Results for 'Bridget McKenney Costello'

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  1. Sherlock Holmes and the Ethics of Hyperspecialization.Bridget McKenney Costello & Gregory Bassham - 2012 - In Philip Tallon & David Baggett (eds.), The Philosophy of Sherlock Holmes. University Press of Kentucky.
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  2.  92
    Aesthetics and Morals in the Philosophy of David Hume.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2007 - New York: Routledge.
    The book has two aims. First, to examine the extent and significance of the connection between Hume's aesthetics and his moral philosophy; and, second, to consider how, in light of the connection, his moral philosophy answers central questions in ethics. The first aim is realized in chapters 1-4. Chapter 1 examines Hume's essay "Of the Standard of Taste" to understand his search for a "standard" and how this affects the scope of his aesthetics. Chapter 2 establishes that he treats beauty (...)
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  3.  44
    Evaluating the Capacity of Theories of Justice to Serve as a Justice Framework for International Clinical Research.Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion & Bebe Loff - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):30-41.
    This article investigates whether or not theories of justice from political philosophy, first, support the position that health research should contribute to justice in global health, and second, provide guidance about what is owed by international clinical research (ICR) actors to parties in low- and middle-income countries. Four theories—John Rawls's theory of justice, the rights-based cosmopolitan theories of Thomas Pogge and Henry Shue, and Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm—are evaluated. The article shows that three of the four theories require the (...)
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  4.  42
    Comparing abduction and retroduction in Peircean pragmatism and critical realism.Bridget Ritz - 2020 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (5):456-465.
    ABSTRACT Abduction as a method for sociological explanation is increasingly gaining interest, but questions remain as to what exactly it is and how it differs from other methods of inquiry. This paper compares abduction as conceived in Peircean pragmatism with the critical realist concept of retroduction. I argue that abduction in the Peircean sense and retroduction in the critical realist sense refer to different, but complementary, modes of inference. Abductive conclusions provide the starting point for retroductive inferences; the latter inform (...)
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  5.  48
    Semantic and subword priming during binocular suppression.Patricia Costello, Yi Jiang, Brandon Baartman, Kristine McGlennen & Sheng He - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):375-382.
    In general, stimuli that are familiar and recognizable have an advantage of predominance during binocular rivalry. Recent research has demonstrated that familiar and recognizable stimuli such as upright faces and words in a native language could break interocular suppression faster than their matched controls. In this study, a visible word prime was presented binocularly then replaced by a high-contrast dynamic noise pattern presented to one eye and either a semantically related or unrelated word was introduced to the other eye. We (...)
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  6.  20
    Promoting Sketching in Introductory Geoscience Courses: CogSketch Geoscience Worksheets.Bridget Garnier, Maria Chang, Carol Ormand, Bryan Matlen, Basil Tikoff & Thomas F. Shipley - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (4):943-969.
    Research from cognitive science and geoscience education has shown that sketching can improve spatial thinking skills and facilitate solving spatially complex problems. Yet sketching is rarely implemented in introductory geosciences courses, due to time needed to grade sketches and lack of materials that incorporate cognitive science research. Here, we report a design-centered, collaborative effort, between geoscientists, cognitive scientists, and artificial intelligence researchers, to characterize spatial learning challenges in geoscience and to design sketch activities that use a sketch-understanding program, CogSketch. We (...)
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  7. Commentary on Glen Pettigrove’s ‘What Virtue Adds to Value’.Bridget Clarke - 2022 - Australasian Philosophical Review 6 (2):129-138.
    ABSTRACT Glen Pettigrove wishes to accommodate the thought that exemplary instances of love, forgiveness and ambition need not be strictly proportional to the value present in their objects and that agents who are excellent may value the same things somewhat differently from one another or differently over time. To make room for these attractive ideas, he sketches an approach according to which (i) the virtuous agent’s particular modus operandi constitutes an important locus of value and (ii) the value of virtue (...)
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  8.  54
    The life and death of images: ethics and aesthetics.Diarmuid Costello & Dominic Willsdon (eds.) - 2008 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    From the 1970s to the early-1990s, the discourse surrounding aesthetics largely disappeared from the study of art history, theory and cultural studies. Claims for the aesthetic value of art-works were thought of as elitist and politically regressive. The 1990s witnessed a return to aesthetics, but one that stressed the independent claims of beauty, in reaction to its perceived suppression by ethical and political imperatives. However, beauty is just one aspect of the aesthetic. In recent years, increasing attention has been given (...)
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  9. Australia's Mustard Gas Guinea Pigs.Bridget Goodwin - 2000 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 207:139-172.
     
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  10.  11
    Can a bird brain do phonology?Bridget D. Samuels - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:156732.
    A number of recent studies have revealed correspondences between song- and language-related neural structures, pathways, and gene expression in humans and songbirds. Analyses of vocal learning, song structure, and the distribution of song elements have similarly revealed a remarkable number of shared characteristics with human speech. This article reviews recent developments in the understanding of these issues with reference to the phonological phenomena observed in human language. This investigation suggests that birds possess a host of abilities necessary for human phonological (...)
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  11.  3
    John Macmurray: a biography.John E. Costello - 2002 - Edinburgh: Floris Books.
    Deeply moved by his experiences in the trenches of the First World War, the Scottish philospher John Macmurray came to challenge the conventions inherited from European traditions of thought and mounted an assault on impersonal philosophies that failed to address needs and emotional reality.
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  12.  67
    A force-theoretic framework for event structure.Bridget Copley & Heidi Harley - 2015 - Linguistics and Philosophy 38 (2):103-158.
    We propose an account of dynamic predicates which draws on the notion of force, eliminating reference to events in the linguistic semantics. We treat dynamic predicates as predicates of forces, represented as functions from an initial situation to a final situation that occurs ceteris paribus, that is, if nothing external intervenes. The possibility that opposing forces might intervene to prevent the transition to a given final situation leads us to a novel analysis of non-culminating accomplishment predicates in a variety of (...)
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  13.  11
    Ethics of ARV Based Prevention: Treatment‐as‐Prevention and PrEP.John M. Kaldor Bridget Haire - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 13 (2):63-69.
    Published data show that new HIV prevention strategies including treatment‐as‐prevention and pre‐exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using oral antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are highly, but not completely, effective if regimens are taken as directed. Consequently, their implementation may challenge norms around HIV prevention. Specific concerns include the potential for ARV‐based prevention to reframe responsibility, erode beneficial sexual norms and waste resources. This paper explores what rights claims uninfected people can make for access to ARVs for prevention, and whether moral claims justify the provision (...)
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  14.  8
    Divided Communities and Absent Voices: The Search for Autistic BIPOC Parent Blogs.Bridget Liang - 2022 - Studies in Social Justice 16 (2):447-469.
    Both autistic adults and families of autistic children rely heavily on blogs and other digital platforms to create community and gain experiential knowledge about autism, but research on autism blogs has failed to distinguish between the perspectives of autistic adults and neurotypical parent bloggers. Furthermore, intersections in the experiences of BIPOC autistics are rarely examined. Using a content analysis with a feminist Critical Disability Studies lens, I explore six autism parent blogs from diverse demographics: a white neurotypical father, a white (...)
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  15.  50
    The Ethics of Selective Mandatory Vaccination for COVID-19.Bridget M. Williams - 2022 - Public Health Ethics 15 (1):74-86.
    With evidence of vaccine hesitancy in several jurisdictions, the option of making COVID-19 vaccination mandatory requires consideration. In this paper I argue that it would be ethical to make the COVID-19 vaccination mandatory for older people who are at highest risk of severe disease, but if this were to occur, and while there is limited knowledge of the disease and vaccines, there are not likely to be sufficient grounds to mandate vaccination for those at lower risk. Mandating vaccination for those (...)
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  16.  16
    A Very Private Business: Exploring the Demand for Migrant Domestic Workers.Bridget Anderson - 2007 - European Journal of Women's Studies 14 (3):247-264.
    This article considers whether there is a specific demand for migrant domestic workers in the UK, or for workers with particular characteristics that in theory could be met by citizens. It discusses how immigration status can make it easier not only to recruit domestic workers, but also to retain them. `Foreignness' may also make the management of the employment relation easier with employers anxious to discover a coincidence of interest with the worker. Employers are not only looking for generic `foreignness' (...)
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  17.  71
    Teaching Ethics to Engineers: Ethical Decision Making Parallels the Engineering Design Process.Bridget Bero & Alana Kuhlman - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):597-605.
    In order to fulfill ABET requirements, Northern Arizona University’s Civil and Environmental engineering programs incorporate professional ethics in several of its engineering courses. This paper discusses an ethics module in a 3rd year engineering design course that focuses on the design process and technical writing. Engineering students early in their student careers generally possess good black/white critical thinking skills on technical issues. Engineering design is the first time students are exposed to “grey” or multiple possible solution technical problems. To identify (...)
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  18.  34
    X.—Complexity and Synthesis: A Comparison of the Data and Philosophical Methods of Mr. Russell and M. Bergson.Costelloe Karin - 1915 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 15 (1):271-303.
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  19. Virtue and Disagreement.Bridget Clarke - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (3):273-291.
    One of the most prominent strands in contemporary work on the virtues consists in the attempt to develop a distinctive—and compelling—account of practical reason on the basis of Aristotle’s ethics. In response to this project, several eminent critics have argued that the Aristotelian account encourages a dismissive attitude toward moral disagreement. Given the importance of developing a mature response to disagreement, the criticism is devastating if true. I examine this line of criticism closely, first elucidating the features of the Aristotelian (...)
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  20.  18
    The British aesthetic tradition: from Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein.Timothy M. Costelloe - 2013 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first single volume to offer a comprehensive and systematic account of British and American aesthetics from the early eighteenth century to the late twentieth century.
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  21. The Picture of Health: Liturgical Metaphors of Wholeness and Healing.Bridget Nichols - 2002 - Studies in Christian Ethics 15 (1):40-53.
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  22.  6
    Gendered Testimonies: Autobiographies, Diaries and Letters by Women as Sources for Caribbean History1.Bridget Brereton - 1998 - Feminist Review 59 (1):143-163.
    Although history has been one of the main disciplines through which we can understand gender, the paucity of data written or recorded by women makes it more difficult for the historian to research women's lives in the past. In the Caribbean, this task has been made easier by the discovery of a few key sources which allow an insight into the private sphere of Caribbean women's lives. These records of women who have lived in the Caribbean since the 1800s consist (...)
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  23.  21
    "Chequer Works of Providence": Skeptical Providentialism in Daniel Defoe's Fiction.Bridget C. Donnelly - 2019 - Philosophy and Literature 43 (1):107-120.
    I mention this story also as the best method I can advise any person to take in such a case, especially if he be one that makes conscience of his duty, and would be directed what to do in it, namely, that he should keep his eye upon the particular providences which occur at that time, and look upon them complexly, as they regard one another, and as all together regard the question before him: and then, I think, he may (...)
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  24.  9
    Social mechanisms: bridging critical realist and pragmatist approaches.Bridget Ritz - 2023 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (3):404-410.
    In this paper, I discuss critical realists’ and contemporary sociological pragmatists’ approaches to conceptualizing social mechanisms, which, on my reading, each involve some ambiguities or confusions. I sketch some corrections and clarifications that bring into view ways pragmatism and critical realism might inform each other in a constructive fashion on the question of what social mechanisms are. Finally, I suggest a concept of social mechanisms that is compatible with both critical realist and pragmatist insights, as a starting point from which (...)
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  25.  38
    A Treatise on Probability. [REVIEW]Harry T. Costello - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (11):301-306.
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  26.  8
    Patterns of ongoing thought in the real world.Bridget Mulholland, Ian Goodall-Halliwell, Raven Wallace, Louis Chitiz, Brontë Mckeown, Aryanna Rastan, Giulia L. Poerio, Robert Leech, Adam Turnbull, Arno Klein, Michael Milham, Jeffrey D. Wammes, Elizabeth Jefferies & Jonathan Smallwood - 2023 - Consciousness and Cognition 114 (C):103530.
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  27.  9
    “But I Have a Pacer…There Is No Point in Engaging in Hypothetical Scenarios”: A Non-Imminently Dying Patient’s Request for Pacemaker Deactivation.Bridget A. Tracy, Rosamond Rhodes & Nathan E. Goldstein - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.
    In this case report, we describe a woman with advancing dementia who still retained decisional capacity and was able to clearly articulate her request for deactivation of her implanted cardiac pacemaker—a scenario that would result in her death. In this case, the patient had the autonomy to make her decision, but clinicians at an outside hospital refused to deactivate her pacemaker even though they were in unanimous agreement that the patient had capacity to make this decision, citing personal discomfort and (...)
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  28. An Analysis and Evaluation of Some Theories of Evil: Plotinus, Aquinas and Leibniz.Edward B. Costello - 1959 - Dissertation, Northwestern University
  29.  12
    Art: key contemporary thinkers.Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Berg.
    The last few decades have witnessed an explosion in ideas and theories on art. Art itself has never been more popular, but much recent thinking remains inaccessible and difficult to use. This book assesses the work of leading thinkers (including artists) who are having a major impact on making, criticizing and interpreting art. Each entry, written by a leading international expert, presents a concise, critical appraisal of a thinker and their contribution to thought about art and its place in the (...)
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  30.  9
    Blood, Honour and Status in Odyssey 11.Bridget Martin - 2014 - Classical Quarterly 64 (1):1-12.
    During the necromantic ceremony inOdyssey11 Odysseus slits the throats of two sheep and then proceeds to drain their blood into the βόθρος, or pit, which he has dug in the ground (Od. 11.35–6). At this point in the ceremony the dead swarm up from the Underworld, displaying an innate attraction to the blood (Od. 11.36–7). Such is the overwhelming response of the dead that Odysseus must draw his sword in order to hold back the multitudes who clamour to drink the (...)
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  31.  19
    From Common Prayer to Common Ancestor: The Quest for Anglican Liturgical Identity and the Legacy of the Reformation.Bridget Nichols - 2018 - New Blackfriars 99 (1080):232-247.
    Anglicanism's relationship with its Reformation heritage represents a tension. It looks to the Reformation as the movement from which an English Church, independent of papal authority, was inaugurated. At the same time, it refuses to be labelled as a “church of the Reformation”, pointing to its continuity with a much longer history of Christian practice in Britain. The growth of the Anglican Communion and current controversies over church order, the interpretation of scripture and the exercise of authority make Anglican identity (...)
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  32.  28
    Narrating otherness: Between hospitality and hostility.Stephen J. Costello - 2004 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 30 (7):881-886.
    This article discusses Richard Kearney’s multidisciplinary trilogy on the role of ‘Philosophy at the Limits’: On Stories (2002), Strangers, Gods and Monsters (2002) and The God Who May Be (2001). The three books take a cross-cultural approach on the margins of philosophy, the first issuing an ethics of narrative, the second welcoming the figures of Otherness, and the third affirming that God neither is nor is not but may be. Promoting a middle way between subordinating the Same to the Other (...)
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  33.  83
    Imagination and Politics in Iris Murdoch's Moral Philosophy.Bridget Clarke - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (3):387-411.
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  34.  5
    Book review: Classification Struggles. [REVIEW]Bridget Fowler - 2020 - European Journal of Social Theory 23 (3):446-451.
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  35.  41
    Facial Expression in Nonhuman Animals.Bridget M. Waller & Jérôme Micheletta - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):54-59.
    Many nonhuman animals produce facial expressions which sometimes bear clear resemblance to the facial expressions seen in humans. An understanding of this evolutionary continuity between species, and how this relates to social and ecological variables, can help elucidate the meaning, function, and evolution of facial expression. This aim, however, requires researchers to overcome the theoretical and methodological differences in how human and nonhuman facial expressions are approached. Here, we review the literature relating to nonhuman facial expressions and suggest future directions (...)
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  36.  26
    Arendt and Beauvoir on the Failures of Political Judgment in Praxis.Bridget Allan - 2021 - Arendt Studies 5:121-144.
    In this article, I bring together Hannah Arendt’s and Simone de Beauvoir’s respective theories of political judgment to evaluate the problems that arise from their accounts of judgment in praxis. To do so, I compare Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil on Adolf Eichmann’s trial in Israel and Beauvoir’s “An Eye for an Eye” on Robert Brasillach’s trial in France. In approaching the dilemmas of judgment in theory, both share a commitment to preserving freedom by (...)
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  37.  8
    The Excavations at Maheshwar and Navdatoli, 1952-53.Bridget Allchin, Hasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia, Bendapudi Subbarao & Shantaram Bhalchandra Deo - 1960 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (3):257.
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  38.  8
    The Stone Age Cultures of Orissa.Bridget Allchin & Gopal Chandra Mohapatra - 1964 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (4):476.
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  39.  7
    Hammershøi’s Either/Or.Bridget Alsdorf - 2016 - Critical Inquiry 42 (2):268-305.
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  40.  5
    Anti-Trafficking Campaigns: Decent? Honest? Truthful?Bridget Anderson & Rutvica Andrijasevic - 2009 - Feminist Review 92 (1):151-155.
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  41. Inside/outside: a non-native Caribbeanist's journey.Bridget Brereton - 2016 - In Antoinette M. Burton & Dane Keith Kennedy (eds.), How Empire Shaped Us. London: Bloomsbury Academic, An imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
     
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  42.  13
    Fogarty Research Ethics Training Programs in the Asia-Pacific: The Merging of Cultures.Cassandra Van Bridget Pratt - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 9 (2):68-79.
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  43.  10
    Perspectives from South and East Asia on Clinical and Research Ethics: A Literature Review.Cassandra Van Bridget Pratt - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 9 (2):52-67.
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  44. Special Considerations for Cell-Based Advanced Therapies.Bridget Bulwer, Mo Heidaran & Darin J. Weber - 2022 - In William Sietsema & Jocelyn Jennings (eds.), Regulation of regenerative medicines: a global perspective. Rockville: Regulatory Affairs Professionals Society.
     
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  45.  22
    Philosophic Problems of Nuclear Science.H. T. Costello - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (109):172-173.
  46.  15
    Averroes (Ibn Rushd): Scholar of Classical and Islamic Philosophy.Bridget Lim - 2016 - New York: Rosen Publishing.
    The development of the Islamic world -- The education of Averroes -- Philosophy and Islam -- Law and medicine -- Remembering Averroes.
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  47.  6
    Avicenna: leading physician and philosopher-scientist of the Islamic Golden Age.Bridget Lim - 2017 - New York: Rosen Publishing.
    The Golden Age of Islam -- Avicenna's early life -- On the prince's court -- Prince of physicians -- A short life with width -- Chief of the wise.
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  48.  10
    Al-Kindi: The Father of Islamic Philosophy.Bridget Lim - 2016 - New York: Rosen Publishing. Edited by Jennifer Viegas.
    Al-Kindi is believed by many scholars to be the first Islamic philosopher. At a time when Europe was plunged into the Dark Ages, the Islamic world was experiencing an important time of cultural growth and scientific advancement. While many considered Muslim students of ancient Greek philosophers to be infidels, al-Kindi was able to master the scholarship while interpreting it through his Muslim faith. His conclusions always supported the teachings of Islam, but the methods that he drew upon to reach these (...)
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  49. John Macmurray: A Biography.John E. Costello - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):290-292.
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  50.  15
    Pierre Bourdieu on social transformation, with particular reference to political and symbolic revolutions.Bridget Fowler - 2020 - Theory and Society 49 (3):439-463.
    This article challenges what is now the orthodoxy concerning the heritage of Bourdieu (1930–2002): namely, the judgement that his distinctive sociological innovation has been his theory of social reproduction, and that he has failed to provide a necessary theory of social change. Yet Bourdieu consistently claimed to offer a theory of social transformation as well as accounting for continuities of power. Indeed, he provides two substantive keys for an understanding of historical transformation—first, a theory of prophets (religious or secular) as (...)
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