Results for 'Brain Campbell'

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  1.  15
    When Is Deep Brain Stimulation a Medical Benefit, and What Is Required for Consent?Sven Nyholm & Stephen M. Campbell - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (3):150-152.
    Hübner and White argue that we should not administer DBS to psychopathic prisoners. While we are sympathetic to their conclusion, we argue that the authors’ two central arguments for this conclusion are problematic. Their first argument appeals to an overly restrictive conception of individual medical benefit: namely, that an individual medical benefit must alleviate subjective suffering. We highlight cases that clearly constitute individual medical benefits although there is no relief of subjective suffering. The second argument depends on an overly restrictive (...)
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  2.  4
    Brain Vital Signs Detect Information Processing Differences When Neuromodulation Is Used During Cognitive Skills Training.Christopher J. Smith, Ashley Livingstone, Shaun D. Fickling, Pamela Tannouri, Natasha K. J. Campbell, Bimal Lakhani, Yuri Danilov, Jonathan M. Sackier & Ryan C. N. D’Arcy - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3.  56
    The Signing Brain: The Neurobiology of Sign Language.Mairéad MacSweeney, Cheryl M. Capek, Ruth Campbell & Bencie Woll - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (11):432-440.
  4. Harvesting the Living?: Separating Brain Death and Organ Transplantation.Courtney S. Campbell - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):301-318.
    : The chronic shortage of transplantable organs has reached critical proportions. In the wake of this crisis, some bioethicists have argued there is sufficient public support to expand organ recovery through use of neocortical criteria of death or even pre-mortem organ retrieval. I present a typology of ways in which data gathered from the public can be misread or selectively used by bioethicists in service of an ideological or policy agenda, resulting in bad policy and bad ethics. Such risks should (...)
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  5.  7
    Consciousness, Brain Child.Percy Alfonso Campbell - 1933 - East Cleveland, Ohio.
  6.  43
    Educational Neuroscience: Motivations, Methodology, and Implications.Stephen R. Campbell - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):7-16.
    ‘What does the brain have to do with learning?’Prima facie, this may seem like a strange thing for anyone to say, especially educational scholars, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. There are, however, valid objections to injecting various and sundry neuroscientific considerations piecemeal into the vast field of education. These objections exist in a variety of dimensions. After providing a working definition for educational neuroscience, identifying the ‘mindbrain’ as the proper object of study thereof, I discuss, dispel or dismiss some (...)
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  7.  61
    Can You Survive a Brain-Zap?Scott Campbell - 2004 - Theoria 70 (1):22-27.
  8.  12
    Imposing Death: Religious Witness on Brain Death.Courtney S. Campbell - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S56-S59.
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  9.  3
    Consciousness: Brain Child.A. E. M. & Percy A. Campbell - 1934 - Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):48.
  10. A No-Brainer: Criticisms of Brain-Based Standards of Death.Courtney S. Campbell - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):539 – 551.
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  11.  22
    Patientissimus Veri B. Levick: Vespasian . Pp. Xli + 310, 9 Maps, 34 Pls. London and New York: Routledge, 1999. Cased, £25. Isbn: 0-415-16618-. [REVIEW]Brain Campbell - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (02):520-.
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  12.  17
    Evolutionary and Ecological Aspects of Early Brain Malnutrition in Humans.William D. Lukas & Benjamin C. Campbell - 2000 - Human Nature 11 (1):1-26.
    This article reviews the effects of malnutrition on early brain development using data generated from animal experiments and human clinical studies. Three related processes, each with their own functional consequences, are implicated in the alteration of brain development. (1) Maternal undernutrition at the start of pregnancy results in reduced transfer of nutrients across the placenta, allowing the conservation of effort for future reproductive episodes. (2) Differential allocation to growing organs by the fetus in response to nutritional stress spares (...)
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  13.  6
    Brain Vital Signs Detect Cognitive Improvements During Combined Physical Therapy and Neuromodulation in Rehabilitation From Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case Report.Shaun D. Fickling, Trevor Greene, Debbie Greene, Zack Frehlick, Natasha Campbell, Tori Etheridge, Christopher J. Smith, Fabio Bollinger, Yuri Danilov, Rowena Rizzotti, Ashley C. Livingstone, Bimal Lakhani & Ryan C. N. D’Arcy - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  14.  57
    Discussion: Philosophy and Brain Physiology.Charles A. Campbell - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (10):51.
  15. What Was Huxley's Epiphenomenalism?Neil Campbell - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (3):357-375.
    Thomas Huxley is often identified as the originator of the doctrineknown as ``epiphenomenalism,'' but there appears to be littleappreciation for the details of Huxley's theory. In particular,conflicting interpretations show that there is uncertainty about twoaspects of his position: whether mental states are completelywithout causal powers or simply have no influence on the behavior theyare typically taken to explain, and whether conscious epiphenomena arethemselves physical states of the brain or immaterial items. I clarifythese issues and show that Huxley's brand of (...)
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  16.  1
    Cognitive Control and Automatic Interference in Mind and Brain: A Unified Model of Saccadic Inhibition and Countermanding.Aline Bompas, Anne Eileen Campbell & Petroc Sumner - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (4):524-561.
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  17.  57
    Educational Neuroscience: Motivations, Methodology, and Implications.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):7-16.
    ‘What does the brain have to do with learning?’Prima facie, this may seem like a strange thing for anyone to say, especially educational scholars, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. There are, however, valid objections to injecting various and sundry neuroscientific considerations piecemeal into the vast field of education. These objections exist in a variety of dimensions. After providing a working definition for educational neuroscience, identifying the ‘mindbrain’ as the proper object of study thereof, I discuss, dispel or dismiss some (...)
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  18. Improving Cognitive Workload in Radiation Therapists: A Pilot EEG Neurofeedback Study.Alana M. Campbell, Matthew Mattoni, Mae Nicopolis Yefimov, Karthik Adapa & Lukasz M. Mazur - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Radiation therapy therapists face challenging daily tasks that leave them prone to high attrition and burnout and subsequent deficits in performance. Here, we employed an accelerated alpha-theta neurofeedback protocol that is implementable in a busy medical workplace to test if 12 RTTs could learn the protocol and exhibit behavior and brain performance-related benefits. Following the 3-week protocol, participants showed a decrease in subjective cognitive workload and a decrease in response time during a performance task, as well as a decrease (...)
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  19.  12
    Ethics Briefing.Martin Davies, Ruth Campbell, Sophie Brannan, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):725-726.
    The Supreme Court has ruled in the case of Y that there is no requirement to seek the approval of the Court of Protection in decisions to withdraw clinically assisted nutrition and hydration from patients in a prolonged disorder of consciousness.1 Mr Y was 52-year-old man who suffered a cardiac arrest after a myocardial infarction as a result of coronary artery disease. It was not possible to resuscitate him for well over 10 min, resulting in severe cerebral hypoxia which caused (...)
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  20.  1
    Sign, Language, and Gesture in the Brain: Some Comments.Ruth Campbell & Bencie Woll - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  21.  30
    Introduction: Educational Neuroscience.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):1-6.
    This chapter presents emotion as a function of brain‐body interaction, as a vital part of a multi‐tiered phylogenetic set of neural mechanisms, evoked by both instinctive processes and learned appraisal systems, and argues to establish the primacy of emotion in relation to cognition. Primarily based on Damasio's somatic marker hypothesis, but also incorporating elements of Lazarus' appraisal theory, this paper presents a neuropedagogical model of emotion, the somatic appraisal model of affect. SAMA identifies quintessential components, facets, and functions of (...)
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  22.  71
    Modality and Abstract Concepts.Fred Adams & Kenneth Campbell - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):610-610.
    Our concerns fall into three areas: (1) Barsalou fails to make clear what simulators are (vs. what they do); (2) activation of perceptual areas of the brain during thought does not distinguish between the activation's being constitutive of concepts or a mere causal consequence (Barsalou needs the former); and (3) Barsalou's attempt to explain how modal symbols handle abstraction fails.
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  23.  29
    Adrenarche and Middle Childhood.Benjamin C. Campbell - 2011 - Human Nature 22 (3):327-349.
    Middle childhood, the period from 6 to 12 years of age, is defined socially by increasing autonomy and emotional regulation, somatically by the development of anatomical structures for subsistence, and endocrinologically by adrenarche, the adrenal production of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Here I suggest that DHEA plays a key role in the coordinated development of the brain and body beginning with middle childhood, via energetic allocation. I argue that with adrenarche, increasing levels of circulating DHEA act to down-regulate the release of (...)
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  24.  15
    Pain is Three-Dimensional, Inner, and Occurrent.Keith Campbell - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):56-57.
  25.  19
    Donald Campbell's Doubt: Cultural Difference or Failure of Communication?Richard A. Shweder - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):109 - 110.
    The objection, rightfully noted but then dismissed by Henrich et al., that the observed variation across populations is a theoretically profound and potentially constructive criticism. It parallels Donald Campbell's concern that many cultural differences reported by psychologists Ironically, Campbell's doubt is a good foundation for investigations in cultural psychology.
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  26.  25
    If Human Cognition is Adaptive, Can Human Knowledge Consist of Encodings?Robert L. Campbell & Mark H. Bickhard - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):488-489.
  27.  41
    Staying Alive: Evolution, Culture, and Women's Intrasexual Aggression.Anne Campbell - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):203-214.
    Females' tendency to place a high value on protecting their own lives enhanced their reproductive success in the environment of evolutionary adaptation because infant survival depended more upon maternal than on paternal care and defence. The evolved mechanism by which the costs of aggression (and other forms of risk taking) are weighted more heavily for females may be a lower threshold for fear in situations which pose a direct threat of bodily injury. Females' concern with personal survival also has implications (...)
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  28.  8
    Ethics Briefing.Charlotte Wilson, Veronica English, Julian C. Sheather, Ruth Campbell, Olivia Lines & Sophie Brannan - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (2):147-148.
    The British Medical Association and Royal College of Physicians have published new guidance, endorsed by the General Medical Council, on decision-making about clinically assisted nutrition and hydration and adults who lack capacity to consent. The development of the guidance follows a series of legal cases which has created confusion about the precise circumstances in which an application to the court is required before CANH is withdrawn which has culminated with the decision of the Supreme Court in National Health Service Trust (...)
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  29.  13
    Social and Psychological Influences on Hypnotic Behavior.Campbell Perry & Jean-Roch Laurence - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):478-479.
  30.  21
    Why a Market in Organs is Inevitably Unethical.Alastair V. Campbell - 2016 - Asian Bioethics Review 8 (3):164-176.
    In this paper I shall be arguing against the claim made by Erin and Harris and others, that creating a “regulated market” in organs for transplantation taken from living vendors is both viable practically and a moral imperative. No-one can doubt that there is currently a crisis in the provision of organs for transplantation, with a massive gap between supply and demand. There are a number of reasons for this crisis. Since its development as a life-saving measure in the second (...)
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  31.  40
    Knowing Levels and the Child's Understanding of Mind.Robert L. Campbell & Mark H. Bickhard - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):33-34.
  32.  6
    Numerical Abstractness and Elementary Arithmetic.Jamie Id Campbell & Arron Ws Metcalfe - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):330 - 331.
    Like number representation, basic arithmetic seems to be a natural candidate for abstract instantiation in the brain. To investigate this, researchers have examined effects of numeral format on elementary arithmetic (e.g., 4+5 vs. four+five). Different numeral formats often recruit distinct processes for arithmetic, reinforcing the conclusion that number processing is not necessarily abstracted away from numeral format.
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  33. Educational Neuroscience: Initiatives and Emerging Issues.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell (eds.) - 2011 - Wiley.
    _Educational Neuroscience_ provides an overview of the wide range of recent initiatives in educational neuroscience, examining a variety of methodological concerns, issues, and directions. Encourages interdisciplinary perspectives in educational neuroscience Contributions from leading researchers examine key issues relating to educational neuroscience and mind, brain, and education more generally Promotes a theoretical and empirical base for the subject area Explores a range of methods available to researchers Identifies agencies, organizations, and associations facilitating development in the field Reveals a variety of (...)
     
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  34. Gesture, Speech, and Sign.Lynn Messing & Ruth Campbell (eds.) - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Gestures are a special sort of action. They communicate the individual's moods and desires to the world and they operate under different psychological and cognitive constraints to other actions. The connections between gesture and language - spoken and signed - pose some fascinating questions. How intimately are gesture and language connected? Did one evolve from the other? To what extent are they similarly processed in the brain? In what ways are signed languages akin to spoken language and gestures? Gesture, (...)
     
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  35.  15
    Ambivalently Held Group-Optimizing Predispositions.Donald T. Campbell & John B. Gatewood - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):614-614.
  36.  95
    Body and Mind: The Identity Thesis.A. Campbell Garnett - 1965 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (1):77-81.
  37.  18
    What Kind of Selection?Anne Campbell - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):272-273.
    Supporting a mediating role for fear in inhibiting female aggression, a recent study shows that aversion to impulsivity completely mediates the sex difference in direct aggression but not in angry acts where dangerous retaliation is unlikely. A more inclusive use of the term to encompass reproductive advantage would recognise females' crucial role in nurturing and protecting offspring.
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  38. Does the Perception of Moving Eyes Trigger Reflexive Visual Orienting in Autism? Swettenham, Condie, Campbell & Milne & Coleman - 2004 - In Uta Frith & Elisabeth Hill (eds.), Autism: Mind and Brain. Oxford University Press.
  39.  28
    Testable Corollaries, a Conceptual Error, and Neural Correlates of Grush's Synthesis.Thomas G. Campbell & John D. Pettigrew - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):398-400.
    As fundamental researchers in the neuroethology of efference copy, we were stimulated by Grush's bold and original synthesis. In the following critique, we draw attention to ways in which it might be tested in the future, we point out an avoidable conceptual error concerning emulation that Grush seems to share with other workers in the field, and we raise questions about the neural correlates of Grush's schemata that might be probed by neurophysiologists.
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  40.  7
    On Doing the Impossible.Robert L. Campbell - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):535-537.
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  41.  18
    What's Getting Redescribed?Robert L. Campbell - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):710-711.
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  42.  12
    Putting People Before Parasites and Places.Anne Campbell - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):596-597.
    The strategic pluralism model depends upon pathogen prevalence and environmental hardship being independent. Evidence is presented that they are positively correlated. The rise in short-term mating strategy in the United States is better explained by changes in the operational sex ratio than by increases in pathogen prevalence. Nonetheless, in highlighting the advantages of a high-investment strategy to less attractive males, Gangestad & Simpson's model helps to clarify the dynamics of frequency-dependent selection.
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  43. Anomalous Monism.Neil Campbell - manuscript
    identity theory , usually attributed to J.J.C. Smart (Smart, 1959) and U.T. Place (Place, 1956), claimed that kinds of mental states are identical to kinds of brain states. Sensations of pain, for instance, were said to be identical to the firing of C-fibres or some such type of neurological state. According to this view, then, pain, conceived as a _kind_ of mental state, is said to be _reduced_ to a certain kind of neurological state. The reduction envisaged here was (...)
     
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  44.  10
    Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of the Prefrontal Areas. V. Spatial Delayed Reactions.R. J. Campbell & H. F. Harlow - 1945 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (2):110.
  45.  1
    Neural Mechanisms of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Chronic Pain: A Network-Based fMRI Approach.Semra A. Aytur, Kimberly L. Ray, Sarah K. Meier, Jenna Campbell, Barry Gendron, Noah Waller & Donald A. Robin - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Over 100 million Americans suffer from chronic pain, which causes more disability than any other medical condition in the United States at a cost of $560–$635 billion per year. Opioid analgesics are frequently used to treat CP. However, long term use of opioids can cause brain changes such as opioid-induced hyperalgesia that, over time, increase pain sensation. Also, opioids fail to treat complex psychological factors that worsen pain-related disability, including beliefs about and emotional responses to pain. Cognitive behavioral therapy (...)
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  46. Prefrontal Cortex and Amygdala Subregion Morphology Are Associated With Obesity and Dietary Self-Control in Children and Adolescents.Mimi S. Kim, Shan Luo, Anisa Azad, Claire E. Campbell, Kimberly Felix, Ryan P. Cabeen, Britni R. Belcher, Robert Kim, Monica Serrano-Gonzalez & Megan M. Herting - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    A prefrontal control system that is less mature than the limbic reward system in adolescence is thought to impede self-regulatory abilities, which could contribute to poor dietary choices and obesity. We, therefore, aimed to examine whether structural morphology of the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala are associated with dietary decisions and obesity in children and adolescents. Seventy-one individuals between the ages of 8–22 years participated in this study; each participant completed a computer-based food choice task and a T1- and T2-weighted (...)
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  47.  1
    A Climate of Confusion.Anne Campbell - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  48.  15
    Behaviorism and Natural Selection.C. B. G. Campbell - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):484.
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  49.  7
    Discarding Locality Assumptions: Problems and Prospects.Ruth Campbell - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):64-65.
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  50.  76
    “Fatal Attraction” Syndrome: Not a Good Way to Keep Your Man.Anne Campbell - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):24-25.
    Female behavior that is driven by ambivalent attachment is far from passive or withdrawn. As dramatised in the movie such women's emotional hyper-reactivity is often expressed in violence, which is antithetical to securing investment from mates or peers. Single motherhood, rather than reflecting an avoidant strategy in which close relationships are devalued, is often the result of ecological conditions in which paternal investment is desired but unavailable.
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