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Brandon Look [39]Brandon C. Look [26]Brandon Charles Look [1]
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Brandon Look
University of Kentucky
  1.  40
    Leibniz and Kant.Brandon C. Look (ed.) - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Leibniz and Kant were the most important figures in German philosophy from the late 17th to the early 19th century. This volume examines the relationships between their philosophies, illuminating fundamental questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophical theology, and assessing Kant's understanding of his philosophical predecessor.
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  2. Grounding the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibnizian Rationalism versus the Humean Challenge.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - In Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin Smith (eds.), The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Revolution. Springer. pp. 201--219.
    This essay examines arguments offered in support of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) by Leibniz and his followers as well as Hume's critique of the PSR. It is shown that Leibniz has a defensible argument for the PSR, whereas the arguments of his self-proclaimed followers are weak. Thus, Hume's challenge is met by Leibniz, by Wolff and Baumgarten not so much.
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  3. Descartes on Causation – Tad Schmaltz.Brandon C. Look - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):418-420.
  4. On monadic domination in Leibniz’s metaphysics.Brandon Look - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3):379 – 399.
    I shall proceed in the following way. In parts II and III of this paper, I shall discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the interpretation put forward by Robert Merrihew Adams in his recent book, and I shall expand upon this account, discussing a crucial but hitherto unexamined aspect of the relation between dominant and subordinate monads, reconstructed from Leibniz's letters to Des Bosses and his essays of 1714, _Principles of Nature and Grace and Monadology. In part IV of this (...)
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  5. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.Brandon C. Look - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was one of the great thinkers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and is known as the last “universal genius”. He made deep and important contributions to the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, logic, philosophy of religion, as well as mathematics, physics, geology, jurisprudence, and history. Even the eighteenth century French atheist and materialist Denis Diderot, whose views could not have stood in greater opposition to those of Leibniz, could not help being awed by his achievement, writing (...)
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  6. Leibniz and the Substance of the Vinculum Substantiale.Brandon Look - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2):203-220.
    This paper analyzes Leibniz's notorious 'vinculum substantiale', or 'substantial bond', as it appears in his correspondence with the Jesuit philosopher and theologian, Bartholomew Des Bosses. It is shown that, while Leibniz employs the vinculum to address a problem relating to the unity of corporeal substance, it ultimately violates other key principles in his philosophy.
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  7. Blumenbach and Kant on Mechanism and Teleology in Nature: The Case of the Formative Drive.Brandon C. Look - 2006 - In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  8. Leibniz.Brandon C. Look - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:119-121.
  9. Leibniz’s Metaphysics: the Path to the Monadology.Brandon Look - 2011 - In Continuum Companion to Leibniz. New York: Continuum. pp. 89-109.
  10.  9
    The Leibniz-des Bosses Correspondence.Brandon Look & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2007 - Yale University Press.
    This volume is a critical edition of the ten-year correspondence between Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, one of Europe’s most influential early modern thinkers, and Bartholomew Des Bosses, a Jesuit theologian who was keen to bring together Leibniz’s philosophy and the Aristotelian philosophy and religious doctrines accepted by his order. The letters offer crucial insights into Leibniz’s final metaphysics and into the intellectual life of the eighteenth century. Brandon C. Look and Donald Rutherford present seventy-one of Leibniz’s and Des Bosses’s letters in (...)
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  11. Leibniz's modal metaphysics.Brandon C. Look - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In the main article on Leibniz, it was claimed that Leibniz's philosophy can be seen as a reaction to the Cartesian theory of corporeal substance and the necessitarianism of Spinoza and Hobbes. This entry will address this second aspect of his philosophy. In the course of his writings, Leibniz developed an approach to questions of modality—necessity, possibility, contingency—that not only served an important function within his general metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophical theology but also has continuing interest today. Indeed, it has..
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  12. Existence, Essence, et Expression: Leibniz sur 'toutes les absurdités du Dieu de Spinoza'.Brandon C. Look - 2014 - In Pierre-Francois Moreau, Mogens Laerke & Raphaële Andrault (eds.), Spinoza et Leibniz: Rencontres, controverse, réceptions. Paris: Presses de l'Université Paris-Sorbonne. pp. 57-82.
    That Leibniz finds the philosophy of Spinoza horrifyingly wrong is obvious to anyone who reads Leibniz’s work; that Leibniz finds Spinozism so seductive that his own system is in danger of collapsing into it is less obvious but, I believe, equally true. The difference here is not so much between an exoteric and an esoteric philosophy suggested by Russell2 but between a thorough-going rationalism on the part of Spinoza and Leibniz’s “mitigated rationalism” – mitigated by the exigencies of his orthodox (...)
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  13. Perfection, power and the passions in Spinoza and Leibniz.Brandon C. Look - 2007 - Revue Roumaine de la Philosophie 51 (1-2):21-38.
    In a short piece written most likely in the 1690s and given the title by Loemker of “On Wisdom,” Leibniz says the following: “...we see that happiness, pleasure, love, perfection, being, power, freedom, harmony, order, and beauty are all tied to each other, a truth which is rightly perceived by few.”1 Why is this? That is, why or how are these concepts tied to each other? And, why have so few understood this relation? Historians of philosophy are familiar with the (...)
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  14. Some remarks on the ontological arguments of Leibniz and Gödel.Brandon C. Look - 2006 - In Herbert Breger (ed.), Einheit in der Vielheit: Akten des VIII. Leibniz Kongresses. Hartmann. pp. 510-517.
    Beschäftigung mit der Philosophie, selbst wenn keine positiven Ergebnisse herauskommen (sondern ich ratlos bleibe), ist auf jeden Fall wohltätig. Es hat die Wirkung (dass „die Farbe heller“), d.h., dass die Realität deutlicher als solche erscheint. – Kurt Gödel..
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  15.  30
    Leibniz and the Shelf of Essence.Brandon C. Look - 2005 - The Leibniz Review 15:27-47.
    This paper addresses D. C. Williams’s question, “How can Leibniz know that he is a member of the actual world and not merely a possible monad on the shelf of essence?” A variety of answers are considered. Ultimately, it is argued that no particular perception of a state of affairs in the world can warrant knowledge of one’s actuality, nor can the awareness of any property within oneself; rather, it is the nature of experience itself, with the flow of perceptions, (...)
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  16. Kant’s Thinker.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):502-503.
    Kant’s Thinker is an excellent and important addition to the literature. In it, Patricia Kitcher aims at arriving at a comprehensive understanding of Kant’s theory of the cognitive subject. To this end, she analyzes a central component of the most notoriously difficult part of the Critique of Pure Reason, the theory of the unity of apperception in the chapter on the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. In Kitcher’s view, the ultimate payoff of such a study is that Kant’s theory can (...)
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  17. Leibniz and the Shelf of Essence.Brandon C. Look - 2005 - The Leibniz Review 15:27-47.
    This paper addresses D. C. Williams’s question, “How can Leibniz know that he is a member of the actual world and not merely a possible monad on the shelf of essence?” A variety of answers are considered. Ultimately, it is argued that no particular perception of a state of affairs in the world can warrant knowledge of one’s actuality, nor can the awareness of any property within oneself; rather, it is the nature of experience itself, with the flow of perceptions, (...)
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  18. On an Unpublished Manuscript of Leibniz *: New Light on the Vinculum Substantiale and the Correspondence with Des Bosses.Brandon Look - 1998 - The Leibniz Review 8:69-79.
  19.  94
    Idealism and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Brandon Look - 2013 - In Stewart Duncan & Antonia LoLordo (eds.), Debates in Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses. Routledge. pp. 132.
  20. “Becoming who one is” in Spinoza and Nietzsche.Brandon Look - 2001 - Iyyun 50:327-38.
    The connection between Spinoza and Nietzsche has often been remarked upon in the literature on the two thinkers.1 Not surprisingly, Nietzsche himself first noticed the similarity between his (earlier) thought and the thought of Spinoza, remarking to Overbeck in an oft-quoted postcard, “I have a precursor, and what a precursor!” He goes on to say, “Not only is his over-all tendency like mine – making knowledge the most powerful affect – but in five main points of his doctrine I recognize (...)
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  21. Leibniz’s Metaphysics and Metametaphysics: Idealism, Realism, and the Nature of Substance.Brandon C. Look - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (11):871-879.
    According to the standard view of his metaphysics, Leibniz endorses idealism: the thesis that the world is made up solely of minds or monads and their perceptual and appetitive states. Recently,this view has been challenged by some scholars, who argue that Leibniz can be seen as admitting corporeal substances, that is, animals or embodied souls, into his ontology, and that, therefore, it is false to attribute a strict idealism to him. Subtler accounts suggest that Leibniz begins his philosophical career as (...)
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  22. From the Metaphysical Union of Mind and Body to the Real Union of Monads: Leibniz on Supposita and Vincula Substantialia.Brandon Look - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):505-529.
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  23.  95
    Individuation und Einzelnsein: Nietzsche, Leibniz, Aristoteles (review).Brandon Look - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):121-122.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Individuation und Einzelnsein: Nietzsche, Leibniz, AristotelesBrandon C. LookPaola-Ludovika Coriando. Individuation und Einzelnsein: Nietzsche, Leibniz, Aristoteles. Frankfurt: Klostermann, 2003. Pp. ix. + 318. €28,00.What is a singular thing? Is there a first or last principle that allows us to call something an individual or one? What is the relation between the particular and the universal? Does the being of a particular mean the separation from the universal, or, on (...)
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  24. On an Unpublished Manuscript of Leibniz *: New Light on the Vinculum Substantiale and the Correspondence with Des Bosses.Brandon Look - 1998 - The Leibniz Review 8:69-79.
    Notiones sunt Entium, aut Respectuum. Entia sunt Res aut Modi. Res sunt substantiae aut phaenomenae. Substantiae sunt vel simplices vel compositae. Substantia simplex est Monas; Monas autem est vel primitiva Deus, a quo omnia; vel derivativa. Et ha[e]c vel perceptiva tantum, vel etiam sensitiva; et haec vel sensitiva tantum vel etiam intellectiva quae et spiritus appellatur. Rursus Monas vel est Anima corporis vel est separata; haec vel creata (ut plerique volunt etsi ego an creata sint monades corporis complures dubito) vel (...)
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  25. Leibniz and Locke on natural kinds.Brandon C. Look - 2009 - In Vlad Alexandrescu (ed.), Branching Off: The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge. Zeta Books.
    One of the more interesting topics debated by Leibniz and Locke and one that has received comparatively little critical commentary is the nature of essences and the classification of the natural world.1 This topic, moreover, is of tremendous importance, occupying a position at the intersection of the metaphysics of individual beings, modality, epistemology, and philosophy of language. And, while it goes back to Plato, who wondered if we could cut nature at its joints, as Nicholas Jolley has pointed out, the (...)
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  26.  95
    Review: Westphal, Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism.Brandon Look - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
    Brandon Look - Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 665-666 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Brandon C. Look University of Kentucky Kenneth R. Westphal. Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. x + 299. Cloth, $80.00. Westphal's book is a rich and exciting contribution to the field of Kant studies. Its claims run counter to much contemporary discussion of (...)
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  27. Between Two Worlds: A Reading of Descartes’s Meditations.Brandon C. Look - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 104-105.
    In his Between Two Worlds: A Reading of Descartes’s Meditations, John Carriero presents a sustained and sensitive interpretation of this seminal work of modern philosophy. The two worlds of the title are the worlds of Scholastic philosophy on the one side, and of the mechanical philosophy on the other, and it is Carriero’s argument that the Meditations are most helpfully understood against the background of Thomistic Scholasticism. In particular, Carriero shows that there is a deep difference between St. Thomas and (...)
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  28.  8
    Continuum Companion to Leibniz.Brandon Look (ed.) - 2011 - New York: Continuum.
    With entries written by leading scholars in the field of Modern Philosophy, this Companion is an accessible and authoritative reference guide to Leibniz's life, work and legacy. The book includes extended biographical sketches, and an up-to-date fully comprehensive bibliography. Gathering all these resources in one place, the book is an extremely valuable tool for those interested in Leibniz and the era in which he wrote"--Back cover.
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  29.  86
    Descartes' Konzeption des Systems der Philosophie (review).Brandon Look - 2001 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (3):440-442.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 39.3 (2001) 440-442 [Access article in PDF] Reinhard Lauth. Descartes ' Konzeption des Systems der Philosophie. Stuttgart (Bad Cannstatt): Frommann-Holzboog, 1998. Pp. x + 227 pp. Cloth, DM 64.00. Reinhard Lauth's Descartes ' Konzeption des Systems der Philosophie is an interesting addition to the literature on Descartes. Written by a renowned scholar of German Idealism, it does not represent an attempt to respond (...)
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  30.  21
    Hylozoism and Dogmatism in Kant, Leibniz and Newton.Brandon Look - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. New York: De Gruyter. pp. 590-596.
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  31.  80
    Kant's Transcendental Proof of Realism (review).Brandon Look - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):665-666.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Kant’s Transcendental Proof of RealismBrandon C. LookKenneth R. Westphal. Kant’s Transcendental Proof of Realism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. x + 299. Cloth, $80.00.Westphal's book is a rich and exciting contribution to the field of Kant studies. Its claims run counter to much contemporary discussion of Kant's theoretical philosophy and indeed challenge some of Kant's fundamental doctrines, but the arguments are very compelling and therefore likely (...)
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  32.  62
    Leibniz and Adam.Brandon Look - 1995 - The Leibniz Review 5:29-32.
    The book under review contains a selection of the papers presented at the conference “Leibniz and Adam,” held in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem from December 29, 1991 to January 2, 1992. The object of the conference and the book was to consider the role of Adam, the first man, in Leibniz’s thought and, in doing so, “to provide an unusual view of the interrelations between his metaphysics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of language, theory of knowledge, logic, attidude vis-à-vis mysticism, philosophy (...)
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  33. Leibniz, Kant and Frege on the Existence Predicate.Brandon C. Look - 2011 - In H. Breger, J. Herbst & S. Erdner (eds.), Natur und Subjekt: Akten des IX. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. Hartmann.
    In this paper, the author examines Leibniz inconsistent treatments of the existence predicate in his formulations of the ontological argument and elsewhere. It is shown that, contrary to expectations, Leibniz at times adumbrates insights often attributed to Kant and Frege.
     
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  34. Marks and traces: Leibnizian scholarship past, present, and future.Brandon Look - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (1):123-146.
  35.  93
    Matter, Inertia, and the Contingency of Laws of Nature in Leibniz and Kant – Some Points of Comparison.Brandon C. Look - 2013 - In Stefano Bacin, Alfredo Ferrarin, Claudio La Rocca & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Akten des XI. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Boston: de Gruyter. pp. 147-158.
  36.  70
    Monaden im Diskurs. Monas, Monaden, Monadologien (1600 bis 1770) by Hanns-Peter Neumann.Brandon C. Look - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (3):550-551.
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  37.  9
    Simplicity of Substance in Leibniz, Wolff and Baumgarten.Brandon C. Look - 2013 - Studia Leibnitiana 45 (2):191-208.
  38.  74
    The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz.Brandon Look - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1):142-144.
  39. The Oxford Handbook of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophy.Frederick Beiser, Corey W. Dyck & Brandon Look (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
  40.  93
    The platonic Leibniz.Brandon Look - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (1):129 – 140.
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  41.  8
    Unity and Reality in Leibniz’s Correspondence with Des Bosses.Brandon Look - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 11:95-101.
    Leibniz's correspondence with Des Bosses presents students of his thought with a problem. It contains some of Leibniz's longest and most detailed discussions of the nature of substance while at the same time introducing two concepts into Leibniz's metaphysics that continually baffle commentators: scientia visionis and the vinculum substantiale. The aim of this paper is to explicate the relationship between scientia visionis, or God's knowledge by vision, and the vinculum substantiale, or the substantial bond, and to show how these concepts (...)
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  42.  95
    The Four-Category Ontology. [REVIEW]Brandon C. Look - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (3):666-668.
  43. Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750 (review). [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):399-400.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.3 (2002) 399-400 [Access article in PDF] Book Review Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750 Jonathan I. Israel. Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity, 1650-1750. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Pp. xx + 810. Cloth, $45.00. Jonathan Israel's goal in this excellent book is to show that we cannot fully understand the high Enlightenment—the age of the philosophes (...)
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  44. Leibniz and Adam. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 1995 - The Leibniz Review 5:29-32.
    The book under review contains a selection of the papers presented at the conference “Leibniz and Adam,” held in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem from December 29, 1991 to January 2, 1992. The object of the conference and the book was to consider the role of Adam, the first man, in Leibniz’s thought and, in doing so, “to provide an unusual view of the interrelations between his metaphysics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of language, theory of knowledge, logic, attidude vis-à-vis mysticism, philosophy (...)
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  45. Towards Non‐Being: The Logic and Metaphysics of Intentionality ‐ By Graham Priest. [REVIEW]Brandon C. Look - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (1):83-84.
  46. Ariew, Roger. Descartes and the Last Scholastics. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):128-129.
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  47. Cover, J. A., and John O'Leary-Hawthorne. Substance and Individuation in Leibniz. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):849-850.
  48.  10
    Cartesian Questions: Method and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):160-161.
    In the last twenty-five years, Jean-Luc Marion has established himself as the preeminent interpreter of the philosophy of Descartes as well as one of the most interesting philosophers working in the phenomenological tradition. His earlier books, Sur l’ontologie grise de Descartes, Sur la théologie blanche de Descartes, and Sur le prisme métaphysique de Descartes, are all subtle and provocative examinations of Descartes’s philosophy, informed by an unparalleled knowledge of the history of ancient, medieval, and modern philosophy.
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  49.  10
    Descartes and the Last Scholastics. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):128-129.
    Roger Ariew begins this book with the following sensible claim: “A philosophical system cannot be studied adequately apart from the intellectual context in which it is situated”. His book, naturally enough, attempts to demonstrate the way in which Descartes responded to and affected the philosophical world of late Scholasticism. The ten chapters themselves are all previously, or soon to be, published essays, unified by the view that our knowledge of late Scholasticism is deeply imperfect and that our resulting picture of (...)
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  50. Kant: A Biography. [REVIEW]Brandon Look - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):865-866.
    Philosophers are often thought to be aloof, unworldly, and perhaps even boring people, who, at least from the time of Aristophanes’ characterization of Socrates, have been frequently represented as having their heads or their whole beings in the clouds. Add to these qualities, the dryness that appears in many of Immanuel Kant’s works and the primness and propriety associated with Prussia, and one gets a picture of Immanuel Kant that is not very appealing and certainly not one that would make (...)
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