Results for 'Body, Human (Philosophy'

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  1.  89
    The Meaning of the Body: Aesthetics of Human Understanding.Mark Johnson - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
    The belief that the mind and the body are separate and that the mind is the source of all meaning has been a part of Western culture for centuries. Both philosophers and scientists have questioned this dualism, but their efforts have rarely converged. Many philosophers continue to rely on disembodied models of human thought, while scientists tend to reduce the complex process of thinking to a merely physical phenomenon. In The Meaning of the Body , Mark Johnson continues his (...)
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  2. Metaphysical Writings Elements of Philosophy Concerning Body , Human Nature , Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes & Mary Whiton Calkins - 1989
     
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  3.  14
    Politics and the Human Body: Assault on Dignity.Jean Bethke Elshtain & J. Timothy Cloyd (eds.) - 1995 - Vanderbilt University Press.
    Who or what determines the right to die? Do advancing reproductive technologies change reproductive rights? What forces influence cultural standards of beauty? How do discipline, punishment, and torture reflect our attitudes about the human body? In this challenging new book, Jean Bethke Elshtain, a nationally recognized scholar in political science and philosophy, and J. Timothy Cloyd, a strong new voice in social and political science, have assembled a collection of thought-provoking essays on these issues written by some of the (...)
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  4.  2
    Introduction to the Issue: Psychophysical Integrity of the Human Self. Comparative Approach: Philosophy, Literature and Art.Marzenna Jakubczak - 2015 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 5 (1):5-8.
    The current issue of Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal (2015, vol. 5, no. 1) provides a platform for cross‑cultural studies of the human body, the embodied mind, agency, intentionality, and various axiological aspects of the human psychophysical identity. Out of the twenty articles that compose this issue, thirteen original papers address the leading theme, namely Psychophysical integrity of the human self. Comparative approach: philosophy, literature and art. The multidisciplinary and comparative perspectives include references to Western and eastern cultural (...)
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  5. Meditations on First Philosophy in Which the Existence of God and the Distinction of the Human Soul From the Body Are Demonstrated.René Descartes & George Heffernan - 1992
     
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  6. Meditations on First Philosophy. Second Meditation: The Nature of the Human Mind, and How It is Better Known Than the Body, and Sixth Meditation: The Existence of Material Things, and the Real Distinction Between Mind and Body. Reproduced From Descartes (1985).René Descartes - 2002 - In David J. Chalmers (ed.), Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings. Oxford University Press. pp. 10--21.
     
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  7.  43
    The 'Medical Body' as Philosophy's Arena.Martyn Evans - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (1):17-32.
    Medicine, as Byron Good argues, reconstitutes thehuman body of our daily experience as a medical body,unfamiliar outside medicine. This reconstitution can be seen intwo ways: as a salutary reminder of the extent to which thereality even of the human body is constructed; and as anarena for what Stephen Toulmin distinguishes as theintersection of natural science and history, in which many ofphilosophy''s traditional questionsare given concrete and urgent form.This paper begins by examining a number of dualities between themedical body (...)
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  8. The Philosophy of Human Body: Malebranche and La Mettrie.M. Bozovic - 2002 - Filozofski Vestnik 23 (1):199-208.
     
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  9. Thoughts on the Human Body. The Relationship Between Philosophy and Biology in the Works of Nietzsche.C. Ferro - 1997 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 26 (3-4):361-389.
     
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  10. The Body of a Human, Transhuman and Posthuman in Modern Art in the Context of Naturalness and Artificiality with Reference to Gernot Bohme\'s Philosophy and Aesthtetic of the Body'.Wioletta Kazimierska-Jerzyk - 2005 - Art Inquiry. Recherches Sur les Arts 7:69-84.
     
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  11. The life-World and the human body as problems in the philosophy of religion.Balazs M. Mezei - 2000 - Recherches Husserliennes 14:27-48.
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  12. The Body Identical With the Human Mind: A Problem in Spinoza’s Philosophy.Odegard Douglas - 1971 - The Monist 55 (4):579-601.
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  13. On the Uniqueness of Socrates: Political Philosophy and the Rediscovery of the Human Body.Jv Schall - 1995 - Gregorianum 76 (2):343-362.
    L'A. part d'une double question sur l'unicité de la figure de Socrate et sur le caractère utopique ou non de la cité idéale présentée par Platon dans «La République». Il étudie en particulier le livre V, qu'il analyse à travers les commentaires de Bruell et Dobbs . L'A. montre finalement l'influence du platonisme sur certaines conceptions chrétiennes, celle du corps chez Saint Augustin en particulier.
     
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  14. The Philosophy of the Body.Stuart F. Spicker - 1970 - Chicago: Quadrangle Books.
    Of the nature and origin of the mind, by B. de Spinoza.--Spinoza and the theory of organism, by H. Jonas.--Man a machine, and The natural history of the soul, by J. O. de la Mettrie.--On the first ground of the distinction of regions in space, and What is orientation in thinking? by I. Kant.--Soul and body, by J. Dewey.--The philosophical concept of a human body, by D. C. Long.--Are persons bodies? By B. A. O. Williams.--Lived body, environment, and ego, (...)
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  15.  45
    Body Consciousness: A Philosophy of Mindfulness and Somaesthetics.Richard Shusterman - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Contemporary culture increasingly suffers from problems of attention, over-stimulation, and stress, and a variety of personal and social discontents generated by deceptive body images. This book argues that improved body consciousness can relieve these problems and enhance one's knowledge, performance, and pleasure. The body is our basic medium of perception and action, but focused attention to its feelings and movements has long been criticised as a damaging distraction that also ethically corrupts through self-absorption. In Body Consciousness, Richard Shusterman refutes such (...)
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  16. The Human Body as Material Subject of the World.Samuel Todes - 1990 - Garland.
  17.  46
    Dialectics of the Body: Corporeality in the Philosophy of T.W. Adorno.Lisa Yun Lee - 2004 - Routledge.
    The aim of this book is to understand what Deleuze and Guattari mean by "art." Stephen Zepke argues that art, in their account, is an ontological term and an ontological practice that results in a new understanding of aesthetics. For Deleuze and Guattari understanding what art "is" means understanding how it works, what it does, how it "becomes," and finally, how it lives. This book illuminates these philosophers' discussion of ontology from the viewpoint of art-and vice versa-in a thorough questioning (...)
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  18. The Philosophy of the Body Rejections of Cartesian Dualism.Stuart F. Spicker - 1970 - Quadrangle Books.
     
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  19. Studied Abroad for 400 Years: Oliva Sabuco's New Philosophy of Human Nature.Mary Ellen Waithe - manuscript
    Oliva Sabuco's New Philosophy of Human nature (1587) is an early modern philosophy of medicine that challenged the views of the successors to Aristotle, especially Galen and Ibn Sina (Avicenna). It also challenged the paradigm of the male as the epitome of the human and instead offers a gender-neutral philosophy of human nature. Now largely forgotten, it was widely read and influential amongst philosophers of medicine including DeClave, LePois, Harvey,Southey and others, particularly for its account of the (...)
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  20. The Open Figure of Experience and Mind: Review Essay of John Russon's Human Experience: Philosophy, Neurosis, and the Elements of Everyday Life.David Morris - 2006 - Dialogue 45:315-326.
    This review of John Russon's Human Experience: Philosophy, Neurosis, and the Elements of Everyday Life focuses on Russon's position that experience is open (having a developmental, situated and dynamic, rather than fixed, structure) and figured (having a structure inseparable from forms of bodily function), and that mind is something learned in the process of working out experience as figured and open. These themes are drawn together in relation to recent scientific discussions (e.g., of bodily dynamics, mirror neurons, robotic systems (...)
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  21. The Philosophical Concept of a Human Body.Douglas C. Long - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (July):321-337.
    I argue in this paper that philosophers have not clearly introduced the concept of a body in terms of which the problem of other minds and its solutions have been traditionally stated; that one can raise fatal objections to attempts to introduce this concept; and that the particular form of the problem of other minds which is stated in terms of the concept is confused and requires no solution. The concept of a "body" which may or may not be the (...)
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  22. Leibniz on Emotions and the Human Body.Markku Roinila - 2011 - In Breger Herbert, Herbst Jürgen & Erdner Sven (eds.), Natur und Subjekt (IX. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress Vorträge). Leibniz Geschellschaft.
    Descartes argued that the passions of the soul were immediately felt in the body, as the animal spirits, affected by the movement of the pineal gland, spread through the body. In Leibniz the effect of emotions in the body is a different question as he did not allow the direct interaction between the mind and the body, although maintaining a psychophysical parallelism between them. -/- In general, he avoids discussing emotions in bodily terms, saying that general inclinations, passions, pleasures and (...)
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  23.  18
    Fragments for a History of the Human Body.Michel Feher, Ramona Naddaff & Nadia Tazi - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (2):276-278.
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  24. The Philosophy of Body.Michael A. Proudfoot (ed.) - 2003
    This timely collection brings together new discussions of the body from seven leading contributors with a wide variety of philosophical outlooks. The papers deal with the role of the body in the concept of the self, in perceptions, intention and action, in Artificial Intelligence, in thinking about sex and gender, and in psychoanalytical thinking. A collection of specially written articles discussing the wide variety of treatments of the body. Timely publication bringing together new discussions of the body from seven leading (...)
     
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  25.  14
    Plato & Dukor on Philosophy of Sports, Physical Education and African Philosophy: The Role of Virtue and Value in Maintaining Body, Soul and Societal Development.Ani Casimir - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):231.
    To the question,“what is sports”, or what is a good sports activity or event, I am sure Plato would know what to say, using references to his philosophical division of man into three parts, namely: the appetite soul; the emotional soul and the reasonable soul. Plato would have said that sports comes from the human person and being, and so, for any particular sports to be accorded the accolade of goodness it must have the correspondence of the three constituent (...)
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  26.  9
    Philosophy of Body.Joyce Corriero & Carolyn Q. Hickey - 2003 - Questions: Philosophy for Young People 3:11-12.
    Dialogial inquiry is proposed to second grade students in this project, and dialogue, that examines the philosophy of the human body.
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  27.  29
    Assumptions About Human Nature and the Impact of Philosophical Concepts on Professional Issues: A Questionnaire-Based Study with 800 Students From Psychology, Philosophy, and Science.Jochen Fahrenberg Marcus Cheetham - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 183-201.
    Philosophical anthropology is concerned with assumptions about human nature, differential psychology with the empirical investigation of such belief systems. A questionnaire composed of 64 questions concerning brain and consciousness, free will, evolution, meaning of life, belief in God, and theodicy problem was used to gather data from 563 students of psychology at seven universities and from 233 students enrolled in philosophy or the natural sciences. Essential concepts were monism–dualism–complementarity, atheism–agnosticism–deism–theism, attitude toward transcendence–immanence, and self-ratings of religiosity and interest in (...)
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  28.  14
    Pedagogy in the Myth of Plato's "Statesman:" Body and Soul in Relation to Philosophy and Politics.Scott R. Hemmenway - 1994 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 11 (3):253 - 268.
    Because the young Socrates has presuppositions typical of a mathematician about the independence of the mind from the body, he has to be led to a fuller appreciation of the human soul, i.e., embodied intelligence, in order to understand statesmanship. The Eleatic Stranger thus tells a myth about an age where men age backwards, are born out of the earth, and are cared for by shepherd/gods. This affords the opportunity to think quite radically about how the body shapes the (...)
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  29.  12
    The Story of the Body and the Story of the Person: Towards an Ethics of Representing Human Bodies and Body-Parts.Y. Michael Barilan - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (2):193-205.
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  30.  40
    The Aesthetics of the Body in the Philosophy and Art of the Middle Ages: Text and Image.Ricardo Luiz Silveira da Costa - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (SPE):161-178.
    A ideia de beleza - e sua consequente fruição estética - variou conforme as transformações das sociedades humanas, no tempo. Durante a Idade Média, coexistiram diversas concepções de qual era o papel do corpo na hierarquia dos valores estéticos, tanto na Filosofia quanto na Arte. Nossa proposta é apresentar a estética do corpo medieval que alguns filósofos desenvolveram em seus tratados (particularmente Isidoro de Sevilha, Hildegarda de Bingen, João de Salisbury, Bernardo de Claraval e Tomás de Aquino), além de algumas (...)
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  31.  1
    Biosocial Selfhood: Overcoming the ‘Body-Social Problem’ Within the Individuation of the Human Self.Higgins Joe - 2017 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-22.
    In a recent paper, Kyselo argues that an enactive approach to selfhood can overcome ‘the body-social problem’: “the question for philosophy of cognitive science about how bodily and social aspects figure in the individuation of the human individual self” ). Kyselo’s claim is that we should conceive of the human self as a socially enacted phenomenon that is bodily mediated. Whilst there is much to be praised about this claim, I will demonstrate in this paper that such a (...)
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  32.  41
    Body Consciousness: A Philosophy of Mindfulness and Somaesthetics (Review).Eric C. Mullis - 2011 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 45 (1):123-127.
    One aspect of Richard Shusterman’s work is indicative of a broad movement to develop a robust philosophy of embodiment. Thinkers from diverse fields—such as feminism, pragmatism, and continental philosophy—have criticized Western philosophy’s suppression of embodiment and have gone on to suggest how the philosophy of the body can enrich our understanding of issues that arise within traditional fields such as ethics and aesthetics. Further, work in this area can provide novel insights into personal identity, gender, linguistics, and philosophy of mind. (...)
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  33.  42
    PHRU 1000-006/010 Philosophy of Human Nature.Gyula Klima - unknown
    This course covers paradigmatic accounts of human nature in ancient, medieval, and early modern philosophy, through a careful reading of selected primary texts and contemporary commentary. Major topics will include knowledge and opinion; body and soul; immortality, rationality, and freedom of the will; created being and goodness as emanations of divine perfection. The main focus of the discussions will be on the metaphysical foundations of moral value in the pre-modern tradition, and the conceptual changes shaking these metaphysical foundations with (...)
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  34. The Meaning of the Body: Aesthetics of Human Understanding.Mark Johnson - 2008 - University of Chicago Press.
    In _The Meaning of the Body_, Mark Johnson continues his pioneering work on the exciting connections between cognitive science, language, and meaning first begun in the classic _Metaphors We Live By_. Johnson uses recent research into infant psychology to show how the body generates meaning even before self-consciousness has fully developed. From there he turns to cognitive neuroscience to further explore the bodily origins of meaning, thought, and language and examines the many dimensions of meaning—including images, qualities, emotions, and metaphors—that (...)
     
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  35.  20
    Thinking Through the Body: Essays in Somaesthetics.Richard Shusterman - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thinking through the body: educating for the humanities -- The body as background -- Self-knowledge and its discontents: from Socrates to somaesthetics -- Muscle memory and the somaesthetic pathologies of everyday life -- Somaesthetics in the philosophy classroom: a practical approach -- Somaesthetics and the limits of aesthetics -- Somaesthetics and Burke's sublime -- Pragmatism and cultural politics: from textualism to somaesthetics -- Body consciousness and performance -- Somaesthetics and architecture: a critical option -- Photography as performative process -- Asian (...)
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  36.  61
    The Constitution of the Human Body in Plato's Timaeus.Filip Karfík - 2012 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):167-181.
    The author emphasizes the fact that the largest part of Plato’s Timaeus deals with human nature and offers a detailed account of the constitution of the human body. He then lists the parallels and the differences between the constitution of the world body and the human body. The central part of the paper deals with Plato’s explanation of the persistence of the human body within a bodily environment which causes its dissolution. The author pays a special (...)
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  37.  11
    Fichte on the Human Body as an Instrument of Perception.Kienhow Goh - 2015 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (1):37-56.
    This paper considers what Fichte's conception of the human body as an instrument of perception entails for his radical principle of the primacy of practice. According to Fichte, perception is a function of what he calls the "articulation" of the human body, as opposed to its "organization." I first provide an interpretation of his theory of the human-bodily articulation by arguing that he construes it as a product of culture as well as nature. On this basis, I (...)
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  38. On the Concept of the Human Body in Heraclitus.Shawn Loht - forthcoming - Proceedings of the Southeast Philosophy Congress.
    Explores how the fragments of Heraclitus might yield an implicit understanding of the human body in distinction to the soul. In the history of scholarship on Heraclitus, soul is a much better understood concept, whereas it is normally assumed that Heraclitus, along with other figures of early Greek thought, shows only the most limited comprehension of the human being in terms of bodily form or substance. In this work I sketch some different ways in which Heraclitus’ accounts of (...)
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  39.  14
    “All Things Are Already Complete in My Body”: An Explanation of the Views of the Taizhou School on the Human Body. [REVIEW]Hong Yu - 2010 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (3):396-413.
    By means of a theoretical analysis from the point of view of phenomenology of the body, this essay tries to explain the views of Taizhou School on the body so as to apprehend the essence of Confucian thought, which is a philosophy that seeks to “establish oneself” and “cultivate oneself” rather than a “philosophy of consciousness.”.
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  40.  12
    The Specificity of Human Body.Salahaddin Khalilov - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:91-96.
    A human being is the carrier of two different ideas, and there is no direct relation between them. One of these ideas refers to the body. The body itself is a system genetically coded and programmed in advance. On the other hand, one part of the body – the brain – appears to be the carrier of another idea that reflects the whole Universe – the Cosmos. Due to the function human (concretely, brain) is Microcosm, regarded as epitomizing (...)
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  41.  12
    Lifeworlds: Essays in Existential Anthropology.Michael Jackson - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    The scope of existential anthropology -- How to do things with stones -- Knowledge of the body -- The migration of a name: Alexander in Africa -- The man who could turn into an elephant -- Custom and conflict in Sierra Leone: an essay on anarchy -- Migrant imaginaries: with Sewa Koroma in southeast London -- The stories that shadow us -- Foreign and familiar bodies: a phenomenological exploration of the human-technology interface -- The prose of suffering -- On (...)
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  42.  15
    Heidegger Among the Sculptors: Body, Space, and the Art of Dwelling.Andrew Mitchell - 2010 - Stanford University Press.
    In the 1950s and 60s, Martin Heidegger turned to sculpture to rethink the relationship between bodies and space and the role of art in our lives. In his texts on the subject—a catalog contribution for an Ernst Barlach exhibition, a speech at a gallery opening for Bernhard Heiliger, a lecture on bas-relief depictions of Athena, and a collaboration with Eduardo Chillida—he formulates his later aesthetic theory, a thinking of relationality. Against a traditional view of space as an empty container for (...)
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  43. Soul, Body, and Survival: Essays on the Metaphysics of Human Persons.Kevin Corcoran (ed.) - 2001 - Cornell University Press.
    This collection brings together cutting-edge research on the metaphysics of human nature and soul-body dualism.Kevin Corcoran's collection, Soul, Body, and ...
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  44.  47
    Attunement Through the Body.Shigenori Nagatomo - 1992 - State University of New York Press.
    CHAPTER 1 Ichikawa' s View of the Body INTRODUCTION In 1975, Ichikawa Hiroshi published a remarkable book on the concept of the body entitled, ...
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  45. Our Own Devices: The Past and Future of Body Technology.Edward Tenner - 2003 - Alfred A. Knopf.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface ix -- Chapter One: Technology, Technique, and the Body 3 --Chapter Two: The First Technology: Bottle-Feeding 30 --Chapter Three: Slow Motion: Zori 51 --Chapter Four: Double Time: Athletic Shoes 75 --Chapter Five: Sitting Up Straight: Posture Chairs 104 --Chapter Six: Laid Back: Reclining Chairs 134 --Chapter Seven: Mechanical Arts: Musical Keyboards 161 --Chapter Eight: Letter Perfect?: Text Keyboards 187 --Chapter Nine: Second Sight: Eyeglasses 213 --Chapter Ten: Hardheaded Logic: Helmets 238 --Epilogue: Thumbs Up 263 -- (...)
     
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  46.  34
    Nietzsche on Language, Consciousness, and the Body.Christian Emden - 2005 - University of Illinois Press.
    The irreducibility of language : the history of rhetoric in the age of typewriters -- The failures of empiricism : language, science, and the philosophical tradition -- What is a trope? : the discourse of metaphor and the language of the body -- The nervous systems of modern consciousness : metaphor, physiology, and mind -- Interpretation and life : outlines of an anthropology of knowledge.
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  47.  92
    Body and Flesh: A Philosophical Reader.Donn Welton (ed.) - 1998 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The concept of the body is one of the most recent, and hotly contested areas of inquiry among philosophers today.
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  48.  46
    The Body: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Welton Donn (ed.) - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    From Immanuel Kant to Postmodernism, this volume provides an unparalleled student resource: a wide-ranging collection of the essential works of more than 50 seminal thinkers in modern European philosophy.
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  49.  69
    Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade.Stephen Wilkinson - 2003 - Routledge.
    _Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade _explores the philosophical and practical issues raised by activities such as surrogacy and organ trafficking. Stephen Wilkinson asks what is it that makes some commercial uses of the body controversial, whether the arguments against commercial exploitation stand up, and whether legislation outlawing such practices is really justified. In Part One Wilkinson explains and analyses some of the notoriously slippery concepts used in the body commodification debate, including exploitation, harm (...)
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  50. Imaginary Bodies: Ethics, Power, and Corporeality.Moira Gatens - 1995 - Routledge.
    Imaginary Bodies is a collection of essays that offer a sustained challenge to traditional philosophical notions of the body, sex and gender. Moira Gatens explores alternative positions to dualism by exploring psychoanalytic, Foucaultian and Spinozist notions of embodiment. The book traces a largely neglected geneaology of philosophers from Spinoza, Nietzsche, Freud, Foucault and Deleuze and sets this tradition against that of the Enlightenment. What emerges are new ways of thinking those aspects of life which Gatens calls "imaginary." Confining herself to (...)
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