Results for 'Brain State'

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  1. Barbara Larson.The Dark Side of Nature: Science, Society, and the Fantastic in the Work of Odilon Redon.Xviii + 256 Pp., Illus. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2005. [REVIEW]Robert M. Brain - 2007 - Isis 98 (2):408-409.
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  2.  35
    A Plastic Temporal Brain Code for Conscious State Generation.Birgitta Dresp & Jean Durup - 2009 - Neural Plasticity 2009:1-15.
    Consciousness is known to be limited in processing capacity and often described in terms of a unique processing stream across a single dimension: time. In this paper, we discuss a purely temporal pattern code, functionally decoupled from spatial signals, for conscious state generation in the brain. Arguments in favour of such a code include Dehaene et al.’s long-distance reverberation postulate, Ramachandran’s remapping hypothesis, evidence for a temporal coherence index and coincidence detectors, and Grossberg’s Adaptive Resonance Theory. A time-bin (...)
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  3. What is a Brain State?Richard Brown - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (6):729-742.
    Philosophers have been talking about brain states for almost 50 years and as of yet no one has articulated a theoretical account of what one is. In fact this issue has received almost no attention and cognitive scientists still use meaningless phrases like 'C-fiber firing' and 'neuronal activity' when theorizing about the relation of the mind to the brain. To date when theorists do discuss brain states they usually do so in the context of making some other (...)
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  4.  9
    The Chief Role of Frontal Operational Module of the Brain Default Mode Network in the Potential Recovery of Consciousness From the Vegetative State: A Preliminary Comparison of Three Case Reports.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts, Sergio Bagnato, Cristina Boccagni & Giuseppe Galardi - 2016 - The Open Neuroimaging Journal 10:41-51.
    It has been argued that complex subjective sense of self is linked to the brain default-mode network (DMN). Recent discovery of heterogeneity between distinct subnets (or operational modules - OMs) of the DMN leads to a reconceptualization of its role for the experiential sense of self. Considering the recent proposition that the frontal DMN OM is responsible for the first-person perspective and the sense of agency, while the posterior DMN OMs are linked to the continuity of ‘I’ experience (including (...)
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  5.  50
    Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?Michael N. Marsh - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Discrediting 'mystical' or 'psychical' interpretations of out-of-body and near-death experiences, Michael Marsh demonstrates how these phenomena are explicable in terms of brain neurophysiology and its neuropathological disturbances, and discusses the theological and philosophical implications of his hypotheses.
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  6.  4
    Brain State-Dependent Robotic Reaching Movement with a Multi-Joint Arm Exoskeleton: Combining Brain-Machine Interfacing and Robotic Rehabilitation.Daniel Brauchle, Mathias Vukelić, Robert Bauer & Alireza Gharabaghi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  7.  2
    Anticipatory Processes in Brain State Switching - Implicating Default Mode and Salience Networks.Sidlauskaite Justina, Wiersema Jan, Roeyers Herbert, Krebs Ruth, Vassena Eliana, Fias Wim, Brass Marcel, Achten Eric & Sonuga-Barke Edmund - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  8.  1
    Depression: From Psychology to Brain State. By Paul Gilbert. (Lawrence Erlbaum, London, 1984.) $19.95. [REVIEW]J. S. Price - 1985 - Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (4):506-507.
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  9.  37
    Does Any Aspect of Mind Survive Brain Damage That Typically Leads to a Persistent Vegetative State? Ethical Considerations.Jaak Panksepp, Thomas Fuchs, Victor Garcia & Adam Lesiak - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):32-.
    Recent neuroscientific evidence brings into question the conclusion that all aspects of consciousness are gone in patients who have descended into a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Here we summarize the evidence from human brain imaging as well as neurological damage in animals and humans suggesting that some form of consciousness can survive brain damage that commonly causes PVS. We also raise the issue that neuroscientific evidence indicates that raw emotional feelings (primary-process affects) can exist without any cognitive (...)
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  10.  3
    Is the Sense of Agency in Schizophrenia Influenced by Resting-State Variation in Self-Referential Regions of the Brain?Jeffrey Robinson, Nils-Frederic Wagner & Georg Northoff - 2016 - Schizophrenia Bulletin 42 (2):270-276.
    Schizophrenia is a disturbance of the self, of which the attribution of agency is a major component. In this article, we review current theories of the Sense of Agency, their relevance to schizophrenia, and propose a novel framework for future research. We explore some of the models of agency, in which both bottom-up and top-down processes are implicated in the genesis of agency. We further this line of inquiry by suggesting that ongoing neurological activity (the brain’s resting state) (...)
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  11.  68
    Brain Response to One's Own Name in Vegetative State, Minimally Conscious State, and Locked-in Syndrome.Fabien Perrin, Caroline Schnakers, Manuel Schabus, Christian Degueldre, Serge Goldman, Serge Brédart, Marie-Elisabeth E. Faymonville, Maurice Lamy, Gustave Moonen, André Luxen, Pierre Maquet & Steven Laureys - 2006 - Archives of Neurology 63 (4):562-569.
  12. Auditory Processing in Severely Brain Injured Patients: Differences Between the Minimally Conscious State and the Persistent Vegetative State.Melanie Boly, Marie-Elisabeth E. Faymonville & Philippe Peigneux - 2004 - Archives of Neurology 61 (2):233-238.
  13.  7
    All Brain Work – Including Recall – is State-Dependent.Dietrich Lehmann & Martha Koukkou - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):964-965.
    The continuous ongoing mentation is experienced as dreams in some functional states. Mentation occurs with high speed, is driven by individual memory, and uses state-dependent processing strategies, context material, storage options, and retrieval access. Retrieval deserves more attention. Multiple state-shifts owing to individual meaning as extracted also during sleep concatenate dream narratives and define access to segments for awake recall. [Hobson et al.; Nielson; Solms].
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  14.  19
    Birth of a Brain Disease: Science, the State and Addiction Neuropolitics.Scott Vrecko - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (4):52-67.
    This article critically interrogates contemporary forms of addiction medicine that are portrayed by policy-makers as providing a ‘rational’ or politically neutral approach to dealing with drug use and related social problems. In particular, it examines the historical origins of the biological facts that are today understood to provide a foundation for contemporary understandings of addiction as a ‘disease of the brain’. Drawing upon classic and contemporary work on ‘styles of thought’, it documents how, in the period between the mid-1960s (...)
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  15.  5
    Mixed-System Brain Dynamics: Neural Memory as a Macroscopic Ordered State[REVIEW]C. I. J. M. Stuart, Y. Takahashi & H. Umezawa - 1979 - Foundations of Physics 9 (3-4):301-327.
    The paper reviews the current situation regarding a new theory of brain dynamics put forward by the authors in an earlier publication. Motivation for the theory is discussed in terms of two issues: the long-standing problem of accounting for the stability and nonlocal properties of memory, and the experimental and theoretical evidence against the classical theory of brain action. It is shown that the new theory provides an explanation and a conceptually unifying framework for phenomena of brain (...)
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  16.  13
    Brain-Injured Persons in an Altered State of Consciousness: Measures and Intervention Strategies.L. R. Talbot & H. A. Whitaker - 1994 - Brain Injury 8:689-99.
  17.  5
    Each Distinct Type of Mental State is Supported by Specific Brain Functions.Claude Gottesmann - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):941-943.
    Reflective waking mentation is supported by cortical activating and inhibitory processes. The thought-like mental content of slow wave sleep appears with lower levels of both kinds of influence. During REM sleep, the equation: activation + disinhibition + dopamine may explain the often psychotic-like mode of psychological functioning. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Revonsuo; Solms; Vertes & Eastman].
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  18.  58
    Brain Function in Coma, Vegetative State, and Related Disorders.Steven Laureys, Adrian M. Owen & Nicholas D. Schiff - 2004 - Lancet Neurology 3:537-546.
  19.  38
    State-Dependency in Brain Stimulation Studies of Perception and Cognition.Juha Silvanto, Neil Muggleton & Vincent Walsh - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (12):447-454.
  20.  45
    Immanuel Kant's Mind and the Brain's Resting State.Georg Northoff - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):356-359.
  21.  2
    A Single Session of Exercise Increases Connectivity in Sensorimotor-Related Brain Networks: A Resting-State fMRI Study in Young Healthy Adults.Ahmad S. Rajab, David E. Crane, Laura E. Middleton, Andrew D. Robertson, Michelle Hampson & Bradley J. MacIntosh - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  22. Meal Replacement: Calming the Hot-State Brain Network of Appetite.Brielle M. Paolini, Paul J. Laurienti, James Norris & W. Jack Rejeski - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  23.  30
    Fundamentals of Whole Brain Emulation: State, Transition and Update Representations.Randal A. Koene - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (01):5-21.
  24.  1
    Effect of Electro-Acupuncture and Moxibustion on Brain Connectivity in Patients with Crohn’s Disease: A Resting-State fMRI Study.Chunhui Bao, Peng di WangLiu, Yin Shi, Xiaoming Jin, Luyi Wu, Xiaoqing Zeng, Jianye Zhang, Huirong Liu & Huangan Wu - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  25.  3
    Brain, Consciousness, and God: A Lonerganian Integration. By Daniel A. Helminiak. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2015. 432 Pp. US $95.00. [REVIEW]Brian Traska - 2017 - Zygon 52 (1):282-284.
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  26.  5
    Could I Conceive Being a Brain in a Vat? JOHN D. COLLIER This Article Accepts the Premises of Putnam's Notorious Argument That We Could Not Be a Brain in a Vat, and Argues That Even This Allows a Robust (Although Relativistic) Form of Realism. The Strategy is to Distin-Guish Between Our Ability to State a Theory and Our Ability to Conceive The.Tony Writings - 1990 - International Philosophical Quarterly 29 (2).
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  27.  2
    Steady-State Somatosensory Evoked Potential for Brain-Computer Interface—Present and Future.Sangtae Ahn, Kiwoong Kim & Sung Chan Jun - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  28.  2
    Resting-State Brain and the FTO Obesity Risk Allele: Default Mode, Sensorimotor, and Salience Network Connectivity Underlying Different Somatosensory Integration and Reward Processing Between Genotypes.Gaia Olivo, Lyle Wiemerslage, Emil K. Nilsson, Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Anna L. Larsen, Marcela Olaya Búcaro, Veronica P. Gustafsson, Olga E. Titova, Marcus Bandstein, Elna-Marie Larsson, Christian Benedict, Samantha J. Brooks & Helgi B. Schiöth - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  29.  2
    Lesion to Hippocampus Changes Resting State Functional Connectivity in Rat Brain Reflecting Structural Damage.Siugzdaite Roma, Descamps Benedicte, Van Den Berge Nathalie, Wu Guorong, Van Mierlo Pieter, Fias Wim, Raedt Robrecht & Marinazzo Daniele - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  30.  12
    Modeling the Minimally Conscious State: Measurements of Brain Function and Therapeutic Possibilities.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  31.  3
    Reflections on the Present State of the Brain Drain and a Suggested Remedy.Herbert G. Grubel - 1976 - Minerva 14 (2):209-224.
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  32.  1
    Altered Baseline Brain Activity in Experts Measured by Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuations : A Resting State fMRI Study Using Expertise Model of Acupuncturists.Minghao Dong, Jun Li, Xinfa Shi, Shudan Gao, Shijun Fu, Zongquan Liu, Fanrong Liang, Qiyong Gong, Guangming Shi & Jie Tian - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  1
    Intrinsic Brain Connectivity in Chronic Pain: A Resting-State fMRI Study in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.Pär Flodin, Sofia Martinsen, Reem Altawil, Eva Waldheim, Jon Lampa, Eva Kosek & Peter Fransson - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  34.  1
    The Internet Addiction Level on Resting-State Brain Connectivity.Hsieh Shulan & Chen Der-Yow - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  35.  1
    Theory of Mind and the Whole Brain Functional Connectivity: Behavioral and Neural Evidences with the Amsterdam Resting State Questionnaire.Antonella Marchetti, Francesca Baglio, Isa Costantini, Ottavia Dipasquale, Federica Savazzi, Raffaello Nemni, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra, Semira Tagliabue, Annalisa Valle, Davide Massaro & Ilaria Castelli - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  36.  1
    Primary Motor Cortex Mapping in Brain-Lesioned Patients Using MEG Resting-State Functional Connectivity.Coquelet Nicolas, Wens Vincent, Bourguignon Mathieu, Carrette Evelien, Op De Beeck Marc, Marty Brice, Van Bogaert Patrick, Goldman Serge & De Tiège Xavier - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  37.  1
    Changed State – Changed Brain: Shift of the Dominant Frequency of Theta Oscillations in the Rat VTA During Stereotypic Locomotion.Koulchitsky Stanislav, Beeken Thom, Monteforte Alexandre, Dethier Julie, Quertemont Etienne, Findeisen Rolf, Bullinger Eric & Seutin Vincent - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  38. Task Vs. Rest—Different Network Configurations Between the Coactivation and the Resting-State Brain Networks.Xin Di, Suril Gohel, Eun H. Kim & Bharat B. Biswal - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  39. Mild Cognitive Impairment and fMRI Studies of Brain Functional Connectivity: The State of the Art.Laia Farràs-Permanyer, Joan Guàrdia-Olmos & Maribel Peró-Cebollero - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  40. Differences in Brain Metabolism Between Patients in Coma, Vegetative State, Minimally Conscious State and Locked-in Syndrome.Steven Laureys, Marie-Elisabeth E. Faymonville & M. Ferring - 2003 - European Journal of Neurology 10.
  41. Language in the Brain at Rest: New Insights From Resting State Data and Graph Theoretical Analysis.Angela M. Muller & Martin Meyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  42. A Supervoxel-Based Method for Groupwise Whole Brain Parcellation with Resting-State fMRI Data.Jing Wang & Haixian Wang - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  43. Brain Functional Plasticity Driven by Career Experience: A Resting-State fMRI Study of the Seafarer.Nizhuan Wang, Weiming Zeng, Yuhu Shi & Hongjie Yan - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  44. Directionality of Large-Scale Resting-State Brain Networks During Eyes Open and Eyes Closed Conditions.Delong Zhang, Bishan Liang, Xia Wu, Zengjian Wang, Pengfei Xu, Song Chang, Bo Liu, Ming Liu & Ruiwang Huang - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  45.  23
    Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation.Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism, minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. Brain (...)
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  46.  76
    Neuroethics and the Problem of Other Minds: Implications of Neuroscience for the Moral Status of Brain-Damaged Patients and Nonhuman Animals. [REVIEW]Martha J. Farah - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):9-18.
    Our ethical obligations to another being depend at least in part on that being’s capacity for a mental life. Our usual approach to inferring the mental state of another is to reason by analogy: If another being behaves as I do in a circumstance that engenders a certain mental state in me, I conclude that it has engendered the same mental state in him or her. Unfortunately, as philosophers have long noted, this analogy is fallible because behavior (...)
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  47.  17
    Doctors with Borders? An Authority-Based Approach to the Brain Drain.Alfonso Donoso & Alejandra Mancilla - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):69-77.
    According to the brain drain argument, there are good reasons for states to limit the exit of their skilled workers (more specifically, healthcare workers), because of the negative impacts this type of migration has for other members of the community from which they migrate. Some theorists criticise this argument as illiberal, while others support it and ground a duty to stay of the skilled workers on rather vague concepts like patriotic virtue, or the legitimate expectations of their state (...)
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  48.  33
    Schiavo on the Cutting Edge: Functional Brain Imaging and its Impact on Surrogate End-of-Life Decision-Making.Jon B. Eisenberg - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (2):75-83.
    The article addresses the potential impact of functional brain imaging (functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron-emission tomography) on surrogate end-of-life decision-making in light of varying state-law definitions of consciousness, some of which define awareness behaviorally and others functionally. The article concludes that, in light of admonitions by neuroscientists that functional brain imaging cannot yet replace behavioral evaluation to determine the existence of consciousness, state legislatures, courts and drafters of written advance healthcare directives should consider treating behavior, (...)
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  49.  42
    Emerging From an Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome: Brain Plasticity has to Cross a Threshold Level.Sergio Bagnato, Cristina Boccagni, Antonino Sant'Angelo, Alexander A. Fingelkurts, Andrew A. Fingelkurts & Giuseppe Galardi - 2013 - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 37 (10):2721-2736.
    Unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS, previously known as vegetative state) occurs after patients survive a severe brain injury. Patients suffering from UWS have lost awareness of themselves and of the external environment and do not retain any trace of their subjective experience. Current data demonstrate that neuronal functions subtending consciousness are not completely reset in UWS; however, they are reduced below the threshold required to experience consciousness. The critical factor that determines whether patients will recover consciousness is the distance (...)
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  50.  8
    Ethics of Neuroimaging After Serious Brain Injury.Charles Weijer, Andrew Peterson, Fiona Webster, Mackenzie Graham, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Teneille Gofton, Laura E. Gonzalez-Lara, Andrea Lazosky, Lorina Naci, Loretta Norton, Kathy Speechley, Bryan Young & Adrian M. Owen - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):41.
    Patient outcome after serious brain injury is highly variable. Following a period of coma, some patients recover while others progress into a vegetative state (unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) or minimally conscious state. In both cases, assessment is difficult and misdiagnosis may be as high as 43%. Recent advances in neuroimaging suggest a solution. Both functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography have been used to detect residual cognitive function in vegetative and minimally conscious patients. Neuroimaging may improve diagnosis and (...)
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