Results for 'Bernward Gr��newald'

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  1. Stadt Und Film. Versuche Zu Einer 'Visuellen Soziologie' Herausgegeben von Matthias Horwitz, Bernward Joerges Und Jörg Potthast MIT Beiträgen von B. Joerges, D. Kress, A. Krämer, D. Naegler Und J. Potthast.Bernward Joerges - 1996 - In Bernward Joerges, Jörg Potthast & Mathias Horowitz (eds.), WZB Discussion Papers. WZB.
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  2.  54
    Hans Wagner: Kleinere Schriften I: Systematische Abhandlungen. Hrsg. v. Bernward Grünewald.Hans Wagner, Bernward Grünewald & Reinhold Breil - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):153-165.
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  3. Trum I Rom (Fig. 2)(Rüpke 2007a, 1). Men Begreber-Ne Græsk Og Romersk Religion Bliver Samtidig Brugt Til Generelt at Betegne Religionerne I de Områder, Som. [REVIEW]Græsk Romersk Religion - 2011 - In Ole Hã¸Iris & Birte Poulsen (eds.), Antikkens Verden. Aarhus Universitetsforlag.
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  4. Are Moral Philosophers Moral Experts?Bernward Gesang - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (4):153-159.
    In this paper I examine the question of whether ethicists are moral experts. I call people moral experts if their moral judgments are correct with high probability and for the right reasons. I defend three theses, while developing a version of the coherence theory of moral justification based on the differences between moral and nonmoral experience: The answer to the question of whether there are moral experts depends on the answer to the question of how to justify moral judgments. Deductivism (...)
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  5.  8
    The Transverse Science and Technology Culture: Dynamics and Roles of Research-Technology.Terry Shinn & Bernward Joerges - 2002 - Social Science Information 41 (2):207-251.
    Science and technology are composed of several regimes of production, each having its own research axis and mode of diffusion - the disciplinary regime, transitory regime, utilitarian regime, and transverse regime. This article discusses research-technology, an example of the transverse regime of cognitive and artefact production. Research-technologists stand between science and engineering, between academia and enterprise. They design and build a special category of instrumentation and they operate out of an interstitial arena that lies between the usual poles of interest (...)
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  6.  49
    Climate Change—Do I Make a Difference?Bernward Gesang - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (1):3-19.
    When an individual’s action is only one among a large number of similar actions and does not seem to make any difference to the bad collective outcome, can it nonetheless be condemned by act utilitarianism? This question has currently regained interest with papers, e.g., by Shelly Kagan, Julia Nefsky, and Felix Pinkert. Christopher Morgan-Knapp and Charles Goodman answer the question in the affirmative for miniscule emissions in the context of climate change. They use expected utility analysis as Kagan did in (...)
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  7.  86
    Technology in Everyday Life: Conceptual Queries.Bernward Joerges - 1988 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 18 (2):219–237.
    According to an editor of The Economist, the world produced, in the years since World War II, seven times more goods than throughout all history. This is well appreciated by lay people, but has hardly affected social scientists. They do not have the conceptual apparatus for understanding accelerated material-technical change and its meaning for people's personal lives, for their ways of relating to them-selves and to the outside world. Of course, a great deal of speculation about emerging life forms in (...)
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  8.  19
    „Enhancement“ zwischen Selbstbetrug und Selbstverwirklichung.Pd Dr Bernward Gesang - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (1):10-26.
    Ist es moralisch verantwortbar, Menschen mit technischen Eingriffen zu verbessern? Der Aufsatz versucht diese Frage zu beantworten, indem zwei Gefahren für Verbesserungswillige beleuchtet werden: der Verlust der Menschlichkeit und der unerwünschte Wandel der individuellen Persönlichkeit. Sodann wird ein „Liberalismus mit Auffangnetz“ als Lösung des Problems vorgestellt, die eine unterschiedliche Bewertung von reversiblen und irreversiblen Eingriffen vornimmt. Im letzten Schritt wird überprüft, wie weit diese Konzeption auch anwendbar ist, wenn Eltern ihre Kinder verbessern lassen wollen, also ein „informed consent“ nicht vorausgesetzt (...)
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  9. Evo-Devo as a Trading Zone.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2015 - In Alan Love (ed.), Conceptual Change in Biology: Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives on Evolution and Development. Springer Verlag, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
    Evo-Devo exhibits a plurality of scientific “cultures” of practice and theory. When are the cultures acting—individually or collectively—in ways that actually move research forward, empirically, theoretically, and ethically? When do they become imperialistic, in the sense of excluding and subordinating other cultures? This chapter identifies six cultures – three /styles/ (mathematical modeling, mechanism, and history) and three /paradigms/ (adaptationism, structuralism, and cladism). The key assumptions standing behind, under, or within each of these cultures are explored. Characterizing the internal structure of (...)
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  10.  5
    On The Decision Problem For Two-Variable First-Order Logic, By, Pages 53 -- 69.Erich Gr\"Adel, Phokion Kolaitis & Moshe Vardi - 1997 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 3 (1):53-69.
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  11.  67
    Kann man die Achtung der Menschenwürde als Prinzip der normativen Ethik retten?Bernward Gesang - 2010 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (4):474-497.
    In diesem Aufsatz werden die Interpretationen des Begriffs Menschenwürde vorgestellt, die in den aktuellen ethischen Debatten die am häufigsten diskutierten sind. Dabei handelt es sich um die traditionelle und die Kantische Theorie sowie um die Demütigungs- und die Achtungstheorie. Zudem werden zwei Ansätze präsentiert, die Menschenwürde über Relationen zu Menschenrechten erklären. Es soll ermittelt werden, ob einer der Kandidaten das Potenzial hat, einen begründbaren, gehaltvollen, präzisen und gegenüber dem Common-Sense Gebrauch nicht völlig revisionären Begriff der Menschenwürde zu liefern. Die hier (...)
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  12. Schede-Bernward Gesang (hrsg.), Kant vergessener Renzensent. Die Kritik der theoretischen und praktischen Philosophie Kants in fünf frühen Rezensionen von Hermann Andreas Pistorius. [REVIEW]Enrico Colombo - 2010 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 65 (1):199.
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  13. Bernward Gesang Julius Schlike (Hrsg.), Die groen Kontroversen der Rechtsphilosophie.Jaap Zwart & Femke Storm - 2012 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 41 (2).
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  14.  10
    When Maps Become the World.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2020 - University of Chicago Press.
    Map making and, ultimately, _map thinking_ is ubiquitous across literature, cosmology, mathematics, psychology, and genetics. We partition, summarize, organize, and clarify our world via spatialized representations. Our maps and, more generally, our representations seduce and persuade; they build and destroy. They are the ultimate record of empires and of our evolving comprehension of our world. This book is about the promises and perils of map thinking. Maps are purpose-driven abstractions, discarding detail to highlight only particular features of a territory. By (...)
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  15.  39
    Utilitarianism with a Human Face.Bernward Gesang - 2005 - Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (2):169-181.
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  16. The Genetic Reification of 'Race'? A Story of Two Mathematical Methods.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2014 - Critical Philosophy of Race 2 (2):204-223.
    Two families of mathematical methods lie at the heart of investigating the hierarchical structure of genetic variation in Homo sapiens: /diversity partitioning/, which assesses genetic variation within and among pre-determined groups, and /clustering analysis/, which simultaneously produces clusters and assigns individuals to these “unsupervised” cluster classifications. While mathematically consistent, these two methodologies are understood by many to ground diametrically opposed claims about the reality of human races. Moreover, modeling results are sensitive to assumptions such as preexisting theoretical commitments to certain (...)
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  17. The Structure of Scientific Theories.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Scientific inquiry has led to immense explanatory and technological successes, partly as a result of the pervasiveness of scientific theories. Relativity theory, evolutionary theory, and plate tectonics were, and continue to be, wildly successful families of theories within physics, biology, and geology. Other powerful theory clusters inhabit comparatively recent disciplines such as cognitive science, climate science, molecular biology, microeconomics, and Geographic Information Science (GIS). Effective scientific theories magnify understanding, help supply legitimate explanations, and assist in formulating predictions. Moving from their (...)
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  18. The Mind, the Lab, and the Field: Three Kinds of Populations in Scientific Practice.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther, Ryan Giordano, Michael D. Edge & Rasmus Nielsen - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 52:12-21.
    Scientists use models to understand the natural world, and it is important not to conflate model and nature. As an illustration, we distinguish three different kinds of populations in studies of ecology and evolution: theoretical, laboratory, and natural populations, exemplified by the work of R.A. Fisher, Thomas Park, and David Lack, respectively. Biologists are rightly concerned with all three types of populations. We examine the interplay between these different kinds of populations, and their pertinent models, in three examples: the notion (...)
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  19.  11
    P. Gr. Vindob. 29788C: Hexameter Encomium on an Un-Named Emperor.Ronald C. McCail - 1978 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 98:38-63.
  20.  15
    „Enhancement“ Zwischen Selbstbetrug Und Selbstverwirklichung.Bernward Gesang - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (1):10-26.
    ZusammenfassungIst es moralisch verantwortbar, Menschen mit technischen Eingriffen zu verbessern? Der Aufsatz versucht diese Frage zu beantworten, indem zwei Gefahren für Verbesserungswillige beleuchtet werden: der Verlust der Menschlichkeit und der unerwünschte Wandel der individuellen Persönlichkeit. Sodann wird ein „Liberalismus mit Auffangnetz“ als Lösung des Problems vorgestellt, die eine unterschiedliche Bewertung von reversiblen und irreversiblen Eingriffen vornimmt. Im letzten Schritt wird überprüft, wie weit diese Konzeption auch anwendbar ist, wenn Eltern ihre Kinder verbessern lassen wollen, also ein „informed consent“ nicht vorausgesetzt (...)
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  21. Part-Whole Science.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2011 - Synthese 178 (3):397-427.
    A scientific explanatory project, part-whole explanation, and a kind of science, part-whole science are premised on identifying, investigating, and using parts and wholes. In the biological sciences, mechanistic, structuralist, and historical explanations are part-whole explanations. Each expresses different norms, explananda, and aims. Each is associated with a distinct partitioning frame for abstracting kinds of parts. These three explanatory projects can be complemented in order to provide an integrative vision of the whole system, as is shown for a detailed case study: (...)
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  22. Parts and Theories in Compositional Biology.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):471-499.
    I analyze the importance of parts in the style of biological theorizing that I call compositional biology. I do this by investigating various aspects, including partitioning frames and explanatory accounts, of the theoretical perspectives that fall under and are guided by compositional biology. I ground this general examination in a comparative analysis of three different disciplines with their associated compositional theoretical perspectives: comparative morphology, functional morphology, and developmental biology. I glean data for this analysis from canonical textbooks and defend the (...)
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  23.  17
    Zum Tode von Hans Wagner am 1. Februar 2000.Bernward Grünewald - 2001 - Kant-Studien 92 (1):1-2.
    Hans Wagner, einer der profiliertesten Erneuerer einer Transzendentalphilosophie im Geiste Immanuel Kants, ist am 1. Februar nach längerer schwerer Krankheit in Bonn gestorben.
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  24.  8
    Saint Bernward of Hildesheim. Francis J. Tschan.Arthur Burkhard - 1955 - Speculum 30 (3):497-499.
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  25. Character Analysis in Cladistics: Abstraction, Reification, and the Search for Objectivity.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2009 - Acta Biotheoretica 57 (1-2):129-162.
    The dangers of character reification for cladistic inference are explored. The identification and analysis of characters always involves theory-laden abstraction—there is no theory-free “view from nowhere.” Given theory-ladenness, and given a real world with actual objects and processes, how can we separate robustly real biological characters from uncritically reified characters? One way to avoid reification is through the employment of objectivity criteria that give us good methods for identifying robust primary homology statements. I identify six such criteria and explore each (...)
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  26.  5
    A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology.A. GrÜ & Nbaum - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):1-43.
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  27. Varieties of Modules: Kinds, Levels, Origins, and Behaviors.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Zoology 291:116-129.
    This article began as a review of a conference, organized by Gerhard Schlosser, entitled “Modularity in Development and Evolution.” The conference was held at, and sponsored by, the Hanse Wissenschaftskolleg in Delmenhorst, Germany in May, 2000. The article subsequently metamorphosed into a literature and concept review as well as an analysis of the differences in current perspectives on modularity. Consequently, I refer to general aspects of the conference but do not review particular presentations. I divide modules into three kinds: structural, (...)
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  28. Darwin on Variation and Heredity.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):425-455.
    Darwin's ideas on variation, heredity, and development differ significantly from twentieth-century views. First, Darwin held that environmental changes, acting either on the reproductive organs or the body, were necessary to generate variation. Second, heredity was a developmental, not a transmissional, process; variation was a change in the developmental process of change. An analysis of Darwin's elaboration and modification of these two positions from his early notebooks (1836-1844) to the last edition of the /Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication/ (1875) (...)
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  29. Ontologies and Politics of Biogenomic 'Race'.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther & Jonathan Michael Kaplan - 2013 - Theoria. A Journal of Social and Political Theory (South Africa) 60 (3):54-80.
    All eyes are turned towards genomic data and models as the source of knowledge about whether human races exist or not. Will genomic science make the final decision about whether racial realism (e.g., racial population naturalism) or anti-realism (e.g., racial skepticism) is correct? We think not. We believe that the results of even our best and most impressive genomic technologies underdetermine whether bio-genomic races exist, or not. First, different sub-disciplines of biology interested in population structure employ distinct concepts, aims, measures, (...)
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  30.  3
    The Poverty of Theistic Cosmology.Adolf GrÜ & Nbaum - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):561-614.
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  31. August Weismann on Germ-Plasm Variation.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (3):517-555.
    August Weismann is famous for having argued against the inheritance of acquired characters. However, an analysis of his work indicates that Weismann always held that changes in external conditions, acting during development, were the necessary causes of variation in the hereditary material. For much of his career he held that acquired germ-plasm variation was inherited. An irony, which is in tension with much of the standard twentieth-century history of biology, thus exists – Weismann was not a Weismannian. I distinguish three (...)
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  32.  11
    Welche Klimapolitik lässt sich moralisch rechtfertigen?Bernward Gesang - 2012 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 16 (1):141-158.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 16 Heft: 1 Seiten: 141-158.
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  33. Interweaving Categories: Styles, Paradigms, and Models.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):628-639.
    Analytical categories of scientific cultures have typically been used both exclusively and universally. For instance, when styles of scientific research are employed in attempts to understand and narrate science, styles alone are usually employed. This article is a thought experiment in interweaving categories. What would happen if rather than employ a single category, we instead investigated several categories simultaneously? What would we learn about the practices and theories, the agents and materials, and the political-technological impact of science if we analyzed (...)
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  34.  50
    Aktive Und Passive Sterbehilfe – Zur Rehabilitation Einer Stark Kritisierten Deskriptiven UnterscheidungActive and Passive Euthanasia – The Rehabilitation of an Often Criticized Descriptive Difference.Bernward Gesang - 2001 - Ethik in der Medizin 13 (3):161-175.
    Definition of the problem: In order to discuss the normative aspects of euthanasia one has to clarify what is meant by active and passive euthanasia. Arguments and conclusion: Many theoreticians deny the possibility of distinguishing between the two by purely descriptive means, e.g. on the basis of theories of action or the differences between acting and omitting. On the contrary, such a purely descriptive distinction will be defended in this paper by summarizing and refining the theory of Dieter Birnbacher, which (...)
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  35.  11
    G. E. Schulzes »Aenesidemus«: das Buch das Kant für Fichte »verdächtig« machte.Bernward Gesang - 2009 - Fichte-Studien 33:17-30.
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  36. Schaffner’s Model of Theory Reduction: Critique and Reconstruction.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (2):119-142.
    Schaffner’s model of theory reduction has played an important role in philosophy of science and philosophy of biology. Here, the model is found to be problematic because of an internal tension. Indeed, standard antireductionist external criticisms concerning reduction functions and laws in biology do not provide a full picture of the limits of Schaffner’s model. However, despite the internal tension, his model usefully highlights the importance of regulative ideals associated with the search for derivational, and embedding, deductive relations among mathematical (...)
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  37.  16
    Artistisches Fichtisieren: Zur Höheren Wissenschaftslehre bei Novalis.Bernward Loheide - 2002 - Fichte-Studien 19:109-123.
    In vielen Darstellungen von Leben und Werk des Novalis ist zu lesen, daß sich der romantische Dichter nach dem frühen Tode seiner Braut im März 1797 von der Philosophie Fichtes verabschiedet habe. Der Durchbruch zur romantischen Poesie sei zugleich ein radikaler Bruch mit der Transzendentalphilosophie. Tatsächlich aber belegt die historisch-kritische Ausgabe vielfach die bleibende Bedeutung Fichtes für Novalis. Exemplarisch lässt sich dies an den »Vorarbeiten zu verschiedenen Fragmentsammlungen« von 1798 zeigen. Diese Fragmente, Fragmentskizzen und Abhandlungen zu Themen vor allem der (...)
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  38.  14
    Novalis zur Einführung.Bernward Loheide - 1998 - Fichte-Studien 14:255-262.
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  39.  5
    Bernward Grünewald: Geist – Kultur – Gesellschaft. Versuch einer Prinzipientheorie der Geisteswissenschaften auf transzendentalphilosophischer Grundlage.Rebecca Paimann - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (4):289.
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  40.  12
    Bernward Grünewald: Geist – Kultur – Gesellschaft. Versuch einer Prinzipientheorie der Geisteswissenschaften auf transzendentalphilosophischer Grundlage.Rebecca Paimann - 2011 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 64 (3):289-296.
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  41. Bernward Grünewald Eine Wissenschaft von der denkenden Natur? Überlegungen zur Revision eines Kantischen Vorbehalts.Eine Wissenschaft von der Denkenden Natur - 2002 - In Helmut Linneweber-Lammerskitten & Georg Mohr (eds.), Interpretation Und Argument. Koenigshausen & Neumann.
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  42. According to the Pattern by Katherine Burton, And: Mission for Samaritans by Anna Dengel.Bernward Willeke - 1947 - Franciscan Studies 7 (1):101-103.
  43.  8
    China a Model for Europe by Lewis A. Maverick.Bernward H. Willeke - 1947 - Franciscan Studies 7 (2):251-252.
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  44.  7
    Documents Relating to the History of the Franciscan Missions in Shantung, China.Bernward H. Willeke - 1947 - Franciscan Studies 7 (2):171-187.
  45.  11
    Historia de Las Cosas Más Notables, Ritos y Costumbres Del Gran Reino de la China by P. Juan González de Mendoza.Bernward H. Willeke - 1948 - Franciscan Studies 8 (2):213-214.
  46.  20
    Ethics Lead the Way Despite Organizational Politics.Ufuk Başar, Ünsal Sığrı & H. Nejat Basım - 2018 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1):81-101.
    The aim of this study was to find out whether ethical leadership has an impact on employees’ organizational identification and the perceptions of organizational politics moderate this process. To this end, to ensure triangulation on findings, two separate researches were made. First, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on 137 employees who worked at the head office of a private bank in Istanbul using self-report questionnaires. Second, 2 years later, a time-lagged survey was conducted on 119 employees who worked at the (...)
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  47. Fisherian and Wrightian Perspectives in Evolutionary Genetics and Model-Mediated Imposition of Theoretical Assumptions.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2006 - Journal of Theoretical Biology 240:218-232.
    I investigate how theoretical assumptions, pertinent to different perspectives and operative during the modeling process, are central in determining how nature is actually taken to be. I explore two different models by Michael Turelli and Steve Frank of the evolution of parasite-mediated cytoplasmic incompatility, guided, respectively, by Fisherian and Wrightian perspectives. Since the two models can be shown to be commensurable both with respect to mathematics and data, I argue that the differences between them in the (1) mathematical presentation of (...)
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  48. On the Dangers of Making Scientific Models Ontologically Independent: Taking Richard Levins' Warnings Seriously.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):703-724.
    Levins and Lewontin have contributed significantly to our philosophical understanding of the structures, processes, and purposes of biological mathematical theorizing and modeling. Here I explore their separate and joint pleas to avoid making abstract and ideal scientific models ontologically independent by confusing or conflating our scientific models and the world. I differentiate two views of theorizing and modeling, orthodox and dialectical, in order to examine Levins and Lewontin’s, among others, advocacy of the latter view. I compare the positions of these (...)
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  49. Mapping Kinds in GIS and Cartography.Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther - forthcoming - In Catherine Kendig (ed.), Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice. Routledge. pp. 197-216.
    Geographic Information Science (GIS) is an interdisciplinary science aiming to detect and visually represent patterns in spatial data. GIS is used by businesses to determine where to open new stores and by conservation biologists to identify field study locations with relatively little anthropogenic influence. Products of GIS include topographic and thematic maps of the Earth’s surface, climate maps, and spatially referenced demographic graphs and charts. In addition to its social, political, and economic importance, GIS is of intrinsic philosophical interest due (...)
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  50.  17
    Active and Passive Euthanasia-the Rehabilitation of an Often Criticized Descriptive Difference.Bernward Gesang - 2001 - Ethik in der Medizin 13 (3):161-175.
    Zusammenfassung. Um die normative Frage nach der Zulässigkeit von aktiver und passiver Sterbehilfe diskutieren zu können, muss man zuerst klären, worin genau aktive und passive Sterbehilfe bestehen. Dass man hier eine nicht moralisch motivierte Unterscheidung auf der Basis eines handlungstheoretischen Unterschieds von Tun und Unterlassen treffen kann, wird vielfach bezweifelt. In diesem Aufsatz soll eine solche rein deskriptive Unterscheidbarkeit verteidigt werden. Dazu wird die von Dieter Birnbacher in seinem Buch „Tun und Unterlassen” entwickelte Theorie vorgestellt und verfeinert, was in einer (...)
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