Results for 'Bram Duyx'

178 found
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  1.  3
    Determinants of Citation in Epidemiological Studies on Phthalates: A Citation Analysis.Miriam J. E. Urlings, Bram Duyx, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Lex M. Bouter & Maurice P. A. Zeegers - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3053-3067.
    Citing of previous publications is an important factor in knowledge development. Because of the great amount of publications available, only a selection of studies gets cited, for varying reasons. If the selection of citations is associated with study outcome this is called citation bias. We will study determinants of citation in a broader sense, including e.g. study design, journal impact factor or the funding source of the publication. As a case study we assess which factors drive citation in the human (...)
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  2. Selective Citation in the Literature on Swimming in Chlorinated Water and Childhood Asthma: A Network Analysis.Maurice P. Zeegers, Lex M. Bouter, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Miriam J. E. Urlings & Bram Duyx - 2017 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 2 (1).
    BackgroundKnowledge development depends on an unbiased representation of the available evidence. Selective citation may distort this representation. Recently, some controversy emerged regarding the possible impact of swimming on childhood asthma, raising the question about the role of selective citation in this field. Our objective was to assess the occurrence and determinants of selective citation in scientific publications on the relationship between swimming in chlorinated pools and childhood asthma.MethodsWe identified scientific journal articles on this relationship via a systematic literature search. The (...)
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  3.  53
    Using the Social Robot Probo as a Social Story Telling Agent for Children with ASD.Bram Vanderborght, Ramona Simut, Jelle Saldien, Cristina Pop, Alina S. Rusu, Sebastian Pintea, Dirk Lefeber & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studies 13 (3):348-372.
    This paper aims to study the role of the social robot Probo in providing assistance to a therapist for robot assisted therapy (RAT) with autistic children. Children with autism have difficulties with social interaction and several studies indicate that they show preference toward interaction with objects, such as computers and robots, rather than with humans. In 1991, Carol Gray developed Social Stories, an intervention tool aimed to increase children's social skills. Social stories are short scenarios written or tailored for autistic (...)
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  4.  16
    Optimal Deterrence*: Steven J. Brams and D. Marc Kilgour.Steven J. Brams - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (1):118-135.
    1. Introduction The policy of deterrence, at least to avert nuclear war between the superpowers, has been a controversial one. The main controversy arises from the threat of each side to visit destruction on the other in response to an initial attack. This threat would seem irrational if carrying it out would lead to a nuclear holocaust – the worst outcome for both sides. Instead, it would seem better for the side attacked to suffer some destruction rather than to retaliate (...)
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  5.  26
    Using the Social Robot Probo as a Social Story Telling Agent for Children with ASD.Bram Vanderborght, Ramona Simut, Jelle Saldien, Cristina Pop, Alina S. Rusu, Sebastian Pintea, Dirk Lefeber & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 13 (3):348-372.
    This paper aims to study the role of the social robot Probo in providing assistance to a therapist for robot assisted therapy with autistic children. Children with autism have difficulties with social interaction and several studies indicate that they show preference toward interaction with objects, such as computers and robots, rather than with humans. In 1991, Carol Gray developed Social Stories, an intervention tool aimed to increase children’s social skills. Social stories are short scenarios written or tailored for autistic individuals (...)
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  6.  11
    Ethical Code Effectiveness in Football Clubs: A Longitudinal Analysis.Bram Constandt, Els De Waegeneer & Annick Willem - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (3):621-634.
    As football clubs are facing different ethical challenges, many clubs are turning to ethical codes to counteract unethical behaviour. However, both in- and outside the sport field, uncertainty remains about the effectiveness of these ethical codes. For the first time, a longitudinal study design was adopted to evaluate code effectiveness. Specifically, a sample of non-professional football clubs formed the subject of our inquiry. Ethical code effectiveness was assessed by the measurement of the ethical climate. A repeated-measurements ANOVA revealed a positive (...)
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  7. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Fin-de-Siecle Culture.Bram Dijkstra - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (1):100.
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  8. Causal Exclusion Without Causal Sufficiency.Bram Vaassen - 2020 - Synthese:1-13.
    Some non-reductionists claim that so-called ‘exclusion arguments’ against their position rely on a notion of causal sufficiency that is particularly problematic. I argue that such concerns about the role of causal sufficiency in exclusion arguments are relatively superficial since exclusionists can address them by reformulating exclusion arguments in terms of physical sufficiency. The resulting exclusion arguments still face familiar problems, but these are not related to the choice between causal sufficiency and physical sufficiency. The upshot is that objections to the (...)
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  9. Basic Beliefs and the Perceptual Learning Problem: A Substantial Challenge for Moderate Foundationalism.Bram M. K. Vaassen - 2016 - Episteme 13 (1):133-149.
    In recent epistemology many philosophers have adhered to a moderate foundationalism according to which some beliefs do not depend on other beliefs for their justification. Reliance on such ‘basic beliefs’ pervades both internalist and externalist theories of justification. In this article I argue that the phenomenon of perceptual learning – the fact that certain ‘expert’ observers are able to form more justified basic beliefs than novice observers – constitutes a challenge for moderate foundationalists. In order to accommodate perceptual learning cases, (...)
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  10.  20
    Ecological and Cosmological Coexistence Thinking in a Hypervariable Environment: Causal Models of Economic Success and Failure Among Farmers, Foragers, and Fishermen of Southwestern Madagascar.Bram Tucker, Tsiazonera, Jaovola Tombo, Patricia Hajasoa & Charlotte Nagnisaha - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  11.  1
    Using the Social Robot Probo as a Social Story Telling Agent for Children with ASD.Bram Vanderborght, Ramona Simut, Jelle Saldien, Cristina A. Pop, Alina S. Rusu, Sebastian Pintea, Dirk Lefeber & Daniel O. David - 2012 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 13 (3):348-372.
    This paper aims to study the role of the social robot Probo in providing assistance to a therapist for robot assisted therapy with autistic children. Children with autism have difficulties with social interaction and several studies indicate that they show preference toward interaction with objects, such as computers and robots, rather than with humans. In 1991, Carol Gray developed Social Stories, an intervention tool aimed to increase children’s social skills. Social stories are short scenarios written or tailored for autistic individuals (...)
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  12.  13
    Trust Within Reason (SJ Brams).M. Hollis - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40 (2):129-130.
    Some philosophers hold that trust grows fragile when people become too rational. They advocate a retreat from reason and a return to local, traditional values. Others hold that truly rational people are both trusting and trustworthy. Everything hinges on what we mean by 'reason' and 'rational'. If these are understood in an egocentric, instrumental fashion, then they are indeed incompatible with trust. With the help of game theory, Martin Hollis argues against that narrow definition and in favour of a richer, (...)
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  13.  99
    On Loss Aversion in Bimatrix Games.Bram Driesen, Andrés Perea & Hans Peters - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (4):367-391.
    In this article three different types of loss aversion equilibria in bimatrix games are studied. Loss aversion equilibria are Nash equilibria of games where players are loss averse and where the reference points—points below which they consider payoffs to be losses—are endogenous to the equilibrium calculation. The first type is the fixed point loss aversion equilibrium, introduced in Shalev (2000; Int. J. Game Theory 29(2):269) under the name of ‘myopic loss aversion equilibrium.’ There, the players’ reference points depend on the (...)
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  14.  19
    Perception of Interannual Covariation and Strategies for Risk Reduction Among Mikea of Madagascar.Bram Tucker - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (2):162-180.
    This paper begins with the hypothesis that Mikea, participants in a mixed foraging–fishing–farming–herding economy of southwestern Madagascar, may attempt to reduce interannual variance in food supply caused by unpredictable rainfall by following a simple rule-of-thumb: Practice an even mix of activities that covary positively with rainfall and activities that covary negatively with rainfall. Results from a historical matrix participatory exercise confirm that Mikea perceive that foraging and farming outcomes covary positively or negatively with rainfall. This paper further considers whether Mikea (...)
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  15.  31
    The Concept of Circular Causality Should Be Discarded.Bram Bakker - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):195-196.
    This commentary argues that one specific but central concept in Lewis's theory, circular causality, is fundamentally flawed and should be discarded – first, because it does not make theoretical sense, and, second, because it leads to problems in practice, such as confounding the interaction between different systems with the relationship between different levels of analysis of a single system.
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  16.  33
    Applying Behavioral Ecology and Behavioral Economics to Conservation and Development Planning: An Example From the Mikea Forest, Madagascar. [REVIEW]Bram Tucker - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (3):190-208.
    Governments and non-govermental organizations (NGOs) that plan projects to conserve the environment and alleviate poverty often attempt to modify rural livelihoods by halting activities they judge to be destructive or inefficient and encouraging alternatives. Project planners typically do so without understanding how rural people themselves judge the value of their activities. When the alternatives planners recommend do not replace the value of banned activities, alternatives are unlikely to be adopted, and local people will refuse to participate. Human behavioral ecology and (...)
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  17.  31
    The Human Behavioral Ecology of Contemporary World Issues.Bram Tucker & Lisa Rende Taylor - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (3):181-189.
    Human behavioral ecology (HBE) began as an attempt to explain human economic, reproductive, and social behavior using neodarwinian theory in concert with theory from ecology and economics, and ethnographic methods. HBE has addressed subsistence decision-making, cooperation, life history trade-offs, parental investment, mate choice, and marriage strategies among hunter-gatherers, herders, peasants, and wage earners in rural and urban settings throughout the world. Despite our rich insights into human behavior, HBE has very rarely been used as a tool to help the people (...)
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  18.  9
    Gamma Flicker Elicits Positive Affect Without Awareness.Bram T. Heerebout, A. E. Yoram Tap, Mark Rotteveel & R. Hans Phaf - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):281-289.
    High-frequency oscillations emerged as a neural code for both positive affect and fluent attentional processing from evolutionary simulations with artificial neural networks. Visual 50 Hz flicker, which entrains neural oscillations in the gamma band, has been shown to foster attentional switching, but can it also elicit positive affect? A three-faces display was preceded by a 50, 25, or 0 Hz flicker on the position of the odd-one-out . Participants decided on the gender or on the subjective valence of this neutral (...)
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  19.  2
    Gamma Flicker Elicits Positive Affect Without Awareness.Bram Heerebout, A. E. Tap, Mark Rotteveel & R. Phaf - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):281-289.
    High-frequency oscillations emerged as a neural code for both positive affect and fluent attentional processing from evolutionary simulations with artificial neural networks. Visual 50 Hz flicker, which entrains neural oscillations in the gamma band, has been shown to foster attentional switching, but can it also elicit positive affect? A three-faces display was preceded by a 50, 25, or 0 Hz flicker on the position of the odd-one-out. Participants decided on the gender or on the subjective valence of this neutral target (...)
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  20.  22
    An Integrative Review of Attention Biases and Their Contribution to Treatment for Anxiety Disorders.Tom J. Barry, Bram Vervliet & Dirk Hermans - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  21.  47
    What is Fair and Equitable Benefit-Sharing?Bram De Jonge - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):127-146.
    “Fair and equitable benefit-sharing” is one of the objectives of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the FAO International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. In essence, benefit-sharing holds that countries, farmers, and indigenous communities that grant access to their plant genetic resources and/or traditional knowledge should share in the benefits that users derive from these resources. But what exactly is understood by “fair” and “equitable” in this context? Neither term is defined in the international treaties. (...)
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  22.  19
    De politiek van emoties.Bram Mises - 2007 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 47 (4):43-54.
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  23.  54
    Power and Size: A New Paradox. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams & Paul J. Affuso - 1976 - Theory and Decision 7 (1-2):29-56.
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  24.  53
    Is the Emotional Modulation of the Attentional Blink Driven by Response Bias?Helen Tibboel, Bram Van Bockstaele & Jan De Houwer - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1176-1183.
  25. Plutarch’s Use of Anecdotes and the Date of De Tranquillitate Animi.Bram Demulder - 2021 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 165 (1):153-158.
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  26.  38
    Divide the Dollar: Three Solutions and Extensions. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams & Alan D. Taylor - 1994 - Theory and Decision 37 (2):211-231.
  27.  20
    Reliability and Validity of Measures of Attentional Bias Towards Threat in Unselected Student Samples: Seek, but Will You Find?Bram Van Bockstaele, Luuk Lamens, Elske Salemink, Reinout W. Wiers, Susan M. Bögels & Kyriaki Nikolaou - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):217-228.
    Although attentional bias is considered a key characteristic of anxiety problems, the psychometric properties of most AB measures are either problematic or unknown. We conducted two experiment...
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  28.  29
    Staying Power in Sequential Games.Steven J. Brams & Marek P. Hessel - 1983 - Theory and Decision 15 (3):279-302.
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  29.  8
    Euthanasia Requests in Dementia Cases; What Are Experiences and Needs of Dutch Physicians? A Qualitative Interview Study.Jaap Schuurmans, Romy Bouwmeester, Lamar Crombach, Tessa van Rijssel, Lizzy Wingens, Kristina Georgieva, Nadine O’Shea, Stephanie Vos, Bram Tilburgs & Yvonne Engels - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-9.
    In the Netherlands, in 2002, euthanasia became a legitimate medical act, only allowed when the due care criteria and procedural requirements are met. Legally, an Advanced Euthanasia Directive can replace direct communication if a patient can no longer express his own wishes. In the past decade, an exponential number of persons with dementia share a euthanasia request with their physician. The impact this on physicians, and the consequent support needs, remained unknown. Our objective was to gain more insight into the (...)
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  30. Steven Brams, "Game Theory and Politics". [REVIEW]John Ferejohn - 1977 - Theory and Decision 8 (4):413.
     
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  31.  90
    And Therefore.Bram Vaassen & Alexander Sandgren - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This article focuses on `therefore' constructions such as ‘The switch is on, and therefore the lights are on’. We submit that the contribution of `therefore’ is to express a dependence as part of the core content of these constructions, rather than being conveyed by conventional implicature (Grice 1975, Potts 2005, Neta 2013) or a triggered presupposition (Pavese 2017, forthcoming, Stokke 2017). We argue that the standard objections to this view can be answered by relying on the general projection hypothesis defended (...)
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  32.  72
    Fair Division of Indivisible Items.Steven J. Brams, Paul H. Edelman & Peter C. Fishburn - 2003 - Theory and Decision 55 (2):147-180.
    This paper analyzes criteria of fair division of a set of indivisible items among people whose revealed preferences are limited to rankings of the items and for whom no side payments are allowed. The criteria include refinements of Pareto optimality and envy-freeness as well as dominance-freeness, evenness of shares, and two criteria based on equally-spaced surrogate utilities, referred to as maxsum and equimax. Maxsum maximizes a measure of aggregate utility or welfare, whereas equimax lexicographically maximizes persons' utilities from smallest to (...)
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  33.  29
    Vicissitudes of Benefit Sharing of Crop Genetic Resources: Downstream and Upstream.Bram de Jonge & Michiel Korthals - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (3):144–157.
  34.  11
    Mitochondria: The Red Queen Lies Within.Bram Kuijper - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (9):934-934.
  35. Maximi Confessoris Vitae Et Passiones Graecae: The Development of a Hagiographic Dossier (*).Bram Roosen - 2010 - Byzantion 80:408-460.
    The Greek hagiographic dossier concerning Maximus the Confessor consists of a number of different passiones and vitae, which all present basically the same information, frequently worded in a similar, if not identical way. In the present article an attempt is made to explain this situation by establishing the relationships between these texts. For the first time the passiones in the Synaxarium Constantinopolitanum and in Patmiacus 266 are taken into consideration. Moreover, the conclusions for the most famous vita may prove to (...)
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  36.  11
    The Works of Nicetas Heracleensis O Tou Serron.Bram Roosen - 1999 - Byzantion: Revue Internationale des Etudes Byzantines 69:119-114.
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  37.  1
    Wie steunt populisme en waarom?Bram Spruyt, Gil Keppens & Filip Van Droogenbroeck - 2016 - Res Publica 58 (3):384-386.
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  38. To Repent or To Rationalize: Three Physicians Exchange Letters on the Ethics of Experimentation in Postwar Medicine.Bram P. Wispelwey & Alan B. Jotkowitz - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):236-243.
    On the 50th anniversary of the Willowbrook experiment's inception, in which Dr. Saul Krugman intentionally infected cognitively disabled children with hepatitis, it is worth reflecting on how our attitude toward research ethics of the past informs our current practices. In examining ethical violations in postwar medicine, we frequently turn to examples that shock and appall, thereby offering concomitant comfort as we measure their safe distance from our own medical context. And yet, which modern medical student has not heard a variation (...)
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  39.  6
    The Transplantation of Solid Organs From HIV-Positive Donors to HIV-Negative Recipients: Ethical Implications.Bram P. Wispelwey, Ari Z. Zivotofsky & Alan B. Jotkowitz - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):367-370.
  40.  15
    Measuring the Unmeasurable.Stefan L. K. Gruijters & Bram P. I. Fleuren - 2018 - Human Nature 29 (1):33-44.
    Within evolutionary biology, life-history theory is used to explain cross-species differences in allocation strategies regarding reproduction, maturation, and survival. Behavioral scientists have recently begun to conceptualize such strategies as a within-species individual characteristic that is predictive of behavior. Although life history theory provides an important framework for behavioral scientists, the psychometric approach to life-history strategy measurement—as operationalized by K-factors—involves conceptual entanglements. We argue that current psychometric approaches attempting to identify K-factors are based on an unwarranted conflation of functional descriptions and (...)
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  41.  55
    Backward Induction Is Not Robust: The Parity Problem and the Uncertainty Problem. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams & D. Marc Kilgour - 1998 - Theory and Decision 45 (3):263-289.
    A cornerstone of game theory is backward induction, whereby players reason backward from the end of a game in extensive form to the beginning in order to determine what choices are rational at each stage of play. Truels, or three-person duels, are used to illustrate how the outcome can depend on (1) the evenness/oddness of the number of rounds (the parity problem) and (2) uncertainty about the endpoint of the game (the uncertainty problem). Since there is no known endpoint in (...)
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  42.  8
    Limited Generalisation of Changes in Attentional Bias Following Attentional Bias Modification with the Visual Probe Task.Bram Van Bockstaele, Elske Salemink, Susan M. Bögels & Reinout W. Wiers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (2).
  43.  30
    Double Deception: Two Against One in Three-Person Games. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams & Frank C. Zagare - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (1):81-90.
    This article examines deception possibilities for two players in simple three-person voting games. An example of one game vulnerable to (tacit) deception by two players is given and its implications discussed. The most unexpected findings of this study is that in those games vulnerable to deception by two players, the optimal strategy of one of them is always to announce his (true) preference order. Moreover, since the player whose optimal announcement is his true one is unable to induce a better (...)
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  44.  59
    A Survey of Expectations About the Role of Robots in Robot-Assisted Therapy for Children with ASD: Ethical Acceptability, Trust, Sociability, Appearance, and Attachment.Mark Coeckelbergh, Cristina Pop, Ramona Simut, Andreea Peca, Sebastian Pintea, Daniel David & Bram Vanderborght - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):47-65.
    The use of robots in therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder raises issues concerning the ethical and social acceptability of this technology and, more generally, about human–robot interaction. However, usually philosophical papers on the ethics of human–robot-interaction do not take into account stakeholders’ views; yet it is important to involve stakeholders in order to render the research responsive to concerns within the autism and autism therapy community. To support responsible research and innovation in this field, this paper identifies a (...)
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  45.  37
    Belief in God: A Game-Theoretic Paradox. [REVIEW]Steven J. Brams - 1982 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (3):121 - 129.
    The Belief Game is a two-person, nonzero-sum game in which both players can do well [e.g., at (3, 4)] or badly [e.g., at (1,1)] simultaneously. The problem that occurs in the play of this game is that its rational outcome of (2, 3) is not only unappealing to both players, especially God, but also, paradoxically, there is an outcome, (3, 4), preferred by both players that is unattainable. Moreover, because God has a dominant strategy, His omniscience does not remedy the (...)
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  46. Frederico De Romanis, The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus, Oxford (Oxford University Press) 2020; 51 s/W Abb., 416 S., ISBN 978-0-19-884234-7 (Geb.), £ 85,–The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus. [REVIEW]Bram Fauconnier - 2021 - Klio 103 (1):332-335.
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  47. Dualism and Exclusion.Bram Vaassen - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (3):543-552.
    Many philosophers argue that exclusion arguments cannot exclude non-reductionist physicalist mental properties from being causes without excluding properties that are patently causal as well. List and Stoljar (2017) recently argued that a similar response to exclusion arguments is also available to dualists, thereby challenging the predominant view that exclusion arguments undermine dualist theories of mind. In particular, List and Stoljar maintain that exclusion arguments against dualism require a premise that states that, if a property is metaphysically distinct from the sufficient (...)
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  48.  21
    Omniscience and Omnipotence: How They May Help - or Hurt - in a Game.Steven J. Brams - 1982 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):217 – 231.
    The concepts of omniscience and omnipotence are defined in 2 ? 2 ordinal games, and implications for the optimal play of these games, when one player is omniscient or omnipotent and the other player is aware of his omniscience or omnipotence, are derived. Intuitively, omniscience allows a player to predict the strategy choice of an opponent in advance of play, and omnipotence allows a player, after initial strategy choices are made, to continue to move after the other player is forced (...)
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  49.  44
    Deleuze Modernist.Bram Ieven - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (1):84-96.
    This article discusses the distinction between Figure and Form that Deleuze introduces in Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation. He uses the distinction to articulate the difference between two trajectories in modernist painting: the first focusing on sensation, the second on cerebral abstraction. I argue that the distinction between Form and Figure –– and the disjunction of two types of modernist painting initiated by this distinction –– is not as easy to maintain as might appear at first sight. Mapping the (...)
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  50.  12
    Elephant.Bram Ieven - 2009 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (4):42-43.
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