Results for 'Boudewijn Sirks'

74 found
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  1.  20
    Achtenberg, Deborah. Cognition of Value in Aristotle's Ethics: Promise of En-Richment, Threat of Destruction. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002. Xiv+ 218 Pp. Cloth, $62.50; Paper, $20.95. Acosta-Hughes, Benjamin. Polyeideia: The Iambi of Callimachus and the Archaic Iambic Tradition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002. [REVIEW]Jean-Jacques Aubert, Boudewijn Sirks, James Barrett, A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham, Maria Broggiato & Gabriella Carbone - 2003 - American Journal of Philology 124:161-164.
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  2.  7
    Ethics and the Global Financial Crisis: Why Incompetence is Worse Than Greed.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this topical book, Boudewijn de Bruin examines the ethical 'blind spots' that lay at the heart of the global financial crisis. He argues that the most important moral problem in finance is not the 'greed is good' culture, but rather the epistemic shortcomings of bankers, clients, rating agencies and regulators. Drawing on insights from economics, psychology and philosophy, de Bruin develops a novel theory of epistemic virtue and applies it to racist and sexist lending practices, subprime mortgages, CEO (...)
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  3.  3
    Douglas Sirk: Filmmaker and Philosopher.Francey Russell - 2022 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 80 (2):252-255.
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  4. Liberal and Republican Freedom.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (4):418-439.
    This paper argues that liberal freedom (non-interference) is epistemologically prior to republican freedom (non-domination). I start investigate three relations between liberal and republican freedom: (i) Logical Equivalence, or the question whether republican freedom entails liberal freedom (and vice versa); (ii) Degree Supervenience, or whether changes in the degree (amount, quantity) of republican freedom are mirrored by changes in the degree of liberal freedom (and vice versa); and (iii) Epistemological Priority, that is, whether knowledge about arrangements of republican freedom presupposes knowledge (...)
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  5.  14
    Variability in the Concept of Species.M. J. Sirks - 1952 - Acta Biotheoretica 10 (1-2):11-22.
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  6.  21
    Some Gastronomic Aspects of Bird Species in Still Life Paintings of Frans Snyders.Boudewijn Goddeeris, Gunter De Smet & Walter Roggeman - 2002 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 80 (4):1431-1448.
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  7.  8
    Boudewijn Chabot, Christian Walther (2010) Ausweg am Lebensende. Selbstbestimmtes Sterben durch freiwilligen Verzicht auf Essen und Trinken: Ernst Reinhardt Verlag, München, Basel, 172 Seiten, 16,90 €, ISBN 978-3-497-02152-9.Matthis Synofzik - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (2):171-172.
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  8.  7
    The Liberal Value of Privacy.Boudewijn Bruin - 2010 - Law and Philosophy 29 (5):505-534.
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  9. Wat Jezus Werkelijk Zei.Boudewijn Koole - 2012 - Synthese.
    Historisch-kritische analyse van canonieke en apocriefe geschriften over Jezus en van de waarheidsclaim van het christendom.
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  10.  5
    Pledging Integrity: Oaths as Forms of Business Ethics Management.Boudewijn Bruin - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):23-42.
    The global financial crisis has led to a surprising interest in professional oaths in business. Examples are the MBA Oath, the Economist’s Oath and the Dutch Banker’s Oath, which senior executives in the financial services industry in the Netherlands have been obliged to swear since 2010. This paper is among the first to consider oaths from the perspective of business ethics. A framework is presented for analysing oaths in terms of their form, their content and the specific contribution they make (...)
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  11.  7
    Robert Pippin. Douglas Sirk: Philosophical Filmmaker. [REVIEW]Francey Russell - forthcoming - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
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  12.  33
    New Waves in Political Philosophy.Boudewijn Paul de Bruin & Christopher F. Zurn - 2008 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This collection of essays breaks new ground by providing an unparalleled snapshot of new work in political philosophy. The book brings together up-and-coming scholars from across the globe using such diverse methodologies as critical theory and social choice theory, historical analysis and conceptual analysis. The volume demonstrates the vibrancy of contemporary political theorizing not only when treating perennial topics--democracy, equality, legitimacy, liberty, patriotism, political freedom, rationality--but also when revivifying topics briefly out of favor--human needs, ideology, judgment, political aesthetics--and tackling topics (...)
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  13.  15
    Behavioral Left-Right Asymmetry Extends to Arthropods.Boudewijn Adriaan Heuts & Tibor Brunt - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):601-602.
    We present behavioral lateralizations of spiders and ants and their probable survival value. They clearly conform to the vertebrate lateralizations reviewed by Vallortigara & Rogers and to earlier arthropod studies. We suggest two complementary reviews: differences in lesion susceptibility and muscle strength between left and right body side, and perceptual biases and predator inspection in invertebrates.
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  14.  12
    Common Knowledge of Payoff Uncertainty in Games.Boudewijn Bruin - 2008 - Synthese 163 (1):79-97.
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  15. The Liberal Value of Privacy.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2010 - Law and Philosophy 29 (5):505-534.
    This paper presents an argument for the value of privacy that is based on a purely negative concept of freedom only. I show that privacy invasions may decrease a person’s negative freedom as well as a person’s knowledge about the negative freedom she possesses. I argue that not only invasions that lead to actual interference, but also invasions that lead to potential interference (many cases of identity theft) constitute actual harm to the invadee’s liberty interests, and I critically examine the (...)
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  16. Explaining Games: The Epistemic Programme in Game Theory.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2010 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Contents. Introduction. 1. Preliminaries. 2. Normal Form Games. 3. Extensive Games. 4. Applications of Game Theory. 5. The Methodology of Game Theory. Conclusion. Appendix. Bibliography. Index. Does game theory—the mathematical theory of strategic interaction—provide genuine explanations of human behaviour? Can game theory be used in economic consultancy or other normative contexts? Explaining Games: The Epistemic Programme in Game Theory—the first monograph on the philosophy of game theory—is an attempt to combine insights from epistemic logic and the philosophy of science to (...)
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  17.  23
    Chahot Discuss Assisted Suicide in the Absence of Somatic Illness.Arlene Judith Klotzko & Dr Boudewijn - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4:239-249.
  18. Climate Change and Business Ethics.Boudewijn de Bruin - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
    This article sketches ways in which business ethics should contribute to addressing the climate emergency. I consider some ways in which normative contributions to the debate on climate change and global warming have been defended, and how international thinking about environmental issues has moved from consequentialist to justice- and rights-based thinking. A recent case that came before the Hague District Court between a Dutch branch of Friends of the Earth, Milieudefensie, and Royal Dutch Shell (Milieudefensie v. Royal Dutch Shell), serves (...)
     
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  19.  87
    Philosophy of Money and Finance.Boudewijn De Bruin, Lisa Maria Herzog, Martin O'Neill & Joakim Sandberg - 2018 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Palo Alto: Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
  20.  9
    Media Violence and Freedom of Speech: How to Use Empirical Data.Boudewijn Bruin - 2008 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):493-505.
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  21.  15
    Over de wetenschappelijkheid van de rechtswetenschap.Boudewijn Bruin - 2009 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 38 (3):236-243.
    This article provides an outsider perspective on the scientificity of legal studies. First, I argue that the presence of controversies does not mean that legal studies lack the status of a genuine science. Astronomy, mathematics, and economics have their controversies, too. Second, I show that non-empirical, non-normative research is no less scientific than empirical research. This is illustrated by work in mathematical logic. Third, I demonstrate the same claim for non-empirical, normative research.Here the example is research on social contract theories (...)
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  22.  59
    Epistemic Virtues in Business.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):583-595.
    This paper applies emerging research on epistemic virtues to business ethics. Inspired by recent work on epistemic virtues in philosophy, I develop a view in which epistemic virtues contribute to the acquisition of knowledge that is instrumentally valuable in the realisation of particular ends, business ends in particular. I propose a conception of inquiry according to which epistemic actions involve investigation, belief adoption and justification, and relate this to the traditional ‘justified true belief’ analysis of knowledge. I defend the view (...)
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  23.  2
    The Business of Liberty: Freedom and Information in Ethics, Politics, and Law.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2022 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    What makes political freedom valuable to us? Two well-known arguments are that freedom contributes to our desire satisfaction and to our personal responsibility. Here, Boudewijn de Bruin argues that freedom is valuable when it is accompanied by knowledge. He offers an original and systematic account of the relationship between freedom and knowledge and defends two original normative ideals of known freedom and acknowledged freedom. -/- By combining psychological perspectives on choice and philosophical views on the value of knowledge, he (...)
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  24.  6
    Jeter un Pont entre evolution et Droit naturel.Boudewijn Bouckaert - 1990 - Journal de Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 1 (1):193-195.
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  25. Game Theory in Philosophy.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2005 - Topoi 24 (2):197-208.
    Game theory is the mathematical study of strategy and conflict. It has wide applications in economics, political science, sociology, and, to some extent, in philosophy. Where rational choice theory or decision theory is concerned with individual agents facing games against nature, game theory deals with games in which all players have preference orderings over the possible outcomes of the game. This paper gives an informal introduction to the theory and a survey of applications in diverse branches of philosophy. No criticism (...)
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  26.  23
    Impermissible Self-Rationalizing Pessimism: In Defence of a Pragmatic Ethics of Belief.Nikolaj Nottelmann & Boudewijn de Bruin - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (2):257-274.
    We present an argument against a standard evidentialist position on the ethics of belief. We argue that sometimes a person merits criticism for holding a belief even when that belief is well supported by her evidence in any relevant sense. We show how our argument advances the case for anti-evidentialism in the light of other arguments presented in the recent literature, and respond to a set of possible evidentialist rejoinders.
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  27.  15
    The Development and Validation of the Epistemic Vice Scale.Marco Meyer, Mark Alfano & Boudewijn de Bruin - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-28.
    This paper presents two studies on the development and validation of a ten-item scale of epistemic vice and the relationship between epistemic vice and misinformation and fake news. Epistemic vices have been defined as character traits that interfere with acquiring, maintaining, and transmitting knowledge. Examples of epistemic vice are gullibility and indifference to knowledge. It has been hypothesized that epistemically vicious people are especially susceptible to misinformation and conspiracy theories. We conducted one exploratory and one confirmatory observational survey study on (...)
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  28.  17
    Saving the armchair by experiment: what works in economics doesn’t work in philosophy.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (8):2483-2508.
    Financial incentives, learning, group consultation, and increased experimental control are among the experimental techniques economists have successfully used to deflect the behavioral challenge posed by research conducted by such scholars as Tversky and Kahneman. These techniques save the economic armchair to the extent that they align laypeople judgments with economic theory by increasing cognitive effort and reflection in experimental subjects. It is natural to hypothesize that a similar strategy might work to address the experimental or restrictionist challenge to armchair philosophy. (...)
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  29.  18
    Editorial Introduction: Putting Virtues Into Practice. A Challenge for Business and Organizations. [REVIEW]Joan Fontrodona, Alejo José G. Sison & Boudewijn de Bruin - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):563-565.
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  30. Epistemic Vice Predicts Acceptance of Covid-19 Misinformation.Marco Meyer, Mark Alfano & Boudewijn De Bruin - manuscript
    Why are mistaken beliefs about Covid-19 so prevalent? Political identity, education and other demographic variables explain only a part of individual differences in the susceptibility to Covid-19 misinformation. This paper focuses on another explanation: epistemic vice. Epistemic vices are character traits that interfere with acquiring, maintaining, and transmitting knowledge. If the basic assumption of vice epistemology is right, then people with epistemic vices such as indifference to the truth or rigidity in their belief structures will tend to be more susceptible (...)
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  31.  21
    Stakes Sensitivity and Credit Rating: A New Challenge for Regulators.Anthony Booth & Boudewijn de Bruin - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (1):169-179.
    The ethical practices of credit rating agencies, particularly following the 2008 financial crisis, have been subject to extensive analysis by economists, ethicists, and policymakers. We raise a novel issue facing CRAs that has to do with a problem concerning the transmission of epistemic status of ratings from CRAs to the beneficiaries of the ratings, and use it to provide a new challenge for regulators. Building on recent work in philosophy, we argue that since CRAs have different stakes than the beneficiaries (...)
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  32. The Ethics of Cloud Computing.Boudewijn de Bruin & Luciano Floridi - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):21-39.
    Cloud computing is rapidly gaining traction in business. It offers businesses online services on demand (such as Gmail, iCloud and Salesforce) and allows them to cut costs on hardware and IT support. This is the first paper in business ethics dealing with this new technology. It analyzes the informational duties of hosting companies that own and operate cloud computing datacenters (e.g., Amazon). It considers the cloud services providers leasing ‘space in the cloud’ from hosting companies (e.g, Dropbox, Salesforce). And it (...)
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  33. 'Information as a Condition of Justice in Financial Markets: The Regulation of Credit-Rating Agencies.Boudewijn De Bruin - 2017 - In Lisa Maria Herzog (ed.), Just Financial Markets? Finance in a Just Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 250-270.
    This chapter argues for deregulation of the credit-rating market. Credit-rating agencies are supposed to contribute to the informational needs of investors trading bonds. They provide ratings of debt issued by corporations and governments, as well as of structured debt instruments (e.g. mortgage-backed securities). As many academics, regulators, and commentators have pointed out, the ratings of structured instruments turned out to be highly inaccurate, and, as a result, they have argued for tighter regulation of the industry. This chapter shows, however, that (...)
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  34.  16
    Review of Boudewijn de Bruin, Christopher F. Zurn (Eds.), New Waves in Political Philosophy[REVIEW]Ella Myers - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (8).
  35.  22
    Moral Responsibility for Large‐Scale Events: The Difference Between Climate Change and Economic Crises.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2018 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 42 (1):191-212.
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  36.  21
    Pledging Integrity: Oaths as Forms of Business Ethics Management.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):23-42.
    The global financial crisis has led to a surprising interest in professional oaths in business. Examples are the MBA Oath, the Economist’s Oath and the Dutch Banker’s Oath, which senior executives in the financial services industry in the Netherlands have been obliged to swear since 2010. This paper is among the first to consider oaths from the perspective of business ethics. A framework is presented for analysing oaths in terms of their form, their content and the specific contribution they make (...)
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  37.  21
    Epistemic Injustice in Finance.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2021 - Topoi 40 (4):755-763.
    This article applies philosophical work on epistemic injustice and cognate concepts to study gender and racial disparity in financial markets. Members of disadvantaged groups often receive inferior financial services. In most jurisdictions, it is illegal to provide discriminatorily disparate treatment to groups defined by gender and skin colour. Racial disparity in financial services is generally considered to be discriminatory. The standard view among most regulators is that gender disparity is not discriminatory, though. Through an analysis of various exemplary cases, I (...)
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  38. Antonio Orbe et les études gnostiques aujourd'hui.Boudewijn Dehandschutter - 2013 - Gregorianum 94 (2):269-274.
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  39.  12
    “Le messie est deja venu” a propos du theme de la double venue du messie chez Les Peres de l'eglise.Boudewijn Dehandschutter - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (3):314-321.
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  40. Finance and Financial Economics: A Philosophy of Science Perspective.Boudewijn de Bruin & Melissa Vergara Fernández - 2022 - In Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Economics.
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  41. Reflexive Law and Climate Change: The EU Sustainable Finance Action Plan.Boudewijn de Bruin - forthcoming - In Joakim Sandberg & Lisa Warenski (eds.), The Philosophy of Money and Finance. Oxford:
    This Chapter studies legislative initiatives around sustainable finance deriving from the Action Plan: Financing Sustainable Growth (also called ‘Sustainable Finance Action Plan’, ‘Action Plan’ henceforth), published by the European Commission (‘Commission’) in 2018 (Communication 2018/97). I evaluate various instruments proposed in the Action Plan, using a reflexive law approach coupled with insights from business ethics and epistemology (De Bruin, 2013, 2015). I point to the challenges such an approach encounters, and offer suggestions how to address them. Reflexive law approaches to (...)
     
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  42. Real Life Collective Epistemic Virtue and Vice.Boudewijn de Bruin & Barend de Rooij - forthcoming - In Mark Alfano, Colin Klein & Jeroen De Ridder (eds.), Social Virtue Epistemology. New York: pp. 396-423.
  43.  17
    Boudewijn de Bruin, Explaining Games. The Epistemic Programme in Game Theory. Dordrecht, Springer, 2010.Lorenz Demey - 2011 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 73 (4):789-791.
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  44. Research Habits in Financial Modelling: The Case of Non-Normativity of Market Returns in the 1970s and the 1980s.Boudewijn De Bruin & Christian Walter - 2017 - In Emiliano Ippoliti & Ping Chen (eds.), Methods and Finance: A Unifying View on Finance, Mathematics, and Philosophy. Cham: Springer. pp. 73-93.
    In this chapter, one considers finance at its very foundations, namely, at the place where assumptions are being made about the ways to measure the two key ingredients of finance: risk and return. It is well known that returns for a large class of assets display a number of stylized facts that cannot be squared with the traditional views of 1960s financial economics (normality and continuity assumptions, i.e. Brownian representation of market dynamics). Despite the empirical counterevidence, normality and continuity assumptions (...)
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  45. Epistemic Logic and Epistemology.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2008 - In Vincent F. Hendricks & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), New Waves in Epistemology. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This paper contributes to an increasing literature strengthening the connection between epistemic logic and epistemology (Van Benthem, Hendricks). I give a survey of the most important applications of epistemic logic in epistemology. I show how it is used in the history of philosophy (Steiner's reconstruction of Descartes' sceptical argument), in solutions to Moore's paradox (Hintikka), in discussions about the relation between knowledge and belief (Lenzen) and in an alleged refutation of verificationism (Fitch) and I examine an early argument about the (...)
     
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  46.  3
    Knowledge Attribution, Socioeconomic Status, and Education: New Results Using the Great British Class Survey.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):7615-7657.
    This paper presents new evidence on the impact of socioeconomic status and education on knowledge attribution. I examine a variety of cases, including vignettes where agents have been Gettiered, have false beliefs, and possess knowledge. Early work investigated whether SES might be associated with knowledge attribution :429–460, 2001; Seyedsayamdost in Episteme 12:95–116, 2014). But these studies used college education as a dummy variable for SES. I use the recently developed Great British Class Survey :219–250, 2013) to measure SES. The paper (...)
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  47.  75
    Common Knowledge of Rationality in Extensive Games.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2008 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (3):261-280.
    We develop a logical system that captures two different interpretations of what extensive games model, and we apply this to a long-standing debate in game theory between those who defend the claim that common knowledge of rationality leads to backward induction or subgame perfect (Nash) equilibria and those who reject this claim. We show that a defense of the claim à la Aumann (1995) rests on a conception of extensive game playing as a one-shot event in combination with a principle (...)
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  48. Common Knowledge of Payoff Uncertainty in Games.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2008 - Synthese 163 (1):79-97.
    Using epistemic logic, we provide a non-probabilistic way to formalise payoff uncertainty, that is, statements such as ‘player i has approximate knowledge about the utility functions of player j.’ We show that on the basis of this formalisation common knowledge of payoff uncertainty and rationality (in the sense of excluding weakly dominated strategies, due to Dekel and Fudenberg (1990)) characterises a new solution concept we have called ‘mixed iterated strict weak dominance.’.
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  49.  93
    Overmathematisation in Game Theory: Pitting the Nash Equilibrium Refinement Programme Against the Epistemic Programme.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):290-300.
    The paper argues that the Nash Equilibrium Refinement Programme was less successful than its competitor, the Epistemic Programme. The prime criterion of success is the extent to which the programmes were able to reach the key objective guiding non-cooperative game theory for much of the twentieth century, namely, to develop a complete characterisation of the strategic rationality of economic agents in the form of the ultimate solution concept for any normal form and extensive game. The paper explains this in terms (...)
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  50. We and the Plural Subject.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (2):235-259.
    Margaret Gilbert's plural subject theory defines social collectives in terms of common knowledge of expressed willingness to participate in some joint action. The author critically examines Gilbert's application of this theory to linguistic phenomena involving "we," arguing that recent work in linguistics provides the tools to develop a superior account. The author indicates that, apart from its own relevance, one should care about this critique because Gilbert's claims about the first person plural pronoun play a role in the argument in (...)
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