result of our coming to learn that Tweety is a penguin. We could, even later, reacquire entitlement to ‘Tweety can fly’ if we became committed (and (...)
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  35.  28
    Professionalism: Foundation for Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Thomas E. Schaefer - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (4):269 - 277.
    Professionalism includes the essential contents of other key notions within the field of business ethics. As a term involving the notion of vocation it may be understood as containing a religious content, since vocation refers to a man's most intimate personal decisions, destiny and providence. Professionalism also connotes respect for law and so includes a reference to commercial law as a guide to right conduct. Professionalsim thus lifts the requirements of law to the level of personal commitment.Like an honest act, (...)
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  36.  13
    Hr's View of Ethics in the Work Place: Are the Barbarians at the Gate? [REVIEW]John Danley, Edward Harrick, Diane Schaefer, Donald Strickland & George Sullivan - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):273 - 285.
    Based on responses from 1078 human resource (HR) professionals, this study concludes that there is not an ethical crisis in the work place. Seven of 37 situations were rated as serious problems by more than 25% of the respondents. HR reported that their organizations are serious about uncovering and disciplining ethical misconduct, top management has a commitment to ethical business conduct, personal principles are not compromised to conform to company expectations, and performance pressures do not lead to unethical conduct.
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  37. Western Religious Approaches to Business Ethics.Stewart W. Herman & Arthur Gross Schaefer - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):1-156.
     
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  38. Trade Associations and Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From the UK Water and Film Industries.Anja Schaefer & Finola Kerrigan - 2008 - Business Ethics: A European Review 17 (2):171-195.
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  39.  56
    A Response to Ervin Laszlo: Quantum and Consciousness.Lothar Schaefer - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):573-582.
  40.  17
    The Promise of Affect: The Politics of the Event in Ahmed's The Promise of Happiness and Berlant's Cruel Optimism.Donovan Schaefer - forthcoming - Theory and Event 16 (2).
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  41.  19
    Scenarios of Robot-Assisted Play for Children with Cognitive and Physical Disabilities.Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Ester Ferrari, Gernot Kronreif, Barbara Prazak-Aram, Patrizia Marti, Iolanda Iacono, Gert Jan Gelderblom, Tanja Bernd & Francesca Caprino - 2012 - Interaction Studies 13 (2):189-234.
  42.  26
    Preface.Thomas Kenner & Jochen Schaefer - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
  43.  19
    Justice or Tyranny?: A Critique of John Rawls's a Theory of Justice.David Lewis Schaefer - 1979 - Kennikat Press.
  44.  50
    Sacramental Commons: Christian Ecological Ethics. By John Hart.Jame Schaefer - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):993-996.
  45.  57
    From the Dialogic to the Contemplative: A Conceptual and Empirical Rethinking of Online Communication Outcomes as Verbing Micro-Practices. [REVIEW]David J. Schaefer & Brenda Dervin - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):265-278.
    Traditional approaches to studying communication in public spheres draw upon a product or outcome orientation that has prevented researchers from theorizing more specifically about how communication behaviors either inhibit or facilitate dialogic processes. Additionally, researchers typically emphasize consensus as a preferred outcome. Drawing upon a methodology explicitly developed to study communicating using a verb-oriented framework, we analyzed 1,360 postings from online pedagogical discussions. Our analysis focused on verbing micro-practices, the dynamic communicative actions through which participants make and unmake public spheres. (...)
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  46.  16
    Insights & Perspectives.Nadine Kabbani, Jacob C. Nordman, Brian A. Corgiat, Daniel P. Veltri, Amarda Shehu, Victoria A. Seymour, David J. Adams, Zeljko Durdevic, Matthias Schaefer & Ron Milo - unknown - Bioessays 35:1025-1034.
  47.  22
    Introduction.Arthur Gross Schaefer - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):1-3.
    This introduction a) presents organized religion as a source of "spiritual goods" and briefly summarizes each of the seventeen tradition-centeredarticles; b) explains why organized religion merits the attention of business ethics; c) categorizes the articles according to rubrics useful for teaching and research; d) further explains the value of these essays to academic researchers, business practitioners, and spiritual seekers.
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  48.  16
    Politics and the Imagination.Richard Schaefer - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (4):524-525.
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  49.  13
    Direct Vs. Indirect Moral Enhancement.G. Owen Schaefer - 2015 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (3):261-289.
    Determining the nature of morality and promoting philosophical ideals of moral behavior have historically been of great concern amongst philosophers and society as a whole. These concerns have involved not only trying to determine what is good and right but also trying to determine how to ensure that people will in fact be good and do the right thing. While the former has received a great amount of philosophical attention, the latter has—until recently—been somewhat overlooked. The attention that has been (...)
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  50.  1
    Insurance Product Design and Its Effects: Trade-Offs Along the Managed Care Continuum.Peter Kemper, Ha T. Tu, James D. Reschovsky & Elizabeth Schaefer - 2002 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):101-117.
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