Results for 'Brenda Davies'

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  1.  18
    International Variation in Ethics Committee Requirements: Comparisons Across Five Westernised Nations. [REVIEW]Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Brenda Lobb, Graham Davies, Israel Nachson & Sheila Seelau - 2002 - BMC Medical Ethics 3 (1):1-8.
    Background Ethics committees typically apply the common principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice to research proposals but with variable weighting and interpretation. This paper reports a comparison of ethical requirements in an international cross-cultural study and discusses their implications. Discussion The study was run concurrently in New Zealand, UK, Israel, Canada and USA and involved testing hypotheses about believability of testimonies regarding alleged child sexual abuse. Ethics committee requirements to conduct this study ranged from nil in Israel to considerable (...)
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  2.  32
    Medieval Hagiography and Post‐Tridentine Hagiology Shaping Robertson Davies's Own Sense of the Marvelous in Fifth Business (1970).Brenda Dunn‐Lardeau - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (3):1153-1163.
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  3.  80
    Improving Our Practice of Sentencing: Brenda M. Baker.Brenda M. Baker - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (1):99-114.
    Restorative justice should have greater weight as a criterion in criminal justice sentencing practice. It permits a realistic recognition of the kinds of harm and damage caused by offences, and encourages individualized non-custodial sentencing options as ways of addressing these harms. Non-custodial sentences have proven more effective than incarceration in securing social reconciliation and preventing recidivism, and they avoid the serious social and personal costs of imprisonment. This paper argues in support of restorative justice as a guiding idea in sentencing. (...)
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  4. Information and the Nature of Reality: From Physics to Metaphysics.P. C. W. Davies & Niels Henrik Gregersen (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction: does information matter?; Paul Davies and Niels Henrik Gregersen; Part I. History: 2. From matter to materialism ... and (almost) back Ernan McMullin; 3. Unsolved dilemmas: the concept of matter in the history of philosophy and in contemporary physics Philip Clayton; Part II. Physics: 4. Universe from bit Paul Davies; 5. The computational universe Seth Lloyd; 6. Minds and values in the quantum universe Henry Pierce Stapp; Part III. Biology: 7. The concept (...)
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  5.  1
    Untangling Fear and Eudaimonia in the Healthcare Provider-Patient Relationship.Brenda Bogaert - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):457-469.
    Ensuring patient participation in healthcare decision making remains a difficult task. Factors such as a lack of time in the consultation, medical objectivation, or the difficulties of translating individual patient experience into the treatment plan have been shown to limit patient contributions. Little research attention has focused however on how emotions experienced by both the patient and the healthcare provider may affect the ability of the patient to participate. In this research, patient’s and healthcare provider’s emotions were identified and analysed. (...)
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  6. Evolution and Implementation: A Study of Values, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Brenda E. Joyner & Dinah Payne - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (4):297 - 311.
    There is growing recognition that good ethics can have a positive economic impact on the performance of firms. Many statistics support the premise that ethics, values, integrity and responsibility are required in the modern workplace. For consumer groups and society at large, research has shown that good ethics is good business. This study defines and traces the emergence and evolution within the business literature of the concepts of values, business ethics and corporate social responsibility to illustrate the increased emphasis that (...)
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  7.  14
    Falling on Deaf Ears: A Qualitative Study on Clinical Ethical Committees in France.Catherine Dekeuwer, Brenda Bogaert, Nadja Eggert, Claire Harpet & Morgane Romero - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):515-529.
    The French medical context is characterized by institutionalization of the ethical reflection in health care facilities and an important disparity between spaces of ethical reflection. In theory, the healthcare professional may mobilise an arsenal of resources to help him in his ethical reflection. But what happens in practice? We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 health-care professionals who did and did not have recourse to clinical ethical committees. We also implemented two focus groups with 18 professionals involved in various spaces of (...)
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  8.  16
    Idealism and Religion in the Philosophy of T.L.S. Sprigge: Brenda Almond.Brenda Almond - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (4):531-549.
    Although T.L.S. Sprigge described idealist philosophy as the stage beyond religion, his pantheistic idealism, while not itself a religion, offers a conception of God that seeks to meet the aspiration of human beings to understand their own place in the universe. While he shared with most mid twentieth century British philosophers a basic assumption of the primacy of experience, Sprigge took this strong empiricist assumption in a Berkeleyian rather than a Humean direction. This enabled him to find a place for (...)
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  9.  25
    Two Conceptions of Welfare: Voluntarism and Incorporationism: Stephen Davies.Stephen Davies - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (2):39-68.
    The history of the welfare state is not only or even primarily a story of men and measures but also one of concepts and social ideals. Over the last hundred and twenty years or so, the body of policies, rules, and practices which we collectively term the welfare state has become the most prominent feature of politics and state activity in every developed country. This reflects not only institutional and procedural pressures on the political process during this period, but also (...)
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  10.  36
    Margaret Davies and Ngaire Naffine. Are Persons Property? Legal Debates About Property and Personality [Book Symposium.].Margaret Davies, Ngaire Naffine, Anthony J. Connolly, Margaret Thornton, Rosalind F. Atherton & Peter Drahos - 2003 - Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 28 (2003):189.
  11. The Davies Report the "Great Battle" in Swansea.Michael Davies - 1994
     
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  12.  13
    A Theory of the Good and the Right.Brenda Cohen - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):271-273.
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  13. The Fragmenting Family.Brenda Almond - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Brenda Almond throws down a timely challenge to liberal consensus about personal relationships. She maintains that the traditional family is fragmenting in Western societies, causing serious social problems. She urges that we reconsider our attitudes to sex and reproduction in order to strengthen our most important social institution, the family.
     
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  14. The Implications of a Cosmological Information Bound for Complexity, Quantum Information and the Nature of Physical Law.Paul Davies - unknown
    The finite age of the universe and the existence of cosmological horizons provides a strong argument that the observable universe represents a finite causal region with finite material and informational resources. A similar conclusion follows from the holographic principle. In this paper I address the question of whether the cosmological information bound has implications for fundamental physics. Orthodox physics is based on Platonism: the laws are treated as infinitely precise, perfect, immutable mathematical relationships that transcend the physical universe and remain (...)
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  15. Why Beliefs Matter: Reflections on the Nature of Science.E. Brian Davies - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This book discusses deep problems about our place in the world with a minimum of jargon. It argues that 'absolutist' ideas dating back to Plato continue to mislead generations of mathematicians, physicists and theologians, and reveals the underlying reasons for the current conflicts between science and religion.
     
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  16.  60
    The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution.Stephen Davies - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Stephen Davies presents a fascinating exploration of the idea that art, and our aesthetic sensibilities more generally, should be understood as an element in human evolution. He asks: Do animals have aesthetics? Do our aesthetic preferences have prehistoric roots? Is art universal? What is the biological role of aesthetic and artistic behaviour?
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  17.  11
    Discreteness and Interactivity in Spoken Word Production.Brenda Rapp & Matthew Goldrick - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (3):460-499.
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  18. The Davies Discussion.Donald Davidson & Martin Davies - 1997 - Philosophy International.
     
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  19.  41
    Art as Performance.Dave Davies - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    In this richly argued and provocative book, David Davies elaborates and defends a broad conceptual framework for thinking about the arts that reveals important continuities and discontinuities between traditional and modern art, and between different artistic disciplines. Elaborates and defends a broad conceptual framework for thinking about the arts. Offers a provocative view about the kinds of things that artworks are and how they are to be understood. Reveals important continuities and discontinuities between traditional and modern art. Highlights core (...)
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  20.  24
    Informed Consent in Paediatric Critical Care Research – a South African Perspective.Brenda M. Morrow, Andrew C. Argent & Sharon Kling - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):62.
    Medical care of critically ill and injured infants and children globally should be based on best research evidence to ensure safe, efficacious treatment. In South Africa and other low and middle-income countries, research is needed to optimise care and ensure rational, equitable allocation of scare paediatric critical care resources.
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  21.  80
    Meaning, Quantification, Necessity: Themes in Philosophical Logic.Martin Davies - 1981 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  22. Two Notions of Necessity.Martin Davies & Lloyd Humberstone - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 38 (1):1-31.
  23.  10
    Symbolic Worlds: Art, Science, Language, Ritual.Stephen Davies & Israel Scheffler - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):430.
    Symbolic Worlds contains fifteen chapters, with all but the first published between 1972 and 1996. The unifying theme concerns aspects of the symbolic function in language, science, art, ritual, and play. The approach is nominalist and heavily influenced by the work of Nelson Goodman.
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  24. Musical Meaning and Expression.Stephen Davies - 1994 - Cornell University Press.
    But what does music mean, and how does it mean?Stephen Davies addresses these questions in this sophisticated and knowledgeable overview of current theories in ...
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  25.  13
    Unconscious Manipulation of Free Choice by Novel Primes.Brenda Ocampo - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 34:4-9.
  26. Folk Psychology: The Theory of Mind Debate.Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
    Many philosophers and psychologists argue that normal adult human beings possess a primitive or 'folk' psychological theory. Recently, however, this theory has come under challenge from the simulation alternative. This alternative view says that human bings are able to predict and explain each others' actions by using the resources of their own minds to simuate the psychological etiology of the actions of others. The thirteen essays in this volume present the foundations of theory of mind debate, and are accompanied by (...)
     
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  27.  17
    Happiness.Brenda Cohen & Elizabeth Telfer - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (125):381.
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  28. Antyredukcyjny naturalizm. Z Peterem Frederickiem Strawsonem rozmawiają Mark Sainsbury i Martin Davies.Martin Davies - 1994 - Filozofia Nauki 2.
    Professor Strawson was interviewed on video on location at King's College, London during the Spring of 1992. Professor Strawson discusses his thoughts on a variety of topics on which he has written previously, providing some illuminating insights into how his thoughts has progressed. The text published here is en excerpt from this interview, translated with kind permission of Mr Rudolf V. Fara, the producer, in which prof. Strawson discusses his philosophical views with Martin Davies, Wilde Reader in Mental Philosophy (...)
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  29. Positioning: The Discursive Production of Selves.Bronwyn Davies & Rom Harré - 1990 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (1):43–63.
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  30. Consciousness: Psychological and Philosophical Essays.Martin Davies & Glyn W. Humphreys (eds.) - 1993 - Blackwell.
  31. Дизайн онлайн-делиберации: Выбор, критерии и эмпирические данные.Todd Davies, Reid Chandler & Anatoly Kulik - 2013 - Политическая Наука 2013 (1):83-132.
    Перевод статьи: Davies T., Chandler R. Online deliberation design: Choices, criteria, and evidence // Democracy in motion: Evaluating the practice and impact of deliberative civic engagement / Nabatchi T., Weiksner M., Gastil J., Leighninger M. (eds.). -- Oxford: Oxford univ. press, 2013. -- P. 103-131. А. Кулик. -/- Вниманию читателей предлагается обзор эмпирических исследований в области дизайна онлайн-форумов, предназначенных для вовлечения граждан в делиберацию. Размерности дизайна определены для различных характеристик делиберации: назначения, целевой аудитории, разобщенности участников в пространстве и во (...)
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  32. Education for Tolerance: Cultural Difference and Family Values.Brenda Almond - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (2):131-143.
    Those who would defend liberal democracy in today?s changing world face a new toleration debate. While we still want to help our children grow up to see the world from other perspectives than their own, we are no longer as sure as we were that we know what toleration means or what it entails. Where education is concerned, it seems the focus is on tolerance as an attitude?encouraging people to be tolerant?but where the public debate is concerned, the focus is (...)
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  33.  20
    Clear . . . Unclear? Accurate . . . Inaccurate? Objective . . . Subjective? Research . . . Practice? Why Polarities Impede the Research, Practice and Design of Information Systems and How Sense‐Making Methodology Attempts to Bridge the Gaps. Part 1. [REVIEW]Brenda L. Dervin - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):994-997.
  34.  51
    The Physics of Time Asymmetry.Paul Davies - 1977 - University of California Press.
    The physics of time asymmetry has never been a single well-defined subject, but more a collection of consistency problems which arise in almost all branches ...
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  35.  55
    Reasonable Partiality in Professional Relationships.Brenda Almond - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):155-168.
    First, two aspects of the partiality issue are identified: (1) Is it right/reasonable for professionals to favour their clients interests over either those of other individuals or those of society in general? (2) Are special non-universalisable obligations attached to certain professional roles?Second, some comments are made on the notions of partiality and reasonableness. On partiality, the assumption that only two positions are possible – a detached universalism or a partialist egoism – is challenged and it is suggested that partiality, e.g. (...)
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  36. Monothematic Delusions: Towards a Two-Factor Account.Martin Davies, Max Coltheart, Robyn Langdon & N. Breen - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (2-3):133-58.
    We provide a battery of examples of delusions against which theoretical accounts can be tested. Then, we identify neuropsychological anomalies that could produce the unusual experiences that may lead, in turn, to the delusions in our battery. However, we argue against Maher’s view that delusions are false beliefs that arise as normal responses to anomalous experiences. We propose, instead, that a second factor is required to account for the transition from unusual experience to delusional belief. The second factor in the (...)
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  37.  44
    Authenticity and the Politics of Identity: A Critique of Charles Taylor's Politics of Recognition.Brenda Lyshaug - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (3):300-320.
    This essay evaluates Charles Taylor's defence of a politics of recognition in light of his broader account of modern identity and the self. I argue that his call for a politics of recognition betrays what is most ethically promising in his own account of modern subjectivity – namely, its emphasis on and affirmation of inner multiplicity. The first part of the paper identifies the ways in which his account of the self affirms inner multiplicity. The second part of the paper (...)
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  38.  25
    Ethical Moments in Practice: The Nursing 'How Are You?' Revisited.Brenda L. Cameron - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (1):53-62.
    In seeking for an understanding of ethical practices in health care situations, our challenge is always both to recognize and respond to the call of individuals in need. In attuning ourselves to the call of the vulnerable other an ethical moment arises. Asking ‘how are you?’ in health care practice is our very first possibility to learn how a particular person finds herself or himself in this particular situation. Here, ‘how are you?’ shows itself as an ethical question that opens (...)
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  39.  17
    Meaning and Semantic Knowledge: Martin Davies.Martin Davies - 1997 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 71 (1):209-210.
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  40.  50
    Theorica Et Practica: Historical Epistemology and the Re-Visioning of Thirteenth and Fourteenth-Century Medicine.Brenda S. Gardenour - 2011 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 33 (1):83-110.
    Positivist medical historians, guided by the savoir of modern western biomedicine, have long depicted medieval medicine as an aberration along the continuum of scientific and medical progress. Historical epistemology, founded in the ideas of Cavailles, Foucault, Davidson, and Hacking, however, allows the historian to disrupt this false continuum and to unchain medieval medicine from modern medicine. Postmodernist approaches, such as those sourced in Lyotard, Barthes, and Derrida, allow the historian to further deconstruct medieval and modern medical discourse, revealing a multitude (...)
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  41.  22
    Bradley on Disagreements and Diversities In Philosophy.Brenda Jubin - 1977 - Idealistic Studies 7 (3):221-238.
    § 1. Apparent philosophical disagreement: a philosophical problem. Philosophers are frequently criticized for their remarkable inability to reach consensus. “‘The same problems,’ we hear it often, ‘the same disputes, the same sheer failure. Why not abandon it and come out? Is there nothing else more worth your labour?’”. In science there are established results and generally accepted theories. Philosophy, by contrast, seems to breed only disagreement and controversy. Unless philosophers are simply a peculiarly argumentative lot, we are told, the fact (...)
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  42.  1
    Quality and Content Analysis of Clinical Practice Guidelines Which Include Nonpharmacological Interventions for Knee Osteoarthritis.Brenda J. Tittlemier, Kristy D. Wittmeier & Sandra C. Webber - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (1):93-102.
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  43. Individualism and Perceptual Content.Martin Davies - 1991 - Mind 100 (399):461-84.
  44.  88
    An Ethical Paradox.Brenda Cohen - 1967 - Mind 76 (302):250-259.
  45.  92
    Themes in the Philosophy of Music.Stephen Davies - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Representing Stephen Davies's best shorter writings, these essays outline developments within the philosophy of music over the last two decades, and summarize the state of play at the beginning of a new century. Including two new and previously unpublished pieces, they address both perennial questions and contemporary controversies, such as that over the 'authentic performance' movement, and the impact of modern technology on the presentation and reception of musical works. Rather than attempting to reduce musical works to a single (...)
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  46. Reference, Contingency, and the Two-Dimensional Framework.Martin Davies - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):83-131.
    I review and reconsider some of the themes of ‘Two notions of necessity’ (Davies and Humberstone, 1980) and attempt to reach a deeper understanding and appreciation of Gareth Evans’s reflections (in ‘Reference and contingency’, 1979) on both modality and reference. My aim is to plot the relationships between the notions of necessity that Humberstone and I characterised in terms of operators in two-dimensional modal logic, the notions of superficial and deep necessity that Evans himself described, and the epistemic notion (...)
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  47. Musical Works and Performances: A Philosophical Exploration.Stephen Davies - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    What are musical works? Are they discovered or created? Can recordings substitute faithfully for live performances? This book considers these and other intriguing questions. It first outlines the nature of musical works, their relation to performances, and their notational specification; it then considers authenticity in performance, musical traditions, and recordings. Comprehensive and original, the volume discusses many kinds of music, applying its conclusions to issues as diverse as the authentic performance movement, the cultural integrity of ethnic music, and the implications (...)
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  48.  71
    On the Quantum Mechanics of Consciousness, with Application to Anomalous Phenomena.Robert G. Jahn & Brenda J. Dunne - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (8):721-772.
    Theoretical explication of a growing body of empirical data on consciousness-related anomalous phenomena is unlikely to be achieved in terms of known physical processes. Rather, it will first be necessary to formulate the basic role of consciousness in the definition of reality before such anomalous experience can adequately be represented. This paper takes the position that reality is constituted only in the interaction of consciousness with its environment, and therefore that any scheme of conceptual organization developed to represent that reality (...)
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  49.  7
    Schools and Restorative Justice.Brenda Morrison - 2007 - In Gerry Johnstone & Daniel W. van Ness (eds.), Handbook of Restorative Justice. pp. 325--350.
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  50. Humanism.Tony Davies - 2008 - Routledge.
    Humanism offers students a clear and lucid introductory guide to the complexities of Humanism, one of the most contentious and divisive of artistic or literary concepts. Showing how the concept has evolved since the Renaissance period, Davies discusses humanism in the context of the rise of Fascism, the onset of World War II, the Holocaust, and their aftermath. Humanism provides basic definitions and concepts, a critique of the religion of humanity, and necessary background on religious, sexual and political themes (...)
     
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