Results for 'Birgit Knudsen'

405 found
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  1.  42
    Working Together: Contributions of Corpus Analyses and Experimental Psycholinguistics to Understanding Conversation.Antje S. Meyer, Phillip M. Alday, Caitlin Decuyper & Birgit Knudsen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  2. Forgotten Little Words: How Backchannels and Particles May Facilitate Speech Planning in Conversation?Birgit Knudsen, Ava Creemers & Antje S. Meyer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  3. Conceptual and Practical Problems of Moral Enhancement.Birgit Beck - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (4):233-240.
    Recently, the debate on human enhancement has shifted from familiar topics like cognitive enhancement and mood enhancement to a new and – to no one's surprise – controversial subject, namely moral enhancement. Some proponents from the transhumanist camp allude to the ‘urgent need’ of improving the moral conduct of humankind in the face of ever growing technological progress and the substantial dangers entailed in this enterprise. Other thinkers express more sceptical views about this proposal. As the debate has revealed so (...)
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  4.  9
    Wie Aus Umweltforschung Die Genetische Pränataldiagnostik entstandThe Emergence of Genetic Prenatal Diagnosis From Environmental Research.Birgit Nemec & Fabian Zimmer - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (1):39-78.
  5.  59
    Social Acceptance of Dairy Farming: The Ambivalence Between the Two Faces of Modernity. [REVIEW]Birgit K. Boogaard, Bettina B. Bock, Simon J. Oosting, Johannes S. C. Wiskerke & Akke J. van der Zijpp - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (3):259-282.
    Society’s relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of modernity: the negative (exploitation of nature and loss of traditions) and the positive (progress, convenience, and efficiency). This article draws on a national survey carried out in the Netherlands that aimed at gaining (...)
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  6.  8
    Infants’ Goal Prediction for Simple Action Events: The Role of Experience and Agency Cues.Birgit Elsner & Maurits Adam - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):45-62.
    Looking times and gaze behavior indicate that infants can predict the goal state of an observed simple action event (e.g., object‐directed grasping) already in the first year of life. The present paper mainly focuses on infants’ predictive gaze‐shifts toward the goal of an ongoing action. For this, infants need to generate a forward model of the to‐be‐obtained goal state and to disengage their gaze from the moving agent at a time when information about the action event is still incomplete. By (...)
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  7. Self-Awareness in Dignāga’s Pramāṇasamuccaya and -Vṛtti: A Close Reading.Birgit Kellner - 2010 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 38 (3):203-231.
    The concept of “self-awareness” ( svasaṃvedana ) enters Buddhist epistemological discourse in the Pramāṇasamuccaya and - vṛtti by Dignāga (ca. 480–540), the founder of the Buddhist logico-epistemological tradition. Though some of the key passages have already been dealt with in various publications, no attempt has been made to comprehensively examine all of them as a whole. A close reading is here proposed to make up for this deficit. In connection with a particularly difficult passage (PS(V) 1.8cd-10) that presents the means (...)
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  8.  8
    When Is There a Sustainability Case for CSR? Pathways to Environmental and Social Performance Improvements.Mika Kuisma, Leena Lankoski, Jette Steen Knudsen, Jukka Rintamäki & Minna Halme - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (6):1181-1227.
    Little is known about when corporate social responsibility leads to a sustainability case. Building on various forms of decoupling, we develop a theoretical framework for examining pathways from institutional pressures through CSR management to sustainability performance. To empirically identify such pathways, we apply fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis to an extensive dataset from 19 large companies. We discover that different pathways are associated with environmental and social performance improvements, and that pathways to success and failure are for the most part not (...)
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  9.  16
    Levinas's Ethics as a Basis of Healthcare - Challenges and Dilemmas.Birgit Nordtug - 2015 - Nursing Philosophy 16 (1):51-63.
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  10.  6
    The Relevance of Connecting Sustainable Agricultural Development with African Philosophy.Birgit K. Boogaard - 2019 - South African Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):273-286.
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  11. Development of Theory of Mind and Executive Control.Josef Perner & Birgit Lang - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (9):337-344.
  12.  7
    Self-Control in Online Discussions: Disinhibited Online Behavior as a Failure to Recognize Social Cues.Birgit J. Voggeser, Ranjit K. Singh & Anja S. Göritz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13.  4
    The Role of Functional Information for Infant Categorization.Birgit Träuble & Sabina Pauen - 2007 - Cognition 105 (2):362-379.
  14.  31
    Underqualified—Maximal Generality in Darwinian Explanation: A Response to Matt Gers.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (4):607-614.
    Gers (Biol Philos, 2011) provides a positive and constructive view of the project to generalise Darwinian principles in Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen’s Darwin’s Conjecture. We note considerable overlap with his work and ours, and also with important recent work of Godfrey-Smith ( 2009 ), which Gers cites extensively. But we also note that there are differences in research objectives between Gers and Godfrey-Smith, on the one hand, and ourselves, on the other. Gers and Godfrey-Smith focus on the elucidation (...)
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  15.  91
    Self-Awareness (Svasaṃvedana) and Infinite Regresses: A Comparison of Arguments by Dignāga and Dharmakīrti.Birgit Kellner - 2011 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 39 (4-5):411-426.
    This paper compares and contrasts two infinite regress arguments against higher-order theories of consciousness that were put forward by the Buddhist epistemologists Dignāga (ca. 480–540 CE) and Dharmakīrti (ca. 600–660). The two arguments differ considerably from each other, and they also differ from the infinite regress argument that scholars usually attribute to Dignāga or his followers. The analysis shows that the two philosophers, in these arguments, work with different assumptions for why an object-cognition must be cognised: for Dignāga it must (...)
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  16.  35
    Do I Get What You Get? Learning About the Effects of Self-Performed and Observed Actions in Infancy.Birgit Elsner & Gisa Aschersleben - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):732-751.
    The present study investigated whether infants learn the effects of other persons' actions like they do for their own actions, and whether infants transfer observed action-effect relations to their own actions. Nine-, 12-, 15- and 18-month-olds explored an object that allowed two actions, and that produced a certain salient effect after each action. In a self-exploration group, infants explored the object directly, whereas in two observation groups, infants first watched an adult model acting on the object and obtaining a certain (...)
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  17.  15
    Development of a Research Integrity and Ethics Framework in a Higher Education Institution: Five Years On.Birgit Whitman & Gillian Tallents - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (3):81-85.
    In recent years there has been increased recognition of the importance of high standards in ethics, governance and the integrity of research. This paper is a case study of the University of Bristol's approach to address these important activities in a Higher Education Institution. It will highlight the importance of working closely with the academic research community to ensure maximum engagement, leading to a sustained culture change that recognizes faculty and departmental specific needs. A key tool to ensuring high standards (...)
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  18.  7
    Too Hot to Handle: The Controversial Hunt for Uranium in Greenland in the Early Cold War.Henry Nielsen & Henrik Knudsen - 2013 - Centaurus 55 (3):319-343.
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  19.  24
    Creative Cognition and Systems Biology on the Edge of Chaos.Robert M. Bilder & Kendra S. Knudsen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  20.  28
    At Ease with “At”.Birgit Wesche - 1986 - Journal of Semantics 5 (4):385-399.
    The preposition at has a range of rather diverse meanings - locative, temporal, causal, etc. -which would not seem to be captured by any common denominator that would still be strong enough to distinguish at from other prepositions. In order to clarify the relationship of the various meanings of at to each other, this paper assumes the notion of a semantic prototype and shows how other senses of at develop from a basic locative sense of at, and how these derived (...)
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  21.  8
    The Effects of Subjective Loss of Control on Risk-Taking Behavior: The Mediating Role of Anger.Birgit M. Beisswingert, Keshun Zhang, Thomas Goetz, Ping Fang & Urs Fischbacher - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  22.  29
    Company Delistings From the UN Global Compact: Limited Business Demand or Domestic Governance Failure? [REVIEW]Jette Steen Knudsen - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):331-349.
    While a substantial amount of the literature describes corporate benefits of corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, the literature is silent concerning why some companies announce CSR initiatives, yet fail to implement them. The article examines company delistings from the UN Global Compact. Delistings are surprising because the CSR agenda is seen as having won the battle of ideas. The analysis proceeds in two parts. I first analyze firm-level characteristics focusing on geography while controlling for sector and size; I find that (...)
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  23.  61
    Subjectivity as an Unlimited Semiosis: Lacan and Peirce.Birgit Nordtug - 2004 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (2/3):87-102.
    The discussion on subjectivity isbased on the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan'sunderstanding of subjectivity as constructed inand through language, and the philosopherCharles Sanders Peirce's general ideas ofsignifying construction as an unlimitedsign-exchanging process – the idea of theunlimited semiosis. The article advocatescombining Lacanian subjectivity and Peirceansemiosis in a model of the formal structure ofthe semiosis of Lacanian subjectivity. In thelight of this model the article claims thatLacanian subjectivity opens to a process ofsubjectivization within the semiosis ofsubjectivity, whereby that which is other ismade our (...)
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  24.  37
    Bildung Bei Hegel – Entfremdung Oder Versöhnung?Birgit Sandkaulen - 2014 - Hegel-Jahrbuch 2014 (1).
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  25.  57
    Changing Frames in Buddhist Thought: The Concept of Ākāra in Abhidharma and in Buddhist Epistemological Analysis. [REVIEW]Birgit Kellner - 2014 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 42 (2-3):275-295.
    It has been argued that the use of the concept of ākāra—a mental “form,” “appearance” or “aspect”—in Buddhist epistemological analysis or pramāṇa exhibits continuities with earlier Buddhist thinking about mental processes, in particular in Abhidharma. A detailed inquiry into uses of the term ākāra in pertinent contexts in Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośabhāṣya brings to light different semantic nuances and functions of this term. The characteristic use of ākāra in Buddhist epistemological discourse turns out to be continuous with only some of the nuances (...)
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  26.  56
    Information, Complexity and Generative Replication.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):47-65.
    The established definition of replication in terms of the conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer is very broad. We draw inspiration from the literature on self-reproducing automata to strengthen the notion of information transfer in replication processes. To the triple conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer, we add a fourth condition that defines a “generative replicator” as a conditional generative mechanism, which can turn input signals from an environment into developmental instructions. Generative replication must have the potential to (...)
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  27.  8
    Islamic Medical Ethics in the Twentieth Century.Birgit Krawietz & Vardit Rispler-Chaim - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):486.
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  28.  41
    Ākāra in Buddhist Philosophical and Soteriological Analysis: Introduction.Birgit Kellner & Sara McClintock - 2014 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 42 (4):427-432.
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  29.  7
    Wie aus Umweltforschung die genetische Pränataldiagnostik entstand: Über eine Methodenverschiebung in der Vorsorge um 1970.Fabian Zimmer & Birgit Nemec - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (1):39-78.
    ZusammenfassungDie Geschichte der genetischen Pränataldiagnostik ist bislang als Teil der Geschichte der Humangenetik und deren Neuorientierung als klinisch-laborwissenschaftliche Disziplin in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts betrachtet worden. Anhand neuen Quellenmaterials soll in diesem Beitrag gezeigt werden, dass das Interesse an der Pränataldiagnostik in Westdeutschland auch im Kontext von Forschungen entstand, die sich mit Gefahren für den Menschen in der Umwelt befassten. Anhand der Debatten um die Einrichtung des DFG-Schwerpunktprogramms „Pränatale Diagnostik genetischer Defekte“ 1970 untersuchen wir, wie die Technik der (...)
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  30.  11
    Entangled Trees and Arboreal Networks of Sensitive Environments.Birgit Schneider - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 9 (1):107-126.
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  31.  16
    Fürwahrhalten Ohne Gründe. Eine Provokation Philosophischen Denkens.Birgit Sandkaulen - 2009 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 57 (2):259-272.
    Still today, and especially today, the question about the relation between faith and knowledge provokes first and foremost religious associations. That this indicates an abridgement of the practice of belief is shown in the case of Jacobi, who definitively shaped the intellectual de-bates at the real beginning of the modern era. Against the still prevailing fideistic misunder-standings of his position, the provocation of a concept of belief is discussed which adheres neither to the belief in revelation nor to the model (...)
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  32.  2
    Postcolonial Literatures and Deleuze: Colonial Pasts, Differential Futures.Birgit Mara Kaiser & Lorna Burns (eds.) - 2012 - London: Palgrave.
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  33.  31
    Good is Up—Spatial Metaphors in Action Observation.Janna M. Gottwald, Birgit Elsner & Olga Pollatos - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  34.  1
    Agency Without Actors?: New Approaches to Collective Action.Jan-Hendrik Passoth, Birgit Maria Peuker & Michael W. J. Schillmeier (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Agency without Actors? New Approaches to collective Actionis rethinking a key issue in social theory and research: the question of agency. The history of sociological thought is deeply intertwined with the discourse of human agency as an effect of social relations. In most recent discussions the role of non-humans gains a substantial impact. Consequently the book asks: Are nonhumans active, do they have agency? And if so: how and in what different ways? The volume offers a critical state-of-the-art debate of (...)
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  35.  28
    The Growth of Private Regulation of Labor Standards in Global Supply Chains: Mission Impossible for Western Small- and Medium-Sized Firms? [REVIEW]Jette Steen Knudsen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):387-398.
    Multinational corporations (MNCs) have come under pressure to adopt private regulatory initiatives such as supplier codes of conduct in order to address poor working conditions in global supply chain factories. While a well-known literature explores drivers and outcomes of such monitoring schemes, this literature focuses mainly on large firms and has ignored the growing integration of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) into global supply chains. Furthermore, the literature on corporate social responsibility (CSR) in SMEs primarily emphasizes domestic initiatives and not (...)
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  36. Brain Death and Islamic Traditions.Birgit Krawietz - 2003 - In Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.), Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press. pp. 194--213.
  37.  94
    Culture‐Bound Problems in Subtitling.Birgit Nedergaard‐Larsen - 1993 - Perspectives 1 (2):207-240.
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  38.  11
    Changes in Positron Annihilation Characteristics in Molybdenum Induced by Neutron Irradiation.Kurt Petersen, Mads Knudsen & R. M. J. Cotterill - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 32 (2):417-426.
  39.  20
    Mandatory Non-Financial Disclosure and Its Influence on CSR: An International Comparison.Gregory Jackson, Julia Bartosch, Emma Avetisyan, Daniel Kinderman & Jette Steen Knudsen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (2):323-342.
    The article examines the effects of non-financial disclosure on corporate social responsibility. We conceptualise trade-offs between two ideal types in relation to CSR. Whereas self-regulation is associated with greater flexibility for businesses to develop best practices, it can also lead to complacency if firms feel no external pressure to engage with CSR. In contrast, government regulation is associated with greater stringency around minimum standards, but can also result in rigidity owing to a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach. Given these potential trade-offs, we ask (...)
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  40.  50
    Acquisition, Representation, and Control of Action.Bernhard Hommel & Birgit Elsner - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press. pp. 371--398.
  41.  5
    Is It Me or You?—How Reactions to Abusive Supervision Are Shaped by Leader Behavior and Follower Perceptions.Birgit Schyns, Jörg Felfe & Jan Schilling - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42.  29
    Generalized Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics: From Ontology to Theory.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (4):326-337.
    Despite growing interest in evolutionary economics since the 1980s, a unified theoretical approach has so far been lacking. Methodological and ontological discussions within evolutionary economics have attempted to understand and help rectify this failure, but have revealed in turn further differences of perspective. One aim of this article is to show how different approaches relate to different levels of abstraction. A second purpose is to show that generalized Darwinism is some way from the most abstract level, and illustrates how it (...)
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  43.  19
    Integrating Negative Knowledge Into PramānMa Theory: The Development of the Drśyânupalabdhi Dharmaki¯ Rti's Earlier Works.Birgit Kellner - 2003 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 31 (1-3):121-159.
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  44.  24
    Realism in Dynamic, Static-Sequential, and Static-Simultaneous Visualizations During Knowledge Acquisition on Locomotion Patterns.Birgit Imhof, Katharina Scheiter & Peter Gerjets - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2962--2967.
  45.  3
    Ethics in Studies on Children and Environmental Health.D. F. Merlo, L. E. Knudsen, K. Matusiewicz, L. Niebrój & K. H. Vähäkangas - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (7):408-413.
    Children, because of age-related reasons, are a vulnerable population, and protecting their health is a social, scientific and emotional priority. The increased susceptibility of children and fetuses to environmental agents has been widely discussed by the scientific community. Children may experience different levels of chemical exposure than adults, and their sensitivity to chemical toxicities may be increased or decreased in comparison with adults. Such considerations also apply to unborn and newborn children. Therefore, research on children is necessary in both clinical (...)
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  46.  9
    Negation €“ Failure or Success? Remarks on an Allegedly Characteristic Trait of DharmakÄ«Rti's Anupalabdhi- Theory.Birgit Kellner - 2001 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 29 (5/6):495-517.
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  47. Changing the Definition of Education. On Kant’s Educational Paradox Between Freedom and Restraint.Birgit Schaffar - 2014 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):5-21.
    Ever since Kant asked: “How am I to develop the sense of freedom in spite of the restraint?” in his lecture on education, the tension between necessary educational influence and unacceptable restriction of the child’s individual development and freedom has been considered an educational paradox. Many have suggested solutions to the paradox; however, this article endorses recent discussions in educational philosophy that pursue the need to fundamentally rethink our understanding of education and upbringing. In this article it is argued that (...)
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  48.  8
    The Link Between 'Determination' and Conservation of Motion in Descartes' Dynamics.Ole Knudsen & Kurt Møller Pedersen - 1969 - Centaurus 13 (2):183-186.
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  49.  30
    Ethics in Studies on Children and Environmental Health.D. F. Merlo, L. E. Knudsen, K. Matusiewicz, L. Niebroj & K. H. Vahakangas - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (7):408-413.
    Children, because of age-related reasons, are a vulnerable population, and protecting their health is a social, scientific and emotional priority. The increased susceptibility of children and fetuses to environmental agents has been widely discussed by the scientific community. Children may experience different levels of chemical exposure than adults, and their sensitivity to chemical toxicities may be increased or decreased in comparison with adults. Such considerations also apply to unborn and newborn children. Therefore, research on children is necessary in both clinical (...)
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  50.  7
    Mimicking Schizophrenia: Reducing P300b by Minimally Fragmenting Healthy Participants’ Selves Using Immersive Virtual Reality Embodiment.Bernhard Spanlang, Birgit Nierula, Maud Haffar & J. Bruno Debruille - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
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