Results for 'Brain drain'

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  1.  4
    Vertical Orienting Control: Evidence for Attentional Bias and" Neglect" in the Intact Brain.Maxwell Drain & Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (2):139.
  2. Primum Nocere: Medical Brain Drain and the Duty to Stay.Luara Ferracioli & Pablo De Lora - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (5):601-619.
    In this essay, we focus on the moral justification of a highly controversial measure to redress medical brain drain: the duty to stay. We argue that the moral justification for this duty lies primarily in the fact that medical students impose high risks on their fellow citizens while receiving their medical training, which in turn gives them a reciprocity-based reason to temporarily prioritize the medical needs of their fellow citizens.
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  3.  84
    What's Wrong with the Brain Drain (?).Iain Brassington - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):113-120.
    ABSTRACTOne of the characteristics of the relationship between the developed and developing worlds is the ‘brain drain’– the phenomenon by which expertise moves towards richer countries, thereby condemning poorer countries to continued comparative and absolute poverty. It is tempting to see the phenomenon as a moral problem in its own right, such that there is a moral imperative to end it, that is separate from any moral imperative to relieve the burden of poverty. However, it is not clear (...)
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  4. Doctors with Borders? An Authority-Based Approach to the Brain Drain.Alfonso Donoso & Alejandra Mancilla - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):69-77.
    According to the brain drain argument, there are good reasons for states to limit the exit of their skilled workers (more specifically, healthcare workers), because of the negative impacts this type of migration has for other members of the community from which they migrate. Some theorists criticise this argument as illiberal, while others support it and ground a duty to stay of the skilled workers on rather vague concepts like patriotic virtue, or the legitimate expectations of their state (...)
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  5.  52
    Reframing the Brain Drain.Alex Sager - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (5):560-79.
    Theorists concerned about the distributive effects of skilled emigration (brain drain) often argue that its harmful effects can be justly mitigated by restricting emigration from sending countries or by limiting immigration opportunities to receiving countries. I raise moral and practical concerns against restricting the movement of skilled migrants and contend that conceptualizing the moral issue in these terms leads theorists to neglect the moral salience of institutions that determine the distributive effects of migration. Using an analogy to skilled (...)
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  6.  37
    Health Without Care? Vulnerability, Medical Brain Drain, and Health Worker Responsibilities in Underserved Contexts.Yusuf Yuksekdag - 2018 - Health Care Analysis 26 (1):17-32.
    There is a consensus that the effects of medical brain drain, especially in the Sub-Saharan African countries, ought to be perceived as more than a simple misfortune. Temporary restrictions on the emigration of health workers from the region is one of the already existing policy measures to tackle the issue—while such a restrictive measure brings about the need for quite a justificatory work. A recent normative contribution to the debate by Gillian Brock provides a fruitful starting point. In (...)
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  7. From 'Brain Drain' to 'Care Drain': Women's Labor Migration and Methodological Sexism.Speranta Dumitru - 2014 - Women's Studies International Forum 47:203-212.
    The metaphor of “care drain” has been created as a womanly parallel to the “brain drain” idea. Just as “brain drain” suggests that the skilled migrants are an economic loss for the sending country, “care drain” describes the migrant women hired as care workers as a loss of care for their children left behind. This paper criticizes the construction of migrant women as “care drain” for three reasons: 1) it is built on sexist (...)
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  8.  35
    Medical Brain Drain: Free-Riding, Exploitation, and Global Justice.Merten Reglitz - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1): 67-81.
    In her debate with Michael Blake, Gillian Brock sets out to justify emigration restrictions on medical workers from poor states on the basis of their free-riding on the public investment that their states have made in them in form of a publicly funded education. For this purpose, Brock aims to isolate the question of emigration restrictions from the larger question of responsibilities for remedying global inequalities. I argue that this approach is misguided because it is blind to decisive factors at (...)
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  9.  15
    A Tax-Credit Approach to Addressing Brain Drain.Matthew J. Lister - 2017 - Saint Louis University Law Journal 62 (1):73-84.
    This paper proposes a novel use of tax policy to address one of the most pressing issues arising from economic globalization and international migration, that of “brain drain” – in particular, the migration of certain skilled and highly trained or educated professionals from less and least developed countries to wealthy “western” countries. This problem is perhaps most pressing in relation to doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals, but exists also for teachers, lawyers, economists, engineers, and other highly skilled (...)
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  10. Immigration, Self-Determination and the Brain Drain.Luara Ferracioli - 2015 - Review of International Studies 41 (1):99-115.
    This article focuses on two questions regarding the movement of persons across international borders: (1) do states have a right to unilaterally control their borders; and (2) if they do, are migration arrangements simply immune to moral considerations? Unlike open borders theorists, I answer the first question in the affirmative. However, I answer the second question in the negative. More specifically, I argue that states have a negative duty to exclude prospective immigrants whose departure could be expected to contribute to (...)
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  11. Brain Drain, Health, and Global Justice.Alex Sager - 2012 - In Rebecca S. Shah (ed.), The International Migration of Health Workers: Ethics, Rights, and Justice. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 103-117.
    This chapter criticizes policies that aim to restrict the emigration or immigration of skilled workers, analyzes the ethics of recruitment, and proposes basing an ethics of skilled migration based on the violation of negative duties not to uphold unjust institutions.
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  12.  12
    Brain Drain, Contracts, and Moral Obligation.Daniel Edward Callies - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1).
    In this paper I first argue that when answering the question of whether or not governments may restrict emigration, Brock and Blake are staking out positions not astronomically far from one another. Despite the ostensibly large philosophical gap between the two, both think that certain governments may restrict emigration when such restriction is agreed to in a morally binding contract. Secondly, both authors think that there are specific “circumstances” or “conditions” under which a contract that restricts emigration can be morally (...)
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  13.  33
    Sharing Scientific Development as an Alternative to the Brain Drain.Mohamed Jaoua - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (1):13-15.
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  14.  12
    Toward a More Inclusive Understanding of the "Brain Drain".Amy Reed-Sandoval - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):21-100.
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  15. "What Should We Do for Each Other? The Case of" Brain Drain".Stephane Chauvier - 2008 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 106 (4):771-796.
     
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  16. Can Brain Drain Justify Immigration Restrictions?Kieran Oberman - 2012 - Ethics 123 (1):427-455.
    This article considers one seemingly compelling justification for immigration restrictions: that they help restrict the brain drain of skilled workers from poor states. For some poor states, brain drain is a severe problem, sapping their ability to provide basic services. Yet this article finds that justifying immigration restrictions on brain drain grounds is far from straightforward. For restrictions to be justified, a series of demanding conditions must be fulfilled. Brain drain does provide (...)
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  17.  42
    Adding Insult to Injury: The Healthcare Brain Drain.C. R. Hooper - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):684-687.
    Recent reports published by the United Nations and the World Health Organization suggest that the brain drain of healthcare professionals from the developing to the developed world is decimating the provision of healthcare in poor countries. The migration of these key workers is driven by a combination of economic inequalities and the recruitment policies of governments in the rich world. This article assesses the impact of the healthcare brain drain and argues that wealthy countries have a (...)
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  18.  63
    The Ethics and Politics of the Brain Drain: A Communal Alternative to Liberal Perspectives.Thaddeus Metz - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):101-114.
    In Debating Brain Drain, Gillian Brock and Michael Blake both draw on a liberal moral- political foundation to address the issue, but they come to different conclusions about it. Despite the common ground of free and equal persons having a dignity that grounds human rights, Brock concludes that many medical professionals who leave a developing country soon after having received training there are wrong to do so and that the state may place some limits on their ability to (...)
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  19.  62
    Physician Brain Drain: Can Nothing Be Done?Nir Eyal & Samia A. Hurst - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (2):180-192.
    Next SectionAccess to medicines, vaccination and care in resource-poor settings is threatened by the emigration of physicians and other health workers. In entire regions of the developing world, low physician density exacerbates child and maternal mortality and hinders treatment of HIV/AIDS. This article invites philosophers to help identify ethical and effective responses to medical brain drain. It reviews existing proposals and their limitations. It makes a case that, in resource-poor countries, ’locally relevant medical training’—teaching primarily locally endemic diseases (...)
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  20.  2
    Ethics and Policy of Medical Brain Drain: A Review.Eszter Kollar & Alena Buyx - 2013 - Swiss Medical Weekly 143:1-8.
    Health-worker migration, commonly called "medical brain drain", refers to the mass migration of trained and skilled health professionals from low-income to high-income countries. This is currently leaving a significant number of poor countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, with critical staff shortages in the healthcare sector. A broad consensus exists that, where medical brain drain exacerbates such shortages, it is unethical, and this review presents the main arguments underpinning this view. Notwithstanding the general agreement, which policies are (...)
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  21.  37
    The 'Brain Drain' of Physicians: Historical Antecedents to an Ethical Debate, C. 1960–79.David Wright, Nathan Flis & Mona Gupta - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:24.
    Many western industrialized countries are currently suffering from a crisis in health human resources, one that involves a debate over the recruitment and licensing of foreign-trained doctors and nurses. The intense public policy interest in foreign-trained medical personnel, however, is not new. During the 1960s, western countries revised their immigration policies to focus on highly-trained professionals. During the following decade, hundreds of thousands of health care practitioners migrated from poorer jurisdictions to western industrialized countries to solve what were then deemed (...)
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  22.  52
    The “Brain Drain” Problem: Migrating Medical Professionals and Global Health Care.Ruth Groenhout - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):1-24.
    Brain drain, the migration of skilled labor out of less-developed countries, is an especially acute problem in the medical sector. Countries in the global South face enormous shortages of health-care workers. The most direct solution, to train more doctors and nurses, does not solve the problem because so many of those who are trained move to the global North to take advantage of higher salaries and an improved standard of living. Because we live in a world with porous (...)
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  23.  1
    Gibt es gute Gründe, das Recht auf Emigration einzuschränken? Zur normativen Herausforderung des Brain-Drain.Andreas Niederberger - 2019 - In Simone Dietz, Hannes Foth & Svenja Wiertz (eds.), Die Freiheit Zu Gehen: Ausstiegsoptionen in Politischen, Sozialen Und Existenziellen Kontexten. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 45-77.
    Unter den Menschenrechten findet sich das Recht eines jeden, den Staat zu verlassen, in dem man geboren ist oder sich gerade aufhält. In jüngerer Zeit wird insbesondere unter Verweis auf verheerende Effekte eines Brain-Drain insbesondere für ärmere Staaten die Frage diskutiert, ob Staaten dennoch das Recht haben, direkte oder indirekte Maßnahmen zu ergreifen, um Personen an der Emigration zu hindern. Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert die in diesem Kontext vorgebrachten Argumentationen für mögliche Grenzen eines Rechts auf Emigration und die (...)
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  24.  52
    Patrick J. Carr and Maria J. Kafalas, Hollowing Out the Middle: The Rural Brain Drain and What It Means for America: Beacon Press, Boston, 2009, Pp. Xiv, 172. [REVIEW]Doug Seale - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):535-543.
    Patrick J. Carr and Maria J. Kafalas, Hollowing Out the Middle: The Rural Brain Drain and What It Means for America Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s10806-010-9266-2 Authors Doug Seale, 21 Turner Ridge Road Marlborough MA 01752 USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  25. Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration?Gillian Brock & Michael Blake - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    Many of the most skilled and educated citizens of developing countries choose to emigrate. How may those societies respond to these facts? May they ever legitimately prevent the emigration of their citizens? Gillian Brock and Michael Blake debate these questions, and offer distinct arguments about the morality of emigration.
     
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  26.  6
    The Brain Drain as a Means of Cooling Hot Heads.C. L. Brace - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):348-349.
  27.  15
    Emigration in a Time of Cholera : Freedom, Brain Drain, and Human Rights.Kieran Oberman - 2016 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 4:87-108.
    A number of philosophers argue that the earth’s resources belong to every- one equally. Suppose this is true. Does this entail that people have a right to migrate across borders? This article considers two models of egalitarian ownership and assesses their implications for immigration policy. The first is Equal Division, under which each person is granted an equal share of the value of the earth’s natural resources. The second is Common Ownership, under which every person has the right to use (...)
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  28.  11
    Just Responses to Problems Associated with the Brain Drain: Identity, Community, and Obligation in an Unjust World.Gillian Brock - 2017 - South African Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):156-167.
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  29.  11
    What Should Be Done to Address Losses Associated with ‘Medical Brain Drain’?Gillian Brock & Michael Blake - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8):558-559.
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  30.  8
    Comment on Brock and Blake: Debating Brain Drain.Phil Cole - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8):562-563.
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  31.  17
    Sharing the Burdens of the Brain Drain.Lea Ypi - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1).
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  32.  11
    Migration, the 'Brain Drain', and Individual Opportunities in Gillian Brock's Global Justice.Luis Cabrera - 2011 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 4:39-49.
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  33.  4
    Brain Drain and Compulsory Service Programs.Ryan Pevnick - 2016 - Ethics and Global Politics 9 (1):33503.
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  34.  89
    Book Review Of: G. Brock and M. Blake, Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration? [REVIEW]Gary James Jason - 2016 - Dialogue (June 2016):1-2.
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  35. Coercion in the Fight Against Medical Brain Drain.Nir Eyal & Samia Hurst - unknown
    Several contributions in this book tell of doctors’ increasing emigration from developing countries where they are in critical shortage, especially from the underserved rural and public sectors of countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. They point out the severe harm from that migration to some of the world’s poorest and sickest populations who have no other doctors to turn to, and gain little from their emigration. Since significant harm to the badly off is bad, decline in that migration is (...)
     
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  36.  2
    Migration, the 'Brain Drain', and Individual Opportunities in Gillian Brock's Global Justice.Luis Cabrera - 2011 - Global Justice Theory Practice Rhetoric 4:39-49.
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  37.  36
    Stepping Out of the Brain Drain: Apply Catholic Social Teaching in a New Era of Migration. [REVIEW]John Berteaux - 2008 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 17 (2):74-77.
  38.  24
    Justice and the Reversal of the Healthcare Worker 'Brain-Drain'.Justin M. List - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):10 – 12.
  39.  9
    Hereditary Genius Revisited: Were Galton’s Missing Scientists the Aftermath of the Puritan Brain Drain to America?Philip Howard Gray - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (2):120-122.
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  40.  24
    Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration?Patti Tamara Lenard - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (4):497-500.
  41.  14
    The Economics of the “Brain Drain”: The Canadian Case. [REVIEW]Harry G. Johnson - 1965 - Minerva 3 (3):299-311.
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  42.  14
    Brock, Gillian, and Michael Blake. Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration?New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. 304. $24.95 . $99.00. [REVIEW]Peter W. Higgins - 2016 - Ethics 126 (4):1095-1100.
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  43.  23
    Long-Haul Brain Drain.Heidi Johansen-Berg - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (7):286.
  44.  10
    Gillian Brock and Michael Blake, Debating Brain Drain – May Governments Restrict Emigration? New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. 312 Pp, $ 24; ISBN: 9780199315628. [REVIEW]Christine Straehle - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (1):59-60.
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  45.  13
    The Reduction of the Brain Drain: Problems and Polices. [REVIEW]Göran Friborg - 1969 - Minerva 7 (4):760-761.
  46.  10
    Reflections on the Present State of the Brain Drain and a Suggested Remedy.Herbert G. Grubel - 1976 - Minerva 14 (2):209-224.
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  47.  10
    Reflux From the “Brain Drain”.James A. Wilson & Jerry Gaston - 1974 - Minerva 12 (4):459-468.
  48.  12
    On Some Positive Aspects of the Economics of the Brain Drain.George Psacharopoulos - 1971 - Minerva 9 (2):231-242.
  49.  5
    Debating Brain Drain: May Governments Restrict Emigration? Gillian Brock and Michael Blake New York: Oxford University Press, 2015; 304 Pp.; 24.95. [REVIEW]Gary James Jason - 2017 - Dialogue 56 (1):196-198.
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  50.  10
    The Economics of the “Brain Drain”.Harry G. Johnson - 1966 - Minerva 4 (2):273-274.
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