Results for 'Bonnie Sadler Takach'

712 found
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  1.  2
    Selections From Michael Sadler. Studies in World Citizenship.Vernon Mallinson, Dr J. H. Higginson & Michael Sadler - 1980 - British Journal of Educational Studies 28 (3):243.
  2.  25
    How Informed is Online Informed Consent?Connie K. Varnhagen, Matthew Gushta, Jason Daniels, Tara C. Peters, Neil Parmar, Danielle Law, Rachel Hirsch, Bonnie Sadler Takach & Tom Johnson - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (1):37-48.
    We examined participants' reading and recall of informed consent documents presented via paper or computer. Within each presentation medium, we presented the document as a continuous or paginated document to simulate common computer and paper presentation formats. Participants took slightly longer to read paginated and computer informed consent documents and recalled slightly more information from the paginated documents. We concluded that obtaining informed consent online is not substantially different than obtaining it via paper presentation. We also provide suggestions for improving (...)
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  3.  73
    Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis.John Z. Sadler - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    The public, mental health consumers, as well as mental health practitioners wonder about what kinds of values mental health professionals hold, and what kinds of values influence psychiatric diagnosis. Are mental disorders socio-political, practical, or scientific concepts? Is psychiatric diagnosis value-neutral? What role does the fundamental philosophical question "How should I live?" play in mental health care? In his carefully nuanced and exhaustively referenced monograph, psychiatrist and philosopher of psychiatry John Z. Sadler describes the manifold kinds of values and (...)
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  4.  55
    Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain.James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.
  5.  40
    Beyond STS: A Research‐Based Framework for Socioscientific Issues Education.Dana L. Zeidler, Troy D. Sadler, Michael L. Simmons & Elaine V. Howes - 2005 - Science Education 89 (3):357-377.
  6.  95
    Can Medicalization Be Good? Situating Medicalization Within Bioethics.John Z. Sadler, Fabrice Jotterand, Simon Craddock Lee & Stephen Inrig - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (6):411-425.
    Medicalization has been a process articulated primarily by social scientists, historians, and cultural critics. Comparatively little is written about the role of bioethics in appraising medicalization as a social process. The authors consider what medicalization means, its definition, functions, and criteria for assessment. A series of brief case sketches illustrate how bioethics can contribute to the analysis and public policy discussion of medicalization.
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  7. The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice. [REVIEW]Jennifer Radden & John Sadler - 2010 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 5:1-2.
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  8.  30
    Legal Authority to Preserve Organs in Cases of Uncontrolled Cardiac Death: Preserving Family Choice.Richard J. Bonnie, Stephanie Wright & Kelly K. Dineen - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):741-751.
    The gap between the number of organs available for transplant and the number of individuals who need transplanted organs continues to increase. At the same time, thousands of transplantable organs are needlessly overlooked every year for the single reason that they come from individuals who were declared dead according to cardio pulmonary criteria. Expanding the donor population to individuals who die uncontrolled cardiac deaths will reduce this disparity, but only if organ preservation efforts are utilized. Concern about potential legal liability (...)
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  9.  40
    The Significance of Content Knowledge for Informal Reasoning Regarding Socioscientific Issues: Applying Genetics Knowledge to Genetic Engineering Issues.Troy D. Sadler & Dana L. Zeidler - 2005 - Science Education 89 (1):71-93.
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  10.  10
    Legal Authority to Preserve Organs in Cases of Uncontrolled Cardiac Death: Preserving Family Choice.Richard J. Bonnie, Stephanie Wright & Kelly K. Dineen - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):741-751.
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  11.  23
    A Threshold Model of Content Knowledge Transfer for Socioscientific Argumentation.Troy D. Sadler & Samantha R. Fowler - 2006 - Science Education 90 (6):986-1004.
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  12.  40
    Shared Intentions and Shared Responsibility.Brook Jenkins Sadler - 2006 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):115–144.
  13.  39
    The Morality of Socioscientific Issues: Construal and Resolution of Genetic Engineering Dilemmas.Troy D. Sadler & Dana L. Zeidler - 2004 - Science Education 88 (1):4-27.
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  14.  32
    Heidegger and Aristotle: The Question of Being.Ted Sadler - 1996 - Athlone.
    Yet, hitherto, there has been no attempt to reconstruct the relation betwen these two thinkers, a major interpretative task for which "Heidegger and Aristotle" ...
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  15. Points to Consider.Laura Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana Itlis, John Sadler & Benjamin Wilfond - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1-9.
    Research ethics consultation is increasingly recognized as a potentially valuable mechanism for addressing the depth and breadth of ethical issues that arise in research related to human health and well-being. However, fundamental questions remain, including: What is “research ethics consultation”? And what is its justification beyond the purposes already served by existing entities? We examine how a research ethics consultation service may differ from or complement the role of an institutional review board by offering a definition of research ethics consultation (...)
     
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  16.  5
    Closing the Organ Gap: A Reciprocity-Based Social Contract Approach.Gil Siegal & Richard J. Bonnie - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):415-423.
  17. The Possibility of Amoralism: A Defence Against Internalism.Brook J. Sadler - 2003 - Philosophy 78 (1):63-78.
    A defence of the possibility of amoralism is important to discussions about the foundations of ethics and the justification of morality. I argue against Michael Smith's attempt to show, through a defence of internalism, that amoralism is incoherent. I argue first, that a de dicto reading of the externalist's explanation of changes in motivation which are pursuant upon changes in judgement is not objectionable or implausible as Smith contends; and second, that internalism cannot account for the effort of the will (...)
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  18.  26
    Dignity, Arête , and Hubris in the Transhumanist Debate.John Z. Sadler - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):67-68.
  19. The 1930s Christian Philosophy Debates.Gregory B. Sadler - 2012 - Acta Philosophica 21 (2):393 - 406.
     
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  20.  33
    Teaching Ethics Using Small-Group, Problem-Based Learning.J. W. Tysinger, L. K. Klonis, J. Z. Sadler & J. M. Wagner - 1997 - Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (5):315-318.
    Ethics is the emphasis of our first-year Introduction to Clinical Medicine-1 course. Introduction to Clinical Medicine-1 uses problem-based learning to involve groups of seven to nine students and two facilitators in realistic clinical cases. The cases emphasize ethics, but also include human behaviour, basic science, clinical medicine, and prevention learning issues. Three cases use written vignettes, while the other three cases feature standardized patients. Groups meet twice for each case. In session one, students read the case introduction, obtain data from (...)
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  21. Nature and Narrative: An Introduction to the New Philosophy of Psychiatry.Bill Fulford, Katherine Morris, John Z. Sadler & Giovanni Stanghellini (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Nature and Narrative is the launch volume in a new series of books entitled International Perspectives in Philosophy and Psychiatry. The series will aim to build links between the sciences and humanities in psychiatry. Our ability to decipher mental disorders depends to a unique extent on both the sciences and the humanities. Science provides insight into the 'causes' of a problem, enabling us to formulate an 'explanation', and the humanities provide insight into its 'meanings' and helps with our 'understanding'. Psychiatry, (...)
     
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  22.  4
    Points to Consider: The Research Ethics Consultation Service and the IRB.Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1.
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  23.  45
    Collective Responsibility, Universalizability, and Social Practices.Brook J. Sadler - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (3):486–503.
  24.  34
    Psychiatric Molecular Genetics and the Ethics of Social Promises.John Z. Sadler - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):27-34.
    A recent literature review of commentaries and ‘state of the art’ articles from researchers in psychiatric genetics (PMG) offers a consensus about progress in the science of genetics, disappointments in the discovery of new and effective treatments, and a general optimism about the future of the field. I argue that optimism for the field of psychiatric molecular genetics (PMG) is overwrought, and consider progress in the field in reference to a sample estimate of US National Institute of Mental Health funding (...)
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  25.  70
    Recognizing Values: A Descriptive-Causal Method for Medical/Scientific Discourses.J. Z. Sadler - 1997 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (6):541-565.
    While much discussion in bioethics, philosophy of science, and philosophy of medicine concerns the proper handling and uses of value considerations, there has been little discussion about how to identify or recognize values in medical/scientific discourse. This article presents a heuristic method for identifying values in such discourses. Values are defined as descriptions or conditions that guide human action and are praise- or blameworthy. Values manifest themselves in discourses in one or more of three dimensions: linguistic, causal, and descriptive; each (...)
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  26.  8
    Pharmaceutical Company Influence.John Z. Sadler - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):S22-S22.
  27.  15
    Closing the Organ Gap: A Reciprocity-Based Social Contract Approach.Gil Siegal & Richard J. Bonnie - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (2):415-423.
    Organ transplantation has become a proven, cost-effective lifesaving treatment, but its promise is contingent on the number of available organs. The growing gap between the demand and supply results in unnecessary loss and diminished quality of life as well as high costs for surviving patients and health insurers. Twenty years after the enactment of the National Organ Transplantation Act, it is time to rethink the moral basis and overall design of organ transplantation policy. We propose a national plan for organ (...)
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  28.  4
    Having Conversations About Organ Donation.Blair L. Sadler & Nicole Robins Sadler - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (5):inside back cover-inside back co.
    While 90 percent of participants in a 2005 Gallup poll indicated that they would donate an organ if asked, only 40 percent of Americans have registered to do so, according to 2012 data from Donate Life America; likely even fewer have shared their donation wishes with loved ones. Undoubtedly, the single biggest reason for the discrepancy between the number of potential transplants and the number actually performed is our failure to talk with loved ones about our wishes regarding organ donation. (...)
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  29.  1
    Fable Hospital 2.0: The Business Case for Building Better Health Care Facilities.Blair L. Sadler, Leonard L. Berry, Robin Guenther, D. Kirk Hamilton, Frederick A. Hessler, Clayton Merritt & Derek Parker - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (1):13-23.
  30.  53
    Can the Amorlist Only Be ‘Right’?: A Closer Look at the Inverted Commas Argument.Brook Jenkins Sadler - 2000 - Southwest Philosophy Review 17 (1):113-122.
  31. AIDS 519 Murphy, Timothy F. Health-Care Workers with AIDS and a Patient's Right to Know 553 Nelson, James Lindemann. Publicity and Pricelessness: Grassroots Decisionmaking and Justice in Rationing 333. [REVIEW]Laurence J. O'Connell, James Parker, Mary C. Rawlinson, Massimo Reichlin, David Resnik, John Sadler, Yosaf Hulgus, George Agich, Marian Gray Secundy & Mark J. Sedler - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19:641-645.
  32. The Wrongs of Plagiarism: Ten Quick Arguments.Brook J. Sadler - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (3):283-291.
    I offer ten arguments to demonstrate why student plagiarism is unethical. In sum, plagiarism may be theft; involve deception that treats professors as a mere means; violate the trust upon which the professor-student relationship depends; be unfair to other students in more than one way; diminish the student’s education; indulge vices such as indolence and cowardice; foreclose access to the internal goods of the discipline; diminish the value of a university degree; undercut creative self-expression and acceptance of epistemic limitations; and (...)
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  33.  17
    Vice and Mental Disorders.John Z. Sadler - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 451.
    The concept of vice-wrongful or criminal conduct-poses a metaphysical clash with the non-moral values of impairment, injury, and incapacity that drive illness/disorder concepts. Nevertheless, vice and disorder concepts have interpenetrated psychiatry past and present through practical social-service interactions between the mental health, adult and juvenile criminal justice, and intellectual disability systems. This chapter will unpack and briefly review the philosophical issues, including considerations of moral and legal responsibility, diagnostic constructs, and the medicalization of vice in contemporary psychiatry.
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  34.  3
    Social and Ethical Issues in Science Education: A Prelude to Action.Dana L. Zeidler & Troy D. Sadler - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (8-9):799-803.
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  35.  9
    The Experience of Friendship.William A. Sadler - forthcoming - Humanitas.
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  36.  15
    Diseases, Functions, Values, and Psychiatric Classification.John Z. Sadler & George J. Agich - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (3):219-231.
  37. Past Improbable, Future Possible: The Renaissance in Philosophy and Psychiatry. Chapter 1 (P1-41).K. W. M. Fulford, K. J. Morris, J. Z. Sadler & G. Stanghellini - 2003 - In Nature and Narrative: An Introduction to the New Philosophy of Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
  38.  64
    Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication?Richard J. Bonnie - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):760-763.
    The determinative issue in applying the insanity defense is whether the defendant experienced a legally relevant functional impairment at the time of the offense. Categorical exclusion of personality disorders from the definition of mental disease is clinically and morally arbitrary because it may lead to unfair conviction of a defendant with a personality disorder who actually experienced severe, legally relevant impairments at the time of the crime. There is no need to consider such a drastic approach in most states and (...)
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  39. A Madness for the Philosophy of Psychiatry.John Z. Sadler - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):357-359.
  40.  44
    Mercy and Justice in St. Anselm’s Proslogion.Gregory B. Sadler - 2006 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (1):41-61.
    An important issue raised and resolved in St. Anselm’s Proslogion is the compatibility between justice and mercy as divine attributes. In this paper I argue that Anselm’s discussion of divine justice and mercy is an exploration of God’s nature as quo maius cogitari non potest, and that his discussion contributes to a better understanding of the complicated relationship between God and creatures—including the creatures attempting to know or argue about God. It seems at first that God’s mercy must be in (...)
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  41. Special Issue: Aristotle, Function, and Mental Disorder.John Z. Sadler & K. W. M. Fulford - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (1).
  42.  2
    Nothing New Left to Say: Plagiarism, Originality, and the Discipline of Philosophy.Brook J. Sadler - 2012 - Florida Philosophical Review 12 (1):1-16.
    I argue that to see certain textual practices as instances of plagiarism depends upon prior assumptions about the nature of authorship and originality. I introduce key ideas from Kant's essay "On the Unauthorized Publication of Books" as a clue to the modern notion of authorship and from Foucault's "What Is an Author?" which offers a postmodern deconstruction of the author. I explain how the current proliferation of student plagiarism can be viewed as a radical departure from both of these views, (...)
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  43.  15
    Personalized Disclosure by Information-on-Demand: Attending to Patients' Needs in the Informed Consent Process.Gil Siegal, Richard J. Bonnie & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):359-367.
    Obtaining informed consent has typically become a stylized ritual of presenting and signing a form, in which physicians are acting defensively and patients lack control over the content and flow of information. This leaves patients at risk both for being under-informed relative to their decisional needs and of receiving more information than they need or desire. By personalizing the process of seeking and receiving information and allowing patients to specify their desire for information in a prospective manner, we aim to (...)
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  44.  85
    Identifying the Motivations of Chimpanzees: Culture and Collaboration.Victoria Horner, Kristin E. Bonnie & Frans B. M. de Waal - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):704-705.
    Tomasello et al. propose that shared intentionality is a uniquely human ability. In light of this, we discuss several cultural behaviors that seem to result from a motivation to share experiences with others, suggest evidence for coordination and collaboration among chimpanzees, and cite recent findings that counter the argument that the predominance of emulation in chimpanzees reflects a deficit in intention reading.
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  45.  80
    Guest Editorial: Who Is My Neighbor? Introductory Explorations.Rodney S. Sadler - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (2):115-121.
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  46.  15
    Reflections on Fairness in UNOS Allocation Policies.Gil Siegal & Richard J. Bonnie - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):28 – 29.
  47.  4
    Personalized Disclosure by Information-on-Demand: Attending to Patients' Needs in the Informed Consent Process.Gil Siegal, Richard J. Bonnie & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):359-367.
  48.  16
    Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication?Richard J. Bonnie - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):760-763.
  49.  34
    On Values in Recent American Psychiatric Classification.J. Z. Sadler, Y. F. Hulgus & G. J. Agich - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (3):261-277.
    The DSM-IV, like its predecessors, will be a major influence on American psychiatry. As a consequence, continuing analysis of its assumptions is essential. Review of the manuals as well as conceptually-oriented literature on DSM-III, DSM-III-R, and DSM-IV reveals that the authors of these classifications have paid little attention to the explicit and implicit value commitments made by the classifications. The response to DSM criticisms and controversy has often been to incorporate more scientific diversity into the classification, instead of careful inquiry (...)
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  50.  36
    Situating Lacan’s Mirror Stage in the Symbolic Order.Gregory B. Sadler - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 2 (5):10-18.
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