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Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries [17]Bouke de Vries [13]
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Bouke de Vries
Ghent University
  1.  27
    ‘I am your son, mother’: severe dementia and duties to visit parents who can’t recognise you.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):17-24.
    It is commonly assumed that many, if not most, adult children have moral duties to visit their parents when they can do so at reasonable cost. However, whether such duties persist when the parents lose the ability to recognise their children, usually due to dementia, is more controversial. Over 40% of respondents in a public survey from the British Alzheimer’s Society said that it was “pointless” to keep up contact at this stage. Insofar as one cannot be morally required to (...)
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  2.  6
    Autism and the Right to a Hypersensitivity-Friendly Workspace.Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Public Health Ethics 14 (3):281-287.
    Many individuals on the autism spectrum are hypersensitive to certain sensory stimuli. For this group, as well as for non-autistic individuals with sensory processing disorders, being exposed to e.g. fluorescent lights, perfume odours, and various sounds and noises can be real torment. In this article, I consider the normative implications of such offence for the design of office spaces, which is a topic that has not received any attention from philosophers. After identifying different ways in which the senses of hypersensitive (...)
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  3.  58
    Is Multiculturalism Discriminatory?Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (2):201-214.
    Many political theorists are multiculturalists. They believe that states ought to support and accommodate minority cultures, even if they disagree about when such support and accommodations are due and what forms they should take. In this contribution, I argue that multiculturalists have failed to notice an important objection against a wide range of multiculturalism policies. This objection is predicated on the notion that when states support and accommodate minority cultures, they should support and accommodate many subcultures and individualistic conceptions of (...)
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  4.  86
    The Right to be Publicly Naked: A Defence of Nudism.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (3):407-424.
    Many liberal democracies have legal restrictions on nudism. This article argues that when public nudity does not pose a health threat, such restrictions are unjust. To vindicate this claim, I start by showing that there are two weighty interests served by the freedom to be naked in public. First, it promotes individual well-being; not only can nudist activities have great recreational value, recent studies have found that exposure to non-idealised naked bodies has a positive impact on body image, and, ultimately, (...)
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  5.  8
    Granny-Export? The Morality of Sending People to Care Homes Abroad.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):455-464.
    Many higher-income countries are struggling to make decent and affordable care available to their older populations. In response, some Germans are sending their ageing relatives to relatively high-end care homes within Eastern Europe and South-East Asia where the care tends to be more comprehensive and a lot cheaper. At the same time, this practice has caused much controversy within Germany, with some commentators calling it “inhumane” and “shameful.” The aim of this article is to show that such criticisms are exaggerated. (...)
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  6.  22
    Keeping Out Extremists: Refugees, Would‐Be Immigrants, and Ideological Exclusion.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (5):746-763.
    Many people want to live in liberal democracies because they are liberal and democratic. Yet it would be mistaken, indeed naive, to assume that this applies to all would-be residents. Just as some inhabitants of liberal democracies oppose one or more fundamental liberal-democratic values and principles, so there are foreign would-be residents who do so, who might include individuals with e.g. Jihadist, Neo-Nazi, and radical anarchist views. Proceeding on the assumption that there exists no unconditional moral right to immigrate, this (...)
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  7.  19
    Can Monarchies Be Justified?Bouke De Vries - 2023 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 9:8-24.
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  8.  15
    Selling visibility-boosts on dating apps: a problematic practice?Bouke de Vries - 2023 - Ethics and Information Technology 25 (2):1-8.
    Love, sex, and physical intimacy are some of the most desired goods in life and they are increasingly being sought on dating apps such as Tinder, Bumble, and Badoo. For those who want a leg up in the chase for other people’s attention, almost all of these apps now offer the option of paying a fee to boost one’s visibility for a certain amount of time, which may range from 30 min to a few hours. In this article, I argue (...)
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  9.  15
    Is swearing morally innocent?Bouke de Vries - 2023 - Ratio 36 (2):159-168.
    Some philosophers believe that swearing is morally innocent insofar as it is non‐abusive and vulgarities are being used, such as when people exclaim “s**t!” or “f**k!” This article shows this view to be mistaken. I start by arguing that taking offense at non‐abusive vulgar swearing is not irrational, before arguing that, even if it were, such swearing would still not always be justified. The fact that many of us find it hard to overcome profanity‐induced offense, along with the fact that (...)
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  10.  29
    Lowering Toilet Seats.Bouke De Vries - 2022 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:21-31.
    _Many people who stand to pee raise the toilet seat so that they have a larger target to aim at. However, if the seat is left in this position, any subsequent toilet user who defecates or pees sitting down will need to lower the seat. Some of us believe that this inconvenience should not be visited on those who pee sitting down, while others deny that there is anything wrong with leaving the toilet seat in the position that you used (...)
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  11.  36
    Against hands-on neutrality.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2020 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 19 (4):424-446.
    In recent years, several theorists have defended a form of neutrality that seeks to equalise the benefits that state policies bestow upon citizens’ conceptions of the good life. For example, when state policies confer special benefits upon a conception that revolves around a particular culture, religion or type of sports, other cultures, religions or types of sports might be due compensation. This article argues that this kind of neutrality – which I refer to as ‘hands-on neutrality’ – cannot be vindicated, (...)
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  12. Are civic integration tests justifiable? A three-step test.Bouke de Vries - 2018 - In Annabelle Lever & Andrei Poama (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy. Oxford: Routledge. pp. pp.407-421.
     
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  13.  6
    Care-deficits and polarization: Why the time is ripe for a universal care conscription.Bouke de Vries - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (3):709-718.
    A large share of countries is struggling to provide adequate care to their older populations. To deal with this challenge, philosopher Ingrid Robeyns has advocated legislation that requires citizens to spend 1 year of their life providing dependency care. My aim of this contribution is to strengthen the case for this proposal, which I will refer to as a ‘universal care conscription’. I do so by defending this type of conscription against various alternative ways of addressing care-deficits that have been (...)
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  14.  8
    Liberalism & internally illiberal minority cultures : a plea for a substantive exit rights strategy.Bouke De Vries - unknown
    This dissertation seeks to answer the following question: does a commitment to liberalism require state remediation of illiberal practices of illiberal minority cultures that only affect their own members? Put differently, it asks: should the state deny illiberal minority cultures such as those of the Amish, Ultra-Orthodox Jews, Pueblo Indians, et cetera the freedom to be internally illiberal from a liberal viewpoint? The answer proposed by this dissertation is a qualified ‘no’. Assuming that liberalism is fundamentally committed to the protection (...)
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  15.  1
    Microaggressions, attributional ambiguity, and signaling failures.Bouke de Vries - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    Being the victim of a microaggression, that is, a relatively minor act of hostility that targets someone's (marginalized) social identity, can be distressing, but so can merely being in doubt over whether one has been the victim of such aggression. To address this last problem, Regina Rini has proposed a novel understanding of microaggressions that is meant to eliminate such doubts. On her “Ambiguous Experience Account,” whenever members of marginalized groups believe they might have been subjected to a microaggression, a (...)
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  16.  6
    Multiculturalism and Temporary Migrant Workers.Bouke de Vries - 2017 - In Anna Triandafyllidou (ed.), Multicultural Governance in a Mobile World. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 265-282.
  17.  5
    Should Autists Have Cultural Rights?Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2022 - Human Rights Review 23 (2):205-219.
    While several scholars have argued that the rise of the internet has allowed an autistic culture to emerge over the past two decades, the question of whether people with autism or, as some members of this group refer to themselves, ‘autists’, are legally entitled to their own cultural rights has not been investigated. This article fills part of this lacuna by considering whether such entitlements exist from the perspective of human rights law. I start by showing that, insofar as autists (...)
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  18.  2
    Should Children Have a Veto over Parental Decisions to Relocate?Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2020 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 7 (2):321-334.
    Many people move house at some point during their childhood and not rarely more than once. While relocations are not always harmful for under-aged children, they can, and frequently do, cause great disruption to their lives by severing their social ties as well as any attachments that they might have to their neighbourhood, town, or wider geographical region, with long-lasting psychological effects in some cases. Since it is increasingly recognised within normative philosophy as well as within Western societies that older (...)
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  19.  4
    Should higher-income countries pay their citizens to move to foreign care homes?Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (10):684-688.
    Faced with relatively old and ageing populations, a growing number of higher-income countries are struggling to provide affordable and decent care to their older citizens. This contribution proposes a new policy for dealing with this challenge. Under certain conditions, I argue that states should pay their citizens to move to foreign care homes in order to ease the pressure on domestic care institutions. This is the case if—but not necessarily only if— a significant proportion of resident citizens do not currently (...)
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  20.  7
    Sending people to care homes in lower-income countries: A qualified defence.Bouke de Vries - 2021 - Bioethics 36 (1):85-92.
    In recent years, a proportion of older Germans has been sent to relatively high‐end care homes within lower‐income countries where the care tends to be cheaper and more extensive than that in German care homes. Destination countries are found predominantly within Eastern Europe (e.g. Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic), but to a lesser extent also within South‐East Asia (e.g. Thailand). At the same time, these expatriations have caused much controversy, with some German commentators calling them ‘inhumane’ and ‘shameful’. In this article, (...)
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  21.  14
    State Responsibilities to Protect us from Loneliness During Lockdown.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2021 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 31 (1):1-15.
    One consequence of the lockdowns that many countries have introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic is that people have become more vulnerable to loneliness. In this contribution, I argue that even if this does not render lockdowns unjustified, it is morally incumbent upon states to make reasonable efforts to protect their residents from loneliness for as long as their social confinement measures remain in place. Without attempting to provide an exhaustive list of ways in which this might be done, (...)
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  22.  8
    ‘Today a Christian Nation, Tomorrow a Muslim Nation’: a Defence of Rotating State Religions.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):301-316.
    In more than 20% of countries, a single religion is recognized in the constitution. This article argues that there are good reasons for opposing such ‘mono-recognition’ as it fails to show due concern to members of constitutionally unrecognized religions. Yet rather than opting for disestablishment as Sweden did in 2000, I show that there may be a better alternative in many cases: To constitutionally recognize a variety of religions. After distinguishing synchronic forms of plural recognition whereby multiple religions are constitutionally (...)
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  23.  3
    The Right to be Publicly Naked: A Defence of Nudism.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (3):407-424.
    Many liberal democracies have legal restrictions on nudism. This article argues that when public nudity does not pose a health threat, such restrictions are unjust. To vindicate this claim, I start by showing that there are two weighty interests served by the freedom to be naked in public. First, it promotes individual well-being; not only can nudist activities have great recreational value, recent studies have found that exposure to non-idealised naked bodies has a positive impact on body image, and, ultimately, (...)
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  24.  15
    The Sociability Argument for the Burqa Ban: A Qualified Defence.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2023 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 17 (2):317-337.
    Over the past decade, countries such as France, Belgium, Denmark, Austria, Latvia, and Bulgaria have banned face-coverings from public spaces. These bans are popularly known as ‘burqa bans’ as they seem to have been drafted with the aim of preventing people from wearing burqas and niqabs specifically. The scholarly response to these bans has been overwhelmingly negative, with several lawyers and philosophers arguing that they violate the human right to freedom of religion. While this article shares some of the concerns (...)
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  25.  10
    What does it mean to be ‘illiberal’?Bouke De Vries - 2020 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 49 (Pre-publications).
    Introduction: ‘Illiberal’ is an adjective that is commonly used within contemporary legal, political, and philosophical scholarship. For example, authors might speak of ‘illiberal cultures’,1 ‘illiberal groups’,2 ‘illiberal states’,3 ‘illiberal democracies’,4 ‘illiberal beliefs’,5 and ‘illiberal practices’.6 Yet despite its widespread usage, no in-depth discussions exist of exactly what it means for someone or something to be illiberal, or might mean. This article fills this lacuna by providing a conceptual analysis of the term ‘illiberal practices’, which I argue is basic in that (...)
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  26.  15
    Why visiting one’s ageing mother is not enough: on filial duties to prevent and alleviate parental loneliness.Bouke Https://Orcidorg de Vries - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (1):127-133.
    As people grow old, many risk becoming chronically lonely which is associated with e.g. depression, dementia, and increased mortality. Whoever else should help to protect them from this risk, various philosophers have argued that any children that they might have will often be among them. Proceeding on this assumption, this article considers what filial duties to protect ageing parents from loneliness consist of, or might consist of. I develop my answer by showing that a view that may be intuitively plausible, (...)
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