Results for 'Brian A. Ball'

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  1.  65
    Semantics, Meta-Semantics, and Ontology: A Critique of the Method of Truth in Metaphysics.Brian A. Ball, Dorothy Edgington & John Hawthorne - unknown
    In this thesis, Semantics, Meta-Semantics, and Ontology, I provide a critique of the method of truth in metaphysics. Davidson has suggested that we can determine the metaphysical nature and structure of reality through semantic investigations. By contrast, I argue that it is not semantics, but meta-semantics, which reveals the metaphysically necessary and sufficient truth conditions of our claims. As a consequence I reject the Quinean criterion of ontological commitment. In Part I, chapter 1, I argue that the metaphysically primary truth (...)
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  2.  11
    Maximin Justice, Sacrifice, and the Reciprocity Argument: A Pragmatic Reassessment of the Rawls/Nozick Debate: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):157-184.
    Theories of economic justice are characteristically based on abstract ethical concerns often unrelated to practical distributive results. Two decades ago, Rawls's theory of justice began as a reaction against the alleged ‘sacrifices’ condoned by utilitarian theory. One variant of this objection is that utilitarianism permits gross inequalities, severe deprivations of individual liberty, or even the enslavement of society's least well-off individuals. There are, however, more subtle forms of the objection. In Rawls, it is often waged without any claim that utilitarianism (...)
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  3.  4
    Critical Review of Rawls's Political Liberalism: A Utilitarian and Decision-Theoretical Analysis of the Main Arguments: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):222-240.
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  4.  44
    The Knowledge Rule and the Action Rule.Brian Ball - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (4):552-574.
    In this paper I compare Timothy Williamson's knowledge rule of assertion with Ishani Maitra and Brian Weatherson's action rule. The paper is in two parts. In the first part I present and respond to Maitra and Weatherson's master argument against the knowledge rule. I argue that while its second premise, to the effect that an action X can be the thing to do though one is in no position to know that it is, is true, its first premise is (...)
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  5.  15
    Shapes: Nature's Patterns: A Tapestry in Three Parts.Philip Ball - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Philip Ball explores the science of the shapes we see in nature, revealing how, from the stripes of a zebra to the development of a snowflake or even a human embryo, there is a pattern-forming tendency in the basic processes of nature, and from a few simple themes, and the repetition of simple rules, endless beautiful variations can arise.
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  6.  20
    Unifying Several Natural Language Systems in a Connectionist Deterministic Parser.Stan C. Kwasny, Kansan A. Faisal & William E. Ball - 1990 - Ai and Simulation: Theory and Applications, Simulation Series 22:28-33.
  7.  14
    Having to Revise Hypotheses Does Not Indicate a Flawed Approach: A Reply to Bolhuis and Macphail.Scott A. MacDougall-Shackleton & Gregory F. Ball - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (2):68-69.
  8.  5
    The Book of Job, a Revised Text and Version.George A. Barton & C. J. Ball - 1925 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 45:177.
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  9.  10
    Self-Consistent Screening of a Pseudo-Atom in a Nearly-Free Electron Metal.Md M. Islam & M. A. Ball - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 22 (180):1227-1241.
  10. Counter Closure and Knowledge Despite Falsehood.Brian Ball & Michael Blome-Tillmann - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (257):552-568.
    Certain puzzling cases have been discussed in the literature recently which appear to support the thought that knowledge can be obtained by way of deduction from a falsehood; moreover, these cases put pressure, prima facie, on the thesis of counter closure for knowledge. We argue that the cases do not involve knowledge from falsehood; despite appearances, the false beliefs in the cases in question are causally, and therefore epistemologically, incidental, and knowledge is achieved despite falsehood. We also show that the (...)
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  11. Monsters and the Theoretical Role of Context.Brian Rabern & Derek Ball - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):392-416.
    Kaplan (1989) famously claimed that monsters--operators that shift the context--do not exist in English and "could not be added to it". Several recent theorists have pointed out a range of data that seem to refute Kaplan's claim, but others (most explicitly Stalnaker 2014) have offered a principled argument that monsters are impossible. This paper interprets and resolves the dispute. Contra appearances, this is no dry, technical matter: it cuts to the heart of a deep disagreement about the fundamental structure of (...)
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  12. Indexical Reliabilism and the New Evil Demon.Brian Ball & Michael Blome-Tillmann - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (6):1317-1336.
    Stewart Cohen’s New Evil Demon argument raises familiar and widely discussed concerns for reliabilist accounts of epistemic justification. A now standard response to this argument, initiated by Alvin Goldman and Ernest Sosa, involves distinguishing different notions of justification. Juan Comesaña has recently and prominently claimed that his Indexical Reliabilism (IR) offers a novel solution in this tradition. We argue, however, that Comesaña’s proposal suffers serious difficulties from the perspective of the philosophy of language. More specifically, we show that the two (...)
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  13.  60
    Deriving the Norm of Assertion.Brian Ball - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:75-85.
    Frank Hindriks has attempted to derive a variant of Timothy Williamson’s knowledge rule for assertion on the basis of a more fundamental belief expression analysis of that speech act. I show that his attempted derivation involves a crucial equivocation between two senses of ‘must,’ and therefore fails. I suggest two possible repairs; but I argue that even if they are successful, we should prefer Williamson’s fully general knowledge rule to Hindriks’s restricted moral norm.
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  14.  6
    Attitudes and Ascriptions in Stalnaker Models.Brian Ball - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy:1-23.
    What role, if any, should centered possible worlds play in characterizing the attitudes? Lewis :513–543, 1979) argued that, in order to account for the phenomena of self-location :474–497, 1977, Noûs 13:3–21, 1979), the contents of the attitudes should be taken to be centered propositions. Stalnaker Assertion: New philosophical essays, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011, Context, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014), however, has argued that while centered worlds are needed to characterize e.g. belief states, the contents of such states should be (...)
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  15.  86
    Speech Acts: Natural or Normative Kinds? The Case of Assertion.Brian Ball - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (3):336-350.
    There are two views of the essences of speech acts: according to one view, they are natural kinds; according to the other, they are what I call normative kinds—kinds in the (possibly non-reductive) definition of which some normative term occurs. In this article I show that speech acts can be normative but also natural kinds by deriving Williamson's account of assertion, on which it is an act individuated, and constitutively governed, by a norm (the knowledge rule), from a consideration of (...)
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  16.  10
    Alethic Pluralism and the Role of Reference in the Metaphysics of Truth.Brian Ball - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (1):116-135.
    In this paper, I outline and defend a novel approach to alethic pluralism, the thesis that truth has more than one metaphysical nature: where truth is, in part, explained by reference, it is relational in character and can be regarded as consisting in correspondence; but where instead truth does not depend upon reference it is not relational and involves only coherence. In the process, I articulate a clear sense in which truth may or may not depend upon reference: this involves (...)
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  17.  8
    Deriving the Norm of Assertion.Brian Ball - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:75-85.
    Frank Hindriks has attempted to derive a variant of Timothy Williamson’s knowledge rule for assertion on the basis of a more fundamental belief expression analysis of that speech act. I show that his attempted derivation involves a crucial equivocation between two senses of ‘must,’ and therefore fails. I suggest two possible repairs; but I argue that even if they are successful, we should prefer Williamson’s fully general knowledge rule to Hindriks’s restricted moral norm.
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  18.  2
    Knowledge, Safety, and Questions.Brian Ball - 2016 - Filosofia Unisinos 17 (1):58-62.
    Safety-based theories of knowledge face a difficulty surrounding necessary truths: no subject could have easily falsely believed such a proposition. Failing to predict that ill-grounded beliefs in such propositions do not constitute knowledge, standard safety theories are therefore less informative than desired. Some have suggested that the subjects at issue could easily have believed some related false proposition; but they have given no indication as to what makes a proposition related. I suggest a solution to this problem: a belief is (...)
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  19.  44
    The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics.Derek Ball & Brian Rabern (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    By creating certain marks on paper, or by making certain sounds-breathing past a moving tongue-or by articulation of hands and bodies, language users can give expression to their mental lives. With language we command, assert, query, emote, insult, and inspire. Language has meaning. This fact can be quite mystifying, yet a science of linguistic meaning-semantics-has emerged at the intersection of a variety of disciplines: philosophy, linguistics, computer science, and psychology. Semantics is the study of meaning. But what exactly is "meaning"? (...)
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  20. Belief–Logic Conflict Resolution in Syllogistic Reasoning: Inspection-Time Evidence for a Parallel-Process Model.Linden J. Ball & Edward J. N. Stupple - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (2):168-181.
    An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time (...)
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  21.  35
    Matching Bias in Syllogistic Reasoning: Evidence for a Dual-Process Account From Response Times and Confidence Ratings.Edward J. N. Stupple, Linden J. Ball & Daniel Ellis - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):54 - 77.
    (2013). Matching bias in syllogistic reasoning: Evidence for a dual-process account from response times and confidence ratings. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 54-77. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.735622.
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  22. Making Life: A Comment on ‘Playing God in Frankenstein’s Footsteps: Synthetic Biology and the Meaning of Life’ by Henk van den Belt.Philip Ball - 2010 - NanoEthics 4 (2):129-132.
    Van den Belt recently examined the notion that synthetic biology and the creation of ‘artificial’ organisms are examples of scientists ‘playing God’. Here I respond to some of the issues he raises, including some of his comments on my previous discussions of the value of the term ‘life’ as a scientific concept.
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  23.  35
    Exploring the Determinants of Dual Goal Facilitation in a Rule Discovery Task.Maggie Gale & Linden J. Ball - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):294 – 315.
    Wason's standard 2-4-6 task requires discovery of a single rule and leads to around 20% solutions, whereas the dual goal (DG) version requires discovery of two rules and elevates solutions to over 60%. We report an experiment that aimed to discriminate between competing accounts of DG facilitation by manipulating the degree of complementarity between the to-be-discovered rules. Results indicated that perfect rule complementarity is not essential for task success, thereby undermining a key tenet of the goal complementarity account of DG (...)
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  24.  31
    Exploring the Determinants of Dual Goal Facilitation in a Rule Discovery Task.Linden J. Ball & Maggie Gale - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):294-315.
    Wason's standard 2-4-6 task requires discovery of a single rule and leads to around 20% solutions, whereas the dual goal (DG) version requires discovery of two rules and elevates solutions to over 60%. We report an experiment that aimed to discriminate between competing accounts of DG facilitation by manipulating the degree of complementarity between the to-be-discovered rules. Results indicated that perfect rule complementarity is not essential for task success, thereby undermining a key tenet of the goal complementarity account of DG (...)
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  25.  21
    Calvin and the Duty to Respect a Patient's Trust.D. T. Ball - 2014 - Christian Bioethics 20 (1):112-122.
    Contemporary bioethical theory relies upon the concept of informed consent to protect against abuses of patient autonomy. Due to the complexity of the informed consent process, however, many patients rely more on their trust in their health care providers than they do upon their own ability to decide whether or not to give informed consent. Reformation theologian John Calvin placed a strong emphasis on the decision-maker's duty to respect the trust that others repose in the decision-maker. In keeping with Calvin's (...)
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  26.  11
    Economic Equality: Rawls Versus Utilitarianism: Stephen W. Ball.Stephen W. Ball - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):225-244.
    Perhaps the most salient feature of Rawls's theory of justice which at once attracts supporters and repels critics is its apparent egalitarian conclusion as to how economic goods are to be distributed. Indeed, many of Rawls's sympathizers may find this result intuitively appealing, and regard it as Rawls's enduring contribution to the topic of economic justice, despite technical deficiencies in Rawls's contractarian, decision-theoretic argument for it which occupy the bulk of the critical literature. Rawls himself, having proposed a “coherence” theory (...)
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  27.  79
    Maximin Justice, Sacrifice, and the Reciprocity Argument: A Pragmatic Reassessment of the Rawls/Nozick Debate.Stephen W. Ball - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):157.
    Theories of economic justice are characteristically based on abstract ethical concerns often unrelated to practical distributive results. Two decades ago, Rawls's theory of justice began as a reaction against the alleged ‘sacrifices’ condoned by utilitarian theory. One variant of this objection is that utilitarianism permits gross inequalities, severe deprivations of individual liberty, or even the enslavement of society's least well-off individuals. There are, however, more subtle forms of the objection. In Rawls, it is often waged without any claim that utilitarianism (...)
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  28.  16
    A Case Study in the Relationship of Mind to Body: Transforming the Embodied Mind.Mike Ball - 2015 - Human Studies 38 (3):391-407.
    This paper employs ethnographic research methods to study a Buddhist meditation practice that takes the walking body as its object. The mundane act of walking is transformed into a meditative object for the purpose of refining states of embodied consciousness. This meditation practice offers a glimpse of the relationship of body to mind, a fundamental concern within the philosophy of mind. The analytic focus of this paper is the practical nature of meditation work. Aspects of Buddhist Philosophy are explored and (...)
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  29. A Primer of Astronomy.Robert Ball - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    First published in 1911 as the second edition of a 1900 original, this book provides a basic introduction to astronomy written by the former Astronomer Royal of Ireland. The text is illustrated with photographs, diagrams and drawings of astronomical phenomena, including certain comets and the constellations visible from the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of education and the teaching of astronomy.
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  30. Goldilocks and the Three (or Four) Digital Scholarship Books; or, Reconceptualizing a Role for Digital Media Scholarship in an Age of Digital Scholarship: A Review Webtext.Cheryl E. Ball - 2010 - Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 15 (1).
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  31. Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader.Terence Ball, Richard Dagger & Daniel I. O'Neill - 2013 - Routledge.
    _ Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader_, 9/e, is a comprehensive compilation of original readings representing all of the major 'isms'.It offers students a generous sampling of key thinkers in different ideological traditions and places them in their historical and political contexts. Used on its own or with _Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal_, the title accounts for the different ways people use ideology and conveys the ongoing importance of ideas in politics.
     
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  32.  23
    Life in the Pressure Cooker — School League Tables and English and Mathematics Teachers' Responses to Accountability in a Results-Driven Era.Jane Perryman, Stephen Ball, Meg Maguire & Annette Braun - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (2):179 - 195.
    This paper is based on case-study research in four English secondary schools. It explores the pressure placed on English and mathematics departments because of their results being reported in annual performance tables. It examines how English and maths departments enact policies of achievement, the additional power and extra resources the pressure to achieve brings and the possibility of resistance.
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  33. Reductionism in Ethics and Science: A Contemporary Look at G. E. Moore's Open-Question Argument.Stephen W. Ball - 1988 - American Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):197 - 213.
  34.  8
    Could Parental Rules Play a Role in the Association Between Short Sleep and Obesity in Young Children?Caroline H. D. Jones, Tessa M. Pollard, Carolyn D. Summerbell & Helen Ball - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (3):1-14.
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  35.  83
    Biotechnology, Bioethics, and the Future: A Review of Ronald Bailey's Liberation Biology. [REVIEW]Jenny Dyck Brian & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):125-128.
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  36.  15
    Book Review:A Useful Inheritance: Evolutionary Aspects of the Theory of Knowledge Nicholas Rescher. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):332-.
  37.  65
    Critical Review of Rawls's Political Liberalism: A Utilitarian and Decision-Theoretical Analysis of the Main Arguments.Stephen W. Ball - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):222.
  38.  22
    Toward a Synthesis of Criminal Justice Planning and Evaluation.Richard Ball - 1985 - World Futures 21 (3):245-262.
  39.  49
    Carl Cohen and James P. Sterba, Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate:Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate.Stephen W. Ball - 2005 - Ethics 116 (1):226-228.
  40.  50
    On Warren's Response to "Marx and Darwin: A Reconsideration".Terence Ball & Terrell Carver - 1982 - Political Theory 10 (2):307-314.
  41.  24
    Book Review:John Ruskin, Social Reformer. J. A. Hobson. [REVIEW]Sidney Ball - 1899 - Ethics 9 (3):388-.
  42.  15
    A Language Policy in Search of a Consensus: The Identity Crisis of Contemporary French.Rodney Ball - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (3):418-423.
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  43.  30
    What the Action Is: A Cross-Cultural Approach.Donald W. Ball - 1972 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 2 (2):121–143.
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  44.  14
    Book Review:An Outline of Legal Philosophy. W. A. Watt. [REVIEW]Sidney Ball - 1894 - Ethics 4 (2):261-.
  45.  26
    The Aesthetics of Color: A Review of Fifty Years of Experimentation. [REVIEW]Victoria K. Ball - 1965 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 23 (4):441-452.
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  46.  11
    Book Review:Saggi Per La Storia Della Morale Utilitaria. II. Le Teorie Morale E Politiche Di L. A. Helvetius Rodolfo Mondolfo; Il Dubbio Metodico E. La Storia Della Filesofia. Rodolfo Mondolfo. [REVIEW]Sidney Ball - 1906 - Ethics 17 (1):136-.
  47.  18
    Book Review:Marxism and Totality: The Adventures of a Concept From Lukacs to Habermas. Martin Jay. [REVIEW]Terence Ball - 1985 - Ethics 96 (1):200-.
  48.  10
    Book Review:Ethik. J. A. Barth. [REVIEW]Sidney Ball - 1906 - Ethics 17 (1):143-.
  49.  16
    Book Review:An Inquiry Into Socialism. Thomas Kirkup; The Liberal State: A Speculation. Thomas Whittaker. [REVIEW]Sidney Ball - 1908 - Ethics 18 (3):397-.
  50.  14
    Book Reviews : Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. By David Hackett Fischer. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Pp. XXII + 338. $10.00. [REVIEW]T. Ball - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (1):89-91.
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