Results for 'Bjc Madison'

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  1. Epistemic Internalism.Bjc Madison - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (10):840-853.
    The internalism /externalism debate is of interest in epistemology since it addresses one of the most fundamental questions in the discipline: what is the basic nature of knowledge and epistemic justification? It is generally held that if a positive epistemic status obtains, this is not a brute fact. Rather if a belief is, for example, justified, it is justified in virtue of some further condition obtaining. What has been called epistemic internalism holds, as the label suggests, is that all the (...)
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  2. Bjc Madison.Priori Arguments Against Scepticism Peacocke’Sa - 2011 - Grazer Philosophische Studien, Vol. 83-2011 83:1-8.
     
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  3. Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only consideration in determining whether a health policy is just. In this pathbreaking book, senior bioethicists Powers and Faden confront foundational (...)
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  4.  57
    Structural Injustice: Power, Advantage, and Human Rights.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Structural Injustice advances a theory of what structural injustice is and how it works. Powers and Faden present both a philosophically powerful, integrated theory about human rights violations and structural unfairness, alongside practical insights into how to improve them.
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  5.  26
    Regenerative agriculture and a more-than-human ethic of care: a relational approach to understanding transformation.Madison Seymour & Sean Connelly - 2023 - Agriculture and Human Values 40 (1):231-244.
    A growing body of literature argues that achieving radical change in the agri-food system requires a radical renegotiation of our relationship with the environment alongside a change in our thinking and approach to transformational food politics. This paper argues that relational approaches such as a more-than-human ethic of care (MTH EoC) can offer a different and constructive perspective to analyse agri-food system transformation because it emphasises social structures and relationships as the basis of environmental change. A MTH EoC has not (...)
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  6.  13
    Testing the Associations Between Body Image, Social Support, and Physical Activity Among Adolescents and Young Adults Diagnosed With Cancer.Madison F. Vani, Catherine M. Sabiston, Linda Trinh & Daniel Santa Mina - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Physical activity is important for managing the side effects and long-term outcomes of cancer treatment, yet many adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer are not meeting PA guidelines. Body image and social support are two factors that can influence PA behavior and require further attention in this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between body image, social support, and PA among AYAs. An online cross-sectional survey administered through the Research Electronic Data Capture platform was (...)
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  7. Liberty, Mill and the Framework of Public Health Ethics.Madison Powers, Ruth Faden & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):6-15.
    In this article, we address the relevance of J.S. Mill’s political philosophy for a framework of public health ethics. In contrast to some readings of Mill, we reject the view that in the formulation of public policies liberties of all kinds enjoy an equal presumption in their favor. We argue that Mill also rejects this view and discuss the distinction that Mill makes between three kinds of liberty interests: interests that are immune from state interference; interests that enjoy a presumption (...)
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  8.  36
    Genetic Privacy, Disease Prevention, and the Principle of Rescue.Madison K. Kilbride - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (3):10-17.
    Suppose that you have deeply personal information that you do not want to share. Further suppose that this information could help others, perhaps even saving their lives. Should you reveal the information or keep it secret? With the increasing prevalence of genetic testing, more and more people are finding themselves in this situation. Although a patient's genetic results are potentially relevant to all her biological family members, her first‐degree relatives—parents, children, and full siblings—are most likely to be affected. This is (...)
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  9.  61
    Bioethics as politics: The limits of moral expertise.Madison Powers - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):305-322.
    : The increasing reliance upon, and perhaps the growing public and professional skepticism about, the special expertise of bioethicists suggests the need to consider the limits of moral expertise. For all the talk about method in bioethics, we, bioethicists, are still rather far off the mark in understanding what we are doing, even when we may be going about what we are doing fairly well. Quite often, what is most fundamentally at stake, but equally often insufficiently acknowledged, are inherently political, (...)
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  10.  20
    In vitro fertilisation with preimplantation genetic testing: the need for expanded insurance coverage.Madison K. Kilbride - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e40-e40.
    Technological advances in genetic testing have enabled prospective parents to learn about their risk of passing a genetic condition to their future children. One option for those who want to ensure that their biological children do not inherit a genetic condition is to create embryos through in vitro fertilisation and use a technique called preimplantation genetic testing to screen embryos for genetic abnormalities before implantation. Unfortunately, due to its high cost, IVF-with-PGT is out of reach for the vast majority of (...)
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  11. Closeness to God, Spiritual Struggles, and Wellbeing in the First Year of College.Madison Kawakami Gilbertson, Shannon T. Brady, Tsotso Ablorh, Christine Logel & Sarah A. Schnitker - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Spirituality is an important, but oft-overlooked, aspect of the self that may affect college students’ wellbeing and belonging. Few studies have systematically examined closeness to God and spiritual struggles as predictors of college student wellbeing during early college, which is a critical window for identity development. Moreover, research exploring interactions between spiritual struggles and closeness to God in predicting wellbeing outcomes is scarce. We address these gaps in the literature with an analytic sample comprised of 839 first-year college participants who (...)
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  12.  22
    Technics, Metaphysics, Politics.G. B. Madison - 1972 - Journal of Social Philosophy 3 (1):9-14.
  13.  9
    Interpersonal utility and children's social inferences from shared preferences.Madison L. Pesowski, Lindsey J. Powell, Mina Cikara & Adena Schachner - 2023 - Cognition 232 (C):105344.
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  14.  58
    A cognitive access definition of privacy.Madison Powers - 1996 - Law and Philosophy 15 (4):369 - 386.
    Many of the contemporary disagreements regarding privacy are conceptual in nature. They concern the meaning or definition of privacy and the analytic basis of distinguishing privacy rights from other kinds of rights recognized within moral, political, or legal theories. The two main alternatives within this debate include reductionist views, which seek a narrow account of the kinds of invasions or intrusions distinctly involving privacy losses, and anti-reductionist theories, which treat a much broader array of interferences with a person as separate (...)
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  15. Social Practices, Public Health and the Twin Aims of Justice: Responses to Comments.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):45-49.
    Articles by Lyn Horn and Alison Thompson highlight several points crucial to understanding how our theory figures in wider debates about social justice as well as the particular relevance of our theory for assessing the overall practice of public health (Horn, 2013; Thompson, 2013). We begin with these two articles, first to respond to and concur with many of their central points, and second to set the stage for dealing more efficiently with some points raised in the other articles.
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  16.  18
    Prescription Requirements and Patient Autonomy: Considering an Over‐the‐Counter Default.Madison Kilbride, Steven Joffe & Holly Fernandez Lynch - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (6):15-26.
    When new drugs are approved by the Food and Drug Administration, the default assumption is that they will be available by prescription only, safe for use exclusively under clinical supervision. The paternalism underlying this default must be interrogated in order to ensure appropriate respect for patient autonomy. Upon closer inspection, prescription requirements are justified when nonprescription status would risk harm to third parties and when a large segment of the population would struggle to exercise their autonomy in using a drug (...)
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  17. Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy From Socrates to Plotinus.John Madison Cooper - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    In "Pursuits of Wisdom," John Cooper brings this crucial question back to life. This marvelous book will shape the way we think about and engage with ancient philosophical traditions.
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  18. Beyond bootstrapping: A new account of evidential relevance.Madison Culler - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (4):561-579.
    This paper investigates the adequacy of evidential relevance relations proposed by Glymour and others. These accounts incorporate, as a necessary condition, what I call the Positive Instance Condition (PIC): the evidence statement and auxiliary assumptions entail a "positive instance" of the hypothesis. I argue that any account which incorporates PIC as a necessary condition while allowing "bootstrap testing" is doomed to fail. A nonbootstrapping evidential relevance relation of similar form is proposed, and it is argued that, in addition to avoiding (...)
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  19.  90
    Inequalities in health, inequalities in health care: Four generations of discussion about justice and cost-effectiveness analysis.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):109-127.
    : The focus of questions of justice in health policy has shifted during the last 20 years, beginning with questions about rights to health care, and then, by the late 1980s, turning to issues of rationing. More recently, attention has focused on alternatives to cost-effectiveness analysis. In addition, health inequalities, and not just inequalities in access to health care, have become the subject of moral analysis. This article examines how such trends have transformed the philosophical landscape and encouraged some in (...)
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  20.  17
    Psychology, General and Applied.Madison Bentley & Hugo Munsterberg - 1916 - Philosophical Review 25 (1):59.
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  21.  9
    Individual Moral Responsibility in the Anthropocene.Madison Powers - 2021 - In Elizabeth Victor & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.), Applying Nonideal Theory to Bioethics: Living and Dying in a Nonideal World. New York: Springer. pp. 145-168.
    Modern life is full of examples of environmentally-mediated “group harms” – what Derek Parfit describes as harms produced by “what we all do together.” Typically, the harms are unintended and arise from the uncoordinated actions of many individuals. Their actions ordinarily are not inherently wrong, no one’s action causes harm to an identifiable individual, and prevention of the expected harm is unlikely unless all, or nearly everyone, reduce or cease to engage in activities that collectively and cumulatively result in harm. (...)
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  22.  8
    Real fields with characterization of the natural numbers.Eugene W. Madison - 1972 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 13 (2):211-218.
  23.  10
    The effect of mode of presentation on Tower of Hanoi problem solving.Madison Fansher, Priti Shah & Sébastien Hélie - 2022 - Cognition 224 (C):105041.
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  24. Reason and human good in Aristotle.John Madison Cooper - 1975 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    I Deliberation, Practical Syllogisms , and Intuition. Introduction Aristotle's views on moral reasoning are a difficult and much disputed subject. ...
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  25. On justifications and excuses.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - Synthese 195 (10):4551-4562.
    The New Evil Demon problem has been hotly debated since the case was introduced in the early 1980’s (e.g. Lehrer and Cohen 1983; Cohen 1984), and there seems to be recent increased interest in the topic. In a forthcoming collection of papers on the New Evil Demon problem (Dutant and Dorsch, forthcoming), at least two of the papers, both by prominent epistemologists, attempt to resist the problem by appealing to the distinction between justification and excuses. My primary aim here is (...)
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  26. Epistemological Disjunctivism and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (1):61-70.
    In common with traditional forms of epistemic internalism, epistemological disjunctivism attempts to incorporate an awareness condition on justification. Unlike traditional forms of internalism, however, epistemological disjunctivism rejects the so-called New Evil Genius thesis. In so far as epistemological disjunctivism rejects the New Evil Genius thesis, it is revisionary. -/- After explaining what epistemological disjunctivism is, and how it relates to traditional forms of epistemic internalism / externalism, I shall argue that the epistemological disjunctivist’s account of the intuitions underlying the New (...)
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  27.  14
    Psychologies of 1925.Madison Bentley, Knight Dunlap, Walter S. Hunter, Kurt Koffka & Morton Prince - 1927 - Journal of Philosophy 24 (13):352-355.
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  28.  4
    Replacing Rote, Applying Ethics.Madison Mastrangelo - 2014 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 14:4-5.
  29. Epistemic Value and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):89-107.
    In this article I argue that the value of epistemic justification cannot be adequately explained as being instrumental to truth. I intend to show that false belief, which is no means to truth, can nevertheless still be of epistemic value. This in turn will make a good prima facie case that justification is valuable for its own sake. If this is right, we will have also found reason to think that truth value monism is false: assuming that true belief does (...)
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  30.  39
    Dante in English.Madison U. Sowell - 1990 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 65 (1):83-92.
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  31.  17
    Dante in English.Madison U. Sowell - 1990 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 65 (1):83-92.
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  32.  26
    National ethics guidance in Sub-Saharan Africa on the collection and use of human biological specimens: a systematic review.Francis Barchi & Madison T. Little - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):64.
    BackgroundEthical and regulatory guidance on the collection and use of human biospecimens for research forms an essential component of national health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa, where rapid advances in genetic- and genomic-based technologies are fueling clinical trials involving HBS and the establishment of large-scale biobanks.MethodsAn extensive multi-level search for publicly available ethics regulatory guidance was conducted for each SSA country. A second review documented active trials listed in the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform as of January 2015 in which (...)
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  33. Is open-mindedness truth-conducive?B. J. C. Madison - 2019 - Synthese 196 (5):2075-2087.
    What makes an intellectual virtue a virtue? A straightforward and influential answer to this question has been given by virtue-reliabilists: a trait is a virtue only insofar as it is truth-conducive. In this paper I shall contend that recent arguments advanced by Jack Kwong in defence of the reliabilist view are good as far as they go, in that they advance the debate by usefully clarifying ways in how best to understand the nature of open-mindedness. But I shall argue that (...)
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  34.  22
    Health Care as a Human Right: The Problem of Indeterminate Content.Madison Powers - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (1):138-143.
  35.  23
    Contractualist Impartiality and Personal Commitments.Madison Powers - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):63 - 71.
  36. Combating Anti Anti-Luck Epistemology.B. J. C. Madison - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):47-58.
    One thing nearly all epistemologists agree upon is that Gettier cases are decisive counterexamples to the tripartite analysis of knowledge; whatever else is true of knowledge, it is not merely belief that is both justified and true. They now agree that knowledge is not justified true belief because this is consistent with there being too much luck present in the cases, and that knowledge excludes such luck. This is to endorse what has become known as the 'anti-luck platitude'. <br /><br (...)
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  37.  70
    Stable and Unstable Theories of Truth and Syntax.Beau Madison Mount & Daniel Waxman - 2021 - Mind 130 (518):439-473.
    Recent work on formal theories of truth has revived an approach, due originally to Tarski, on which syntax and truth theories are sharply distinguished—‘disentangled’—from mathematical base theories. In this paper, we defend a novel philosophical constraint on disentangled theories. We argue that these theories must be epistemically stable: they must possess an intrinsic motivation justifying no strictly stronger theory. In a disentangled setting, even if the base and the syntax theory are individually stable, they may be jointly unstable. We contend (...)
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  38. Justice and the Market for Health Insurance.Madison Powers - 1991 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 1 (4):307-323.
    After reviewing some of the insurance-related obstacles to access to health care, some ethical criteria for evaluating proposals aimed at reforming the health insurance marketplace to achieve universal access are developed. The additional reforms needed to eliminate many of the deficiencies in the current health insurance marketplace are discussed. It is suggested that without such substantial reforms some of the other goals such as expanded consumer choice and overall societal health care cost savings may not be effectively promoted.
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  39.  9
    A Note on the "Expression" of Simple Feelings.Madison Bentley - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (4):326-327.
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  40. A Note on the Relation of Psychology to Anthropology.Madison Bentley - 1920 - Philosophical Review 29:602.
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  41.  3
    A Note on the Relation of Psychology to Anthropology.Madison Bentley - 1920 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 17 (13):345-349.
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  42.  16
    A note on the relation of psychology to anthropology.Madison Bentley - 1920 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 17 (13):345-349.
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  43. Cornell Studies in Dynastomatic Psychology.Madison And Associates Bentley - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49:274.
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  44.  19
    Grundzuge der Physiologischen Psychologie.Madison Bentley & Wilhelm Wundt - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (2):217.
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  45.  9
    Grundzuge der Physiologischen Psychologie.Madison Bentley & Wilhelm Wundt - 1911 - Philosophical Review 20 (3):344.
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  46.  14
    Grundzuge der Physiologischen Psychologie.Madison Bentley & Wilhelm Wundt - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (6):715.
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  47.  7
    The major categories of psychology.Madison Bentley - 1926 - Psychological Review 33 (2):71-105.
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  48. Aids And Advance Directives: Clinical, Legal And Ethical Perspectives In Japan, Germany And The United States.Madison Powers, Carmen Kaminsky & Motoko Hayashi - 1996 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 4.
    Persons infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus often experience intermittent life-threatening infections, a progressive decrease in cognitive abilities, and a loss of capacity to communicate their wishes to their family and medical care providers. Accordingly, AIDS patients are among those most likely to benefit from the increased availability of legally recognized forms of advance care planning. Although the three countries examined in this article differ greatly in the prevalence of HIV infection, the legal status of advance directives, and in the (...)
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  49. Contemporary defenses of the doctrine of double effect.Madison Powers - 1995 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 49 (193):341-356.
     
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  50. Forget about equality.Madison Powers - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (2):129-144.
    : Justice is widely thought to consist in equality. For many theorists, the central question has been: Equality of what? The author argues that the ideal of equality distorts practical reasoning and has deeply counterintuitive implications. Moreover, an alternative view of distributive justice can give a better account of what egalitarians should care about than can any of the competing ideals of equality.
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