18 found
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  1. Understanding Implicit Bias: Putting the Criticism into Perspective.Michael Brownstein, Alex Madva & Bertram Gawronski - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (2):276-307.
    What is the status of research on implicit bias? In light of meta‐analyses revealing ostensibly low average correlations between implicit measures and behavior, as well as various other psychometric concerns, criticism has become ubiquitous. We argue that while there are significant challenges and ample room for improvement, research on the causes, psychological properties, and behavioral effects of implicit bias continues to deserve a role in the sciences of the mind as well as in efforts to understand, and ultimately combat, discrimination (...)
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  2.  28
    Associative and propositional processes in evaluation: An integrative review of implicit and explicit attitude change.Bertram Gawronski & Galen V. Bodenhausen - 2006 - Psychological Bulletin 132 (5):692-731.
    A central theme in recent research on attitudes is the distinction between deliberate, "explicit" attitudes and automatic, "implicit" attitudes. The present article provides an integrative review of the available evidence on implicit and explicit attitude change that is guided by a distinction between associative and propositional processes. Whereas associative processes are characterized by mere activation independent of subjective truth or falsity, propositional reasoning is concerned with the validation of evaluations and beliefs. The proposed associative-propositional evaluation model makes specific assumptions about (...)
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  3. What do implicit measures measure?Michael Brownstein, Alex Madva & Bertram Gawronski - 2019 - WIREs Cognitive Science:1-13.
    We identify several ongoing debates related to implicit measures, surveying prominent views and considerations in each debate. First, we summarize the debate regarding whether performance on implicit measures is explained by conscious or unconscious representations. Second, we discuss the cognitive structure of the operative constructs: are they associatively or propositionally structured? Third, we review debates whether performance on implicit measures reflects traits or states. Fourth, we discuss the question of whether a person’s performance on an implicit measure reflects characteristics of (...)
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  4. Brains, trains, and ethical claims: Reassessing the normative implications of moral dilemma research.Michael T. Dale & Bertram Gawronski - 2023 - Philosophical Psychology 36 (1):109-133.
    Joshua Greene has argued that the empirical findings of cognitive science have implications for ethics. In particular, he has argued (1) that people’s deontological judgments in response to trolley problems are strongly influenced by at least one morally irrelevant factor, personal force, and are therefore at least somewhat unreliable, and (2) that we ought to trust our consequentialist judgments more than our deontological judgments when making decisions about unfamiliar moral problems. While many cognitive scientists have rejected Greene’s dual-process theory of (...)
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  5.  94
    Are "implicit" attitudes unconscious?Bertram Gawronski, Wilhelm Hofmann & Christopher J. Wilbur - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (3):485-499.
    A widespread assumption in recent research on attitudes is that self-reported evaluations reflect conscious attitudes, whereas indirectly assessed evaluations reflect unconscious attitudes. The present article reviews the available evidence regarding unconscious features of indirectly assessed “implicit” attitudes. Distinguishing between three different aspects of attitudes, we conclude that people sometimes lack conscious awareness of the origin of their attitudes, but that lack of source awareness is not a distinguishing feature of indirectly assessed versus self-reported attitudes, there is no evidence that people (...)
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  6.  23
    The self-regulation of automatic associations and behavioral impulses.Jeffrey W. Sherman, Bertram Gawronski, Karen Gonsalkorale, Kurt Hugenberg, Thomas J. Allen & Carla J. Groom - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):314-335.
  7.  19
    Simultaneous conditioning of valence and arousal.Bertram Gawronski & Derek G. V. Mitchell - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (4):577-595.
  8.  26
    Do implicit evaluations reflect unconscious attitudes?Adam Hahn & Bertram Gawronski - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):28-29.
    We extend Newell & Shanks' (N&S's) arguments to the question of whether implicit evaluations reflect unconscious attitudes. We argue that correspondence to explicit evaluations fails to meet the criteria of relevance and sensitivity. When awareness is measured adequately and in line with N&S's criteria, there is compelling evidence that people are consciously aware of their implicit evaluations.
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  9.  35
    I like you, I like you not: Understanding the formation of context-dependent automatic attitudes.Robert J. Rydell & Bertram Gawronski - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1118-1152.
    (2009). I like you, I like you not: Understanding the formation of context-dependent automatic attitudes. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 1118-1152.
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  10.  39
    Changing likes and dislikes through the back door: The US-revaluation effect.Eva Walther, Bertram Gawronski, Hartmut Blank & Tina Langer - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):889-917.
  11.  2
    Cognitive Consistency: A Fundamental Principle in Social Cognition.Bertram Gawronski (ed.) - 2012 - Guilford Press.
    This volume provides an overview of recent research on the nature, causes, and consequences of cognitive consistency. In 21 chapters, leading scholars address the pivotal role of consistency principles at various levels of social information processing, ranging from micro-level to macro-level processes. The book's scope encompasses mental representation, processing fluency and motivational fit, implicit social cognition, thinking and reasoning, decision making and choice, and interpersonal processes. Key findings, emerging themes, and current directions in the field are explored, and important questions (...)
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  12.  29
    Is evaluative conditioning really resistant to extinction? Evidence for changes in evaluative judgements without changes in evaluative representations.Bertram Gawronski, Anne Gast & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (5):816-830.
  13.  24
    Operating principles versus operating conditions in the distinction between associative and propositional processes.Bertram Gawronski & Galen V. Bodenhausen - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):207-208.
    Drawing on our Associative-Propositional Evaluation (APE) Model, we argue for the usefulness of distinguishing between basic operating principles of learning processes (associative linking vs. propositional reasoning) and secondary features pertaining to the conditions of their operation (automatic vs. controlled). We review empirical evidence that supports the joint operation of associative and propositional processes in the formation of new associations.
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  14. How Should We Think About Implicit Measures and Their Empirical “Anomalies”?Bertram Gawronski, Michael Brownstein & Alex Madva - 2022 - WIREs Cognitive Science:1-7.
    Based on a review of several “anomalies” in research using implicit measures, Machery (2021) dismisses the modal interpretation of participant responses on implicit measures and, by extension, the value of implicit measures. We argue that the reviewed findings are anomalies only for specific—influential but long-contested—accounts that treat responses on implicit measures as uncontaminated indicators of trait-like unconscious representations that coexist with functionally independent conscious representations. However, the reviewed findings are to-be-expected “normalities” when viewed from the perspective of long-standing alternative frameworks (...)
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  15.  30
    Attentional influences on affective priming: Does categorisation influence spontaneous evaluations of multiply categorisable objects?Bertram Gawronski, William A. Cunningham, Etienne P. LeBel & Roland Deutsch - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (6):1008-1025.
  16. Attitudes and cognitive consistency: The role of associative and propositional processes.Bertram Gawronski, Fritz Strack & Galen V. Bodenhausen - 2009 - Attitudes: Insights From the New Implicit Measures.
     
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  17.  2
    Experiences of liking versus ideas about liking.Alison Ledgerwood, Paul W. Eastwick & Bertram Gawronski - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    We leverage the notion that abstraction enables prediction to generate novel insights and hypotheses for the literatures on attitudes and mate preferences. We suggest that ideas about liking are more abstract than experiences of liking, and that ideas about liking may facilitate mental travel beyond the here-and-now.
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  18.  4
    Contextual positivity-familiarity effects are unaffected by known moderators of misattribution.Rebecca Weil, Tomás A. Palma & Bertram Gawronski - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-13.
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