Results for 'Brain physiology'

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  1.  45
    The Neurological Approach to the Problem of Perception.W. Russell Brain - 1946 - Philosophy 21 (July):133-146.
    I much appreciate the honour of being invited to deliver the first Manson lecture, which, its founder has laid down, is to be devoted to the consideration of some subject of common interest to philosophy and medicine. I cannot think of anything which better fulfils that condition than the neurological approach to the problem of perception. The neurologist holds the bridge between body and mind. Every day he meets with examples of disordered perception and he learns from observing the effects (...)
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  2.  87
    The Pulse of Modernism: Experimental Physiology and Aesthetic Avant-Gardes Circa 1900.Robert Michael Brain - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):393-417.
    When discussing the changing sense of reality around 1900 in the cultural arts the lexicon of early modernism reigns supreme. This essay contends that a critical condition for the possibility of many of the turn of the century modernist movements in the arts can be found in exchange of instruments, concepts, and media of representation between the sciences and the arts. One route of interaction came through physiological aesthetics, the attempt to ‘elucidate physiologically the nature of our Aesthetic feelings’ and (...)
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  3. Galen on Bloodletting: A Study of the Origins, Development and Validity of His Opinions, with a Translation of the Three Works.Peter Brain - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    For more than two thousand years, almost all doctors in the West used bloodletting to treat a great variety of diseases and conditions. In an attempt to find out why they acted thus, Dr Brain has translated the three works on bloodletting by the second-century physician Galen, which provide by far the most comprehensive account of the practice in antiquity. This is the first published version of these works in a modern language. After a brief summary of Galen's medical (...)
     
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  4.  31
    Philosophy and Brain Physiology.Charles A. Campbell - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (January):51-56.
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  5.  25
    Personal Identity in the Light of Brain Physiology and Cognitive Psychology.John Thomas Wilke - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (3):323-334.
    The concept of the person, and the notion that the latter is an entity separate and distinct from other persons, has persisted as one of the more secure ‘givens’ of philosophical thought. We have very little difficulty, in observer language, in pointing to a person, describing his or her attributes, distinguishing him or her from other persons, etc. Likewise, it is ordinarily not much of a problem to subjectively experience, both sensorially and conceptually, the self – that is, to distinguish (...)
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  6.  6
    Brain Physiology and the Unconscious Initiation of Movements.R. Näätänen - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):549.
  7.  4
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Alfredo Pereira Jr, Maria AliceOrnellas Pereira & FábioAugusto Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183.
    The discovery of participation of astrocytes as active elements in glutamatergic tripartite synapses (composed by functional units of two neurons and one astrocyte) has led to the construction of models of cognitive functioning in the human brain, focusing on associative learning, sensory integration, conscious processing and memory formation/retrieval. We have modelled human cognitive functions by means of an ensemble of functional units (tripartite synapses) connected by gap junctions that link distributed astrocytes, allowing the formation of intra- and intercellular calcium (...)
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  8.  24
    New Light on Brain Physiology and Free Will?Irving Thalberg - 1970 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (4):379-383.
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  9.  4
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Pereira Alfredo Jr, M. A. Pereira & Fábio Augusto Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183-192.
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  10.  1
    Reflections on Pascal's Two Types of Esprit in the Light of Certain Current Insights Into Brain Physiology.Arnold van den Hooff - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (1):164-167.
  11. Discussion: Philosophy and Brain Physiology.C. A. Campbell - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (10):51.
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  12.  8
    Enlightening the Brain: Linking Deep Brain Photoreception with Behavior and Physiology.António M. Fernandes, Kandice Fero, Wolfgang Driever & Harold A. Burgess - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (9):775-779.
  13. The Brain and the Unconscious Soul in Eighteenth-Century Nervous Physiology: Robert Whytt's Sensorium Commune.Nima Bassiri - 2013 - Journal of the History of Ideas 74 (3):425-448.
  14. Attention Vs Consciousness in the Visual Brain: Differences in Conception, Phenomenology, Behavior, Neuroanatomy, and Physiology.Bernard J. Baars - 1999 - Journal of General Psychology 126:224-33.
  15.  7
    Battle for the Mind: A Physiology of Conversion and Brain-Washing.C. W. Usher - 1957 - The Eugenics Review 49 (3):147.
  16. The Intra-Cranial Circulation and Its Relation to the Physiology of the Brain.James Cappie - 1893 - The Monist 4:625.
  17. The Intra-Cranial Circulation and Its Relation to the Physiology of the Brain[REVIEW]James Cappie - 1893 - Ancient Philosophy 4:625.
     
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  18.  11
    Awareness, Attention, and Physiology of the Brain Stem.C. Cobb - 1955 - In P. Hoch & J. Zubin (eds.), Experimental Psychopathology. Grune & Stratton.
  19. Max Neuburger, The Historical Development of Experimental Brain and Spinal Cord Physiology Before Flourens Translated and Edited by Edwin Clarke). Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982. Pp. Xxii + 391. ISBN 0-8018-2380-3. £14. [REVIEW]L. S. Jacyna - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):119.
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  20.  19
    Brain and Mind.David A. Oakley (ed.) - 1985 - Methuen.
  21. From Neurons to Self-Consciousness: How the Brain Generates the Mind.Bernard Korzeniewski - 2010 - Humanity Books.
    The main idea -- The functioning of a neuron -- Brain structure and function -- The general structure of the neural network -- Instincts, emotions, free will -- The nature of mental objects -- The rise and essence of (self-)consciousness -- Artificial intelligence -- Cognitive limitations of man.
     
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  22.  32
    Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality.Paul L. Nunez - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Many faces of consciousness -- Ethics, religion, and the identity of self -- States of mind -- Why hearts don't love and brains don't pump -- EEG : a window on the mind -- Dynamic patterns as shadows of thought -- Networks, waves, and resonant binding -- The limits of science : What do we really know? -- Modern physics, cosmology, and consciousness -- The weird behavior of quantum systems -- Ontological interpretations of quantum mechanics -- Does the brain (...)
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  23.  22
    Brain Evolution in Homo: The “Radiator” Theory.Dean Falk - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):333-344.
  24.  21
    Models of Brain and Mind: Physical, Computational, and Psychological Approaches.Rahul Banerjee & B. K. Chakrabarti (eds.) - 2008 - Elsevier.
    The phenomenon of consciousness has always been a central question for philosophers and scientists. Emerging in the past decade are new approaches to the understanding of consciousness in a scientific light. This book presents a series of essays by leading thinkers giving an account of the current ideas prevalent in the scientific study of consciousness. The value of the book lies in the discussion of this interesting though complex subject from different points of view ranging from physics, computer science to (...)
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  25. The History And Philosophy Of Knowledge Of The Brain And Its Functions.F. N. L. Poynter (ed.) - 1958 - Blackwell.
     
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  26.  26
    Mind And Brain: A Philosophy Of Science.Arturo Rosenblueth - 1970 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
  27. Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States.J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold - 2003 - In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 793-842.
    Sleep researchers in different disciplines disagree about how fully dreaming can be explained in terms of brain physiology. Debate has focused on whether REM sleep dreaming is qualitatively different from nonREM (NREM) sleep and waking. A review of psychophysiological studies shows clear quantitative differences between REM and NREM mentation and between REM and waking mentation. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies also differentiate REM, NREM, and waking in features with phenomenological implications. Both evidence and theory suggest that there are (...)
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  28. Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States.J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
    Sleep researchers in different disciplines disagree about how fully dreaming can be explained in terms of brain physiology. Debate has focused on whether REM sleep dreaming is qualitatively different from nonREM (NREM) sleep and waking. A review of psychophysiological studies shows clear quantitative differences between REM and NREM mentation and between REM and waking mentation. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies also differentiate REM, NREM, and waking in features with phenomenological implications. Both evidence and theory suggest that there are (...)
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  29. The Physiology and Phenomenology of Action.A. Berthoz - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Though many philosophers of mind have taken an interest in the great developments in the brain sciences, the interest is seldom reciprocated by scientists, who frequently ignore the contributions philosophers have made to our understanding of the mind and brain. In a rare collaboration, a world famous brain scientist and an eminent philosopher have joined forces in an effort to understand how our brain interacts with the world. Does the brain behave as a calculator, combining (...)
     
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  30. The Brain's 'New' Science: Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint.Gary Hatfield - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):388-404.
    There is a strong philosophical intuition that direct study of the brain can and will constrain the development of psychological theory. When this intuition is tested against case studies on the neurophysiology and psychology of perception and memory, it turns out that psychology has led the way toward knowledge of neurophysiology. An abstract argument is developed to show that psychology can and must lead the way in neuroscientific study of mental function. The opposing intuition is based on mainly weak (...)
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  31. What Can the Mind Tell Us About the Brain? Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint.Gary Hatfield - 2009 - In Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology. Clarendon Press. pp. 434-55.
    This chapter examines the relations between psychology and neuroscience. There is a strong philosophical intuition that direct study of the brain can and will constrain the development of psychological theory. When this intuition is tested against case studies from the psychology of perception and memory, it turns out that psychology has led the way toward knowledge of neurophysiology. The chapter presents an abstract argument to show that psychology can and must lead the way in neuroscientific study of mental function. (...)
     
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  32.  5
    Parental Brain and Socioeconomic Epigenetic Effects in Human Development.James E. Swain, Suzanne C. Perkins, Carolyn J. Dayton, Eric D. Finegood & S. Shaun Ho - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):378-379.
    Critically significant parental effects in behavioral genetics may be partly understood as a consequence of maternal brain structure and function of caregiving systems recently studied in humans as well as rodents. Key parental brain areas regulate emotions, motivation/reward, and decision making, as well as more complex social-cognitive circuits. Additional key environmental factors must include socioeconomic status and paternal brain physiology. These have implications for developmental and evolutionary biology as well as public policy.
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  33.  55
    Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior.Silvia A. Bunge & Jonathan D. Wallis (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    euroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior brings together, for the first time, the experiments and theories that have created the new science of rules. Rules are central to human behavior, but until now the field of neuroscience lacked a synthetic approach to understanding them. How are rules learned, retrieved from memory, maintained in consciousness and implemented? How are they used to solve problems and select among actions and activities? How are the various levels of rules represented in the brain, ranging from (...)
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  34.  8
    If Addiction is Not Best Conceptualized a Brain Disease, Then What Kind of Disease is It?Sally L. Satel & Scott O. Lilienfeld - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-6.
    A modest opposition to the brain disease concept of addiction has been mounting for at least the last decade. Despite the good intentions behind the brain disease rhetoric – to secure more biomedical funding for addiction, to combat “stigma,” and to soften criminal approaches – the very concept of addiction as a brain disease is deeply conceptually confused. We question whether Lewis goes far enough in his challenge, robust as it is, of the brain disease concept. (...)
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  35.  12
    Where in the Brain Does the Forward Model Lurk?Opher Donchin & Amir Raz - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):402-403.
    The general applicability of forward models in brain function has previously been recognized. Grush's contribution centers largely on broadening the extent and scope of forward models. However, in his effort to expand and generalize, important distinctions may have been overlooked. A better grounding in the underlying physiology would have helped to illuminate such valuable differences and similarities.
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  36.  14
    The Interpretation of Physiology.Barbara E. Jones - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):955-956.
    Not at all self-evident, the so-called isomorphisms between the phenomenology and physiology of dreams have been interpreted by Hobson et al. in an arbitrary manner to state that dreams are stimulated by chaotic brainstem stimulation (an assumption also adopted by Vertes & Eastman). I argue that this stimulation is not chaotic at all; nor does it occur in the absence of control from the cerebral cortex, which contributes complexity to brainstem activity as well as meaningful information worth consolidating in (...)
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  37. Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and the Science of Being Human.Simeon Locke - 2008 - Praeger.
    In the beginning: introduction -- This I believe: preview -- This they believe: other views -- Where it begins: anatomy and environment -- Where it began: evolution -- What is it?: consciousness -- There was the word: self-consciousness and language -- See here: attention -- Perhaps to dream: sleep -- x=2y: representation -- The dance of life: movement -- They all fall down: dissolution of function -- Been there, done that: experience -- Which have eyes and see not: stimulus hierarchy (...)
     
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  38.  1
    Zen-Brain Reflections.James H. Austin - 2006 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of (...)
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  39.  48
    Controlling the Passions: Passion, Memory, and the Moral Physiology of Self in Seventeenth-Century Neurophilosophy.John Sutton - 1998 - In S. Gaukroger (ed.), The Soft Underbelly of Reason: the passions in the 17th century. Routledge. pp. 115-146.
    Some natural philosophers in the 17th century believed that they could control their own innards, specifically the animal spirits coursing incessantly through brain and nerves, in order to discipline or harness passion, cognition and action under rational guidance. This chapter addresses the mechanisms thought necessary after Eden for controlling the physiology of passion. The tragedy of human embedding in the body, with its cognitive and moral limitations, was paired with a sense of our confinement in sequential time. I (...)
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  40.  13
    Springs, Nitre, and Conatus. The Role of the Heart in Hobbes's Physiology and Animal Locomotion.Rodolfo Garau - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (2):231-256.
    This paper focuses on an understudied aspect of Hobbes's natural philosophy: his approach to the domain of life. I concentrate on the role assigned by Hobbes to the heart, which occupies a central role in both his account of human physiology and of the origin of animal locomotion. With this, I have three goals in mind. First, I aim to offer a cross-section of Hobbes's effort to provide a mechanistic picture of human life. Second, I aim to contextualize Hobbes's (...)
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  41.  46
    Clarifying the Discussion on Brain Death.T. Forcht Dagi & Rebecca Kaufman - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):503 – 525.
    Definitions of death are based on subjective standards, priorities, and social conventions rather than on objective facts about the state of human physiology. It is the meaning assigned to the facts that determines whensomeone may be deemed to have died, not the facts themselves. Even though subjective standards for the diagnosis of death show remarkable consistency across communities, they are extrinsic. They are driven, implicitly or explicitly, by ideas about what benefits the community rather than what benefits the indidvidual. (...)
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  42. Treatise of Man: French Text with Translation and Commentary, Trans. Thomas Steele Hall.René Descartes - 1972 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    A translation by Thomas Steele Hall, an historian of physiology, of the 1664 edition of Descartes' L'Homme (ed. Claude Clerselier). Includes an introduction, review of Descartes' physiology, a synopsis of the first French edition, bibliographical materials (editions and sources of L'Homme), and extensive interpretive notes. Also incorporates the French text of 1664 of L'Homme. Forward by I. B. Cohen.
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  43.  24
    Brain Imaging.Serge Goldman - unknown
    While philosophers have, for centuries, pondered upon the relation between mind and brain, neuroscientists have only recently been able to explore the connection analytically — to peer inside the black box. This ability stems from recent advances in technology and emerging neuroimaging modalities. It is now possible not only to produce remarkably detailed images of the brain’s structure (i.e. anatomical imaging) but also to capture images of the physiology associated with mental processes (i.e. functional imaging). We are (...)
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  44.  4
    Discoveries in the Human Brain: Neuroscience Prehistory, Brain Structure, and Function. [REVIEW]Tara Abraham - 2002 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 93:290-291.
    This book examines the historical development of studies of the brain and behavior from the early work of Aristotle and Galen up to the late twentieth century. Modern neuroscience, a multidisciplinary endeavor, emerged only recently as a unified field . This book does not treat the disciplinary history of neuroscience per se but, rather, the history of attempts to understand the nervous system and its relationship to behavior from a constellation of disciplines all related to what we now call (...)
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  45.  8
    Brain-Mind Philosophy.A. Smith - 1986 - Inquiry 29 (June):203-15.
    The remarkable advances in continuing elucidation of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the central nervous system in recent experimental animal and clinical studies have provided new contexts for evaluating earlier historical and current controversies on human brain?structure?function and brain?mind relationships. Churchland's Neurophilosophy reviews and critically evaluates the implications of the recent advances in the various neurosciences for formulation of a comprehensive concept of the nature of the mind and the historical controversies on human structure?function and (...)?mind relationships. Although uneven, it is a monumental effort and a remarkable achievement that will provide new, broader, and deeper contexts for philosophers as well as for those engaged in the various neurosciences. (shrink)
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  46. Zen-Brain Reflections.James H. Austin - 2010 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of (...)
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  47. The Physiology and Phenomenology of Action.Christopher Macann & Christopher McCann (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    In a rare collaboration, a world famous brain scientist and an eminent philosopher have joined forces in an effort to understand how our brain interacts with the world. This is a highly original volume showing how those within phenomenology and physiology can interact to further our understanding of the brain and the mind.
     
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  48. Thinking with the Dancing Brain: Embodying Neuroscience.Sandra C. Minton & Rima Faber - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    As seasoned dancers and dance educators, Minton and Faber approach brain function from inside the body as embodiment of thought. Their collection of neurological research about the thought processes in learning and performing dance encompasses a vision of dance as creative art, communication, education, and life. The book informs neuroscientists, educators, and dancers about the complex interdependence of brain localities and networking of human neurology through an integration of physiology, cognition, and the art of dance.
     
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  49.  68
    The Phenomenal Mindreader: A Case for Phenomenal Simulation.Stephen Biggs - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (1):29-42.
    This paper specifies two hypotheses that are intimated in recent research on empathy and mindreading. The first, the phenomenal simulation hypothesis, holds that those attributing mental states (i.e., mindreaders) sometimes simulate the phenomenal states of those to whom they are making attributions (i.e., targets). The second, the phenomenal mindreading hypothesis, holds that this phenomenal simulation plays an important role in some mental state attributions. After explicating these hypotheses, the paper focuses on the first. It argues that neuropsychological experiments on empathy (...)
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  50.  32
    Analysis Of Perception.J. R. Smythies - 1956 - London: : Routledge &Amp; K Paul,.
    Routledge is now re-issuing this prestigious series of 204 volumes originally published between 1910 and 1965.
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