Results for 'Bimalendra Kumar'

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  1.  15
    Prof. Bimalendra Kumar.Bimalendra Kumar - unknown
    Prof. G.C. Pande in his work ‘ Studies in the Origins of Buddhism ’ speaks of the theory of relation ( paccaya) while discussing the principle of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Theory of relation ( paccaya) is a law explaining the existence of the dhammas , being related by some relations. It is further extension of the law of dependent origination ( paṭiccasamuppāda ). Things come to existence in our day-to-day life. The law of dependent origination explains that they (...)
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  2.  61
    'Knowledge' as a Natural Kind Term.Victor Kumar - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3):439-457.
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation to (...)
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  3. Moral Reasoning on the Ground.Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar - 2012 - Ethics 122 (2):273-312.
    We present a unified empirical and philosophical account of moral consistency reasoning, a distinctive form of moral reasoning that exposes inconsistencies among moral judgments about concrete cases. Judgments opposed in belief or in emotion and motivation are inconsistent when the cases are similar in morally relevant respects. Moral consistency reasoning, we argue, regularly shapes moral thought and feeling by coordinating two systems described in dual process models of moral cognition. Our empirical explanation of moral change fills a gap in the (...)
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  4. Sociology and the Englishness of English Social Theory.Krishan Kumar - 2001 - Sociological Theory 19 (1):41-64.
    Although England has a rich tradition of social and political thought, sociology does not figure strongly in this tradition. Several influential accounts-such as those by Noel Annan, Philip Abrams, and Perry Anderson-exist to explain this fact. I examine these accounts and, while largely agreeing with the explanations, question whether we should accept the authors' conclusions. In particular, we need to ask whether England was so different from other countries in this respect. Moreover, even if sociology was weak in England, does (...)
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  5.  69
    Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T. M. Scanlon.R. Jay Wallace, Rahul Kumar & Samuel Richard Freeman (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Reasons and Recognition brings together fourteen new papers on an array of topics from the many areas to which Scanlon has made path-breaking contributions, ...
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  6.  83
    Nation-States as Empires, Empires as Nation-States: Two Principles, One Practice? [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (2):119-143.
  7. Who Can Be Wronged?Rahul Kumar - 2003 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (2):99-118.
  8. On the Normative Significance of Experimental Moral Psychology.Victor Kumar & Richmond Campbell - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):311-330.
    Experimental research in moral psychology can be used to generate debunking arguments in ethics. Specifically, research can indicate that we draw a moral distinction on the basis of a morally irrelevant difference. We develop this naturalistic approach by examining a recent debate between Joshua Greene and Selim Berker. We argue that Greene's research, if accurate, undermines attempts to reconcile opposing judgments about trolley cases, but that his attempt to debunk deontology fails. We then draw some general lessons about the possibility (...)
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  9.  71
    Pragmatic Naturalism and Moral Objectivity.Richmond Campbell & Victor Kumar - 2013 - Analysis 73 (3):446-455.
    In Kitcher’s ‘pragmatic naturalism’ moral evolution consists in pragmatically motivated moral changes in response to practical difficulties in social life. No moral truths or facts exist that could serve as an ‘external’ measure for moral progress. We propose a psychologically realistic conception of moral objectivity consistent with this pragmatic naturalism yet alive to the familiar sense that moral progress has an objective basis that transcends convention and consensus in moral opinion, even when these are products of serious, extended and collaborative (...)
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  10.  11
    Rational Learners and Moral Rules.Shaun Nichols, Shikhar Kumar, Theresa Lopez, Alisabeth Ayars & Hoi‐Yee Chan - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (5):530-554.
    People draw subtle distinctions in the normative domain. But it remains unclear exactly what gives rise to such distinctions. On one prominent approach, emotion systems trigger non-utilitarian judgments. The main alternative, inspired by Chomskyan linguistics, suggests that moral distinctions derive from an innate moral grammar. In this article, we draw on Bayesian learning theory to develop a rational learning account. We argue that the ‘size principle’, which is implicated in word learning, can also explain how children would use scant and (...)
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  11.  92
    Defending the Moral Moderate: Contractualism and Common Sense.Rahul Kumar - 1999 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (4):275-309.
  12. Contractualism on Saving the Many.R. Kumar - 2001 - Analysis 61 (2):165-170.
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  13.  93
    Is Consequential Luck Morally Inconsequential? Empirical Psychology and the Reassessment of Moral Luck.Edward Royzman & Rahul Kumar - 2004 - Ratio 17 (3):329–344.
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  14. In Support of Anti-Intellectualism.Victor Kumar - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (1):135-54.
    Intellectualist theories attempt to assimilate know how to propositional knowledge and, in so doing, fail to properly explain the close relation know how bears to action. I develop here an anti-intellectualist theory that is warranted, I argue, because it best accounts for the difference between know how and mere “armchair knowledge.” Know how is a mental state characterized by a certain world-to-mind direction of fit (though it is non-motivational) and attendant functional role. It is essential of know how, but not (...)
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  15.  5
    Foul Behavior.Victor Kumar - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17 (15).
    Disgust originated as an evolutionary adaptation for avoiding disease, but it has since infiltrated morality. Many philosophers are skeptical of moral disgust. Skeptics argue that disgust is unreliable and harmful, and that we should eliminate or minimize feelings of disgust in moral thought. However, these arguments are unsuccessful. They do not show that disgust is more problematic than other emotions implicated in morality. Moreover, empirical research suggests that disgust supports important norms and values. Disgust is frequently elicited by “reciprocity violations,” (...)
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  16.  60
    Moral Judgment as a Natural Kind.Victor Kumar - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2887-2910.
    In this essay I argue that moral judgment is a natural kind by developing an empirically grounded theory of the distinctive conceptual content of moral judgments. Psychological research on the moral/conventional distinction suggests that in moral judgments right and wrong, good and bad, praiseworthiness and blameworthiness, etc. are conceptualized as serious, general, authority-independent, and objective. After laying out the theory and the empirical evidence that supports it, I address recent empirical and conceptual objections. Finally, I suggest that the theory uniquely (...)
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  17. Quantum: Einstein, Bohr, and the Great Debate About the Nature of Reality.Manjit Kumar - 2009 - Hachette India.
    The reluctant revolutionary -- The patent slave -- The golden Dane -- The quantum atom -- When Einstein met Bohr -- The prince of duality -- Spin doctors -- The quantum magician -- A late erotic outburst -- Uncertainty in Copenhagen -- Solvay 1927 -- Einstein forgets relativity -- Quantum reality -- For whom Bell's theorem tolls -- The quantum demon.
     
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  18. Permissible Killing and the Irrelevance of Being Human.Rahul Kumar - 2007 - Journal of Ethics 12 (1):57-80.
    This is a review essay of Jeff McMahan's recent book The Ethics of Killing : Problems at the Margins of Life. In the first part, I lay out the central features of McMahan's account of the wrongness of killing and its implications for when it is permissible to kill. In the second part of the essay, I argue that we ought not to accept McMahan's rejection of species membership as having any bearing on whether it is permissible to kill a (...)
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  19. The New Landscape for the Innovative Transformation of Education.M. S. Vijay Kumar - 2012 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (3):619-630.
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  20. An Empirical-Phenomenological Approach to Quantifying Consciousness and States of Consciousness: With Particular Reference to Understanding the Nature of Hypnosis.Ronald J. Pekala & V. K. Kumar - 2007 - In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press. pp. 167-194.
     
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  21.  10
    Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy.Jeff Weintraub & Krishan Kumar (eds.) - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    These essays, by widely respected scholars in fields ranging from social and political theory to historical sociology and cultural studies, illuminate the significance of the public/private distinction for an increasingly wide range of ...
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  22.  2
    Results of a Self-Assessment Tool to Assess the Operational Characteristics of Research Ethics Committees in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.H. Silverman, H. Sleem, K. Moodley, N. Kumar, S. Naidoo, T. Subramanian, R. Jaafar & M. Moni - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):332-337.
  23.  58
    Reasonable Reasons in Contractualist Moral Argument.Rahul Kumar - 2003 - Ethics 114 (1):6-37.
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  24.  45
    Psychopathy and Internalism.Victor Kumar - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):318-345.
    Do psychopaths make moral judgments but lack motivation? Or are psychopaths’ judgments are not genuinely moral? Both sides of this debate seem to assume either externalist or internalist criteria for the presence of moral judgment. However, if moral judgment is a natural kind, we can arrive at a theory-neutral criterion for moral judgment. A leading naturalistic criterion suggests that psychopaths have an impaired capacity for moral judgment; the capacity is neither fully present nor fully absent. Psychopaths are therefore not counterexamples (...)
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  25.  12
    Using Movement and Intentions to Understand Human Activity.Jeffrey M. Zacks, Shawn Kumar, Richard A. Abrams & Ritesh Mehta - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):201-216.
  26.  3
    Physical Spousal Violence Against Women in India: Some Risk Factors.L. Jeyaseelan, Shuba Kumar, Nithya Neelakantan, Abraham Peedicayil, Rajamohanam Pillai & Nata Duvvury - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (5):657.
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  27.  34
    A Review of the Types of Scientific Misconduct in Biomedical Research. [REVIEW]Malhar N. Kumar - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):211-228.
    Biomedical research has increased in magnitude over the last two decades. Increasing number of researchers has led to increase in competition for scarce resources. Researchers have often tried to take the shortest route to success which may involve performing fraudulent research. Science suffers from unethical research as much time, effort and cost is involved in exposing fraud and setting the standards right. It is better for all students of science to be aware of the methods used in fraudulent research so (...)
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  28. Reviews : Zygmunt Bauman, Legislators and Interpreters: On Modernity, Post- Modernity, and Intellectuals, Oxford: Polity Press, 1987, £25.00, 209 Pp. [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):265-269.
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  29. A Strategy for Improving and Integrating Biomedical Ontologies.Cornelius Rosse, Anand Kumar, Jose L. V. Mejino, Daniel L. Cook, Landon T. Detwiler & Barry Smith - 2005 - In Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA.
    The integration of biomedical terminologies is indispensable to the process of information integration. When terminologies are linked merely through the alignment of their leaf terms, however, differences in context and ontological structure are ignored. Making use of the SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we show how three reference domain ontologies can be integrated at a higher level, through what we shall call the OBR framework (for: Ontology of Biomedical Reality). OBR is designed to facilitate inference across the boundaries of domain ontologies (...)
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  30. Neutrality, Contingency and Undecidability.Dharmendra Kumar - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (4):353-356.
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  31.  9
    Reflections on the Varieties of Hypnotizables: A Commentary on Terhune and Cardeña.V. K. Kumar - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1151-1153.
    This commentary reflects on the varieties of high hypnotizable subjects suggested in the works by Barber, Barrett, Pekala and colleagues, and Terhune and Cardeña . These different studies point to the existence of different types of low, medium, and high hypnotizable subjects. However, types of high hypnotizables have received the most attention. Two main concerns are raised in this commentary: drawing parallels between the suggested typologies is not without problems given methodological differences among different studies, and the low base rates (...)
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  32.  8
    The End of South African Sanctions, Institutional Ownership, and the Stock Price Performance of Boycotted Firms Evidence on the Impact of Social/Ethical Investing.Raman Kumar, William B. Lamb & Richard E. Wokutch - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (2):133-165.
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  33.  14
    Hemifacial Differences in the in‐Group Advantage in Emotion Recognition.Hillary Anger Elfenbein, Manas Mandal, Nalini Ambady, Susumu Harizuka & Surender Kumar - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):613-629.
  34.  15
    How to Run an Effective Journal Club: A Systematic Review.Y. Deenadayalan, K. Grimmer‐Somers, M. Prior & S. Kumar - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):898-911.
    BACKGROUND: Health-based journal clubs have been in place for over 100 years. Participants meet regularly to critique research articles, to improve their understanding of research design, statistics and critical appraisal. However, there is no standard process of conducting an effective journal club. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify core processes of a successful health journal club. METHOD: We searched a range of library databases using established keywords. All research designs were initially considered to establish the body of evidence. (...)
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  35. The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections.Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2003 - In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.
    The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology are among the most widely used terminology resources in the biomedical domain. However, when we evaluate them in the light of simple principles for wellconstructed ontologies we find a number of characteristic inadequacies. Employing the theory of granular partitions, a new approach to the understanding of ontologies and of the relationships ontologies bear to instances in reality, we provide an application of this theory in relation to an example drawn from the (...)
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  36.  53
    Risking and Wronging.Rahul Kumar - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (1):27-51.
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  37.  3
    Stable Edge Dislocations in Finite Crystals.Arun Kumar & Anandh Subramaniam - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (23):2947-2956.
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  38.  47
    Nation and Empire: English and British National Identity in Comparative Perspective. [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 2000 - Theory and Society 29 (5):575-608.
  39.  7
    Monotonous Percussion Drumming and Trance Postures: A Controlled Evaluation of Phenomenological Effects.Lisa N. Woodside, V. K. Kumar & Ronald J. Pekala - 1997 - Anthropology of Consciousness 8 (2‐3):69-87.
  40. Doping Effects Arising From Ni for Fe in PrFeO3ceramic Thin Films.Feroz Ahmad Mir, M. Ikram & Ravi Kumar - 2012 - Philosophical Magazine 92 (9):1058-1070.
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  41. Spectroscopic and Dielectric Studies on PbO–MoO3–B2O3glasses Incorporating Small Concentrations of TiO2.P. Syam Prasad, M. Srinivasa Reddy, V. Ravi Kumar & N. Veeraiah - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (36):5763-5787.
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  42.  19
    The Origin of Metazoa: A Transition From Temporal to Spatial Cell Differentiation.Kirill V. Mikhailov, Anastasiya V. Konstantinova, Mikhail A. Nikitin, Peter V. Troshin, Leonid Yu Rusin, Vassily A. Lyubetsky, Yuri V. Panchin, Alexander P. Mylnikov, Leonid L. Moroz, Sudhir Kumar & Vladimir V. Aleoshin - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (7):758-768.
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  43.  68
    How Many of Us Are There?Hannah Tierney, Chris Howard, Victor Kumar, Trevor Kvaran & Shaun Nichols - 2014 - In Justin Sytsma (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Mind. Continuum Press.
  44.  1
    Image Forces on Edge Dislocations: A Revisit of the Fundamental Concept with Special Regard to Nanocrystals.Prasenjit Khanikar, Arun Kumar & Anandh Subramaniam - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (5):730-750.
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  45.  35
    Utopian Thought and Communal Practice.Kriashan Kumar - 1990 - Theory and Society 19 (1):1-35.
  46.  15
    Ethical Conflicts in Commercialization of University Research in the Post-Bayh-Dole Era.Malhar N. Kumar - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):324-351.
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  47.  7
    Aspects of the Western Utopian Tradition.Krishan Kumar - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (1):63-77.
    The western utopia has both classical and Judaeo-Christian roots. From the Greeks came the form of the ideal city, based on reason, from Jews and Christians the idea of deliverance through a messiah and the culmination of history in the millennium. The Greek conception placed utopia in an ideal space, the Christian conception in an ideal time. The modern utopia, dating from Thomas More's Utopia (1516), drew upon both these traditions but added something distinctive of its own. Following More, the (...)
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  48. ARTICLE Communicated by John Hertz.Arvind Kumar - unknown
    We studied the dynamics of large networks of spiking neurons with conductance-based (nonlinear) synapses and compared them to net- works with current-based (linear) synapses. For systems with sparse and inhibition-dominated recurrent connectivity, weak external inputs in- duced asynchronous irregular firing at low rates. Membrane potentials fluctuated a few millivolts below threshold, and membrane conductances were increased by a factor 2 to 5 with respect to the resting state. This combination of parameters characterizes the ongoing spiking activity typ- ically recorded in (...)
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  49.  5
    The Differential Organization of the Structures of Consciousness During Hypnosis and a Baseline Condition.Ronald Pekala & V. Kumar - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (4).
  50.  12
    Medical Education for Social Justice: Paulo Freire Revisited. [REVIEW]Sayantani DasGupta, Alice Fornari, Kamini Geer, Louisa Hahn, Vanita Kumar, Hyun Joon Lee, Susan Rubin & Marji Gold - 2006 - Journal of Medical Humanities 27 (4):245-251.
    Although social justice is an integral component of medical professionalism, there is little discussion in medical education about how to teach it to future physicians. Using adult learning theory and the work of Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, medical educators can teach a socially-conscious professionalism through educational content and teaching strategies. Such teaching can model non-hierarchical relationships to learners, which can translate to their clinical interactions with patients. Freirian teaching can additionally foster professionalism in both teachers and learners by ensuring that (...)
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