Results for 'Biomedical Research ethics.'

987 found
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  1.  66
    A Brief History of Biomedical Research Ethics in Iran: Conflict of Paradigms.Kiarash Aramesh - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (2):107-112.
    During the past two decades, Iran has experienced a noteworthy growth in its biomedical research sector. At the same time, ethical concerns and debates resulting from this burgeoning enterprise has led to increasing attention paid to biomedical ethics. In Iran, Biomedical research ethics and research oversight passed through major periods during the past decades, separated by a paradigm shift. Period 1, starting from the early 1970s, is characterized by research paternalism and complete reliance (...)
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  2.  14
    Islam and Biomedical Research Ethics.Mehrunisha Suleman - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book is a contribution to the nascent discourse on global health and biomedical research ethics involving Muslim populations and Islamic contexts. It presents a rich sociological account about the ways in which debates and questions involving Islam within the biomedical research context are negotiated - a perspective which is currently lacking within the broader bioethics literature. The book tackles some key understudied areas including: role of faith in moral deliberations within biomedical research ethics, (...)
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  3.  16
    Biomedical research ethics: updating international guidelines: a consultation: Geneva, Switzerland, 15-17 March 2000.Robert J. Levine, Samuel Gorovitz & James Gallagher (eds.) - 2000 - Geneva: CIOMS.
    Records the papers and commentaries, with an edited discussion, presented at an international consultation convened by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) to guide revision of the CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. The Guidelines, first issued in 1982 and then revised in 1993, are being updated and expanded to address a number of new and especially challenging ethical issues. These include issues raised by international collaborative trials of drugs in developing (...)
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  4.  18
    From vulnerable subjects to research partners: a critical policy analysis of biomedical research ethics guidelines and regulations.Maria Cristina Murano - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (3):539-558.
    Over the last three quarters of a century, international guidelines and regulations have undergone significant changes in how children are problematised as participants in biomedical research. While early guidelines enacted children as vulnerable subjects with diminished autonomy and in need of special protection, beginning in the early 2000s, international regulatory frameworks defined the paediatric population as vulnerable due to unaddressed public health needs. More recently, ethical recommendations have promoted the active engagement of minors as research partners. In (...)
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  5.  45
    Biomedical research ethics.Ana Smith Iltis - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (5):515 – 522.
  6.  7
    Research as development: biomedical research, ethics, and collaboration in Sri Lanka.Salla Sariola - 2019 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Edited by Bob Simpson.
    Shows how international biomedical researchers in Sri Lanka work across cultural, epistemic, economic, and power differences to accomplish clinical trials.
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  7.  16
    Educating about biomedical research ethics.Bratislav Stankovic & Mirjana Stankovic - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (4):541-548.
    This article examines the global and worsening problem of research misconduct as it relates to bio-medico-legal education. While research misconduct has serious legal implications, few adequate legal remedies exist to deal with it. With respect to teaching, research ethics education should be mandatory for biomedical students and physicians. Although teaching alone will not prevent misconduct, it promotes integrity, accountability, and responsibility in research. Policies and law enforcement should send a clear message that researchers should adhere (...)
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  8. A comparative analysis of biomedical research ethics regulation systems in Europe and Latin America with regard to the protection of human subjects.E. Lamas, M. Ferrer, A. Molina, R. Salinas, A. Hevia, A. Bota, D. Feinholz, M. Fuchs, R. Schramm, J. -C. Tealdi & S. Zorrilla - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):750-753.
    The European project European and Latin American Systems of Ethics Regulation of Biomedical Research Project (EULABOR) has carried out the first comparative analysis of ethics regulation systems for biomedical research in seven countries in Europe and Latin America, evaluating their roles in the protection of human subjects. We developed a conceptual and methodological framework defining ‘ethics regulation system for biomedical research’ as a set of actors, institutions, codes and laws involved in overseeing the ethics (...)
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  9.  18
    A charter for biomedical research ethics in a progressive, caring society.Laurence Delhaes, Isabelle Wolowczuk, Bernard Vandenbunder, Thomas Trentesaux, Bénédicte Oxombre, Hélène Lefranc, Anne Goffard, Benoît Foligne, Eduardo Dei Cas, Valérie Bougault, Danie Boudiguet, Alessandra Blaizot & Sylvie Vandoolaeghe - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10 (1):1-6.
    BackgroundGiven that advances in research continuously raise new ethical issues, a multidisciplinary working group of investigators involved in biomedical research has gathered to discuss and compare ethical viewpoints in their daily practice.MethodsThe working group has drafted a Charter for Ethics in Biomedical Research that encompasses all the steps in the research process, i.e. from the initial idea to analysis and publication of the results.ResultsBased on key principles for ethically responsible research, the Charter may (...)
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  10.  15
    Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics.Timothy F. Murphy - 2004 - MIT Press.
    An overview of the key debates in biomedical researchethics, presented through a wide-ranging selection of casestudies.
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  11.  53
    Reassessing the Role of the Biomedical Research Ethics Committee.Merryn Ekberg - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (4):335-352.
    The role of the Research Ethics Committee (REC) in the design, conduct and dissemination of scientific research is still evolving and many important questions remain unanswered. Hence, the aim of this paper is to address some of the uncertainty that exists around the role and responsibilities of RECs and to discuss some of the controversy that exists over the criteria that RECs should follow when evaluating a research proposal. The discussion is organised around five of the major (...)
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  12.  8
    Views of South African biomedical research ethics committee members on their own ethics review outcomes.B. Silaigwana & D. Wassenaar - 2019 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 12 (1):8.
  13.  13
    Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics.Jacquelyn Slomka & Timothy F. Murphy - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (1):18.
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  14.  17
    Biomedical Research and Beyond: Expanding the Ethics of Inquiry.Christopher Tollefsen - 2007 - New York: Routledge.
    What is the relationship between scientific research and ethics? Some think that science should be free from ethical and political considerations. _Biomedical Research and Beyond_ argues that ethical guidance is essential for all forms of inquiry, including biomedical and scientific research. By addressing some of the most controversial questions of biomedical research, such as embryonic research, animal research, and genetic enhancement research, the author argues for a rich moral framework for the (...)
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  15.  21
    Biomedical Research with Dual Use: Ethical Concerns.Simona Loana Gheorghiu - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 6 (1-2):105-112.
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  16.  32
    Ethical issues in biomedical research: Perceptions and practices of postdoctoral research fellows responding to a survey.Susan Eastwood, Pamela Derish, Evangeline Leash & Stephen Ordway - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):89-114.
    We surveyed 1005 postdoctoral fellows by questionnaire about ethical matters related to biomedical research and publishing; 33% responded. About 18% of respondents said they had taken a course in research ethics, and about 31% said they had had a course that devoted some time to research ethics. A substantial majority stated willingness to grant other investigators, except competitors, access to their data before publication and to share research materials. Respondents’ opinions about contributions justifying authorship of (...)
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  17.  10
    Ethical issues in biomedical research in Nigeria: a systematic review.Chinaza Richard Ikeagwulonu, Chigozie Jesse Uneke & Obeta Mark Uchejeso - 2021 - Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):35-48.
    The use of human subjects in research comes with lots of ethical challenges. The purpose of this review is to assess the various ethical issues that have been associated with biomedical research in Nigeria. This article also finds out the possible ways of improvement of this scenario. Pubmed/Medline, Google Scholar, JSTOR, and AJOL search were the possible search engine for literature from 2000 to 2020. Key words were used including, ethical issues, biomedical research and Nigeria. (...)
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  18. The ethics of biomedical research: an international perspective.Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
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  19. Biomedical research in the developing world : Ethical issues and dilemmas.David B. Resnik - 2006 - In Ana Smith Iltis (ed.), Research ethics. London: Routledge.
     
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  20.  64
    Ethical issues in international biomedical research: a casebook.James V. Lavery (ed.) - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    No other volume has this scope. Students in bioethics, public and international health, and ethics will find this book particularly useful.
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  21.  19
    International Biomedical Research and Research Ethics Training in Developing Countries.Fawaz Mzayek & David Resnik - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 1 (1).
  22.  47
    International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects.C. G. Foster - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (2):123-124.
  23.  6
    Ethics in Biomedical Research: International Perspectives.Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala & Peter Herissone-Kelly (eds.) - 2007 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This book deals with the international assessment and regulation of biomedical research. In its chapters, some of the leading figures in today’s bioethics address questions centred on global development, scientific advances, and vulnerability. The series _Values In Bioethics_ makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics.
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  24.  20
    Improving biomedical journals’ ethical policies: the case of research misconduct.Xavier Bosch - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):644-646.
    Scientific journals may incur scientific error if articles are tainted by research misconduct. While some journals’ ethical policies, especially those on conflicts of interest, have improved over recent years, with some adopting a uniform approach, only around half of biomedical journals, principally those with higher impact factors, currently have formal misconduct policies, mainly for handling allegations. Worryingly, since a response to allegations would reasonably require an a priori definition, far fewer journals have publicly available definitions of misconduct. While (...)
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  25.  74
    Biomedical research on autism in low‐ and middle‐income countries: Considerations from the South African context.Siobhan de Lange, Dee Muller & Chloe Dafkin - forthcoming - Developing World Bioethics.
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by social/communicative difficulties and perseverative behaviours. While research on autism has flourished recently, few studies have been conducted on the disorder in non‐Western contexts. In low‐ and middle‐income countries (LMICs), biomedical research on autism is required to better understand the needs of the population and to develop contextually appropriate interventions. However, autistic individuals are a vulnerable study population and LMICs present with various considerations. While the presentation of autism (...)
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  26.  22
    Ethical issues in biomedical research using electronic health records: a systematic review.Jan Piasecki, Ewa Walkiewicz-Żarek, Justyna Figas-Skrzypulec, Anna Kordecka & Vilius Dranseika - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (4):633-658.
    Digitization of a health record changes its accessibility. An electronic health record (EHR) can be accessed by multiple authorized users. Health information from EHRs contributes to learning healthcare systems’ development. The objective of this systematic review is to answer a question: What are ethical issues concerning research using EHRs in the literature? We searched Medline Ovid, Embase and Scopus for publications concerning ethical issues of research use of EHRs. We employed the constant comparative method to retrieve common ethical (...)
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  27.  28
    Does science need bioethicists? Ethics and science collaboration in biomedical research.Angeliki Kerasidou & Michael Parker - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (4):214-226.
    Biomedical research is an increasingly multidisciplinary activity bringing together a range of different academic fields and forms of expertise to investigate diseases that are increasingly understood to be complex and multifactorial. Recently the discipline of ethics has been starting to find a place in large-scale biomedical collaborations. In this article we draw from our experience of working with the Malaria Genomic Epidemiology Network and other research projects to reflect upon the integration of ethics into biomedical (...)
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  28.  8
    Ethics Review of Biomedical Research in Uzbekistan: Policy and Program Gaps.Dilfuza Aniyozova & Martin A. Strosberg - forthcoming - Asian Bioethics Review:1-9.
    We describe the national health research ethics review system of Uzbekistan and identify policy and program gaps that impede the protection of human research subjects. We find that the National Ethic Committee (NEC), functioning at the national level, is solely responsible for conducting research ethics review. There is little evidence that regional ethics committees work as intended, and there is no research ethics review at medical institutes and research centers even though they conduct CDTs (clinical (...)
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  29. Exploitation in biomedical research.David B. Resnik - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (3):233--259.
    This essay analyzesexploitation in biomedical research in terms ofthree basic elements: harm, disrespect, orinjustice. There are also degrees ofexploitation, ranging from highly exploitationto minimally exploitation. Althoughexploitation is prima facie wrongful,some exploitative research studies are morallyjustified, all things considered. The reasonan exploitative study can still be ethical isthat other moral considerations, such as theautonomy of the research subject or the socialbenefits of research, may sometimes justifystudies that are minimally exploitative. Calling a research project exploitative doesnot (...)
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  30.  7
    Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research: Theory and Practice.Daniel Strech & Marcel Mertz (eds.) - 2016 - Cham: Springer.
    In this book, scholars with different disciplinary and national backgrounds argue for possible answers and analyse case studies on current issues of governance in biomedical research. These issues comprise among others the research-care distinction, risk evaluation in early human trials, handling of incidental findings, nocebo effects, cluster randomized trials, publication bias, or consent in biobank research. This book demonstrates how new technologies and research possibilities multiply or intensify already known governance challenges, leaving room for ethical (...)
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  31.  54
    Big Data for Biomedical Research and Personalised Medicine: an Epistemological and Ethical Cross-Analysis.Thierry Magnin & Mathieu Guillermin - 2017 - Human and Social Studies. Research and Practice 6 (3):13-36.
    Big data techniques, data-driven science and their technological applications raise many serious ethical questions, notably about privacy protection. In this paper, we highlight an entanglement between epistemology and ethics of big data. Discussing the mobilisation of big data in the fields of biomedical research and health care, we show how an overestimation of big data epistemic power – of their objectivity or rationality understood through the lens of neutrality – can become ethically threatening. Highlighting the irreducible non-neutrality at (...)
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  32. Intertwining Biomedical Research and Public Health in HIV Microbicide Research.R. Macklin - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (3):199-209.
    Finding an effective microbicide that could substantially lower women’s risk of acquiring HIV infection is an ethical imperative. Women and girls continue to be disproportionally affected by HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethics guidelines for conducting preventive HIV microbicide trials call for steps that intertwine biomedical research and public health. Ethical considerations include adequate studies of the safety of microbicides, the use of placebo controls in future trials once a microbicide is shown to be effective, whether leftover microbicide from (...)
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  33.  5
    Ethical regulation of biomedical research in Brazil: a quality improvement initiative.Daniel Ribeiro Paes de Castro, Camilo Hernan Manchola Castillo, João Paulo Dias Ferreira, João Paulo Alves Oliveira, Tassila Fernandes Kirsten, Paulo Henrique Condeixa de França, Lisiane Silveira Zavalhia, Regina Kuhmmer Notti, Renata Kochhann & Sérgio Luís Amantéa - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-9.
    Background Q-CEP (Qualificação dos Comitês de Ética em Pesquisa que compõem o Sistema CEP/Conep) is a nationwide project resulting from a partnership between the Brazilian National Research Ethics Commission (Conep), the Ministry of Health and Hospital Moinhos de Vento (HMV). It was developed to consolidate policy for ethical review of research with human beings in all members of the CEP/Conep System, Brazil’s national system of institutional review boards. The aim of this study was therefore to report on the (...)
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  34.  35
    Should biomedical research with great apes be restricted? A systematic review of reasons.David DeGrazia, Javiera Perez Gomez & Bernardo Aguilera - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-20.
    BackgroundThe use of great apes (GA) in invasive biomedical research is one of the most debated topics in animal ethics. GA are, thus far, the only animal group that has frequently been banned from invasive research; yet some believe that these bans could inaugurate a broader trend towards greater restrictions on the use of primates and other animals in research. Despite ongoing academic and policy debate on this issue, there is no comprehensive overview of the reasons (...)
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  35.  39
    Ethics, regulation, and biomedical research.Matthew Weed - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (4):361-368.
    : Controversy has surrounded the institutions that facilitate discussion and regulation of American biomedical research for years. Recent challenges to the legitimacy of the President's Council on Bioethics have been focused on stem cell research. These arguments represent an opportunity to reconsider the legislation under which stem cell research is regulated, as well as to consider preexisting bodies like the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee and National Bioethics Advisory Commission. This paper proposes a Federal Life Sciences Policy (...)
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  36.  10
    Knowledge, opinions and experiences of researchers regarding ethical regulation of biomedical research in Benin: a cross-sectional study.Martial Boko, Fernand Aimé Guédou, Grâce Quenum & Flore Gangbo - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundEthics in biomedical research is still a fairly new concept in Africa. This work aims to assess the knowledge, attitude and experiences of Beninese researchers with regard to the national ethical regulatory framework of biomedical research in Benin.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional and descriptive study, involving all the researchers fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Data were collected through a face-to-face interview using a questionnaire and analysed. Proportions and means were calculated with their confidence intervals and standard deviations, respectively.ResultsOf (...)
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  37.  19
    Biomedical research and mining of the poor: The need for their exclusion.R. R. Kishore - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):175-183.
    Almost all ethical guidelines and legislative policies concerning biomedical research involving human subjects contain provisions about relevance of research for the participating populations, informed consent, adequate care for research induced injuries and several other safeguards but the poor continue to suffer. Globalization has further aggravated poor people’s vulnerability by exposing them to international markets. Since the developing countries are abode of higher population of the poor they have become the unholy mines of this human ore for (...)
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  38.  43
    ‘Ethical concepts regarding the genetic engineering of laboratory animals’: A confrontation with moral beliefs from the practice of biomedical research.R. de Vries - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):211-225.
    Intrinsic value and animal integrity are two key concepts in the debate on the ethics of the genetic engineering of laboratory animals. These concepts have, on the one hand, a theoretical origin and are, on the other hand, based on the moral beliefs of people not directly involved in the genetic modification of animals. This ‘external’ origin raises the question whether these concepts need to be adjusted or extended when confronted with the moral experiences and opinions of people directly involved (...)
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  39. An ethical framework for biomedical research.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, David Wendler & C. Grady - 2008 - In The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 123--135.
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  40. International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects CIOMS.Udo Schuklenk - 1994 - Bioethics 8 (2):189-189.
     
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  41. Ethical Principles of Biomedical Research on Human Subjects: Their Application and Limitations in Latin.Diana Serrano LaVertu & Ana Marfa Linares - 1990 - Bioethics: Issues and Perspectives 527:107.
     
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  42.  17
    Is Biomedical Research Protected from Predatory Reviewers?Aceil Al-Khatib & Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):293-321.
    Authors endure considerable hardship carrying out biomedical research, from generating ideas to completing their manuscripts and submitting their findings and data to a journal. When researchers submit to journals, they entrust their findings and ideas to editors and peer reviewers who are expected to respect the confidentiality of peer review. Inherent trust in peer review is built on the ethical conduct of authors, editors and reviewers, and on the respect of this confidentiality. If such confidentiality is breached by (...)
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  43.  44
    Trust and integrity in biomedical research: the case of financial conflicts of interest.Thomas H. Murray & Josephine Johnston (eds.) - 2010 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    This volume assesses the ethical, quantitative, and qualitative questions posed by the current financing of biomedical research.
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  44.  15
    Do biomedical researchers differ in their perceptions of plagiarism across Europe? Findings from an online survey among leading universities.Kris Dierickx, Benoit Nemery & Nannan Yi - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundExisting research on perceptions of plagiarism and cultural influences mainly focuses on comparisons between the Western World and the Eastern World. However, possible differences within the Western World have hardly been assessed, especially among biomedical academics. The authors compared perceptions of plagiarism among European biomedical researchers who participated in an online survey.MethodsThe present work is based on the data collected in a previous online survey done in 2018 among biomedical researchers working in leading European and Chinese (...)
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  45.  16
    The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective.Charles Weijer & Baruch A. Brody - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (1):47.
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  46.  26
    Ethics committees for biomedical research in some African emerging countries: which establishment for which independence? A comparison with the USA and Canada.J. -P. Rwabihama, C. Girre & A. -M. Duguet - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):243-249.
    Context The conduct of medical research led by Northern countries in developing countries raises ethical questions. The assessment of research protocols has to be twofold, with a first reading in the country of origin and a second one in the country where the research takes place. This reading should benefit from an independent local ethical review of protocols. Consequently, ethics committees for medical research are evolving in Africa. Objective To investigate the process of establishing ethics committees (...)
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  47.  32
    Setting risk thresholds in biomedical research: lessons from the debate about minimal risk.Annette Rid - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (1-2):63-85.
    One of the fundamental ethical concerns about biomedical research is that it frequently exposes participants to risks for the benefit of others. To protect participants’ rights and interests in this context, research regulations and guidelines set out a mix of substantive and procedural requirements for research involving humans. Risk thresholds play an important role in formulating both types of requirements. First, risk thresholds serve to set upper risk limits in certain types of research. Second, risk (...)
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  48.  39
    A Review of: “Timothy F. Murphy. 2004. Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics”: Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 368 pp. $29.00, paperback. [REVIEW]David Rodríguez-Arias & Christian Hervé - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):64-66.
  49.  11
    Ethical implications of blockchain technology in biomedical research.Giovanni Rubeis - forthcoming - Ethik in der Medizin:1-14.
    Definition of the problem Biomedical research based on big data offers immense benefits. Large multisite research that integrates large amounts of personal health data, especially genomic and genetic data, might contribute to a more personalized medicine. This type of research requires the transfer and storage of highly sensitive data, which raises the question of how to protect data subjects against data harm, such as privacy breach, disempowerment, disenfranchisement, and exploitation. As a result, there is a trade-off (...)
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  50.  21
    Moral imagination as an instrument for ethics education for biomedical researchers.Elianne M. Gerrits, Lars S. Assen, Liesbeth Noordegraaf-Eelens, Annelien L. Bredenoord & Marc H. W. van Mil - 2023 - International Journal of Ethics Education 8 (2):275-289.
    Moral sensitivity and moral reasoning are essential competencies biomedical researchers have to develop to make ethical decisions in their daily practices. Previous research has shown that these competencies can be developed through ethics education. However, it is unclear which underlying mechanisms best support the development of these competencies. In this article we argue that the development of moral sensitivity and moral reasoning can be fostered through teaching strategies that tap into students’ moral imagination. We describe how moral imagination (...)
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