Results for 'Bjc Madison'

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  1. Bjc Madison.Priori Arguments Against Scepticism Peacocke’Sa - 2011 - Grazer Philosophische Studien, Vol. 83-2011 83:1 - 8.
     
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  2. Epistemic Internalism.Bjc Madison - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (10):840-853.
    The internalism /externalism debate is of interest in epistemology since it addresses one of the most fundamental questions in the discipline: what is the basic nature of knowledge and epistemic justification? It is generally held that if a positive epistemic status obtains, this is not a brute fact. Rather if a belief is, for example, justified, it is justified in virtue of some further condition obtaining. What has been called epistemic internalism holds, as the label suggests, is that all the (...)
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  3. Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only consideration in determining whether a health policy is just. In this pathbreaking book, senior bioethicists Powers and Faden confront foundational (...)
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  4.  29
    On Stewart on “Madison on Metaphor”.G. B. Madison - 1985 - Dialogue 24 (4):707-.
  5. Epistemological Disjunctivism and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (1):61-70.
    In common with traditional forms of epistemic internalism, epistemological disjunctivism attempts to incorporate an awareness condition on justification. Unlike traditional forms of internalism, however, epistemological disjunctivism rejects the so-called New Evil Genius thesis. In so far as epistemological disjunctivism rejects the New Evil Genius thesis, it is revisionary. -/- After explaining what epistemological disjunctivism is, and how it relates to traditional forms of epistemic internalism / externalism, I shall argue that the epistemological disjunctivist’s account of the intuitions underlying the New (...)
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  6.  52
    Autour de Merleau-Ponty : Deux lectures de son oeuvre. Geraets, Th. F. Vers une nouvelle philosophie transcendantale. La genèse de la philosophie de M. Merleau-Ponty jusqu'à la Phénoménologie de la Perception, La Haye, Martinus Nijhoff, 1971, 212 pp. Madison, G. B. La Phénoménologie de Merleau-Ponty. Une recherche des limites de la conscience, Paris, Klincksieck, 1973, 283 pp.Geraets, Th. F. Vers une nouvelle philosophie transcendantale. La genèse de la philosophie de M. Merleau-Ponty jusqu'à la Phénoménologie de la Perception, La Haye, Martinus Nijhoff, 1971, 212 pp.Madison, G. B. La Phénoménologie de Merleau-Ponty. Une recherche des limites de la conscience, Paris, Klincksieck, 1973, 283 pp. [REVIEW]G. B. Madison & Th F. Geraets - 1975 - Philosophiques 2 (1):103-123.
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  7. On Justifications and Excuses.B. J. C. Madison - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4551-4562.
    The New Evil Demon problem has been hotly debated since the case was introduced in the early 1980’s (e.g. Lehrer and Cohen 1983; Cohen 1984), and there seems to be recent increased interest in the topic. In a forthcoming collection of papers on the New Evil Demon problem (Dutant and Dorsch, forthcoming), at least two of the papers, both by prominent epistemologists, attempt to resist the problem by appealing to the distinction between justification and excuses. My primary aim here is (...)
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  8. Liberty, Mill and the Framework of Public Health Ethics.Madison Powers, Ruth Faden & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):6-15.
    In this article, we address the relevance of J.S. Mill’s political philosophy for a framework of public health ethics. In contrast to some readings of Mill, we reject the view that in the formulation of public policies liberties of all kinds enjoy an equal presumption in their favor. We argue that Mill also rejects this view and discuss the distinction that Mill makes between three kinds of liberty interests: interests that are immune from state interference; interests that enjoy a presumption (...)
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  9. Epistemic Value and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):89-107.
    In this article I argue that the value of epistemic justification cannot be adequately explained as being instrumental to truth. I intend to show that false belief, which is no means to truth, can nevertheless still be of epistemic value. This in turn will make a good prima facie case that justification is valuable for its own sake. If this is right, we will have also found reason to think that truth value monism is false: assuming that true belief does (...)
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  10. The Phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty: A Search for the Limits of Consciousness.Gary Brent Madison - 1981 - Ohio University Press.
  11. Combating Anti Anti-Luck Epistemology.B. J. C. Madison - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):47-58.
    One thing nearly all epistemologists agree upon is that Gettier cases are decisive counterexamples to the tripartite analysis of knowledge; whatever else is true of knowledge, it is not merely belief that is both justified and true. They now agree that knowledge is not justified true belief because this is consistent with there being too much luck present in the cases, and that knowledge excludes such luck. This is to endorse what has become known as the 'anti-luck platitude'. <br /><br (...)
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  12. Internalism and Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 283-295.
    This chapter first surveys general issues in the epistemic internalism / externalism debate: what is the distinction, what motivates it, and what arguments can be given on both sides. -/- The second part of the chapter will examine the internalism / externalism debate as regards to the specific case of the epistemology of memory belief.
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  13.  7
    All things bleak and bare beneath a brazen sky: practice and place in the analysis of Australopithecus.Paige Madison - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (2):19.
    The fossilized primate skull known as the Taungs Baby, discovered in South Africa, was put forward in 1925 as a controversial ‘missing link’ between humans and apes. This essay examines the controversy generated by the fossil, with a focus on practice and the circulation of material objects. Viewing the Taungs story from this perspective provides a new outlook on debates, one that suggests that attention to the importance of place, particularly the ways that specific localities shape scientific practices, is crucial (...)
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  14. Social Practices, Public Health and the Twin Aims of Justice: Responses to Comments.Madison Powers & Ruth Faden - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):45-49.
    Articles by Lyn Horn and Alison Thompson highlight several points crucial to understanding how our theory figures in wider debates about social justice as well as the particular relevance of our theory for assessing the overall practice of public health (Horn, 2013; Thompson, 2013). We begin with these two articles, first to respond to and concur with many of their central points, and second to set the stage for dealing more efficiently with some points raised in the other articles.
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  15. Internalism in the Epistemology of Testimony Redux.B. Madison - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (4):741-755.
    In general, epistemic internalists hold that an individual’s justification for a belief is exhausted by her reflectively accessible reasons for thinking that the contents of her beliefs are true. Applying this to the epistemology of testimony, a hearer’s justification for beliefs acquired through testimony is exhausted by her reflectively accessible reasons to think that the contents of the speaker’s testimony is true. A consequence of internalism is that subjects that are alike with respect to their reflectively accessible reasons are alike (...)
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  16. Is Open-Mindedness Truth-Conducive?B. Madison - 2019 - Synthese 196 (5):2075-2087.
    What makes an intellectual virtue a virtue? A straightforward and influential answer to this question has been given by virtue-reliabilists: a trait is a virtue only insofar as it is truth-conducive. In this paper I shall contend that recent arguments advanced by Jack Kwong in defence of the reliabilist view are good as far as they go, in that they advance the debate by usefully clarifying ways in how best to understand the nature of open-mindedness. But I shall argue that (...)
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  17.  39
    Bioethics as Politics: The Limits of Moral Expertise.Madison Powers - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):305-322.
    : The increasing reliance upon, and perhaps the growing public and professional skepticism about, the special expertise of bioethicists suggests the need to consider the limits of moral expertise. For all the talk about method in bioethics, we, bioethicists, are still rather far off the mark in understanding what we are doing, even when we may be going about what we are doing fairly well. Quite often, what is most fundamentally at stake, but equally often insufficiently acknowledged, are inherently political, (...)
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  18. Epistemic Internalism, Justification, and Memory.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Logos and Episteme 5 (1):33-62.
    Epistemic internalism, by stressing the indispensability of the subject’s perspective, strikes many as plausible at first blush. However, many people have tended to reject the position because certain kinds of beliefs have been thought to pose special problems for epistemic internalism. For example, internalists tend to hold that so long as a justifier is available to the subject either immediately or upon introspection, it can serve to justify beliefs. Many have thought it obvious that no such view can be correct, (...)
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  19.  5
    Prescription Requirements and Patient Autonomy: Considering an Over‐the‐Counter Default.Madison Kilbride, Steven Joffe & Holly Fernandez Lynch - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (6):15-26.
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  20. The Hermeneutics of Postmodernity Figures and Themes.Gary Brent Madison - 1990
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  21.  20
    Genetic Privacy, Disease Prevention, and the Principle of Rescue.Madison K. Kilbride - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (3):10-17.
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  22. On the Compatibility of Epistemic Internalism and Content Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (3):173-183.
    In this paper I consider a recent argument of Timothy Williamson’s that epistemic internalism and content externalism are indeed incompatible, and since he takes content externalism to be above reproach, so much the worse for epistemic internalism. However, I argue that epistemic internalism, properly understood, remains substantially unaffected no matter which view of content turns out to be correct. What is key to the New Evil Genius thought experiment is that, given everything of which the inhabitants are consciously aware, the (...)
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  23.  9
    What Musicians Do to Induce the Sensation of Groove in Simple and Complex Melodies, and How Listeners Perceive It.Guy Madison & George Sioros - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  24. Is Justification Knowledge?B. J. C. Madison - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
    Analytic epistemologists agree that, whatever else is true of epistemic justification, it is distinct from knowledge. However, if recent work by Jonathan Sutton is correct, this view is deeply mistaken, for according to Sutton justification is knowledge. That is, a subject is justified in believing that p iff he knows that p. Sutton further claims that there is no concept of epistemic justification distinct from knowledge. Since knowledge is factive, a consequence of Sutton’s view is that there are no false (...)
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  25.  63
    Inequalities in Health, Inequalities in Health Care: Four Generations of Discussion About Justice and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.Madison Powers & Ruth R. Faden - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):109-127.
    : The focus of questions of justice in health policy has shifted during the last 20 years, beginning with questions about rights to health care, and then, by the late 1980s, turning to issues of rationing. More recently, attention has focused on alternatives to cost-effectiveness analysis. In addition, health inequalities, and not just inequalities in access to health care, have become the subject of moral analysis. This article examines how such trends have transformed the philosophical landscape and encouraged some in (...)
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  26.  10
    Hayek and the Interpretive Turn.G. B. Madison - 1989 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 3 (2):169-185.
  27.  31
    A Cognitive Access Definition of Privacy.Madison Powers - 1996 - Law and Philosophy 15 (4):369 - 386.
    Many of the contemporary disagreements regarding privacy are conceptual in nature. They concern the meaning or definition of privacy and the analytic basis of distinguishing privacy rights from other kinds of rights recognized within moral, political, or legal theories. The two main alternatives within this debate include reductionist views, which seek a narrow account of the kinds of invasions or intrusions distinctly involving privacy losses, and anti-reductionist theories, which treat a much broader array of interferences with a person as separate (...)
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  28.  9
    The Logic of Liberty.Gary Brent Madison - 1986 - Greenwood Press.
  29.  21
    The Politics of Postmodernity.G. B. Madison - 1991 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 5 (1):53-79.
    This paper attempts to delineate some of the principal features and tasks of a politics of postmodernity. An attempt is made in the first part of the paper to reflect on the democratic revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe and to discern what lessons they might have to offer. What is called for, it is maintained, is a renewed theory of democracy and, more particularly, a reformulation of traditional liberalism. In the second part of the paper the author seeks to (...)
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  30.  15
    Kant, Madison and the Problem of Transnational Order: Popular Sovereignty in Multilevel Systems.James Bohman - 2013 - In Andreas Niederberger & Philipp Schink (eds.), Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics. Edinburgh University Press.
    Although eighteenth-century Federalists, including James Madison, have been associated with the very contemporary idea of a transnational political order, the argument that the modern state with its centralised authority and supreme power poses a threat to liberty was already a subject of discussions during the period. The American Constitution was intended to establish a new political order, rather than a loose federation or an enlarged state. The Framers were not alone in their preoccupation with a transnational order; the German (...)
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  31.  2
    In Vitro Fertilisation with Preimplantation Genetic Testing: The Need for Expanded Insurance Coverage.Madison K. Kilbride - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-105879.
    Technological advances in genetic testing have enabled prospective parents to learn about their risk of passing a genetic condition to their future children. One option for those who want to ensure that their biological children do not inherit a genetic condition is to create embryos through in vitro fertilisation and use a technique called preimplantation genetic testing to screen embryos for genetic abnormalities before implantation. Unfortunately, due to its high cost, IVF-with-PGT is out of reach for the vast majority of (...)
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  32.  19
    Have We Been Careless with Socrates' Last Words?: A Rereading of the Phaedo.Laurel Madison - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:421-436.
    421A REREADING OF THE PHAEDO Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 40, no. 4 421?36 [421] Have We Been Careless with Socrates? Last Words?: A Rereading of the Phaedo LAUREL A. MADISON* IN SECTION 340 OF THE GAY SCIENCE, Nietzsche offers what he believes will be received as a scandalous interpretation of Socrates? last words.?Whether it was death or the poison or piety or malice?something loosened his tongue at that moment and he said:?O Crito, I owe Asclepius a (...)
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  33.  45
    Have We Been Careless with Socrates' Last Words?: A Rereading of The.Laurel A. Madison - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (4):421-436.
    421A REREADING OF THE PHAEDO Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 40, no. 4 421?36 [421] Have We Been Careless with Socrates? Last Words?: A Rereading of the Phaedo LAUREL A. MADISON* IN SECTION 340 OF THE GAY SCIENCE, Nietzsche offers what he believes will be received as a scandalous interpretation of Socrates? last words. ?Whether it was death or the poison or piety or malice?something loosened his tongue at that moment and he said: ?O Crito, I owe (...)
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  34.  10
    Psychology, General and Applied.Madison Bentley & Hugo Munsterberg - 1916 - Philosophical Review 25 (1):59.
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  35.  38
    How Individualistic is Methodological Individualism?G. B. Madison - 1990 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 4 (1-2):41-60.
    F.A.Hayek is generally considered to be a representative of what, in regard to the methodology of the human sciences, is commonly referred to as ?methodological individualism?; (MI). This paper is an attempt to determine the exact nature and significance of Hayek's own particular brand of ?individualism.?; In particular, it attempts to show that Hayek's MI is grossly misinterpreted when it is viewed as being merely another instance of the atomistic or analytic individualism characteristic of much modern thinking. The ?true?; individualism (...)
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  36.  12
    Health Care as a Human Right: The Problem of Indeterminate Content.Madison Powers - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (1):138-143.
  37.  34
    The Law, Policy, and Ethics of Employers' Use of Financial Incentives to Improve Health.Kristin M. Madison, Kevin G. Volpp & Scott D. Halpern - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):450-468.
    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act turns to a nontraditional mechanism to improve public health: employer -provided financial incentives for healthy behaviors. Critics raise questions about incentive programs' effectiveness, employer involvement, and potential discrimination. We support incentive program development despite these concerns. The ACA sets the stage for a broad-based research and implementation agenda through which we can learn to structure incentive programs to not only promote public health but also address prevalent concerns.
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  38.  51
    Appendix: The Interpretive Turn in Phenomenology: A Philosophical T-Listory.Gary Brent Madison - 2004 - Symposium 8 (2):397-467.
  39.  7
    The Law, Policy, and Ethics of Employers' Use of Financial Incentives to Improve Health.Kristin M. Madison, Kevin G. Volpp & Scott D. Halpern - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):450-468.
    Individuals can often take steps to preserve or improve their own health. They can eat appropriate quantities of healthy foods, exercise, and refrain from smoking. They can obtain preventive care and adhere to their physicians’ advice about how best to manage their health. But they often fail to take these steps.A widespread failure to adopt healthy behaviors can significantly erode public health while increasing health care costs. Obesity, for example, increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and certain (...)
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  40.  7
    Is Justification Knowledge?B. J. C. Madison - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
    Analytic epistemologists agree that, whatever else is true of epistemic justification, it is distinct from knowledge. However, if recent work by Jonathan Sutton is correct, this view is deeply mistaken, for according to Sutton justification is knowledge. That is, a subject is justified in believing that p iff he knows that p. Sutton further claims that there is no concept of epistemic justification distinct from knowledge. Since knowledge is factive, a consequence of Sutton’s view is that thereare no false justified (...)
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  41.  23
    Postmodern Philosophy?G. B. Madison - 1988 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 2 (2-3):166-182.
  42.  4
    Psychologies of 1925.Madison Bentley, Knight Dunlap, Walter S. Hunter, Kurt Koffka & Morton Prince - 1927 - Journal of Philosophy 24 (13):352-355.
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  43.  14
    A Note on Computable Real Fields.E. W. Madison - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):239-241.
  44.  15
    Contractualist Impartiality and Personal Commitments.Madison Powers - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):63 - 71.
  45.  40
    Gadamer's Legacy.Gary B. Madison - 2002 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 6 (2):135-147.
  46.  2
    Madison 1970 Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic.H. Jerome Keisler & Kenneth Kunen - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):368-378.
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  47.  4
    The Ethics of Postmodernity: Current Trends in Continental Thought.Gary B. Madison & Marty Fairbarn (eds.) - 1997 - Northwestern University Press.
    This collection is a powerful statement about the many directions a post-metaphysical ethics might take.
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  48.  31
    Managed Care: How Economic Incentive Reforms Went Wrong.Madison Powers - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (4):353-360.
    : In its response to pressures to rationalize health care resource allocation, the American health care system has embraced managed care without concurrent comprehensive health care reform, either in the form of the centralized tax-based systems found in Europe and Canada or that of the Clinton reform plan. What survives is managed care without managed competition, employer mandates, or universal access. Two problems inherent in the incentive structure of managed care plans developed in the absence of comprehensive health care reform (...)
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  49.  51
    A Social Justice Framework For Health And Science Policy.Ruth Faden & Madison Powers - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):596-604.
    The goal of this article is to explore how a social justice framework can help illuminate the role that consent should play in health and science policy. In the first section, we set the stage for our inquiry with the important case of Henrietta Lacks. Without her knowledge or consent, or that of her family, Mrs. Lacks’s cells gave rise to an enormous advance in biomedical science—the first immortal human cell line, or HeLa cells.
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  50.  18
    Merleau-Ponty Alive.G. B. Madison - 1993 - Man and World 26 (1):19-44.
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