Results for 'Bj��rn K��re Myskja'

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  1.  21
    Conscientious Objection to Intentional Killing: An Argument for Toleration.Bjørn K. Myskja & Morten Magelssen - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):82.
    In the debate on conscientious objection in healthcare, proponents of conscience rights often point to the imperative to protect the health professional’s moral integrity. Their opponents hold that the moral integrity argument alone can at most justify accommodation of conscientious objectors as a “moral courtesy”, as the argument is insufficient to establish a general moral right to accommodation, let alone a legal right. This text draws on political philosophy in order to argue for a legal right to accommodation. The moral (...)
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  2. The Categorical Imperative and the Ethics of Trust.Bjørn K. Myskja - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (4):213-220.
    Trust can be understood as a precondition for a well-functioning society or as a way to handle complexities of living in a risk society, but also as a fundamental aspect of human morality. Interactions on the Internet pose some new challenges to issues of trust, especially connected to disembodiedness. Mistrust may be an important obstacle to Internet use, which is problematic as the Internet becomes a significant arena for political, social and commercial activities necessary for full participation in a liberal (...)
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  3.  5
    Personalized Medicine, Digital Technology and Trust: A Kantian Account.Bjørn K. Myskja & Kristin S. Steinsbekk - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (4):577-587.
    Trust relations in the health services have changed from asymmetrical paternalism to symmetrical autonomy-based participation, according to a common account. The promises of personalized medicine emphasizing empowerment of the individual through active participation in managing her health, disease and well-being, is characteristic of symmetrical trust. In the influential Kantian account of autonomy, active participation in management of own health is not only an opportunity, but an obligation. Personalized medicine is made possible by the digitalization of medicine with an ensuing increased (...)
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  4.  50
    “The Moral Difference Between Intragenic and Transgenic Modification of Plants”.Bjørn K. Myskja - 2006 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (3):225-238.
    Public policy on the development and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has mainly been concerned with defining proper strategies of risk management. However, surveys and focus group interviews show that although lay people are concerned with risks, they also emphasize that genetic modification is ethically questionable in itself. Many people feel that this technology “tampers with nature” in an unacceptable manner. This is often identified as an objection to the crossing of species borders in producing transgenic organisms. Most scientists (...)
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  5.  16
    Rationality and Religion in the Public Debate on Embryo Stem Cell Research and Prenatal Diagnostics.Bjørn K. Myskja - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):213-224.
    Jürgen Habermas has argued that religious views form a legitimate background for contributions to an open public debate, and that religion plays a particular role in formulating moral intuitions. Translating religious arguments into “generally accessible language” (Habermas, Eur J Philos 14(1):1–25, 2006) to enable them to play a role in political decisions is a common task for religious and non-religious citizens. The article discusses Habermas’ view, questioning the particular role of religion, but accepting the significance of including such counter-voices to (...)
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  6.  32
    Trustworthy Nanotechnology: Risk, Engagement and Responsibility. [REVIEW]Bjørn K. Myskja - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):49-56.
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  7.  15
    Precaution or Integrated Responsibility Approach to Nanovaccines in Fish Farming? A Critical Appraisal of the UNESCO Precautionary Principle.Anne Ingeborg Myhr & Bjørn K. Myskja - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (1):73-86.
    Nanoparticles have multifaceted advantages in drug administration as vaccine delivery and hence hold promises for improving protection of farmed fish against diseases caused by pathogens. However, there are concerns that the benefits associated with distribution of nanoparticles may also be accompanied with risks to the environment and health. The complexity of the natural and social systems involved implies that the information acquired in quantified risk assessments may be inadequate for evidence-based decisions. One controversial strategy for dealing with this kind of (...)
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  8.  18
    Appreciation Through Use: How Industrial Technology Articulates an Ecology of Values Around Norwegian Seaweed.Sophia Efstathiou & Bjørn K. Myskja - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology:1-20.
    This paper offers a moral history of the industrialisation of seaweed harvesting in Norway. Industrialisation is often seen as degrading natural resources. Ironically, we argue, it is precisely the scale and scope of industrial utilisation that may enable non-instrumental valuations of natural resources. We use the history of the Norwegian seaweed industry to make this point. Seaweed became increasingly interesting to harvest as a fruit and then as a crop of the sea in the early twentieth century following biochemical applications (...)
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  9. Kant, Here, Now, and How: Essays in Honour of Truls Wyller.Truls Wyller, Siri Granum Carson, Jonathan Knowles & Bjørn K. Myskja (eds.) - 2011 - Mentis.
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  10. Kant: Here, Now, and How.Siri Granum Carson, Jonathan Knowles & Bjørn K. Myskja (eds.) - 2011 - Mentis.
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  11.  12
    Non-safety Assessments of Genome-Edited Organisms: Should They be Included in Regulation?Bjørn Kåre Myskja & Anne Ingeborg Myhr - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2601-2627.
    This article presents and evaluates arguments supporting that an approval procedure for genome-edited organisms for food or feed should include a broad assessment of societal, ethical and environmental concerns; so-called non-safety assessment. The core of analysis is the requirement of the Norwegian Gene Technology Act that the sustainability, ethical and societal impacts of a genetically modified organism should be assessed prior to regulatory approval of the novel products. The article gives an overview how this requirement has been implemented in the (...)
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  12. Trust, Lies and Virtuality.Bjørn Myskja - 2011 - In Charles Ess & May Thorseth (eds.), Trust and Virtual Worlds. Peter Lang. pp. 120--136.
     
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  13.  20
    Think Global, Buy National: CSR, Cooperatives and Consumer Concerns in the Norwegian Food Value Chain.Lars Ursin, Bjørn Kåre Myskja & Siri Granum Carson - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):387-405.
    In a world where issues of food safety and food security are increasingly important, the social responsibility of central actors in the food chain—producers and the main grocery chains—becomes more pressing. As a response, these actors move from implicitly assuming social responsibilities implied in laws, regulations and ethical customs, towards explicitly expressing social responsibilities. In this paper, we discuss the ethical values relevant for the social responsibility of central food producers and retailers in Norway, one of the most subsidized and (...)
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  14.  8
    Form of Purposiveness.Bjørn Myskja - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 425-433.
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  15. Autopoiesis og teleologiske dommer i biologi.Bjørn Myskja - 2003 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 38 (1-02):87-100.
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  16.  6
    Appreciation Through Use: How Industrial Technology Articulates an Ecology of Values Around Norwegian Seaweed.Bjørn Myskja & Sophia Efstathiou - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (3):405-424.
    This paper offers a moral history of the industrialisation of seaweed harvesting in Norway. Industrialisation is often seen as degrading natural resources. Ironically, we argue, it is precisely the scale and scope of industrial utilisation that may enable non-instrumental valuations of natural resources. We use the history of the Norwegian seaweed industry to make this point. Seaweed became increasingly interesting to harvest as a fruit and then as a crop of the sea in the early twentieth century following biochemical applications (...)
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  17.  14
    Kultur, privatliv og offentlighet: Religionens plass i det sekulariserte samfunnet.Bjørn Myskja, Rune Nydal & Berge Solberg - 2009 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (1).
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  18.  12
    Leder.Bjørn Myskja, Rune Nydal & Berge Solberg - 2007 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1).
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  19.  9
    Mat – teknologi, sikkerhet og rettferdighet.Bjørn Myskja, Rune Nydal & Berge Solberg - 2013 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 7 (1).
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  20.  27
    Acceptable Attitudes and the Limits of Tolerance: Understanding Public Attitudes to Conscientious Objection in Healthcare.Astrid Haaland Barlaup, Åse Elise Landsverk, Bjørn Kåre Myskja, Magne Supphellen & Morten Magelssen - 2019 - Clinical Ethics 14 (3):115-121.
    BackgroundThe public’s attitudes to conscientious objection are likely to influence political decisions about CO and trust towards healthcare systems and providers. Few studies examine the pub...
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  21.  12
    We Have Never Been ELSI Researchers – There is No Need for a Post-ELSI Shift.Anne Ingeborg Myhr, Rune Nydal & Bjørn Kåre Myskja - 2014 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 10 (1):1-17.
    This article criticizes recent suggestions that the current ELSI research field should accommodate a new direction towards a ‘post-ELSI’ agenda. Post-ELSI research seeks to avoid the modernist division of responsibility for technical and social issues said to characterize ELSI research. Collaboration and integration are consequently the key terms of post-ELSI strategies that are to distinguish it from ELSI strategies. We argue that this call for a new direction relies on an inadequate generalized analysis of ELSI research as modern that will (...)
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  22.  9
    Idrettens etikk.Berge Solberg, Bjørn Myskja & Rune Nydal - 2010 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 4 (1).
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  23.  12
    Teknologisk fravalg og tilvalg av fremtidig syke og funksjonshemmede.Berge Solberg, Bjørn Myskja & Rune Nydal - 2008 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (1).
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  24.  10
    Kriser og etikk.Rune Nydal, Bjørn Myskja & Berge Solberg - 2009 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (2).
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  25.  9
    Nanoetikk Og Annen Positiv Etikk.Rune Nydal, Bjørn Myskja & Berge Solberg - 2008 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2).
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  26.  6
    Filosofiens rolle i det offentlige ordskifte.Bjørn Hofmann & Siri Granum Carson - 2018 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2:87-103.
    _Filosofi og etikk har fått en stadig større plass i det offentlige rom i Norge. 2017 ble et år der filosofer sørget for overskrifter i en rekke norske medier. En av sakene som fikk størst oppmerksomhet, var debatten om sorteringssamfunnet og Aksel Braanen Sterris påstand om at personer med Downs syndrom ikke kan leve fullverdige liv. Utsagnet skapte en voldsom debatt og kraftige reaksjoner. Temaet for debatten er interessant i seg selv, men den reiser også spørsmål om hvordan slike debatter (...)
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  27.  57
    The Myth of Technology in Health Care.Bjørn Hofmann - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (1):17-29.
    Technology is believed to have liberated health care from dogmas, myths and speculations of earlier times. However, we are accused of using technology in an excessive, futile and even detrimental way, as if technology is compelling our actions. It appears to be like the monster threatening Dr. Frankenstein or like the socerer’s broom in the hand of the apprentice. That is, the same technology that should liberate us from myths, appears to be mythical. The objective of this article is to (...)
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  28.  40
    Are Wooden Tables Necessarily Wooden?: Intensional Essentialism Versus Metaphysical Modality.Bjørn Jespersen & Pavel Materna - 2002 - Acta Analytica 17 (1):115-150.
    This paper defendsintensional essentialism: a property (intensional entity) is not essential relative to an individual (extensional entity), but relative to other properties (or intensional entities). Consequently, an individual can have a property only accidentally, but in virtue of having that property the individual has of necessity other properties. Intensional essentialism is opposed to various aspects of the Kripkean notion of metaphysical modality, eg, varying domains, existence as a property of individuals, and its category of properties which are both empirical and (...)
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  29.  8
    Profesjonsetiske utfordringer.Berge Solberg, Rune Nydal & Bjørn Myskja - 2011 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 5 (2).
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  30.  88
    Transparent Quantification Into Hyperpropositional Contexts de Re.Duží Marie & Bjørn Jespersen - 2012 - Logique & Analyse 55 (220):513-554.
    This paper is the twin of (Duží and Jespersen, in submission), which provides a logical rule for transparent quantification into hyperprop- ositional contexts de dicto, as in: Mary believes that the Evening Star is a planet; therefore, there is a concept c such that Mary be- lieves that what c conceptualizes is a planet. Here we provide two logical rules for transparent quantification into hyperpropositional contexts de re. (As a by-product, we also offer rules for possible- world propositional contexts.) One (...)
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  31. Hvem er befrieren? Idealisme og realisme – Perspektiver på Platons hulelignelse hos Løgstrup og Heidegger.Bjørn Rabjerg - 2018 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 76:151-165.
    WHO IS THE LIBERATOR? IDEALISM AND REALISM - PERSPECTIVES ON PLATO'S ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE IN LØGSTRUP AND HEIDEGGERWhen Danish theologian and philosopher K E. Løgstrup followed Heidegger’s lectures On theEssence of Truth in 1933-34, he encountered an interpretation of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave that influenced his view on the dangers of idealism, thus shaping what became a central theme in his works, the importance of realism and to focus on what is concrete. This article explores two main areas: (...)
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  32.  10
    Mangfold Og Felles Utfordringer I Anvendt Etikk.Rune Nydal, Berge Solberg & Bjørn Myskja - 2012 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 6 (1).
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  33.  37
    Superhighness.Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen & Andrée Nies - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (4):445-452.
    We prove that superhigh sets can be jump traceable, answering a question of Cole and Simpson. On the other hand, we show that such sets cannot be weakly 2-random. We also study the class $superhigh^\diamond$ and show that it contains some, but not all, of the noncomputable K-trivial sets.
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  34.  25
    Points of View From a Logical Perspective I.Duží Marie, Jespersen Bjørn & Materna Pavel - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (3):277-305.
    In the paper we offer a logical explication of the frequently used, but rather vague, notion of point of view. We show that the concept of point of view prevents certain paradoxes from arising. A point of view is a means of partial characterisation of something. Thus nothing is a P and at the same time a non-P, because it is a P only relative to some point of view and a non-P from another point of view. But there is (...)
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  35. Points of View from a Logical Perspective.Marie Duží, Pavel Materna & Bjørn Jespersen - 2007 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 14 (1):5-31.
    In the paper we offer a logical explication of the frequently used, but rather vague, notion of point of view. We show that the concept of point of view prevents certain paradoxes from arising. A point of view is a means of partial characterisation of something. Thus nothing is a P and at the same time a non-P, because it is a P only relative to some point of view and a non-P from another point of view. But there is (...)
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  36. Points of View From a Logical Perspective.Marie Duží, Pavel Materna & Bjørn Jespersen - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (3):277-305.
    In the paper we offer a logical explication of the frequently used, but rather vague, notion of point of view. We show that the concept of point of view prevents certain paradoxes from arising. A point of view is a means of partial characterisation of something. Thus nothing is a P and at the same time a non-P , because it is a P only relative to some point of view and a non-P from another point of view. But there (...)
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  37. Cognitive Performance in Early-Onset Schizophrenia and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A 25-Year Follow-Up Study.Merete G. Øie, Kjetil Sundet, Elisabeth Haug, Pål Zeiner, Ole Klungsøyr & Bjørn R. Rund - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Early-Onset Schizophrenia and Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder are early- onset neurodevelopmental disorders associated with cognitive deficits. The current study represents the first attempt to compare these groups on a comprehensive cognitive test battery in a longitudinal design over 25 years in order to enhance our knowledge of particular patterns resulting from the interaction between normal maturational processes and different illness processes of these disorders. In the baseline study, 19 adolescents with schizophrenia were compared to 20 adolescents with ADHD and 30 healthy (...)
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  38.  2
    Bjørn Rabjerg, Robert Stern: On Knud E. Løgstrup’s “Humanism and Christianity”.Robert Stern & Bjørn Rabjerg - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (1):97-107.
    Dieser Beitrag bietet eine umfassende Diskussion des Textes “Humanismus und Christentum” des dänischen Philosophen und Theologen Knud E. Løgstrup. Er verortet den Text in seinem geistesgeschichtlichen Kontext und analysiert seine wichtigsten Argumente wie auch seine zentrale These, der zufolge Humanismus und Christentum einen entscheidenden Grundsatz teilen, insofern beide die Ethik als “stumm“ oder “unausgesprochen“ verstehen. Darüber hinaus wird dargelegt, wie Løgstrups Text zentrale Überlegungen in dessen späteren Publikationen, besonders in dem Hauptwerk Die ethische Forderung, vorwegnimmt.
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  39.  21
    Verbal Hallucinations and Information Processing.Bjørn Rishovd Rund - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):531-532.
  40.  2
    Donald Davidson's Philosophy of Language: An Introduction.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 1989 - Blackwell.
    This book is an introduction to and interpretation of the philosophy of language devised by Donald Davidson over the past 25 years. The guiding intuition is that Davidson's work is best understood as an ongoing attempt to purge semantics of theoretical reifications. Seen in this light the recent attack on the notion of language itself emerges as a natural development of his Quinian scepticism towards "meanings" and his rejections of reference-based semantic theories. Linguistic understanding is, for Davidson, essentially dynamic, arising (...)
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  41.  43
    Hermeneutics.Bjørn Ramberg - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  42. Post-Ontological Philosophy of Mind: Rorty Versus Davidson.Bjørn Ramberg - 2000 - In Robert Brandom (ed.), Rorty and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 9--351.
  43. Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks, Volume 6: Journals Nb11 - Nb14.Bruce H. Kirmmse, K. Brian Söderquist, Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, David Kangas, George Pattison, Joel D. S. Rasmussen & Vanessa Rumble (eds.) - 2013 - Princeton University Press.
    For over a century, the Danish thinker Søren Kierkegaard has been at the center of a number of important discussions, concerning not only philosophy and theology, but also, more recently, fields such as social thought, psychology, and contemporary aesthetics, especially literary theory. Despite his relatively short life, Kierkegaard was an extraordinarily prolific writer, as attested to by the 26-volume Princeton University Press edition of all of his published writings. But Kierkegaard left behind nearly as much unpublished writing, most of which (...)
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  44.  70
    Limits to human enhancement: nature, disease, therapy or betterment?Bjørn Hofmann - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):56.
    New technologies facilitate the enhancement of a wide range of human dispositions, capacities, or abilities. While it is argued that we need to set limits to human enhancement, it is unclear where we should find resources to set such limits. Traditional routes for setting limits, such as referring to nature, the therapy-enhancement distinction, and the health-disease distinction, turn out to have some shortcomings. However, upon closer scrutiny the concept of enhancement is based on vague conceptions of what is to be (...)
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  45.  27
    Human Enhancement: Enhancing Health or Harnessing Happiness?Bjørn Hofmann - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (1):87-98.
    Human enhancement is ontologically, epistemologically, and ethically challenging and has stirred a wide range of scholarly and public debates. This article focuses on some conceptual issues with HE that have important ethical implications. In particular it scrutinizes how the concept of human enhancement relates to and challenges the concept of health. In order to do so, it addresses three specific questions: Q1. What do conceptions of HE say about health? Q2. Does HE challenge traditional conceptions of health? Q3. Do concepts (...)
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  46.  40
    Anatomy of a Proposition.Bjørn Jespersen - 2019 - Synthese 196 (4):1285-1324.
    This paper addresses the mereological problem of the unity of structured propositions. The problem is how to make multiple parts interact such that they form a whole that is ultimately related to truth and falsity. The solution I propose is based on a Platonist variant of procedural semantics. I think of procedures as abstract entities that detail a logical path from input to output. Procedures are modeled on a function/argument logic, but are not functions. Instead they are higher-order, fine-grained structures. (...)
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  47.  26
    Medicalization and Overdiagnosis: Different but Alike.Bjørn Hofmann - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):253-264.
    Medicalization is frequently defined as a process by which some non-medical aspects of human life become to be considered as medical problems. Overdiagnosis, on the other hand, is most often defined as diagnosing a biomedical condition that in the absence of testing would not cause symptoms or death in the person’s lifetime. Medicalization and overdiagnosis are related concepts as both expand the extension of the concept of disease. They are both often used normatively to critique unwarranted or contested expansion of (...)
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  48. Disagreement and the Division of Epistemic Labor.Bjørn G. Hallsson & Klemens Kappel - 2020 - Synthese 197 (7):2823-2847.
    In this article we discuss what we call the deliberative division of epistemic labor. We present evidence that the human tendency to engage in motivated reasoning in defense of our beliefs can facilitate the occurrence of divisions of epistemic labor in deliberations among people who disagree. We further present evidence that these divisions of epistemic labor tend to promote beliefs that are better supported by the evidence. We show that promotion of these epistemic benefits stands in tension with what extant (...)
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  49.  34
    Irony’s Commitment: Rorty’s Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity.Bjørn Torgrim Ramberg - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (2):144-162.
    With Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity Richard Rorty tries to persuade us that a case for liberalism is better served by historical narrative than by philosophical theory. The liberal ironist is the complex protagonist of Rorty’s anti-foundationalist story. Why does Rorty think irony serves—rather than undermines—commitments to liberal democracy? I distinguish political from existential dimensions of irony, consider criticisms of Rorty’s ironist, and then draw on recent work by Lear to argue that Rorty’s ironist character nevertheless can be recast as an (...)
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  50.  70
    The Epistemic Significance of Political Disagreement.Bjørn Hallsson - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (8):2187-2202.
    The degree of doxastic revision required in response to evidence of disagreement is typically thought to be a function of our beliefs about (1) our interlocutor’s familiarity with the relevant evidence and arguments, and their intellectual capacities and virtues, relative to our own, or (2) the expected probability of our interlocutor being correct, conditional on our disagreeing. While these two factors are typically used interchangeably, I show that they have an inverse correlation in cases of disagreement about politically divisive propositions. (...)
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