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Brian J. Scholl [39]Brian Scholl [3]
  1. Cognition Does Not Affect Perception: Evaluating the Evidence for “Top-Down” Effects.Chaz Firestone & Brian J. Scholl - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-72.
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  2. Tracking Multiple Items Through Occlusion: Clues to Visual Objecthood.Brian J. Scholl & Zenon W. Pylyshyn - unknown
    In three experiments, subjects attempted to track multiple items as they moved independently and unpredictably about a display. Performance was not impaired when the items were briefly (but completely) occluded at various times during their motion, suggesting that occlusion is taken into account when computing enduring perceptual objecthood. Unimpaired performance required the presence of accretion and deletion cues along fixed contours at the occluding boundaries. Performance was impaired when items were present on the visual field at the same times and (...)
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  3.  67
    Objects and Attention: The State of the Art.Brian J. Scholl - 2001 - Cognition 80 (1-2):1-46.
  4.  87
    Perceptual Causality and Animacy.Brian J. Scholl & Patrice D. Tremoulet - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (8):299-309.
  5. Modularity, Development and "Theory of Mind".Alan M. Leslie & Brian J. Scholl - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of develop- ment: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
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  6. Object Persistence in Philosophy and Psychology.Brian J. Scholl - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (5):563–591.
    What makes an object the same persisting individual over time? Philosophers and psychologists have both grappled with this question, but from different perspectives—philosophers conceptually analyzing the criteria for object persistence, and psychologists exploring the mental mechanisms that lead us to experience the world in terms of persisting objects. It is striking that the same themes populate explorations of persistence in these two very different fields—e.g. the roles of spatiotemporal continuity, persistence through property change, and cohesion violations. Such similarities may reflect (...)
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  7.  90
    What You See is What You Set: Sustained Inattentional Blindness and the Capture of Awareness.Steve Most, Brian J. Scholl, E. Clifford & Daniel J. Simons - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):217-242.
  8.  10
    The Automaticity of Visual Statistical Learning.Nicholas B. Turk-Browne, Justin A. Jungé & Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (4):552-564.
  9.  66
    Indexing and the Object Concept: Developing `What' and `Where' Systems.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  10.  15
    Can You Perceive Ensembles Without Perceiving Individuals?: The Role of Statistical Perception in Determining Whether Awareness Overflows Access.Emily J. Ward, Adam Bear & Brian J. Scholl - 2016 - Cognition 152:78-86.
    Do we see more than we can report? Psychologists and philosophers have been hotly debating this question, in part because both possibilities are supported by suggestive evidence. On one hand, phenomena such as inattentional blindness and change blindness suggest that visual awareness is especially sparse. On the other hand, experiments relating to iconic memory suggest that our in-the-moment awareness of the world is much richer than can be reported. Recent research has attempted to resolve this debate by showing that observers (...)
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  11.  13
    Enhanced Visual Awareness for Morality and Pajamas? Perception Vs. Memory in ‘Top-Down’ Effects.Chaz Firestone & Brian J. Scholl - 2015 - Cognition 136:409-416.
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  12.  50
    Inattentional Blindness Reflects Limitations on Perception, Not Memory: Evidence From Repeated Failures of Awareness.Emily Ward & Brian Scholl - 2015 - Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 22:722-727.
    Perhaps the most striking phenomenon of visual awareness is inattentional blindness (IB), in which a surprisingly salient event right in front of you may go completely unseen when unattended. Does IB reflect a failure of perception, or only of subsequent memory? Previous work has been unable to answer this question, due to a seemingly intractable dilemma: ruling out memory requires immediate perceptual reports, but soliciting such reports fuels an expectation that eliminates IB. Here we introduce a way of evoking repeated (...)
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  13.  82
    The Relationship Between Object Files and Conscious Perception.Stephen R. Mitroff, Brian J. Scholl & Karen Wynn - 2005 - Cognition 96 (1):67-92.
  14.  4
    The Role of Salience in the Extraction of Algebraic Rules.Ansgar D. Endress, Brian J. Scholl & Jacques Mehler - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (3):406-419.
  15.  8
    Seeing and Thinking: Foundational Issues and Empirical Horizons.Chaz Firestone & Brian J. Scholl - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  16.  6
    Did That Just Happen? Event Segmentation Influences Enumeration and Working Memory for Simple Overlapping Visual Events.Joan Danielle K. Ongchoco & Brian J. Scholl - 2019 - Cognition 187:188-197.
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  17. Attenuated Change Blindness for Exogenously Attended Items in a Flicker Paradigm.Brian J. Scholl - 2000 - Visual Cognition 7:377-396.
  18.  17
    Visual Perception Involves Event-Type Representations: The Case of Containment Versus Occlusion.Brent Strickland & Brian J. Scholl - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (3):570-580.
  19.  56
    Forming and Updating Object Representations Without Awareness: Evidence From Motion-Induced Blindness.Stephen R. Mitroff & Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - Vision Research 45 (8):961-967.
  20.  7
    How Does Attention Select and Track Spatially Extended Objects? New Effects of Attentional Concentration and Amplification.George A. Alvarez & Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (4):461-476.
  21.  77
    Sustained Inattentional Blindness: The Role of Location in the Detection of Unexpected Dynamic Events.Steve Most, Daniel J. Simons, Brian J. Scholl & Christopher Chabris - 2000 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 6.
    Attempts to understand visual attention have produced models based on location, in which attention selects particular regions of space, and models based on other visual attributes . Previous studies of inattentional blindness have contributed to our understanding of attention by suggesting that the detection of an unexpected object depends on the distance of that object from the spatial focus of attention. When the distance of a briefly flashed object from both fixation and the focus of attention is systematically varied, detection (...)
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  22.  4
    Attentional Rhythm: A Temporal Analogue of Object-Based Attention.Julian De Freitas, Brandon M. Liverence & Brian J. Scholl - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):71-76.
  23.  13
    Auditory-Induced Bouncing is a Perceptual Phenomenon: Evidence From Illusory Crescents.Hauke S. Meyerhoff & Brian J. Scholl - 2018 - Cognition 170:88-94.
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  24.  33
    Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception.Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers (ed.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York. pp. 34.
    This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many challenges to nativist theories in other areas of cognitive psychology have focused on the later development of such abilities, and have argued that such development is in conflict with innate origins. Innateness, in these contexts, is seen as antidevelopmental, associated instead with static processes and principles. In contrast, certain perceptual models demonstrate (...)
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  25.  47
    ‘Moral Perception’ Reflects Neither Morality Nor Perception.Chaz Firestone & Brian J. Scholl - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (2):75-76.
  26. Do the Same Principles Constrain Persisting Object Representations in Infant Cognition and Adult Perception?: The Cases of Continuity and Cohesion.Erik W. Cheries, Stephen R. Mitroff, Karen Wynn & Brian J. Scholl - 2009 - In Bruce M. Hood & Laurie Santos (eds.), The Origins of Object Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
     
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  27.  59
    The Magical Number 4 in Vision.Brian J. Scholl & Yaoda Xu - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):145-146.
    Some of the evidence for a “magical number 4” has come from the study of visual cognition, and Cowan reinterprets such evidence in terms of a single general limit on memory and attention. We evaluate this evidence, including some studies not mentioned by Cowan, and argue that limitations in visual processing are distinct from those involved in other memory phenomena.
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  28. Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception: Reconciling Nativism and Development.Brian J. Scholl - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York.
  29.  8
    The One-is-More Illusion: Sets of Discrete Objects Appear Less Extended Than Equivalent Continuous Entities in Both Space and Time.Sami R. Yousif & Brian J. Scholl - 2019 - Cognition 185:121-130.
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  30.  17
    Attentional Resources in Visual Tracking Through Occlusion: The High-Beams Effect.Jonathan I. Flombaum, Brian J. Scholl & Zenon W. Pylyshyn - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):904-931.
  31.  27
    Can Infants' Object Concepts Be Trained?Brian J. Scholl - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):49-51.
  32. Spatiotemporal Priority as a Fundamental Principle of Object Persistence.Jonathan I. Flombaum, Brian J. Scholl & Laurie R. Santos - 2009 - In Bruce M. Hood & Laurie Santos (eds.), The Origins of Object Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 135--164.
     
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  33.  29
    Change Blindness, Gibson, and the Sensorimotor Theory of Vision.Brian J. Scholl & Daniel J. Simons - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):1004-1006.
    We suggest that the sensorimotor “theory” of vision is really an unstructured collection of separate ideas, and that much of the evidence cited in its favor at best supports only a subset of these ideas. As an example, we note that work on change blindness does not “vindicate” (or even speak to) much of the sensorimotor framework. Moreover, the ideas themselves are not always internally consistent. Finally, the proposed framework draws on ideas initially espoused by James Gibson, but does little (...)
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  34.  43
    Neural Constraints on Cognitive Modularity?Brian J. Scholl - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):575-576.
    Is innate cognitive modularity consistent with a lack of innate neural modularity? Quartz & Sejnowski's implicit negative answer to his question fuels their antinativist and antimodular cognitive conclusions. I attempt here to suggest a positive answer and to solicit discussion of this crucial issue.
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  35.  28
    Reasoning, Rationality, and Architectural Resolution.Brian J. Scholl - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):451-470.
    Recent evidence suggests that performance on reasoning tasks may reflect the operation of a number of distinct cognitive mechanisms and processes. This paper explores the implications of this view of the mind for the descriptive and normative assessment of reasoning. I suggest that descriptive questions such as “Are we equipped to reason using rule X?” and normative questions such as “Are we rational?” are obsolete—they do not possess a fine enough grain of architectural resolution to accurately characterize the mind. I (...)
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  36. Numbers 1, 2 Special Issue: Objects and Attention.Brian Scholl, Brian J. Scholl, Michael Kubovy, David van Valkenburg, Zenon W. Pylyshyn, Jacob Feldman, Susan Carey, Fei Xu & Claudia Uller - 2001 - Cognition 80 (301):301-302.
     
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  37.  8
    Looking Into the Future: An Inward Bias in Aesthetic Experience Driven Only by Gaze Cues.Yi-Chia Chen, Clara Colombatto & Brian J. Scholl - 2018 - Cognition 176:209-214.
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  38. International Journal of Cognitive Science.Jacques Mehler, Stanislas Dehaene, Steven Pinker, Marc Hauser, Michele Miozzo, Brian Scholl, Nuria Sebastian, G. T. M. Altmann, R. N. Aslin & T. K. Au - 1997 - Cognition 62:245-290.
     
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  39.  3
    Teleface: Serial Reproduction of Faces Reveals a Whiteward Bias in Race Memory.Stefan Uddenberg & Brian J. Scholl - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (10):1466-1487.
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  40.  7
    Minds in Motion in Memory: Enhanced Spatial Memory Driven by the Perceived Animacy of Simple Shapes.Benjamin van Buren & Brian J. Scholl - 2017 - Cognition 163:87-92.
    Even simple geometric shapes are seen as animate and goal-directed when they move in certain ways. Previous research has revealed a great deal about the cues that elicit such percepts, but much less about the consequences for other aspects of perception and cognition. Here we explored whether simple shapes that are perceived as animate and goal-directed are prioritized in memory. We investigated this by asking whether subjects better remember the locations of displays that are seen as animate vs. inanimate, con- (...)
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  41. Number 1 Regular Articles Laura Lakusta and Barbara Landau (Johns Hopkins University) Starting at the End: The Importance of Goals in Spatial Language, 1–33. [REVIEW]Stephen Darling, Tim Valentine, Stephen R. Mitroff, Brian J. Scholl, Karen Wynn, Jessica A. Sommerville, Amanda L. Woodward, Amy Needham, Jyrki Tuomainen & Tobias S. Andersen - 2005 - Cognition 96:287-289.
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