Results for 'Bertil Str��mberg'

247 found
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  1.  85
    The Value of Equality.Bertil Tungodden - 2003 - Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):1-44.
    Over the years, egalitarian philosophers have made some challenging claims about the nature of egalitarianism. They have argued that egalitarian reasoning should make us reject the Pareto principle; that the Rawlsian leximin principle is not an egalitarian idea; that the Pigou–Dalton principle needs modification; that the intersection approach faces deep problems; that the numbers should not count within an egalitarian framework, and that egalitarianism should make us reject the property of transitivity in normative reasoning. In this paper, taking the recent (...)
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  2.  62
    A Theory of Vagueness.Bertil Rolf - 1980 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 9 (3):315 - 325.
  3.  10
    Performance Monitoring Applied to System Supervision.Bertille Somon, Aurélie Campagne, Arnaud Delorme & Bruno Berberian - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  4.  44
    Egalitarianism: Is Leximin the Only Option?Bertil Tungodden - 2000 - Economics and Philosophy 16 (2):229-245.
    The most influential egalitarian perspective is undoubtedly Rawls's (1971, 1993), which assigns absolute priority to the least advantaged in society (the difference principle). However, many have claimed that even though an egalitarian perspective should imply some priority to the worst off, the Rawlsian perspective is too demanding. One response to this criticism is to argue in favour of an egalitarian perspective that never assigns absolute priority to the worse off, but which still includes limited priority to those members of society (...)
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  5. What If I Were in His Shoes? On Hare's Argument for Preference Utilitarianism.Wlodek Rabinowicz & Bertil Strömberg - 1996 - Theoria 62 (1-2):95-123.
    This paper discusses the argument for preference utilitarianism proposed by Richard Hare in Moral Thinking(Hare, 1981). G. F. Schueler (1984) and Ingmar Persson (1989) identified a serious gap in Hare’s reasoning, which might be called the No-Conflict Problem. The paper first tries to fill the gap. Then, however, starting with an idea of Zeno Vendler, the question is raised whether the gap is there to begin with. Unfortunately, this Vendlerian move does not save Hare from criticism. Paradoxically, it instead endangers (...)
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  6. On the Possibility of Nonaggregative Priority for the Worst Off.Marc Fleurbaey, Bertil Tungodden & Peter Vallentyne - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):258-285.
    We shall focus on moral theories that are solely concerned with promoting the benefits (e.g., wellbeing) of individuals and explore the possibility of such theories ascribing some priority to benefits to those who are worse off—without this priority being absolute. Utilitarianism (which evaluates alternatives on the basis of total or average benefits) ascribes no priority to the worse off, and leximin (which evaluates alternatives by giving lexical priority to the worst off, and then the second worst off, and so on) (...)
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  7.  71
    Berkeley's Theory of Emotive Meaning (1708).Bertil Belfrage - 1986 - Hisory of European Ideas 7 (6):643-649.
  8. The Incompatibility of Str and the Tensed Theory of Time.Quentin Smith - unknown
    presentness is a relational property, then this theory is compatible with STR but inconsistent with the tensed theory of time (the theory of objective time flow). But if presentness is a monadic property, the..
     
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  9.  66
    Sorites.Bertil Rolf - 1984 - Synthese 58 (2):219 - 250.
  10.  20
    Berkeley.Bertil Belfrage - 1988 - International Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):117-117.
  11. George Berkeley’s Manuscript Introduction.Bertil Belfrage - 1987 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (2):261-263.
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  12. QM and STR: The Combining of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory.Storrs McCall - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):548.
    Combining quantum mechanics with special relativity requires (i) that a spacetime representation of quantum states be found; (ii) that such states, represented as extended along equal-time hyperplanes, be invariant when transformed from one frame to another; and (iii) that collapses of states be instantaneous in every frame. These requirements are met using branching spacetime, in which probabilities of outcomes are represented by the numerical proportions of branches on which the outcomes occur. Quantum states of systems are then identified with the (...)
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  13.  72
    Relocating the Responsibility Cut: Should More Responsibility Imply Less Redistribution?Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2006 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (3):353-362.
    Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration and Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway, bertil.tungodden{at}nhh.no ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Liberal egalitarian theories of justice argue that inequalities arising from non-responsibility factors should be eliminated, but that inequalities arising from responsibility factors should be accepted. This article discusses how the fairness argument for redistribution within a liberal egalitarian framework is affected by a relocation of the cut between responsibility and non-responsibility factors. The article also discusses the (...)
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  14. Minority Government and Majority Rule.Kaare Strøm - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    Minority governments in parliamentary democracies are conventionally considered to be unstable and ineffective aberrations from the principle of majority rule. Through analysis of over 350 postwar governments, the author shows that minority governments are neither exceptional nor unstable but in fact a common feature of parliamentary democracies and frequently perform as well as, or better than, majority coalitions. Using the Italian and Norwegian governments as case studies, he suggests that minority governments are particularly likely to form when parties anticipate competitive (...)
     
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  15.  45
    A Paradigm Shift in George Berkeley's Philosophy 1707-1709.Bertil Belfrage - 2010 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 135 (1):71 - 82.
    In this paper, I argue that there is a paradigm shift in George Berkeley's philosophy between his early, unpublished manuscripts (1707-1708) and the Theory of Vision (1709). If so, the traditional method of mixing published and unpublished material will lead to a confused picture of both his early, unpublished view and the doctrine that he published. Cet article montre qu'il y a eu un changement de paradigme dans la philosophie de Berkeley entre ses premiers manuscrits, non publiés, de 1707-1708 et (...)
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  16. Who Are the Least Advantaged?Peter Vallentyne & Bertil Tungodden - 2006 - In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Oxford University Press. pp. 174--95.
    The difference principle, introduced by Rawls (1971, 1993), is generally interpreted as leximin, but this is not how he intended it. Rawls explicitly states that the difference principle requires that aggregate benefits (e.g., average or total) to those in the least advantaged group be given lexical priority over benefits to others, where the least advantaged group includes more than the strictly worst off individuals. We study the implications of adopting different approaches to the definition of the least advantaged group and (...)
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  17.  13
    Parity: (Im) Possible? Interplay of Knowledge Forms in Patient Education.Anita Strøm, Tone Kvernbekk & May S. Fagermoen - 2011 - Nursing Inquiry 18 (2):94-101.
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  18.  24
    The Clash on Semantics in Berkeley's Notebook A.Bertil Belfrage - 1985 - Hermathena 139:117-126.
  19.  6
    4 Personal Epistemology in Higher Education.Helge I. Strømsø & Ivar Bråten - 2011 - In Jo Brownlee, Gregory J. Schraw & Donna Berthelsen (eds.), Personal Epistemology and Teacher Education. Routledge. pp. 61--54.
  20.  55
    Development of Berkeley's Early Theory of Meaning.Bertil Belfrage - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 176 (3):319-330.
  21.  27
    Bertil Axelson Bertil Axelson: Kleine Schriften zur lateinischen Philologie, herausgegeben von Alf Önnerfors und Claes Schaar. (Acta Regiae Societatis Humaniorum Litterarum Lundensis, 78.) Pp. 330; portrait frontispiece. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1987. Paper. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (02):369-370.
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  22.  3
    Out-of-the-Loop Pilots: Study of an Applied Phenomenon Through Performance-Monitoring Eeg Measures.Bertille Somon, Aurélie Campagne, Arnaud Delorme & Bruno Berberian - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  23.  2
    Making our “meta-hypotheses” clear: heterogeneity and the role of direct replications in science.Eirik Strømland - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (2):1-19.
    This paper argues that some of the discussion around meta-scientific issues can be viewed as an argument over different “meta-hypotheses” – assumptions made about how different hypotheses in a scientific literature relate to each other. I argue that, currently, such meta-hypotheses are typically left unstated except in methodological papers and that the consequence of this practice is that it is hard to determine what can be learned from a direct replication study. I argue in favor of a procedure dubbed the (...)
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  24. Liberal Resourcism: Problems and Possibilities.Peter Vallentyne & Bertil Tungodden - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (4):348-369.
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  25.  58
    A Liberal Egalitarian Paradox.Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):393-408.
    A liberal egalitarian theory of justice seeks to combine the values of equality, personal freedom, and personal responsibility. It is considered a much more promising position than strict egalitarianism, because it supposedly provides a fairness argument for inequalities reflecting differences in choice. However, we show that it is inherently difficult to fulfill this ambition. We present a liberal egalitarian paradox which shows that there does not exist any robust reward system that satisfies a minimal egalitarian and a minimal liberal requirement. (...)
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  26.  72
    Reward and Responsibility: How Should We Be Affected When Others Change Their Effort?Alexander W. Cappelen & Bertil Tungodden - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):191-211.
    University of Oslo and Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Norway We look at how one should reward effort without rewarding talent. One way to approach this issue is to ask how an increase in one individual's effort should be allowed to affect the post-tax income of others. The article provides characterizations of three main classes of redistribution mechanism on the basis of how these answer this question. Key Words: reward • effort • responsibility • equal opportunity • distributive (...)
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  27. Bernard Bosanquet's Philosophy of the State.Bertil Pfannenstill - 1936 - Lund, Printed by Hȧkan Ohlsson.
     
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  28.  13
    The Order and Dating of Berkeley's Notebooks.Belfrage Bertil - 1985 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 154 (3):196-214.
  29.  14
    Are We Moving Beyond Voluntary CSR? Exploring Theoretical and Managerial Implications of Mandatory CSR Resulting From the New Indian Companies Act.Lucia Gatti, Babitha Vishwanath, Peter Seele & Bertil Cottier - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 160 (4):961-972.
    Although the literature on corporate social responsibility has discussed the scope and meaning of CSR extensively, confusion still exists regarding how to define the concept. One controversial issue deals with the changing legal status of CSR. Based on a review of CSR definitions and meta-studies on CSR definitions, we find that the majority of definitions leans toward voluntary CSR. However, some recent regulatory amendments toward mandatory CSR have called into question the established idea of CSR as merely a managerial tool (...)
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  30.  78
    Fairness Motivation in Bargaining: A Matter of Principle. [REVIEW]Sigbjørn Birkeland & Bertil Tungodden - 2014 - Theory and Decision 77 (1):125-151.
    In this paper, we study the role of fairness motivation in bargaining. We show that bargaining between two strongly fairness motivated individuals who have different views about what represents a fair division may end in disagreement. Further, by applying the Nash bargaining solution, we study the influence of fairness motivation on the bargaining outcome when an agreement is reached. In particular, we show that the bargaining outcome is sensitive to the fairness motivation of the two individuals, unless they both consider (...)
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  31. The Theology of the Gospel According to Thomas.Bertil Gartner - 1961
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  32.  4
    Human Rights of an Embryo.Bertil Wennergren - 1990 - Journal International de Bioethique= International Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):46-49.
  33. Bertil Ohlin: Critical Assessments.John Cunningham Wood (ed.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    These volumes bring together some 110 articles on this great economist, analysing his life, his work, and his impact on modern economic analysis. Whilst all aspects of his work are addressed, the greatest emphasis is on his impact on the development of modern trade theory. The collection includes articles by Paul Samuelson, Don Patinkin, and Rudiger Dornbusch and will be an invaluable work of reference for anyone studying the development of modern economics.
     
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  34.  22
    Axelson Bertil: Zum Alexanderroman des Julius Valerius. (Bulletin de la Société Royale des Lettres de Lund 1935–1936, III.) Pp. 32. Lund: Gleerup (London: Milford), 1936. Paper, Is. 6d. [REVIEW]W. W. Tarn - 1937 - The Classical Review 51 (04):148-.
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  35.  46
    The Paradoxes of Utopia A Study in Utopian Rationalism.Bertil Mårtensson - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (4):476-514.
    Utopian rationalism names the belief that science has made utopia a practical possibility. Its characteristics include determinism, collectivism, distrust of individual initiative and belief in the superiority of collective planning in securing human happiness. The first section traces the utopian and dystopian tradition into modern science fiction. The ideas collected here are systematized in the next section, which on all points dismisses the tenets and claims of utopian rationalism as false, and in a final section, which discusses utopian thinking and (...)
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  36.  11
    Bertil Belfrage, Ed., "George Berkeley's Manuscript Introduction". [REVIEW]Harry M. Bracken - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (3):455.
  37.  5
    Langue - Forme - Valeur: Réflexions Sur Trois Concepts Saussuriens.Bertil Malmberg - 1976 - Semiotica 18 (3).
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  38.  40
    Black and Hempel on Vagueness.Bertil Rolf - 1980 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 11 (2):332-346.
    Summary A. Vagueness is not definable in terms of behaviour (Section 4).
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  39.  56
    Korner On Vagueness And Applied Mathematics.Bertil Rolf - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 15 (1):81-108.
    Körner's notion of vagueness, its relation to ostension and the alledged gulf between logic and experience are examined. Ostension is seen not to cause vagueness ~ there are precise concepts of mathematics which can be ostensively introduced. A distinction is drawn between classical logic not applying to the vague world and not applying to the vague language. The claims about logic and the vague world are unverifiable claims about existence. Körner's attempt to elimmate the seeming incompatibility between vague language and (...)
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  40.  14
    Körner on Vagueness and Applied Mathematics.Bertil Rolf - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 15 (1):81-108.
    Körner's notion of vagueness, its relation to ostension and the alledged gulf between logic and experience are examined. Ostension is seen not to cause vagueness ~ there are precise concepts of mathematics which can be ostensively mtroduced. A distinction is drawn between classical logic not applymg to the vague world and not applymg to the vague language. The claims about logic and the vague world are unverifiable claims about existence. Körner's attempt to elimmate the seeming incompatibility between vague language and (...)
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  41. Om trovärdighet.Bertil Rolf - 1995 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4.
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  42.  33
    The Finitary Standpoint.Bertil Rolf - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (3):287 - 300.
  43.  30
    The Scientific-Technological Revolution (STR) and Soviet Ideology.Arnold Buchholz - 1985 - Studies in East European Thought 30 (4):337-346.
  44.  14
    The Scientific-Technological Revolution (STR) and Soviet Ideology.Arnold Buchholz - 1985 - Studies in Soviet Thought 30 (4):337-346.
  45.  5
    Basic Skills, Early Problematic Behaviour and Social Maladjustment.Bertil Törestad & David Magnusson - 1996 - Educational Studies 22 (2):165-176.
    The focus of this study is on the role of basic skills in boys’ social developmental process. With reference to a holistic model for individual functioning and development, the aim of the investigation was obtained by studying the relationships between basic skilb and early problematic behaviour at the age of 10, on the one hand, and later social maladjustment, manifest in the presence in official registers for alcohol problems, crime and psychiatric disorders, on the other. Based on data concerning basic (...)
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  46. Equality and Priority.Bertil Tungodden - 2009 - In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press.
  47.  43
    Fairness and Family Background.Bertil Tungodden, Erik Ø Sørensen, Kjell G. Salvanes, Alexander W. Cappelen & Ingvild Almås - 2017 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 16 (2):117-131.
    Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect to how much weight they attach to fairness considerations. In this article, we study the role of family background in explaining these heterogeneities in fairness preferences. In particular, we examine how socioeconomic background relates to fairness views and to how people make trade-offs between fairness and self-interest. To study (...)
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  48. Person-Affecting Paretian Egalitarianism with Variable Population Size.Bertil Tungodden & Peter Vallentyne - 2007 - In John Roemer & Kotaro Suzumura (eds.), Intergenerational Equity and Sustainability. Palgrave Publishers.
    Where there is a fixed population (i.e., who exists does not depend on what choice an agent makes), the deontic version of anonymous Paretian egalitarianism holds that an option is just if and only if (1) it is anonymously Pareto optimal (i.e., no feasible alternative has a permutation that is Pareto superior), and (2) it is no less equal than any other anonymously Pareto optimal option. We shall develop and discuss a version of this approach for the variable population case (...)
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  49.  9
    Studies in the Text and Theology of the Book of Lamentations with a Critical Edition of the Peshitta Text.Jonas C. Greenfield & Bertil Albrektson - 1965 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 85 (2):255.
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  50.  23
    Disease Control Priorities for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Lessons From Priority Ranking Based on the Quality of Evidence, Cost Effectiveness, Severity of Disease, Catastrophic Health Expenditures, and Loss of Productivity.Elisabeth Marie Strømme, Kristine Bærøe & Ole Frithjof Norheim - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (3):132-141.
    Background In the context of limited health care budgets in countries where Neglected Tropical Diseases are endemic, scaling up disease control interventions entails the setting of priorities. However, solutions based solely on cost-effectiveness analyses may lead to biased and insufficiently justified priorities. Objectives The objectives of this paper are to 1) demonstrate how a range of equity concerns can be used to identify feasible priority setting criteria, 2) show how these criteria can be fed into a multi-criteria decision-making matrix, and (...)
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