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  1. Axiomatic Natural Philosophy and the Emergence of Biology as a Science.Hein van den Berg & Boris Demarest - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (3):379-422.
    Ernst Mayr argued that the emergence of biology as a special science in the early nineteenth century was possible due to the demise of the mathematical model of science and its insistence on demonstrative knowledge. More recently, John Zammito has claimed that the rise of biology as a special science was due to a distinctive experimental, anti-metaphysical, anti-mathematical, and anti-rationalist strand of thought coming from outside of Germany. In this paper we argue that this narrative neglects the important role played (...)
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  2. Kant's Theory of Scientific Hypotheses in its Historical Context.Boris Demarest & Hein van den Berg - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92:12-19.
    This paper analyzes the historical context and systematic importance of Kant's hypothetical use of reason. It does so by investigating the role of hypotheses in Kant's philosophy of science. We first situate Kant’s account of hypotheses in the context of eighteenth-century German philosophy of science, focusing on the works of Wolff, Meier, and Crusius. We contrast different conceptions of hypotheses of these authors and elucidate the different theories of probability informing them. We then adopt a more systematic perspective to discuss (...)
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  3.  27
    The organism as reality or as fiction: Buffon and beyond.Boris Demarest & Charles T. Wolfe - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, we reflect on the connection between the notions of organism and organisation, with a specific interest in how this bears upon the issue of the reality of the organism. We do this by presenting the case of Buffon, who developed complex views about the relation between the notions of “organised” and “organic” matter. We argue that, contrary to what some interpreters have suggested, these notions are not orthogonal in his thought. Also, we argue that Buffon has a (...)
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  4.  41
    Induction and Certainty in the Physics of Wolff and Crusius.Hein van den Berg & Boris Demarest - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-22.
    In this paper, we analyse conceptions of induction and certainty in Wolff and Crusius, highlighting their competing conceptions of physics. We discuss (i) the perspective of Wolff, who assigned induction an important role in physics, but argued that physics should be an axiomatic science containing certain statements, and (ii) the perspective of Crusius, who adopted parts of the ideal of axiomatic physics but criticized the scope of Wolff’s ideal of certain science. Against interpretations that take Wolff’s proofs in physics to (...)
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  5.  35
    Kant’s epigenesis: specificity and developmental constraints.Boris Demarest - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):3.
    In this paper, I argue that Kant adopted, throughout his career, a position that is much more akin to classical accounts of epigenesis, although he does reject the more radical forms of epigenesis proposed in his own time, and does make use of preformationist sounding terms. I argue that this is because Kant thinks of what is pre-formed as a species, not an individual or a part of an individual; has no qualm with the idea of a specific, teleological principle (...)
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  6.  25
    Objectivity after Kant: its meaning, its limitations, its fateful omissions.Gertrudis van de Vijver & Boris Demarest (eds.) - 2013 - Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
    This volume sets out to address the question as to whether and how the critical conception of objectivity could still be relevant in contemporary philosophy. This means reflecting on the validity of the ascription of certaindefects to the Kantian system, as well as on their very description as defects. In order to do so, the volume brings together presentations that treat Kantian objectivity from many different angles. Some are more traditionally exegetical in nature, and discuss the interpretation of concepts within (...)
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  7.  11
    Kant’s epigenesis: specificity and developmental constraints.Boris Demarest - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 39 (1):1-19.
    In this paper, I argue that Kant adopted, throughout his career, a position that is much more akin to classical accounts of epigenesis, although he does reject the more radical forms of epigenesis proposed in his own time, and does make use of preformationist sounding terms. I argue that this is because Kant (1) thinks of what is pre-formed as a species, not an individual or a part of an individual; (2) has no qualm with the idea of a specific, (...)
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  8.  12
    Soul, Archeus, and Nature in van Helmont’s Medical Naturalism.Boris Demarest - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (2):564-584.
    Jan Baptist van Helmont’s development of the Paracelsian theory of the Archeus is often considered uncomfortably close to the animist theory that the specificity of organic bodies is largely due to the soul. In this paper, I argue that the historical assimilation of these two positions is mistaken. I show that van Helmont introduced his theory of the Archeus on the grounds that it guaranteed that natural processes are properly natural, and that his theory was driven by a specific conception (...)
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  9.  10
    Special Issue Introduction.Charles Wolfe, Jonathan Regier & Boris Demarest - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (2):494-501.
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  10.  28
    From the More Geometrico to the More Algebraico: d’Alembert and the Enlightenment’s Transformation of Systematic Order.Boris Demarest - 2013 - Philosophica 88 (1).
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  11.  32
    Justin E. H. Smith, Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life.Boris Demarest - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (1):128-132.
  12.  24
    Voorbij alle intuïties?Boris Demarest, Joris Van Poucke & Gertrudis Van de Vijver - 2016 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 108 (2):167-171.
    Amsterdam University Press is a leading publisher of academic books, journals and textbooks in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Our aim is to make current research available to scholars, students, innovators, and the general public. AUP stands for scholarly excellence, global presence, and engagement with the international academic community.
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  13. Conflated epistemology or how to lose the organism (again).Luis Ramírez-Trejo, Boris Demarest, Joris Van Poucke & Gertrudis Van de Vijver - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):353-385.
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  14. Critical Reflections on Objectivity.Gertrudis Van De Vijver & Boris Demarest (eds.) - forthcoming - Georg Olms Verlag.
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  15.  8
    C harles W olfe, La philosophie de la biologie avant la biologie. Une histoire du vitalisme, Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2019, 514 pp., €56 /€93. [REVIEW]Boris Demarest - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):38.
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