Results for 'Bj��rn Meder'

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  1. Bjørn Qviller in Memorian.Drude von der Fehr, Bjørn Thommessen, Eli Moen & Tore Jørgen Hanisch - 2004 - Agora 22 (4):196-208.
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  2.  2
    Bjørn Rabjerg, Robert Stern: On Knud E. Løgstrup’s “Humanism and Christianity”.Robert Stern & Bjørn Rabjerg - 2019 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 26 (1):97-107.
    Dieser Beitrag bietet eine umfassende Diskussion des Textes “Humanismus und Christentum” des dänischen Philosophen und Theologen Knud E. Løgstrup. Er verortet den Text in seinem geistesgeschichtlichen Kontext und analysiert seine wichtigsten Argumente wie auch seine zentrale These, der zufolge Humanismus und Christentum einen entscheidenden Grundsatz teilen, insofern beide die Ethik als “stumm“ oder “unausgesprochen“ verstehen. Darüber hinaus wird dargelegt, wie Løgstrups Text zentrale Überlegungen in dessen späteren Publikationen, besonders in dem Hauptwerk Die ethische Forderung, vorwegnimmt.
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  3.  28
    Arguing Critical Realism: The Case of Economics.Bjørn-Ivar Davidsen - 2005 - Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2):291-314.
    Within the discipline of economics critical realism has thus far been advocated to a large extent through a sustained critique of the position of mainstream economics. This article questions these critical endeavours for their analytical shortcomings and suggests an alternative and more constructive approach for developing and arguing critical realism within economics. It is argued that the critique of mainstream economics is wanting due to the fact that it focuses on modes of inference rather than on questions of ontology and (...)
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  4. Trust, Lies and Virtuality.Bjørn Myskja - 2011 - In Charles Ess & May Thorseth (eds.), Trust and Virtual Worlds. Peter Lang. pp. 120--136.
     
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  5.  56
    Transparent Quantification Into Hyperintensional Objectual Attitudes.Bjørn Jespersen & Marie Duží - 2015 - Synthese 192 (3):635-677.
    We demonstrate how to validly quantify into hyperintensional contexts involving non-propositional attitudes like seeking, solving, calculating, worshipping, and wanting to become. We describe and apply a typed extensional logic of hyperintensions that preserves compositionality of meaning, referential transparency and substitutivity of identicals also in hyperintensional attitude contexts. We specify and prove rules for quantifying into hyperintensional contexts. These rules presuppose a rigorous method for substituting variables into hyperintensional contexts, and the method will be described. We prove the following. First, it (...)
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  6.  26
    Fairness, Fast and Slow: A Review of Dual Process Models of Fairness.Bjørn Hallsson, Hartwig R. Siebner & Oliver J. Hulme - 2018 - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 89:49-60.
    Fairness, the notion that people deserve or have rights to certain resources or kinds of treatment, is a fundamental dimension of moral cognition. Drawing on recent evidence from economics, psychology, and neuroscience, we ask whether self-interest is always intuitive, requiring self-control to override with reasoning-based fairness concerns, or whether fairness itself can be intuitive. While we find strong support for rejecting the notion that self-interest is always intuitive, the literature has reached conflicting conclusions about the neurocognitive systems underpinning fairness. We (...)
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  7.  13
    Anmeldelse af Axel Honneths Das Recht der Freiheit - Grundriss einer demokratischen Sittlichkeit.Bjørn Christensen - 2016 - Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi 5 (1):97-103.
  8.  4
    Lori Gruen, Ed. Critical Terms for Animal Studies.Bjørn Kristensen - 2021 - Environmental Ethics 43 (3):285-286.
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  9.  12
    T. J. Kasperbauer: Subhuman: The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals. [REVIEW]Bjørn Kristensen - 2019 - Environmental Ethics 41 (1):93-94.
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  10.  17
    Forensic Uses and Misuses of DNA: A Case Report From Norway.Bjørn Hofmann - 2006 - Genomics, Society and Policy 2 (1):129-131.
    New technology generates fantastic possibilities which challenge traditional distinctions between good and bad. Genetic analysis of DNA for forensic purposes is but one example of this. Here society’s need for convicting criminals can conflict with the same society’s need to assure the confidentiality of information about its members and their trust in its institutions. In order to illustrate the complexity of such challenges, a case report from Norway is presented. The point is to reflect on the way we handle trailblazing (...)
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  11.  3
    Complexity of the Concept of Disease As Shown Through Rival Theoretical Frameworks.Bjørn Hofmann - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics: Philosophy of Medical Research and Practice 22 (3):211-236.
    The concept of disease has been the subject of a vast, vivid and versatile debate. Categories, such as "realist", "nominalist", "ontologist", "physiologist", "normativist" and "descriptivist", have been applied to classify disease concepts. These categories refer to underlying theoretical frameworks of the debate. The objective of this review is to analyze these frameworks. It is argued that the categories applied in the debate refer to profound philosophical issues, and that the complexity of the debate reflects the complexity of the concept itself: (...)
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  12.  5
    Simplified Models of the Relationship Between Health and Disease.Bjørn Hofmann - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics: Philosophy of Medical Research and Practice 26 (5):355-377.
    This article investigates health care professionals' concepts of health and disease and the relationship between them. In order to do so, four different models are described and analyzed: the ideal model, the holistic model, the medical model and the disjunctive model. The analysis reveals that each model has its pros and cons, and that health care professionals appear to apply more than one models. Furthermore, the models and the way health care professionals' use them may be helpful for scholars in (...)
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  13.  9
    On the Triad Disease, Illness and Sickness.Bj⊘ rn Hofmann - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (6):651-673.
  14.  14
    Incidental Findings of Uncertain Significance: To Know or Not to Know - That is Not the Question.Bjørn Hofmann - forthcoming - Most Recent Articles: Bmc Medical Ethics.
    Although the “right not to know” is well established in international regulations, it has been heavily debated. Ubiquitous results from extended exome and genome analysis have challenged the right not to know...
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  15.  5
    The Overdiagnosis of What? On the Relationship Between the Concepts of Overdiagnosis, Disease, and Diagnosis.Bjørn Hofmann - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy: A European Journal 20 (4):453-464.
    Overdiagnosis and disease are related concepts. Widened conceptions of disease increase overdiagnosis and vice versa. This is partly because there is a close and complex relationship between disease and overdiagnosis. In order to address the problems with overdiagnosis, we may benefit from a closer understanding this relationship. Accordingly, the objective of this article is to elucidate the relationship between disease and overdiagnosis. To do so, the article starts with scrutinizing how overdiagnosis can explain the expansion of the concept of disease. (...)
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  16.  2
    The Concept of Disease -- Vague, Complex, or Just Indefinable?Bjørn Hofmann - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy: A European Journal 13 (1):3-10.
    The long ongoing and partly heated debate on the concept of disease has not led to any consensus on the status of this apparently essential concept for modern health care. The arguments range from claims that the disease concept is vague, slippery, elusive, or complex, and to statements that the concept is indefinable and unnecessary. The unsettled status of the concept of disease is challenging not only to health care where diagnosing, treating, and curing disease are core aims, but also (...)
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  17.  22
    Bjørn Okholm Skaarup. Anatomy and Anatomists in Early Modern Spain. Xii + 285 Pp., Illus., Figs., Bibl., Index. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015. £70 .Enrique Fernández. Anxieties of Interiority and Dissection in Early Modern Spain. X + 273 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015. $70. [REVIEW]Ana Duarte Rodrigues - 2016 - Isis 107 (2):402-404.
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  18.  23
    Verbal Hallucinations and Information Processing.Bjørn Rishovd Rund - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):531-532.
  19.  11
    On the Ageing of Objects in Modern Culture: Ornament and Crime.Bjørn Schiermer - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (4):127-150.
    The article seeks to develop a new conceptual framework suitable for analysing the ageing processes of objects in modern culture. The basic intuition is that object experience cannot be analysed separately from collective participation. The article focuses on the question of the ‘timeless’ nature of modernist design and seeks to understand why modernist objects age more slowly than other objects. First, inspired by the late Durkheim’s account of symbolism, I turn to the experiential effects of collective embeddedness. Second, I enter (...)
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  20.  48
    Quasi-Objects, Cult Objects and Fashion Objects.Bjørn Schiermer - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (1):81-102.
    This article attempts to rehabilitate the concept of fetishism and to contribute to the debate on the social role of objects as well as to fashion theory. Extrapolating from Michel Serres’ theory of the quasi-objects, I distinguish two phenomenologies possessing almost opposite characteristics. These two phenomenologies are, so I argue, essential to quasi-object theory, yet largely ignored by Serres’ sociological interpreters. They correspond with the two different theories of fetishism found in Marx and Durkheim, respectively. In the second half of (...)
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  21. Hvem er befrieren? Idealisme og realisme – Perspektiver på Platons hulelignelse hos Løgstrup og Heidegger.Bjørn Rabjerg - 2018 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 76:151-165.
    WHO IS THE LIBERATOR? IDEALISM AND REALISM - PERSPECTIVES ON PLATO'S ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE IN LØGSTRUP AND HEIDEGGERWhen Danish theologian and philosopher K E. Løgstrup followed Heidegger’s lectures On theEssence of Truth in 1933-34, he encountered an interpretation of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave that influenced his view on the dangers of idealism, thus shaping what became a central theme in his works, the importance of realism and to focus on what is concrete. This article explores two main areas: (...)
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  22. Richard Rorty.Bjørn Ramberg - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Richard Rorty (1931–2007) developed a distinctive and controversial brand of pragmatism that expressed itself along two main axes. One is negative—a critical diagnosis of what Rorty takes to be defining projects of modern philosophy. The other is positive—an attempt to show what intellectual culture might look like, once we free ourselves from the governing metaphors of mind and knowledge in which the traditional problems of epistemology and metaphysics (and indeed, in Rorty's view, the self-conception of modern philosophy) are rooted. The (...)
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  23. Post-Ontological Philosophy of Mind: Rorty Versus Davidson.Bjørn Ramberg - 2000 - In Robert Brandom (ed.), Rorty and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 9--351.
  24. Language, Mind, and Naturalism in Analytic Philosophy.Bjørn T. Ramberg - 2006 - In John R. Shook & Joseph Margolis (eds.), A Companion to Pragmatism. Blackwell.
     
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  25. Illuminating Language : Interpretation and Understanding in Gadamer and Davidson.Bjørn Torgrim Ramberg - 2003 - In C. G. Prado (ed.), A House Divided: Comparing Analytic and Continental Philosophy. Humanity Books. pp. 567-591.
  26.  50
    Hermeneutics.Bjørn Ramberg - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  27. Dennett's Pragmatism.Bjørn Ramberg - 1999 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 53 (207):61-86.
  28.  38
    The Phone Booth Puzzle.Bjørn Jespersen - 2006 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 13 (4):411-439.
    In a 1997 paper Jennifer Saul adduces various examples of simple sentences in which the substitution of one co-referential singular term for another appears to be invalid. I address the question of whether anti-substitution is logically justified by examining the validity and soundness of substitution of co-referential singular terms in three simple-sentence arguments each exhibiting a different logical structure. The result is twofold. First, all three arguments are valid, provided Leibniz’s Law is valid with respect to simple sentences . Thus, (...)
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  29.  20
    The Non-Italian Pope.Bjørn Jespersen - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19 (1):58-65.
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  30.  28
    Traditionally, I Am Entitled to a Last Meal.Bjørn Jespersen - 2011 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (1):5-13.
    Nunberg maintains that there are cases like “I am traditionally entitled to a last meal”, as uttered by a condemned prisoner facing the firing squad, which suggest that an indexical like ‘I’ does double duty as a vehicle of singular and general reference. I argue against this claim. My position is that the sentence should be factored out into two: “Traditionally, a condemned prisoner is entitled to a last meal” and “I am a condemned prisoner”. Nunberg’s sentence is generated by (...)
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  31. Substitution in Simple Sentences: Validity Versus Soundness.Bjørn Jespersen - 2008 - Epistemologia 31 (2):241-262.
  32. Post-Fregean Thoughts on Propositional Unity.Bjørn Jespersen - 2012 - In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor.
    This note sketches how a theory of procedural semantics may offer a solution to the problem of the unity of the proposition. The current revival of the notion of structured meaning has made the problem of propositional unity pressing. The problem, stated in its simplest form, is how an individual a and a property F combine into the proposition P that a is an F; i.e. how two different kinds of objects combine into a third kind of object capable of (...)
     
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  33. Proper Proper Names.Bjørn Jespersen & Marián Zouhar - 1999 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 6 (2):4-153.
     
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  34. Pavel Materna, Concepts and Objects. Acta Philosophica Fennica, Vol. 63. [REVIEW]Bjørn Jespersen - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22:130-131.
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  35. Pavel Materna, Concepts and Objects. Acta Philosophica Fennica, Vol. 63 Reviewed By.Bjørn Jespersen - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (2):130-131.
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  36. Knowing That P Rather Than Q.Bjørn Jespersen - 2008 - Sorites 20:125-134.
    I offer a two-tiered critique of epistemological contrastivism as developed by Jonathan Schaffer. First, I investigate the cornerstone of contrastivism, the notion of knowing the selected proposition p rather than the eliminated, or contrast, proposition q. Contrastivism imposes the ternicity constraint that the knowledge relation should span a knower and two propositions. However, contrastivism has yet to explain how to square this constraint with the required contrast between the selected and the eliminated propositions, and it is not immediately obvious how (...)
     
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  37. Hyperintensions and Procedural Isomorphism: Alternative (½).Bjørn Jespersen - 2010 - In Tadeusz Czarnecki, Katarzyna Kijanija-Placek, Olga Poller & Jan Wolenski (eds.), The Analytical Way. College Publications. pp. 301--322.
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  38. Detail príspevku/publikácie.Bjørn Jespersen - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19 (1):58-65.
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  39. Anthropology and Social Theory: Renewing Dialogue.Bjørn Thomassen - 2013 - European Journal of Social Theory 16 (2):188-207.
    This article argues that anthropology may represent untapped perspectives of relevance to social theory. The article starts by critically reviewing how anthropology has come to serve as the ‘Other’ in various branches of social theory, from Marx and Durkheim to Parsons to Habermas, engaged in a hopeless project of positing ‘primitive’ or ‘traditional’ society as the opposite of modernity. In contemporary debates, it is becoming increasingly recognized that social theory needs history, back to the axial age and beyond. The possible (...)
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  40.  7
    Gregory Bateson and Eric Voegelin: Silent Dialogues Across the Human Sciences.Bjørn Thomassen - 2017 - History of the Human Sciences 30 (3):86-106.
    This article argues that two important thinkers of the 20th century, Gregory Bateson and Eric Voegelin, developed a set of ideas that are of importance to the history of the human sciences. The article also argues that their ideas are, in essential ways, comparable and display similarities that have not yet been discussed within the larger history of the human sciences. The aim of the article is to show how the diagnostic terms provided by Bateson and Voegelin complement each other (...)
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  41. Liminality and the Modern: Living Through the in-Between.Bjørn Thomassen - 2014 - Routledge.
    Liminality and the Modern offers a comprehensive introduction to this concept, discussing its development and laying out a conceptual and experiential framework for thinking about change in terms of liminality. Applying this framework to questions surrounding the implosion of ‘non-spaces’, the analysis of major historical periods and the study of political revolution, the book also explores its possible uses in social science research and its implications for our understanding of the uncertainty and contingency of the liquid structures of modern society.
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  42.  51
    Reason and Religion in Rawls: Voegelin’s Challenge.Bjørn Thomassen - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (2):237-252.
    This article argues that we must abandon the still predominant view of modernity as based upon a separation between the secular and the religious - a “separation” which is allegedly now brought into question again in “postsecularity”. It is more meaningful to start from the premise that religion and politics have always co-existed in various fields of tension and will continue to do so. The question then concerns the natures and modalities of this tension, and how one can articulate a (...)
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  43.  12
    The role of philosophy and ethics at the edges of medicine.Bjørn Hofmann - 2021 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 16 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundThe edge metaphor is ubiquitous in describing the present situation in the world, and nowhere is this as clearly visible as in medicine. “The edge of medicine” has become the title of books, scholarly articles, media headlines, and lecture series and seems to be imbued with hype, hope, and aversion. In order better to understand what is at stake at “the edge of medicine” this article addresses three questions: What does “the edge of medicine” mean in contemporary debates on modern (...)
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  44.  12
    Transparent Quantification Into Hyperpropositional Attitudes de Dicto.Bjørn Jespersen & Marie Duží - 2022 - Linguistics and Philosophy 45 (5):1119-1164.
    We prove how to validly quantify into hyperpropositional contexts de dicto in Transparent Intensional Logic. Hyperpropositions are sentential meanings and attitude complements individuated more finely than up to logical equivalence. A hyperpropositional context de dicto is a context in which only co-hyperintensional propositions can be validly substituted. A de dicto attitude ascription is one that preserves the attributee’s perspective when one complement is substituted for another. Being an extensional logic of hyperintensions, Transparent Intensional Logic validates all the rules of extensional (...)
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  45.  1
    Det moralske grunnlaget for å vurdere samtykkekompetanse.Bjørn Hofmann - 2007 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1):33-48.
    Hovedregelen for å kunne gi helsehjelp i Norge er at pasienter samtykker. I henhold til pasientrettighetsloven er det helsepersonell som skal avgjøre om pasienter har samtykkekompetanse. Dersom pasienter ikke er samtykkekompetente, kan de behandles mot deres uttrykte ønske. Dette reiser det viktige og vanskelige spørsmålet: På hvilket grunnlag skal helsepersonell vurdere samtykkekompetansen? Det finnes ulike, psykologiske, tester. Disse brukes ikke i Norge, hvor vurderingene i stor grad er basert på skjønn. Denne artikkelen undersøker en del sentrale moralske føringer for hvordan (...)
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  46.  2
    Evidens, estetikk og etikk.Bjørn Hofmann - 2022 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:33-52.
    _Helsevesenet har blitt en sentral samfunnsaktør og medisinen dets førende fag. Hvorfor har det blitt slik? En grunn er at medisinen fører sammen sfærer som ellers har vært adskilt: det sanne, det gode og det skjønne. Medisinen som fag og helsevesenet som institusjon, har blitt et fascinerende skjæringspunkt nettopp mellom evidens, etikk og estetikk. Her kobles kunnskap til det som er vondt og skjønnhet til det som er friskt. Kunnskapsproduksjonen dirigeres ut fra ønsket om å gjøre det gode ved å (...)
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  47.  20
    The Machiavellian Cosmos.Bjørn Qviller - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (8):1383-1404.
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  48. Davidson Og Sjelsvitenskapene.Bjørn Ramberg - 2004 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 39 (1-02):90-104.
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  49. Donald Davidson.Bjørn Ramberg - 2004 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 39 (1-02):7-8.
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  50.  36
    Charity and Ideology: The Field Linguist as Social Critic.Bjørn Ramberg - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (4):637-.
    The problem I want to raise in this paper will not be a problem for anyone who does not share both the following concerns or prejudices. The first is that we should take a materialist, extensional approach to linguistic meaning, specifically, the approach that is suggested by the work of Donald Davidson. The second is that social analysis must be emancipatory, and that this requires the conceptual possibility of postulating social structures that are in some sense hidden by discourse. The (...)
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