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Brandon Look [36]Brandon C. Look [27]Brandon Charles Look [1]
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Brandon Look
University of Kentucky
  1. Grounding the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibnizian Rationalism Versus the Humean Challenge.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - In Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin Smith (eds.), The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Revolution. Springer. pp. 201--219.
    This essay examines arguments offered in support of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) by Leibniz and his followers as well as Hume's critique of the PSR. It is shown that Leibniz has a defensible argument for the PSR, whereas the arguments of his self-proclaimed followers are weak. Thus, Hume's challenge is met by Leibniz, by Wolff and Baumgarten not so much.
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  2. Descartes on Causation – Tad Schmaltz.Brandon C. Look - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):418-420.
  3. On Monadic Domination in Leibniz’s Metaphysics.Brandon Look - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3):379 – 399.
    I shall proceed in the following way. In parts II and III of this paper, I shall discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the interpretation put forward by Robert Merrihew Adams in his recent book, and I shall expand upon this account, discussing a crucial but hitherto unexamined aspect of the relation between dominant and subordinate monads, reconstructed from Leibniz's letters to Des Bosses and his essays of 1714, _Principles of Nature and Grace and Monadology. In part IV of this (...)
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  4. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.Brandon C. Look - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was one of the great thinkers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and is known as the last “universal genius”. He made deep and important contributions to the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, logic, philosophy of religion, as well as mathematics, physics, geology, jurisprudence, and history. Even the eighteenth century French atheist and materialist Denis Diderot, whose views could not have stood in greater opposition to those of Leibniz, could not help being awed by his achievement, writing (...)
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  5.  90
    The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science.Brandon C. Look - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (3):666-668.
  6. Leibniz and the Substance of the Vinculum Substantiale.Brandon Look - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2):203-220.
    This paper analyzes Leibniz's notorious 'vinculum substantiale', or 'substantial bond', as it appears in his correspondence with the Jesuit philosopher and theologian, Bartholomew Des Bosses. It is shown that, while Leibniz employs the vinculum to address a problem relating to the unity of corporeal substance, it ultimately violates other key principles in his philosophy.
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  7.  12
    Leibniz and Kant.Brandon C. Look (ed.) - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    Leibniz and Kant were the most important figures in German philosophy from the late 17th to the early 19th century. This volume examines the relationships between their philosophies, illuminating fundamental questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophical theology, and assessing Kant's understanding of his philosophical predecessor.
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  8. Blumenbach and Kant on Mechanism and Teleology in Nature: The Case of the Formative Drive.Brandon C. Look - 2006 - In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  9. Leibniz's Modal Metaphysics.Brandon C. Look - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In the main article on Leibniz, it was claimed that Leibniz's philosophy can be seen as a reaction to the Cartesian theory of corporeal substance and the necessitarianism of Spinoza and Hobbes. This entry will address this second aspect of his philosophy. In the course of his writings, Leibniz developed an approach to questions of modality—necessity, possibility, contingency—that not only served an important function within his general metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophical theology but also has continuing interest today. Indeed, it has..
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  10. Perfection, Power and the Passions in Spinoza and Leibniz.Brandon C. Look - 2007 - Revue Roumaine de la Philosophie 51 (1-2):21-38.
    In a short piece written most likely in the 1690s and given the title by Loemker of “On Wisdom,” Leibniz says the following: “...we see that happiness, pleasure, love, perfection, being, power, freedom, harmony, order, and beauty are all tied to each other, a truth which is rightly perceived by few.”1 Why is this? That is, why or how are these concepts tied to each other? And, why have so few understood this relation? Historians of philosophy are familiar with the (...)
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  11.  80
    Idealism and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Brandon Look - 2013 - In Stewart Duncan & Antonia LoLordo (eds.), Debates in Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses. Routledge. pp. 132.
  12. Leibniz’s Metaphysics and Metametaphysics: Idealism, Realism, and the Nature of Substance.Brandon C. Look - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (11):871-879.
    According to the standard view of his metaphysics, Leibniz endorses idealism: the thesis that the world is made up solely of minds or monads and their perceptual and appetitive states. Recently,this view has been challenged by some scholars, who argue that Leibniz can be seen as admitting corporeal substances, that is, animals or embodied souls, into his ontology, and that, therefore, it is false to attribute a strict idealism to him. Subtler accounts suggest that Leibniz begins his philosophical career as (...)
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  13. Continuum Companion to Leibniz.Brandon Look (ed.) - 2011 - Continuum.
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  14. Leibniz.Brandon C. Look - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:119-121.
  15. Leibniz, Kant and Frege on the Existence Predicate.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - In H. Breger, J. Herbst & S. Erdner (eds.), Natur und Subjekt: Akten des IX. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. Hartmann.
    In this paper, the author examines Leibniz inconsistent treatments of the existence predicate in his formulations of the ontological argument and elsewhere. It is shown that, contrary to expectations, Leibniz at times adumbrates insights often attributed to Kant and Frege.
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  16. “Becoming Who One is” in Spinoza and Nietzsche.Brandon Look - 2001 - Iyyun 50:327-38.
    The connection between Spinoza and Nietzsche has often been remarked upon in the literature on the two thinkers.1 Not surprisingly, Nietzsche himself first noticed the similarity between his (earlier) thought and the thought of Spinoza, remarking to Overbeck in an oft-quoted postcard, “I have a precursor, and what a precursor!” He goes on to say, “Not only is his over-all tendency like mine – making knowledge the most powerful affect – but in five main points of his doctrine I recognize (...)
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  17.  88
    The Platonic Leibniz.Brandon Look - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (1):129 – 140.
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  18.  17
    Leibniz and the Shelf of Essence.Brandon C. Look - 2005 - The Leibniz Review 15:27-47.
    This paper addresses D. C. Williams’s question, “How can Leibniz know that he is a member of the actual world and not merely a possible monad on the shelf of essence?” A variety of answers are considered. Ultimately, it is argued that no particular perception of a state of affairs in the world can warrant knowledge of one’s actuality, nor can the awareness of any property within oneself; rather, it is the nature of experience itself, with the flow of perceptions, (...)
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  19.  5
    Kant and the Demands of Self-Consciousness. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):446-446.
    In this book, Pierre Keller addresses some of the most difficult issues in Kant scholarship and provides us with an interesting and new interpretation of Kant’s doctrine of self-consciousness and its relation to the Critical project. In the process of doing so, he skillfully steers between the now treacherous reefs of rival interpretations of Kant. Just as the Critique of Pure Reason is difficult because Kant has so many opponents on so many different issues, so Keller’s book is difficult and (...)
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  20.  86
    Review: Westphal, Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism.Brandon C. Look - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
    Brandon Look - Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 665-666 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Brandon C. Look University of Kentucky Kenneth R. Westphal. Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. x + 299. Cloth, $80.00. Westphal's book is a rich and exciting contribution to the field of Kant studies. Its claims run counter to much contemporary discussion of (...)
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  21.  98
    Ariew, Roger. Descartes and the Last Scholastics.Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):128-129.
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  22. Between Two Worlds: A Reading of Descartes's Meditations (Review).Brandon C. Look - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 104-105.
    In his Between Two Worlds: A Reading of Descartes’s Meditations, John Carriero presents a sustained and sensitive interpretation of this seminal work of modern philosophy. The two worlds of the title are the worlds of Scholastic philosophy on the one side, and of the mechanical philosophy on the other, and it is Carriero’s argument that the Meditations are most helpfully understood against the background of Thomistic Scholasticism. In particular, Carriero shows that there is a deep difference between St. Thomas and (...)
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  23.  98
    Cover, J. A., and John O'Leary-Hawthorne. Substance and Individuation in Leibniz.Brandon Look - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):849-850.
  24.  5
    Cartesian Questions: Method and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):160-161.
    In the last twenty-five years, Jean-Luc Marion has established himself as the preeminent interpreter of the philosophy of Descartes as well as one of the most interesting philosophers working in the phenomenological tradition. His earlier books, Sur l’ontologie grise de Descartes, Sur la théologie blanche de Descartes, and Sur le prisme métaphysique de Descartes, are all subtle and provocative examinations of Descartes’s philosophy, informed by an unparalleled knowledge of the history of ancient, medieval, and modern philosophy.
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  25.  7
    Descartes and the Last Scholastics. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):128-129.
    Roger Ariew begins this book with the following sensible claim: “A philosophical system cannot be studied adequately apart from the intellectual context in which it is situated”. His book, naturally enough, attempts to demonstrate the way in which Descartes responded to and affected the philosophical world of late Scholasticism. The ten chapters themselves are all previously, or soon to be, published essays, unified by the view that our knowledge of late Scholasticism is deeply imperfect and that our resulting picture of (...)
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  26.  81
    Descartes' Konzeption des Systems der Philosophie (review).Brandon Look - 2001 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (3):440-442.
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  27. Existence, Essence, Et Expression: Leibniz Sur 'Toutes les Absurdités du Dieu de Spinoza'.Brandon C. Look - forthcoming - In Pierre-Francois Moreau & Mogens Laerke (eds.), Spinoza et Leibniz.
    That Leibniz finds the philosophy of Spinoza horrifyingly wrong is obvious to anyone who reads Leibniz’s work; that Leibniz finds Spinozism so seductive that his own system is in danger of collapsing into it is less obvious but, I believe, equally true. The difference here is not so much between an exoteric and an esoteric philosophy suggested by Russell2 but between a thorough-going rationalism on the part of Spinoza and Leibniz’s “mitigated rationalism” – mitigated by the exigencies of his orthodox (...)
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  28.  95
    From the Metaphysical Union of Mind and Body to the Real Union of Monads: Leibniz on Supposita and Vincula Substantialia.Brandon Look - 1998 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):505-529.
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  29.  13
    Hylozoism and Dogmatism in Kant, Leibniz and Newton.Brandon Look - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 590-596.
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  30.  86
    Individuation Und Einzelnsein: Nietzsche, Aristoteles.Brandon Look - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):121.
  31. Kant: A Biography. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):865-866.
    Philosophers are often thought to be aloof, unworldly, and perhaps even boring people, who, at least from the time of Aristophanes’ characterization of Socrates, have been frequently represented as having their heads or their whole beings in the clouds. Add to these qualities, the dryness that appears in many of Immanuel Kant’s works and the primness and propriety associated with Prussia, and one gets a picture of Immanuel Kant that is not very appealing and certainly not one that would make (...)
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  32.  88
    Kuehn, Manfred. Kant: A Biography.Brandon Look - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):865-866.
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  33.  90
    Kant on Representation and Objectivity.Brandon C. Look - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (2):415-416.
    Contrary to most interpretations of the transcendental deduction that take it to depend upon the ideas of personal identity, the “ownership” of mental states, or the ontological unity of the mind, the author argues that Kant’s principal concern is to show how the objective reality of a complex representation is consistent with the spontaneity of the mind. The short answer to this question is that objective reality is consistent with spontaneity precisely because the categories are universal and necessary. Ultimately, as (...)
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  34.  97
    Keller, Pierre. Kant and the Demands of Self-Consciousness.Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):446-447.
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  35.  71
    Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism (Review).Brandon C. Look - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
    Brandon Look - Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 665-666 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Brandon C. Look University of Kentucky Kenneth R. Westphal. Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. x + 299. Cloth, $80.00. Westphal's book is a rich and exciting contribution to the field of Kant studies. Its claims run counter to much contemporary discussion of (...)
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  36.  4
    Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
    Brandon Look - Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 665-666 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Brandon C. Look University of Kentucky Kenneth R. Westphal. Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. x + 299. Cloth, $80.00. Westphal's book is a rich and exciting contribution to the field of Kant studies. Its claims run counter to much contemporary discussion of (...)
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  37.  55
    Leibniz and Adam.Brandon Look - 1995 - The Leibniz Review 5:29-32.
    The book under review contains a selection of the papers presented at the conference “Leibniz and Adam,” held in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem from December 29, 1991 to January 2, 1992. The object of the conference and the book was to consider the role of Adam, the first man, in Leibniz’s thought and, in doing so, “to provide an unusual view of the interrelations between his metaphysics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of language, theory of knowledge, logic, attidude vis-à-vis mysticism, philosophy (...)
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  38. Leibniz and Adam. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 1995 - The Leibniz Review 5:29-32.
    The book under review contains a selection of the papers presented at the conference “Leibniz and Adam,” held in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem from December 29, 1991 to January 2, 1992. The object of the conference and the book was to consider the role of Adam, the first man, in Leibniz’s thought and, in doing so, “to provide an unusual view of the interrelations between his metaphysics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of language, theory of knowledge, logic, attidude vis-à-vis mysticism, philosophy (...)
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  39.  6
    Leibniz and Clarke: A Study of Their Correspondence. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):176-176.
    It is common in the history of philosophy to view the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence as essentially a debate between Leibniz and Newton. According to this view, Clarke was merely Newton’s mouthpiece, or perhaps his amanuensis taking dictation from the “incomparable Mr. Newton” as Newton sought to demolish the philosophical views of his archenemy, Leibniz. In his new book, however, Ezio Vailati argues that we abandon this simplified view, first, because there is little historical evidence proving Newton’s role in the correspondence, and (...)
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  40. Leibniz and Locke on Natural Kinds.Brandon C. Look - 2009 - In Vlad Alexandrescu (ed.), Branching Off: The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge. Zeta Books.
    One of the more interesting topics debated by Leibniz and Locke and one that has received comparatively little critical commentary is the nature of essences and the classification of the natural world.1 This topic, moreover, is of tremendous importance, occupying a position at the intersection of the metaphysics of individual beings, modality, epistemology, and philosophy of language. And, while it goes back to Plato, who wondered if we could cut nature at its joints, as Nicholas Jolley has pointed out, the (...)
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  41. Leibniz and the Shelf of Essence.Brandon C. Look - 2005 - The Leibniz Review 15:27-47.
    This paper addresses D. C. Williams’s question, “How can Leibniz know that he is a member of the actual world and not merely a possible monad on the shelf of essence?” A variety of answers are considered. Ultimately, it is argued that no particular perception of a state of affairs in the world can warrant knowledge of one’s actuality, nor can the awareness of any property within oneself; rather, it is the nature of experience itself, with the flow of perceptions, (...)
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  42.  72
    Leibniz: Metaphilosophy and Metaphysics, 1666-1686. [REVIEW]Brandon C. Look - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 15:119-121.
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  43.  7
    Leibniz: Metaphilosophy and Metaphysics, 1666-1686. [REVIEW]Brandon C. Look - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:119-121.
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  44. Marks and Traces: Leibnizian Scholarship Past, Present, and Future.Brandon Look - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (1):123-146.
  45.  79
    Matter, Inertia, and the Contingency of Laws of Nature in Leibniz and Kant – Some Points of Comparison.Brandon C. Look - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 147-158.
  46.  62
    Monaden im Diskurs. Monas, Monaden, Monadologien by Hanns-Peter Neumann.Brandon C. Look - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (3):550-551.
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  47.  85
    Marion, Jean-Luc. Cartesian Questions: Method and Metaphysics.Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):160-161.
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  48. On an Unpublished Manuscript of Leibniz *: New Light on the Vinculum Substantiale and the Correspondence with Des Bosses.Brandon Look - 1998 - The Leibniz Review 8:69-79.
    Notiones sunt Entium, aut Respectuum. Entia sunt Res aut Modi. Res sunt substantiae aut phaenomenae. Substantiae sunt vel simplices vel compositae. Substantia simplex est Monas; Monas autem est vel primitiva Deus, a quo omnia; vel derivativa. Et ha[e]c vel perceptiva tantum, vel etiam sensitiva; et haec vel sensitiva tantum vel etiam intellectiva quae et spiritus appellatur. Rursus Monas vel est Anima corporis vel est separata; haec vel creata (ut plerique volunt etsi ego an creata sint monades corporis complures dubito) vel (...)
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  49. On an Unpublished Manuscript of Leibniz *: New Light on the Vinculum Substantiale and the Correspondence with Des Bosses.Brandon Look - 1998 - The Leibniz Review 8:69-79.
  50. Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):399-400.
    Brandon Look - Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.3 399-400 Book Review Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750 Jonathan I. Israel. Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pp. xx + 810. Cloth, $45.00. Jonathan Israel's goal in this excellent book is to show that we cannot fully understand the high Enlightenment—the age (...)
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