Results for 'Brenna Ellison'

141 found
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  1.  13
    Which Livestock Production Claims Matter Most to Consumers?Taro Mieno, Kathleen Brooks & Brenna Ellison - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (4):819-831.
    Consumers are becoming increasingly interested in how their food is produced. Many studies have focused on consumers’ preferences and willingness-to-pay for specific production-related claims on food products. However, few studies have asked consumers to rank the importance of different production claims. In this study, we use a best-worst scaling approach to have consumers rank the importance of seven common production claims used on food products. Rankings are obtained across four product types: beef, milk, chicken, and eggs. Results of the study (...)
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  2.  9
    On the Poverty of Philosophy: The Metaphysics of McLaren's “Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy”.Scott Ellison - 2009 - Educational Theory 59 (3):327-351.
    In this essay, Scott Ellison examines a line of critical thought in educational theory that has unapologetically sought transcendence in the face contemporary social and political conditions. Under the banner of critical pedagogy, Peter McLaren sees this current period of globalization as representing a worldwide historical crisis requiring a revolutionary struggle that, in turn, is dependent upon a revitalization of critical pedagogy as the necessary tool for overcoming global relations of domination. Armed with Marxist theory and politics, McLaren seeks (...)
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  3.  11
    Creating a Communication System From Scratch: Gesture Beats Vocalization Hands Down.Nicolas Fay, Casey J. Lister, T. Mark Ellison & Susan Goldin-Meadow - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  4.  10
    Against Fragmentation: Critical Education Scholarship in a Time of Crisis.Scott Ellison - 2019 - Educational Studies 55 (3):271-294.
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  5.  31
    Iconicity.Nicolas Fay, Mark Ellison & Simon Garrod - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (2):244-263.
    This paper explores the role of iconicity in spoken language and other human communication systems. First, we concentrate on graphical and gestural communication and show how semantically motivated iconic signs play an important role in creating such communication systems from scratch. We then consider how iconic signs tend to become simplified and symbolic as the communication system matures and argue that this process is driven by repeated interactive use of the signs. We then consider evidence for iconicity at the level (...)
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  6.  12
    Assessing the Risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome in Egg Donation: Implications for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Brooke Ellison & Jaymie Meliker - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (9):22-30.
    Stem cell research has important implications for medicine. The source of stem cells influences their therapeutic potential, with stem cells derived from early-stage embryos remaining the most versatile. Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), a source of embryonic stem cells, allows for understandings about disease development and, more importantly, the ability to yield embryonic stem cell lines that are genetically matched to the somatic cell donor. However, SCNT requires women to donate eggs, which involves injection of ovulation-inducing hormones and egg retrieval (...)
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  7.  24
    Iconicity: From Sign to System in Human Communication and Language.Nicolas Fay, Mark Ellison & Simon Garrod - 2014 - Pragmatics and Cognition 22 (2):244-263.
    This paper explores the role of iconicity in spoken language and other human communication systems. First, we concentrate on graphical and gestural communication and show how semantically motivated iconic signs play an important role in creating such communication systems from scratch. We then consider how iconic signs tend to become simplified and symbolic as the communication system matures and argue that this process is driven by repeated interactive use of the signs. We then consider evidence for iconicity at the level (...)
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  8.  9
    Kripke Submodels and Universal Sentences.Ben Ellison, Jonathan Fleischmann, Dan McGinn & Wim Ruitenburg - 2007 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (3):311-320.
    We define two notions for intuitionistic predicate logic: that of a submodel of a Kripke model, and that of a universal sentence. We then prove a corresponding preservation theorem. If a Kripke model is viewed as a functor from a small category to the category of all classical models with morphisms between them, then we define a submodel of a Kripke model to be a restriction of the original Kripke model to a subcategory of its domain, where every node in (...)
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  9.  40
    In the Shadow of Hegel: Toward a Methodology Appropriate to the Sociological Consciousness of Philosophic Inquiry.Scott Ellison - 2010 - Education and Culture 26 (1):pp. 44-66.
    In his political classic The Public and Its Problems, John Dewey offers up an observation that would surely resonate with contemporary readers.The social situation has been so changed by the factors of an industrial age that traditional general principles have little practical meaning. They persist as emotional cries rather than as reasoned ideas…. The developments of industry and commerce have so complicated affairs that a clear-cut, generally applicable, standard of judgment becomes practically impossible. The forest cannot be seen for the (...)
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  10.  15
    Arendt, Camus, and Modern Rebellion.David R. Ellison & Jeffrey C. Isaac - 1994 - Substance 23 (2):122.
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  11.  23
    The Effect of Auditory Verbal Imagery on Signal Detection in Hallucination-Prone Individuals.Peter Moseley, David Smailes, Amanda Ellison & Charles Fernyhough - 2016 - Cognition 146:206-216.
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  12.  5
    Eye-Fixation Behavior, Lexical Storage, and Visual Word Recognition in a Split Processing Model.Richard Shillcock, T. Mark Ellison & Padraic Monaghan - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):824-851.
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  13.  21
    Anthropological Insights Into the Use of Race/Ethnicity to Explore Genetic Contributions to Disparities in Health.Simon M. Outram & George T. H. Ellison - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (1):83-102.
    Anthropological insights into the use of race/ethnicity to explore genetic contributions to disparities in health were developed using in-depth qualitative interviews with editorial staff from nineteen genetics journals, focusing on the methodological and conceptual mechanisms required to make race/ethnicity a genetic variable. As such, these analyses explore how and why race/ethnicity comes to be used in the context of genetic research, set against the background of continuing critiques from anthropology and related human sciences that focus on the social construction, structural (...)
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  14.  28
    Human Male Pair Bonding and Testosterone.Peter B. Gray, Judith Flynn Chapman, Terence C. Burnham, Matthew H. McIntyre, Susan F. Lipson & Peter T. Ellison - 2004 - Human Nature 15 (2):119-131.
    Previous research in North America has supported the view that male involvement in committed, romantic relationships is associated with lower testosterone (T) levels. Here, we test the prediction that undergraduate men involved in committed, romantic relationships (paired) will have lower T levels than men not involved in such relationships (unpaired). Further, we also test whether these differences are more apparent in samples collected later, rather than earlier, in the day. For this study, 107 undergraduate men filled out a questionnaire and (...)
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  15.  11
    It's in the Name: A Synthetic Inquiry of the Knowledge Is Power Program [KIPP].Scott Ellison - 2012 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 48 (6):550-575.
    The task of this article is to interrogate the Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) model to develop a more robust understanding of a prominent trend in the charter school movement and education policy more generally. To accomplish this task, this article details the findings of a synthetic analysis that examines the KIPP model as a Hegelian whole concept operative in a specific mode of social reality. The guidance for this analysis is grounded in a rather straightforward research question. Given the (...)
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  16.  22
    Girl Helpers and Time Allocation of Nursing Women Among the Toba of Argentina.Riley B. Bove, Claudia R. Valeggia & Peter T. Ellison - 2002 - Human Nature 13 (4):457-472.
    In this paper we outline the activities of young girls in a Toba community of northern Argentina and examine the effect of girl helpers on time allocation of nursing women. Activity budgets were obtained for 41 girls aged 3 to 15 using spot observations. Girls spent substantial portions of observations engaged in helping behaviors. Individual values varied with age, anthropometric characteristics, and birth order. Activity budgets of 21 nursing women were obtained through focal observation sessions. Women living in households with (...)
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  17.  13
    Flaws in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Rationale for Supporting the Development and Approval of BiDil as a Treatment for Heart Failure Only in Black Patients.George T. H. Ellison, Jay S. Kaufman, Rosemary F. Head, Paul A. Martin & Jonathan D. Kahn - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):449-457.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's rationale for supporting the development and approval of BiDil for heart failure specifically in black patients was based on under-powered, post hoc subgroup analyses of two relatively old trials , which were further complicated by substantial covariate imbalances between racial groups. Indeed, the only statistically significant difference observed between black and white patients was found without any adjustment for potential confounders in samples that were unlikely to have been adequately randomized. Meanwhile, because the accepted (...)
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  18.  5
    Many Faces, One Rule: The Role of Perceptual Expertise in Infants’ Sequential Rule Learning.Hermann Bulf, Viola Brenna, Eloisa Valenza, Scott P. Johnson & Chiara Turati - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  19. Reviews : Terence Ball, James Farr and Russell L. Hanson (Eds), Political Innovation and Conceptual Change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989, Paper £12.95, X + 366 Pp. [REVIEW]Nick Ellison - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (3):433-435.
  20.  7
    Community Engagement: An Important Addition to the Medical Curriculum.Brooke Mackenzie Ellison - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):23-24.
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  21.  11
    Re-Thinking the Concept of “Accountability” in the Popular Discourse of Education Policy.Scott Ellison - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  22.  5
    Quantifier Elimination for a Class of Intuitionistic Theories.Ben Ellison, Jonathan Fleischmann, Dan McGinn & Wim Ruitenburg - 2008 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (3):281-293.
    From classical, Fraïissé-homogeneous, ($\leq \omega$)-categorical theories over finite relational languages, we construct intuitionistic theories that are complete, prove negations of classical tautologies, and admit quantifier elimination. We also determine the intuitionistic universal fragments of these theories.
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  23.  17
    Lactational Amenorrhoea in Well-Nourished Toba Women of Formosa, Argentina.Claudia Valeggia & Peter T. Ellison - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (5):573-595.
  24.  3
    The Patient as Professor: How My Life as a Person with Quadriplegia Shaped My Thinking as an Ethicist.Brooke Ellison - 2019 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (2):342-351.
    I should not be here. By nearly all medical prognostication and statistical realism, I should not be here. In fact, anyone with any wagering savvy might have—and quite justifiably—placed her chips on someone else. But lives do not always adhere to probabilities, bell curves, or standard deviations. Personal will favors the long game over the short; determination and hopefulness strive for the less likely instead of the more—the extreme rather than the mean.I have lived for 28 years with quadriplegia, a (...)
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  25.  19
    Extinction and Descent.Peter T. Ellison - 1994 - Human Nature 5 (2):155-165.
    The probability of lineal extinction is sensitive to all the moments of the reproductive success probability distribution. In particular, high variance in reproductive success is associated with high probability of lineal extinction. Where male variance in reproductive success exceeds female variance, strictly patrilineal lines of descent will become extinct more rapidly than strictly matrilineal lines of descent. Patrilineal genealogies will be expected to be shallower and broader than matrilineal genealogies under such conditions. Potential implications of this genealogical asymmetry for human (...)
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  26.  11
    Clergymen Abiding in the Fields: The Making of the Naturalist Observer in Eighteenth-Century Norwegian Natural History.Brita Brenna - 2011 - Science in Context 24 (2):143-166.
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  27.  8
    Normative Study of Age Variation in Salivary Progesterone Profiles.S. F. Lipson & P. T. Ellison - 1992 - Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (2):233-244.
    Daily luteal progesterone levels were measured for 124 regularly menstruating women, aged 18–44, by radioimmunoassay of steroid levels in saliva. A consistent pattern of age variation in luteal function was found, with the lowest levels of progesterone in the 18–19-year-old and 40–44-year-old groups, the highest values in the 25–34 year olds, and intermediate values in the 20–24 and 35–39-year-old groups. The striking similarity of this pattern of age variation with empirically and theoretically generated curves of apparent fecundability, suggests that age-related (...)
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  28.  3
    Mapping the Emotional Journey of the Doctoral ‘Hero’: Challenges Faced and Breakthroughs Made by Creative Arts and Humanities Candidates.Craig Batty, Elizabeth Ellison, Alison Owens & Donna Brien - forthcoming - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education.
    This article discusses how doctoral candidates identify and navigate personal learning challenges on their journey to becoming researchers. Our study asked creative arts and humanities candidates t...
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  29.  13
    Genotyping the Future: Scientists' Expectations About Race/ Ethnicity After BiDil.Richard Tutton, Andrew Smart, Paul A. Martin, Richard Ashcroft & George T. H. Ellison - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):464-470.
    The ongoing debate about the FDA approval of BiDil in 2005 demonstrates how the first racially/ethnically licensed drug is entangled in both Utopian and dystopian future visions about the continued saliency of race/ethnicity in science and medicine. Drawing on the sociology of expectations, this paper analyzes how scientists in the field of pharmacogenetics are constructing certain visions of the future with respect to the use of social categories of race/ethnicity and the impact of high-throughput genotyping technologies that promise to transform (...)
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  30.  4
    Genotyping the Future: Scientists' Expectations About Race/Ethnicity After BiDil.Richard Tutton, Andrew Smart, Paul A. Martin, Richard Ashcroft & George T. H. Ellison - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):464-470.
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  31.  30
    Carroll, David. Albert Camus the Algerian: Colonialism, Terrorism, Justice. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. Pp. 237. [REVIEW]D. R. Ellison & R. Doran - 2008 - Substance 37 (1):159-163.
  32.  19
    Citizenship, Space and Time.Nick Ellison - 2013 - Thesis Eleven 118 (1):48-63.
    This article examines changing modalities of citizenship in a fast-moving, informationalized and connected world. The argument here is that, in an increasingly globalized economic, social and cultural environment, forms and practices of citizenship inevitably – and increasingly – fragment across space and time. While this tendency for citizenship to ‘shape-shift’ politically and socially is not new – and indeed while the spatial fragmentation of belonging has been frequently commented upon, particularly in relation to the claimed decline of the bordered nation-state (...)
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  33.  12
    II. Rousseau and the Modern City: The Politics of Speech and Dress.Charles E. Ellison - 1985 - Political Theory 13 (4):497-533.
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  34.  33
    Violence and Oppression.Charles E. Ellison - 1984 - Teaching Philosophy 7 (4):367-370.
  35.  41
    Aesthetic Experience, Transitional Objects and the Third Space: The Fusion of Audience and Aesthetic Objects in the Performing Arts.Ian Woodward & David Ellison - 2010 - Thesis Eleven 103 (1):45-53.
    Aesthetic experience has been relativized and marginalized by recent social and cultural theory. As less attention has been paid to understanding the nature of aesthetic experience than mapping the distributed social correlates of tastes, its transformative potential and capacity to animate actors’ imaginations and actions goes unexplored. In this paper we draw upon a large number of in-depth interviews with performing arts audiences around Australia to investigate the language and discourse used to describe aesthetic experiences. In particular, we begin with (...)
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  36.  38
    Rousseau and the Modern City: The Politics of Speech and Dress.Charles E. Ellison - 1985 - Political Theory 13 (4):497-533.
  37.  31
    A Short History of Liberal Guilt.Julie Ellison - 1996 - Critical Inquiry 22 (2):344-371.
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  38.  28
    From Within the Belly of the Beast: Rethinking the Concept of the 'Educational Marketplace' in the Popular Discourse of Education Reform.Scott Ellison - 2012 - Educational Studies: Journal of the American Educational Studies Association 48 (2):119-136.
    The task of this article is to carry out a synthetic analysis of the concept of the educational marketplace as it is used in the popular discourse of education reform so as to unpack what has become a commonsensical idea in American politics. It is a conceptual framework that has opened an ever-expanding sovereign space in the American state for the colonization of a public institution by the private sphere by means of public policy. The results of this analysis suggest (...)
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  39.  15
    Of Words and the World: Referential Anxiety in Contemporary French Fiction.David Herman & David R. Ellison - 1995 - Substance 24 (1/2):192.
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  40.  24
    Civic-Subjects or Civic-Agents?N. Ellison - 2000 - Theory, Culture and Society 17 (2):148-156.
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  41.  14
    Proust's 'Recherche': A Psychoanalytical Interpretation.David R. Ellison & Randolph Splitter - 1981 - Substance 10 (4):140.
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  42.  14
    Rewards Modulate Saccade Latency but Not Exogenous Spatial Attention.Stephen Dunne, Amanda Ellison & Daniel T. Smith - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  43.  4
    Heterosexism Is the Moral Scandal.Marvin Ellison - 2005 - Philosophia Christi 7 (1):27-28.
  44.  5
    Two Roads Diverge in a Wood: Indifference to the Difference Between ‘Diversity’ and ‘Heterogeneity’ Should Be Resisted on Epistemic and Moral Grounds.Ayelet Shavit, Anat Kolumbus & Aaron M. Ellison - unknown
    We argue that a conceptual tension exists between “diversity” and “heterogeneity” and that glossing over their differences has practical, moral, and epistemic costs. We examine how these terms are used in ecology and the social sciences; articulate a deeper linguistic intuition; and test it with the Corpus of Contemporary American English. The results reveal that ‘diversity’ and ‘heterogeneity’ have conflicting rather than interchangeable meanings: heterogeneity implies a collective entity that interactively integrates different entities, whereas diversity implies divergence, not integration. Consequently, (...)
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  45.  17
    The Use of Maternal Weight Measurements During Antenatal Care. A National Survey of Midwifery Practice Throughout the United Kingdom.George T. H. Ellison & Mary Holliday - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (4):303-317.
  46.  30
    Preferences for Juries Over Judges Across Racial and Ethnic Groups.Mary R. Rose, Christopher G. Ellison & Shari Seidman Diamond - manuscript
    Prior studies have shown a general preference among citizens for juries over judges. Researchers, however, have not considered whether race and ethnicity modify this preference. We hypothesized that minorities (African-Americans, Hispanics), who generally express less trust in the legal system, may also express less trust in juries than non-Hispanic whites. We asked a representative sample of 1,465 residents of Texas to state whether they would prefer a jury or a judge to be the decision maker in four hypothetical circumstances. Consistent (...)
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  47.  2
    Hypermnesia in the Eyewitness to a Crime.Paul Eugenio, Robert Buckhout, Stephen Kostes & Katherine W. Ellison - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (2):83-86.
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  48.  14
    Lineal Inheritance and Lineal Extinction.Peter T. Ellison - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):672-672.
  49.  5
    Introduction: Speaking to the Eye.Bruce Buchan & David Ellison - 2012 - Cultural Studies Review 18 (3).
    An introduction to the themes of the 'On Noise' section and an overview of its contents.
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  50.  5
    Reflections on the Death Scene.Bruce Buchan, Margaret Gibson & David Ellison - 2011 - Cultural Studies Review 17 (1):3-14.
    An introduction to the Death Scene issue of Cultural Studies Review, with reflections on the nature of the death scene in general and on the specific issues covered by contributors.
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