Results for 'Blanaid Gavin'

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  1.  6
    Levels of Stress in Medical Students Due to COVID-19.Lorcan O'Byrne, Blánaid Gavin, Dimitrios Adamis, You Xin Lim & Fiona McNicholas - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (6):383-388.
    For medical schools, the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated examination and curricular restructuring as well as significant changes to clinical attachments. With the available evidence suggesting that medical students’ mental health status is already poorer than that of the general population, with academic stress being a chief predictor, such changes are likely to have a significant effect on these students. This online, cross-sectional study aimed to determine the impact of COVID-19 on perceived stress levels of medical students, investigate possible contributing and alleviating (...)
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  2.  25
    Payment of Research Participants: Current Practice and Policies of Irish Research Ethics Committees.Eric Roche, Romaine King, Helen M. Mohan, Blanaid Gavin & Fiona McNicholas - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):591-593.
    Background Payment of research participants helps to increase recruitment for research studies, but can pose ethical dilemmas. Research ethics committees (RECs) have a centrally important role in guiding this practice, but standardisation of the ethical approval process in Ireland is lacking. Aim Our aim was to examine REC policies, experiences and concerns with respect to the payment of participants in research projects in Ireland. Method Postal survey of all RECs in Ireland. Results Response rate was 62.5% (n=50). 80% of RECs (...)
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  3. Changes in Attitudes Towards Business Ethics Held by Former South African Business Management Students.Gavin Price & Andries Johannes Walt - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):429-440.
    The objective of this study was to assess whether, and how, the attitudes towards business ethics of former South African business students have changed between the early 1990s and 2010. The study used the Attitudes Toward Business Ethics Questionnaire and applied a comparative analysis between leading business schools in South Africa. The findings of this study found a significant change in attitudes based on a set time frame, with a trend towards stronger opinions on business ethics and espoused values. Eleven (...)
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  4.  8
    What Makes Big Data, Big Data? Exploring the Ontological Characteristics of 26 Datasets.Gavin McArdle & Rob Kitchin - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (1).
    Big Data has been variously defined in the literature. In the main, definitions suggest that Big Data possess a suite of key traits: volume, velocity and variety, but also exhaustivity, resolution, indexicality, relationality, extensionality and scalability. However, these definitions lack ontological clarity, with the term acting as an amorphous, catch-all label for a wide selection of data. In this paper, we consider the question ‘what makes Big Data, Big Data?’, applying Kitchin’s taxonomy of seven Big Data traits to 26 datasets (...)
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  5.  41
    A Practical Philosophy of Complex Climate Modelling.Gavin A. Schmidt & Steven Sherwood - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (2):149-169.
    We give an overview of the practice of developing and using complex climate models, as seen from experiences in a major climate modelling center and through participation in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. We discuss the construction and calibration of models; their evaluation, especially through use of out-of-sample tests; and their exploitation in multi-model ensembles to identify biases and make predictions. We stress that adequacy or utility of climate models is best assessed via their skill against more naïve predictions. The (...)
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  6.  93
    The Metaphysics of Beauty.Gavin McIntosh - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):221-226.
  7.  6
    Whose Objectivity? Which Neutrality? The Doomed Quest for a Neutral Vantage Point From Which to Judge Religions: GAVIN D'COSTA.Gavin D’Costa - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (1):79-95.
    There is an impasse in the discussion as to how to judge a religion other than one's own. On the one hand judging another religion by the criteria and standards of one's own tradition has become a highly problematic exercise. The metaphor used by some critics for such an approach is that of jingoistic flag-waving. Criticisms of this strategy are numerous and interdisciplinary in their nature. For instance, it is argued that such an enterprise is part and parcel of the (...)
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  8.  46
    Heidegger’s Influence on Posthumanism: The Destruction of Metaphysics, Technology and the Overcoming of Anthropocentrism.Gavin Rae - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (1):51-69.
    While Jacques Derrida’s influence on posthumanist theory is well established in the literature, given Martin Heidegger’s influence on Derrida, it is surprising to find that Heidegger’s relationship to posthumanist theory has been largely ignored. This article starts to fill this lacuna by showing that Heidegger’s writings not only influences but also has much to teach posthumanism, especially regarding the relationship between humanism and posthumanism. By first engaging with Heidegger’s destruction of metaphysics and related critique of anthropocentrism, I show that, while (...)
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  9.  2
    The Influence of Intention, Outcome and Question-Wording on Children’s and Adults’ Moral Judgments.Gavin Nobes, Georgia Panagiotaki & Kimberley J. Bartholomew - 2016 - Cognition 157:190-204.
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  10. The Cambridge History of Later Latin Literature, Eds Gavin Kelly and Aaron Pelttari, Cambridge: CUP, Forthcoming.Gavin Kelly (ed.) - forthcoming
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  11.  29
    Understanding the Archaeological Record.Gavin Lucas - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. The trouble with theory; 2. The total record; 3. Formation theory; 4. Materialized culture; 5. Archaeological entities; 6. Archaeological interventions; 7. A 'new' social archaeology?
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  12.  44
    Beyond Phenomenology: Rethinking the Study of Religion.Gavin D. Flood - 1999 - Cassell.
    This book argues that understandings and explanations of religion are always historically contingent.
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  13.  27
    Non‐Bayesian Noun Generalization in 3‐ to 5‐Year‐Old Children: Probing the Role of Prior Knowledge in the Suspicious Coincidence Effect. [REVIEW]Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Jodi R. Smith & John P. Spencer - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (2):268-306.
    It is unclear how children learn labels for multiple overlapping categories such as “Labrador,” “dog,” and “animal.” Xu and Tenenbaum suggested that learners infer correct meanings with the help of Bayesian inference. They instantiated these claims in a Bayesian model, which they tested with preschoolers and adults. Here, we report data testing a developmental prediction of the Bayesian model—that more knowledge should lead to narrower category inferences when presented with multiple subordinate exemplars. Two experiments did not support this prediction. Children (...)
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  14.  2
    Data Doxa: The Affective Consequences of Data Practices.Gavin J. D. Smith - 2018 - Big Data and Society 5 (1).
    This paper explores the embedding of data producing technologies in people's everyday lives and practices. It traces how repeated encounters with digital data operate to naturalise these entities, while often blindsiding their agentive properties and the ways they get implicated in processes of exploitation and governance. I propose and develop the notion of ‘data doxa’ to conceptualise the way in which digital data – and the devices and platforms that stage data – have come to be perceived in Western societies (...)
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  15. The Co-Operative and the Corporation: Competing Visions of the Future of Fair Trade.Gavin Fridell - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (S1):81 - 95.
    This paper provides an analysis of the fair trade network in the North through a comparative assessment of two distinctly different fair trade certified roasters: Planet Bean, a worker-owned co-operative in Guelph, Ontario; and Starbucks Coffee Company, the world's largest specialty roaster. The two organizations are assessed on the basis of their distinct visions of the fair trade mission and their understandings of "consumer sovereignty". It is concluded that the objectives of Planet Bean are more compatible with the moral mission (...)
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  16.  23
    Collective Emotions: A Case Study of South African Pride, Euphoria and Unity in the Context of the 2010 FIFA World Cup.Gavin B. Sullivan - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  17.  36
    Frontiers, Intersections and Engagements of Ethics and HRM.Gavin Jack, Michelle Greenwood & Jan Schapper - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):1-12.
    This essay, and the special issue it introduces, sets out to reignite ethical interrogations of the theory and practice of Human Resource Management (HRM). To cultivate greater levels of boundary-spanning debate about the ethics of HRM, we develop a framework of four tenors for scholarly work: the ethical-declarative, the ethical-subjunctive, the ethical-ethnographic, the ethical-systemic. Each of these tenors denotes particular grounds for ethical critique and encourages scholars to consider the subjects and objects of their enquiry, the disciplinary scope of their (...)
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  18. Contemplating Suicide: The Language and Ethics of Self Harm.Gavin Fairbairn & David J. Mayo - 1996 - Bioethics 10 (4):350-352.
    Suicide is devastating. It is an assault on our ideas of what living is about. In Contemplating Suicide Gavin Fairbairn takes fresh look at suicidal self harm. His view is distinctive in not emphasising external facts: the presence or absence of a corpse, along with evidence that the person who has become a corpse, intended to do so. It emphasises the intentions that the person had in acting, rather than the consequences that follow from those actions. Much of the (...)
     
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  19.  32
    The Trouble with Theory: The Educational Costs of Postmodernism.Gavin Kitching - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In the wake of two decades in which postmodern theory has become very popular in university humanities and social science departments around the world, Gavin Kitching claims that postmodernism is causing harm to students intellectually. Postmodern theory has engaged the hearts and heads of the brightest students because of its apparent political and social radicalism. Yet Kitching writes: “At the heart of postmodernism is very poor, deeply confused, and misbegotten philosophy. As a result even the very best students who (...)
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  20. Ontology in Heidegger and Deleuze: A Comparative Analysis.Gavin Rae - 2014 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Prince of Networks is the rst treatment of Bruno Latour speci cally as a philosopher. Part One covers four key works that display Latour’s underrated contributions to metaphysics: Irreductions, Science in Action, We Have Never Been Modern, and Pandora’s Hope. Harman contends that Latour is one of the central gures of contemporary philosophy, with a highly original ontology centred in four key concepts: actants, irreduction, translation, and alliance.
     
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  21. Aristotle and the Ideal Life.Gavin Lawrence - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):1-34.
  22.  12
    Writing Purposefully in Art and Design.Gavin Melles & Julia Lockheart - 2012 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 11 (4):346-362.
    In disciplines with long histories in higher education, academic literacies, including writing practices, are less contested than in newer academic fields such as art and design. The relatively recent incorporation of such fields and schools into the university sector has required these fields to create academic writing practices consistent with existing academic models or to justify their distinctive disciplinary practices. Recently, for example, much has been written about the distinctiveness of practice-based, reflective and creative written genres, such as the exegesis (...)
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  23.  32
    The Importance of Religion: Meaning and Action in Our Strange World.Gavin D. Flood - 2012 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Importance of Religion reveals the significance of religion in modern times, showing how it provides people with meaning to their lives and helps guide them in their everyday moral choices Provides readers with a new understanding of religion, demonstrating how in its actions, texts and world views religion is enduring and vividly engages with the mystery of the world Offers striking arguments about the relationship of religion to science, art and politics Engagingly written by a highly respected scholar of (...)
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  24.  5
    Science Fiction and the Medical Humanities.Gavin Miller & Anna McFarlane - 2016 - Medical Humanities 42 (4):213-218.
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  25. Human Good and Human Function.Gavin Lawrence - 2006 - In Richard Kraut (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell.
     
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  26.  3
    : British Scientists and the Concept of in the Inter-War Period.Gavin Schaffer - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (3):307.
    Historians of science have often presented the inter-war period as a time when British scientific communities radically questioned existing scholarship on ‘race’. The ascendancy of genetics, and the perceived need to challenge Nazi ‘racial’ theory have been highlighted as pivotal issues in shaping this British revision of ‘racial’ ideas. This article offers a detailed analysis of British scientific thinking in the inter-war period. It questions whether historians have exaggerated or oversimplified the prevalence of anti-‘racial’ reform. It uses a wide range (...)
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  27.  14
    Pharmaceutical Enhancement and Medical Professionals.Gavin G. Enck - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):23-28.
    Emerging data indicates the prevalence and increased use of pharmaceutical enhancements by young medical professionals. As pharmaceutical enhancements advance and become more readily available, it is imperative to consider their impact on medical professionals. If pharmaceutical enhancements augment a person’s neurological capacities to higher functioning levels, and in some situations having higher functioning levels of focus and concentration could improve patient care, then might medical professionals have a responsibility to enhance? In this paper, I suggest medical professionals may have a (...)
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  28. Contemplating Suicide: The Language and Ethics of Self-Harm.Gavin J. Fairbairn & Gavin Fairbairn - 1995 - Routledge.
    Suicide is devastating. It is an assault on our ideas of what living is about. In Contemplating Suicide Gavin Fairbairn takes fresh look at suicidal self harm. His view is distinctive in not emphasising external facts: the presence or absence of a corpse, along with evidence that the person who has become a corpse, intended to do so. It emphasises the intentions that the person had in acting, rather than the consequences that follow from those actions. Much of the (...)
     
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  29.  13
    Towards a More Place-Sensitive Nursing Research: An Invitation to Medical and Health Geography.Gavin J. Andrews - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (4):221-238.
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  30. The Function of the Function Argument.Gavin Lawrence - 2001 - Ancient Philosophy 21 (2):445-475.
  31.  96
    Ideals of Student Excellence and Enhancement.Gavin G. Enck - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):155-164.
    Discussions about the permissibility of students using enhancements in education are often framed by the question, “Is a student who uses cognitive-enhancing drugs cheating?” While the question of cheating is interesting, it is but only one question concerning the permissibility of enhancement in education. Another interesting question is, “What kinds of students do we want in our academic institutions?” I suggest that one plausible answer to this question concerns the ideals of human excellence or virtues. The students we want in (...)
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  32.  3
    Surveillance, Data and Embodiment: On the Work of Being Watched.Gavin J. D. Smith - 2016 - Body and Society 22 (2):108-139.
    Today’s bodies are akin to ‘walking sensor platforms’. Bodies either host, or are the subjects of, an array of sensing devices that act to convert bodily movements, actions and dynamics into circulative data. This article proposes the notions of ‘disembodied exhaust’ and ‘embodied exhaustion’ to conceptualise processes of bodily sensorisation and datafication. As the material body interfaces with networked sensor technologies and sensing infrastructures, it emits disembodied exhaust: gaseous flows of personal information that establish a representational data-proxy. It is this (...)
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  33.  70
    The Rationality of Feeling: Understanding the Arts in Education.Gavin Bolton - 1993 - British Journal of Educational Studies 41 (3):306-307.
  34.  14
    Including Pride and its Group-Based, Relational, and Contextual Features in Theories of Contempt.Gavin Brent Sullivan - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  35. Acquiring Character : Becoming Grown-Up.Gavin Lawrence - 2011 - In Michael Pakaluk & Giles Pearson (eds.), Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford University Press.
     
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  36.  2
    Musicians Show Improved Speech Segregation in Competitive, Multi-Talker Cocktail Party Scenarios.Gavin M. Bidelman & Jessica Yoo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  20
    An Error Theory of Biotechnology and the Ethics of Chemical Breakups: It Is the Reasons, Not the Pharmaceuticals, That Are Important in Defending Against Perilous Love.Gavin Enck - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):32-34.
    In this commentary, I offer an account of an error theory of biotechnology and apply it to Brian D. Earp, Olga A. Wudarczyk,Anders Sandberg, and Julian Savulescu’s (2013)ethical framework for chemical reakups.
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  38.  1
    The Ascetic Self: Subjectivity, Memory and Tradition.Gavin Flood - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 2004 book is about the ascetic self in the scriptural religions of Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism. The author claims that asceticism can be understood as the internalisation of tradition, the shaping of the narrative of a life in accordance with the narrative of tradition that might be seen as the performance of the memory of tradition. Such a performance contains an ambiguity or distance between the general intention to eradicate the will, or in some sense to erase the self, (...)
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  39.  31
    R. D. Laing and Theology: The Influence of Christian Existentialism on The Divided Self.Gavin Miller - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (2):1-21.
    The radical psychiatrist R. D. Laing's first book, The Divided Self (1960), is informed by the work of Christian thinkers on scriptural interpretation — an intellectual genealogy apparent in Laing's comparison of Karl Jaspers's symptomatology with the theological tradition of `form criticism'. Rudolf Bultmann's theology, which was being enthusiastically promoted in 1950s Scotland, is particularly influential upon Laing. It furnishes him with the notion that schizophrenic speech expresses existential truths as if they were statements about the physical and organic world. (...)
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  40.  22
    Empirical Research on Informed Consent with the Cognitively Impaired.Gavin W. Hougham, Greg A. Sachs, Deborah Danner, Jim Mintz, Marian Patterson, Laura W. Roberts, Laura A. Siminoff, Jeremy Sugarman, Peter J. Whitehouse & Donna Wirshing - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (5):s26 - 32.
  41. Re-Thinking the Human: Heidegger, Fundamental Ontology, and Humanism. [REVIEW]Gavin Rae - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (1):23-39.
    This essay engages with Heidegger’s attempt to re-think the human being. It shows that Heidegger re-thinks the human being by challenging the way the human being has been thought, and the mode of thinking traditionally used to think about the human being. I spend significant time discussing Heidegger’s attempt before, in the final section, asking some critical questions of Heidegger’s endeavour and pointing out how his analysis can re-invigorate contemporary attempts to understand the human being.
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  42.  47
    Overcoming Philosophy: Heidegger, Metaphysics, and the Transformation to Thinking. [REVIEW]Gavin Rae - 2013 - Human Studies 36 (2):235-257.
    Heidegger’s critique of metaphysics is central to his attempt to re-instantiate the question of being. This paper examines Heidegger’s critique of metaphysics by looking at the relationship between metaphysics and thought. This entails an identification of the intimate relationship Heidegger maintains exists between philosophy and metaphysics, an analysis of Heidegger’s critique of this association, and a discussion of his proposal that philosophy has been so damaged by its association with metaphysics that it must be replaced with meditative thinking. It is (...)
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  43.  44
    Traces of Identity In Deleuze’s Differential Ontology.Gavin Rae - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (1):86-105.
    Deleuze’s differential ontology is a sustained attempt to think and affirm difference as opposed to the unity of identity he insists philosophical thought has tended to privilege. However, by distinguishing between three senses of identity, termed identity of the identical, same, and common, I show that, while Deleuze’s differential ontology offers a powerful critique of identity in the senses of the identical and same, at numerous points in his analysis, such as the virtual-actual movement, the transcendental conditions defining different forms (...)
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  44.  13
    Madness Decolonized?: Madness as Transnational Identity in Gail Hornstein’s Agnes’s Jacket.Gavin Miller - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (3):303-323.
    The US psychologist Gail Hornstein’s monograph, Agnes’s Jacket: A Psychologist’s Search for the Meanings of Madness, is an important intervention in the identity politics of the mad movement. Hornstein offers a resignified vision of mad identity that embroiders the central trope of an “anti-colonial” struggle to reclaim the experiential world “colonized” by psychiatry. A series of literal and figurative appeals makes recourse to the inner world and cultural world of the mad as well as to the ethno-symbolic cultural materials of (...)
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  45.  11
    Moving Beyond Concerns of Autonomy.Gavin G. Enck - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):26-28.
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  46.  14
    Watch Me If You Can: Imagery Ability Moderates Observational Learning Effectiveness.Gavin Lawrence, Nichola Callow & Ross Roberts - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  47.  11
    Pharmaceutically Enhancing Medical Professionals for Difficult Conversations.Gavin G. Enck - 2013 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 23 (1):45-55.
    Conducting “difficult conversations” with patients and caregivers is one of the most difficult aspects of the medical profession. These conversations can involve communicating a terminal prognosis, advance care planning, or changing the goals of treatment. Although they are challenging, the need for these conversations is underwritten by the tenets of medical ethics. Unfortunately, medical professionals lack adequate training in communication skills and overestimate their abilities in conducting difficult conversations. I suggest that one way to improve that ability would be the (...)
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  48.  13
    Being and Technology: Heidegger on the Overcoming of Metaphysics.Gavin Rae - 2012 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 43 (3):305-325.
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  49.  13
    A Responsibility to Chemically Help Patients with Relationships and Love?Gavin G. Enck & Jeanna Ford - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (4):493-496.
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  50.  13
    Nightingale's Geography.Gavin J. Andrews - 2003 - Nursing Inquiry 10 (4):270-274.
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