Results for 'Bernhard Baumgartner'

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  1.  76
    Characterizing Entropy in Statistical Physics and in Quantum Information Theory.Bernhard Baumgartner - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (10):1107-1123.
    A new axiomatic characterization with a minimum of conditions for entropy as a function on the set of states in quantum mechanics is presented. Traditionally unspoken assumptions are unveiled and replaced by proven consequences of the axioms. First the Boltzmann–Planck formula is derived. Building on this formula, using the Law of Large Numbers—a basic theorem of probability theory—the von Neumann formula is deduced. Axioms used in older theories on the foundations are now derived facts.
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  2. Die Philosophische Gottesfrage Am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts.Hans Michael Baumgartner, Hans Waldenfels, Bernhard Casper & Philosophie der Görres-Gesellschaft - 1999
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  3.  3
    Acoustic and Non-Acoustic Factors in Modeling Listener-Specific Performance of Sagittal-Plane Sound Localization.Piotr Majdak, Robert Baumgartner & Bernhard Laback - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  4.  8
    Ethnologie als Xenologie: Bernhard Waldenfels und die Wissenschaft vom kulturell Fremden.Bernhard Leistle - 2020 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 68 (1):101-120.
    This article explores the implications of Bernhard Waldenfels’s responsive phenomenology for the discipline of cultural anthropology or ethnology, insofar as it understands itself as the “science of the culturally Other”. It discusses Waldenfels’s own engagement with ethnology and shows the compatibility of his approach with discussions within the discipline. The intertwining of ownness and alienness that is central to Waldenfels’s account of experience is applied to the problem of culture in ethnology. This leads to an acknowledgement of a domain (...)
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  5.  1
    Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld: Collection of Philosophical Essays.Bernhard Irrgang - 2011 - Peter Lang.
    We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people's existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and (...)
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  6.  13
    Engel, Bernhard Carl. Schiller als Denker.Bernhard Carl Engel - 1908 - Kant Studien 13 (1-3).
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  7.  1
    Philosophie der Responsivität: Festschrift Für Bernhard Waldenfels.Bernhard Waldenfels, Kathrin Busch, Iris Därmann & Antje Kapust (eds.) - 2007 - Wilhelm Fink.
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  8.  3
    Schwerpunkt: Fremdheit – Ordnung – Antwort. Bernhard Waldenfels und die empirischen Wissenschaften.Bernhard Leistle - 2020 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 68 (1):72-78.
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  9. Leben Verantworten Festschrift Für Bernhard Schleissheimer Zum 65. Geburtstag.Bernhard Schleissheimer, Michael Miedaner, Matthias Rath & Hans-Ludwig Schmidt - 1987
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  10. Gegenwart Und Tradition, Strukturen des Denkens Eine Festschrift Für Bernhard Lakebrink Mit Beiträgen von Gerhart Baumann Èt Al. Cornelio Fabro, Herausgeber.Bernhard Lakebrink, Gerhart Baumann & Cornelio Fabro - 1969 - Rombach.
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  11. Sämtliche Werke. Hrsg. Von Bernhard Suphan.Johann Gottfried Herder & Bernhard Ludwig Suphan - 1967 - G. Olms.
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  12.  18
    Between Logic and the World: An Integrated Theory of Generics.Bernhard Nickel - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Bernhard Nickel presents a theory of generic sentences and the kind-directed modes of thought they express. The theory closely integrates compositional semantics with metaphysics to solve the problem that generics pose: what do generics mean? Generic sentences are extremely simple, yet if there are patterns to be discerned in terms of which are true and which are false, these patterns are subtle and complex. Ravens are black, and lions have manes: statistical measures cannot do justice to the facts, but (...)
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  13.  66
    Causal Slingshots.Michael Baumgartner - 2010 - Erkenntnis 72 (1):111-133.
    Causal slingshots are formal arguments advanced by proponents of an event ontology of token-level causation which, in the end, are intended to show two things: (i) The logical form of statements expressing causal dependencies on token level features a binary predicate ‘‘... causes ...’’ and (ii) that predicate takes events as arguments. Even though formalisms are only revealing with respect to the logical form of natural language statements, if the latter are shown to be adequately captured within a corresponding formalism, (...)
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  14. Grenzbestimmungen der Vernunft Philosophische Beiträge Zur Rationalitätsdebatte : Zum 60. Geburtstag von Hans Michael Baumgartner.Hans Michael Baumgartner, Karl-Otto Apel, Petra Kolmer & Harald Korten - 1994
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  15.  46
    The Problem of Validity Proofs.Michael Baumgartner & Timm Lampert - 2010 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 80 (1):79-109.
    In philosophical contexts, logical formalisms are often resorted to as a means to render the validity and invalidity of informal arguments formally transparent. Since Oliver and Massey , however, it has been recognized in the literature that identifying valid arguments is easier than identifying invalid ones. Still, any viable theory of adequate logical formalization should at least reliably identify valid arguments. This paper argues that accounts of logical formalization as developed by Blau and Brun do not meet that benchmark. The (...)
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  16.  34
    Baumgartner’s Isomorphism Problem for $$\aleph _2$$ ℵ 2 -Dense Suborders of $$\mathbb {R}$$ R.Justin Tatch Moore & Stevo Todorcevic - 2017 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 56 (7-8):1105-1114.
    In this paper we will analyze Baumgartner’s problem asking whether it is consistent that \ and every pair of \-dense subsets of \ are isomorphic as linear orders. The main result is the isolation of a combinatorial principle \\) which is immune to c.c.c. forcing and which in the presence of \ implies that two \-dense sets of reals can be forced to be isomorphic via a c.c.c. poset. Also, it will be shown that it is relatively consistent with (...)
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  17. Philosophical Egoism: Its Nature and Limitations: Hans Bernhard Schmid.Hans Bernhard Schmid - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):217-240.
    Egoism and altruism are unequal contenders in the explanation of human behaviour. While egoism tends to be viewed as natural and unproblematic, altruism has always been treated with suspicion, and it has often been argued that apparent cases of altruistic behaviour might really just be some special form of egoism. The reason for this is that egoism fits into our usual theoretical views of human behaviour in a way that altruism does not. This is true on the biological level, where (...)
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  18.  10
    Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. Pologne 6. Varsovie, Musée National 3. By Marie-Louise Bernhard. Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe. 1964. 48 plates. Pp. 22. [REVIEW]J. D. Beazley & Marie-Louise Bernhard - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:288-289.
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  19. Gegenwart Und Traditions; Strukturen des Denkens Eine Festschrift Für Bernhard Lakebrink.Cornelio Fabro, Gerhart Baumann & Bernhard Lakebrink - 1969 - Rombach.
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  20. Das leibliche Selbst. Vorlesungen zur Phänomenologie des Leibes.Bernhard Waldenfels - 2000 - Suhrkamp.
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  21.  1
    Imágenes entre eidos y pathos de Bernhard Waldenfels.Bernhard Waldenfels & Bernardo Ávalos - 2020 - Apuntes Filosóficos 29 (56):132-145.
    Había tiempos en los que como fenomenólogo uno era visto de forma muy crítica y también compasiva cuando le atribuía a imágenes y signos algo así como una presencia encarnada. Ahora nos encontramos más bien con un exceso de oferta de presencia, inmediatez, contacto y cercanía. Sin embargo, algo de esto parece ser una reversión con la que se intenta sobrecompensar deficiencias anteriores. También en la filosofía, de cuando en cuando, se da un afán excesivo, como se encuentra en los (...)
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  22.  82
    The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): A Framework for Perception and Action Planning.Bernhard Hommel, Jochen Müsseler, Gisa Aschersleben & Wolfgang Prinz - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):849-878.
    Traditional approaches to human information processing tend to deal with perception and action planning in isolation, so that an adequate account of the perception-action interface is still missing. On the perceptual side, the dominant cognitive view largely underestimates, and thus fails to account for, the impact of action-related processes on both the processing of perceptual information and on perceptual learning. On the action side, most approaches conceive of action planning as a mere continuation of stimulus processing, thus failing to account (...)
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  23. Hyperphänomene: Modi Hyperbolischer Erfahrung.Bernhard Waldenfels - 2012 - Suhrkamp.
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  24.  5
    The Question of the Other.Bernhard Waldenfels - 2007 - State University of New York Press.
    Introduces the phenomenology of the Other, taking into account the work of Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Levinas, Schutz, and Derrida, but mostly going back to things themselves.
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  25. Schattenrisse der Moral.Bernhard Waldenfels - 2006 - Suhrkamp.
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  26. Phänomenologie der Aufmerksamkeit.Bernhard Waldenfels - 2004 - Suhrkamp.
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  27. Generics and the Ways of Normality.Bernhard Nickel - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (6):629-648.
    I contrast two approaches to the interpretation of generics such as ‘ravens are black:’ majority-based views, on which they are about what is the case most of the time, and inquiry-based views, on which they are about a feature we focus on in inquiry. I argue that majority-based views face far more systematic counterexamples than has previously been supposed. They cannot account for generics about kinds with multiple characteristic properties, such as ‘elephants live in Africa and Asia.’ I then go (...)
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  28.  4
    Theophysis: Ernst Haeckels Philosophie des Naturganzen.Bernhard Kleeberg - 2005 - Böhlau.
    In den 1860er Jahren entwarf der Zoologe Ernst Haeckel die wissenschaftliche Weltanschauung des Monismus, die er in einer Vielzahl popularwissenschaftlicher Schriften mit grossem Erfolg verbreitete. Auf der Grundlage der Darwinschen Theorie rief er die Biologie zur neuen Leitwissenschaft aus und postulierte die Einheit von Natur und Kultur. Seither galt Haeckel vielen als der deutsche Darwin, der die Gottesebenbildlichkeit des Menschen sowie die Schopfungstheologie zu Grabe getragen und so dem modernen Weltbild zum Durchbruch verholfen habe. Infolgedessen wurden die naturtheologischen und pantheistischen (...)
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  29.  62
    Event Files: Feature Binding in and Across Perception and Action.Bernhard Hommel - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (11):494-500.
  30. Peter Baumgartner and Sabine Payr (Eds.), Speaking Minds: Interviews with Twenty Eminent Cognitive Scientists.I. S. N. Berkeley - 1996 - Minds and Machines 6:273-276.
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  31. Franz Brentano.Wilhelm Baumgartner - 2004 - In Arkadiusz Chrudzimski & Wolfgang Huemer (eds.), Phenomenology and Analysis: Essays on Central European Philosophy. Ontos.
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  32.  35
    The Impact of Moral Intensity on Decision Making in a Business Context.Bernhard F. Frey - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (3):181 - 195.
    The present paper reports the results of a vignette- and questionnaire-based research project investigating the influence of Moral Intensity (MI) on decision making in a New Zealand business context. The use of a relatively sensitive research design yielded results showing that – in contrast to previous research – objective manipulations, as well as subjective perceptions, of three of the six MI components were of particular importance in accounting for a comparatively large proportion of the variation in four outcome variables. There (...)
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  33. Constitutive Relevance, Mutual Manipulability, and Fat-Handedness.Michael Baumgartner & Alexander Gebharter - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):731-756.
    The first part of this paper argues that if Craver’s ([2007a], [2007b]) popular mutual manipulability account (MM) of mechanistic constitution is embedded within Woodward’s ([2003]) interventionist theory of causation--for which it is explicitly designed--it either undermines the mechanistic research paradigm by entailing that there do not exist relationships of constitutive relevance or it gives rise to the unwanted consequence that constitution is a form of causation. The second part shows how Woodward’s theory can be adapted in such a way that (...)
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  34. An Abductive Theory of Constitution.Michael Baumgartner & Lorenzo Casini - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (2):214-233.
    The first part of this paper finds Craver’s (2007) mutual manipulability theory (MM) of constitution inadequate, as it definitionally ties constitution to the feasibility of idealized experiments, which, however, are unrealizable in principle. As an alternative, the second part develops an abductive theory of constitution (NDC), which exploits the fact that phenomena and their constituents are unbreakably coupled via common causes. The best explanation for this common-cause coupling is the existence of an additional dependence relation, viz. constitution. Apart from adequately (...)
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  35.  9
    HM Baumgartner (Hrsg.): Zeitbegriffe und Zeiterfahrung.Irene Borges-Duarte - 1995 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 12:299.
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  36. Elusive Externalism.Bernhard Salow - 2019 - Mind 128 (510):397-427.
    Epistemologists have recently noted a tension between (i) denying access internalism, and (ii) maintaining that rational agents cannot be epistemically akratic, believing claims akin to ‘p, but I shouldn’t believe p’. I bring out the tension, and develop a new way to resolve it. The basic strategy is to say that access internalism is false, but that counterexamples to it are ‘elusive’ in a way that prevents rational agents from suspecting that they themselves are counterexamples to the internalist principles. I (...)
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  37. Kausalität und Motivation: Untersuchungen zum Verhältnis von Perspektivität und Objektivität in der Phänomenologie Edmund Husserls.Bernhard Rang - 1973 - M. Nijhoff.
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  38.  21
    To Push or Not to Push? Affective Influences on Moral Judgment Depend on Decision Frame.Bernhard Pastötter, Sabine Gleixner, Theresa Neuhauser & Karl-Heinz T. Bäuml - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):373-377.
  39. Deutsch-Französische Gedankengänge.Bernhard Waldenfels - 1995 - Suhrkamp.
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  40. How General Do Theories of Explanation Need To Be?Bernhard Nickel - 2010 - Noûs 44 (2):305-328.
    Theories of explanation seek to tell us what distinctively explanatory information is. The most ambitious ones, such as the DN-account, seek to tell us what an explanation is, tout court. Less ambitious ones, such as causal theories, restrict themselves to a particular domain of inquiry. The least ambitious theories constitute outright skepticism, holding that there is no reasonably unified phenomenon to give an account of. On these views, it is impossible to give any theories of explanation at all. I argue (...)
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  41.  16
    Towards a Unitary Approach to Human Action Control.Bernhard Hommel & Reinout W. Wiers - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (12):940-949.
  42. Ingeborg Baumgartner.Johann Gottfried Herder & German Romanticism - 1999 - In Tm Powers & P. Kamolnick (ed.), From Kant to Weber: Freedom and Culture in Classical German Social Theory.
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  43. Elisabeth Baumgartner, Wilhelm Baumgartner Et Al.(Hrsg.): Handbook Phenomenology and Cognitive Science. Dettelbach: Josef H. Roell, 1996, 392 Pp. [REVIEW]S. Rinofner-Kreidl - forthcoming - Grazer Philosophische Studien.
     
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  44.  13
    Pseudo‐Mechanistic Explanations in Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience.Bernhard Hommel - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (4):1294-1305.
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  45. The Externalist’s Guide to Fishing for Compliments.Bernhard Salow - 2018 - Mind 127 (507):691-728.
    Suppose you’d like to believe that p, whether or not it’s true. What can you do to help? A natural initial thought is that you could engage in Intentionally Biased Inquiry : you could look into whether p, but do so in a way that you expect to predominantly yield evidence in favour of p. This paper hopes to do two things. The first is to argue that this initial thought is mistaken: intentionally biased inquiry is impossible. The second is (...)
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  46. Rendering Interventionism and Non‐Reductive Physicalism Compatible.Michael Baumgartner - 2013 - Dialectica 67 (1):1-27.
    In recent years, the debate on the problem of causal exclusion has seen an ‘interventionist turn’. Numerous non-reductive physicalists (e.g. Shapiro and Sober 2007) have argued that Woodward's (2003) interventionist theory of causation provides a means to empirically establish the existence of non-reducible mental-to-physical causation. By contrast, Baumgartner (2010) has presented an interventionist exclusion argument showing that interventionism is in fact incompatible with non-reductive physicalism. In response, a number of revised versions of interventionism have been suggested that are compatible (...)
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  47. Ceteris Paribus Laws: Generics and Natural Kinds.Bernhard Nickel - 2010 - Philosophers' Imprint 10.
    Ceteris Paribus (cp-)laws may be said to hold only “other things equal,” signaling that their truth is compatible with a range of exceptions. This paper provides a new semantic account for some of the sentences used to state cp-laws. Its core approach is to relate these laws to natural language on the one hand — by arguing that cp-laws are most naturally expressed with generics — and to natural kinds on the other — by arguing that the semantics of generics (...)
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  48.  21
    From the Alien to the Other: Steps Toward a Phenomenological Theory of Spirit Possession.Bernhard Leistle - 2014 - Anthropology of Consciousness 25 (1):53-90.
    In this article, I apply a structural-phenomenological conception of experience and self to the anthropological theorizing of spirit possession. In particular, I argue that a phenomenology of the alien, as elaborated by the philosopher Bernhard Waldenfels, allows for a more differentiated understanding of possession phenomena. Following a characterization of alienness—in conceptual distinction from the more common term “otherness”—as a dimension that necessarily eludes experience, I describe spirit possession as a cultural technology to appropriate the experiential alien by transforming it (...)
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  49.  18
    The Impact of Gender Stereotypes on the Self-Concept of Female Students in STEM Subjects with an Under-Representation of Females.Ertl Bernhard, Luttenberger Silke & Paechter Manuela - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  50. Don’T Look Now.Bernhard Salow & Arif Ahmed - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (2):327-350.
    Good’s theorem is the apparent platitude that it is always rational to ‘look before you leap’: to gather information before making a decision when doing so is free. We argue that Good’s theorem is not platitudinous and may be false. And we argue that the correct advice is rather to ‘make your act depend on the answer to a question’. Looking before you leap is rational when, but only when, it is a way to do this.
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