Results for 'Bram Duyx'

198 found
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  1.  3
    Determinants of Citation in Epidemiological Studies on Phthalates: A Citation Analysis.Miriam J. E. Urlings, Bram Duyx, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Lex M. Bouter & Maurice P. A. Zeegers - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3053-3067.
    Citing of previous publications is an important factor in knowledge development. Because of the great amount of publications available, only a selection of studies gets cited, for varying reasons. If the selection of citations is associated with study outcome this is called citation bias. We will study determinants of citation in a broader sense, including e.g. study design, journal impact factor or the funding source of the publication. As a case study we assess which factors drive citation in the human (...)
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  2.  4
    Selective Citation in the Literature on Swimming in Chlorinated Water and Childhood Asthma: A Network Analysis.Maurice P. Zeegers, Lex M. Bouter, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Miriam J. E. Urlings & Bram Duyx - 2017 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 2 (1).
    BackgroundKnowledge development depends on an unbiased representation of the available evidence. Selective citation may distort this representation. Recently, some controversy emerged regarding the possible impact of swimming on childhood asthma, raising the question about the role of selective citation in this field. Our objective was to assess the occurrence and determinants of selective citation in scientific publications on the relationship between swimming in chlorinated pools and childhood asthma.MethodsWe identified scientific journal articles on this relationship via a systematic literature search. The (...)
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  3.  17
    Optimal Deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  4.  14
    Ethical Code Effectiveness in Football Clubs: A Longitudinal Analysis.Bram Constandt, Els De Waegeneer & Annick Willem - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (3):621-634.
    As football clubs are facing different ethical challenges, many clubs are turning to ethical codes to counteract unethical behaviour. However, both in- and outside the sport field, uncertainty remains about the effectiveness of these ethical codes. For the first time, a longitudinal study design was adopted to evaluate code effectiveness. Specifically, a sample of non-professional football clubs formed the subject of our inquiry. Ethical code effectiveness was assessed by the measurement of the ethical climate. A repeated-measurements ANOVA revealed a positive (...)
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  5. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Fin-de-Siecle Culture.Bram Dijkstra - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (1):100.
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  6. Dualism and Exclusion.Bram Vaassen - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (3):543-552.
    Many philosophers argue that exclusion arguments cannot exclude non-reductionist physicalist mental properties from being causes without excluding properties that are patently causal as well. List and Stoljar (2017) recently argued that a similar response to exclusion arguments is also available to dualists, thereby challenging the predominant view that exclusion arguments undermine dualist theories of mind. In particular, List and Stoljar maintain that exclusion arguments against dualism require a premise that states that, if a property is metaphysically distinct from the sufficient (...)
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  7. Causal Exclusion Without Causal Sufficiency.Bram Vaassen - 2021 - Synthese 198:10341-10353.
    Some non-reductionists claim that so-called ‘exclusion arguments’ against their position rely on a notion of causal sufficiency that is particularly problematic. I argue that such concerns about the role of causal sufficiency in exclusion arguments are relatively superficial since exclusionists can address them by reformulating exclusion arguments in terms of physical sufficiency. The resulting exclusion arguments still face familiar problems, but these are not related to the choice between causal sufficiency and physical sufficiency. The upshot is that objections to the (...)
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  8. And Therefore.Bram Vaassen & Alex Sandgren - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This article focuses on `therefore' constructions such as ‘The switch is on, and therefore the lights are on’. We submit that the contribution of `therefore’ is to express a dependence as part of the core content of these constructions, rather than being conveyed by conventional implicature (Grice 1975, Potts 2005, Neta 2013) or a triggered presupposition (Pavese 2017, forthcoming, Stokke 2017). We argue that the standard objections to this view can be answered by relying on the general projection hypothesis defended (...)
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  9.  38
    The Concept of Circular Causality Should Be Discarded.Bram Bakker - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):195-196.
    This commentary argues that one specific but central concept in Lewis's theory, circular causality, is fundamentally flawed and should be discarded – first, because it does not make theoretical sense, and, second, because it leads to problems in practice, such as confounding the interaction between different systems with the relationship between different levels of analysis of a single system.
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  10.  99
    On Loss Aversion in Bimatrix Games.Bram Driesen, Andrés Perea & Hans Peters - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (4):367-391.
    In this article three different types of loss aversion equilibria in bimatrix games are studied. Loss aversion equilibria are Nash equilibria of games where players are loss averse and where the reference points—points below which they consider payoffs to be losses—are endogenous to the equilibrium calculation. The first type is the fixed point loss aversion equilibrium, introduced in Shalev (2000; Int. J. Game Theory 29(2):269) under the name of ‘myopic loss aversion equilibrium.’ There, the players’ reference points depend on the (...)
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  11. Basic Beliefs and the Perceptual Learning Problem: A Substantial Challenge for Moderate Foundationalism.Bram M. K. Vaassen - 2016 - Episteme 13 (1):133-149.
    In recent epistemology many philosophers have adhered to a moderate foundationalism according to which some beliefs do not depend on other beliefs for their justification. Reliance on such ‘basic beliefs’ pervades both internalist and externalist theories of justification. In this article I argue that the phenomenon of perceptual learning – the fact that certain ‘expert’ observers are able to form more justified basic beliefs than novice observers – constitutes a challenge for moderate foundationalists. In order to accommodate perceptual learning cases, (...)
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  12.  20
    Ecological and Cosmological Coexistence Thinking in a Hypervariable Environment: Causal Models of Economic Success and Failure Among Farmers, Foragers, and Fishermen of Southwestern Madagascar.Bram Tucker, Tsiazonera, Jaovola Tombo, Patricia Hajasoa & Charlotte Nagnisaha - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  13.  88
    Absence and Abnormality.Bram Vaassen - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Absences pose a dilemma for theories of causation. Allowing them to be causes seems to make theories too permissive (Lewis, 2000). Banning them from being causes seems to make theories too restrictive (Schaffer, 2000, 2004). An increasingly popular approach to this dilemma is to acknowledge that norms can affect which absences count as causes (e.g., Thomson, 2003; McGrath, 2005; Henne et al., 2017; Willemsen, 2018). In this article, I distinguish between two influential implementations of such ‘abnormality’ approaches and argue that (...)
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  14.  22
    An Integrative Review of Attention Biases and Their Contribution to Treatment for Anxiety Disorders.Tom J. Barry, Bram Vervliet & Dirk Hermans - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  15. Halfway Proportionality.Bram Vaassen - 2022 - Philosophical Studies:1-21.
    According to the so-called 'proportionality principle', causes should be proportional to their effects: they should be both enough and not too much for the occurrence of their effects. This principle is the subject of an ongoing debate. On the one hand, many maintain that it is required to address the problem of causal exclusion and take it to capture a crucial aspect of causation. On the other hand, many object that it renders accounts of causation implausibly restrictive and often reject (...)
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  16. To Repent or To Rationalize: Three Physicians Exchange Letters on the Ethics of Experimentation in Postwar Medicine.Bram P. Wispelwey & Alan B. Jotkowitz - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):236-243.
    On the 50th anniversary of the Willowbrook experiment's inception, in which Dr. Saul Krugman intentionally infected cognitively disabled children with hepatitis, it is worth reflecting on how our attitude toward research ethics of the past informs our current practices. In examining ethical violations in postwar medicine, we frequently turn to examples that shock and appall, thereby offering concomitant comfort as we measure their safe distance from our own medical context. And yet, which modern medical student has not heard a variation (...)
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  17.  15
    Trust Within Reason (SJ Brams).M. Hollis - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40 (2):129-130.
    Some philosophers hold that trust grows fragile when people become too rational. They advocate a retreat from reason and a return to local, traditional values. Others hold that truly rational people are both trusting and trustworthy. Everything hinges on what we mean by 'reason' and 'rational'. If these are understood in an egocentric, instrumental fashion, then they are indeed incompatible with trust. With the help of game theory, Martin Hollis argues against that narrow definition and in favour of a richer, (...)
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  18.  20
    Perception of Interannual Covariation and Strategies for Risk Reduction Among Mikea of Madagascar.Bram Tucker - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (2):162-180.
    This paper begins with the hypothesis that Mikea, participants in a mixed foraging–fishing–farming–herding economy of southwestern Madagascar, may attempt to reduce interannual variance in food supply caused by unpredictable rainfall by following a simple rule-of-thumb: Practice an even mix of activities that covary positively with rainfall and activities that covary negatively with rainfall. Results from a historical matrix participatory exercise confirm that Mikea perceive that foraging and farming outcomes covary positively or negatively with rainfall. This paper further considers whether Mikea (...)
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  19.  14
    Mitochondria: The Red Queen Lies Within.Bram Kuijper - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (9):934-934.
  20.  20
    De politiek van emoties.Bram Mises - 2007 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 47 (4):43-54.
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  21.  6
    Review of Ola Innset’s Reinventing Liberalism. The Politics, Philosophy and Economics of Early Neoliberalism (1920–1947). Cham: Springer, 2020, 207 Pp. [REVIEW]Bram Mellink - 2020 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 13 (1).
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  22.  54
    Using the Social Robot Probo as a Social Story Telling Agent for Children with ASD.Bram Vanderborght, Ramona Simut, Jelle Saldien, Cristina Pop, Alina S. Rusu, Sebastian Pintea, Dirk Lefeber & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studies 13 (3):348-372.
    This paper aims to study the role of the social robot Probo in providing assistance to a therapist for robot assisted therapy (RAT) with autistic children. Children with autism have difficulties with social interaction and several studies indicate that they show preference toward interaction with objects, such as computers and robots, rather than with humans. In 1991, Carol Gray developed Social Stories, an intervention tool aimed to increase children's social skills. Social stories are short scenarios written or tailored for autistic (...)
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  23.  2
    Wie steunt populisme en waarom?Bram Spruyt, Gil Keppens & Filip Van Droogenbroeck - 2016 - Res Publica 58 (3):384-386.
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  24.  17
    (Judicious) Interpretation: Walter Benjamin Reads the Early German Romantics.Bram Mertens - 2014 - History of European Ideas 40 (2):1-18.
    In his doctoral dissertation—The Concept of Criticism in German Romanticism, finished in 1919 and published as a book in 1920—Walter Benjamin explores the epistemological and aesthetic foundations of the concept of criticism expounded by the early German Romantics Friedrich Schlegel and Novalis. Many of the themes in the dissertation recur in his later work, which has led scholars to believe that much of Benjamin's thought is directly influenced by the Romantics. However, a detailed investigation of the origins and development of (...)
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  25. Maximi Confessoris Vitae Et Passiones Graecae: The Development of a Hagiographic Dossier (*).Bram Roosen - 2010 - Byzantion 80:408-460.
    The Greek hagiographic dossier concerning Maximus the Confessor consists of a number of different passiones and vitae, which all present basically the same information, frequently worded in a similar, if not identical way. In the present article an attempt is made to explain this situation by establishing the relationships between these texts. For the first time the passiones in the Synaxarium Constantinopolitanum and in Patmiacus 266 are taken into consideration. Moreover, the conclusions for the most famous vita may prove to (...)
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  26. Causal After All : A Model of Mental Causation for Dualists.Bram Vaassen - 2019 - Dissertation, Umeå University
    In this dissertation, I develop and defend a model of causation that allows for dualist mental causation in worlds where the physical domain is physically complete. In Part I, I present the dualist ontology that will be assumed throughout the thesis and identify two challenges for models of mental causation within such an ontology: the exclusion worry and the common cause worry. I also argue that a proper response to these challenges requires a thoroughly lightweight account of causation, i.e. an (...)
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  27.  4
    Van Volksunie (VU) naar Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie.Bram Wauters & Nicolas Bouteca - 2016 - Res Publica 58 (3):317-337.
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  28. Fair Division: From Cake-Cutting to Dispute Resolution.Steven J. Brams & Alan D. Taylor - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cutting a cake, dividing up the property in an estate, determining the borders in an international dispute - such problems of fair division are ubiquitous. Fair Division treats all these problems and many more through a rigorous analysis of a variety of procedures for allocating goods, or deciding who wins on what issues, when there are disputes. Starting with an analysis of the well-known cake-cutting procedure, 'I cut, you choose', the authors show how it has been adapted in a number (...)
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  29.  10
    Gamma Flicker Elicits Positive Affect Without Awareness.Bram T. Heerebout, A. E. Yoram Tap, Mark Rotteveel & R. Hans Phaf - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):281-289.
    High-frequency oscillations emerged as a neural code for both positive affect and fluent attentional processing from evolutionary simulations with artificial neural networks. Visual 50 Hz flicker, which entrains neural oscillations in the gamma band, has been shown to foster attentional switching, but can it also elicit positive affect? A three-faces display was preceded by a 50, 25, or 0 Hz flicker on the position of the odd-one-out . Participants decided on the gender or on the subjective valence of this neutral (...)
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  30.  7
    The Transplantation of Solid Organs From HIV-Positive Donors to HIV-Negative Recipients: Ethical Implications.Bram P. Wispelwey, Ari Z. Zivotofsky & Alan B. Jotkowitz - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):367-370.
  31.  27
    Using the Social Robot Probo as a Social Story Telling Agent for Children with ASD.Bram Vanderborght, Ramona Simut, Jelle Saldien, Cristina Pop, Alina S. Rusu, Sebastian Pintea, Dirk Lefeber & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (3):348-372.
    This paper aims to study the role of the social robot Probo in providing assistance to a therapist for robot assisted therapy with autistic children. Children with autism have difficulties with social interaction and several studies indicate that they show preference toward interaction with objects, such as computers and robots, rather than with humans. In 1991, Carol Gray developed Social Stories, an intervention tool aimed to increase children’s social skills. Social stories are short scenarios written or tailored for autistic individuals (...)
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  32.  12
    The Works of Nicetas Heracleensis O Tou Serron.Bram Roosen - 1999 - Byzantion: Revue Internationale des Etudes Byzantines 69:119-114.
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  33. Ethnic Markers without Ethnic Conflict.Bram Tucker, Erik J. Ringen, Tsiazonera, Jaovola Tombo, Patricia Hajasoa, Soanahary Gérard, Rolland Lahiniriko & Angelah Halatiana Garçon - 2021 - Human Nature 32 (3):529-556.
    People often signal their membership in groups through their clothes, hairstyle, posture, and dialect. Most existing evolutionary models argue that markers label group members so individuals can preferentially interact with those in their group. Here we ask why people mark ethnic differences when interethnic interaction is routine, necessary, and peaceful. We asked research participants from three ethnic groups in southwestern Madagascar to sort photos of unfamiliar people by ethnicity, and by with whom they would prefer or not prefer to cooperate, (...)
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  34.  34
    Applying Behavioral Ecology and Behavioral Economics to Conservation and Development Planning: An Example From the Mikea Forest, Madagascar. [REVIEW]Bram Tucker - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (3):190-208.
    Governments and non-govermental organizations (NGOs) that plan projects to conserve the environment and alleviate poverty often attempt to modify rural livelihoods by halting activities they judge to be destructive or inefficient and encouraging alternatives. Project planners typically do so without understanding how rural people themselves judge the value of their activities. When the alternatives planners recommend do not replace the value of banned activities, alternatives are unlikely to be adopted, and local people will refuse to participate. Human behavioral ecology and (...)
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  35.  3
    Gamma Flicker Elicits Positive Affect Without Awareness.Bram Heerebout, A. E. Tap, Mark Rotteveel & R. Phaf - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):281-289.
    High-frequency oscillations emerged as a neural code for both positive affect and fluent attentional processing from evolutionary simulations with artificial neural networks. Visual 50 Hz flicker, which entrains neural oscillations in the gamma band, has been shown to foster attentional switching, but can it also elicit positive affect? A three-faces display was preceded by a 50, 25, or 0 Hz flicker on the position of the odd-one-out. Participants decided on the gender or on the subjective valence of this neutral target (...)
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  36.  46
    Deleuze Modernist.Bram Ieven - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (1):84-96.
    This article discusses the distinction between Figure and Form that Deleuze introduces in Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation. He uses the distinction to articulate the difference between two trajectories in modernist painting: the first focusing on sensation, the second on cerebral abstraction. I argue that the distinction between Form and Figure –– and the disjunction of two types of modernist painting initiated by this distinction –– is not as easy to maintain as might appear at first sight. Mapping the (...)
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  37.  1
    De participatie aan interne partijverkiezingen.Bram Wauters - 2010 - Res Publica 52 (3):411-413.
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  38.  32
    The Human Behavioral Ecology of Contemporary World Issues.Bram Tucker & Lisa Rende Taylor - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (3):181-189.
    Human behavioral ecology (HBE) began as an attempt to explain human economic, reproductive, and social behavior using neodarwinian theory in concert with theory from ecology and economics, and ethnographic methods. HBE has addressed subsistence decision-making, cooperation, life history trade-offs, parental investment, mate choice, and marriage strategies among hunter-gatherers, herders, peasants, and wage earners in rural and urban settings throughout the world. Despite our rich insights into human behavior, HBE has very rarely been used as a tool to help the people (...)
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  39.  2
    Fiscale onrechtvaardigheid als argument in het belastingbeleid van de Vlaamse gemeenten.Bram Mahieu, Bruno Heyndels & Benny Geys - 2014 - Res Publica 56 (2):149-170.
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  40.  25
    Het gebruik van de voorkeurstem bij de regionale en Europese parlementsverkiezingen van 13 juni 2004.Bram Wauters, Karolien Weekers & Jean-Benoît Pilet - 2004 - Res Publica 46 (2-3):377-412.
    On 13 June 2003, elections for both the regional parliaments and the European Parliament were held in Belgium.The percentage of voters casting a preferential vote increased when compared with the previous regional and European elections of 1999, reaching scores clearly higher than 60%. The new electoral laws are one explanation for this increase, together with societal evolutions, such as individualism, anti-party feelings, personalization of polities and the appearance of cartels. In comparison with the federal elections of 2003 however, there was (...)
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  41. Frequency and Motivational State: Evolutionary Simulations Suggest an Adaptive Function for Network Oscillations.Bram T. Heerebout & R. Hans Phaf - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
  42.  14
    Elephant.Bram Ieven - 2009 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (4):42-43.
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  43. Steven Brams, "Game Theory and Politics". [REVIEW]John Ferejohn - 1977 - Theory and Decision 8 (4):413.
     
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  44.  5
    Frederico De Romanis, The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus, Oxford (Oxford University Press) 2020; 51 s/W Abb., 416 S., ISBN 978-0-19-884234-7 (Geb.), £ 85,–The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus. [REVIEW]Bram Fauconnier - 2021 - Klio 103 (1):332-335.
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  45. Aristoteles Latinus Database Ald-1.J. Brams, Paul Tombeur, Union Académique Internationale, Centre Traditio Litterarum Occidentalium & Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven ) - 2003
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  46. Een Verscheurende Keuze : Analyse van Het Stemgedrag van de VU-Leden Bij de Ledenbevraging Over Het Voortbestaan van de Partij.Bram Wauters - 2002 - Res Publica 44 (1):3-26.
    The Flemish-nationalist party Volksunie ceased to exist in 2001. Due to deep divisions within the party, it was decided to organise a referendum in which each party-member could vote for a project, outlining the future of the party. Since none of the three projects managed to obtain a 50 %-majority, a requisite to preserve the party name, the name Volksunie disappeared and the party was split up in two new parties. In this article we tried to answer the question which (...)
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  47.  1
    Some Notes on the Athenian Gymnasiarch.Bram Fauconnier - 2022 - Klio 104 (1):135-158.
    Summary This paper investigates the Athenian gymnasiarchy, an office that remains badly understood. Originally a festival liturgy, the gymnasiarchy was transformed into a magistracy at the end of the fourth century BC. This paper first examines the reasons for the shift and argues that it was connected to broader political currents in late Classical Athens. Secondly, it sheds new light on the nature of the office in the Hellenistic period. Whereas earlier scholars assumed that the Athenian gymnasiarch was a minor (...)
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  48.  63
    Jozef Brams (27 June 1937-23 October 2003).Pieter De Leemans - 2003 - Early Science and Medicine 8 (4):291-293.
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  49.  1
    Measuring School Absenteeism: Administrative Attendance Data Collected by Schools Differ From Self-Reports in Systematic Ways.Gil Keppens, Bram Spruyt & Jonas Dockx - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  50.  3
    Walter Scheidel, Escape From Rome. The Failure of Empire and the Road to Prosperity, Princeton (Princeton University Press) 2019, 29 s/W Abb., 5 Tab., 36 Ktn., 696 S., ISBN 978-0-691-17218-7 (Geb.), $ 35,–Escape From Rome. The Failure of Empire and the Road to Prosperity. [REVIEW]Bram Fauconnier - 2020 - Klio 102 (2):793-796.
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